God's First Truth: Tyndale/Rogers
THE FIRST BOOK OF SAMUEL
also called THE FIRST BOOK OF THE KINGS
The 1st Chapter
There was a man of Ramathaim Zophim, of mount Ephraim named Elkanah, the son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Thohu, the son of Zuph an Ephrathite: which had two wives, the one called Hannah and the other Phenennah. And Phenennah had children, but Hannah had none. And the said man went out of his city every feastful day, to pray and to offer unto the Lord of hosts: where the two sons of Eli (Hophni and Phinehes) were the Lords priests. And it fell on a day as Elkanah had offered that he gave to Phenennah his wife and to all her sons and daughters portions. But unto Hannah he gave a portion with a heavy cheer, for he loved her, nevertheless the Lord had made her barren. And thereto her enemy Phenennah vexed her a good in casting her in the teeth how the Lord had made her barren. And so did she year by year as often as she went up to the house of the Lord. And so chafed her: wherefore Hannah wept and ate not. Then said Elkanah her husband to her: Hannah why weepest thou ? and why eatest thou not ? and why is thine heart so troubled ? am not I better to thee, than ten sons Then Hannah rose up after that they had eaten and drunk in Siloh. And Eli the priest sat upon a stool by one of the side posts of the temple of the Lord. And she was troubled in her spirits, and prayed unto the Lord and wept sore, and vowed a vow and said; Lord of hosts, if thou wilt look on the wretchedness of thine handmaid and shalt remember me and not forget thine handmaid, and shalt give unto thine handmaid a man child I will give him unto the Lord, all the days of his life and there shall neither razor or shears come upon his head. And as she continued praying before the Lord, Eli marked her mouth. For Hannah she spake in her heart, and her lips did but move only, but her voice was not heard. And therefore Eli took her for drunken and said unto her, how long wilt thou be drunken ? put away from thee, the wine that thou hast. Hannah answered and said: not so my lord, I am a woman sorrowful in mine heart, and have drunk neither wine nor any strong drink, but I have poured out my soul before the Lord. Count not thine handmaid to be like a daughter of unthriftiness: for out of the abundance of my meditation and grief have I spoken hitherto.
Eli answered and said: go in peace, the God of Israel shall grant thee thy petition that thou hast
asked of him. Then she said, let thine handmaid find grace in thy sight. And so the woman went
her way, and did eat and looked no more so sad. And they rose up early and bowed themselves
before the Lord, and then returned and went to their house to Ramath. And Elkanah lay by his
wife Hannah, and the Lord remembered her. And in process of time she conceived and bare a son
and called his name Samuel: because she had asked him of the Lord. And Elkanah and all his
house went up to offer unto the Lord, both the offerings due for the feast and also his vows: but
Hannah went not up for she said unto her husband: I will tarry until the lad be weaned, and then I
will bring him, that he may appear before the Lord and there abide for ever. And Elkanah her
husband said to her: do what seemeth thee best: tarry until thou hast weaned him, only the Lord
make good his saying. And so the woman abode and gave her son suck, until she weaned him.
And then she took him with her, when she had weaned him, with three bullocks and an Epha of
flour and a bottle of wine, and brought him into the house of the Lord in Siloh, how be it the child
was yet young. And they slew the bullocks and brought in the lad to Eli, and then she said: Oh my
Lord: as truly as thy soul liveth my Lord: I am the woman that stood by thee here, praying unto
the Lord and for this lad I prayed, and the Lord hath given me my desire which I asked of him:
and therefore I also lend him the Lord, as long as he may be lent the Lord. And so they prayed
there unto the Lord.
The 2nd Chapter
And Hannah prayed and said: mine heart rejoiceth in the Lord, mine horn is high in the Lord and my mouth is wide open over mine enemies, for I rejoice in thy saving. There is none so holy as the Lord: no there is none save thou. Neither is there any strength like unto our God. Talk not too much proudly: let old things depart out of your mouths, for the Lord is a God of knowledge, and Judgeth the thoughts. The *bones of the strong are broken: and the weak are endued with strength. They that were full, have hired out themselves for bread, and they that were hungry cease so to be: insomuch that the barren hath borne seven, and she that had many children is waxed feeble. *bones: other places the Lord breaketh the bows of the mighty.
The Lord killeth and maketh alive, bringeth down to hell and fetcheth up again. The Lord maketh poor, and maketh rich, bringeth low, and heaveth up on high. He raiseth up the poor out of the dust, and lifteth up the beggar from the dunghill: to set them among princes, and to inherit them with the seat of glory. For the pillars of the earth are the Lords, and he hath set the round world upon them. He will keep the feet of his saints but the wicked shall keep silence in darkness. For in his own might shall no man be strong. The Lords adversaries shall be made to fear him: and out of heaven he shall thunder upon them. The Lord shall judge the ends of the world, and shall give might unto his King, and exalt the horn of his anointed. And Elkanah went to Ramath to his house, and the lad did minister unto the Lord before Eli the priest.
But the sons of Eli were unthrifty children and knew not the Lord. For the manner of the priests with the people was, whensoever any man offered any offerings the priests lad came, while the flesh was in seething, and a flesh hook with three teeth in his hand, and thrust it into the pan, kettle, cauldron or pot. And all that the flesh hook brought up the priest took away. And so they did unto all Israel that came thither to Siloh. Yee: and thereto before they had offered the fat, the priests lad came and said to the man that offered: give flesh to roast for the priest, for he will not have sodden(boiled) flesh of thee, but raw. And if any man said unto him, let the fat be offered according to the day, and then take as much as thine heart desireth. The lad would answer him, thou shalt give it me now, or else I will take it with violence. And the sin of the young men was very great before the Lord. For they despised the people and also the offering of the Lord.
But the lad Samuel ministered before the Lord girded about with a linen Ephod. Moreover his mother made him a little coat, and brought it to him from feast to feast when she came up with her husband to offer the offering of the said feast. And Eli blessed Elkanah and his wife, and said: the Lord give thee seed of this woman, for that she hath lent the Lord. And they went unto their own home. And the Lord visited Hannah for that she conceived and bare three sons and two daughters. But the boy Samuel grew dwelling still with the Lord.
Eli was very old and heard all that his sons did unto all Israel, and how they slept with the women that waited in the door of the tabernacle of witness, and said unto them: why do ye such things ? For I hear your wicked deeds of all these people. Oh, nay my sons: For it is no good report that I hear how that ye make the Lords people to trespass. If one man sin against another, daysmen may make his peace: but if a man sin against the Lord, who can be his daysman ? Notwithstanding they hearkened not unto the voice of their father, because the Lord would slay them. The child Samuel profited and grew, and was in favour both with the Lord and also with men.
And there came a man of God unto Eli and said unto him: thus saith the Lord. I appeared unto the house of thy father, when they were in Egypt in Pharaos house. And I chose thy father out of all the tribes of Israel to be my priest for to offer upon mine altar and to burn incense, and to wear an Ephod before me. And I gave unto the house of thy father all the offerings of the children of Israel. Wherefore kick ye against my sacrifice and against mine offering which I command in the tabernacle, and honourest thy children above me, and make yourselves fat of the first fruits of all the offerings of Israel my people ? Wherefore the Lord God of Israel saith: I said that thine house and the house of thy father should have walked before me for ever. But now the Lord saith that be far from me: for them that worship me I will worship, and they that despise me, shall be despised, Behold the days will come that I will cut off thine arm and the arm of thy fathers house, that there shall not be an elder in thine house. And thou shalt see thine enemy in the tabernacle, in all that shall please Israel, and there shall not be an elder in thine house while the world standeth. Nevertheless I will not destroy all thy males from my altar, to daze thy sight with all and to make thine heart melt. And all the multitude of thine house shall die young.
And this shall be a sign unto thee, that shall come upon thy two sons, Hophni and Phinehes: even
in one day they shall die both of them. And I will stir me up a faithful priest that shall do as it is in
mine heart and in my mind. And I will build him a sure house. And he shall walk before mine
anointed for ever. And they that are left in thine house, shall come and crouch to him for a little
piece of silver and a cake of bread, and shall say: put me I pray thee in one office or other among
the priests, that I may eat a morsel of bread.
The 3rd Chapter
And the child Samuel ministered unto the Lord before Eli: and the word of the Lord was precious in those days for there was none open vision. And it chanced at that time, that Eli lay in his place, and his eyes began to wax dim that he could not see. And before the lamp of God went out Samuel laid him down to sleep, in the temple of the Lord, where the ark of God was. And the Lord called Samuel: and he said, here am I, and he ran unto Eli and said here am I for thou calledest me. And he said I called thee not: go again and sleep. And he went and laid him down to sleep. And the Lord called once again: Samuel, and Samuel arose and went to Eli and said: I am here, thou didst call me. And he answered: I called thee not my son. Go again and take thy rest: but it was before Samuel knew the Lord and before the word of the Lord was opened unto him. And the Lord went and called Samuel the third time. And he arose and went to Eli and said: I am here, for thou hast called me. Then Eli perceived that the Lord had called the lad. And said unto him, go and lie down: and if he call thee again then say, speak on Lord, for thy servant heareth. And Samuel went and laid him down in his place. And the Lord came and stood and called as before, Samuel, Samuel. And Samuel said: speak on, for thy servant heareth thee. And the Lord said to Samuel: behold, I will do a thing in Israel, that the ears of as many as heareth it, shall tingle. In that day I will perform to Eli, all that I have spoken concerning his house: I will begin it and end it. For I have told him that I will judge his house for ever. For the wickedness which he knoweth, how his sons are ungracious, and he was not wroth therewith. And therefore I have sworn unto the house of Eli, that the wickedness of Elis house, shall not be purged with sacrifice nor offering, while the world standeth. And Samuel lay till morning and then opened the doors of the house of the Lord.
But Samuel feared, to shew Eli the vision. Then Eli called Samuel and said: Samuel my son. And he answered here I am. And he said what is that he said unto thee ? See ye hide it not from me. The Lord do so and so to thee, if thou hide anything from me, of all that he said unto thee. And Samuel told him every whit and hid it not from him. And he answered: it is the Lord, let him do what seemeth him best.
And Samuel grew, and the Lord was with him, and left none of his words unperformed. And all
Israel from Dan to Bersabe knew that Samuel was truly made the Lords prophet. And the Lord
appeared again in Siloh: for the Lord opened himself to Samuel in Siloh, through the word of the
The 4th Chapter
And Samuel spake unto all Israel. And Israel went out against the Philistines to battle, and pitched beside the help stone. And the Philistines pitched in Aphek. And put themselves in array against Israel. And in the end of the battle Israel was put to the worse before the Philistines. And the Philistines slew in array along by the fields, about a four thousand men.
And when the people were come into their tents, the elders of Israel said: wherefore hath the Lord beaten us this day before the Philistines ? let us fetch the ark of the appointment of the Lord, out of Siloh unto us, and let it come among us and save us out of the hands of our enemies. And the people sent to Siloh, and fetched from thence the ark of the appointment of the Lord of hosts which dwelleth between the Cherubins. And there were the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehes with the ark of the appointment of God. And when the ark of the appointment of the Lord came into the host, all Israel shouted a mighty shout, so that the earth rang again.
When the Philistines heard the noise of the shout they said: what meaneth the sound of this mighty shout in the host of the Hebrews ? And they understood how that the ark of the Lord was come into the host. And the Philistines were afraid, when it was told how that God was come into the host and said: Woe unto us, for it was never so before this. Woe unto us, who shall deliver us out of the hand of this mighty God ? This is the God that smote the Egyptians with all manner of plagues in the wilderness. Be strong and quit yourselves like men, ye Philistines, that ye be not servants unto the Hebrews, as they have been to you. Be men therefore and fight. And the Philistines fought, and Israel was put to the worse and fled, every man into his tent. And there was a mighty great slaughter, so that there were overthrown of Israel, thirty thousand footmen. And the ark of God was taken, and the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehes were dead. And there ran a man of Beniamin out of the array and came to Siloh the same day, with his clothes rent and earth upon his head. And when the man came in, Eli sat upon a stool by the wayside looking: for his heart feared for the ark of God. And the man came in and told it in the city. And all the city cried.
When Eli heard the noise of the crying, he asked what the noise of that rumour meant. And the man hasted and came in and told Eli. Eli was four score and eighteen year old, and his sight failed him that he could not see. And the man said unto Eli: I am he that came out of the array and fled out of the host this day. And he said how is it fortuned, my son ? And the messenger answered and said: Israel is fled before the Philistines, and there is a great slaughter chanced among the people, and thy two sons, Hophni and Phinehes are dead, and thereto the ark of God is taken. And when he made mention of the ark of God, Eli fell from off his stool backward toward the gate, and his neck brake, and he died: for he was old and unwieldy, and he had judged Israel forty years.
And his daughter in law Phinehes wife was with child and nigh the birth. And when she heard the
tidings of the taking of the ark of God, and that her father in law and her husband were dead, she
bowed herself and travailed, for her pains came upon her. And about the time of her death, the
women that stood about her, said unto her: fear not for thou hast borne a son. But she answered
not nor regarded it. And she named the child Ichabod saying: honour is departed from Israel.
Because the ark of God was taken, and her father in law and her husband were dead. And
therefore she said, honour is gone from Israel, because the ark of God was taken.
The 5th Chapter
And the Philistines took the ark of God and carried it from the help stone, unto Asdod, and brought it unto the house of Dagon, and set it by Dagon. And when they of Asdod were up in the morning behold, Dagon lay grovelling upon the earth before the ark of the Lord. And they took Dagon and set him in his place again. And when they were up early in the next morning behold, Dagon lay grovelling upon the ground before the ark of the Lord, and his head and his two hands cut off upon the threshold, that the body only was left on him. Wherefore neither the priests of Dagon, neither any man that cometh into Dagons house might tread on the threshold of Dagon in Asdod, unto this day.
But the hand of the Lord was heavy upon them of Asdod, and he destroyed them, and smote them with *Emerods, both Asdod and all the coasts thereof. And when the men of Asdod saw that it was so, they said: the ark of the God of Israel shall not abide here with us, for his hand is sore upon us and upon Dagon our god. And so they sent and gathered all the Lords of the Philistines unto them and said: what shall we do with the ark of the God of Israel ? Then said they of Geth let the ark of the God of Israel be carried about. And they carried the ark of the God of Israel about. And when they had carried it about, the hand of the Lord was in the city with a mighty great plague, and he smote the men of the city both small and great: and they were smitten in their secret places, with the *Emerods. Then they sent the ark of God to Akaron. And as soon as the ark of God came to Akaron, the Akaronites cried out saying: they have brought the ark of the God of Israel unto us: to slay us and our people. *Emerods: tumors, boils, burning
Then they sent and fetched all the Lords of the Philistines unto them and said: send away the ark
of the God of Israel, and let it go home again unto his own place, that it slay us not with our
people. For there was a plague of death throughout all the city, and the hand of God was
exceeding sore there, insomuch that they which died not, were smitten with the Emerods: so that
the cry of the city went up to heaven.
The 6th Chapter
And so when ark of the Lord had been in the country of the Philistines seven months, the Philistines called for the priests and the soothsayers saying: what shall we do with the ark of the Lord ? tell us wherewith we shall send it home again. They answered if you send the ark of the God of Israel home again send it not empty: But reward it with a trespass offering: and then ye shall be whole, and it shall be known to you, why his hand departeth not from you.
Then said they, what shall be the trespass offering which we shall reward him with ? And they answered: five golden *arses with Emerods and five golden mice, according to the number of the Lords of the Philistines. For it was one manner of plague that was on you all, and on your Lords too. Wherefore ye shall make images like to your *arses with Emerods and images like to your mice that destroyed your land, and shall give glory unto the God of Israel: that he may take his hand from off you, and from off your Gods, and from off your land. Wherefore should ye harden your hearts as the Egyptians and Pharao hardened their hearts, which for all that (when he had played his pageants with them) were fain (happy/obliged) to let the people go and depart. *arses:asses that is buttocks
Now therefore make a new cart and take two milch kine(cows), on whose neck never came yoke. And tie the kine in the cart, and bring the calves home from them. Then take the ark of the Lord and put it in the cart, and put the Jewels of gold (which ye reward him with for a trespass offering) in a forcer by the side thereof and send it away and let it go. And mark if he go up by the way that leadeth unto his own coast, to Bethsames, then it is he that did us this great evil. But and if he do not, then it is not his hand that smote us, but it was a chance that happened us. And the men did even so: they took two kine that gave milk and tied them in the cart, and kept the calves at home, and they laid the ark of the Lord upon the cart and the forcer with the mice of gold and the images of their arses with Emerods. And the kine took the straight way to Bethsames, both one way, and as they went, lowed, turning neither to the right hand nor to the left. And the Lords of the Philistines went after them until they came to the borders of Bethsames.
And they of Bethsames were reaping their wheat harvest in the valley. And they lifted up their
eyes and spied the ark. And rejoiced when they saw it. And the cart came into the grove of one
Jehosua a Bethsamite, and stood still there. There was there also a great stone. And they clave the
wood of the cart and offered the kine a burnt offering unto the Lord. And the Levites took down
the ark of the Lord and the forcer that was thereby, wherein the Jewels of gold were and put them
on the great stone. And the men of Bethsames sacrificed burnt sacrifice and offered offerings that
same day unto the Lord. And when the five Lords of the Philistines had seen it, they returned to
Akaron the same day. These are the golden arses with Emerods which the Philistines gave to
amends for a trespass offering to the Lord: for Asdod one: for Gaza one: for Askalon one: for
Geth one: and for Akaron one. And the golden mice were according to the number of all the cities
of the Philistines through the five lordships: both of walled towns and of towns unwailed, even
unto the great stone, whereon they set down the ark of the Lord: which stone remaineth unto this
day in the field of Jehosua the Bethsamite. And he plagued the men of Bethsames, because they
had seen the ark of the Lord. And he slew of the people fifty thousand and three score and ten
persons. And the people lamented, because the Lord had slain so great a slaughter of them. And
the men of Bethsames said who is able to stand before the Lord so holy a God and to whom shall
he go from us ? And they sent messengers to the inhabiters of Kariath Jarim saying: The
Philistines have brought home again the Ark of the Lord: come down and fetch it up to you.
The 7th Chapter
And the men of Kariathjarim came and set up the ark of the Lord, and brought it unto the house of Abinadab in Gabaah and sanctified Eleazar his son to wait upon the ark of the Lord. And while the ark abode in Kariathjarim, the days multiplied, that it was twenty years, and all Israel lamented after the Lord.
And Samuel spake unto all Israel saying: if ye be come again unto the Lord with all your hearts,
then put away the strange Gods from among you, and Astharoth, and prepare your hearts unto
the Lord and serve him alone, and so shall he rid you out of the hands of the Philistines. And then
the children of Israel did put away Baalim and Astharoth, and served the Lord only. Then said
Samuel: gather all Israel to Mazphah, that I may pray for you unto the Lord. And they gathered
together to Mazphah, and drew water and poured it out before the Lord and fasted the same day
and said there: we have sinned against the Lord. And Samuel judged the causes of the children of
Israel in Mazphah. When the Philistines heard, that the children of Israel were gathered together
to Mazphah, the Lords of the Philistines went up against Israel. And when the children of Israel
heard that, they were afraid of the Philistines and said to Samuel: cease not to cry unto the Lord
our God for us, that he may save us out of the hands of the Philistines. And Samuel took a
sucking lamb and offered it altogether for a burnt offering, unto the Lord and cried unto the Lord
for Israel: and the Lord heard him. And as Samuel offered the burnt offering, the Philistines came
to fight against Israel. But the Lord thundered a great thunder the same day upon the Philistines,
and turmoiled them, that they were beaten before Israel. And the men of Israel issued out of
Mazphah and pursued the Philistines and slew them, until they came under Bethcar. And the
Samuel took a stone and pitched it between Mazphah and Sen, and called the name thereof the
stone of help, saying: thus far hath the Lord help us. And so the Philistines were brought under
that they came no more into the coasts of Israel: for the hand of the Lord was upon the Philistines
all the days of Samuel. Thereto the cities which the Philistines had taken from Israel came again to
Israel, even from Akaron to Geth, with the coasts of the same, which Israel plucked out of the
hands of the Philistines. For there was peace between Israel and the Amorites. And Samuel judged
Israel all the days of his life, and went about year by year, to Bethel Galgal and Mazphah, and
judged Israel in all those places, and came again to Ramath: for there was his house, and there he
judged Israel, and there he built an altar unto the Lord.
The 8th Chapter
When Samuel was old, he made his sons judges over Israel. The name of his eldest son was Joel, and the name of the second Abiath, which were judges in Bersabe. Nevertheless his sons followed not his steps: but turned aside after *lucre and took rewards, and perverted the right. Then all the elders of Israel gathered them together and came to Samuel unto Kamath and said unto him: behold, thou art old and thy sons follow not thy ways. Now therefore make us a king to judge us, as all other nations have. But the thing displeased Samuel, when they said, give us a king tojudge us. And Samuel prayed unto the Lord. And the Lord said unto Samuel, hear the voice of the people in all that they say unto thee. For they have not cast thee away, but me: that I should not reign over them. And as they have ever done (since I brought them out of Egypt unto this day, and have forsaken me and served other Gods) even so do they unto thee. Now therefore hearken unto their voice: howbeit yet, testify unto them and show them the duty of the king that shall reign over them. And Samuel told all the words of the Lord unto the people that asked a king of him, and he said: this shall be the *duty of the king that shall reign over you: he will take your sons and put them to his chariots and make his horsemen of them and they must run before his chariot, and will make him captains of them over thousands and over fifties, and set them to ear his ground, and to gather in his harvest, and to make instruments of war and apparel for his chariots. And he will take your daughters and make them the dressers of his ointments, and his cooks and bakers. And he shall take the best of your fields, and of your vineyards and of your olive trees, and give them to his servants. And he shall take the tenth of your seed and of your vines, and give it to his lords, and to his servants. And he shall take the best of your menservants and maidservants and young men, and of your asses, and do his work with them. And he shall take the tenth of your sheep, and ye shall be his servants. And when ye cry out at that time upon your king which ye shall have chosen you, the Lord will not hear you at that day. *lucre: unearned profit, shameful gain. *duty: as in burden, tax, what he will require.
Nevertheless the people would not hear the voice of Samuel, but did say: nay not so: But there
shall be a king over us, and we will be like all other nations. And our king shall judge us, and go
out before us and fight our battles. And Samuel heard all the words of the people and rehearsed
them in the ears of the Lord. And the Lord said to Samuel: hearken unto their voice and make
them a king. Then said Samuel unto the men of Israel: go every man to his city.
The 9th Chapter
Now there was a man of Benjamin named Cis the son of Abiel, the son of Zeroz. the son of Bechorath, the son of Aphiah, the son of a man that was a Jeminite, a man of might: the same had a son called Saul, a goodly young man, so that among the children of Israel, there was none goodlier than he, and was thereto from the shoulders upward higher than all the other people. And it chanced that the Asses of this Cis Sauls father were lost. Then said Cis to Saul his son: Take one of the lads with thee and up and go seek the Asses. And they went through mount Ephraim and through the land of Salisa, and found them not. Then they went through the land of Salim, and there they were not. Then they went also through the land of Jemini, and they found them not. Then when they were come to the land of Zuph, Saul said to the young man that was with him: come let us return, lest my father leave caring for the Asses, and take thought for us. And he answered him: behold there is in this city a worshipful man of God, and all that he saith, cometh to pass. Now then let us go thither: peradventure he shall show us what way we may go. Then said Saul to his lad: if we go what shall we bring the man ? For our bread is all spent out of our hampers and there is none other present to bring the man of God, what have we ? And the young man answered Saul again and said: I have found about me the fourth part of a Sickle, that will we give the man of God to tell us our way.
Before time in Israel when a man went to seek an answer of God, thus wise he spake, come and let us go to the Sear. For he that is now called a prophet, was in the old time called a Sear. Then said Saul to his young man: well said of thee: come let us go. And so they went unto the city where the man of God was. And as they were going up into the city, they met with damsels that came out to draw water, and said unto them: is there here a sear ? And the maidens answered them, yee: behold, he goeth before you. Make haste now, for he came this day to the city, for the people must offer this day in the hill. When ye be come into the city, so shall you find him, before he go up to the hill to eat: for the people will not eat until he come, because he must bless the offering. And then eat they that be bidden to the feast. Now therefore get you up for even now shall ye find him. And they went up into the city. And when they were come into the midst of the city: behold, Samuel came out against them, for to go up to the hill. But the Lord had told Samuel a day before Saul came, saying: tomorrow this time I will send thee a man out of the land of Benjamin, him shalt thou anoint to be captain over my people Israel, that he may save my people out of the hand of the Philistines, for I have looked upon my people and their cry is come unto me. When Samuel saw Saul, the Lord answered him: see, this is the man whom I spake to thee of. This same shall reign over my people.
Then went Saul to Samuel in the middle of the gate, and said: tell me I pray thee, where about the sears house is, and Samuel answered Saul and said: I am the sear, go up before me unto the hill, for ye shall eat with me to day. And tomorrow I will let thee go early, and will tell thee all that is in thine heart, and as for thine asses that were lost this day three days, care not for them, for they are found. And moreover whose shall the beautiful things of Israel be ? belong they not unto thee, and unto all thy fathers house ? But Saul answered and said: am not I the son of a Jeminite of the smallest tribe of Israel, and my kindred the least of all the kindreds of the tribe of Benjamin, wherefore then speakest thou so to me ?
And Samuel took Saul and his lad and brought them into the parlour and made them sit in the
chiefest place among them that were bidden: which were upon a thirty persons. Then said Samuel
unto the cook: bring forth the portion which I gave thee, and of which I said keep it with thee.
And the cook took up the shoulder and brought it, and set it before Saul. And Samuel said:
behold, that which is left: put it before thee and eat, for I kept it for thee of purpose, when I called
the people. And so Saul did eat with Samuel that day. And when they were come down from the
hill unto the city, Samuel communed with Saul upon the top of the house: and they arose early.
And about the spring of the day Samuel called Saul upon the top of the house saying: up that I
may send thee away. And Saul arose. And they went out at the doors both of them, both he and
Samuel. And when they were come almost out of the town, Samuel said to Saul: bid the lad go
before us, and he went, but stand thou still awhile even now, that I may show thee what God
The 10th Chapter
And then Samuel took a box of oil and poured it upon his head and kissed him and said: the Lord hath anointed thee to be a captain over his inheritance. And now when thou art departed from me, thou shalt meet two men by Rahels sepulchre in the borders of Benjamin even at Zalezah. And they will say unto thee, the asses which thou wentest to seek, are found see, thy father hath left the care of the Asses and sorroweth for you saying: what shall I do for my son ? Then thou shalt go forth from thence and shalt come to the oak of Thabor. And there shalt thou meet three men going to God to Bethel: one carrying three kids: and another carrying three leaves of bread: and the third carrying a bottle of wine. And they will salute thee and give thee two leaves of bread: which thou shalt receive of their hands. After that thou shalt come to the hill of God, where the Philistines keep their watch. And when thou art come thither to the city thou shalt meet a company of prophets coming down from the hill, with a psalter, a timbrel, a pipe, and a harp before them, and they prophesying. And the spirit of the Lord will come upon thee, and thou shalt prophesy with them, and shalt be turned into another man. And when these signs are chanced thee, then do what thou hast to do, for God is with thee. And thou shalt also go before me to Galgal. And behold I will come unto thee to sacrifice burnt sacrifice and peace offerings. Tarry for me seven days till I come to thee and show thee what thou shalt do. And as soon as he had turned his shoulder to go from Samuel, God gave him another manner of heart, and all those tokens came to pass that same day. When they came to the hill: behold the company of prophets met him, and the spirit of God came upon him, and the prophesied among them. And all that knew him before, when they saw that he prophesied among the prophets, they said each to other: what is happened unto the son of Cis ? Is Saul also among the prophets ? And one of the same place answered and said: who is their father? And thereof sprang a proverb: what is Saul also among the prophets ? And when he had made an end of prophesying, he came to the hill. Sauls fathers brother said unto him and his lad: whither went ye ? And he answered: to seek the asses, and when we saw that they were nowhere, we went to Samuel. Then said Sauls uncle: tell me what Samuel said unto you ? And Saul answered his uncle: he told us that the asses were found. But of the kingdom whereof Samuel spake told he him not. After that Samuel called the people together unto the Lord to Mazphah and said unto the children of Israel: thus saith the Lord God of Israel, I brought you out of Egypt, and delivered you out of the hand of the Egyptians, and out of the hands of all kingdoms that oppressed you. And ye have this day cast away your God that help you out of all your adversities and tribulations. And ye have said unto him, make a king over us. Now therefore stand before the Lord by your tribes and your thousands. And when Samuel had brought all the tribes of Israel the tribe of Benjamin was caught. When he had brought the tribe of Benjamin by their kindreds, the kindred of Metri was caught: and Saul the son of Cis was caught. And they sought him: but he could not be found. Then they asked the Lord further: whither the man should come thither. And the Lord answered: behold, he hath hid himself among the stuff. And they ran and fetched him thence. And when he stood among the people, he was higher than any of the people from the shoulders upward. And Samuel said to all the people: there see ye whom the Lord hath chosen and how there is none like him among all the company. And all the people shouted and said: God send the king life.
Then Samuel told the people the duty of the kingdom, and wrote it in a book, and laid it up before
the Lord, and so sent all the people away, every man to his house. And Saul also went home to
Gabaah. And there went with him an host, such as God hath touched their hearts. But the children
of unthriftiness said: how shall he save us ? and despised him and brought him not presents. And
he made as though he had not heard it.
The 11th Chapter
Then Nahas the Ammonite came and beseiged Jabes in Galaad. And all the people of Jabes said unto Nahas: make a covenant with us and we will be thy servants. And Nahas the Ammonite said: hereto will I make a covenant with you, even to thrust out all your right eyes, that I may bring that shame upon all Israel. Then said the elders of Jabes: give us seven days respite that we may send messengers unto all the coasts of Israel. And then if there come no man to help us, we will come out to thee. Then came the messengers to Gabaah where Saul dwelt, and told this tidings in the ears of the people. And all the people lifted up their voices and wept. And behold Saul came following his oxen out of the field, and asked what ailed the people to weep. And they told him the tidings of the men of Jabes. Then came the spirit of God upon Saul, when he heard those tidings, and he was exceeding angry. And took a yoke of oxen and hewed them in pieces, and sent them throughout all the coasts of Israel by the hands of messengers saying: whosoever cometh not forth after Saul and after Samuel, so shall his oxen be served. Then the fear of the Lord fell upon the people, and they came out as it had been but one man. And when they were numbered in Bezek the children of Israel were three hundred thousand, and the men of Juda thirty thousand. And they said unto the messengers that came, so say unto the men of Jabes in Galaad: tomorrow by that time the *son be hot, ye shall have help. And the messengers came and showed the men of Jabes, and they were glad. And then the men of Jabes said: tomorrow we will come out unto you, that ye may do with us all that pleaseth you. And on the morrow Saul put the people in three parts. And they came in upon the host in the morning watch, and slew the Ammonites, until the heat of the day. And they that remained, scattered: so that two of them were not left together. Then said the people to Samuel: what are they that said: shall Saul reign over us ? bring them that we may slay them. But Saul said: there shall no man die this day, for today the Lord hath saved Israel.*son: sonne, this is exactly the way it appears, else where in the text is sun found as sunne.
Then said Samuel unto the people: come and let us go to Galgal, and renew the kingdom there.
And the people went to Galgal and made Saul King there, before the Lord in Galgal. And there
they offered peace offerings before the Lord. And there Saul and all the people rejoiced
The 12th Chapter
Then said Samuel unto all Israel: behold I have obeyed your voice in all that ye said unto me, and have made you a King. And see your king walketh before you. But I am old and gray headed: and behold my sons are with you and I have walked before you from my childhood unto this day. Behold here I am: answer me before the Lord and before his anointed, whose ox have I taken, or whose Ass have I taken ? whom have I done wrong to ? or whom have I *pilled ? And of whose hand have I received any bribe, to blind mine eyes therewith ? and I will restore it you again. And they said thou hast done us no wrong, nor *pilled us, neither hast thou taken ought of any mans hand. Then said he to them: the Lord is witness unto you, and his anointed is witness this day, that ye have found nought in my hands. And they answered: we are witnesses. Then said Samuel unto the people it is the Lord that made Moses and Aaron, and which brought your fathers out of Egypt. Now therefore stand still, and let me reason with you before the Lord, of all the righteousnesses of the Lord which he showed both you and your fathers. * pilled is to charge an excessive price for something,
After that Jacob was come into Egypt, your fathers cried unto the Lord, and the Lord sent Moses and Aaron, which brought your fathers out of Egypt, and made them dwell in this place. Neverthelater they forgot the Lord their God. And he sold them into the hand of Sisara chief captain of Jabin king of Nazor, and into the hands of the philistines and into the hands of the King of Moab, which fought against them. Then they cried unto the Lord and said: we have sinned, because we have forsaken the Lord and have served Baalim and Astharoth. But now deliver us out of the hands of our enemies and we will serve thee. And the Lord sent Jerobaal, Badan, Jephthah, and Samuel, and delivered you out of the hands of your enemies on every side, so that ye dwelled without fear. And for all that when you saw that Nahas the king of the children of Ammon came against you, ye said unto me: not so, a king shall reign over us, when yet the Lord your God was your King. Now therefore behold the King, whom ye have chosen and whom ye have desired: see, the Lord hath given you a King, Oh that ye would fear the Lord and serve him and hear his voice and not disobey the mouth of the Lord: and that both ye and the King that reigneth over you would follow the Lord your God. For if ye shall not hearken unto the voice of the Lord, but shall disobey the Lords mouth: then shall the hand of the Lord be upon you and on your fathers. Now also stand and see this great thing which the Lord will do before your eyes: is it not now wheat harvest. And yet for all that, I will call unto the Lord, and he shall send thunder and rain. Wherefore perceive and understand: how that your wickedness is great which ye have done in the sight of the Lord in asking you a King. And when Samuel called unto the Lord, the Lord sent thunder and rain the same day. And all the people feared the Lord and Samuel exceedingly. Then said all the people unto Samuel: pray for thy servants unto the Lord thy God, that we die not: for we have sinned in asking us a king, beside all the sins that ever we did.
Then said Samuel unto the people: fear not. And though ye have done all this wickedness yet
depart not from the Lord in any case. But serve him with all your hearts. Neither turn ye after vain
things which cannot deliver you, for they are but vanities. But the Lord will not forsake his
people, because of his great names sake: because the Lord hath begun to make you his people.
Moreover God forbid that I should sin against the Lord in leaving praying for you and to show
you the good and right way. Only fear you the Lord and serve him truly with all your hearts: for
he hath done great things for you. But and if ye shall do wickedly: then shall both ye and your
King thereto perish.
The 13th Chapter
Saul was as a child of a year old, when he began to reign. And when he had reigned two years over Israel, he chose him three thousand men out of Israel. Two thousand were with Saul in Machmas and mount Bethel, and a thousand with Jonathas in Gabaah Benjamin. And the rest of the people he sent, every man to his own house. And Jonathas slew the Philistines in an hold they had in Gabaah, and it came to the Philistines ears. And Saul caused the trumpet to be blown throughout all the land saying: let the Hebrews hear. And all Israel heard say, how that Saul had destroyed an hold of the Philistines, and how that Israel stank unto the Philistines. And all the people cried after Saul to Galgal.
Then the Philistines gathered themselves together to fight with Israel, thirty thousand chariots and
Six thousand horsemen with other people like the sand by the seas side in multitude and came up
and pitched in Michmas eastward from Bethaven. And when the men of Israel saw themselves in a
strait, and that the people were acumbered,(encumbered) they hid themselves in caves, in privy
holes, in rocks, dens and pits. And the Hebrews went over Jordan unto the land of Gad and
Galaad. But Saul was yet in Galgal, and all the people that followed him were astonied. And he
tarried seven days, as Samuel had appointed. But Samuel came not to Galgal, and the people
scattered from him. Wherefore Saul said: bring burnt sacrifice to me and peace offerings. And he
offered burnt sacrifice. And as soon as he had made an end of offering burnt offerings behold,
Samuel came. And Saul went against him, to Salute him. Then said Samuel to Saul: what hast
thou done ? And Saul said, because I saw that the people scattered from me, and yet thou camest
not within the days appointed and that the phlistines gathered themselves together to Machmas:
then said I, the Philistines shall come down upon me to Galgal, before I have made supplication
unto the Lord. And therefore I took a courage with me and offered burnt offerings. Then said
Samuel to Saul: thou hast done foolishly and hast not kept the commandment of the Lord thy God
which he commanded thee. For at this time would the lord have stablished thy kingdom upon
Israel for ever. But now thy kingdom shall not continue. The Lord hath sought him a man after his
own heart, and hath commanded him to be a captain over his people: because thou hast not kept
that which the Lord commanded thee. And Samuel arose and gat him from Galgal to Gabaah
Benjamin. And Saul numbered the people that were found with him, about a six hundred men.
And Saul and Jonathas his son and the people that were found with them, had their abiding in
Gabaah Benjamin. But the Philistines had pitched in Machmas. And there came out of the host of
the Philistines three companies, to destroy: one company turned unto the way that leadeth to
Ephrah unto the land of Sual. And another company turned the way to Bethoron. And the third
company turned to the way of the coast that turneth to the valley of Zeboim toward the
wilderness. But there was no smith throughout the land of Israel. For the Philistines thought that
then the Hebrews might make them swords or spears. And therefore must all Israel go down to
the Philistines, to mend every man his share, his mattock, his axe or his sickle: as oft as the edges
of the sickles, mattocks, dung forks, and axes were blunt, and also to mend their goods. And so in
time of battle there was neither sword nor spear found in the hands of any of the people that were
with Saul and Jonathas: save for Saul and Jonathas his son was there somewhat found. And the
Garrison of the Philistines came out and stood on the other side before Machmas.
The 14th Chapter
And it fell on a day, that Jonathas the son of Saul said unto his young man that bare his harness: come and let us go over to the watchmen of the Philistines that are yonder on the other side, and told not his father. But Saul tarried in the utmost part of Gabaah under a pomegranate tree, that was in Magron, and the people that were with him were upon a six hundred men. And Ahiah the son of Ahitob Ichabods brother, the son of Phinehes, the son of Eli, was the Lords priest in Siloh and bare an Ephod. But the people knew not that Jonathas was gone.
And in the way over by which Jonathas sought to go over unto the garrison of the philistines, were there two sharp rocks, even one on the one side, and the other one the other side: the one called Bozez, and the other Seneh. And the one leaneth northward toward Machmas, and the other southward toward Gabaah. Then said Jonathas to the young man that bare his harness: come and let us go over unto the standing of these uncircumcised, peradventure the Lord will work with us: for the Lord is free to save with many or with few. And his harness bearer said unto him do all that is in thine heart: set thee forward: and see I am with thee, as thine heart lusteth. Then said Jonathas: behold when we go over unto the men, and show ourselves unto them: if they say on this wise to us: tarry until we come to you, then we will stand still where we be and not go up unto them. But and if they so say unto us: come up unto us, then we will go up, for the Lord hath delivered them into our hands. And this shall be a sign unto us. And when they had both showed themselves unto the garrison of the Philistines, the Philistines said: see, the Hebrews come out of the holes where they had hid themselves in. And the men of the garrison answered Jonathas and his harness bearer and said: come up to us, and we will show you a thing. Then said Jonathas unto his harness bearer: come up after me, for the Lord hath delivered them into the hands of Israel. And Jonathas clame (climbed) upon hands and feet, and his harness bearer after him. Then they fell before Jonathas: and his harness bearer slew them after him. And that first slaughter which Jonathas and his harness bearer made was upon a twenty men, within the compass as it were about an half acre of land. And there was a fear in the host that was in the field, and among all the people: insomuch that they that kept the hold, and they that were gone to rob, were afraid also: and the earth trembled and there was a fear sent of God. And the watchmen of Saul in Gabaah Benjamin, saw. And behold, the people scattered and ran hither and thither. Then said Saul unto the people that was with him: number and see who is gone away from us. And when they had told: behold, Jonathas and his harness bearer were not there. And then Saul said unto Ahia: bring hither the ark of God. For the ark of God was at the time with the children of Israel. And while Saul talked unto the priest, the people that were in the host of the philistines, ran more and more. And Saul said unto the priest: withdraw thine hand. And Saul cried and all the people that were with him, and went to battle. And behold every mans sword was against his fellow, with a mighty great slaughter. Moreover the Hebrews that were with the Philistines before that time, and were come with them in all parts of the host, they turned to Israel that was with Saul and Jonathas. And they also which had hid themselves in mount Ephraim, as soon as they heard how that the Philistines were fled, they followed after them in battle. And so God help Israel that day. And the battle continued until they came unto Bethaven.
And the men of Israel joined themselves together that day: and Saul adjured the people saying: Cursed be he that eateth any food until night, that I may be avenged of mine enemies. And so there was none of the people that tasted any sustenance. And all the land came to a wood where honey lay upon the ground. And when the people were come into the wood: Behold, the honey dropped. How be it there was no man that moved his hand to his mouth, because that the people feared the curse. But Jonathas heard not when his father adjured the people, wherefore he put forth the end of the staff that was in his hand, and dipped it in an honey comb, and put his hand to his mouth, and his eyes received sight. Then spake one of the people and said: thy father adjured the people saying: Cursed be the man that eateth any sustenance this day, and yet the people were fainty. Then said Jonathas: my father hath troubled the land: for see, mine eyes hath received sight, because I tasted a little of this honey: how then if all the people had eaten of the spoil of their enemies which they found, had there not been then a much greater slaughter among the Philistines? And they laid on the Philistines that day, from Machmas to Aialon. And the people were exceeding fainty.
Then the people gat them to the spoil and took sheep oxen and calves, and slew them on the ground and did eat with the blood. Then men told Saul saying: Behold the people sin against the Lord, in that they eat with the blood. And he said: ye have trespassed. But roll a great stone unto me now, and go abroad among the people and bid them bring every man his ox and every man his sheep, and slay them here, and sin not against the Lord in eating with the blood. And the people brought every man his ox in his hand by night and slew them there. And Saul made an altar unto the Lord. And that was the first altar that he made unto the Lord. And Saul said: let us go down after the Philistines by night, and let us make havoc among them until it be day in the morning, and let us not leave one of them. And the people answered: do whatsoever thou thinkest best. Then said the priest: let us come hither unto God. And Saul asked of God: shall I go down after the Philistines ? and wilt thou deliver them into mine hands ? But he answered him not at that time. Then said Saul let the people come hither out of all quarters, and know and see, in whom this sin is chanced this day: for as truly as the Lord liveth which hath saved Israel, though it be in Jonathas my son, he shall die for it. But no man answered him of all the people.
Then he said unto all Israel: be ye on one side, and I and Jonathas my son will be on another. And the people said unto Saul: what thou thinkest best that do. And Saul said unto the Lord God of Israel: give perfect knowledge. And Saul and Jonathas were caught, and the people escaped free. Then said Saul: cast lots between me and Jonathas my son. And Jonathas was caught. Then Saul said to Jonathas: tell me what thou hast done. And Jonathas told him and said: I tasted a little honey upon the end of my staff that was in mine hand, and see, I must die.
Then said Saul God do so and so to me, except that thou die Jonathas. But the people said unto
Saul: shallJonathas die which hath so mightily help Israel ? God forbid. As truly as the Lord liveth,
there shall not one hair of his head fall to the ground: for he hath wrought with God this day. And
so the people delivered Jonathas, that he died not. And then Saul departed from following the
Philistines. And the Philistines went to their own place. And so Saul took the kingdom over Israel,
and fought against all his enemies on every side: against the Moabites: against the children of
Ammon: against the Edomites: against the kings of Zobah and against the Philistines. And
whether so ever he turned himself, there he won, and played the man and slew the Amalekites,
and rid Israel out of the hands of them that spoiled them. The sons of Saul were, Jonathas, Jesui,
and Melchisua. And his two daughters were thus named: the elder was called Merob and the
younger Michol. And the name of Sauls wife was Ahinoam the daughter of Ahimaaz. And the
name of his chief captain was Abner the son of Ner Sauls uncle. And Cis was Sauls father. And
Ner the father of Abner was the son of Abiel. And there was sore war with the Philistines, all the
days of Saul. For wheresoever Saul saw a strong man, and an active, he took him unto him.
The 15th Chapter
Then said Samuel unto Saul: the Lord sent me to anoint thee King over his people Israel. Now therefore obey thou the voice of the words of the Lord. Thus saith the Lord of hosts: I have called to remembrance that which Amalek did to Israel how they lay in wait for them in the way, as they came out of Egypt. Now therefore go and smite the Amalekites, and only destroy ye all that pertaineth unto them, and see thou have no compassion on them. But slay both man and woman, infant and suckling, and ox, sheep, camel and Ass.
And Saul told it the people, and numbered them in Telaim two hundred thousand footmen, and ten thousand men of Juda. And Saul came unto a city of the Amalekites, and fought in a valley. But Saul said unto the Kenites go and depart and get you down from among the Amalekites, lest I destroy you with them, for ye showed mercy with Israel when they came out of Egypt. And the Kenites departed from among the Amalekites.
And Saul slew the Amalekites from Hevila to Sur that lieth before Egypt, and took Agag the King of the Amalekites alive, and utterly destroyed all the people with the edge of the sword. But Saul and the people spared Agag, and they left of the sheep and of the oxen and fat things and the lambs and all that was good, and would not destroy them. But all that was nought worth and *flaggy, that they destroyed utterly. Then came the word of the Lord unto Samuel saying: it repenteth me that I have made Saul king. For he is turned from me and hath not performed my commandments, wherefore Samuel was evil *apaid and cried unto the Lord all night. And Samuel rose early, to meet Saul in the morning. And it was told Samuel that Saul was come to Carmel, and had set him up a pillar of triumph. And was turned and departed and gone to Galgal. flaggy: tattered,not firm. apaid: as in paid a visit
And when Samuel was come to Saul, Saul said unto him: Blessed be thou in the Lord. I have done the commandment of the Lord. And Samuel answered: what meaneth then the bleating of the sheep in mine ears, and the noise of the oxen which I hear ? And Saul said: they have brought them from the Amalekites. For the people spared the best of the sheep and of the oxen, to sacriftce unto the Lord thy God. And the remnant we have destroyed.
But Samuel said to Saul: cease and let me tell thee what the Lord hath said to me this night. And he said unto him: say on. And Samuel said when thou wast little in thine own sight, wast thou not made the head of the tribes of Israel ? And the Lord anointed thee King over Israel. And then the Lord sent thee on a journey, and said unto thee, see that thou utterly destroy those sinners, the Amalekites and fight against them until ye have utterly destroyed them. And wherefore hast thou now not obeyed the voice of the Lord: But didst turn to the prey and hast wrought wickedness in the sight of the Lord ?
And Saul said unto Samuel: I have obeyed the voice of the Lord, and went the way which the Lord sent me, and have brought Agag the King of the Amalekites. And have utterly destroyed the Amalekites. And the people took of the spoil, sheep, oxen, and the chiefest of the things which should have been destroyed, to offer unto the Lord thy God in Galgal. Then said Samuel: hath the Lord as great pleasure in burnt sacrifices and offerings, as he hath that thou shouldest obey his voice ? Behold, to obey is better than offering, and to give heed is better than the fat of rams. For rebelliousness is as the sin of witchcraft, and stubbornness is wickedness and Idolatry. Because therefore thou hast cast away the word of the Lord, therefore hath the Lord cast away thee also, from being King.
Then said Saul to Samuel: I have sinned for I have trespassed the mouth of the Lord, and thy words, because I feared the people and obeyed their voice. But now take away my sin, and turn again with me, that I may worship the Lord. Then said Samuel unto Saul: I will not return with thee: for thou hast cast away the bidding of God, and therefore the Lord hath cast away thee also, that thou shalt not be King over Israel. And as Samuel turned to go away, he caught the lap of his coat, and it rent. Then Samuel said, the Lord hath rent the Kingdom of Israel from thee this day, and hath given it to a neighbour of thine that is better than thou. And thereto he that giveth victory to Israel, will not beguile nor repent: for he is not a man, that can repent.
Then he said: I have sinned. But yet honour me before the elders of my people, and before Israel,
and turn again with me, that I may pray unto the Lord thy God. And Samuel turned again and
followed Saul. And Saul prayed unto the Lord. Then said Samuel: Bring ye hither to me, Agag
the King of the Amalekites. And Agag came unto him delicately. And Agag said: truly the
bitterness of death cometh on. And Samuel said: As thy sword hath made women childless, so
shall thy mother be childless among other women. And so Samuel hewed Agag in pieces before
the Lord in Galgal. And then Samuel departed to Ramath. And Saul went home to his house to
Gabaah Saul. But Samuel came no more to see Saul until the day of his death. Nevertheless
Samuel mourned for Saul, because the Lord repented that he had made him King over Israel.
The 16th Chapter
And then the Lord said unto Samuel: How long wilt thou mourn for Saul, seeing I have cast him away from reigning over Israel ? fill an horn with ointment, and come: I will send thee to Isai the Bethlehemite, for I have spied me a King among his sons. But Samuel answered: how shall I go ? for Saul shall hear it and will kill me. And the Lord said: Take an heifer with thee, and say thou goest to offer to the Lord. And call Isai to the offering, and I will show thee what thou shalt do: And thou shalt anoint him whom I say unto thee. And Samuel did as the Lord bade him. And when he came to Bethlehem, the elders of the town were astonied at his coming, and said: Betokeneth thy coming peace ? and he said yee, for I am come to offer unto the Lord. Cleanse yourselves and come with me to the offering. And he purified Isai and his sons, and bade them to the offering. And when they were come, he looked on Eliab and said: the Lords anointed is before him. But the Lord said unto Samuel: look not on his fashion nor on the height of his stature, for I have refused him. Because it is not as man seeth. For man looketh on the outward appearance: but the Lord beholdeth the heart. Then Isai called Abinadab and made him come before Samuel. And he said: neither hath the Lord chosen this. Then Isai made Samah come, and he said: neither hath the Lord chosen him. Then made Isai seven of his sons come before Samuel. And Samuel said, the Lord hath chosen none of these.
Then said Samuel to Isai: are here all thy children ? and he said: the youngest is yet behind: Behold, he keepeth the sheep. Then Samuel said unto Isai: send and fetch him for we will not sit down, till he be come hither. And he sent and brought him in. And he was brown with goodly eyes, and well favoured in sight. And then the Lord said up and anoint him: for this is he. And Samuel took the horn with the ointment and anointed him in the presence of his brethren. And the spirit of the Lord came upon David, from that day forward. And Samuel rose up and went to Ramath.
But the spirit of the Lord departed from Saul, and an evil spirit sent of the Lord, vexed him. Then
said his servants unto him: Behold, an evil spirit sent of God vexeth thee, let our Lord therefore
command his servants to seek a man that is a cunning player with an harp. And then when the evil
spirit sent of God, cometh upon thee, that he may play with his hand, and thou shalt be eased.
And Saul said unto his servants: seek me a man that can well play, and bring him to me. Then
answered one of his servants and said: Behold, I have seen a son of Isai the Bethelehemite, that
can play upon instruments, and is an active fellow and a man of war and prudent and well made,
and the Lord is with him, whereupon Saul sent messengers unto Isai and said: send me David thy
son which is with the sheep. And Isai took an ass laden with bread, and a flacket of wine, and a
kid, and sent them by David his son unto Saul. And David went to Saul and came before him, and
he loved him very well, so that he was made his harness bearer. And Saul sent to Isai saying: let
David remain with me, for he hath found favour in my sight. And when the spirit of God came
upon Saul, David took an harp and played with his hand, and so Saul was refreshed, and did
amend and the evil spirit departed from him.
The 17th Chapter
The Philistines gathered their host to battle, and came together to Socoh in Juda, and pitched between Socoh and Azekah, in the end of Domim. And Saul and the men of Israel came and pitched in Oakdale and put themselves in array, to fight against the Philistines. And the Philistines stood on an hill on the one side, and Israel stood on an hill on the other side, and a valley between them. And then came a man and stood in the midst, out of the tents of the Philistines named Goliath of Geth, six cubits and a handbreadth long, (just over 9') and had an helmet of brass upon his head, and a coat of mail about him. And the weight of his coat of mail was five thousand *Cickles (nearly 160 lbs,) of brass. And he had harness of brass upon his legs, and a shield of brass upon his shoulders. And the shaft of his spear was like a weavers beam. And his spearhead weighed six hundred *sickles(nearly 20 lbs.) of iron. And one bearing a shield went before him. *Cickle or sickle: Hebrew shekel = about 1/2 oz
And he stood and called unto the host of Israel, and said unto them: what needeth that ye should come out in array to battle ? am not I a Philistine, and you servants to Saul ? Choose you a man, and let him come down to me, if he be able to fight with me and to beat me, then we will be your servants. But if I can overcome him and beat him: then ye shall be our servants and serve us. And the Philistine said: I have defied the host of Israel this day give me a man and let us fight together. When Saul and all Israel heard those words of the Philistine, they were discouraged and greatly afraid. And this David was the son of an Ephrathite of Bethlehem Juda, named Isai, which Isai had eight sons. And was an old man in the days of Saul among the people. And the three eldest sons of Isai went and followed Saul to battle. And the names of his three sons that went to battle were: Eliab the eldest, and and the next to him Abinadab, and the third Samah, and David was the youngest. And when the three eldest were gone after Saul, David went and departed from Saul, to feed his fathers sheep at Bethlehem. And the Philistine came forth every morning and evening, and continued forty days.
And Isai said unto David his son: take for thy brethren this Epha of parched corn, and these ten loaves, and run to the host, to thy brethren. And carry these ten fresh cheeses unto the captain, and look how thy brethren fare, and set out their pledges. And Saul and they and all the men of Israel were in oak valley fighting with the Philistines. And David rose up early in the morning and left the sheep with a keeper, and took and went, as Isai had commanded him, and came where the host lay. And the host was going out in array, and shouted in the battle: for Israel and the Philistines had put themselves in array, the one against the other. Then David put the pannier from him, unto the hands of the keeper of the vessels, and ran into the host and came and saluted his brethren. And as he talked with them: Behold, there stood a man in the midst, Goliath the Philistine by name, of Geth, which came out of the Array of the Philistines, and spake of the manner above rehearsed, that David heard it. And all the men of Israel, when they saw the man, ran away from him, and were sore afraid. And every man of Israel said: See ye this man that is come forth, even to revile Israel is he come. And to him that beateth him will the king give great riches, and will give him his daughter thereto: yea and make his fathers house free in Israel.
Then spake David to the men that stood by and said: What shall be done to the man that beateth this Philistine and taketh away the shame from Israel ? for what is this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should revile the host of the living God ? And the people answered as it is rehearsed saying: so shall it be done to the man that beateth him. And Eliab his eldest brother heard when he spake unto the man and was angry with David and said: Why camest thou away, and with whom hast thou left those few sheep in the wilderness ? I know thy pride and the malice of thine heart, that thou art come to see the battle. And David answered, what have I now done ? is there any more save a word ? And departed from by him into another front, and spake of the same manner, and the people answered him again, as before.
And they that heard the words which David spake, rehearsed them before Saul, which caused him to be fetched. And David said to Saul: Let no mans heart fail him because of him. Thy servant will go and fight with his Philistine. And Saul said to David again, thou art not able to go unto this Philistine, to fight with him. For thou art but a lad, and he hath been a man of war even from his youth. Then said David unto Saul, as thy servant kept his fathers sheep, there came a Lion and likewise a Bear, and took a sheep out of the flock. And I went out after him and smote him, and took it out of his mouth. And when he arose against me, I caught him by the beard and smote him and slew him. For both a Lion and also a Bear hath thy servant slain. And this uncircumcised Philistine shall be as one of them, for his railing on the host of the living God. And David spake moreover, the Lord that delivered me out of the hands of the Lion and out of the hands of the Bear, he shall deliver me also out of the hands of the Philistine.
Then said Saul to David go, and the Lord be with thee. And Saul put his raiment upon David, and put an helmet of brass upon his head, and put a coat of mail upon him, and girt David with his own sword upon his raiment. And he assayed to go, for he never proved it. Then said David unto Saul: I cannot go in these, for I have not been used thereto, and put them off him and took his staff in his hand, and chose him five smooth stones out of a brook and put them in a shepherds bag which he had, and in a poke, and his sling in his hand, and went to the Philistine. And the Philistine came and drew near to David, with the man that bare a shield before him. And when the Philistine looked and saw David: he disdained him, for he was but a lad, ruddy and goodly to look upon. And the Philistine said unto David: am I a dog, that thou comest to me with a staff ? and he cursed David in the name of his Gods. And he said to David: come to me and I will give thy flesh unto the fowls of the air, and to the beasts of the field. Then said David to the Philistine thou comest to me with a sword a spear and a shield: But I come to thee in the name of the Lord of hosts, the God of the host of Israel whom thou hast railed upon. This day shall the Lord deliver thee into my hand, and I shall smite thee and take thine head from thee, and will give the carcases of the host of the Philistines this day unto the fowls of the air and to the beasts of the earth, and all the world shall know, that there is a God in Israel. And all this congregation shall know, that the Lord saveth not with the sword and spear. For the battle is the Lords, and he shall give you into our hands.
And when the Philistine arose and came and drew nigh unto David: David hasted and ran in array
even against the Philistine. And David put his hand in his poke and took out a stone and slung it,
and smote the Philistine in his forehead that the stone sunk into his forehead, and he fell grovelling
to the earth. And so David overcame the Philistine with a sling and a stone, and smote the
Philistine and slew him. And because David had no sword in his hand, he ran and stood upon the
Philistine, and took his sword and drew it out of his sheath and slew him and cut off his head
therwith. And when the Philistines saw that their champion was dead, they fled. And the men of
Israel and of Juda arose and shouted and followed after the Philistines, until they came to the
valley and unto the gates of Akaron. And the Philistines fell down dead by the way, even unto
Geth and Akaron. And then the children of Israel returned from chasing after the Philistines and
robbed their tents. And David took the head of the Philistine and brought it to Jerusalem: But he
put his armour in his tent. When Saul saw David go forth against the Philistine, he said unto
Abner the captain of his host, Abner, whose son is this lad ? And Abner answered, as truly as thy
soul liveth, O king, I cannot tell. Then said the king: Enquire thou, whose son the youngling is.
And so when David was returned from the slaughter of the Philistine, Abner took him and
brought him before Saul, with the head of the Philistine in his hand. And Saul said to him: whose
son art thou, thou lad ? And David answered the son of thy servant Isai the Bethlehemite.
The 18th Chapter
And when he had made an end of speaking unto Saul, the soul of Jonathas was knit with the soul of David. Insomuch that he loved him as his own soul. And Saul took him that day and would let him go no more home to his fathers house. And Jonathas and David bound themselves the one to the other, for Jonathas loved him as his own soul. And Jonathas put off his own coat that was upon him, and gave it David, and thereto his mantle, his sword, his bow and his girdle. And David went out to all that Saul sent him, and behaved himself wisely. And when Saul had set him over his men of war, he pleased all the people, and Sauls servants thereto.
And it happened as they went, when David was returned from the slaughter of the Philistine, that women came out of all cities of Israel singing and dancing, against Saul, with timbrels, with joy, and with fiddles. And the women that played sang thereto, and said: Saul hath slain his thousand, and David his ten thousand. Then was Saul exceeding wroth and that saying displeased him, and he said: they have ascribed unto David ten thousand, and to me but a thousand. And what can he more have save the kingdom ? Wherefore Saul looked on side of David from that day forward. And it happened on the morrow, that the evil spirit sent of God came upon Saul, so that he prophesied in the midst of the house. And David played on the instrument with his hand as he was daily wont (daily done or on a regular basis). And Saul had a spear in his hand, and hurled it intending to to have nailed David to the wall. But David avoided out of his presence two times. For Saul was afeard of David, because the Lord was with him, and was departed from Saul. And then Saul put David from him and made him a captain over a thousand, and he went out and in before the people. And David was wise in all that he took in hand, and the Lord was with him. Wherefore when Saul saw that he was so exceeding wise, he was afraid of him. But all Israel and Juda loved David, because he went out and in before them. Then said Saul to David. Behold my eldest daughter Merob, her I will give thee to wife: Only play the man and fight the Lords battles. For Saul thought mine hand shall not be upon him, but the hand of the Philistines. And David answered Saul: what am I ? and what is my life or the kindred of my father in Israel, that I should be son in law to the king: How be it when the time was come that Merob Sauls daughter should have been given to David she was given unto Adziel a Neholothite, to wife. How be it Michol Sauls daughter loved David. And when it was showed Saul: the thing pleased him well. And he said: I will give him her that she may be a snare to him, to bring the hand of the Philistines upon him. And Saul said to David: thou shalt this day be my son in law again. And Saul commanded his servants to commune with David secretly and say: Behold the King hath a favour to thee, and all his servants love thee, be therefore the kings son in law.
And Sauls servants spake those words in the ears of David. But David answered: seemeth it to
you a light thing to be the kings son in law, when I am a poor man and of small reputation ? And
Sauls servants told him again saying: of this manner answered David. Then said Saul: this wise say
to David: the king careth for no other dowry but for an hundred foreskins of the Philistines, to be
avenged of the kings enemies. For Saul thought to make David fall into the hands of the
Philistines. Then his servants told David these words, and it pleased David well to be the kings
son in law. And shortly after that David arose with his men, and went, and slew of the Philistines,
two hundred men, and brought their foreskins, and satisfied the King therof to be his son in law.
And so Saul gave him Michol his daughter to wife. And when Saul saw and understood, how that
the Lord was with David, and that Michol his daughter loved him, he was the more afraid of
David, and became Davids enemy for ever. And when the Philistines went out to war, David
behaved himself wiselier than all the servants of Saul: so that his name was much set by.
The 19th Chapter
Then Saul communed with Jonathas his son, and with all his servants, that they should kill David. But Jonathas Sauls son had a great favour to David, and told David saying: Saul my father goeth about to slay thee. Now therefore take heed to thyself betimes (quickly, soon) and abide in some secret place and hide thyself. And I will go out and stand by my father in the field where thou art, and will commune with my father of thee, and if I can perceive ought (anything) I will tell thee. And Jonathas spake the best of David unto Saul his father and said unto him: let not the king sin against his servant David, for he hath not sinned against thee, and his works are to thee ward very good. For he did put his life in his hand and slew the Philistine, and the Lord gave a great victory to all Israel. And thou sawest it, and thou rejoicedest, wherefore then shouldest thou sin against innocent blood, and slay David for nought ? And Saul hearkened unto the voice of Jonathas and sware: as truly as the Lord liveth, he shall not die. Then Jonathas called David and showed him all those words, and brought him to Saul. And he was in his presence as in times past.
And the war began again, and David went out and fought with the Philistines and slew a great slaughter, and put them to flight. And the evil spirit of the Lord was upon Saul as he sat in his house having a *Javelin in his hand, and David played with his hand. And Saul intended to nail David to the wall with the *Javelin: But David rid himself out of Sauls presence and he smote the spear into the wall. But David fled and saved himself that same night. Then Saul sent messengers unto Davids house, to watch him and to slay him in the morning. But Michol his wife told it him saying: If thou save not thyself this night, tomorrow thou art a dead man. And so Michol let David down through a window, and he went and fled and saved himself. And then she took an Image and laid it in the bed, and put a pillow stuffed with goats hair under the head of it, and covered it with a cloth. And when Saul sent messengers to fetch David, she said that he was sick. Then Saul sent the messengers to see David saying: bring him to me, bed and all, that he may be slain. And when the messengers were come in: Behold there lay an Image in the bed, with a pillow of goats hair under the head of it. Then said Saul to Michol: why hast thou mocked me so, and sent away mine enemy, that he is escaped ? And Michol answered Saul: he said unto me, let me go, or else I will kill thee. And so David fled and escaped and went to Samuel to Ramath and told him all that Saul had done to him. And he, and Samuel went and dwelt in Naioth. *J capital
And it was told Saul saying: Behold, David is at Naioth in Ramath, then Saul sent messengers to
fetch David. And when they saw a company of prophets prophesying and Samuel standing fast by
them, the spirit of God fell upon the messengers of Saul, and they prophesied too. And when it
was told Saul, he sent other messengers, and they prophesied likewise. And Saul sent messengers
yet again the third time which prophesied also. Then went he himself to Ramath, and when he
came to a great well that is in Socoh, he asked and said: where are Samuel and David ? And they
said: see they be at Naioth in Ramath and as he went thither to Naioth in Ramath the spirit of God
came upon him also and he went prophesying, until he came to Naioth in Ramath. And he stript
off his clothes and prophesied before Samuel in like manner, and fell naked all that day and all that
night, wherefore it is a common saying, is Saul also among the prophets ?
The 20th Chapter
And David fled from Naioth in Ramath and went and said before Jonathas: What have I done ? wherein am I faulty ? what is the sin that I have committed before thy father that he seeketh my life ? And Jonathas answered him: God forbid, thou shalt not die. For see my father will do nothing either great or small, but that he will show it me. For why should my father hide this thing from me ? there shall be no such thing. And David sware again and said: thy father knoweth that I have found grace in thine eyes and therefore he thinketh, Jonathas shall not know it, lest he be sorry. For in very deed even as truly as the Lord liveth, and as truly as thy soul liveth, there is but a step between me and death. Then said Jonathas unto David, whatsoever thy soul desireth that I will do unto thee. And David said unto Jonathas: Behold, tomorrow is the first day of the month, and I should sit with the king at meat. But let me go that I may hide myself in the fields unto this day three days at evening. If thy father miss me, then say: David asked leave of me, that he might go to Bethlehem to his own city, for there is holden a yearly feast for all his kin. And if thy father say thus: it is well done, then thy servant shall have peace. But and if he be angry: then be sure that wickedness is utterly concluded of him. And then thou shalt show mercy unto thy servant, for thou hast made with me thy servant a bond in the Lord. Notwithstanding if there be in me any trespass, then slay me thyself, for what needeth thee to bring me to thy father ?
And Jonathas answered: God keep that from thee, that I should know, that wickedness were concluded of my father, to come upon thee: and should not tell it thee. Then said David, who shall tell me, if thy father answer cruelly ? Then said Jonathas to David, come and let us go out into the fields. And they went out both of them into the fields.
And Jonathas said unto David: O' Lord God of Israel, when I have groped my fathers mind, one time or other within this three days, that it stand well with David: and I then send not unto thee and shew it thee, the Lord do so and so unto Jonathas. And in like manner, if evil to thee ward please my father, I will show thee and send thee away, that thou mayst go in peace. And the Lord be with thee as he hath been with my father. And thou shalt perform unto me the mercy of the Lord, not only while I live but even when I am dead pluck not thy mercy away from my house forever: No not when the Lord hath destroyed the enemies of David every one from the face of the earth.
And so Jonathas made a bond with the house of David, desiring that the Lord should seek out of the hands of Davids enemies their wickedness. And with other words Jonathas adjured David, because he loved him. For as his own soul he loved him.
Then said Jonathas to David: tomorrow shall be the first day of the moon. And thou shalt be missed, because the place shall appear empty. But this day three days come in any wise unto the place where thou shalt hide thy self, when it is workday: even by the stone Esell. And I will shoot three arrows by the one side thereof, as though I shot at a mark, and will send after a lad, and bid him go seek the arrows. If I say unto the lad: see the arrows are on this side thee, bring them: then come thou: for it is peace and nothing to do, as sure as the Lord liveth. But and if I say thus unto the young fellow, behold, the *Arrows are beyond thee, then go, for the Lord hath sent thee away. And of this which thou and I have spoke: behold the Lord is witness between thee and me for ever. And so David hid himself in the field. And when the new moon was come, the king sat him down at meat, for to eat. And the king sat him down after the old manner, in his seat by the wall. And Jonathas arose, and Abner sat by Sauls side, and Davids place was empty. Nevertheless yet Saul said nothing at all that day. For he thought something had chanced him that he is not clean. But on the morrow which was the second day of the moon, when Davids place appeared empty, Saul said unto Jonathas his son: wherefore cometh not the son of Isai to meat, neither yesterday nor today ? And Jonathas answered unto Saul, David asked licence of me to go to Bethlehem saying: let me go I pray thee, for our kindred hold an offering in the city, and my brother hath sent for me. Now therefore if I have found favour in thine eyes let me go and see my brother. And therefore he cometh not unto the table of the King. Then was Saul angry with Jonathas and said unto him: O froward and rebellious, thinkest thou I know not how thou hast chosen the son of Isai unto thine own rebuke, and unto the rebuke and shame of thy mother. For as long as the son of Isai lieth upon the earth, thou shalt not be stablished, nor yet thy kingdom, wherefore now send and fetch him unto me, for he is the child of death.
But Jonathas answered Saul his father and said to him: wherefore should he
die ? what hath he done ? Then Saul cast a spear at him to hit him, whereby Jonathas knew well,
that it was utterly determined of his father, to slay David. And so Jonathas arose from the table in
a great anger and did eat no meat the second day of the month, for he was sorry for David,
because his father had done him shame. On the next morning Jonathas went out unto the field, at
the time appointed with David, and a little lad with him. And he said unto the boy: run and find
out mine arrows which I shoot. And as the boy ran, he shot an arrow beyond him. And when the
lad was come to the place whither Jonathas had shot the arrow, Jonathas cried after him and said:
the arrow is beyond thee. And he cried after the lad: haste, make speed and stand not still. And
Jonathas lad gathered up the arrow and came to his master. But the lad knew nothing of the
matter: Only Jonathas and David knew it. Then Jonathas gave his weapons unto the lad and said
unto him: go and carry them to the town. And as soon as the lad was gone, David arose out of a
place that was toward the south and fell on his face to the ground and bowed himself three times.
And they kissed either other and wept together, but David more abundantly. And Jonathas said to
David: go in peace which we have sworn both of us in the name of the Lord saying: the Lord be
between thee and me, and between thy seed and mine for ever. And he rose and departed. And
Jonathas went in to the town.
The 21st Chapter
Then came David to Nob to Ahimelech the priest. And Ahimelech was astonied at his coming and said unto him: Why cometh thou thyself alone, and no man with thee? And David said to Ahimelech the priest: the king hath commanded me to do a certain thing and said unto me, let no man know whereabout I send and what I have commanded thee to do. And therefore I have appointed my servants to such and such places. And now what hast thou under thine hand ? give me five leaves of bread or what cometh to hand.
And the priest answered David and said: there is no common bread under mine hand, but there is hallowed bread, if the young men had abstained only from women. And David answered the priest and said unto him: of a truth women hath been locked up from us about a three days, when I came out: and the vessels of the young men were holy. How be it this way is unpure, but it shall be hallowed in the vessel. And so the priest gave him hallowed bread, for there was none other bread there save showbreads that were taken from before the Lord, to put fresh bread there, the day that it was taken away.
And there was there the same day a certain man of the servants of Saul abiding before the Lord named Doeg an Edomite, the chiefest of Sauls herdmen. And David said unto Ahimelech: is not here under thine hand other spear or sword ? for I have neither brought my sword nor mine harness with me, because the Kings business required haste. Then the priest answered: the sword of Goliath the Philistine whom thou slewest in Oakdale, that is here wrapt in a cloth behind the Ephod. If thou wilt take that, take it: for there is no other save that here. And David said: there is none to that, give it me.
And David arose and fled the same day from the presence of Saul, and went to Achis the king of Geth. And the servants of Achis said of him: is not this David the King of the land ? did they not sing unto this fellow in dances saying: Saul hath slain his thousand, and David his ten thousand ? And David put those words into his heart and was sore afraid of Achis the King of Geth. And he changed his countenance before them, and raved in their hands, and *scrabbled on the doors of the gate, and let his spittle fall down upon his beard. *scrabbled: to scrape and mark with the hands frantically.
Then said Achis unto his servant. Lo ye saw that this man was beside himself, wherefore then
have ye brought him to me ? lack I madmen, that ye have brought this fellow to play the madman
in my presence ? he shall not come into my house.
The 22nd Chapter
And David departed thence and escaped, and came unto the cave Odollam. When his brethren and all his fathers house heard it, they went thither to him. And there gathered unto him all men that were in cumbrance and in debt and troubled in their hearts, and he became a captain over them. And there were with him upon a four hundred men. And David went thence to Mazphah in the land of Moab, and said unto the King of Moab: Let my father and mother I pray thee, have their abiding with you, till I know what God will do with me. And he left them with the King of Moab, and they dwelt with him all the while that David kept himself in holds. And the prophet Gad said unto David: Abide not in castles, but depart and go to the land of Juda. Then David departed and came into the forest Hareth. And Saul heard of it: for David was known and also the men that were with him. And as Saul sat in Gabaah under a grove upon a high bank with his spear in his hand and all his men about him, he said unto his servants that stood about him: Hear I pray you, you sons of Jemini: will the son of Isai also give every one of you fields and vineyards, and make you all captains over thousands and over hundreds ? that ye have all conspired against me, so that there is none of you that openeth mine ear, insomuch that my son hath made a bond with the son of Isai, neither is there any of you that mourneth for me or showeth it in mine ear: because my son hath set up my servant to lie await against me, as it appeareth this day.
Then answered Doeg the Edomite, which had the oversight of the servants of Saul and said: I saw the son of Isai, when he came to Nob, to Ahimelech the son of Ahitob, which asked counsel of the Lord for him, and gave him victuals, and the sword of Goliath the Philistine also. Then the king sent to call Ahimelech the priest the son of Ahitob, and all his fathers house: that is to say, the priests that were in Nob. And they came all to the King. And Saul said: hear thou son of Ahitob. And he said: here I am my lord. Then said Saul to him: why have ye conspired against me, thou and the son of Isai, insomuch that thou hast given him victual and a sword, and hast asked counsel of God for him, that he should arise against me and lie await as it is come to pass this day ? And Ahimelech answered the king and said: who is so faithful among all thy servants as David and thereto the kings son in law, and goeth at thy bidding, and is had in honour in thine house ? have I this day begun first to ask counsel of God for him ? God forbid that from me: let not the king put such a thing unto his servant and on all the house of my father. For thy servant knoweth nothing of all this, either less or more.
But for all that the king said: thou shalt surely die Ahimelech, both thou and all thy fathers house. Then said the king unto his footmen that stood about him: turn and slay the priests of the Lord, both because their hand is with David and because they knew when David fled and showed it not to me. But the servants of the king would not move their hands, to run upon the priests of the Lord. Then said the King to Doeg: turn thou and smite the priests. And Doeg the Edomite turned and ran upon the priests and slew that same day four score and five persons that did wear each man a linen Ephod. And Nob the city of the priests he smote with the edge of the sword, both man and woman, child and suckling, with ox, ass and sheep.
But yet one of the sons of Ahimelech the son of Ahitob, named Abiathar, escaped and fled to
David, and showed David, how that Saul had slain the Lords priests. And David said unto
Abiathar: I knew it the same day, that Doeg the Edomite which was there would tell it Saul. And I
am cause of the death of all the Souls of thy fathers house. Abide with me and fear not: he that
seeketh thy soul, shall seek mine, and with me thou shalt be in safeguard.
The 23rd Chapter
Then men told David saying: Behold, the Philistines fight against Keilah, and spoil the barns. Then David asked the Lords advice saying: shall I go and smite the Philistines ? And the Lord said unto David: go and smite the Philistines and save Keilah. Then said Davids men unto him: see we be afraid here in Juda. What shall we then be, when we come to Keilah, to the host of the Philistines ? Then David asked the Lord again. And the Lord answered him and said: up and go to Keilah, for I will deliver the Philistines into thine hands.
And so David and his men went to Keilah and fought with the Philistines, and drave away their cattle and slew a great slaughter of them. And so David saved the inhabiters of Keilah. And it chanced when Abiathar the son of Ahimelech fled to David to Keilah that he brought an Ephod in his hand.
And it was told Saul, that David was come to Keilah. Then said Saul: God hath delivered him into mine hand. For he is shut in, that he is come into a town with gates and bars. And Saul called all the people to war, for to go to Keilah to besiege David and his men. But David had knowledge that Saul imagined mischief against him, and said therefore to Abiathar the priest: Bring the Ephod. Then said David, O' Lord God of Israel, thy servant heareth that Saul is about to come to Keilah to destroy the city for my sake: will the men of Keilah deliver me into his hand ? or will Saul come as thy servant heareth say ? Lord God of Israel tell thy servant. And the Lord said: he will come. Then said David: will the men of Keilah deliver me and my men into the hand of Saul ? and the Lord said they will deliver you.
Then David and his men which were upon a six hundred, arose and departed out of Keilah and went whither chance drave them. And when it was told Saul, that David was fled from Keilah, he let thejourney alone. And David abode in the wilderness in strong holds, and in a mountain in the wilderness of Ziph. And Saul sought him all his life, but God delivered him not into his hand. And David saw that Saul was come out, to seek his life, while David was in the wilderness of Ziph in a thicket. And Jonathas Sauls son arose and went to David to the thicket, and strengthened him in God, and said unto him: fear not, for the hand of Saul my father shall not find thee, and thou shalt be king over Israel, and I must be next unto thee: And Saul my father thereto knoweth that it shall be so. And they made a bond both of them together before the Lord. And David tarried still in the thicket, and Jonathas went to his house.
Then came the Ziphites to Saul, to Gabaah saying: David hideth himself fast by us in strong holds that are in a thicket in the hill of Hachilah right side of the wilderness. Now therefore sir king, come down with lust that thy soul hath to come. And our part shall be to deliver him into the hands of the king. Then said Saul: Blessed are ye in the Lord: for 1 compassion on me. Go I pray you and mark more diligently, and know and see his haunt, where his foot hath been, and who hath seen him there: for it is told me that he is very subtle. See therefore and know all the lurking where he lurketh, and come again to me with the certainty, and I will go with you. And then if he be in the land, I will hunt him out with all the thousands of Juda.
And they arose and went to Ziph before Saul. But David and his m in the wilderness of Maon, in the wild field, on the right hand wilderness. For when Saul was gone with his men to seek, it was told David. And therefore he went unto a *Rock and dwelt in the wilderness of Maon. And when Saul heard that, he followed after David into the wilderness of Moan. And Saul and his men went on the one side of the mountain, and David and his men on the other. And David as a man amazed, made haste to get from Saul. For Saul and his men had compassed David and his men round to take them. *Rock exactly as recorded
But there came a messenger to Saul saying: Haste thee and come, Philistines are come in and rove
the land. Wherefore Saul returned from persecuting David, and went against the Philistines. And
therefore the called *Selah Mahelecoth. And then David went thence and dwelt in holds at
Engadi. *Selah Mahelecoth: that is the Rock of division.
The 24th Chapter
When Saul was come again from the Philistines, there were that told him saying: behold, David is in the wilderness of Engadi. Then Saul took three thousnd men out of all Israel, and went to seek David and his men in the *Rocks, where no thing haunted but wild goats. And he came to the flocks of sheep by a ways side where was a cave. And Saul went in to *cover his feet. And David and his men sat a long by the sides of the cave. And the of David said unto him: see the day is come, of which the Lord said unto thee: Behold, I will deliver thine enemy into thine hand, and thou slalt do with him what it pleaseth thee. Then David arose and cut off a lap of Sauls coat privily. And immediately Davids heart smote him, because he had cut off a lap of Sauls coat. And he said unto his men: the Lord keep me from doing that thing unto my master that is the Lords anointed, to lay mine hand upon him, seeing he is the Lords anointed. And so David kept of his servants with words, and suffered them not to go upon Saul. * to cover his feet; is to rest, as Boaz was doing when Ruth came to him, book of Ruth
And when Saul was up out of the cave and gone away, David arose and went out of the cave and
cried after Saul saying: My lord king. And Saul looked behind him. And David stooped to the
earth and bowed himself, and said to Saul: wherefore giveth thou an ear to mens words, that say,
David seeketh thee evil ? Behold this day thine eyes have seen, how that the Lord had delivered
thee this day, into mine hand in the cave. When they bade kill thee, mine eye had compassion on
thee: and I said: I will not lay my hands on my master, for he is the Lords anointed. And moreover
my father, see yet the lap of thy coat in my hand. And in as much as I killed thee not too, when I
cut off the lap of thy coat, understand and see, that there is neither evil nor rebelliousness in me,
and that I have not sinned against thee. And yet thou huntest after my soul to take it. The Lord
bejudge between thee and me, and the Lord avenge me of thee. But mine hand be not upon thee.
According to the old proverb, wickedness shall proceed out of the wicked: But mine hand be not
upon thee. After whom art thou come out, thou king of Israel ? After whom chasest thou, even
after a dead dog, and after a flea. The Lord be judge and judge between thee and me, and see and
*pleate my cause, and judge me free out of thine hand. When David had made an end of speaking
all these words to Saul, Saul said: is this thy voice my son David ? and he lifted up his voice and
wept, and said to David: thou art righteouser than I, for thou hast rewarded me with good, and I
have rewarded thee with evil. And thou hast showed this day how that thou hast dealt lovingly
with me, for as much as when the Lord had locked me in thine hands, thou slewest me not. For
who shall find his enemy, and let him depart a good way. Wherefore the Lord reward thee with
good, for that thou hast done unto me this day. And now I know well that thou shalt be King, and
that the kingdom of Israel shall be stablished in thine hand. Swear therefore unto me by the Lord,
that thou shalt not destroy my seed after me, and that thou shalt not destroy my name out of my
fathers house. And David sware unto Saul, and Saul went home. But David and his men gat up
unto an hold.*pleate: plead
The 25th Chapter
And then Samuel died, and all Israel gathered together and lamented him, and buried him in his own house at Ramath.
And David arose and gat him to the wilderness of Pharan. And there was a man in Maon whose cattle was in Carmel, and the man was exceeding mighty, and had three thousand sheep and a thousand goats. And he was shearing his sheep in Carmel. The name of the man was Nabal, and the name of his wife was Abigail, and was a woman of good wisdom and beautiful. But the man was churlish and of shrewd conditions and was a Calebite. And when David heard in the wilderness, that Nabal share his sheep, he sent out ten of his young men, and said unto them: get you up to Carmel and go to Nabal and greet him in my name. And thus wise say unto my friend: peace be to thee, peace be to thine house and peace be unto all that thou hast. I have heard say that thou hast shearers. Now the shepherds were with us, and we did them no spite, neither was there ought missing unto them, all the while they were in Carmel: ask thy lads, and they will show thee. Wherefore let these young men find favour in thine eyes (for we come in a good season) and give I pray thee whatsoever cometh to thine hand unto thy servants and to thine son David.
And Davids young men came and told Nabal all those words in the name of David and then stopped. And Nabal answered Davids servants and said: What is David ? and what is the son of Isai ? there is plenty of servants now a days, that break away every man from his master. I should take my bread, my water and my flesh that I have killed for my shearers, and give it men which I know not whence(from where) they be ?
And Davids servants turned their way and went again, and came and told him according to all those sayings. Then David said unto his men: gird every man his sword about him. And they girded every man his sword on, and David thereto girded on his sword. And there followed David upon a four hundred men, and two hundred abode by the stuff.
But one of the lads told Abigail Nabals wife saying: see David sent messengers unto our master out of the wilderness to salute him, and he railed on them. And yet the men were very good unto us and did us no displeasure, neither missed we anything, as long as were conversant with them, when we were in the fields. But they were a wall of defence unto us both by night and also by day, all the while we were with them keeping sheep. Now take heed and see what thou hast to do, for it is concluded to do mischief unto our master and to all his household. And he is ungracious to speak to. Then Abigail made haste and took two hundred loaves and two bottles of wine and five sheep ready dressed and five measures of parched corn, and a hundred bundles of raisins and two hundred frails (reed basket) of figs, and laded them on asses, and said unto her young men: go before me, and see I come after you, and told her husband Nabal nothing thereof. And as she rode on her ass and was coming down in a slade (sideof, valley) of the hill, David and his men came down against her, and she met them.
And David said: in vain have I kept all that this fellow had in the wilderness: so that nought was missed that pertained unto him, for he hath quit me with evil for good. So and so do God unto the enemies of David, as I will not leave of all that pertain to him, by the dawning of the day, ought that *pisseth against the wall. (meaning anything male)
When Abigail saw David, she hasted and lighted off her ass and fell before David on her face, and bowed herself to the ground, and fell at his feet and said: Let this unhappy deed be counted mine, my Lord, and let thine handmaid speak in thine audience, and hear the words of thy handmaid. Let not my Lord regard this unthrifty man Nabal, for as his name is, so is he. Nabal is his name and folly is with him. But I thine handmaid saw not the young men of my Lord which thou sendest.
And now my Lord as sure as the Lord liveth and as thy soul liveth, the Lord hath withholden thee from coming to shed blood and from avenging thyself with thine own hand. Furthermore I pray God that thine enemies and they that intend to do my Lord evil, may be as Nabal. And now this blessing which thine handmaid hath brought, let it be given unto the young men that follow my Lord.
Forgive the trespass of thine handmaid that the Lord may make my Lord a sure house, because my Lord fighteth the battles of the Lord, and there could none evil be found in thee in all thy life. And if any man rise to persecute thee and to seek thy soul, the soul of my Lord be bound in a bundle of life with the Lord thy God. And the souls of thy enemies be slung in the middle of a sling. And moreover when the Lord shall have done to my Lord all the good that he hath promised thee, and shall have made thee ruler over Israel: then shall it be no grudge of conscience unto thee or discourage of heart unto my Lord, that thou sheddest blood causeless and didst avenge thyself.
And moreover when the Lord shall have dealt well with my Lord, then think on thine handmaid. Then said David to Abigail: blessed be the Lord God of Israel which sent thee this day to meet me. And blessed be thy behaviour, and blessed be thou which hath kept me this day from coming to shed blood and from avenging myself with mine own hand. For in very deed as sure as the Lord God of Israel liveth which hath kept me back from hurting thee, except thou hadst hasted and met me, there had not been left Nabal by the dawning of the day, a pisser against the wall. And so David received of her hand that she brought him, and said to her: go in peace to thine house. And see I have obeyed thy voice and have received thee to grace.
And when Abigail came to Nabal: behold, he held a feast in his house like the feast of a King, and
Nabals heart was merry within him, and he was drunk a good. Wherefore she told him nought
neither little nor more, until the morrow day. But in the morning, when the wine was gone out of
Nabal, his wife told him these words, and his heart died within him, and he became as a stone, and
upon a ten days after the Lord smote Nabal, that he died. And when David heard that Nabal was
dead, he said: Blessed be the Lord that hath judged the cause of my rebuke of the hand of Nabal,
and hath kept his servant from evil, and hath turned the wickedness of Nabal again upon his own
head. And David sent to commune with Abigail, to the intent to take her to his wife. And when
the servants of David were come to Abigail to Carmel, they spake unto her saying: David sent us
unto thee, to take thee to his wife. And she arose and bowed herself on her face to the earth, and
said: Behold thy handmaid, to be a servant to wash the feet of the servants of my Lord. And
Abigail hasted and arose and gat her up upon an Ass, with five damsels of hers that went at her
feet, and went after the messengers of David and was his wife. David also took Ahinoam of
Jezrahel, and they were both his wives. But Saul gave Michol his daughter Davids wife to Phalti
the son of Lais of Gallin.
The 26th Chapter
After that came the Ziphites unto Saul to Gabaah saying: David hideth himself in the hill of Hachilah even before the wilderness. Then Saul arose and went to the wilderness of Ziph and three thousand chosen men of Israel with him, for to seek David in the wilderness of Ziph. And Saul pitched in the hill of Hachilah which lieth before the wilderness, by the ways side. But David dwelt in the wilderness. And when he saw that Saul came after him into the wilderness, he sent out spies and understood that Saul was come of surety.
Wherefore David arose and went to the place where Saul had pitched, and beheld the place where Saul lay with Abner the son of Ner his chief captain. For Saul lay within a round bank and the people pitched round about him. Then answered David and spake to Ahimelech the Hethite and to Abisai the son of Zaruiah and brother to Joab saying: who will go down with me to Saul to the host ? Abisai said: I will go down with thee.
And so David and Abisai came to the people by night. And behold, Saul lay sleeping within a round bank and his spear pitched in the ground at his head, Abner and the people lying round about him. The said Abisai to David: God hath closed in thine enemy unto thine hand this day. Now therefore let me smite him a fellowship with my spear to the earth, even one stroke, and I will not smite him the second time. But David said to Abisai: destroy him not, for who can lay his hand on the Lords anointed and be guiltless ? And David said furthermore: as sure as the Lord liveth, the Lord shall smite him, or his day shall come to die, or he shall descend into battle and there perish: but the Lord keep me from laying mine hand upon the Lords anointed. Now then take a fellowship the spear that is at his head, and the cruse of water, and let us go. And David took the spear and the cruse of water that were at Sauls head, and they gat them away, and no man saw or knew it or awoke. For they were all asleep. Because the Lord had sent a slumber upon them. Then David went over to the other side and stood on the top of an hill afar off (a great space being between them) and cried to the people and to Abner the son of Ner saying: Answerest thou not Abner ? and Abner answered and said: What art thou that criest to the king ? and David said to Abner: art not thou a man, and who is like thee in Israel ? But wherefore hast thou not kept thy Lord the king ? For there came one of the folk to destroy the king thy Lord. It is not good that thou hast done. As truly as the Lord liveth ye are worthy to die, because ye have no better kept the Lords anointed. And now see where the kings spear is and the cruse of water that were at his head.
Then Saul knew Davids voice and said: is this thy voice my son David ? and David said: it is my
voice my Lord king. And he said thereto wherefore doth my lord persecute his servant ? for what
have I done ? or what evil is in mine hand ? Now hear therefore (my Lord king) the words of thy
servant. If the Lord have stirred thee up against me, he shall smell the savour of sacrifice. But and
if they be the children of men, cursed be they before the Lord. For they have cast me out from
abiding in the inheritance of the Lord, saying: hence and go serve other Gods. And yet I hope my
blood shall not fall to the earth before the face of the Lord, though the King of Israel be come out
to hunt a flea, as men hunt the partridges in the mountains. Then said Saul: I have sinned, come
again my son David for I will do thee no more harm, because my soul was precious in thine eyes
this day. Behold, I have played the fool and have erred exceeding much. And David answered and
said: Behold the Kings spear, let one of the young men come over and fetch it. The Lord reward
every mans righteousness and faith: for the Lord delivered thee into my hand this day, but I would
not lay my hand upon the Lords anointed. And as thy life was much set by this time in mine eyes:
so be my life set by in the eyes of the Lord, that he deliver me out of all tribulation. And Saul said
to David: Blessed art thou my son David: for thou shalt be a doer and also able to bring to an end.
And so David went his way, and Saul turned to his place again.
The 27th Chapter
Then thought David in his heart: I may perish one day or other by the hands of Israel. There is no
better for me, than to flee into the land of the Philistines, that Saul of very despair to find me, may
cease to seek me any more in all the coasts of Israel: for so I may escape his hand. And David
arose and he and the six hundred men that were with him went unto Achis, the son of Maoch,
King of Geth. And David dwelt with Achis at Geth, both he and his men, every man with his
household, and David with his two wives: Ahinoam the Jezrahelite and Abigail Nabals wife of
Carmel. And when it was told Saul that David was fled to Geth, he sought no more for him. And
David said unto Achis: If I have found grace in thine eyes, let me have a place in some town in the
fields, that I may dwell there. For what should thy servant dwell in the head city of the kingdom
with thee. Then Achis gave him Zikeleg the same day for which cause Zikeleg pertaineth unto the
kings of Juda unto this day. And the time that David dwelt in the country of the Philistines, was a
year and four months. And David and his men went and ran upon the Gesurites, the Gersites and
the Amalekites: which nations were from the beginning the inhabiters of the land, as men go to
Sur, and so forth to Egypt. And David smote the land and left neither man nor woman alive, and
took the sheep, the oxen, the asses, camels, and clothes, and removed and came to Achis. And
Achis said: have ye not been a roving this day ? And David answered: yes in the south of Juda,
and in the south of the Jezrahelites, and in the south of the Kenites. And David saved neither man
nor woman alive to bring to Geth, for fear lest they should tell on them saying: so did David and
so is his manner all the while he dwelt in the country of the Philistines. And Achis believed David
saying: he hath made him self to stink unto his people Israel, and thereto he shall be my servant
The 28th Chapter
And it chanced in those days, that the Philistines gathered their host together to war, intending to fight with Israel. And Achis said to David: Be sure, thou shalt go out with me in the host, and thy men also. And David said again to Achis: then thou shalt know, what thy servant can do. And Achis said to David: then I will make thee keeper of my head for ever. Samuel was then dead, and all Israel had lamented him and buried him in Ramath his own city. And Saul had put the women that had spirits of prophecy and the Sorcerers out of the land. And the Philistines gathered together and came and pitched in Sunam. And Saul and all Israel gathered together and pitched in Gelboe. And when Saul saw the host of the Philistines, he was afraid, and his heart was sore astonied. And Saul asked counsel of the Lord: But the Lord answered him not, neither by dream not by *Urim, nor yet by prophets. *Urim: from the Hebrew; light.
Then said Saul unto his servants: seek me a woman that is mistress of a spirit of prophecy that I may go to her and ask of her. And his servants said to him: see, there is a wife that hath a spirit of Prophecy in her possession at Endor. And Saul changed his clothes and put on other raiment, and then went he and two men with him, and they came to the wife by night. And he said: prophesy unto me by the spirit, and bring me him up whom I shall name unto thee. And the wife said unto him: Behold, thou knowest what Saul hath done, how he hath destroyed the women that had prophesying spirits, and the Sorcerers out of the land. Wherefore then layest thou a net for my soul to kill me ? And Saul swore to her by the Lord saying: As surely as the Lord liveth, there shall no harm chance thee for this thing. Then said the wife: whom shall I fetch up unto thee ? and he said: Bring me up Samuel. When the woman saw Samuel she cried with a loud voice and spake to Saul saying: why hast thou mocked me ? for thou art Saul. And the king said unto her, be not afraid. But what seest thou. And the wife said unto Saul: I see a God ascending up out of the earth. And he said: what fashion is he of ? And the woman said: there cometh up an old man with a mantle upon him. And Saul perceived that it was Samuel, and stooped with his face to the ground and bowed himself. And Samuel said to Saul: why hast thou unquieted me, to make me be brought up ? And Saul answered: I am sore encumbered. For the Philistines make war against me, and God is departed from me and answered me no more, neither by prophets, neither by dreams. And therefore have I called thee, to tell me what I shall do. Then said Samuel: wherefore dost thou ask of me ? while the Lord is gone from thee and is thine enemy, the Lord will do to thee as he said by my hand. For the Lord will rent the kingdom out of thine hand, and give it thy neighbour David, because thou obeyedst not the voice of the Lord, nor executedst his fierce wrath upon the Amalekites. Therefore hath the Lord done this unto thee this day. And moreover the Lord will deliver Israel with thee, into the hands of the Philistines. And tomorrow shall thou and thy sons be with me, and the Lord shall give the host of Israel into the hands of the Philistines. Then Saul fell straightway flat on the earth as long as he was, and was sore a dread of the words of Samuel.
And thereto there was no strength in him, for he had not eaten all the day and the night before.
And the woman came unto Saul and saw that he was sore troubled, and said unto him: See, thine
handmaid hath obeyed thy voice and have put my soul in thy hand, and have hearkened unto thy
words which thou saidst unto me. Now therefore hearken thou also unto the voice of thine
handmaid, and let me set a morsel of bread before thee, and eat, and get the strength to go thy
journey. But he refused it and said: I will not eat. But his servants and the wife together
compelled him, that he heard their voice. And so he arose from the earth and sat him on a bed.
The woman had a fat calf in the house, and that she hasted and killed it, and took flour and
kneaded it and did bake him sweet cakes, and brought them before Saul and before his servants.
And when they had eaten, they stood up, and went away the same night.
The 29th Chapter
The Philistines gathered all their hosts together unto Aphec: And Israel pitched by a fountain in Jezrahel. And the Lords of the Philistines went forth by hundreds and by thousands. But David and his men came behind with Achis. Then said the Lords of the Philistines: what are yonder Hebrews ? And Achis said unto the Lords of the Philistines: Is not this David the servant of Saul the king of Israel, which hath been with me days or years, and I have found no fault in him since he fled unto me unto this day. Nevertheless the Lords of the Philistines were wroth with him and said unto him: Make this fellow return, and let him go again to his place which thou hast appointed him. For he shall not go with us to to battle, lest he be an adversary to us in the battle. For wherewith could he better obtain the favour of his master, than upon the heads of our men. Is not this David to whom they sang in dances: Saul slew his thousand, but David his ten thousand ? Then Achis called David and said unto him: As sure as the Lord liveth thou art honest, and it pleaseth me well that thou shouldest accompany me in the host, for I have found none evil with thee since thou camest to me unto this day: Nevertheless the Lords of the Philistines favour thee not: wherefore return and go in peace, that thou displease not the Lords of the Philistines. And David said again to Achis: Why what have I done ? and what hast thou found in thy servant as long as I have been with thee unto this day ? that I may not go fight against the enemies of my Lord the king ?
Achis answered and said to David: I know well thou pleasest me, as it were an Angel of God.
Notwithstanding the Lords of the Philistines have said, that thou shalt not go with them to battle.
Wherefore rise up early in the morning with thy masters servants that are come with thee. And
when ye be up early as soon as ye have light, depart. And so David and his men rose early to
depart in the morning, and to return into the land of the Philistines. And the Philistines went up to
The 30th Chapter
But before David and his men were come to Zikeleg the third day, the Amalekites had run in a running upon the south and upon Zikeleg, and had smitten Zikeleg and burnt it with fire, and had taken the women that were therein prisoners, both small and great: but slew not a man, save carried them with them and went their ways. When David and his men came to the city: behold, it was burnt with fire, and their wives, their sons and their daughters were taken prisoners. Then David and the people that was with him lifted up their voices and wept, until they could weep no more. And Davids two wives were taken prisoners also: Ahinoam the Jezrahelite and Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite. And David was in a shrewd strait: for the people intended to stone him because the hearts of the people were vexed for their sons and their daughters.
But David took a good courage to him in the Lord his God and said to Abiathar the priest Ahimelechs son: bring me the Ephod. And Abiathar brought the Ephod to David. And David asked the Lord saying: shall I follow after this company ? and shall I overtake them ? And he said to him: follow, for thou shalt overtake them and recover the prey.
And he went and the six hundred men that were with him, and they came to the river Besor, where a part of them abode. But David and four hundred men followed: But two hundred abode behind being too weary to go over the river Besor. Then they found an Egyptian in the field, and brought him to David and gave him bread to eat and water to drink, and gave him a few figs and two clusters of raisins. And when he had eaten his spirits came again to him: for he had eaten no bread nor drunk no water in three days and three nights. Then David said unto him: to whom belongest thou and whence(from where) art thou ? and the lad answered: I am an Egyptian and servant to an Amalekite: and my master left me behind, because it is three days a gone that I fell sick: we came a roving upon the south of Cerethis, and upon them of Juda and on the south of Caleb. And we burnt Zikeleg with fire. And David said to him: canst thou bring me to this company ? And he said: swear unto me by God, that thou wilt neither kill me nor deliver me into the hands of my master, and I will bring thee unto them. And when he had brought him: see, they lay scattered abroad upon the earth, eating and drinking and triumphing over all the great prey that they had carried away out of the land of the Philistines, and out of the land of Juda.
And David laid upon them from the twilight until the evening on the morrow: so that there escaped not a man, save four hundred young men which rode away upon camels and fled. And David recovered all the Amalekites had carried away, and his two wives: so that there was no person lacking small or great, son or daughter, or of the spoil of all that they had taken away, David brought all again. And David took all the sheep, and the oxen. And they drave the cattle before, and said: this is Davids prey. And then David came to the two hundred men that were too weary for to follow David which they made to abide at the river Besor. And they came to meet David and the people that were with him. And when David came to the people, he saluted them. Then answered all the wicked and the unthrifts of the men that went with David, and said: because they went not with us, therefore shall none of the prey that we have recovered, be given unto them, save to every man his wife and his children: which let them carry away and be walking.
Then said David: ye shall not do so (my brethren) with that the Lord hath given us, and hath
preserved us, and delivered the company that came against us, into our hands. For who should
hearken unto you in this matter ? But as his part is that goeth and fighteth, so good shall his part
be, that tarrieth by the stuff, they shall part it alike. And so from that day forward was that made a
law and a custom in Israel, and endureth to this day. When David came to Zikeleg, he sent of his
prey unto the elders of Juda and to his friends saying: see there a blessing for you, of the spoil of
the enemies of the Lord. He sent to them of Bethel: to them of south Ramath: to them of Gether:
to them of Aroer: to them of Sephamoth: to them of Esthamo: to them of Rachal: to them of the
cities of the Jerhameelites: to them of the cities of the Kenites: to them of Haramah: to them of
Borasan: to them of Athach: to them of Hebron, and to all places where David and his men were
wont to haunt.
The 31st Chapter
And as the Philistines fought against Israel, the men of Israel fled away from the Philistines, and fell down dead in mount Gelboe. And the Philistines followed after Saul and his sons, and slew Jonathas, Abinadab and Melchisua Sauls sons. And the battle went sore against Saul, in so much that shooters with bows had found him, and he was sore wounded of the shooters. Then said Saul unto his harness bearer: draw out thy sword and thrust me through therewith lest these uncircumcised come thrust me through and make a mocking stock of me. But his harness bearer would not, for he was sore afraid. Wherefore Saul took a sword and fell upon it. And when his harness bearer saw that Saul was dead, he fell likewise upon his sword and died with him. And so Saul died and his three sons and his harness bearer, and thereto all his men, that same day together.
When the men of Israel that were of the other side of the valley, and they of the other side Jordan,
heard that the men of Israel were put to flight, and that Saul and his sons were dead, they left the
cities, and ran away, and the Philistines came and dwelt in them. On the morrow when the
Philistines were come to strip them that were slain, they found Saul and his sons lying in mount
Gelboe. And they cut off his head and stripped him out of his harness, and sent unto the land of
the Philistines everywhere, to publish in the houses of their Gods and to the people. And they
hanged up his harness in the house of Astharoth, but they hanged up his carcase on the walls of
Bethsan. When the inhabiters of Jabes in Galaad heard thereof what the Philistines had done to
Saul, they arose as many as were men of war and went all night and took the carcase of Saul and
the carcases of his sons from the walls of Bethsan and brought them to Jabes and burnt them there
and took their bones and buried them under a Tree at Jabes, and fasted seven days.
The end of the first book of Samuel,
which they commonly call the first of the kings.