Table of Contents
The First Book of Moses
also called Genesis from the Latin(Part Three)
The 17th Chapter
When Abram was ninety years old and nine, the Lord appeared to him saying: I am the almighty God: walk before me and be uncorrupt. And I will make my bond between you and me, and will multiply you exceedingly. And Abram fell on his face. And God talked moreover with him saying: I am, behold my testament is with you, that you shall be a father of many nations. Therefore, shall you no more be called Abram, but your name shall be Abraham: for a father of many nations have I made you, and I will multiply you exceedingly, and will make nations of you: yea and kings shall spring out of you. Moreover I will make my bond between me and you, and your seed after you, in their times to be an everlasting testament, so that I will be God unto you and to your seed after you. And I will give unto you and to your seed after you, the land wherein you are a stranger: even all the land of Canaan, for an everlasting possession, and will be their God.
And God said unto Abraham: See you keep my testament, both you and your seed after you in their times: This is my testament which you shall keep between me and you and your seed after you, that you circumcise all your men children. you shall circumcise the foreskin of your flesh, and it shall be a token of the bond between me and you. And every manchild when it is eight days old, shall be circumcised among you in your generations, and all servants also born at home or bought with money though they be strangers and not of your seed. The servant born in your house, and he also that is bought with money, must needs be circumcised, that my testament may be in your flesh, for an everlasting bond. If there be any uncircumcised manchild, that has not the foreskin of his flesh cut off, his soul shall perish from his people: because he has broken my testament. And God said unto Abraham. Sarai your wife shall no more be called Sarai: but Sara shall her name be. For I will bless her and give you a son of her and will bless her: so that people, yea and kings of people shall spring of her. And Abraham fell upon his face and laughed, and said in his heart: shall a child be born unto him that is an hundred years old, and shall Sara that is ninety years old, bear: And Abraham said unto God. O that Ismael might live in your sight.
Then said God: no, Sara your wife shall bear you a son in deed and you shall call his name Isaac. And I will make my bond with him, that it shall be an everlasting bond unto his seed after him. And as concerning Ismael also, I have heard your request: lo, I will bless him and increase him, and multiply him exceedingly. Twelve princes shall he beget, and I will make a great nation of him. But my bond will I make with Isaac, which Sara shall bear unto you: even this time twelve month.
And God left off talking with him, and departed up from Abraham. And Abraham took Ismael his son and all the servants born in his house and all that was bought with money as many as were men children among the men of Abrahams house, and circumcised the foreskin of their flesh, even the selfsame day, as God had said unto him. Abraham was ninety years old and nine when he cut off the foreskin of his flesh. And Ismael his son was thirteen years old, when the foreskin of his flesh was circumcised. The self same day was Abraham circumcised and Ismael his son. And all the men in his house, whether they were born in his house or bought with money (though they were strangers) were circumcised with him.
The 18th Chapter
And the Lord appeared unto him in the oak grove of Mamre as he sat in his tent door in the heat of the day. And he lifted up his eyes and looked: and lo, three men stood not far from him. And when he saw them, he ran to meet them from the tent door, and fell to the ground and said: Lord if I have found favour in your sight: go not by your servant. Let a little water be fetched, and wash your feet, and rest yourselves under the tree: And I will fetch a morsel of bread, to comfort your hearts withal. And then go your ways, for even therefore are you come to your servant. And they answered: Do even so as you have said. And Abraham went a pace into his tent unto Sara and said: make ready at once three pecks of fine meal, knead it, and make cakes. And Abraham ran unto his beasts and fetched a calf that was tender and good, and gave it unto a young man which made it ready at once. And he took butter and milk and the calf which he had prepared, and set it before them, and stood himself by them under the tree: and they ate.
And they said unto him: Where is Sara your wife? And he said: in the tent. And he said: I will come again unto you as soon as the fruit can live. And lo: Sara your wife shall have a son. That heard Sara, out of the tent door which was behind his back. Abraham and Sara were both old and well stricken in age, and it ceased to be with Sara after the manner as it is with wives. And Sara laughed in her self saying: Now I am waxed old, shall I give my self to lust, and my lord old also? Then said the Lord unto Abraham: wherefore does Sara laugh saying: shall I of a surety bear a child, now when I am old? is the thing too hard for the Lord to do? In the time appointed will I return unto you, as soon as the fruit can have life, And Sara shall have a son. Then Sara denied it saying: I laughed not, for she was afraid. But he said: yes you laughed. Then the men stood up from there and looked toward Sodom. And Abraham went with them to bring them on the way. And the Lord said: Can I hide from Abraham that thing which I am about to do, seeing that Abraham shall be a great and a mighty people, and all the nations of the earth shall be blessed in him? For I know him that he will command his children and his household after him, that they keep the way of the Lord, to do after right and conscience, that the Lord may bring upon Abraham that he has promised him.
And the Lord said: The cry of Sodom and Gomorra is great, and their sin is exceeding grievous. I will go down and see whether they have done altogether according to that cry which is come unto me or not, that I may know. And the men departed there and went to Sodomward. But Abraham stood yet before the Lord, and drew near and said. Will you destroy the righteous with the wicked? If there be fifty righteous within the city, will you destroy it and not spare the place for the sake of fifty righteous that are therein? That be far from you, that you should do after this manner, to slay the righteous with the wicked, and that the righteous should be as the wicked: that be far from you. Should not the judge of all the world do according to right? And the Lord said: If I find in Sodom fifty righteous within the city, I will spare all the place for their sakes.
And Abraham answered and said: behold I have taken upon me to speak unto the Lord, and yet am but dust and ashes. What though there lack five of fifty righteous, will you destroy all the city for lack of five? And he said: If I find there forty and five I will not destroy them. And he spoke unto him yet again and said: what if there be forty found there. And he said: I will not do it for fortys sake. And he said: O let not my Lord be angry, that I speak. What if there be found thirty there? And he said: I will not do it, if I find thirty there. And he said: Oh, see, I have begun to speak unto my Lord, what if there be twenty found there? And he said: I will not destroy them for twentys sake. And he said: O let not my Lord be angry, that I speak yet, but even once more only. What if ten be found there? And he said: I will not destroy them for tens sake. And the Lord went his way as soon as he had left communing with Abraham. And Abraham returned unto his place.
The 19th Chapter
And there came two angels to Sodom at even. And Lot sat at the gate of the city. And Lot saw them, and rose up to meet them, and he bowed himself to the ground with his face. And he said: See lords, turn in I pray you in to your servants house and tarry all night and wash your feet, and rise up early and go on your ways. And they said: no, but we will bide in the streets all night. And he compelled them exceedingly. And they turned in unto him and entered into his house, and he made them a feast and did bake sweet cakes, and they ate. But before they went to rest, the men of the city of Sodom compassed the house round about both old and young, all the people from all quarters. And they called unto Lot and said unto him: where are the men which came into your house to night? bring them out unto us that we may do our lust with them.
And Lot went out at doors unto them and shut the door after him and said: no for Gods sake brethren, do not so wickedly. Behold I have two daughters which have known no man, them will I bring out unto you: do with them as it seems you good: Only unto these men do nothing, for therefore came they under the shadow of my roof. And they said: come hither. And they said: came you not in to sojourn, and will you be now a judge? we will surely deal worse with you than with them.
And as they pressed sore upon Lot and began to break up the door, the men put forth their hands and pulled Lot into the house to them and shut to the door. And the men that were at the door of the house, they smote with blindness both small and great: so that they could not find the door. And the men said moreover unto Lot: If you have yet here any son in law or sons or daughters or whatsoever you have in the city, bring it out of this place: for we must destroy this place, because the cry of them is great before the Lord. Wherefore he has sent us to destroy it.
And Lot went out and spoke unto his sons in law which should have married his daughters, and said: stand up and get you out of this place, for the Lord will destroy the city. But he seemed as though he had mocked, unto his sons in law. And as the morning arose the angels caused Lot to speed him saying. Stand up, take your wife and your two daughters and that, that is at hand, least you perish in the sin of the city. And as he prolonged the time, the men caught both him, his wife and his two daughters by the hands, because the Lord was merciful unto him, and they brought him forth and set him without the city. When they had brought them out, they said: Save your life and look not behind you neither tarry you in any place of the country, but save yourself in the mountain, least you perish. Then said Lot unto them: O no my Lord: behold, inasmuch as your servant has found grace in your sight, now make your mercy great, which you showed unto me in saving my life. For I cannot save myself in the mountains, least some misfortune fall upon me and I die. Behold, here is a city by, to flee unto, and it is a little one, let me save myself therein: is it not a little one, that my soul may live? And he said to him: see I have received your request as concerning this thing, that I will not overthrow this city for the which you have spoken. Haste you, and save yourself there, for I can do nothing till you be come in to there. And therefore the name of the city is called Zoar. And the sun was upon the earth when Lot was entered into *Zoar. *Zoar = Hebrew: to be brought low, made little.
Then the Lord rained upon Sodom and Gomorra, brimstone and fire from the Lord out of heaven, and overthrew those cities and all the region, and all that dwelled in the cities, and that, that grew upon the earth. And Lots wife looked behind her, and was turned in to a pillar of salt.
Abraham rose up early and got him to the place where he stood before the Lord, and looked toward Sodom and Gomorra and toward all the land of that country. And as he looked: behold, the smoke of the country arose as it had been the smoke of a furnace. But yet when God destroyed the cities of the region, he thought upon Abraham: and sent Lot out from the danger of the overthrowing, when he overthrew the cities where Lot dwelled.
And Lot departed out of Zoar and dwelled in the mountains and his two daughters with him for he feared to tarry in Zoar: he dwelled therefore in a cave, both he and his two daughters also. Then said the elder unto the younger: our father is old, and there are no more men in the earth to come in unto us after the manner of all the world. Come therefore, let us give our father wine to drink, and let us lie with him that we may save seed of our father. And they gave their father wine to drink that same night. And the elder daughter went and lay with her father. And he perceived it not, neither when she lay down, neither when she rose up.
And on the morrow the elder said unto the younger: behold, yesternight lay I with my father. Let us give him wine to drink this night also, and go you and lie with him, and let us save seed of our father. And they gave their father wine to drink that night also. And the younger arose and lay with him. And he perceived it not: neither when she lay down, neither when she rose up. Thus were both the daughters of Lot with child by their father. And the elder bare a son and called him Moab, which is the father of the Moabites unto this day. And the younger bare a son and called him Ben Ammi, which is the father of the children of Ammon unto this day.
The 20th Chapter
And Abraham departed there toward the south country and dwelled between Cades and Sur and sojourned in Gerar. And Abraham said of Sara his wife, that she was his sister. Then Abimelech king of Gerar sent and fetched Sara away.
And God came to Abimelech by night in a dream and said to him: See, you are but a dead man for the womans sake which you have taken away, for she is a man s wife. But Abimelech had not yet come near her, and therefore said: Lord will you slay righteous people? said not he unto me, that she was his sister? yea and said not she herself that he was her brother? with a pure heart and innocent hands have I done this. And God said unto him in a dream. I know it well that you did it in pureness of your heart. And therefore I kept you that you should not sin against me, neither *suffered (allowed) I you to come near her. Now therefore deliver the man his wife again, for he is a prophet. And let him pray for you that you may live. But and if you deliver her not again, be sure that you shall die the death, with all that you hast.
Then Abimelech rose up be times in the morning and called all his servants, and told all these things in their ears, and the men were sore afraid. And Abimelech called Abraham and said unto him: What have you done unto us, and what have I offended you, that you should bring on me and on my kingdom so great a sin? you have done deeds unto me that ought not to be done. And Abimelech said moreover unto Abraham: What saw you that moved you to do this thing?
And Abraham answered. I thought that peradventure the fear of God was not in this place, and that they should slay me for my wifes sake: yet in very deed she is my sister, the daughter of my father, but not of my mother: and became my wife. And after God caused me to wander out of my fathers house, I said unto her: This kindness shall you show unto me in all places where we come, that you say of me, how that I am your brother.
Then took Abimelech sheep and oxen, menservants and womenservants and gave them unto Abraham, and delivered him Sara his wife again. And Abimelech said: behold the land lies before you, dwell where it pleases you best. And unto Sara he said: See I have given your brother a thousand pieces of silver, behold this thing shall be a covering to your eyes unto all that are with you and unto all men and an excuse.
And so Abraham prayed unto God, and God healed Abimelech and his wife and his maidens, so that they bare. For the Lord had closed too, all the matrices of the house of Abimelech, because of Sara Abrahams wife.
The 21st Chapter
The Lord visited Sara as he had said and did unto her according as he had promised. And Sara was with child and bare Abraham a son in his old age even the same season which the Lord had appointed. And Abraham called his sons name that was born unto him which Sara bare him Isaac and Abraham circumcised Isaac his son when he was eight days old, as God commanded him. And Abraham was an hundred years old, when his son Isaac was born unto him. And Sara said: God has made me a laughing stock: for all that hear, will laugh at me. She said also: who would have said unto Abraham, that Sara should have given children suck, or that I should have borne him a son in his old age: The child grew and was weaned, and Abraham made a great feast, the same day that Isaac was weaned. Sara saw the son of Hagar the Egyptian which she had borne unto Abraham, a mocking. Then she said unto Abraham: put away this bondmaid and her son: for the son of this bondwoman shall not be heir with my son Isaac: But the word seemed very grievous in Abrahams sight, because of his son. Then the Lord said unto Abraham: let it not be grievous unto you, because of the lad and of your bondmaid: But in all that Sara has said unto you, hear her voice, for in Isaac shall your seed be called. Moreover of the son of the bondwoman will I make a nation, because he is your seed.
And Abraham rose up early in the morning and took bread and a bottle with water, and gave it unto Hagar, putting it on her shoulders with the lad also, and sent her away. And she departed and wandered up and down in the wilderness of Berseba. When the water was spent that was in the bottle, she cast the lad under a bush and went and sat her out of sight a great way, as it were a bowshot off: For she said: I will not see the lad die. And she sat down out of sight, and lifted up her voice and wept.
And God heard the voice of the child. And the angel of God called Hagar out of heaven and said unto her: What ails you Hagar? Fear not, for God has heard the voice of the child where he lies. Arise and lift up the lad, and take him in your hand, for I will make of him a great people. And God opened her eyes and she saw a well of water. And she went and filled the bottle with water, and gave the boy drink. And God was with the lad, and he grew and dwelled in the wilderness, and became an archer. And he dwelled in the wilderness of Pharan. And his mother got him a wife out of the land of Egypt.
And it chanced the same season, that Abimelech and Phicol his chief captain spoke unto Abraham saying: God is with you in all that you do. Now therefore swear unto me even here by God, that you will not hurt me nor my children, nor my children's children. But that you shall deal with me and the country where you are a stranger, according unto the kindness that I have showed you. Then said Abraham: I will swear.
And Abraham rebuked Abimelech for a well of water, which Abimelechs servants had taken away. And Abimelech answered I know not who did it: Also you told me not, neither heard I of it, but this day. And Abraham took sheep and oxen and gave them unto Abimelech. And they made both of them a bond together. And Abraham set seven lambs by themselves. And Abimelech said unto Abraham: what mean these seven lambs which you have set by themselves. And he answered: seven lambs shall you take of my hand, that it may be a witness unto me, that I have digged this well: Wherefore the place is called Berseba, because they sware both of them. Thus made they a bond together at Berseba. Then Abimelech and Phicol his chief Captain rose up and turned again unto the land of the Philistines. And Abraham planted a wood in Berseba, and called there, on the name of the Lord, the everlasting God: and dwelt in the Philistine land a long season.
The 22nd Chapter
After these deeds, God did prove Abraham and said unto him: Abraham. And he answered: here am I. And he said: take your only son Isaac whom you love, and get you unto the land of Moria, and sacrifice him there for a sacrifice upon one of the mountains which I will show you. Then Abraham rose up early in the morning and saddled his ass, and took two of his *meiny (many/OE mein; like minded) with him, and Isaac his son: and clove wood for the sacrifice, and rose up and got him to the place which God had appointed him.
The third day Abraham lifted up his eyes and saw the place afar off, and said unto his young men: bide here with the ass. I and the lad will go yonder and worship and come again unto you. And Abraham took the wood of the sacrifice and laid it upon Isaac his son, and took fire in his hand and a knife. And they went both of them together.
Then spoke Isaac unto Abraham his father and said: My father? And he answered here am I my son. And he said: See here is fire and wood, but where is the sheep for sacrifice? And Abraham said: my son, God will provide him a sheep for sacrifice. So went they both together.
And when they came unto the place which God showed him, Abraham made an altar there and dressed the wood, and bound Isaac his son and laid him on the altar, above upon the wood. And Abraham stretched forth his hand, and took the knife to have killed his son. Then the angel of the Lord called unto him from heaven saying: Abraham, Abraham? And he answered: here am I. And he said: lay not your hands upon the child, neither do anything at all unto him, for now I know that you fear God, in that you have not kept your only son from me. And Abraham lifted up his eyes and looked about: and behold, there was a ram caught by the horns in a thicket. And he went and took the ram and offered him up for a sacrifice in the stead of his son. And Abraham called the name of the place, the Lord will see: wherefore it is a common saying this day: in the mount will the Lord be seen.
And the angel of the Lord cried unto Abraham from heaven the second time saying: by myself have I sworn (says the Lord) because you have done this thing and have not spared your only son, that I will bless you and multiply your seed as the stars of heaven and as the sand upon the sea side. And your seed shall possess the gates of his enemies. And in your seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed, because you have obeyed my voice. So turned Abraham again unto his young men, and they rose up and went together to Berseba. And Abraham dwelt at Berseba. And it chanced after these things, that one told Abraham saying: Behold, Milcha she has also born children unto your brother Nachor: Hus his eldest son and Bus his brother, and Kemuel the father of the Sirians, and Cesed, and Haso, and Pildas, and Jedlaph, and Bethuel. And Bethuel begat Rebecca. These eight did Milcha bear to Nachor Abrahams brother. And his concubine called Rheuma she bare also Tebah, Gaham, Thaas and Maacha.
The 23rd Chapter
Sara was an hundred and twenty seven years old (for so long lived she) and then died in a head city called Hebron in the land of Canaan. Then Abraham came to mourn Sara, and to weep for her. And Abraham stood up from the corpse, and talked with the sons of Heth saying: I am a stranger and a foreigner among you, give me a possession to bury in with you, that I may bury my dead out of my sight. And the children of Heth answered Abraham saying unto him: Hear us Lord, you are a prince of God among us. In the chiefest of our sepulchers bury your dead: None of us shall forbid you his sepulcher, that you should not bury your dead therein. Abraham stood up, and bowed himself before the people of the land the children of Heth. And he communed with them saying: If it be your minds that I shall bury my dead out of my sight, hear me and speak for me to Ephron the son of Zoar: and let him give me the double cave which he has in the end of his field, for as much money as it is worth, let him give it me in the presence of you, for a possession to bury in. For Ephron dwelled among the children of Heth.
Then Ephron the Hethite answered Abraham in the audience of the children of Heth and of all that went in at the gates of his city, saying: Not so, my lord, but hear me: The field give I you, and the cave that therein is give I you also: And even in the presence of the sons of my people give I it you to bury your dead in. Then Abraham bowed himself before the people of the land, and spoke unto Ephron in the audience of the people of the country saying: I pray you hear me, I will give silver for the field, take it of me, and so will I bury my dead there. Ephron answered Abraham saying unto him: My lord, hearken unto me. The land is worth four hundred sickles of silver: But what is that between you and me? bury your dead. And Abraham hearkened unto Ephron and weighed him the silver which he had said in the audience of the sons of Heth. Even four hundred silver sickles of current money among merchants. Thus was the field of Ephron wherein the double cave is before Mamre: even the field and the cave that is therein and all the trees of the field which grow in all the borders round about, made sure unto Abraham for a possession, in the sight of the children of Heth, and of all that went in at the gates of the city. And then Abraham buried Sara his wife in the double cave of the field that lies before Mamre, otherwise called Ebron in the land of Canaan. And so both the field and the cave that is therein, was made unto Abraham, a sure possession to bury in, of the sons of Heth.
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