God's First Truth: Tyndale/Rogers
(Genesis is Latin from Greek)
The 1st Chapter
In the beginning God created heaven and earth. The earth was void and empty, and darkness was upon the deep, and the spirit of God moved upon the water.
Then God said: let there be light: and there was light. And God saw the light that it was good: and divided the light from the darkness, and called the light day, and the darkness night: and so of the evening and morning was made the first day.
And God said: let there be a firmament between the waters, and let it divide the waters asunder. Then God made the firmament, and parted the waters which were under the firmament, from the waters that were above the firmament: And it was so. And God called the firmament Heaven. And so of the evening and morning was made the second day.
And God said: let the waters that are under heaven gather themselves unto one place, that the dry land may appear. And it came so to pass. And God called the dry land the earth, and the gathering together of waters called he the sea. And God saw that it was good.
And God said: let the earth bring forth herb and grass that sow seed, and fruitful trees, that bear fruit every one in his kind, having their seed in themselves upon the earth. And it came so to pass. And the earth brought forth herb and grass sowing seed every one in his kind, and trees bearing fruit, and having their seed in themselves, every one in his kind. And God saw that it was good, and then of the evening and morning was made the third day.
Then said God: let there be lights in the firmament of heaven, to divide the day from the night, that they may be unto signs, seasons, days and years. And let them be lights in the firmament of heaven, to shine upon the earth: And so it was. And God made two great lights: A greater light to rule the day, and a less light to rule the night: and he made stars also. And God put them in the firmament of heaven to shine upon the earth, and to rule the day and the night: and to divide the light from darkness. And God saw that it was good: and so of the evening and morning was made the fourth day.
And God said: let the water bring forth creatures that move and have life, and fowls for to fly over the earth under the firmament of heaven. And God created great whales and all manner of creatures that live and move, which the waters brought forth in their kinds, and all manner of feathered fowls in their kinds. And God saw that it was good: and God blessed them saying: Grow and multiply and fill the waters of the seas, and let the fowls multiply upon the earth. And so of the evening and morning was made the fifth day.
And God said: let the earth bring forth living creatures in their kinds: cattle and worms and beasts of the earth in their kinds, and so it came to pass. And God made the beasts of the earth in their kinds, and cattle in their kinds, and all manner worms of the earth in their kinds: and God saw that it was good.
And God said: let us make man in our similitude and after our likeness: that he may have rule over the fish of the sea, and over the fowls of the air, and over cattle, and over all the earth, and over all worms that creep on the earth. And God created man after his likeness, after the likeness of God created he him: male and female created he them.
And God blessed them, and God said unto them: Grow and multiply and fill the earth and subdue it, and have dominion over the fishes of the sea, and over the fowls of the air, and over all the beasts that move on the earth.
And God said: see, I have given you all herbs that sow seed, which are on the earth, and
all manner trees that have fruit in them and sow seed: to be meat for you and for all beasts of the
earth, and unto all fowls of the air and unto all that creepeth on the earth where in is life, that they
may have all manner herbs and grass for to eat, and even so it was. And God beheld all that he
had made, and lo they were exceeding good: and so of the evening and morning was made the
The 2nd Chapter
Thus was heaven and earth finished with all their apparel, and in the seventh day God ended his work which he had made, and rested in the seventh day from all his works which he had made. And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it, for in it he rested from all his works which he had created and made.
These are the generations of heaven and earth when they were created, in the time when the Lord God created heaven and earth and all the shrubs of the field before they were in the earth. And all the herbs of the field before they sprang, for the Lord God had yet sent no rain upon the earth, neither was there yet any man to till the earth. But there arose a mist out of the ground, and watered all the face of the earth: Then the Lord God shaped man, even of the mould of the earth, and breathed into his face the breath of life. So man was made a living soul.
The Lord God also planted a garden in Eden from the beginning, and there he set man whom he had formed. And the Lord God made to spring out of the earth, all manner trees beautiful to the sight and pleasant to eat, and the tree of life in the midst of the garden: and also the tree of knowledge of good and evil.
And there sprang a river out of Eden to water the garden, and there divided itself, and grew into four principal waters. The name of the one is Phison, he it is that compasseth all the land of Hevila, where gold groweth. And the gold of that country is precious, there is found Bedellion and a stone called Onyx. The name of the second river is Gihon, which compasseth all the land of Inde. And the name of the third river is Hidekell, which runneth on the east side of the Assyrians. And the fourth river is Euphrates.
And the Lord God took Adam, and put him in the garden of Eden, to dress it and to keep it. And the Lord God commanded Adam saying: Of all the trees of the garden see thou eat: But of the tree of knowledge of good and bad see that thou eat not: For even the same day thou eatest of it thou shalt die the death.
And the Lord God said: It is not good that man should be alone, I will make him an helper to bear him company. And after that the Lord God had made of the earth all manner beasts of the field, and all manner fowls of the air, he brought them unto Adam to see what he would call them. And as Adam called all manner living beasts, even so are their names. And Adam gave names unto all manner cattle, and unto the fowls of the air, and unto all manner beasts of the field. But there was no help found unto Adam to bear him company.
Then the Lord God cast a slumber on Adam, and he slept. And then he took out one of his
ribs, and in stead thereof he filled up the place with flesh. And the Lord God made of the rib
which he took out of Adam, a woman: and brought her unto Adam. Then said Adam: This is once
bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh. This shall be called woman: because she was taken of the
man. For this cause shall a man leave father and mother, and cleave unto his wife, and they shall
be one flesh. And they were either of them naked, both Adam and his wife, and were not
The 3rd Chapter
But the serpent was subtler than all the beasts of the field, which the Lord God had made: and said unto the woman: ye, hath God said in deed, ye shall not eat of all manner trees in the garden ? And the woman said unto the serpent, of the fruit of the trees in the garden we may eat, but of the fruit of the tree that is in the midst of the garden ( said God ) see that ye eat not, and see that ye touch it not, lest ye die. Then said the serpent unto the woman: tush ye shall not die: but God doth know that whensoever ye should eat of it, your eyes should be opened, and ye should be as God, and know both good and evil. And the woman saw that it was a good tree to eat of, and lusty unto the eyes, and a pleasant tree for to give understanding. And took of the fruit of it and ate, and gave unto her husband also with her, and he ate. And the eyes of both of them were opened, that they understood how that they were naked. Then they sewed fig leaves together and made them aprons.
And they heard the voice of the Lord God as he walked in the garden in the cool of the day. And Adam hid himself and his wife also from the face of the Lord God, among the trees of the garden. And`the Lord God called Adam, and said unto him: where art thou ? And he answered: Thy voice I heard in the garden, but I was afraid, because I was naked, and therefore hid myself. And he said: Who told thee that thou wast naked ? hast thou eaten of the tree, of which I bade thee that thou shouldest not eat ? And Adam answered: The woman which thou gavest to bear me company, she took me of the tree, and I ate. And the Lord God said unto the woman: Wherefore didest thou so ? And the woman answered: The serpent deceived me and I ate.
And the Lord God said unto the serpent: because thou hast so done most cursed be thou of all cattle and of all beasts of the field: upon thy belly shalt thou go: and earth shalt thou eat all days of thy life. Moreover I will put hatred between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed. And that seed shall tread thee on the head, and thou shalt tread it on the heel.
And unto the woman he said: I will surely increase thy sorrow, and make thee oft with child, and with pain shalt thou be delivered: And thy lusts shall pertain unto thy husband, and he shall rule thee.
And unto Adam he said: Forasmuch as thou hast obeyed the voice of thy wife, and hast eaten of the tree of which I commanded thee, saying: See thou eat not thereof: cursed be the earth for thy sake. In sorrow shalt thou eat thereof all days of thy life: And it shall bear thorns and thistles unto thee. And thou shalt eat the herbs of the field. In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, until thou return unto the earth whence thou wast taken: for earth thou art, and unto earth shalt thou return.
And Adam called his wife Heva, because she was the mother of all that liveth. And the
Lord God made Adam and his wife garments of skins, and put them on them. And the Lord God
said: Lo, Adam is become as it were one of us, in knowledge of good and evil. But now lest he
stretch forth his hand and take also of the tree of life, and eat and live ever. And the Lord God
cast him out of the garden of Eden, to till the earth whence he was taken. And he cast Adam out,
and set at the entering of the garden Eden, Cherubin with a naked sword moving in and out, to
keep the way to the tree of life.
The 4th Chapter
And Adam lay with Heva his wife, which conceived and bare Cain, and said: I have gotten a man of the Lord. And she proceeded forth, and bare his brother Abel: And Abel became a shepherd, and Cain became a plowman.
And it fortuned in process of time, that Cain brought of the fruit of the earth, an offering unto the Lord. And Abel he brought also of the firstlings of his sheep, and of the fat of them. And the Lord looked unto Abel and to his offering, but unto Cain and unto his offering looked he not. And Cain was wroth exceedingly, and lowered. And the Lord said unto Cain: why art thou angry, and why lowerest thou ? Knowest thou not if thou dost well thou shalt receive it ? But and if thou dost evil, by and by thy sin lieth open in the door. Notwithstanding let it be subdued unto thee, and see thou rule it. And Cain talked with Abel his brother.
And as soon as they were in the fields, Cain fell upon Abel his brother, and slew him. And the Lord said unto Cain: where is Abel thy brother ? And he said: I cannot tell, am I my brother's keeper ? And he said: What hast thou done ? The voice of thy brother's blood cryed unto me out of the earth. And now cursed be thou as pertaining to the earth, which opened her mouth to receive thy brother's blood of thine hand. For when thou tillest the ground she shall henceforth not give her power unto thee. A vagabond and a *runagate (renegade; one who flees) shalt thou be upon the earth.
And Cain said unto the Lord: my sin is greater, than that it may be forgiven. Behold thou castest me out this day from off the face of the earth, and from thy sight must I hide myself, and I must be wandering and a vagabond upon the earth: Moreover whosoever findeth me, will kill me. And the Lord said unto him: Not so, but whosoever slayeth Cain shall be punished sevenfold. And the Lord put a mark upon Cain that no man that found him should kill him. And Cain went out from the face of the Lord, and dwelt in the land Nod, on the east side of Eden.
And Cain lay with his wife, which conceived and bare Henoch. And he was building a city, and called the name of it after the name of his son, Henoch. And Henoch begat Irad. And Irad begat Mahuiael. And Mahuiael begat Mathusael. And Mathusael begat Lamech. And Lamech took him two wives: the one is called Ada, and the other Zilla: And Ada bare Jabal, of whom came they that dwell in tents and possess cattle. And his brother's name was Jubal, of him came all that exercise themselves on the harp and on the organs. And Zilla she also bare Tubalcain a worker in metal and a father of all that grave in brass and iron. And Tubalcain's sister was called Naema.
Then said Lamech unto his wives Ada and Zilla: hear my voice ye wives of Lamech and
hearken unto my words, for I have slain a man and wounded myself, and have slain a young man,
and got myself stripes: For Cain shall be avenged sevenfold: but Lamech seventy times sevenfold.
Adam also lay with his wife yet again, and she bare a son and called his name Seth. For God (said
she) hath given me another son for Abel whom Cain slew. And Seth begat a son, and called his
name Enos. And in that time began men to call on the name of the Lord.
The 5th Chapter
This is the book of the generation of man. In the day when God created man and made him after the similitude of God. Male and female made he them, and called their names man, in the day when they were created. And when Adam was an hundred and thirty years old, he begat a son after his likeness and similitude: and called his name Seth. And the days of Adam after he begat Seth, were eight hundred years, and begat sons and daughters. And all the days of Adam which he lived, were nine hundred and thirty years, and then he died.
And Seth lived an hundred and five years, and begat Enos. And after he had begot Enos he lived eight hundred and seven years, and begat sons and daughters. And all the days of Seth were nine hundred and twelve years, and died. And Enos lived eighty (kjv=ninety) years, and begat Kenan. And Enos after he begat Kenan, lived eight hundred and fifteen years, and begat sons and daughters: and all the days of Enos were nine hundred and five years, and then he died. And Kenan lived seventy years, and begat Mahalaliel. And Kenan after he had begot Mahalaliel, lived eight hundred and forty years, and begat sons and daughters: and all the days of Kenan were nine hundred and ten years, and then he died. And Mahalaliel lived sixty-five years, and begat Jared. And Mahalaliel after he had begot Jared lived eight hundred and thirty years, and begat sons and daughters: and all the days of Mahalaliel were eight hundred ninety and five years, and then he died.
And Jared lived an hundred and sixty-two years, and begat Henoch: and Jared lived after he begat Henoch, eight hundred years, and begat sons and daughters. And all the days of Jared were nine hundred and sixty-two years, and then he died. And Henoch lived sixty-five years, and begat Mathusala. And Henoch walked with God after he had begot Mathusalah, three hundred years, and begat sons and daughters: And all the days of Henoch were three hundred and sixty-five years, and then Henoch lived a godly life, and was no more seen, for God took him away.
And Mathusala lived an hundred and eighty-seven years and begat Lamech: and Mathusala after he had begot Lamech, lived seven hundred and eighty two years, and begat sons and daughters. And all the days of Mathusala were nine hundred sixty-nine years, and then he died.
And Lamech lived an hundred eighty-two years and begat a son, and called him Noe,
saying: This same shall comfort us: as concerning our work and sorrow of our hands which we
have about the earth that the Lord hath cursed. And Lamech lived after he had beget Noe, five
hundred, ninety and five years, and begat sons and daughters. And all the days of Lamech were
seven hundred seventy-seven years, and then he died. And when Noe was five hundred years old,
he begat Sem, Ham, and Japheth.
The 6th Chapter
And it came to pass, when men began to multiply upon the earth, and had begot them daughters, the sons of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair, and took unto them wives, which they best liked among them all. And the Lord said: My spirit shall not always strive with man, for they are flesh. Nevertheless I will give them yet space, an hundred and twenty years.
There were tyrants in the world in those days. For after that the children of God had gone in unto the daughters of men, and had begotten them children, the same children were the mightiest of the world, and men of renown. And when the Lord saw that the wickedness of man was increased upon the earth, and that all the imagination and thoughts of his heart was only evil continually, he repented that he had made man upon the earth, and sorrowed in his heart. And said: I will destroy mankind which I have made, from off the face of the earth: both man, beast, worm and fowl of the air, for it repenteth me that I have made them. But yet Noe found grace in the sight of the Lord.
These are the generations of Noe. Noe was a righteous man and uncorrupt in his time, and walked with God. And Noe begat three sons: Sem, Ham, and Japheth. And the earth was corrupt in the sight of God, and was full of mischief. And God looked upon the earth, and lo it was corrupt: for all flesh had corrupted his way upon the earth.
Then said God to Noe: the end of all flesh is come before me, for the earth is full of their mischief. And lo, I will destroy them with the earth. Make thee an ark of pine tree, and make chambers in the ark, and pitch it within and without with pitch. And of this fashion shalt thou make it.
The length of the ark shall be three hundred cubits, and the breadth of it fifty cubits, and the height of it thirty cubits. A window shalt thou make above in the ark. And within a cubit compass shalt thou finish it. And the door of the ark shalt thou set in the side of it: and thou shalt make it with three lofts one above an other. For behold I will bring in a flood of water upon the earth to destroy all flesh from under heaven, wherein breath of life is: so that all that is in the earth shall perish. But I will make mine appointment with thee, that both thou shalt come in to the ark and thy sons, thy wife and thy sons' wives with thee.
And of all that liveth whatsoever flesh it be, shalt thou bring into the ark, of every thing a
pair, to keep them alive with thee. And male and female see that they be, of birds in their kind,
and of beasts in their kind, and of all manner of worms of the earth in their kind: a pair of every
thing shall come unto thee to keep them alive. And take unto thee of all manner of meat that may
be eaten and lay it up in store by thee, that it may be meat both for thee and for them: and Noe did
according to all that God commanded him.
The 7th Chapter
And the Lord said unto Noe: Go into the ark both thou and all thy household. For thee have I seen righteous before me in this generation. Of all clean beasts take unto thee seven of every kind, the male and female, and of unclean beasts a pair, the male and his female: likewise of the birds of the air seven of every kind, male and female to save seed upon all the earth. For seven days hence will I send rain upon the earth forty days and forty nights, and will destroy all manner of things that I have made, from off the face of the earth.
And Noe did according to all that the Lord commanded him: and Noe was six hundred years old, when the flood of water came upon the earth: and Noe went and his sons and his wife and his sons' wives with him, into the ark from the waters of the flood. And of clean beasts, and of beasts that were unclean, and of birds and of all that creepeth upon the earth, came in by couples of every kind unto Noe into the ark, a male and a female: even as God commanded Noe. And the seventh day the waters of the flood came upon the earth.
In the six hundredth year of Noe's life, in the second month, in the seventeenth day of the month, that same day were all the fountains of the great deep broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened, and there fell a rain upon the earth forty days and forty nights.
And the self same day went Noe, Sem, Ham and Japheth, Noe's sons, and Noe's wife and the three wives of his sons with them in to the ark: both they and all manner of beasts in their kind, and all manner of cattle in their kind, and all manner of worms that creep upon the earth in their kind, and all manner of birds in their kind, and all manner of fowls whatsoever had feathers. And they came unto Noe into the ark couples, of all flesh that had breath of life in it. And they that came, came male and female of every flesh according as God commanded him: and the Lord shut the door upon him. And the flood came forty days and forty nights upon the earth, and the water increased and bare up the ark, and it was lifted up from off the earth. And the water prevailed and increased exceedingly upon the earth: and the ark went upon the top of the waters. And the waters prevailed exceedingly above measure upon the earth, so that all the high hills which are under all the parts of heaven were covered: even fifteen cubits high prevailed the waters, so that the hills were covered.
And all flesh that moved on the earth both birds, cattle and beasts perished, with all that
crept on the earth and all men: so that all that had the breath of life in the nostrils of it throughout
all that was on dry land died. Thus was destroyed all that was upon the earth, both man, beasts,
worms and fowls of the air, so that they were destroyed from the earth: save Noe was reserved
only and they that were with him in the ark. And the waters prevailed upon the earth, an hundred
and fifty days.
The 8th Chapter
And God remembered Noe and all the beasts and all the cattle that were with him in the ark. And God made a wind to blow upon the earth, and the waters ceased: and the fountains of the deep and the windows of heaven were stopped, and the rain of heaven was forbidden, and the waters returned from off the earth, and abated after the end of an hundred and fifty days.
And the ark rested upon the mountains of Ararat, the seventeenth day of the seventh month. And the waters went away, and decreased until the tenth month. And the first day of the tenth month, the tops of the mountains appeared.
And after the end of forty days Noe opened the window of the ark which he had made, and sent forth a raven, which went out, ever going and coming again, until the waters were dried up upon the earth.
Then sent he forth a dove from him, to know whether the waters were fallen from off the earth. And when the dove could find no resting place for her foot, she returned to him again unto the ark, for the waters were upon the face of all the earth. And he put out his hand, and took her and pulled her to him into the ark.
And he abode yet seven days more, and sent out the dove again out of the ark, and the dove came to him again about eventide, and behold, there was in her mouth a leaf of an olive tree which she had plucked: whereby Noe perceived that the waters were abated upon the earth. And he tarried yet seven other days, and sent forth the dove, which from then forth came no more again to him.
And it came to pass, the six hundred and one year and the first day of the first month, that the waters were dried up upon the earth. And Noe took off the hatches of the ark, and looked: and behold, the face of the earth was dry. So by the twenty seventh day of the second month the earth was dry.
And God spake unto Noe, saying: Come out of the ark, both thou and thy wife and thy sons and thy sons' wives with thee. And all the beasts that are with thee whatsoever flesh it be, both fowl and cattle, and all manner worms that creep on the earth, bring out with thee, and let them move, grow and multiply upon the earth. And Noe came out, and his sons, and his wife, and his sons' wives with him. And all the beasts, and all the worms, and all the fowls and all that moved upon the earth, came also out of the ark, all of one kind together.
And Noe made an altar unto the Lord, and took of all manner of clean beasts, and all
manner of clean fowls, and offered sacrifice upon the altar. And the Lord smelled a sweet savour
and said in his heart: I will hence forth no more curse the earth for man's sake, for the imagination
of man's heart is evil, even from the very youth of him. Moreover I will not destroy from hence
forth all that liveth as I have done. Neither shall sowing time and harvest, cold and heat, summer
and winter, day and night cease, as long as the earth endureth.
The 9th Chapter
And God blessed Noe and his sons and said unto them: Increase and multiply and fill the earth. The fear also and dread of you be upon all beasts of the earth, and upon all fowls of the air, and upon all that creepeth on the earth, and upon all fishes of the sea, which are given unto your hands. And all that moveth upon the earth having life, shall be your meat: Even as the green herbs so give I you all things. Only the flesh with his life which is his blood, see that ye eat not.
For verily the blood of you wherein your lives are will I require: Even of the hand of all beasts will I require it, and of the hand of man and of the hand of every man's brother will I require the life of man: so that he which sheddeth man's blood, shall have his blood shed by man again: for God made man after his own likeness. See that ye increase, and wax, and be occupied upon the earth, and multiply therein.
Furthermore God spake unto Noe and to his sons with him, saying: See, I make my bond with you and your seed after you, and with all living things that is with you: both fowl and cattle, and all manner beasts of the earth that is with you, of all that cometh out of ark, what soever beast of the earth it be. I make my bond with you, that henceforth all flesh shall not be destroyed with the waters of any flood, and that henceforth there shall not be a flood to destroy the earth.
And God said: This is the token of my bond which I make between me and you, and between all living things that is with you for ever: I will set my bow in the clouds and it shall be a sign of the appointment made between me and the earth: so that when I bring in clouds upon the earth, the bow shall appear in the clouds. And then will I think upon my testament which I have made between me and you, and all that liveth whatsoever flesh it be. So that henceforth there shall be no more waters to make a flood to destroy all flesh.
The bow shall be in the clouds, and I will look upon it, to remember the everlasting testament between God and all that liveth upon the earth, whatsoever flesh it be. And God said unto Noe: This is the sign of the testament which I have made between me and all flesh that is on the earth.
The sons of Noe that came out of the ark were: Sem, Ham and Japheth. And Ham he is the father of Canaan. These are the three sons of Noe, and of these was all the world overspread.
And Noe being an husbandman, went forth and planted a vineyard, and drank of the wine and was drunk, and lay uncovered in the midst of his tent. And Ham the father of Canaan saw his father's privities, and told his two brethren that were without. And Sem and Japheth took a mantle, and put it on both their shoulders and went backward, and covered their father's secrets, but their faces were backward, so that they saw not their father's nakedness.
As soon as Noe was awaked from his wine, and knew what his youngest son had done unto him, he said: Cursed be Canaan, and a servant of all servants be he to his brethren. And he said: Blessed be the Lord God of Sem, and Canaan be his servant. God increase Japheth that he may dwell in the tents of Sem. And Canaan be their servant.
And Noe lived after the flood three hundred and fifty years: So that all the days of Noe
were nine hundred and fifty years, and then he died.
The 10th Chapter
These are the generations of the sons of Noe: of Sem, Ham and Japheth, which begat them children after the flood.
The sons of Japheth were: Gomir, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tuball, Mesech and Thyras. And the sons of Gomir were: Ascenas, Riphat and Togarma. And the sons of Javan were: Elisa, Tharsis, Cithim and Dodanim. Of these came the Isles of the gentiles in their countries, every man in his speech, kindred and nation.
The sons of Ham were: Chus, Misraim, Phut and Canaan. The sons of Chus were Seba, Hevila, Sabta, Raima and Sabtema. And the sons of Rayma were: Sheba, and Dedan. Chus also beget Nimrod, which began to be mighty in the earth. He was a mighty hunter in the sight of the Lord: Whereof came the proverb: he is as Nimrod that mighty hunter in the sight of the Lord. And the beginning of his kingdom was Babell, Erech, Achad, and Chalne in the lande of Sinear: Out of that land came Assur, and builded Ninive, and the city Rehoboth, and Calah, and Ressen between Nineve and Calah. That is a great city. And Mizrim begat Ludim, Enanim, Leabim, Naphtuhim, Pathrusim and Casluhim: from whence came the Philistins, and the Caphtherines.
Canaan also begat Zidon his eldest son and Heth, Jebusi, Emori, Girgosi, Him, Arki, Sini, Arvadi, Zemari and Harmati. And afterward sprang the kindreds of the Cananites. And the coasts of the Cananites were from Sidon till thou come to Gerara and to Asa, and till thou come to Sodoma, Gomorra, Adama, Zeboim, even unto Lasa. These were the children of Ham in their kindreds, tongues, lands and nations.
And Sem the father of all the children of Eber, and the eldest brother of Japheth begat children also. And his sons were: Elam, Assur, Arphachsad, Lud and Aram. And the children of Aram were: Ur, Hul, Gether and Mas. And Arphachsad begat Sala, and Sala begat Eber. And Eber begat two sons. The name of the one was Peleg, for in his time the earth was divided. And the name of his brother was Jaketan.
Jaketan begat Almodad, Saleph, Hizarmoneth, Jarah, Hadoram, Usal, Dikela, Obal,
Abimael, Seba, Ophir, Hevila and Jobab. All these are the sons of Jaketan. And the dwelling of
them was from Mesa until thou come unto Sephara a mountain of the east land. These are the
sons of Sem in their kindreds, languages, countries and nations. These are the kindreds of the sons
of Noe, in their generations and nations. And of these came the people that were in the world
after the flood.
The 11th Chapter
And all the world was of one tongue and one language. And as they came from the east, they found a plain in the land of Sinear, and there they dwelled. And they said one to another: come on, let us make brick and burn it with fire. So brick was their stone and slime was their mortar. And they said: Come on, let us build us a city and a tower, that the top may reach unto heaven. And let us make us a name, for peradventure we shall be scattered abroad over all the earth. And the Lord came down to see the city and the tower which the children of Adam had builded. And the Lord said: See, the people is one, and have one tongue among them all: And this have they begun to do, and will not leave off from all that they have purposed to do. Come on, let us descend, and mingle their tongue even there, that one understand not what another sayeth. Thus the Lord scattered them from there upon all the earth. And they left off to build the city. Wherefore the name of it is called Babell, because that the Lord there confounded the tongue of all the world. And because that the Lord from there scattered them abroad upon all the earth.
These are the generations of Sem: Sem was an hundred years old and begat Arphachsad two years after the flood. And Sem lived after he had beget Arphachsad five hundred years and begat sons and daughters.
And Arphachsad lived thirty five years and begat Sala, and lived after he had beget Sala four hundred years and three and begat sons and daughters. And Sala was thirty years old and begat Eber, and lived after he had beget Eber four hundred and three years, and begat sons and daughters. When Eber was thirty-four years old, he begat Peleg, and lived after he had beget Peleg, four hundred and thirty years, and begat sons and daughters.
And Peleg when he was thirty years old begat Regu, and lived after he had begot Regu two hundred and nine years, and begat sons and daughters. And Regu when he had lived thirty two years begat Serug, and lived after he had begot Serug two hundred and seven years, and begat sons and daughters.
And when Serug was thirty years old, he begat Nahor, and lived after he had begot Nahot two hundred years, and begat sons and daughters. And Nahor when he was twenty nine years old, begat Terah, and lived after he had begot Terah, an hundred and nineteen years, and begat sons and daughters.
And when Terah was seventy years old, he begat Abram, Nahor and Haran.
And these are the generations of Terah. Terah begat Abram, Nahor and Haran. And Haran begat Lot. And Haran died before Terah his father in the land where he was born, at Ur in Chaldea. And Abram and Nahor took them wives. Abram's wife was called Sarai. And Nahor's wife Mylca the daughter of Haran which was father of Milca and of Iisca. But Sarai was barren, and had no child.
Then took Terah Abram his son and Lot his son, Haran's son, and Sarai his daughter in
law, his son Abram's wife. And they went with him from Ur in Chaldea, to go into the land of
Chanaan. And they came to Haran and dwelled there. And when Terah was two hundred years
old and five he died in Haran.
The 12th Chapter
Then the Lord said unto Abram: Get thee out of thy country and from thy
kindred, and out of thy father's house, into a land which I will show thee. And I will make of thee a mighty people, and will bless thee, and make thy name great, that thou mayst be a blessing. And I will bless them that bless thee, and curse them that curse thee. And in thee shall be blessed all the generations of the earth.
And Abram went as the Lord bade him, and Lot went with him. Abram was seventy five years old, when he went out of Haran. And Abram took Sarai his wife and Lot his brother's son, with all their goods which they had gotten, and souls which they had begotten in Haran. And they departed to go into the land of Chanaan. And when they were come into the land of Chanaan, Abram went forth into the land till he came unto a place called Sichem, and unto the oak of More. And the Cananites dwelled then in the land.
Then the Lord appeared unto Abram and said: unto thy seed will I give this land. And he builded an altar there unto the Lord which appeared to him. Then departed he there unto a mountain that lieth on the east side of Bethel and pitched his tent: Bethel being on the west side, and Ay on the east: and he builded there an altar unto the Lord, and called on the name of the Lord. And then Abram departed and took his journey southward.
After this there came a dearth in the land. And Abram went down into Egypt, to sojourn there, for the dearth was sore in the land. And when he was come nigh for to enter into Egypt, he said unto Sarai his wife. Behold, I know that thou art a fair woman to look upon. It will come to pass therefore when the Egyptians see thee, that they will say: she is his wife. And so shall they slay me and save thee. Say I pray thee therefore that thou art my sister, that I may fare the better by reason of thee, and that my soul may live for thy sake.
As soon as he came into Egypt, the Egyptians saw the woman that she was very fair. And Pharao's lords saw her also, and praised her unto Pharao: So that she was taken into Pharao's house, which entreated Abram well for her sake, so that he had sheep, oxen and he asses, men servants, maid servants, she asses and camels.
But God plagued Pharao and his house with great plagues, because of Sarai Abram's wife.
Then Pharao called Abram and said: Why hast thou thus dealt with me? Wherefore toldest thou
me not that she was thy wife? Why saidest thou that she was thy sister, and causedest me to take
her to my wife? But now lo, there is thy wife, take her and be walking. Pharao also gave a charge
unto his men over Abram, to lead him out, with his wife and all that he had.
The 13th Chapter
Then Abram departed out of Egypt both he and his wife and all that he had, and Lot with him unto the south. Abram was very rich in cattle, silver and gold. And he went on his journey from the south even unto Bethel, and unto the place where his tent was at the first time between Bethel and Ay, and unto the place of the altar which he made before. And there called Abram upon the name of the Lord.
Lot also which went with him had sheep, cattle and tents: so that the land was not able to receive them that they might dwell together, for the substance of their riches was so great, that they could not dwell together. And there fell a strife between the herdmen of Abram's cattle, and the herdmen of Lot's cattle. Moreover the Cananites and the Pherisites dwelled at that time in the land. Then said Abram unto Lot: Let there be no strife ( I pray thee ) between thee and me, and between my herdmen and thine, for we be brethren. Is not all the whole land before thee? Depart I pray thee from me. If thou wilt take the left hand, I will take the right: or if thou take the right hand I will take the left. And Lot lift up his eyes, and beheld all the country about Jordan, which was a plenteous country of water every where, before the Lord destroyed Sodom and Gomorra, even as the garden of the Lord, and as the land of Egypt till thou come to Zoar.
Then Lot chose all the coasts of Jordan and took his journey from the east. And so departed the one brother from the other. Abram dwelled in the land of Canaan: And Lot in the cities of the plain, and tented till he came to Sodom. But the men of Sodom were wicked and sinned exceedingly against the Lord.
And the Lord said unto Abram, after that Lot was departed from him: Lift up thine eyes,
and look from the place where thou art, northward, southward, eastward and westward, for all
the land which thou seest will I give unto thee and to thy seed for ever. And I will make thy seed,
as the dust of the earth: so that if a man can number the dust of the earth, then shall thy seed also
be numbered. Arise and walk about in the land, in the length of it and in the breadth, for I will
give it unto thee. Then Abram took down his tent and went and dwelled in the oak grove of
Mamre which is in Ebron, and builded there an altar to the Lord.
The 14th Chapter
And it chanced within a while, that Amraphel king of Sinthr, Arioch king of Ellasar, Kedorlaomer king of Elam and Thydeall king of the nations, made war with Bera king of Sodom, and with Birsa king of Gomorra. And with Sineab king of Adama, and with Semeaber king of Zeboim, and with the king of Bela which Bela is called Zoar. All these came together unto the vale of Siddim, which is now the salt sea. Twelve years were they subject to king Kedorlaomer, and in the thirteenth year rebelled. Therefore in the fourteenth year came Kedorlaomer and the kings that were with him, and smote the Raphaims in Astaroth Karnaim, and the Susims in
Ham, and the Emims in Sabe Kariathaim, and the Horims in their own mount Seir unto the plain of Pharan, which bordereth upon the wilderness. And then turned they and came to the well of judgement which is Cades, and smote all the country of the Amalekites, and also the Amorites that dwell in Hazezon Thamar.
Then went out the king of Sodom, and the king of Gomorra, and the king of Adama and the king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela now called Zoar. And set their men in the array to fight with them in the vale of Siddim, that is to say, with Kedorlaomer the king of Elam and with Thydeall king of the Nations, and with Amraphel king of Sinear. And with Arioch king of Ellasar: four kings against five. And that vale of Siddim was full of slime pits.
And the kings of Sodom and Gomorra fled, and fell there. And the residue fled to the mountains. And they took all the goods of Sodom and Gomorra and all their victuals, and went their way. And they took Lot also, Abram's brother's son and his goods ( for he dwelled at Sodom ) and departed. Then came one that had escaped, and told Abram the Hebrew which dwelt in the oak grove of Mamre the Amorite, brother of Eschol and Aner: which were confederate with Abram. When Abram heard that his brother was taken, he harnessed his servants born in his own house three hundred and eighteen, and followed till they came at Dan. And set himself and his servants in array, and fell upon them by night, and smote them, and chased them away unto Hoba: which lieth on the left hand of Damasco, and brought again all the goods and also his brother Lot, and his goods, the women also and the people.
And as he returned again from the slaughter of Kedorlaomer and of the kings that were with him, then came the king of Sodom to meet him in the vale of Saue, which now is called king's dale.
Then Melchisedech king of Salem brought forth bread and wine. And he being the Priest of the most highest God, blessed him saying: Blessed be Abram unto the most highest God, possessor of heaven and earth. And blessed be God the most highest, which hath delivered thine enemies into thy hands. And Abram gave him tithes of all.
Then said the king of Sodom unto Abram: Give me the souls, and take the goods to thy
self. And Abram answered the king of Sodom: I lift up my hand unto the Lord God most high
possessor of heaven and earth, that I will not take of all that is thine, so much as a thread or a
shoe latchet, lest thou shouldest say, I have made Abram rich. Save only that which the young
men have eaten and the parts of the men which went with me. Aner, Eschol and Mamre. Let them
take their parts.
The 15th Chapter
After these deeds, the word of God came unto Abram in a vision saying: fear not Abram, I am thy shield, and thy reward shall be exceeding great. And Abram answered: Lord Jehovah what wilt thou give me: I go childless, and the cater of mine house, this Eleasar of Damasco hath a son. And Abram said: See, to me hast thou given to seed: lo, a lad born in my house shall be mine heir.
And behold, the word of the Lord spake unto Abram, saying: He shall not be thine heir, but one that shall come out of thine own body shall be thine heir. And he brought him out of the doors, and said: Look up unto heaven, and tell the stars, if thou be able to number them. And said unto him: Even so shall thy seed be.
And Abram believed the Lord, and it was counted to him for righteousness. And he said unto him: I am the Lord that brought thee out of Ur in Chaldea to give thee this land to possess it.
And he said: Lord God, whereby shall I know that I shall possess it? And he said unto him: take an heifer of three years old, and a she goat of three years old, and a three year old ram, a turtle dove and a young pigeon. And he took all these and divided them in the midst, and laid every piece, one against another. But the fowls divided he not. And the birds fell on the carcases, but Abram drove them away. And when the sun was down, there fell a slumber upon Abram. And lo, fear and great darkness came upon him.
And he said unto Abram: know this of a surety, that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land that pertaineth not unto them. And they shall make bondmen of them and entreat them evil four hundred years. But the nation whom they shall serve, will I judge. And afterward shall they come out with great substance. Nevertheless thou shalt go unto thy fathers in peace, and shalt be buried when thou art of a good age: and in the fourth generation they shall come hither again, for the wickedness of the Amorites is not yet full.
When the sun was down and it was waxed dark: behold, there was a smoking furnace and a fire brand that went between the said pieces.
And that same day the Lord made a covenant with Abram saying: unto thy seed will I give
this land, from the river of Egypt, even unto the great river Euphrates, the Kenites, the Kenizites,
the Cadmonites, the Hethites, the Pherezites, the Raphaims, the Amorites, the Cananites, the
Gergesites and the Jebusites.
The 16th Chapter
Sarai Abram's wife bare him no children. But she had an hand maid an Egyptian, whose name was Hagar. Wherefore she said unto Abram: Behold the Lord hath closed me, that I cannot bear. I pray thee go in unto my maid, peradventure I shall be multiplied by means of her. And Abram heard the voice of Sarai. Then Sarai Abram's wife took Hagar her maid the Egyptian (after Abram had dwelled ten years in the land of Canaan) and gave her to her husband Abram, to be his wife.
And he went in unto Hagar, and she conceived. And when she saw that she had conceived: her mistress was despised in her sight. Then said Sarai unto Abram: Thou dost me unright, for I have given my maid into thy bosom: and now because she seeth that she hath conceived, I am despised in her sight: the Lord judge between thee and me. Then said Abram to Sarai: behold, thy maid is in thy hand, do with her as it pleaseth thee.
And because Sarai fared foul with her, she fled from her. And the Angel of the Lord found her beside a fountain of water in the wilderness: even by a well in the way to Sur. And he said: Hagar Sarai's maid, whence comest thou and where ever wilt thou go? And she answered: I flee from my mistress Sarai. And the Angel of the Lord said unto her: return to thy mistress again, and submit thyself under her hands.
And the angel of the Lord said unto her: I will so increase thy seed, that it shall not be
numbered for multitude. And the Lord's angel said further unto her: see, thou art with child and
shalt bear a son, and shalt call his name Ismael: because the Lord hath heard thy tribulation. He
will be a wild man, and his hand will be against every man, and every man's hand against him. And
yet shall he dwell fast by all his brethren. And she called the name of the Lord that spake unto her:
thou art the God that lookest on me, for she said: I have of a surety seen here the back parts of
him that seeth me. Wherefore she called the well, the well of the living that seeth me which well is
between Cades and Bared. And Hagar bare Abram a son, and Abram called his son's name which
Hagar bare Ismael. And Abram was eighty six years old when Hagar bare him Ismael.
The 17th Chapter
When Abram was ninety years old and nine, the Lord appeared to him saying: I am the almighty God: walk before me and be uncorrupt. And I will make my bond between thee and me, and will multiply thee exceedingly. And Abram fell on his face. And God talked moreover with him saying: I am, behold my testament is with thee, that thou shalt be a father of many nations. Therefore, shalt thou no more be called Abram, but thy name shall be Abraham: for a father of many nations have I made thee, and I will multiply thee exceedingly, and will make nations of thee: yea and kings shall spring out of thee. Moreover I will make my bond between me and thee, and thy seed after thee, in their times to be an everlasting testament, so that I will be God unto thee and to thy seed after thee. And I will give unto thee and to thy seed after thee, the land wherein thou art a stranger: even all the land of Canaan, for an everlasting possession, and will be their God.
And God said unto Abraham: See thou keep my testament, both thou and thy seed after thee in their times: This is my testament which ye shall keep between me and you and thy seed after thee, that ye circumcise all your men children. Ye shall circumcise the foreskin of your flesh, and it shall be a token of the bond betwixt me and you. And every manchild when it is eight days old, shall be circumcised among you in your generations, and all servants also born at home or bought with money though they be strangers and not of thy seed. The servant born in thy house, and he also that is bought with money, must needs be circumcised, that my testament may be in your flesh, for an everlasting bond. If there be any uncircumcised manchild, that hath not the foreskin of his flesh cut off, his soul shall perish from his people: because he hath broken my testament. And God said unto Abraham. Sarai thy wife shall no more be called Sarai: but Sara shall her name be. For I will bless her and give thee a son of her and will bless her: so that people, yea and kings of people shall spring of her. And Abraham fell upon his face and laughed, and said in his heart: shall a child be born unto him that is an hundred years old, and shall Sara that is ninety years old, bear: And Abraham said unto God. O that Ismael might live in thy sight.
Then said God: nay, Sara thy wife shall bear thee a son in deed and thou shalt call his name Isaac. And I will make my bond with him, that it shall be an everlasting bond unto his seed after him. And as concerning Ismael also, I have heard thy request: lo, I will bless him and increase him, and multiply him exceedingly. Twelve princes shall he beget, and I will make a great nation of him. But my bond will I make with Isaac, which Sara shall bear unto thee: even this time twelve month.
And God left off talking with him, and departed up from Abraham. And Abraham took
Ismael his son and all the servants born in his house and all that was bought with money as many
as were men children among the men of Abraham's house, and circumcised the foreskin of their
flesh, even the selfsame day, as God had said unto him. Abraham was ninety years old and nine
when he cut off the foreskin of his flesh. And Ismael his son was thirteen years old, when the
foreskin of his flesh was circumcised. The self same day was Abraham circumcised and Ismael his
son. And all the men in his house, whether they were born in his house or bought with money
(though they were strangers) were circumcised with him.
The 18th Chapter
And the Lord appeared unto him in the oak grove of Mamre as he sat in his tent door in the heat of the day. And he lifted up his eyes and looked: and lo, three men stood not far from him. And when he saw them, he ran to meet them from the tent door, and fell to the ground and said: Lord if I have found favour in thy sight: go not by thy servant. Let a little water be fetched, and wash your feet, and rest yourselves under the tree: And I will fetch a morsel of bread, to comfort your hearts withal. And then go your ways, for even therefore are ye come to your servant. And they answered: Do even so as thou hast said. And Abraham went a pace into his tent unto Sara and said: make ready at once three pecks of fine meal, knead it, and make cakes. And Abraham ran unto his beasts and fetched a calf that was tender and good, and gave it unto a young man which made it ready at once. And he took butter and milk and the calf which he had prepared, and set it before them, and stood himself by them under the tree: and they ate.
And they said unto him: Where is Sara thy wife ? And he said: in the tent. And he said: I will come again unto thee as soon as the fruit can live. And lo: Sara thy wife shall have a son. That heard Sara, out of the tent door which was behind his back. Abraham and Sara were both old and well stricken in age, and it ceased to be with Sara after the manner as it is with wives. And Sara laughed in her self saying: Now I am waxed old, shall I give my self to lust, and my lord old also? Then said the Lord unto Abraham: wherefore doth Sara laugh saying: shall I of a surety bear a child, now when I am old? is the thing too hard for the Lord to do? In the time appointed will I return unto thee, as soon as the fruit can have life, And Sara shall have a son. Then Sara denied it saying: I laughed not, for she was afraid. But he said: yes thou laughtest. Then the men stood up from there and looked toward Sodom. And Abraham went with them to bring them on the way. And the Lord said: Can I hide from Abraham that thing which I am about to do, seeing that Abraham shall be a great and a mighty people, and all the nations of the earth shall be blessed in him? For I know him that he will command his children and his household after him, that they keep the way of the Lord, to do after right and conscience, that the Lord may bring upon Abraham that he hath promised him.
And the Lord said: The cry of Sodom and Gomorra is great, and their sin is exceeding grievous. I will go down and see whether they have done altogether according to that cry which is come unto me or not, that I may know. And the men departed there and went to Sodomward. But Abraham stood yet before the Lord, and drew near and said. Wilt thou destroy the righteous with the wicked? If there be fifty righteous within the city, wilt thou destroy it and not spare the place for the sake of fifty righteous that are therein? That be far from thee, that thou shouldest do after this manner, to slay the righteous with the wicked, and that the righteous should be as the wicked: that be far from thee. Should not the judge of all the world do according to right? And the Lord said: If I find in Sodom fifty righteous within the city, I will spare all the place for their sakes.
And Abraham answered and said: behold I have taken upon me to speak unto the Lord, and yet am but dust and ashes. What though there lack five of fifty righteous, wilt thou destroy all the city for lack of five? And he said: If I find there forty and five I will not destroy them.
And he spake unto him yet again and said: what if there be forty found there. And he said: I will
not do it for forty's sake. And he said: O' let not my Lord be angry, that I speak. What if there be
found thirty there? And he said: I will not do it, if I find thirty there. And he said: Oh, see, I have
begun to speak unto my Lord, what if there be twenty found there? And he said: I will not destroy
them for twenty's sake. And he said: O' let not my Lord be angry, that I speak yet, but even once
more only. What if ten be found there? And he said: I will not destroy them for ten's sake. And the
Lord went his way as soon as he had left communing with Abraham. And Abraham returned unto
The 19th Chapter
And there came two angels to Sodom at even. And Lot sat at the gate of the city. And Lot saw them, and rose up to meet them, and he bowed himself to the ground with his face. And he said: See lords, turn in I pray you in to your servant's house and tarry all night and wash your feet, and rise up early and go on your ways. And they said: nay, but we will bide in the streets all night. And he compelled them exceedingly. And they turned in unto him and entered into his house, and he made them a feast and did bake sweet cakes, and they ate. But before they went to rest, the men of the city of Sodom compassed the house round about both old and young, all the people from all quarters. And they called unto Lot and said unto him: where are the men which came into thy house to night ? bring them out unto us that we may do our lust with them.
And Lot went out at doors unto them and shut the door after him and said: nay for God's sake brethren, do not so wickedly. Behold I have two daughters which have known no man, them will I bring out unto you: do with them as it seemeth you good: Only unto these men do nothing, for therefore came they under the shadow of my roof. And they said: come hither. And they said: camest thou not in to sojourn, and wilt thou be now a judge? we will surely deal worse with thee than with them.
And as they pressed sore upon Lot and began to break up the door, the men put forth their hands and pulled Lot into the house to them and shut to the door. And the men that were at the door of the house, they smote with blindness both small and great: so that they could not find the door. And the men said moreover unto Lot: If thou have yet here any son in law or sons or daughters or whatsoever thou hast in the city, bring it out of this place: for we must destroy this place, because the cry of them is great before the Lord. Wherefore he hath sent us to destroy it.
And Lot went out and spake unto his sons in law which should have married his daughters, and said: stand up and get you out of this place, for the Lord will destroy the city. But he seemed as though he had mocked, unto his sons in law. And as the morning arose the angels caused Lot to speed him saying. Stand up, take thy wife and thy two daughters and that that is at hand, lest thou perish in the sin of the city. And as he prolonged the time, the men caught both him, his wife and his two daughters by the hands, because the Lord was merciful unto him, and they brought him forth and set him without the city. When they had brought them out, they said: Save thy life and look not behind thee neither tarry thou in any place of the country, but save thyself in the mountain, lest thou perish. Then said Lot unto them: O' nay my Lord: behold, inasmuch as thy servant hath found grace in thy sight, now make thy mercy great, which thou shewest unto me in saving my life. For I cannot save myself in the mountains, lest some misfortune fall upon me and I die. Behold, here is a city by, to flee unto, and it is a little one, let me save myself therein: is it not a little one, that my soul may live? And he said to him: see I have received thy request as concerning this thing, that I will not overthrow this city for the which thou hast spoken. Haste thee, and save thyself there, for I can do nothing till thou be come in thither. And therefore the name of the city is called Zoar. And the sun was upon the earth when Lot was entered into Zoar.
Then the Lord rained upon Sodom and Gomorra, brimstone and fire from the Lord out of heaven, and overthrew those cities and all the region, and all that dwelled in the cities, and that that grew upon the earth. And Lot's wife looked behind her, and was turned in to a pillar of salt.
Abraham rose up early and got him to the place where he stood before the Lord, and looked toward Sodom and Gomorra and toward all the land of that country. And as he looked: behold, the smoke of the country arose as it had been the smoke of a furnace. But yet when God destroyed the cities of the region, he thought upon Abraham: and sent Lot out from the danger of the overthrowing, when he overthrew the cities where Lot dwelled.
And Lot departed out of Zoar and dwelled in the mountains and his two daughters with him for he feared to tarry in Zoar: he dwelled therefore in a cave, both he and his two daughters also. Then said the elder unto the younger: our father is old, and there are no more men in the earth to come in unto us after the manner of all the world. Come therefore, let us give our father wine to drink, and let us lie with him that we may save seed of our father. And they gave their father wine to drink that same night. And the elder daughter went and lay with her father. And he perceived it not, neither when she lay down, neither when she rose up.
And on the morrow the elder said unto the younger: behold, yesternight lay I with my
father. Let us give him wine to drink this night also, and go thou and lie with him, and let us save
seed of our father. And they gave their father wine to drink that night also. And the younger arose
and lay with him. And he perceived it not: neither when she lay down, neither when she rose up.
Thus were both the daughters of Lot with child by their father. And the elder bare a son and
called him Moab, which is the father of the Moabites unto this day. And the younger bare a son
and called him Ben Ammi, which is the father of the children of Ammon unto this day.
The 20th Chapter
And Abraham departed there toward the south country and dwelled between Cades and Sur and sojourned in Gerar. And Abraham said of Sara his wife, that she was his sister. Then Abimelech king of Gerar sent and fetched Sara away.
And God came to Abimelech by night in a dream and said to him: See, thou art but a dead man for the woman's sake which thou hast taken away, for she is a man s wife. But Abimelech had not yet come nigh her, and therefore said: Lord wilt thou slay righteous people? said not he unto me, that she was his sister? yea and said not she herself that he was her brother? with a pure heart and innocent hands have I done this. And God said unto him in a dream. I know it well that thou didest it in pureness of thy heart. And therefore I kept thee that thou shouldest not sin against me, neither *suffered (allowed) I thee to come nigh her. Now therefore deliver the man his wife again, for he is a prophet. And let him pray for thee that thou mayst live. But and if thou deliver her not again, be sure that thou shalt die the death, with all that thou hast.
Then Abimelech rose up be times in the morning and called all his servants, and told all these things in their ears, and the men were sore afraid. And Abimelech called Abraham and said unto him: What hast thou done unto us, and what have I offended thee, that thou shouldest bring on me and on my kingdom so great a sin? thou hast done deeds unto me that ought not to be done. And Abimelech said moreover unto Abraham: What sawest thou that moved thee to do this thing?
And Abraham answered. I thought that peradventure the fear of God was not in this place, and that they should slay me for my wife's sake: yet in very deed she is my sister, the daughter of my father, but not of my mother: and became my wife. And after God caused me to wander out of my father's house, I said unto her: This kindness shalt thou shew unto me in all places where we come, that thou say of me, how that I am thy brother.
Then took Abimelech sheep and oxen, menservants and womenservants and gave them unto Abraham, and delivered him Sara his wife again. And Abimelech said: behold the land lieth before thee, dwell where it pleaseth thee best. And unto Sara he said: See I have given thy brother a thousand pieces of silver, behold this thing shall be a covering to thines eyes unto all that are with thee and unto all men and an excuse.
And so Abraham prayed unto God, and God healed Abimelech and his wife and his
maidens, so that they bare. For the Lord had closed too, all the matrices of the house of
Abimelech, because of Sara Abraham's wife.
The 21st Chapter
The Lord visited Sara as he had said and did unto her according as he had promised. And Sara was with child and bare Abraham a son in his old age even the same season which the Lord had appointed. And Abraham called his son's name that was born unto him which Sara bare him Isaac and Abraham circumcised Isaac his son when he was eight days old, as God commanded him. And Abraham was an hundred years old, when his son Isaac was born unto him. And Sara said: God hath made me a laughing stock: for all that hear, will laugh at me. She said also: who would have said unto Abraham, that Sara should have given children suck, or that I should have borne him a son in his old age: The child grew and was weaned, and Abraham made a great feast, the same day that Isaac was weaned. Sara saw the son of Hagar the Egyptian which she had borne unto Abraham, a mocking. Then she said unto Abraham: put away this bondmaid and her son: for the son of this bondwoman shall not be heir with my son Isaac: But the word seemed very grievous in Abraham's sight, because of his son. Then the Lord said unto Abraham: let it not be grievous unto thee, because of the lad and of thy bondmaid: But in all that Sara hath said unto thee, hear her voice, for in Isaac shall thy seed be called. Moreover of the son of the bondwoman will I make a nation, because he is thy seed.
And Abraham rose up early in the morning and took bread and a bottle with water, and gave it unto Hagar, putting it on her shoulders with the lad also, and sent her away. And she departed and wandered up and down in the wilderness of Berseba. When the water was spent that was in the bottle, she cast the lad under a bush and went and sat her out of sight a great way, as it were a bowshot off: For she said: I will not see the lad die. And she sat down out of sight, and lifted up her voice and wept.
And God heard the voice of the child. And the angel of God called Hagar out of heaven and said unto her: What aileth thee Hagar? Fear not, for God hath heard the voice of the child where he lieth. Arise and lift up the lad, and take him in thy hand, for I will make of him a great people. And God opened her eyes and she saw a well of water. And she went and filled the bottle with water, and gave the boy drink. And God was with the lad, and he grew and dwelled in the wilderness, and became an archer. And he dwelled in the wilderness of Pharan. And his mother got him a wife out of the land of Egypt.
And it chanced the same season, that Abimelech and Phicol his chief captain spake unto Abraham saying: God is with thee in all that thou doest. Now therefore swear unto me even here by God, that thou wilt not hurt me nor my children, nor my children's children. But that thou shalt deal with me and the country where thou art a stranger, according unto the kindness that I have shewed thee. Then said Abraham: I will swear.
And Abraham rebuked Abimelech for a well of water, which Abimelech's servants had
taken away. And Abimelech answered I know not who did it: Also thou toldest me not, neither
heard I of it, but this day. And Abraham took sheep and oxen and gave them unto Abimelech.
And they made both of them a bond together. And Abraham set seven lambs by themselves. And
Abimelech said unto Abraham: what mean these seven lambs which thou hast set by themselves.
And he answered: seven lambs shalt thou take of my hand, that it may be a witness unto me, that I
have digged this well: Wherefore the place is called Berseba, because they sware both of them.
Thus made they a bond together at Berseba. Then Abimelech and Phicol his chief Captain rose up
and turned again unto the land of the Philistines. And Abraham planted a wood in Berseba, and
called there, on the name of the Lord, the everlasting God: and dwelt in the Philistine land a long
The 22nd Chapter
After these deeds, God did prove Abraham and said unto him: Abraham. And he answered: here am I. And he said: take thy only son Isaac whom thou lovest, and get thee unto the land of Moria, and sacrifice him there for a sacrifice upon one of the mountains which I will shew thee. Then Abraham rose up early in the morning and saddled his ass, and took two of his *meiny (many / OE mein; like minded) with him, and Isaac his son: and clove wood for the sacrifice, and rose up and got him to the place which God had appointed him.
The third day Abraham lifted up his eyes and saw the place afar off, and said unto his young men: bide here with the ass. I and the lad will go yonder and worship and come again unto you. And Abraham took the wood of the sacrifice and laid it upon Isaac his son, and took fire in his hand and a knife. And they went both of them together.
Then spake Isaac unto Abraham his father and said: My father? And he answered here am I my son. And he said: See here is fire and wood, but where is the sheep for sacrifice? And Abraham said: my son, God will provide him a sheep for sacrifice. So went they both together.
And when they came unto the place which God showed him, Abraham made an altar there and dressed the wood, and bound Isaac his son and laid him on the altar, above upon the wood. And Abraham stretched forth his hand, and took the knife to have killed his son. Then the angel of the Lord called unto him from heaven saying: Abraham, Abraham? And he answered: here am I. And he said: lay not thy hands upon the child, neither do anything at all unto him, for now I know that thou fearest God, in that thou hast not kept thine only son from me. And Abraham lifted up his eyes and looked about: and behold, there was a ram caught by the horns in a thicket. And he went and took the ram and offered him up for a sacrifice in the stead of his son. And Abraham called the name of the place, the Lord will see: wherefore it is a common saying this day: in the mount will the Lord be seen.
And the angel of the Lord cried unto Abraham from heaven the second time saying: by
myself have I sworn (saith the Lord) because thou hast done this thing and hast not spared thy
only son, that I will bless thee and multiply thy seed as the stars of heaven and as the sand upon
the sea side. And thy seed shall possess the gates of his enemies. And in thy seed shall all the
nations of the earth be blessed, because thou hast obeyed my voice. So turned Abraham again
unto his young men, and they rose up and went together to Berseba. And Abraham dwelt at
Berseba. And it chanced after these things, that one told Abraham saying: Behold, Milcha she hath
also born children unto thy brother Nachor: Hus his eldest son and Bus his brother, and Kemuel
the father of the Sirians, and Cesed, and Haso, and Pildas, and Jedlaph, and Bethuel. And Bethuel
begat Rebecca. These eight did Milcha bear to Nachor Abraham's brother. And his concubine
called Rheuma she bare also Tebah, Gaham, Thaas and Maacha.
The 23rd Chapter
Sara was an hundred and twenty seven years old (for so long lived she) and then died in a head city called Hebron in the land of Canaan. Then Abraham came to mourn Sara, and to weep for her. And Abraham stood up from the corpse, and talked with the sons of Heth saying: I am a stranger and a foreigner among you, give me a possession to bury in with you, that I may bury my dead out of my sight. And the children of Heth answered Abraham saying unto him: Hear us Lord, thou art a prince of God among us. In the chiefest of our sepulchres bury thy dead: None of us shall forbid thee his sepulchre, that thou shouldest not bury thy dead therein. Abraham stood up, and bowed himself before the people of the land the children of Heth. And he communed with them saying: If it be your minds that I shall bury my dead out of my sight, hear me and speak for me to Ephron the son of Zoar: and let him give me the double cave which he hath in the end of his field, for as much money as it is worth, let him give it me in the presence of you, for a possession to bury in. For Ephron dwelled among the children of Heth.
Then Ephron the Hethite answered Abraham in the audience of the children of Heth and of
all that went in at the gates of his city, saying: Not so, my lord, but hear me: The field give I thee,
and the cave that therein is give I thee also: And even in the presence of the sons of my people
give I it thee to bury thy dead in. Then Abraham bowed himself before the people of the land, and
spake unto Ephron in the audience of the people of the country saying: I pray thee hear me, I will
give silver for the field, take it of me, and so will I bury my dead there. Ephron answered
Abraham saying unto him: My lord, hearken unto me. The land is worth four hundred sickles of
silver: But what is that betwixt thee and me? bury thy dead. And Abraham hearkened unto Ephron
and weighed him the silver which he had said in the audience of the sons of Heth. Even four
hundred silver sickles of current money among merchants. Thus was the field of Ephron wherein
the double cave is before Mamre:even the field and the cave that is therein and all the trees of the
field which grow in all the borders round about, made sure unto Abraham for a possession, in the
sight of the children of Heth, and of all that went in at the gates of the city. And then Abraham
buried Sara his wife in the double cave of the field that lieth before Mamre, otherwise called
Ebron in the land of Canaan. And so both the field and the cave that is therein, was made unto
Abraham, a sure possession to bury in, of the sons of Heth.
The 24th Chapter
Abraham was old and stricken in days, and the Lord had blessed him in all things. And he said unto his eldest servant of his house which had the rule over all that he had: Put thy hand under my thigh that I may make thee swear by the Lord that is God of heaven and God of the earth, that thou shalt not take a wife unto my son, of the daughters of the Cananites, among which I dwell. But shalt go unto my country and to my kindred, and there take a wife unto my son Isaac.
Then said the servant unto him: what and if the woman will not agree to come with me unto this land, shall I bring thy son again unto the land which thou camest out of? And Abraham said unto him: beware of that, that thou bring not my son thither. The Lord God of heaven which took me from my father's house and from the land where I was born, and which spake unto me and sware unto me saying: unto thy seed will I give this land, he shall send his angel before thee, that thou mayest take a wife unto my son from there. Nevertheless if the woman will not agree to come with thee then shalt thou be without danger of this oath. But above all things bring not my son thither again. And the servant put his hand under the thigh of Abraham and sware to him as concerning that matter. And the servant took ten camels of the camels of his master and departed, and had of all manner goods of his master with him, and stood up and went to Mesopotamia, unto the city of Nahor. And made his camels to lie down without the city by a well's side of water, at even: about the time that women come out to draw water, and he said.
Lord God of my master Abraham, send me good speed this day, and show mercy unto my master Abraham. Lo I stand here by the well of water and the daughters of the men of this city will come out to draw water: Now the damsel to whom I say, stoop down thy pitcher, and let me drink. If she say: Drink, and I will give thy camels drink also, the same is she that thou hast ordained for thy servant Isaac: yea and thereby shall I know that thou hast shewed mercy on my master. And it came to pass before he had left speaking, that Rebecca came out, the daughter of Bethuel, son to Mylca the wife of Nahor Abraham's brother, and her pitcher upon her shoulder: The damsel was very fair to look upon, and yet a maid and unknown of man. And she went down to the well and filled her pitcher and came up again. Then the servant ran unto her and said: let me sip a little water of thy pitcher. And she said: drink my lord.
And she hasted and let down her pitcher upon her arm and gave him drink. And when she had given him drink, she said: I will draw water for thy camels also, until they have drunk enough. And she poured out her pitcher into the trough hastily, and ran again unto thewell, to fetch water: and drew for all his camels. And the fellow wondered at her. But held his peace, to know whether the Lord had made his journey prosperous or not. And as the camels had left drinking, he took an earring of half a sickle weight, and two bracelets for her hands, of ten sickles weight of gold, and said unto her: Whose daughter art thou ? tell me: is there room in thy father's house, for us to lodge in? And she said unto him: I am the daughter of Bethuel the son of Mylca which she bare unto Nahor: and said moreover unto him: we have litter(straw) and provender (food/provisions for cattle) enough and also room to lodge in.
And the man bowed himself, and worshipped the Lord, and said: blessed be the Lord God of my master Abraham which ceaseth not to deal mercifully and truly with my master, And hath brought me the way to my master's brother's house. And the damsel ran and told them of her mother's house these things. And Rebecca had a brother called Laban.
And Laban ran out unto the man, to the well: for as soon as he had seen the earrings and the bracelets upon his sister's hands, and heard the words of Rebecca his sister saying thus said the man unto me, then he went out unto the man. And lo, he stood yet with the camels by the well side. And Laban said: come in thou blessed of the Lord. Wherefore standest thou without? I have dressed the house, and made room for the camels. And then the man came into the house: and he unbridled the camels: and brought litter and provender for the camels, and water to wash his feet and their feet that were with him, and there was meat set before him to eat. But he said: I will not eat, until I have said mine errand. And he said: say on, And he said: I am Abraham's servant, and the Lord hath blessed my master out of measure, that he is become great and hath given him sheep, oxen, silver and gold, menservants, maidservants, camels and asses. And Sara my master's wife bare him a son, when she was old: and unto him hath he given all that he hath.
And my master made me swear saying: Thou shalt not take a wife to my son among the daughters of the Cananites in whose land I dwell. But thou shalt go unto my father's house and to my kindred, and there take a wife unto my son. And I said unto my master: What if the wife will not follow me? And he said unto me: The Lord before whom I walk, will send his angel with thee, and prosper thy journey that thou shalt take a wife for my son, of my kindred and of my father's house. But and if (when thou comest unto my kindred) they will not give thee one, then shalt thou bear no peril of mine oath.
And I came this day unto the well and said: O' Lord, the God of my master Abraham, if it be so that thou makest my journey which I go, prosperous: behold, I stand by this well of water, and when a virgin cometh forth to draw water, and I say to her: give me a little water of thy pitcher to drink, and she say again to me: drink thou, and I will also draw water for thy camels: that same is the wife, whom the Lord hath prepared for my master's son.
And before I had made an end of speaking in mine heart: behold Rebecca came forth, and her pitcher on her shoulder, and she went down unto the well and drew. And I said unto her give me drink. And she made haste, and took down her pitcher from off her, and said: drink, and I will give thy camels drink also. And I drank, and she gave the camels drink also. And I asked her saying: whose daughter art thou? And she answered: the daughter of Bathuel Nahor's son, whom Mylca bare unto him. And I put the earring upon her face and the bracelets upon her hands. And I bowed myself, and worshipped the Lord, and blessed the Lord God of my master Abraham which had brought me the right way, to take my master's brother's daughter unto his son. Now therefore if ye will deal mercifully and truly with my master, tell me: And if not, tell me also: that I may turn me to the right hand or to the left.
Then answered Laban and Bathuel saying: The thing is proceeded even out of the Lord, we cannot therefore say unto thee, either good or bad: Behold Rebecca before thy face, take her and go, and let her be thy master's son s wife, even as the Lord hath said. And when Abraham's servant heard their words, he bowed himself unto the Lord, flat upon the earth. And the servant took forth jewels of silver and jewels of gold and raiment, and gave them to Rebecca: But unto her brother and to her mother, he gave spices. And then they ate and drank, both he and the men that were with him, and tarried all night and rose up in the morning.
And he said: let me depart unto my master. But her brother and her mother said: let the damsel abide with us a while, and it be but even ten days, and then go thy ways. And he said unto them, hinder me not, for the Lord hath prospered my journey. Send me away that I may go unto my master. And they said: let us call the damsel, and know what she saith to the matter. And they called forth Rebecca, and said unto her: wilt thou go with this man ? And she said: Yea.
So they let Rebecca their sister go with her nurse and Abraham's servant, and the men that were with him. And they blessed Rebecca, and said unto her: Thou art our sister, grow into thousand thousands, and thy seed possess the gates of their enemies. And Rebecca arose and her damsels, and sat them up upon the camels, and went their way after the man. And the servant took Rebecca, and went his way.
And Isaac was a coming from the well of the living and seeing, for he dwelt in the south
country, and was gone out to walk in his meditations before the even tide. And he lifted up his
eyes and looked, and behold the camels were coming. And Rebecca lifted up her eyes, and when
she saw Isaac, she lighted off the camel, and said unto the servant: what man is this that cometh
against us in the field ? And the servant said: it is my master. And then she took her mantle, and
put it about her. And the servant told Isaac all that he had done. Then Isaac brought her in to his
mother Sara's tent, and took Rebecca, and she became his wife, and he loved her: and so was
Isaac comforted over his mother.
The 25th Chapter
Abraham took him another wife called Ketura, which bare him Simran, Jacksan, Medan, Midian, Jesback and Suah. And Jacksan begat Seba and Dedan. And the sons of Dedan were Assurim, Letusim and Leumim. And the sons of Midian were Epha, Epher, Hanoch, Abida and Elda. All these were the children of Ketura. But Abraham gave all that he had unto Isaac. And unto the sons of his concubines he gave gifts, and sent them away from Isaac his son (while he yet lived) eastward, unto the east country.
These are the days of the life of Abraham which he lived: an hundred and seventy five years and then fell sick and died, in a lusty age (when he had lived enough) and was put unto his people. And his sons Isaac and Ismael buried him in the double cave in the field of Ephron son of Zoar the Hethite before Mamre. Which field Abraham bought of the sons of Heth: There was Abraham buried and Sara his wife. And after the death of Abraham God blessed Isaac his son, which dwelled by the well of the living and seeing.
These are the generations of Ismael Abraham's son, which Hagar the Egyptian Sara's handmaid bare unto Abraham. And these are the names of the sons of Ismael, with their names in their kindreds. The eldest son of Ismael, Nevaioth, then Cedar, Adbeel, Mibsam, Misma, Duma, Masa, Hadar, Thema, Jetur, Naphis and Kedma. These are the sons of Ismael, and these are their names, in their towns and castles twelve princes of nations. And these are the years of the life of Ismael, an hundred and thirty seven years, and then he fell sick and died, and was laid unto his people. And he dwelt from Evila unto Sur that is before Egypt, as men go toward the Assyrians. And he died in the presence of all his brethren.
And these are the generations of Isaac Abraham's son: Abraham begat Isaac. And Isaac was forty years old when he took Rebecca to wife the daughter of Bethuel the Sirian of Mesopotamia and sister to Laban the Sirian.
And Isaac made intercession unto the Lord for his wife: because she was barren: and the Lord was entreated of him, and Rebecca his wife conceived: and the children strove together within her. Then she said: if it should go so to pass, what helpeth it that I am with child ? And she went and asked the Lord. And the Lord said unto her: there are two manner of people in thy womb, and two nations shall spring out of thy bowels, and the one nation shall be mightier than the other, and the eldest shall be servant unto the younger.
And when her time was come to be delivered: behold there were two twins in her womb. And he that came out first was red and rough over all as it were an hide: and they called his name Esau. And afterward his brother came out, and his hand holding Esau by the heel. Wherefore his name was called Jacob. And Isaac was forty years old when she bare them: and the boys grew, and Esau became a cunning hunter and a tillman. But Jacob was a simple man, and dwelled in the tents. Isaac loved Esau, because he did eat of his venison, but Rebecca loved Jacob.
Jacob boiled pottage, and Esau came from the field and was fainty, and said to Jacob: let
me sip of the red pottage, for I am fainty. And therefore was his name called Edom. And Jacob
said: sell me this day thy birthright. And Esau answered: Lo I am at the point to die, and what
profit shall this birthright do me? And Jacob said: swear to me then this day. And he swore to
him, and sold his birthright unto Jacob. Then Jacob gave Esau bread and pottage of red rice. And
he ate and drank and rose up, and went his way. And so Esau regarded not his birthright.
The 26th Chapter
And there fell a dearth in the land, passing the first dearth that fell in the days of Abraham. Wherefore Isaac went unto Abimelech king of the Philistines unto Gerar. Then the Lord appeared unto him, and said: go not down into Egypt, but bide in the land which I say unto thee: sojourn in this land, and I will be with thee, and will bless thee: for unto thee and unto thy seed I will give all these countries. And I will perform the oath which I swore unto Abraham thy father, and will multiply thy seed as the stars of heaven, and will give unto thy seed all these countries. And through thy seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed, because that Abraham hearkened unto my voice and kept mine ordinances, commandments, statutes and laws.
And Isaac dwelled in Gerar. And the men of the place asked him of his wife, and he said that she was his sister: for he feared to call her his wife, lest the men of the place should have killed him for her sake, because she was beautiful to the eye. And it happened after he had been there long time, that Abimelech king of the Philistines looked out at a window, and saw Isaac sporting with Rebecca his wife. And Abimelech sent for Isaac, and said: see, she is of a surety thy wife, and why saidest thou that she was thy sister? And Isaac said unto him: I thought that I might peradventure have died for her sake. Then said Abimelech: why hast thou done this unto us ? one of the people might lightly have lain by thy wife, and so shouldest thou have brought sin upon us. Then Abimelech charged all his people, saying: he that toucheth this man or his wife, shall surely die for it.
And Isaac sowed in the land, and found in the same year an hundred bushels: for the Lord blessed him, and the man waxed mighty, and went forth and grew till he was exceeding great, that he had possession of sheep, of oxen and a mighty household: so that the Philistines had envy at him: Insomuch that they stopped and filled up with earth, all the wells which his father's servants digged in his father Abraham's time. Then said Abimelech unto Isaac: get thee from me, for thou art mightier than we a great deal. Then Isaac departed there, and pitched his tent in the valley Gerar, and dwelt there. And Isaac digged again, the wells of water which they digged in the days of Abraham his father, which the Philistines had stopped after the death of Abraham, and gave them the same names which his father gave them. As Isaac's servants digged in the valley, they found a well of living water. And the herdmen of Gerar did strive with Isaac's herdmen saying: the water is ours. Then called he the well Eseck, because they strove with him.
Then digged they another well, and they strove for that also. Therefore called he it Sitena. And then he departed there, and digged another well for the which they strove not: therefore called he it Rehoboth, saying: the Lord hath now made us room, and we are increased upon the earth. Afterward departed he there and came to Berseba. And the Lord appeared unto him the same night, and said: I am the God of Abraham thy father, fear not for I am with thee, and will bless thee, and multiply thy seed for my servant Abraham's sake. And then he builded an altar there, and called upon the name of the Lord, and there pitched his tent. And there Isaac's servants digged a well.
Then came Abimelech to him from Gerar and Ahusath his friend and Phicoll his chief
captain. And Isaac said unto them: wherefore come ye to me, seeing ye hate me and have put me
away from you? Then said they: we saw that the Lord was with thee, and therefore we said that
there should be an oath betwixt us and thee, and that we would make a bond with thee, that thou
shouldest do us no hurt, as we have not touched thee, and have done unto thee nothing but good,
and send thee away in peace: for thou art now the blessed of the Lord. And he made them a feast,
and they ate and drank. And they rose up by times in the morning, and sware one to another. And
Isaac sent them away. And they departed from him in peace. And the same day came Isaac's
servants, and told him of a well which they had digged: and said unto him, that they had found
water. And he called it Seba, wherefore the name of the city is called Berseba unto this day.
The 27th Chapter
When Esau was forty years old, he took to wife Judith the daughter of Bery an Hethite, and Basmath the daughter of Elon an Hethite also, which were disobedient unto Isaac and Rebecca. And it came to pass that Isaac waxed old and his eyes were dim, so that he could not see. Then called he Esau his eldest son and said unto him: my son. And he said unto him: here am I. And he said: behold, I am old and know not the day of my death: Now therefore take thy weapons, thy quiver and thy bow, and get thee to the fields, and take me some venison, and make me meat such as I love, and bring it me, and let me eat that my soul may bless thee before that I die. But Rebecca heard when Isaac spoke to Esau his son. And as soon as Esau was gone to the field to catch venison, and to bring it, she spake unto Jacob her son saying: Behold I have heard thy father talking with Esau thy brother and saying: bring me venison and make me meat, that I may eat and bless thee before the Lord before I die. Now therefore my son hear my voice in that which I command thee: get thee to the flock, and bring me here two good kids, and I will make meat of them for thy father, such as he loveth. And thou shalt bring it to thy father, and he shall eat, that he may bless thee before his death.
Then said Jacob to Rebecca his mother: Behold Esau my brother is rough and I am smooth. My father shall peradventure feel me, and I shall seem unto him as though I went about to beguile him, and so shall he bring a curse upon me, and not a blessing: and his mother said unto him. Upon me be thy curse my son, only hear my voice, and go and fetch me them. And Jacob went and fetched them, and brought them to his mother. And his mother made meat of them, according as his father loved. And she went and fetched goodly raiment of her eldest son Esau, which she had in the house with her, and put them upon Jacob her youngest son, and she put the skins upon his hands and upon the smooth of his neck. And she put the meat and bread which she had made in the hand of her son Jacob.
And he went in to his father saying: my father? And he answered: here am I, who art thou my son? And Jacob said unto his father: I am Esau thy eldest son, I have done according as thou baddest me: up and sit and eat of my venison, that thy soul may bless me. But Isaac said unto his son: How cometh it that thou hast found it so quickly my son? He answered: The Lord thy God brought it to my hand. Then said Isaac unto Jacob: come near and let me feel thee my son, whether thou be my son Esau or not. Then went Jacob to Isaac his father, and he felt him and said: the voice is Jacob's voice, but the hands are the hands of Esau. And he knew him not, because his hands were rough as his brother Esau's hands and so he blessed him.
And he asked him: art thou my son Esau? And he said: that I am. Then said he: bring me and let me eat of my son's venison, that my soul may bless thee. And he brought him, and he ate. And he brought him wine also, and he drank. And his father Isaac said unto him: come near and kiss me my son. And he went to him and kissed him. And he smelled the savour of his raiment and blessed him, and said: See, the smell of my son is as the smell of a field which the Lord hath blessed. God give thee of the dew of heaven, and of the fatness of the earth, and plenty of corn and wine. People be thy servants, and nat.ons bow unto thee. Be lord over thy brethren, and thy mother's children stoop unto thee. Cursed be he that curseth thee, and blessed be he that blesseth thee.
As soon as Isaac had made an end of blessing, Jacob was scarce gone out from the presence of Isaac his father: then came Esau his brother from his hunting, and had made also meat, and brought it in unto his father, and said unto him: Arise my father, and eat of thy son's venison, that thy soul may bless me. Then his father Isaac said unto him: Who art thou? he answered: I am thy eldest son Esau. And Isaac was greatly astoned (astonished) out of measure, and said: Where is he then that hath hunted venison and brought it me, and I have eaten of all before thou camest, and have blessed him, and he shall be blessed still. When Esau heard the words of his father, he cried out greatly and bitterly above measure, and said unto his father: bless me also my father. And he said: thy brother came with subtlety, and hath taken away thy blessing. Then said he: He may well be called Jacob, for he hath undermined me now two times, first he took away my birthright: and see, now hath he taken away my blessing also. And he said, hast thou kept never a blessing for me?
Isaac answered and said unto Esau: behold I have made him thy lord, and all his mother's children have I made his servants. Moreover with corn and wine have I stablished him, what can I do unto thee now my son ? And Esau said unto his father: hast thou but that one blessing my father ? bless me also my father: so lifted up Esau his voice and wept. Then Isaac his father answered and said unto him: Behold thy dwelling place shall have of the fatness of the earth, and of the dew of heaven from above. And with thy sword shalt thou live, and shalt be thy brother's servant. But the time will come, when thou shalt get the mastery, and loose his yoke from off thy neck.
And Esau hated Jacob, because of the blessing that his father blessed him withal, and said
in his heart: The days of my father's sorrow are at hand, for I will slay my brother Jacob. And
these words of Esau her eldest son, were told to Rebecca. And she sent and called Jacob her
youngest son, and said unto him: behold thy brother Esau threateneth to kill thee: Now therefore
my son hear my voice, make thee ready, and flee to Laban my brother at Haran: And tarry with
him a while, until thy brother's fierceness be assuaged (less intense), and until thy brother's,wrath turn
away from thee, and he forget that which thou hast done to him. Then will I send and fetch thee
away from there. Why should I lose you both in one day ? And Rebecca spake to Isaac: I am
weary of my life, for fear of the daughters of Heth. If Jacob take a wife of the daughters of Heth,
such one as these are, or of the daughters of the land, what lust should I have to live?
The 28th Chapter
Then Isaac called Jacob his son and blessed him, and charged him, and said unto him: see thou take not a wife of the daughters of Canaan, but arise and get thee to Mesopotamia to the house of Bethuel thy mother's father: and there take thee a wife of the daughters of Laban thy mother's brother. And God almighty bless thee, increase thee, and multiply thee that thou mayest be a number of people, and give thee the blessing of Abraham: both to thee and to thy seed with thee, that thou mayest possess the land (wherein thou art a stranger) which God gave unto Abraham. Thus Isaac sent forth Jacob, to go to Mesopotamia unto Laban, son of Bethuel the Sirien, and brother to Rebecca Jacob's and Esau's mother.
When Esau saw that Isaac had blessed Jacob, and sent him to Mesopotamia, to fetch him a wife there, and that as he blessed him he gave him a charge, saying: see thou take not a wife of the daughters of Canaan: and that Jacob had obeyed his father and mother, and was gone unto Mesopotamia: and seeing also that the daughters of Canaan pleased not Isaac his father: Then went he unto Ismael, and took unto the wives which he had, Mahala the daughter of Ismael Abraham's son, the sister of Nabaioth to be his wife. Jacob departed from Berseba and went toward Haran, and came unto a place, and tarried there all night, because the sun was down. And took a stone of the place, and put it under his head, and laid him down in the same place to sleep. And he dreamed: and behold there stood a ladder upon the earth, and the top of it reached up to heaven. And see, the angels of God went up and down upon it, yea and the Lord stood upon it and said:
I am the Lord God of Abraham thy father, and the God of Isaac: The land which thou sleepest upon will I give thee and thy seed. And thy seed shall be as the dust of the earth: And thou shalt spread abroad: west, east, north and south. And through thee and thy seed shall all the kindreds of the earth be blessed. And see I am with thee, and will be thy keeper in all places where ever thou goest, and will bring thee again into this land: Neither will I leave thee until I have made good all that I have promised thee.
When Jacob was awaked out of his sleep, he said: surely the Lord is in this place, and I
was not aware. And he was afraid and said: how fearful is this place? it is none other, but even the
house of God and the gate of heaven. And Jacob stood up early in the morning, and took the
stone that he had laid under his head, and pitched it up on end, and poured oil on the top of it.
And he called the name of the place Bethell, for indeed the name of the city was called Lus before
time. And Jacob vowed a vow, saying: If God will be with me, and will keep me in this journey
which I go, and will give me bread to eat, and clothes to put on, so that I come again unto my
father's house in safety: then shall the Lord be my God, and this stone which I have set up on end,
shall be God's house: And of all that thou shalt give me, will I give the tenth unto thee.
The 29th Chapter
Then Jacob lifted up his feet, and went toward the east country. And as he looked about, behold there was a well in the field, and three flocks of sheep lay thereby (for at that well were the flocks watered) and there lay a great stone at the well mouth. And the manner was to bring the flocks thither, and to roll the stone from the well's mouth, and to water the sheep, and to put the stone again upon the well's mouth unto his place. And Jacob said unto them: brethren, from where be ye? And they said: of Haran are we. And he said unto them: Know ye Laban the son of Nahor ? And they said: We know him. And he said unto them: is he in good health ? And they said: he is in good health: and behold, his daughter Rahel cometh with the sheep. And he said: lo, it is yet a great while to night, neither is it time that the cattle should be gathered together: water the sheep, and go and feed them. And they said: we may not, until all the flocks be brought together, and the stone be rolled from the well's mouth, and so we water our sheep.
While he yet talked with them, Rahel came with her father's sheep, for she kept them. As soon as Jacob saw Rahel, the daughter of Laban his mother's brother, and the sheep of Laban his mother's brother, he went and rolled the stone from the well's mouth, and watered the sheep of Laban his mother's brother. And Jacob kissed Rahel, and lifted up his voice and wept: and told her also that he was her father's brother and Rebecca's son. Then Rahel ran and told her father. When Laban heard tell of Jacob his sister's son, he ran to meet him, and embraced him and kissed him, and brought him into his house. And then Jacob told Laban all the matter. And then Laban said: well, thou art my bone and my flesh. Abide with me the space of a month. And afterward Laban said unto Jacob: though thou be my brother, shouldest thou therefore serve me for naught ? tell me what shall thy wages be? And Laban had two daughters, the eldest called Lea and the yongest Rahel. Lea was tender eyed, but Rahel was beautiful and well favoured. And Jacob loved her well, and said: I will serve thee seven years for Rahel thy youngest daughter. And Laban answered: it is better that I give her thee, than to another man: bide therefore with me.
And Jacob served seven years for Rahel, and they seemed unto him but a few days, for the love he had to her. And Jacob said unto Laban: give me my wife, that I may lie with her. For the time appointed me is come.
Then Laban bade all the men of that place, and made a feast. And when even was come, he took Lea his daughter and brought her to him: and he went in unto Her. And Laban gave unto his daughter Lea, Zilpha his maid, to be her servant. And when the morning was come, behold it was Lea. Than said he to Laban: wherefore hast thou played thus with me? did not I serve thee for Rahel, wherefore then hast thou beguiled me? Laban answered: it is not the manner of this place, to marry the youngest before the eldest. Pass out this week, and then shall this also be given thee for the service which thou shalt serve me yet seven years more. And Jacob did even so, and passed out that week, and then he gave him Rahel his daughter to wife also. And Laban gave to Rahel his daughter, Bilha his handmaid to be her servant. So lay he by Rahel also, and loved Rahel more than Lea, and served him yet seven years more.
When the Lord saw that Lea was despised, he made her fruitful: but Rahel was barren.
And Lea conceived and bare a son, and called his name Ruben, for she said: the Lord hath looked
upon my tribulation. And now my husband will love me. And she conceived again and bare a son,
and said: the Lord hath heard that I am despised, and hath therefore given me this son also, and
she called him Simeon. And she conceived yet, and bare a son, and said: now this once will my
husband keep me company, because I have borne him three sons: and therefore she called his
name Levi. And she conceived yet again, and bare a son saying: Now will I praise the Lord:
therefore she called his name Juda, and left bearing.
The 30th Chapter
When Rahel saw that she bare Jacob no children, she envied her sister, and said unto Jacob: give me children, or else I am but dead. Then was Jacob wroth with Rahel saying: Am I in God's stead which keepeth from thee the fruit of thy womb? Then she said: here is my maid Bilha: go in unto her, that she may bear upon my lap, that I may be increased by her. And she gave him Bilha her handmaid to wife. And Jacob went in unto her: And Bilha conceived and bare Jacob a son. Then said Rahel: God hath given sentence on my side, and hath also heard my voice, and hath given me a son. Therefore called she him Dan. And Bilha Rahel's maid conceived again, and bare Jacob another son. And Rahel said. God is turned, and I have made a change with my sister, and have gotten the upper hand. And she called his name: Naphtali.
When Lea saw that she had left bearing, she took Silpha her maid, and gave her Jacob to wife. And Silpha Lea's maid bare Jacob a son. Then said Lea: Good luck: and called his name Gad. And Silpha Lea's maid bare Jacob another son. Then said Lea: happy am I, for the daughters will call me blessed. And called his name Asser.
And Ruben went out in the wheat harvest and found mandragoras in the fields, and brought them unto his mother Lea. Then said Rahel to Lea give me of thy son's mandragoras. And Lea answered: Is it not enough, that thou hast taken away my husband, but wouldest take away my son's mandragoras also? Then said Rahel: well, let him sleep with thee this night, for thy son's mandragoras. And when Jacob came from the fields at even, Lea went out to meet him, and said: come in to me, for I have bought thee with my son's mandragoras.
And he slept with her that night. And God heard Lea, that she conceived and bare unto Jacob the fifth son. Then said Lea: God hath given me my reward, because I gave my maiden to my husband, and she called him Isachar. And Lea conceived yet again, and bare Jacob the sixth son. Then said she: God hath endued me with good dowry. Now will my husband dwell with me, because I have borne him six sons: and called his name Zabulon. After that she bare a daughter, and called her Dina.
And God remembered Rahel, heard her, and made her fruitful: so that she conceived and bare a son, and said: God hath taken away my rebuke. And she called his name Joseph saying: The Lord give me yet another son. As soon as Rahel had borne Joseph, Jacob said to Laban: Send me away that I may go unto mine own place and country, give me my wives and my children for whom I have served thee, and let me go: for thou knowest what service I have done thee. Then said Laban unto him: If I have found favour in thy sight (for I suppose that the Lord hath blessed me for thy sake) appoint what thy reward shall be, and I will give it thee. But he said unto him: thou knowest what service I have done thee, and in what taking thy cattle have been under me: For it was but little that thou hadst before I came, and now it is increased into a multitude, and the Lord hath blessed thee for my sake. But now when shall I make provision for mine own house also? And he said: what shall I give thee? And Jacob answered: thou shalt give me nothing at all, if thou wilt do this one thing for me: And then will I turn again, and feed thy sheep and keep them.
I will go about all thy sheep this day, and separate from them all the sheep that are spotted and of diverse colours, and all black sheep among the lambs, and the party and spotted among the kids: And the same shall be my reward. So shall my righteousness answer for me: when the time cometh that I shall receive my reward of thee: So that whatsoever is not speckled and party among the goats and black among the lambs, let that be theft with me. Then said Laban: Lo, I am content, that it be according as thou hast said. And he took out that same day the he goats that were party and of diverse colours, and all the goats that were spotted and party coloured, and all that had white in them, and all the black among the lambs: and put them in the keeping of his sons, and set three days' journey betwixt himself and Jacob. And so Jacob kept the rest of Laban's sheep.
Jacob took rods (thin branch) of green poplar, hazel,(lt/yellow brown) and of chestnut (redish brn) trees,
and pilled (peeled) white streaks in them and made the white appear in the staves: And he put the
staves which he had pilled, even before the sheep, in the gutters and watering troughs, when the
sheep came to drink: that they should conceive when they came to drink. And the sheep
conceived before the staves, and brought forth streaked, spotted and party. Then Jacob parted the
lambs and turned the faces of the sheep toward spotted things, and toward all manner of black
things throughout the flocks of Laban. And he made him flocks of his own by themself, which he
put not unto the flocks of Laban. And always in the first bucking time of the sheep, Jacob put the
staves before the sheep in the gutters, that they might conceive before the staves: But in the latter
bucking time, he put them not there: so the last brood was Laban's and the first Jacob's. And the
man became exceeding rich and had many sheep, maidservants, menservants, camels and asses.
The 31st Chapter
And Jacob heard the words of Laban's sons how they said: Jacob hath taken away all that was our father's, and of our father's goods, hath he gotten all this honour. And Jacob beheld the countenance of Laban, that it was not toward him as it was in times past. And the Lord said unto Jacob: turn again into the land of thy fathers and to thy kindred, and I will be with thee. Then Jacob sent and called Rahel and Lea to the field unto his sheep, and said unto them: I see your father's countenance that it is not toward me as in times past. Moreover the God of my father hath been with me. And ye know how that I have served your father with all my might. And your father hath deceived me, and changed my wages ten times: But God suffered him not to hurt me. When he said, the spotted shall be thy wages, then all the sheep bare spotted. If he said, the streaked shall be thy reward, then bare all the sheep streaked: thus hath God taken away your father's cattle and given them me. For in bucking time, I lifted up mine eyes and saw in a dream, and behold, the rams that bucked the sheep were streaked, spotted and party. And the angel of God spake unto me in a dream saying: Jacob? And I answered: here am I. And he said: lift up thine eyes and see, how all the rams that leap upon the sheep are streaked, spotted and party: for I have seen all that Laban doth unto thee. I am the God of Bethel where thou anointedest the stone, and where thou vowdest a vow unto me. Now arise and get thee out of this country, and return unto the land where thou wast born.
Then answered Rahel and Lea, and said unto hiin: we have no part nor inheritance in our father's house: he counteth us even as strangers, for he hath sold us, and hath even eaten up the price of us. Moreover all the riches which God hath taken from our father, that is ours and our children's. Now therefore whatsoever God hath said unto thee, that do. Then Jacob rose up, and set his sons and wives up upon camels, and carried away all his cattle and all his substance which he had gotten in Mesopotamia, for to go to Isaac his father unto the land of Canaan. Laban was gone to shear his sheep, and Rahel had stolen her father's images. And Jacob stale away the heart of Laban the Sirian, and told him not that he fled. So fled he and all that he had, and made himself ready, and passed over the rivers, and set his face straight toward the mount Gilead.
Upon the third day after, was it told Laban that Jacob was fled. Then he
took his brethren with him and followed after him seven days' journey, and overtook him at the mount Gilead. And God came to Laban the Sirian in a dream by night, and said unto him: take heed to thyself, that thou speak not to Jacob ought save good. And Laban overtook Jacob: and Jacob had pitched his tent in that mount. And Laban with his brethren pitched their tent also upon the mount Gilead. Then said Laban to Jacob: why hast thou this done to steal away my heart, and carry away my daughters as though they had been taken captive with sword? Wherefore wentest thou away secretly unknown to me, and didst not tell me, that I might have brought thee on the way with mirth, singing, timbrels and harps, and hast not suffered me to kiss my children and my daughters? Thou wast a fool to do it, for I am able to do you evil. But the God of your father spake unto me yesterday saying: take heed that thou speak not to Jacob ought save good. And now though thou wentest thy way because thou longest after thy father's house, yet wherefore hast thou stolen my gods ?
Jacob answered and said to Laban: because I was afraid, and thought that thou wouldest have taken away thy daughters from me. But with whomsoever thou findest thy gods, let him die here before our brethren. Seek that thine is by me, and take it to thee: for Jacob knew not that Rahel had stolen them. Then went Laban into Jacob's tent, and into Lea's tent, and into two maidens' tents: but found them not. Then went he out of Lea's tent, and entered into Rahel's tent. And Rahel took the images, and put them in the camel's straw, and sat down upon them. And Laban searched all the tent: but found them not. Then said she to her father: my lord, be not angry that I cannot rise up before thee, for the disease of women is come upon me. So searched he, but found them not.
Jacob was wroth, and chode(scold mildly) with Laban. Jacob also answered and said to him: what have I trespassed or what have I offended, that thou followedest after me? Thou hast searched all my stuff, and what hast thou found of all thy household stuff ? put it here before thy brethren and mine, and let them judge betwixt us both. This twenty years that I have been with thee, thy sheep and thy goats have not been barren, and the rams of thy flock have I not eaten. Whatsoever was torn of beasts I brought it not unto thee, but made it good myself: of my hand didst thou require it, whether it was stolen by day or night. Moreover by day the heat consumed me, and the cold by night, and my sleep departed from mine eyes.
Thus have I been twenty years in thy house, and served thee fourteen years for thy two daughters, and six years for thy sheep, and thou hast changed my reward ten times. And except the God of my father, the God of Abraham, and the God whom Isaac feareth had been with me: surely thou hadst sent me away now all empty. But God beheld my tribulation, and the labour of my hands: and rebuked thee yesterday.
Laban answered and said unto Jacob: the daughters are my daughters, and the children are my children, and the sheep are my sheep, and all that thou seest is mine. And what can I do this day unto these my daughters, or unto their children which they have born? Now therefore come on, let us make a bond, I and thou together, and let it be a witness between thee and me. Then took Jacob a stone and set it up on end, and said unto his brethren, gather stones. And they took stones, and made an heap, and they ate there upon the heap. And Laban called it Zegar Sahadutha, but Jacob called Gilead.
Then said Laban: this heap be witness between thee and me this day (therefore is it called Gilead) and this toot hill which the Lord seeth (said he) be witness between me and thee when we are departed one from another: that thou shalt not vex my daughters neither shalt take other wives unto them. Here is no man with us: behold, God is witness betwixt thee and me. And Laban said moreover to Jacob: behold, this heap and this mark which I have set here, betwixt me and thee: this heap be witness and also this mark, that I will not come over this heap to thee, and thou shalt not come over this heap and this mark, to do any harm. The God of Abraham, the God of Nahor, and the God of their fathers, be judge betwixt us.
And Jacob sware by him that his father Isaac feared. Then Jacob did sacrifice upon the
mount, and called his brethren to eat bread. And they ate bread and tarried all night in the hill.
And early in the morning Laban rose up and kissed his children and his daughters, and blessed
them and departed and went unto his place again. But Jacob went forth on his journey. And the
angels of God came and met him. And when Jacob saw them, he said: this is God's host: and
called the name of that same place, Mahanaim.
The 32nd Chapter
Jacob sent messengers before him to Esau his brother, unto the land of Seir and the field of Edom. And he commanded them saying: see that ye speak after this manner to my lord Esau: thy servant Jacob saith thus. I have sojourned and been a stranger with Laban unto this time and have gotten oxen, asses and sheep, menservants and womenservants, and have sent to show it my lord, that I may find grace in thy sight. And the messengers came again to Jacob saying: we came unto thy brother Esau, and he cometh against thee and four hundred men with him. Then was Jacob greatly afraid, and knew not which way to turn himself, and divided the people that was with him and the sheep, oxen and camels, into two companies, and said: If Esau come to the one part and smite it, the other may save itself.
And Jacob said: O' God of my father Abraham, and God of my father Isaac: Lord, which saidest unto me, return unto thy country and to thy kindred, and I will deal well with thee. I am not worthy of the least of all the mercies and truth which thou hast showed unto thy servant. For with my staff came I over this Jordan, and now have I gotten two droves. Deliver me from the hands of my brother Esau: for I fear him: lest he will come and smite the mother with the children. Thou saidest that thou wouldest surely do me good, and wouldest make my seed as the sand of the sea which cannot be numbered for multitude.
And he tarried there that same night, and took of that which came to hand, a present, unto Esau his brother: Two hundred she goats and twenty he goats: two hundred sheep and twenty rams: thirty milk camels with their colts: forty kine and ten bulls: twenty she asses and ten foals and delivered them unto his servants, every drove by themselves, and said unto them: go forth before me and put a space betwixt every drove. And he commanded the foremost, saying:
When Esau my brother meeteth thee and asketh thee saying: whose servant art thou and where goest thou, and whose are these that go before thee: thou shalt say, they be thy servant Jacob's, and are a present sent unto my lord Esau, and behold, he himself cometh after us. And so commanded he the second, and even so the third, and likewise all that followed the droves saying, of this manner see that ye speak unto Esau when ye meet him, and say moreover. Behold thy servant Jacob cometh after us, for he said. I will pease his wrath with the present that goeth before me and afterward I will see him myself, so peradventure he will receive me to grace. So went the present before him and he tarried all that night in the tent, and rose up the same night and took his two wives and his two maidens and his eleven sons, and went over the ford Jabok. And he took them and sent them over the river, and sent over that he had and tarried behind himself alone.
And there wrestled a man with him unto the breaking of the day. And when he saw that he could not prevail against him, he smote him under the thigh, and the sinew of Jacob's thigh shrank as he wrestled with him. And he said: let me go, for the day breaketh. And he said: I will not let thee go, except thou bless me. And he said unto him: what is thy name? He answered: Jacob. And he said: thou shalt be called Jacob no more, but Israel. For thou hast wrestled with God and hast prevailed.
And Jacob asked him saying, tell me thy name. And he said, wherefore dost thou ask after
my name? and he blessed him there. And Jacob called the name of the place Pheniel, for I have
seen God face to face, and yet is my life reserved. And as he went over Peniel, the sun rose upon
him, and he halted upon his thigh: wherefore the children of Israel eat not of the sinew that shrank
under the thigh, unto this day: because that he smote Jacob under the thigh in the sinew that
The 33rd Chapter
Jacob lifted up his eyes and saw his brother Esau come, and with him four hundred men. And he divided the children unto Lea and unto Rahel and unto the two maidens. And he put the maidens and their children foremost, and Lea and her children after, and Rahel and Joseph hindermost. And he went before them and fell on the ground seven times, until he came unto his brother.
Esau ran to meet him and embraced him and fell on his neck and kissed him, and they wept. And he lifted up his eyes and saw the wives and their children, and said: what are these which thou there hast? And he said: they are the children which God hath given thy servant. Then came the maidens forth, and did their obeisance. Lea also and her children came and did their obeisance. And last of all came Joseph and Rahel and did their obeisance.
And he said: what meanest thou with all the droves which I met ? And he answered: to find grace in the sight of my lord. And Esau said: I have enough my brother, keep that thou hast unto thyself. Jacob answered: oh nay, but if I have found grace in thy sight, receive my present of my hand: for I have seen thy face as though I had seen the face of God: wherefore receive me to grace and take my blessing that I have brought thee, for God hath given it me. And I have enough of all things. And so he compelled him to take it. And he said: let us take our journey and go, and I will go in thy company. And he said unto him: my lord knoweth that I have tender children, ewes and kine with young, under mine hand, which if men should overdrive but even one day, the whole flock would die. Let my lord therefore go before his servant and I will drive fair and softly, according as the cattle that goeth before me and the children, be able to endure: until I come to my lord unto Seir.
And Esau said: let me yet leave some of my folk with thee. And he said: what needeth it? let me find grace in the sight of my lord. So Esau went his way again the same day unto Seir. And Jacob took his journey toward Sucoth, and built him an house, and made booths for his cattle: whereof the name of the place is called Sucoth.
And Jacob came peacably in to the city of Sichem in the land of Canaan, after that he was
come from Mesopotamia, and pitched before the city, and bought a parcel of ground where he
pitched his tent, of the children of Hemor Sichem's father, for an hundred lambs, And he made
there an altar, and there called upon the mighty God of Israel.
The 34th Chapter
Dina the daughter of Lea which she bare unto Jacob, went out to see the daughters of the land. And Sichem the son of Hemor the Hevite lord of the country, saw her and took her, and lay with her, and forced her: and his heart lay unto Dina the daughter of Jacob. And he loved the damsel and spake kindly unto her, and spake unto his father Hemor saying, get me this maiden unto my wife. And Jacob heard that he had defiled Dina his daughter, but his sons were with the cattle in the field, and therefore he held his peace, until they were come. Then Hemor the father of Sichem went out unto Jacob, to commune with him. And the sons of Jacob came out of the field as soon as they heard it, for it grieved them, and they were not a little wroth, because he had wrought folly in Israel, in that he had lain with Jacob's daughter, which thing ought not to be done. And Hemor communed with them saying: the soul of my son Sichem longeth for your daughter: give her him to wife, and make marriages with us: give your daughters unto us, and take our daughters unto you, and dwell with us, and the land shall be at your pleasure, dwell and do your business, and have your possessions therein. And Sichem said unto her father and her brethren: let me find grace in your eyes, and whatsoever ye appoint me, that will I give. Ask freely of me both the dowry and gifts, and I will give according as ye say unto me, and give me the damsel to wife.
Then the sons of Jacob answered to Sichem and Hemor his father deceitfully, because he had defiled Dina their sister. And they said unto them, we cannot do this thing that we should give our sister to one that is uncircumcised, for that were a shame unto us. Only in this will we consent unto you: If ye will be as we be, that all the men children among you be circumcised, then will we give our daughter to you and take yours to us, and will dwell with you and be one people. But and if ye will not hearken unto us to be circumcised, than will we take our daughter and go our ways. And their words pleased Hemor: and Sichem his son. And the young man deferred not for to do the thing, because he had a lust to Jacob's daughter: he was also most set by of all that were in his father's house. Then Hemor and Sichem went unto the gate of their city, and communed with the men of their city saying: These men are peaceable with us, and will dwell in the land and do their occupation therein. And in the land is room enough for them, let us take their daughters to wives and give them ours: only herein will they consent unto us for to dwell with us and to be one people: if all the men children that are among us be circumcised as they are. Their goods and their substance and all their cattle are ours, only let us consent unto them, that they may dwell with us.
And unto Hemor and Sichem his son hearkened all that went out at the gate of his city. And all the men children were circumcised whatsoever went out at the gates of his city. And the third day when it was painful to them, two of the sons of Jacob, Simeon and Levi Dina's brethren, took either of them his sword and went into the city boldly, and slew all that was male, and slew also Hemor and Sichem his son with the edge of the sword, and took Dina their sister out of Sichem's house, and went their way.
Then came the sons of Jacob upon the deed, and spoiled the city, because they had defiled their sister: and took their sheep, oxen, asses and whatsoever was in the city and also in the fields. And all their goods, all their children and their wives took they captive, and made havoc of all that was in the houses.
And Jacob said to Simeon and Levi: ye have troubled me and made me stink unto the
inhabitaters of the land, both to the Cananites and also unto the Pherezites. And I am few in
number. Wherefore they shall gather themselves together against me and slay me, and so shall I
and my house be destroyed. And they answered: should they deal with our sister as with an
The 35th Chapter
And God said unto Jacob, arise and get thee up to Bethel, and dwell there. And make there an altar unto God that apeared unto thee, when thou fleddest from: Esau thy brother. Then said Jacob unto his household and to all that were with him, put away the strange gods that are among you and make yourselves clean, and change your garments, and let us arise and go up to Bethel, that I may make an altar there, unto God which heard me in the day of my tribulation and was with me in the way which I went.
And they gave unto Jacob all the strange gods which were under their hands, and all their earrings which were in their ears, and Jacob hid them under an oak at Sichem. And they departed. And the fear of God fell upon the cities that were round about them, that they durst not follow after the sons of Jacob. So came Jacob to Lus in the land of Canaan, otherwise called Bethell, with all the people that was with him. And he builded there an altar, and called the place Bethel: because that God appeared unto him there, when he fled from his brother.
Then died Debora Rebecca's nurse, and was buried beneath Bethel under an oak. And the name of it was called the oak of lamentation. And God appeared unto Jacob again after he came out of Mesopotamia and blessed him and said unto him: Thy name is Jacob. Notwithstanding thou shalt be no more called Jacob, but Israel shall be thy name. And so was his name called Israel.
And God said unto him: I am God allmighty, grow and multiply: for people and a multitude of people shall spring of thee, yea and kings shall come out of thy loins. And the land which I gave Abraham and Isaac, will I give unto thee, and unto thy seed after thee will I give it also. And God departed from him in the place where he talked with him. And Jacob set up a mark in the place where he talked with him: even a pillar of stone, and poured drink offering theron and poured also oil theron, and called the name of the place where God spake with him Bethell.
And they departed from Bethel, and when he was but a field breadth from Ephrath, Rahel began to travail. And in travailing she was in peril. And as she was in pains of her labour, the midwife said unto her: fear not, for thou shalt have this son also. Then as her soul was adeparting, that she must die: she called his name Ben Oni. But his father called him Ben Jamin. and thus died Rahel and was buried in the way to Ephrath which now is called Bethlehem. And Jacob set up a pillar upon her grave, which is called Rahel's grave pillar unto this day. And Israel went then and pitched up his tent beyond the tower of Eder. And it chanced as Israel dwelt in that land, that Ruben went and lay with Bilha his father's concubine, and it came to Israel's ear. The sons of Jacob were twelve in number. The sons of Lea: Ruben, Jacob's eldest son, and Simeon, Levi, Juda, Isachar, and Zabulon. The sons of Rahel: Joseph and Ben Jamin. The sons of Bilha Rahel's maid: Dan and Nephtali. The sons of Zilpha Lea's maid Gad and Asser. These are the sons which were born him in Mesopotamia.
Then Jacob went unto Isaac his father to Mamre a principal city, otherwise called Hebron:
where Abraham and Isaac sojourned as strangers. And the days of Isaac were an hundred and
eighty years: and then fell he sick and died, and was put unto his people being old and full of days.
And his sons Esau and Jacob buried him.
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These are the generations of Esau which is called Edom. Esau took his wives of the daughters of Canaan: Ada the daughter of Elon an Hethite, and Ahalibama the daughter of Ana, which Ana was the son of Zibeon an Hevite, And Basmath Ismael's daughter and sister of Nebaioth. And Ada bare unto Esau, Eliphas: and Basmath bare Reguel: And Ahalibama bare Jeus, Jaelam and Korah. These are the sons of Esau which were born him in the land of Canaan.
And Esau took his wives, his sons and daughters and all the souls of his house: his goods and all his cattle and all his substance which he had got in the land of Canaan, and went into a country away from his brother Jacob: for their riches was so much, that they could not dwell together, and that the land wherein they were strangers, could not receive them: because of their cattle. Thus dwelt Esau in mount Seir, which Esau is called Edom. These are the generations of Esau father of the Edomites in mount Seir, and these are the names of Esau's sons: Eliphas the son of Ada the wife of Esau, and Reguel the son of Basmath the wife of Esau also. And the sons of Eliphas were: Theman, Omar, Zepho, Gaetham and Kenas. And Thimna was concubine to Eliphas Esau's son, and bare unto Eliphas, Amalek. And these be the sons of Ada Esau's wife. And these are the sons of Reguel: Nahath, Serah, Samma and Misa: these were the sons of Basmath Esau's wife. And these were the sons of Ahalibama Esau's wife the daughter of Ana son of Zebeon, which she bare unto Esau: Jeus, Jaelam and Rorah.
These were dukes of the sons of Esau. The children of Eliphas the first son of Esau were these: duke Theman, duke Omar, duke Zepho, duke Kenas, duke Rorah, duke Gaetham and duke Amaleck: these are the dukes that came of Eliphas in the land of Edom, and these were the sons of Ada. These were the children of Reguel Esau's son: duke Nahath, duke Serah, duke Samma, duke Misa. These are the dukes that came of Reguel in the land of Edom, and these were the sons of Basmath Esau's wife. These were the children of Ahalibama Esau's wife: duke Jeus, duke Gaelam, duke Korah, these dukes came of Ahalibama the daughter of Ana Esau's wife. These are the children of Esau, and these are the dukes of them: which Esau is called Edom: These are the children of Seir the Horite, the inhabiter of the land: Lothan, Sobal, Zibeon, Ana, Dison, Eser and Disan. These are the dukes of the Horites the children of Seir in the land of Edom. And the children of Lothan were: Hori and Hemam. And Lothan's sister was called Thimna.
The children of Sobal were these: Alvan, Manahath, Ebal, Sepho and Onam. These were the children of Zibeon. Aia and Ana, this was that Ana that found the mules in the wilderness, as he fed his father Zibeon's asses. The children of Ana were these. Dison and Ahalibama the daughter of Ana. These are the children of Dison. Hemdan, Esban, Jethran, and Cheran. The
children of Ezer were these, Bilhan, Seavan and Akan. The children of Disan were: Ur and Aran.
These are the dukes that came of Hori: duke Lothan, duke Sobal, duke Zibeon, duke Ana, duke Dison, duke Ezer, duke Disan. These be the dukes that came of Hori in their dukedoms in the land of Seir. These are the kings that reigned in the land of Edom before there reigned any king among the children of Israel. Bela the son of Beor reigned in Edomea, and the name of his city was Dinhaba. And when Bela died, Jobab the son of Serah out of Bezara, reigned in his stead. When Jobab was dead, Husam of the land of Themany reigned in his stead. And after the death of Husam, Hadad the son of Bedad which slew the Madianites in the field of the Moabites, reigned in his stead, and the name of his city was Avith. When Hadad was dead, Samla of Masreka reigned in his stead. When Samla was dead, Saul of the river Rehoboth reigned in his stead. When Saul was dead, Baal Hanan the son of Achbor reigned in his stead. And after the death of Baal Hanan the son of Achbor, Hadad reigned in his stead, and the name of his city was Pagu. And his wife's name Mehetabeel the daughter of Matred the daughter of Mesaab.
These are the names of the dukes that came of Esau, in their kindreds, places and names:
Duke Thimma, duke Alua, duke Jetheth, duke Ahalibama, duke Ela, duke Pinon, duke Kenas,
duke Theman, duke Mibzar, duke Magdiel, duke Iram. These be the dukes of Edomea in their
habitations, in the land of their possessions. This Esau is the father of the Edomites.
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And Jacob dwelt in the land wherein his father was a stranger, that is to say in the land of Canaan. And these are the generations of Jacob: when Joseph was seventeen years old, he kept sheep with his brethren, and the lad was with the sons of Bilha and of Zilpha his father's wives. And he brought unto their father an evil saying that was of them. And Israel loved Joseph more than all his children, because he begat him in his old age, and he made him a coat of many colours.
When his brethren saw that their father loved him more than all his brethren, they hated him and could not speak one kind word unto him. Moreover Joseph dreamed a dream and told it his brethren: wherefore they hated him yet the more. And he said unto them: hear I pray you this dream which I have dreamed: Behold we were making sheaves in the field: and lo, my sheaf arose and stood upright, and yours stood round about and made obeisance to my sheaf. Then said his brethren unto him: what, shalt thou be our king or shalt thou reign over us ? And they hated him yet the more, because of his dream and of his words.
And he dreamed yet another dream and told it his brethren saying: behold, I have had one dream more: me thought the *sonne (son) and the moon and eleven stars made obeisance to me. And when he had told it unto his father and his brethren, his father rebuked him and said unto him: what meaneth this dream which thou hast dreamed: shall I and thy mother and thy brethren come and fall on the ground before thee? And his brethren hated him, but his father noted the saying.
* sonne is exactly the way it appears in the original text, sun, spelled sunne; in middle English, is used else where in the text.
His brethren went to keep their father's sheep in Sichem, and Israel said unto Joseph: do not thy brethren keep in Sichem? come that I may send thee to them. And he answered here am I. And he said unto him: go and see whether it be well with thy brethren and the sheep, and bring me word again. And sent him out of the vale of Hebron, for to go to Sichem. And a certain man found him wandering out of his way in the field, and asked him what he sought. And he answered: I seek my brethren, tell me I pray thee where they keep sheep. And the man said, they are departed here, for I heard them say let us go unto Dothan. Thus went Joseph after his brethren, and found them in Dothan.
And when they saw him afar off before he came at them, they took counsel against him, for to slay him, and said one to another, Behold this dreamer cometh, come now and let us slay him and cast him into some pit, and let us say that some wicked beast hath devoured him, and let us see what his dreams will come to.
When Ruben heard that, he went about to rid him out of their hands and said, let us not kill him. And Ruben said moreover unto them, shed not his blood, but cast him into this pit that is in the wilderness, and lay no hands upon him: for he would have rid him out of their hands and delivered him to his father again.
And as soon as Joseph was come unto his brethren, they stripped him out of his gay coat that was upon him, and they took him and cast him into a pit. But the pit was empty and had no water therein. And they sat them down to eat bread. And as they lift up their eyes and looked about, there came a company of Ismaelites from Gilead, and their camels laden with spicery, balm, and myrrh, and were going down into Egypt.
Then said Juda to his brethren, what availeth it that we slay our brother, and keep his blood secret ? come on, let us sell him to the Ismaelites, and let not our hands be defiled upon him: for he is our brother and our flesh. And his brethren were content. Then as the Madianites merchant men passed by, they drew Joseph out of the pit and sold him unto the Ismaelites for twenty pieces of silver. And they brought him into Egypt.
And when Ruben came again unto the pit and found not Joseph there, he rent his clothes
and went again unto his brethern saying: the lad is not yonder, and whither shall I go? And they
took Joseph's coat and killed a goat, and dipped the coat in the blood. And they sent that gay coat
and caused it to be brought unto their father and said: This have we found: see, whether it be thy
son's coat or no. And he knew it saying: it is my son's coat: a wicked beast hath devoured him,
and Joseph is rent in pieces. And Jacob rent his clothes, and put sack cloth about his loins, and
sorrowed for his son a long season. Then came all his sons and all his daughters to comfort him.
And he would not be comforted, but said: I will go down into the grave unto my son, mourning.
And thus his father wept for him. And the Madianites sold him in Egypt unto Putiphar a lord of
Pharao's: and his chief marshal.
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And it fortuned at that time that *Judas went from his brethren and gat him to a man called Hira of Odollam, and there he saw the daughter of a man called Sua a Cananite. And he took her and went in unto her. And she conceived and bare a son and called his name Er. And she conceived again and bare a son and called him Onan. And she conceived the third time and bare a son, whom she called Sela: and he was at Chesib when she bare him. *Judas (exact spelling)
And Judas gave Er his eldest son, a wife whose name was Thamar. But this Er Juda's eldest son was wicked in the sight of the Lord, wherefore the Lord slew him. Then said Judas unto Onan: go in to thy brother's wife and marry her, and stir up seed unto thy brother. And when Onan perceived that the seed should not be his: therefore when he went in to his brother's wife, he spilled it on the ground, because he would not give seed unto his brother. And the thing which he did, displeased the Lord, wherefore he slew him also. Then said Juda to Thamar his daughter in law: remain a widow at thy father's house, till Sela my son be grown: for he feared lest he should have died also, as his brethren did. Thus went Thamar and dwelt in her father's house.
And in process of time, the daughter of Sua Judas wife died. Then Judas when he had left mourning, went unto his sheep shearers to Thimnath with his friend Hira of Odollam. And one told Thamar saying: behold, thy father in law goeth up to Thimnath, to shear his sheep. And she put her widow's garments off from her and covered her with a cloak, and disguised herself: And sat her down at the entering of Enaim which is by the high way's side to Thimnath, for because she saw that Sela was grown, and she was not given unto him to wife.
When Juda saw her he thought it had been an whore, because she had covered her face. And turned to her unto the way and said, come I pray thee, let me lie with thee, for he knew not that it was his daughter in law. And she said what wilt thou give me, for to lie with me? Then said he, I will send thee a kid from the flock. She answered, Then give me a pledge till thou send it. Then said he, what pledge shall I give thee? And she said: thy signet, thy bracelet, and thy staff that is in thy hand. And he gave it her and lay by her, and she was with child by him. And she gat her up and went and put her mantle from her, and put on her widow's raiment again. And Judas sent the kid by his neighbour of Odollam, for to fetch out his pledge again from the wife's hand. But he found her not. Then asked he the men of the same place saying: where is the whore that sat at Enaim in the way ? And they said: there was no whore here. And he came to Juda again saying: I cannot find her, and also the men of the place said: that there was no whore there. And Juda said: let her take it to her, lest we be shamed: for I sent the kid and thou couldest not find her.
And it came to pass that after three months, one told Juda saying: Thamar thy daughter in law hath played the whore, and with playing the whore is become great with child. And Juda said: bring her forth and let her be burnt. And when they brought her forth, she sent to her father in law saying: by the man unto whom these things pertain, am I with child. And said also: look whose are this seal, bracelet, and staff. And Juda knew them saying: she is more righteous than I, because I gave her not to Sela my son. But he lay with her no more.
When time was come that she should be delivered, behold there was two twins in her
womb. And as she travailed, the one put out his hand and the midwife took and bound a red
thread about it saying: this will come out first. But he plucked his hand back again, and his brother
came out. And she said: wherefore hast thou rent a rent upon thee? and called him Pharez. And
afterward came out his brother that had the red thread about his hand, which was called Zarah.
The 39th Chapter
Joseph was brought unto Egypt, and Putiphar a lord of Pharao's: and his chief marshal an Egyptian, bought him of the Ismaelites which brought him there. And the Lord was with Joseph, and he was a lucky fellow and continued in the house of his master the Egyptian. And his master saw that the Lord was with him, and that the Lord made all that he did prosper in his hand: Wherefore he found grace in his master's sight, and served him. And his master made him ruler of his house, and put all that he had in his hand. And as soon as he had made him ruler over his house and over all that he had, the Lord blessed this Egyptian's house for Joseph's sake, and the blessing of the Lord was upon all that he had: both in the house and also in the fields. And therefore he left all that he had in Joseph's hand, and looked upon nothing that was with him, save only on the bread which he ate. And Joseph was a goodly person and well favoured. And it fortuned after this, that his master's wife cast her eyes upon Joseph and said: come lie with me. But he denied and said to her: Behold, my master knows not what he hath in the house with me, but hath committed all that he hath to my hand. He himself is not greater in the house than I, and hath kept nothing from me, but only thee because thou art his wife. How then can I do this great wickedness, for to sin against God ? And after this manner spake she to Joseph day by day: but he hearkened not unto her, to sleep near her or to be in her company.
And it fortuned about the same season, that Joseph entered into the house, to do his business: and there was none of the household by, in the house. And she caught him by the garment saying: come sleep with me. And he left his garment in her hand and fled and got him out. VCrhen she saw that he had left his garment in her hand, and was fled out, she called unto the men of the house, and told them saying: See, he hath brought in an Hebrew unto us to do us shame: for he came in to me, for to have slept with me. But I cried with a loud voice. And when he heard, that I lifted up my voice and cried, he left his garment with me and fled away and got him out.
And she laid up his garment by her, until her lord came home. And she told him according to these words saying. This Hebrews' servant which thou hast brought unto us came in to me to do me shame. But as soon as I lifted up my voice and cried, he left his garment with me and fled out. When his master heard the words of his wife which she told him saying: after this manner did thy servant to me, he waxed wroth.
And he took Joseph and put him in prison: even in the place where the king's prisoners lay
bound. And there continued he in prison, but the Lord was with Joseph and showed him mercy,
and got him favour in the sight of the keeper of the prison which committed to Joseph's hand all
the prisoners that were in the prison house. And whatsoever was done there, that did he. And the
keeper of the prison looked unto nothing that was under his hand, because the Lord was with him,
and because that whatsoever he did, the Lord made it come luckily to pass.
The 40th Chapter
And it chanced after this, that the chief butler of the king of Egypt and his chief baker had offended their lord the king of Egypt. And Pharao was angry with them and put them in ward in his chief marshal's house: even in the prison where Joseph was bound. And the chief marshal gave Joseph a charge with them, and he served them. And they continued a season in ward.
And they dreamed either of them in one night: both the butler and the baker of the king of Egypt which were bound in the prison house, either of them his dream, and each man's dream of a sundry (various) interpretation. When Joseph came in unto them in the morning, and looked upon them: behold, they were sad. And he asked them saying, wherefore look ye so sadly today ? They answered him, we have dreamed a dream, and have no man to declare it. And Joseph said unto them. Interpreting belongeth to God but tell me yet. And the chief butler told his dream to Joseph and said unto him. In my dream methought there stood a vine before me, and in the vine were three branches, and it was as though it budded, and her blossoms shot forth: and the grapes thereof waxed ripe. And I had Pharao's cup in my hand, and took of the grapes and wrung them into Pharao's cup, and delivered Pharao's cup into his hand. And Joseph said unto him, this is the interpretation of it. The three branches are three days: for within three days shall Pharao lift up thine head, and restore thee unto thine office again, and thou shalt deliver Pharao's cup into his hand, after the old manner, even as thou didest when thou was his butler. But think on me with thee, when thou art in good case, and shew mercy unto me. And make mention of me to Pharao, and help to bring me out of this house: for I was stolen out of the land of the Hebrews, and here also have I done nothing at all wherefore they should have put me into this dungeon. When the chief baker saw that he had well interpreted it, he said unto Joseph, me thought also in my dream, that I had three wicker baskets on my head. And in the uppermost baske of all manner bakemeats for Pharao. And the birds ate them out of the basket upon my head.
Joseph answered and said: this is the interpretation thereof. The three baskets are three days, for this day three days shall Pharao take thy head from thee, and shall hang thee on a tree, and the birds shall eat thy flesh from off thee.
And it came to pass the third day which was Pharao's birthday, that he made a feast unto
all his servants. And he lifted up the head of the chief butler and of the chief baker among his
servants. And restored the chief butler unto his butlership again, and he reached the cup into
Pharao's hand, and hanged the chief baker: even as Joseph had interpreted unto them.
Notwithstanding the chief butler remembered not Joseph, but forgot him.
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And it fortuned at two years' end, that Pharao dreamed, and thought that he stood by a river's side, and that there came out of the river seven goodly kine (cows) and fat fleshed, and fed in a meadow, and him thought that seven other kine came up after them out of the river evil favoured and lean fleshed and stood by the other upon the brink of the river. And the evil favoured and lean fleshed kine: ate up the seven well favoured and fat kine: and he awoke therewith. And he slept again and dreamed the second time, that seven ears of corn grew upon one stalk rank and goodly. And that seven thin ears blasted with the wind, sprang up after them: and that the seven thin ears devoured the seven rank and full ears. And then Pharao awaked: and see, here is his dream. When the morning came, his spirit was troubled. And he sent and called for all the soothsayers of Egypt and all the wise men thereof, and told them his dream: but there was none of them that could interpret it unto Pharao. Then spake the chief butler unto Pharao saying. I do remember my fault this day. Pharao was angry with his servants, and put in ward in the chief marshal's house both me and the chief baker. And we dreamed both of us in one night and each man's dream of a sundry (various) interpretation.
And there was with us a young man, an Hebrew born, servant unto the chief marshal. And we told him, and he declared our dreams to us according to either of our dreams. And as he declared them unto us, even so it came to pass. I was restored to mine office again, and he was hanged.
Then Pharao sent and called Joseph. And they made him haste out of prison. And he shaved himself and changed his raiment, and went in to Pharao. And Pharao said unto Joseph: I have dreamed a dream and no man can interpretate it, but I have heard say of thee that as soon as thou hearest a dream, thou dost interpretate it. And Joseph answered Pharao saying: God shall give Pharao an answer of peace without me. Pharao said unto Joseph: in my dream me thought I stood by a river's side, and there came out of the river seven fat fleshed and well favoured kine(cows), and fed in the meadow. And then seven other kine came up after them, poor and very evil favoured and lean fleshed: so that I never saw their like in all the land of Egypt in evil favouredness. And the seven lean and evil favoured kine ate up the first seven fat kine. And when they had eaten them up, a man could not perceive that they had eaten them: for they were still as evil favoured as they were at the beginning. And I awoke. And I saw again in my dream seven ears spring out of one stalk full and good, and seven other ears withered, thin and blasted with wind, spring up after them. And the thin ears devoured the seven good ears. And I have told it unto the soothsayers, but no man can tell me what it meaneth. Then Joseph said unto Pharao: both Pharao's dreams are one. And God doth show Pharao what he is about to do. The seven good kine are years: and the seven good ears are seven years also, and is but one dream. Likewise, the seven thin and evil favoured kine that came out after them, are seven years: and the seven empty and blasted ears shall be seven years of hunger. This is that which I said unto Pharao, that God doth show Pharao what he is about to do.
Behold there shall come seven years of great plenteousness throughout all the land of Egypt. And there shall arise after them seven years of hunger. So that all the plenteousness shall be forgotten in the land of Egypt. And the hunger shall consume the land: so that the plenteousness shall not be once a seen in the land by reason of that hunger that shall come after, for it shall be exceeding great. And as concerning that the dream was doubled unto Pharao the second time, it betokeneth that the thing is certainly prepared of God, and that God will shortly bring it to pass.
Now therefore let Pharao provide for a man of understanding and wisdom, and set him over the land of Egypt. And let Pharao make officers over the land, and take up the fifth part of the land of Egypt in the seven plenteous years and let them gather all the food of these good years that come, and lay up corn under the power of Pharao: that there may be food in the cities, and there let them keep it: that there may be food in store in the land, against the seven years of hunger which shall come in the land of Egypt, and that the land perish not through hunger.
And the saying pleased Pharao and all his servants. Then said Pharao unto his servants: where shall we find such a man as this is, that hath the spirit of God in him ? wherefore Pharao said unto Joseph: forasmuch as God hath shewed thee all this, there is no man of understanding nor of wisdom like unto thee. Thou therefore shalt be over my house, and according to thy word shall all my people obey: only in the king's seat will I be above thee. And he said unto Joseph: behold, I have set thee over all the land of Egypt. And he took off his ring from his finger, and put it upon Joseph's finger, and arrayed him in raiment of byss (fine linen), and put a golden chain about his neck and set him upon the best chariot that he had save one. And they cried before him Abrech, and that Pharao had made him ruler over all the land of Egypt.
And Pharao said unto Joseph: I am Pharao, without thy will, shall no man lift up either his hand or foot in all the land of Egypt. And he called Joseph's name Zaphnath Paenea. And he gave him to wife Asnath the daughter of Putiphar priest of On. Then went Joseph abroad in the land of Egypt. And he was thirty years old when he stood before Pharao king of Egypt. And then Joseph departed from Pharao, and went throughout all the land of Egypt.
And in the seven plenteous years they made sheaves and gathered up all the food of the seven plenteous years which were in the land of Egypt and put it into the cities. And he put the food of the fields that grew round about every city: even in the same. And Joseph laid up corn in store, like unto the sand of the sea in multitude out of measure, until he left numbering: For it was without number. And unto Joseph were born two sons before the years of hunger came, which Asnath the daughter of Putiphar priest of On, bare unto him. And he called the name of the first son Manasse, for God (said he) hath made me forget all my labour and all my father's household. The second called he Ephraim, for God (said he) hath caused me to grow in the land of my trouble.
And when the seven years of plenteousness that was in the land of Egypt were ended, then
came the seven years of dearth, according as Joseph had said. And the dearth was in all lands: but
in the land of Egypt was there yet food. When now all the land of Egypt began to hunger, then
cried the people to Pharao for bread. And Pharao said unto all Egypt: go unto Joseph, and what
he saith to you that do. And when the dearth was throughout all the land, Joseph opened all that
was in the cities, and sold unto the Egyptians. And hunger waxed sore in the land of Egypt. And
all countries came to Egypt to Joseph for to buy corn: because that the hunger was so sore in all
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When Jacob saw that there was corn to be sold in Egypt, he said unto his sons: why are ye negligent ? behold, I have heard that there is corn to be sold in Egypt. Get you there and buy us corn from there, that we may live and not die. So went Joseph's ten brethren down to buy corn in Egypt, for Ben Jamin Joseph's brother would not Jacob send with his other brethren: for he said: some misfortune might happen him.
And the sons of Israel came to buy corn among other that came, for there was dearth also in the land of Canaan. And Joseph was governor in the land, and sold corn to all the people of the land. And his brethren came, and fell flat on the ground before him. When Joseph saw his brethren, he knew them: But made strange unto them, and spake roughly unto them saying: Whence come ye ? and they said: out of the land of Canaan, to buy victual. Joseph knew his brethren, but they knew not him.
And Joseph remembered his dreams which he dreamed of them, and said unto them: ye are spies, and to see where the land is weak is your coming. And they said unto him: nay, my lord: but to buy victual thy servants are come. We are all one man's sons, and mean truly, and thy servants are no spies. And he said unto them: nay verily, but even to see where the land is weak is your coming. And they said: we thy servants are twelve brethren, the sons of one man in the land of Canaan. The youngest is yet with our father, and one no man knows where he is. Joseph said unto them, that is it that I said unto you, that ye are surely spies. Here by ye shall be proved. For by the life of Pharao, ye shall not go from here, until your youngest brother be come hither. Send therefore one of you and let him fetch your brother, and ye shall be in prison in the mean season. And thereby shall your words be proved, whether there be any truth in you: or else by the life of Pharao, ye are but spies. And he put them in ward three days.
And Joseph said unto them the third day: This do and live, for I fear God. If ye mean no hurt, let one of your brethren be bound in the prison, and go ye and bring the necessary food unto your households, and bring your youngest brother unto me: that your words may be believed, and that ye die not. And they did so.
Then they said one to another: we have verily sinned against our brother, in that we saw the anguish of his soul when he besought us, and would not hear him: therefore is this trouble come upon us. Ruben answered them saying: said I not unto you that ye should not sin against the lad ? but ye would not hear. And now verily see, his blood is required. They were not aware that Joseph understood them, for he spake unto them by an interpreter. And he turned from them and wept, and then turned to them again and communed with them, and took out Simeon from among them and bound him before their eyes, and commanded to fill their sacks with corn, and to put every man's money in his sack, and to give them victual to spend by the way. And so it was done to them. And they ladened their asses with the corn and departed there. And as one of them opened his sack, for to give his ass provender in the Inn, he spied his money in his sack's mouth. And he said unto his brethren: my money is restored me again, and is even in my sack's mouth. Then their hearts failed them, and were astonished and said one to another: how cometh it that God dealeth thus with us. And they came unto Jacob their father unto the land of Canaan, and told him all that had happened them saying: The lord of the land spake roughly to us, and took us for spies to search the country. And we said unto him: we mean truly and are no spies. We be twelve brethren sons of our father, one is away, and the youngest is now with our father in the land of Canaan. And the lord of the country said unto us: hereby shall I know if ye mean truly: leave one of your brethren here with me, and take food necessary for your households and get you away, and bring your youngest brother unto me. And thereby shall I know that ye are no spies, but mean truly: So will I deliver you your brother again, and ye shall occupy in the land. And as they emptied their sacks, behold: every man's bundle of money was in his sack. And when both they and their father saw the bundles of money, they were afraid.
And Jacob their father said unto them: Me have ye robbed of my children: Joseph is away,
and Simeon is away, and ye will take Ben Jamin away. All these things fall upon me. Ruben
answered his father saying: Slay my two sons, if I bring him not to thee again. Deliver him
therefore to my hand, and I will bring him to thee again: And he said: my son shall not go down
with you. For his brother is dead, and he is left alone. Moreover some misfortune might happen
upon him by the way which ye go. And so should ye bring my gray head with sorrow unto the
The 43rd Chapter
And the dearth waxed sore in the land. And when they had eaten up that corn which they brought out of the land of Egypt, their father said unto them: go again and buy us a little food. Then said Juda unto him: the man did testify unto us saying: look that ye see not my face except your brother be with you. Therefore if thou wilt send our brother with us, we will go and buy the food. But if thou wilt not send him, we will not go: for the man said unto us: look that ye see not my face, except your brother be with you. And Israel said: wherefore dealt ye so cruelly with me, as to tell the man that ye had yet another brother ? And they said: The man asked us of our kindred saying: is your father yet alive ? have ye not another brother ? And we told him according to these words. How could we know that he would bid us bring our brother down with us ? Then said Juda unto Israel his father: Send the lad with me, and we will rise and go, that we may live and not die: both we, thou and also our children. I will be surety for him, and of my hands require him. If I bring him not to thee and set him before thine eyes, then let me bear the blame for ever. For except we had made this tarrying: by this we had been there twice and come again.
Then their father Israel said unto them: if it must needs be so now: then do thus, take of the best fruits of the land in your vessels, and bring the man a present, a courtesy balm, and a courtesy of honey, spices and myrrh, dates and almonds. And take as much money more with you. And the money that was brought again in your sacks, take it again with you, peradventure it was some oversight.
Take also your brother with you, and arise and go again to the man. And God almighty give you mercy in the sight of the man and send you your other brother and also Ben Jamin, and I will be as a man robbed of his children.
Thus took they the present and twice so much more money with them, and Ben Jamin. And rose up, went down to Egypt, and presented themselves to Joseph. When Joseph saw Ben Jamin with them, he said to the ruler of his house: bring these men home, and slay and make ready: for they shall dine with me at noon. And the man did as Joseph bade, and brought them in to Joseph's house.
When they were brought to Joseph's house, they were afraid and said: because of the money that came in our sacks' mouths at the first time, are we brought, to pick a quarrel with us and to lay some thing to our charge to bring us in bondage and our asses also. Therefore came they to the man that was the ruler over Joseph's house, and communed with him at the door and said:
Sir, we came hither at the first time to buy food, and as we came to an inn and opened our sacks: behold, every man's money was in his sack with full weight: But we have brought it again with us, and other money have we brought also in our hands, to buy food, but we cannot tell who put our money in our sacks. And he said: be of good cheer, fear not: Your God and the God of your fathers hath put you that treasure in your sacks, for I had your money. And he brought Simeon out to them and led them into Joseph's house, and gave them water to wash their feet, and gave their asses provender: And they made ready their present against Joseph came at noon, for they heard say that they should dine there. When Joseph came home, they brought the present into the house to him, which they had in their hands, and fell hat on the ground before him. And he welcomed them courteously saying: is your father that old man which ye told me of, in good health ? and is he yet alive ? they answered: thy servant our father is in good health, and is yet alive. And they bowed themselves and fell to the ground.
And he lifted up his eyes and beheld his brother Ben Jamin his mother's son, and said: is this your youngest brother of whom ye said unto me? And said: God be merciful unto thee my son. And Joseph made haste (for his heart did melt upon his brother) and sought where to weep, and entered into his chamber, for to weep there. And he washed his face and came out and refrained himself, and bade set bread on the table.
And they prepared for him by himself, and for them by themselves, and for the Egyptians
which ate with him by themselves, because the Egyptians may not eat bread with the Hebrews, for
that is an abomination unto the Egyptians. And they sat before him: the eldest according unto his
age, and the youngest according unto his youth. And the men marvelled among themselves. And
they brought rewards unto them from before him: but Ben Jamin's part was five times so much as
any of theirs. And they ate and they drank, and were drunk with him.
The 44th Chapter
And he commanded the ruler of his house saying: fill the men's sacks with food, as much as they can carry, and put every man's money in his bag mouth, and put my silver cup in the sack's mouth of the youngest and his corn money also. And he did as Joseph had said. And in the morning as soon as it was light, the men were let go with their asses. And when they were out of the city and not yet far away, Joseph said unto the ruler of his house: up and follow after the men and overtake them, and say unto them: wherefore have ye rewarded evil for good ? is that not the cup of which my lord drinketh, and doth he not prophesy therein ? ye have evil done that ye have done.
And he overtook them and said the same words unto them. And they answered him: wherefore saith my lord such words ? God forbid that thy servants should do so. Behold, the money which we found in our sack's mouths, we brought again unto thee, out of the land of Canaan: how then should we steal out of my lord's house, either silver or gold ? with whosoever of thy servants it be found let him die, and let us also be my lord's bondmen. And he said: Now therefore according unto your words, he with whom it is found, shall be my servant: but ye, shall be harmless.
And at once every man took down his sack to the ground, and every man opened his sack. And he searched, and began at the eldest and left at the youngest. And the cup was found in Ben Jamin's sack. Then they rent their clothes, and laded every man his ass and went again unto the city. And Juda and his brethren came to Joseph's house, for he was yet there, and they fell before him on the ground. And Joseph said unto them: what deed is this which ye have done ? knew ye not that such a man as I can prophesy ?
Then said Juda: what shall we say unto my lord, what shall we speak or what excuse can we make ? God hath found out the wickedness of thy servants. Behold, both we and he with whom the cup is found, are thy servants. And he answered: God forbid that I should do so, the man with whom the cup is found, he shall be my servant: but go ye in peace unto your father. Then Juda went unto him and said: oh my lord, let thy servant speak a word in my lord's ear, and be not wroth with thy servant: for thou art even as Pharao. My lord asked his servant saying: have ye a father or a brother ? And we answered my lord, we have a father that is old, and a young lad which he begat in his age: and the brother of the said lad is dead, and he is all that is left of that mother. And his father loveth him. Then said my lord unto his servants bring him unto me, that I may set mine eyes upon him. And we answered my lord, that the lad could not go from his father, for if he should leave his father, he were but a dead man. Then saidest thou unto thy servants: except your youngest brother come with you, look that ye see my face no more.
And when we came unto thy servant our father, we shewed him what my lord had said. And when our father said unto us, go again and buy us a little food: we said, that we could not go. Nevertheless if our youngest brother go with us then will we go, for we may not see the man's face, except our youngest brother be with us. Then said thy servant our father unto us. Ye know that my wife bare me two sons. And the one went out from me and it is said of a surety that he is torn in pieces of wild beasts, and I saw him not since. If ye shall take this also away from me and some misfortune happen upon him, then shall ye bring my gray head with sorrow unto the grave.
Now therefore when I come to thy servant my father, if the lad be not with me: seeing that
his life hangeth by the lad's life, then as soon as he seeth that the lad is not come, he will die. So
shall we thy servants bring the gray head of thy servant our father with sorrow unto the grave. For
I thy servant became surety for the lad unto my father and said: if I bring him not unto thee again.
I will bear the blame all my life long. Now therefore let me thy servant bide here for the lad, and
be my lord's bondman: and let the lad go home with his brethren. For how can I go unto my
father, and the lad not with me: lest I should see the wretchedness that shall come on my father.
The 45th Chapter
And Joseph could no longer refrain before all them that stood about him, but commanded that they should go all out from him, and that there should be no man with him, while he uttered himself unto his brethren. And he wept aloud, so that the Egyptians and the house of Pharao heard it. And he said unto his brethren: I am Joseph, doth my father yet live ? But his brethren could not answer him, for they were abashed at his presence. And Joseph said unto his brethren: come near to me, and they came near. And he said: I am Joseph your brother whom ye sold into Egypt. And now be not grieved therewith, neither let it seem a cruel thing in your eyes, that ye sold me here. For God did send me before you to save life. For this is the second year of dearth in the land, and five more are behind in which there shall neither be earing nor harvest.
Wherefore God sent me before you to make provision, that ye might continue in the earth and to save your lives by a great deliverance. So now it was not ye that sent me here, but God: and he hath made me father unto Pharao and lord over all his house, and ruler in all the land of Egypt. Haste you and go to my father and tell him, this sayeth thy son Joseph: God hath made me lord over all Egypt. Come down unto me and tarry not. And thou shalt dwell in the land of Gosan and be by me: both thou and thy children, and thy children's children: and thy sheep, and beasts and all that thou hast. There will I make provision for thee: for there remain yet five years of dearth, lest thou and thy household and all that thou hast perish.
Behold, your eyes do see, and the eyes also of my brother Ben Jamin, that I speak to you by mouth. Therefore tell my father of all my honour which I have in Egypt and of all that ye have seen, and make haste and bring my father here. And he fell on his brother Ben Jamin's neck and wept, and Ben Jamin wept on his neck. Moreover he kissed all his brethren and wept upon them. And after that, his brethren talked with him. And when the tidings was come unto Pharao's house that Joseph's brethren were come, it pleased Pharao well and all his servants.
And Pharao spake unto Joseph: say unto thy brethren, this do ye: lade your beasts and get you hence, And when ye be come unto the land of Canaan, take your father and your households and come unto me, and I will give you the best of the land of Egypt, and ye shall eat the fat of the land. And commanded also. This do ye: take chariots with you out of the land of Egypt, for your children and for your wives: and bring your father and come. Also, regard not your stuff, for the goods of all the land of Egypt shall be yours.
And the children of Israel did even so, And Joseph gave them chariots at the commandment of Pharao, and gave them victual also to spend by the way. And he gave unto each of them change of raiment: but unto Ben Jamin he gave three hundred pieces of silver and five changes of raiment. And unto his father he sent after the same manner: ten he asses laden with goods out of Egypt, and ten she asses laden with corn, bread and meat: to serve his father by the way. So sent he his brethren away, and they departed. And he said unto them: see that ye fall not out by the way.
And they departed from Egypt and came into the land of Canaan unto Jacob their father,
and told him saying. Joseph is yet alive and is governor over all the land of Egypt. And Jacob's
heart wavered, for he believed them not. And they told him all the words of Joseph which he had
said unto them. But when he saw the chariots which Joseph had sent to carry him, then his spirits
revived. And Israel said: I have enough, if Joseph my son be yet alive: I will go and see him,
before that I die.
The 46th Chapter
Israel took his journey with all that he had, and came unto Berseba and offered offerings unto the God of his father Isaac. And God said unto Israel in a vision by night, and called unto him: Jacob Jacob. And he answered: here am I. And he said: I am that mighty God of thy father, fear not to go down into Egypt. For I will make of thee there a great people. I will go down with thee into Egypt, and I will also bring thee up again, and Joseph shall put his hand upon thine eyes. And Jacob rose up from Berseba. And the sons of Israel carried Jacob their father, and their children and their wives in the chariots which Pharao had sent to carry him. And they took their cattle and the goods which they had gotten in the land of Canaan, and came into Egypt: both Jacob and all his seed with him, his sons and his sons' sons with him: his daughters and his sons daughters and all his seed brought he with him into Egypt.
These are the names of the children of Israel which came into Egypt, both Jacob and his sons: Ruben Jacob's first son. The children of Ruben: Hanoch, Pallu, Hezron and Charmi. The children of Simeon: Jemuel, Jami, Ohad, Jachin, Zohar and Saul the son of a Cananitish woman. The children of Levi: Gerson, Kahath and Merari. The children of Juda: Er, Onan, Sela, Pharez and Zerah, but Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan. The children of Pharez, Hezron, and Hamul. The children of Isachar: Tola, Phua, Job and Semson. The children of Zabulon: Sered, Elon and Jaheleel. These be the children of Lea which she bare unto Jacob in Mesopotamia with his daughter Dina. All these souls of his sons and daughters make thirty and three.
The children of Gad: Ziphion, Haggi, Suni, Ezbon, Eri, Arodi and Areli. The children of Asser: Jemna, Jesua, Jesui, Bria and Serah their sister. And the children of Bria were Heber and Malchiel. These are the children of Silpha whom Laban gave to Lea his daughter. And these she bare unto Jacob in number sixteen souls.
The children of Rahel Jacob's wife: Joseph and Ben Jamin. And unto Joseph in the land of Egypt were born: Manasses and Ephraim which Asnath the daughter of Putiphar priest of On bare unto him. The children of Ben Jamin: Bela, Becher, Asbel, Gera, Naeman, Ehi, Ros, Mupim, Hupim and Ard. These are the children of Rahel which were born unto Jacob: fourteen souls altogether. The children of Dan: Husim. The children Nepthali: Jahezeel, Guni, Jezer and Sillem. These are the sons of Bilha which Laban gave unto Rahel his daughter, and she bare these unto Jacob, altogether seven souls. All the souls that came with Jacob into Egypt which came out of his loins (besides his son's wives) were all together sixty and six souls. And the sons of Joseph, which were born him in Egypt were: two souls. So that all the souls of the house of Jacob which came into Egypt are seventy.
And he sent Juda before him unto Joseph that the way might be shewed him unto Gosan, and they came into the land of Gosan. And Joseph made ready his chariot and went to meet Israel his father unto Gosan, and presented himself unto him, and fell on his neck and wept upon his neck a good while. And Israel said unto Joseph: Now I am content to die, insomuch I have seen thee, that thou art yet alive.
And Joseph said unto his brethren and unto his father's house: I will go and show Pharao
and tell him: that my brethren and my father's house which were in the land of Canaan are come
unto me, and how they are shepherds (for they were men of cattle) and they have brought their
sheep and their oxen and all that they have with them. If Pharao call you and ask you what your
occupation is, say: thy servants have been occupied about cattle, from our childhood unto this
time: both we and our fathers, that ye may dwell in the land of Gosan. For the Egyptians abhore
The 47th Chapter
And Joseph went and told Pharao and said: my father and my brethren their sheep and their beasts and all that they have, are come out of the land of Canaan and are in the land of Gosan. And Joseph took a part of his brethren: even five of them, and presented them unto Pharao. And Pharao said unto his brethren: what is your occupation ? And they said unto Pharao: shepherds are thy servants, both we and also our fathers. They said moreover unto Pharao: for to sojourn in the land are we come, for thy servants have no pasture for their sheep so sore is the famishment in the land of Canaan. Now therefore let thy servants dwell in the land of Gosan.
And Pharao said unto Joseph: thy father and thy brethren are come unto thee. The land of Egypt is open before thee: In the best place of the land make both thy father and thy brethren dwell: And even in the land of Gosan let them dwell. Moreover if thou know any men of activity among them, make them rulers over my cattle. And Joseph brought in Jacob his father and set him before Pharao. And Jacob blessed Pharao. And Pharao asked Jacob, how old art thou ? And Jacob said unto Pharao: the days of my pilgrimage are an hundred and thirty years. Few and evil have the days of my life been, and have not attained unto the years of the life of my fathers in the days of their pilgrimages. And Jacob blessed Pharao and went out from him. And Joseph prepared dwellings for his father and his brethren, and gave them possessions in the land of Egypt, in the best of the land: even in the land of Rameses, as Pharao commanded. And Joseph made provision for his father, his brethren and all his father's household, as young children are fed with bread.
There was no bread in all the land, for the dearth was exceeding sore: so that the land of Egypt and the land of Canaan, were famished by the reason of the dearth. And Joseph brought together all the money that was found in the land of Egypt and of Canaan, for the corn which they bought: and he laid up the money in Pharao's house. When money failed in the land of Egypt and of Canaan, all the Egjrptians came unto Joseph and said: give us sustenance: wherefore sufferest thou us to die before thee: for our money is spent. Then said Joseph: bring your cattle, and I will give you for your cattle, if ye be without money. And they brought their cattle unto Joseph. And he gave them bread for horses and sheep, and oxen and asses: so he fed them with bread for all their cattle that year.
When that year was ended, they came unto him the next year and said unto him: we will not hide it from my lord, how that we have neither money nor cattle for my lord: there is no more left for my lord, but even our bodies and our lands. Wherefore lettest thou us die before thine eyes, and the land to go to nought ? buy us and our lands for bread: and let both us and our lands be bond to Pharao. Give us seed, that we may live and not die, and that the land go not to waste.
And Joseph bought all the land of Egypt for Pharao. For the Egyptians sold every man his land because the dearth was sore upon them: and so the land became Pharao's. And he appointed the people unto the cities, from one side of Egypt unto the other: only the land of the Priests bought he not. For there was an ordinance made by Pharao for the priests, that they should eat that which was appointed unto them: which Pharao had given them wherefore they sold not their lands.
Then Joseph said unto the folk: behold I have bought you this day and your lands for Pharao. Take there seed and go sow the land. And of the increase, ye shall give the fifth part unto Pharao, and four parts shall be your own, for seed to sow the field: and for you, and them of your households, and for your children, to eat. And they answered: Thou hast saved our lives. Let us find grace in the sight of my lord, and let us be Pharao's servants. And Joseph made it a law over the land of Egypt unto this day: that men must give Pharao the fifth part, except the land of the priests only, which was not bond unto pharao.
And Israel dwelt in Egypt: even in the country of Gosan. And they had their possessions therein, and they grew and multiplied exceedingly. Moreover Jacob lived in the land of Egypt seventeen years, so that the whole age ofJacob was an hundred and forty-seven years.
When the time drew nigh, that Israel must die: he sent for his son Joseph and said unto
him: IfI have found grace in thy sight, put thy hand under my thigh and deal mercifully and truly
with me, that thou bury me not in Egypt: but let me lie by my fathers, and carry me out of Egypt,
and bury me in their burial. And he answered: I will do as thou hast said. And he said: swear unto
me. And he sware unto him. And then Israel bowed him unto the bed's head.
The 48th Chapter
After these deeds, tidings were brought unto Joseph, that his father was sick. And he took with him his two sons, Manasse and Ephraim. Then was it said unto Jacob: behold, thy son Joseph cometh unto thee. And Israel took his strength unto him, and sat up on the bed, and said unto Joseph: God almighty appeared unto me at Lus in the land of Canaan, and blessed me, and said unto me: behold, I will make thee grow and will multiply thee, and will make a great number of people of thee, and will give this land unto thee and unto thy seed after thee unto an everlasting possession. Now therefore thy two sons Manasse and Ephraim which were born unto thee before I came to thee, into Egypt, shall be mine: even as Ruben and Simeon shall they be unto me. And the children which thou gettest after them, shall be thine own: but shall be called with the names of their brethren in their inheritances. And after I came from Mesopotamia, Rahel died upon my hand in the land of Canaan, by the way: when I had but a field's breadth to go unto Ephrat. And I buried her there in the way to Ephrat which is now called Bethlehem.
And Israel beheld Joseph's sons and said: what are these ? And Joseph said unto his father: they are my sons, which God hath given me here. And he said: bring them to me, and let me bless them. And the eyes of Israel were dim for age, so that he could not see. And he brought them to him, and he kissed them and embraced them. And Israel said unto Joseph: I had not thought to have seen thy face, and yet lo, God hath shewed it me and also thy seed. And Joseph took them away from his lap, and they fell on the ground before him.
Then took Joseph them both: Ephraim in his right hand toward Israel's left hand and Manasse in his left hand, toward Israel's right hand, and brought them unto him. And Israel stretched out his right hand and laid it upon Ephraim's head which was the younger, and his left hand upon Manasse's head, crossing his hands, for Manasse was the elder. And he blessed Joseph saying: God before whom my fathers Abraham and Isaac did walk, and the God which hath fed me all my life long unto this day, And the angel which hath delivered me from all evil, bless these lads: that they may be called after my name, and after my father Abraham and Isaac, and that they may grow and multiply upon the earth.
When Joseph saw that his father laid his right hand upon the head of Ephraim, it displeased him. And he lifted up his father's hand, to have removed it from Ephraim's head unto Manasse's head, and said unto his father: Not so my father, for this is the eldest. Put thy right hand upon his head. And his father would not, but said: I know it well my son, I know it well. He shall be also a people and shall be great. But of a truth his younger brother shall be greater than he, and his seed shall be full of people. And he blessed them saying: At the example of these, the Israelites shall bless and say: God make thee as Ephraim and as Manasse. Thus set he Ephraim before Manasse.
And Israel said unto Joseph: behold, I die. And God shall be with you and bring you again
unto the land of your fathers. Moreover I give unto thee, a portion of land above thy brethren
which I gat out of the hands of the Amorites with my sword and with my bow.
The 49th Chapter
And Jacob called for his sons and said: come together, that I may tell you what shall happen you in the last days. Gather you together and hear ye sons of Jacob, and hearken unto Israel your father.
Ruben, thou art mine eldest son, my might and the beginning of my strength, chief in receiving and chief in power. As unstable as water wast thou: thou shalt therefore not be the chiefest, for thou wentest up upon thy father's bed, and then defiledest thou my couch with going up.
The brethren Simeon and Levi, wicked instruments are their weapons. Into their secrets come not my soul, and unto their congregation be my honour not coupled: for in their wrath they slew a man, and in their self will they *houghed an ox. Cursed be their wrath for it was strong, and their fierceness for it was cruel. I will therefore divide them in Jacob, and scatter them in Israel. *houghed; maginal note: to cut the senows of the leg so that it could not walk. (hamstring)
Juda, thy brethren shall praise thee, and thine hand shall be in the neck of thine enemies, and thy father's children shall stoop unto thee. Juda is a lion's whelp. From spoil my son thou art come on high: he laid him down and couched himself as a lion, and as a lioness. Who dare stir him up ? The sceptre shall not depart from Juda, nor a ruler from between his legs, until Silo come, unto whom the people shall hearken. He shall bind his foal unto the vine, and his ass's colt unto the vine branch, and shall wash his garment in wine and his mantle in the blood of grapes: his eyes are *roudier than wine, and his teeth whiter then milk. *roudier (unknown of sources)
Zabulon shall dwell in the haven of the sea and in the port of ships, and shall reach unto Sidon.
Isachar is a strong ass, he couched him down between two borders, and saw that rest was good and the land that it was pleasant, and bowed his shoulder to bear, and became a servant unto tribute. Dan shall judge his people, as one of the tribes of Israel. Dan shall be a serpent in the way, and an adder in the path, and bite the horse heels, so that his rider shall fall backward. After thy saving look I, Lord.
Gad, men of war shall invade him. And he shall turn them to flight.
Of Asser cometh fat bread, and he shall give pleasures for a king.
Nephtalim is a swift hind, and giveth goodly words. That flourishing child Joseph, that flourishing child and goodly unto the eye: the daughters ran upon the wall. The shooters have envied him and chide with him and hated him, and yet his bow bode fast, and his arms and his hands were strong, by the hands of the mighty God of Jacob: out of him shall come an herdman, a stone in Israel. Thy father s God shall help thee, and the almighty shall bless thee with blessings from heaven above, and with blessings of the water that lieth under, and with blessings of the breasts and of the womb. The blessings of thy father were strong: even as the blessings of my elders, after the desire of the highest in the world, and these blessings shall fall on the head of Joseph, and on the top of the head of him that was separated from his brethren.
Ben Jamin is a ravishing wolf. In the morning he shall devour his prey, and at night he shall divide his spoil.
All these are the twelve tribes of Israel, and this is that which their father spake unto them when he blessed them, every man with a several blessing. And he charged them and said unto them. I shall be put unto my people: see that ye bury me with my fathers, in the cave that is in the field of Ephron the Hethite, in the double cave that is in the field before Mare in the land of Canaan. Which field Abraham bought of Ephron the Hethite for a possession to bury in. There they buried Abraham and Sara his wife, there they buried Isaac and Rebecca his wife. And there I buried Lea: which field and the cave that is therein, was bought of the children of Heth.
When Jacob had commanded all that he would unto his sons, he plucked up his feet upon
the bed and died, and was put unto his people, And Joseph fell upon his father's face, and wept
upon him, and kissed him.
The 50th Chapter
And Joseph commanded his servants that were Physicians, to embalm his father, and the Physicians embalmed Israel forty days long, for so long doth the embalming last, and the Egyptians bewept him seventy days.
And when the days of weeping were ended, Joseph spake unto the house of Pharao saying: If I have found favour in your eyes, speak unto Pharao and tell him, how that my father made me swear and said: lo, I die, see that thou bury me in my grave which I have made me in the land of Canaan. Now therefore let me go and bury my father, and then will I come again. And Pharao said, go and bury thy father, according as he made thee swear.
And Joseph went up to bury his father, and with him went all the servants of Pharao that were the elders of his house, and all the elders of Egypt, and all the house of Joseph and his brethren and his father's house: only their children and their sheep and their cattle left they behind them in the land of Gosan. And there went with him also Chariots and horsemen: so that they were an exceeding great company.
And when they came to the field of Atad beyond Jordan, there they made great and exceeding sore lamentation. And he mourned for his father seven days. When the inhabiters of the land the Cananites saw the mourning in the field of Atad, they said: this is a great mourning which the Egyptians make. Wherefore the name of the place is called Abelmizraim, which place lieth beyond Jordan. And his sons did unto him according as he had commanded them.
And his sons carried him into the land of Canaan and buried him in the double cave which Abraham had bought with the field to be a place to bury in, of Ephron the Hethite before Mamre. And Joseph returned to Egypt again and his brethren, and all that went up with him to bury his father, as soon as he had buried him.
When Joseph's brethren saw that their father was dead, they said: Joseph might fortune to hate us and reward us again all the evil which we did unto him. They did therefore a commandment unto Joseph saying: thy father charged before his death saying: This wise say unto Joseph, forgive I pray thee the trespass of thy brethren and their sin, for they rewarded thee evil. Now therefore we pray thee, forgive the trespass of the servants of thy father's God. And Joseph wept when they spake unto him.
And his brethren came and fell before him and said: behold we be thy servants. And Joseph said unto them: fear not, for am not I under God ? Ye thought evil unto me: but God turned it unto good to bring to pass, as it is this day, even to save much people alive. Fear not therefore, for I will care for you and for your children, and he spake kindly unto them.
Joseph dwelt in Egypt and his father's house also, and lived an hundred and ten years. And Joseph saw Ephraim's children, even unto the third generation. And unto Machir the son of Manasse were children born, and sat on Joseph's knees.
And Joseph said unto his brethren: I die. And God will surely visit you and bring you out
of this land, unto the land which he sware unto Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. And Joseph took an
oath of the children of Israel and said: God will not fail but visit you: see therefore that ye carry
my bones hence. And so Joseph died, when he was an hundred and ten years old. And they
embalmed him and put him in a chest in Egypt.
The end of the first book of Moses