God's Truth

Table of Contents

The First Book of Moses

also called Genesis from the Latin

(Part Six)


The 36th Chapter
     These are the generations of Esau which is called Edom. Esau took his wives of the daughters of Canaan: Ada the daughter of Elon an Hethite, and Ahalibama the daughter of Ana, which Ana was the son of Zibeon an Hevite, And Basmath Ismaels daughter and sister of Nebaioth. And Ada bare unto Esau, Eliphas: and Basmath bare Reguel: And Ahalibama bare Jeus, Jaelam and Korah. These are the sons of Esau which were born him in the land of Canaan.
     And Esau took his wives, his sons and daughters and all the souls of his house: his goods and all his cattle and all his substance which he had got in the land of Canaan, and went into a country away from his brother Jacob: for their riches was so much, that they could not dwell together, and that the land wherein they were strangers, could not receive them: because of their cattle. Thus dwelt Esau in mount Seir, which Esau is called Edom. These are the generations of Esau father of the Edomites in mount Seir, and these are the names of Esaus sons: Eliphas the son of Ada the wife of Esau, and Reguel the son of Basmath the wife of Esau also. And the sons of Eliphas were: Theman, Omar, Zepho, Gaetham and Kenas. And Thimna was concubine to Eliphas Esaus son, and bare unto Eliphas, Amalek. And these be the sons of Ada Esaus wife. And these are the sons of Reguel: Nahas, Serah, Samma and Misa: these were the sons of Basmath Esaus wife. And these were the sons of Ahalibama Esaus wife the daughter of Ana son of Zebeon, which she bare unto Esau: Jeus, Jaelam and Rorah.
     These were dukes of the sons of Esau. The children of Eliphas the first son of Esau were these: duke Theman, duke Omar, duke Zepho, duke Kenas, duke Rorah, duke Gaetham and duke Amaleck: these are the dukes that came of Eliphas in the land of Edom, and these were the sons of Ada. These were the children of Reguel Esaus son: duke Nahas, duke Serah, duke Samma, duke Misa. These are the dukes that came of Reguel in the land of Edom, and these were the sons of Basmath Esaus wife. These were the children of Ahalibama Esaus wife: duke Jeus, duke Gaelam, duke Korah, these dukes came of Ahalibama the daughter of Ana Esaus wife. These are the children of Esau, and these are the dukes of them: which Esau is called Edom: These are the children of Seir the Horite, the inhabiter of the land: Lothan, Sobal, Zibeon, Ana, Dison, Eser and Disan. These are the dukes of the Horites the children of Seir in the land of Edom. And the children of Lothan were: Hori and Hemam. And Lothans sister was called Thimna.
     The children of Sobal were these: Alvan, Manahas, Ebal, Sepho and Onam. These were the children of Zibeon. Aia and Ana, this was that Ana that found the mules in the wilderness, as he fed his father Zibeons asses. The children of Ana were these. Dison and Ahalibama the daughter of Ana. These are the children of Dison. Hemdan, Esban, Jethran, and Cheran. The children of Ezer were these, Bilhan, Seavan and Akan. The children of Disan were: Ur and Aran.
     These are the dukes that came of Hori: duke Lothan, duke Sobal, duke Zibeon, duke Ana, duke Dison, duke Ezer, duke Disan. These be the dukes that came of Hori in their dukedoms in the land of Seir. These are the kings that reigned in the land of Edom before there reigned any king among the children of Israel. Bela the son of Beor reigned in Edomea, and the name of his city was Dinhaba. And when Bela died, Jobab the son of Serah out of Bezara, reigned in his stead. When Jobab was dead, Husam of the land of Themany reigned in his stead. And after the death of Husam, Hadad the son of Bedad which slew the Madianites in the field of the Moabites, reigned in his stead, and the name of his city was Avith. When Hadad was dead, Samla of Masreka reigned in his stead. When Samla was dead, Saul of the river Rehoboth reigned in his stead. When Saul was dead, Baal Hanan the son of Achbor reigned in his stead. And after the death of Baal Hanan the son of Achbor, Hadad reigned in his stead, and the name of his city was Pagu. And his wifes name Mehetabeel the daughter of Matred the daughter of Mesaab.
     These are the names of the dukes that came of Esau, in their kindreds, places and names: Duke Thimma, duke Alua, duke Jetheth, duke Ahalibama, duke Ela, duke Pinon, duke Kenas, duke Theman, duke Mibzar, duke Magdiel, duke Iram. These be the dukes of Edomea in their habitations, in the land of their possessions. This Esau is the father of the Edomites.

The 37th Chapter
     And Jacob dwelt in the land wherein his father was a stranger, that is to say in the land of Canaan. And these are the generations of Jacob: when Joseph was seventeen years old, he kept sheep with his brethren, and the lad was with the sons of Bilha and of Zilpha his fathers wives. And he brought unto their father an evil saying that was of them. And Israel loved Joseph more than all his children, because he begat him in his old age, and he made him a coat of many colors.
     When his brethren saw that their father loved him more than all his brethren, they hated him and could not speak one kind word unto him. Moreover Joseph dreamed a dream and told it his brethren: wherefore they hated him yet the more. And he said unto them: hear I pray you this dream which I have dreamed: Behold we were making sheaves in the field: and lo, my sheaf arose and stood upright, and yours stood round about and made obeisance to my sheaf. Then said his brethren unto him: what, shall you be our king or shall you reign over us? And they hated him yet the more, because of his dream and of his words.
     And he dreamed yet another dream and told it his brethren saying: behold, I have had one dream more: me thought the *sonne (son) and the moon and eleven stars made obeisance to me. And when he had told it unto his father and his brethren, his father rebuked him and said unto him: what means this dream which you have dreamed: shall I and your mother and your brethren come and fall on the ground before you? And his brethren hated him, but his father noted the saying.
* sonne is exactly the way it appears in the original text, sun, spelled sunne; in middle English, is used else where in the text.
     His brethren went to keep their fathers sheep in Sichem, and Israel said unto Joseph: do not your brethren keep in Sichem? come that I may send you to them. And he answered here am I. And he said unto him: go and see whether it be well with your brethren and the sheep, and bring me word again. And sent him out of the vale of Hebron, for to go to Sichem. And a certain man found him wandering out of his way in the field, and asked him what he sought. And he answered: I seek my brethren, tell me I pray you where they keep sheep. And the man said, they are departed here, for I heard them say let us go unto Dothan. Thus went Joseph after his brethren, and found them in Dothan.
     And when they saw him afar off before he came at them, they took counsel against him, for to slay him, and said one to another, Behold this dreamer comes, come now and let us slay him and cast him into some pit, and let us say that some wicked beast has devoured him, and let us see what his dreams will come to.
     When Ruben heard that, he went about to rid him out of their hands and said, let us not kill him. And Ruben said moreover unto them, shed not his blood, but cast him into this pit that is in the wilderness, and lay no hands upon him: for he would have rid him out of their hands and delivered him to his father again.
     And as soon as Joseph was come unto his brethren, they stripped him out of his gay coat that was upon him, and they took him and cast him into a pit. But the pit was empty and had no water therein. And they sat them down to eat bread. And as they lift up their eyes and looked about, there came a company of Ismaelites from Gilead, and their camels laden with spicery, balm, and myrrh, and were going down into Egypt.
     Then said Juda to his brethren, what avails it that we slay our brother, and keep his blood secret? come on, let us sell him to the Ismaelites, and let not our hands be defiled upon him: for he is our brother and our flesh. And his brethren were content. Then as the Madianites merchant men passed by, they drew Joseph out of the pit and sold him unto the Ismaelites for twenty pieces of silver. And they brought him into Egypt.
     And when Ruben came again unto the pit and found not Joseph there, he rent his clothes and went again unto his brethren saying: the lad is not yonder, and *whither shall I go? And they took Josephs coat and killed a goat, and dipped the coat in the blood. And they sent that gay coat and caused it to be brought unto their father and said: This have we found: see, whether it be your sons coat or no. And he knew it saying: it is my sons coat: a wicked beast has devoured him, and Joseph is rent in pieces. And Jacob rent his clothes, and put sack cloth about his loins, and sorrowed for his son a long season. Then came all his sons and all his daughters to comfort him. And he would not be comforted, but said: I will go down into the grave unto my son, mourning. And thus his father wept for him. And the Madianites sold him in Egypt unto Putiphar a lord of Pharaos: and his chief marshal. *whither=what ever place, result, or condition.

The 38th Chapter
     And it fortuned at that time that *Judas went from his brethren and got him to a man called Hira of Odollam, and there he saw the daughter of a man called Sua a Cananite. And he took her and went in unto her. And she conceived and bare a son and called his name Er. And she conceived again and bare a son and called him Onan. And she conceived the third time and bare a son, whom she called Sela: and he was at Chesib when she bare him. *Judas (exact spelling)
     And Judas gave Er his eldest son, a wife whose name was Thamar. But this Er Judas eldest son was wicked in the sight of the Lord, wherefore the Lord slew him. Then said Judas unto Onan: go in to your brothers wife and marry her, and stir up seed unto your brother. And when Onan perceived that the seed should not be his: therefore when he went in to his brothers wife, he spilled it on the ground, because he would not give seed unto his brother. And the thing which he did, displeased the Lord, wherefore he slew him also. Then said Juda to Thamar his daughter in law: remain a widow at your fathers house, till Sela my son be grown: for he feared least he should have died also, as his brethren did. Thus went Thamar and dwelt in her fathers house.
     And in process of time, the daughter of Sua Judas wife died. Then Judas when he had left mourning, went unto his sheep shearers to Thimnath with his friend Hira of Odollam. And one told Thamar saying: behold, your father in law goes up to Thimnath, to shear his sheep. And she put her widows garments off from her and covered her with a cloak, and disguised herself: And sat her down at the entering of Enaim which is by the high ways side to Thimnath, for because she saw that Sela was grown, and she was not given unto him to wife.
     When Juda saw her he thought it had been an whore, because she had covered her face. And turned to her unto the way and said, come I pray you, let me lie with you, for he knew not that it was his daughter in law. And she said what will you give me, for to lie with me? Then said he, I will send you a kid from the flock. She answered, Then give me a pledge till you send it. Then said he, what pledge shall I give you? And she said: your signet, your bracelet, and your staff that is in your hand. And he gave it her and lay by her, and she was with child by him. And she got her up and went and put her mantle from her, and put on her widows raiment again. And Judas sent the kid by his neighbor of Odollam, for to fetch out his pledge again from the wifes hand. But he found her not. Then asked he the men of the same place saying: where is the whore that sat at Enaim in the way? And they said: there was no whore here. And he came to Juda again saying: I cannot find her, and also the men of the place said: that there was no whore there. And Juda said: let her take it to her, least we be shamed: for I sent the kid and you could not find her.
     And it came to pass that after three months, one told Juda saying: Thamar your daughter in law has played the whore, and with playing the whore is become great with child. And Juda said: bring her forth and let her be burnt. And when they brought her forth, she sent to her father in law saying: by the man unto whom these things pertain, am I with child. And said also: look whose are this seal, bracelet, and staff. And Juda knew them saying: she is more righteous than I, because I gave her not to Sela my son. But he lay with her no more.
     When time was come that she should be delivered, behold there was two twins in her womb. And as she travailed, the one put out his hand and the midwife took and bound a red thread about it saying: this will come out first. But he plucked his hand back again, and his brother came out. And she said: wherefore have you rent a rent upon you? and called him Pharez. And afterward came out his brother that had the red thread about his hand, which was called Zarah.

The 39th Chapter
     Joseph was brought unto Egypt, and Putiphar a lord of Pharaos: and his chief marshal an Egyptian, bought him of the Ismaelites which brought him there. And the Lord was with Joseph, and he was a lucky fellow and continued in the house of his master the Egyptian. And his master saw that the Lord was with him, and that the Lord made all that he did prosper in his hand: Wherefore he found grace in his masters sight, and served him. And his master made him ruler of his house, and put all that he had in his hand. And as soon as he had made him ruler over his house and over all that he had, the Lord blessed this Egyptians house for Josephs sake, and the blessing of the Lord was upon all that he had: both in the house and also in the fields. And therefore he left all that he had in Josephs hand, and looked upon nothing that was with him, save only on the bread which he ate. And Joseph was a goodly person and well favored. And it fortuned after this, that his masters wife cast her eyes upon Joseph and said: come lie with me. But he denied and said to her: Behold, my master knows not what he has in the house with me, but has committed all that he has to my hand. He himself is not greater in the house than I, and has kept nothing from me, but only you because you are his wife. How then can I do this great wickedness, for to sin against God? And after this manner spoke she to Joseph day by day: but he hearkened not unto her, to sleep near her or to be in her company.
     And it fortuned about the same season, that Joseph entered into the house, to do his business: and there was none of the household by, in the house. And she caught him by the garment saying: come sleep with me. And he left his garment in her hand and fled and got him out. When she saw that he had left his garment in her hand, and was fled out, she called unto the men of the house, and told them saying: See, he has brought in an Hebrew unto us to do us shame: for he came in to me, for to have slept with me. But I cried with a loud voice. And when he heard, that I lifted up my voice and cried, he left his garment with me and fled away and got him out.
     And she laid up his garment by her, until her lord came home. And she told him according to these words saying. This Hebrews servant which you have brought unto us came in to me to do me shame. But as soon as I lifted up my voice and cried, he left his garment with me and fled out. When his master heard the words of his wife which she told him saying: after this manner did your servant to me, he waxed wroth.
     And he took Joseph and put him in prison: even in the place where the kings prisoners lay bound. And there continued he in prison, but the Lord was with Joseph and showed him mercy, and got him favour in the sight of the keeper of the prison which committed to Josephs hand all the prisoners that were in the prison house. And whatsoever was done there, that did he. And the keeper of the prison looked unto nothing that was under his hand, because the Lord was with him, and because that whatsoever he did, the Lord made it come luckily to pass.

The 40th Chapter
     And it chanced after this, that the chief butler of the king of Egypt and his chief baker had offended their lord the king of Egypt. And Pharao was angry with them and put them in ward in his chief marshals house: even in the prison where Joseph was bound. And the chief marshal gave Joseph a charge with them, and he served them. And they continued a season in ward.
     And they dreamed either of them in one night: both the butler and the baker of the king of Egypt which were bound in the prison house, either of them his dream, and each mans dream of a sundry (various) interpretation. When Joseph came in unto them in the morning, and looked upon them: behold, they were sad. And he asked them saying, wherefore look you so sadly today? They answered him, we have dreamed a dream, and have no man to declare it. And Joseph said unto them. Interpreting belongs to God but tell me yet. And the chief butler told his dream to Joseph and said unto him. In my dream me thought there stood a vine before me, and in the vine were three branches, and it was as though it budded, and her blossoms shot forth: and the grapes thereof waxed ripe. And I had Pharaos cup in my hand, and took of the grapes and wrung them into Pharaos cup, and delivered Pharaos cup into his hand. And Joseph said unto him, this is the interpretation of it. The three branches are three days: for within three days shall Pharao lift up your head, and restore you unto your office again, and you shall deliver Pharaos cup into his hand, after the old manner, even as you did when you was his butler. But think on me with you, when you are in good case, and show mercy unto me. And make mention of me to Pharao, and help to bring me out of this house: for I was stolen out of the land of the Hebrews, and here also have I done nothing at all wherefore they should have put me into this dungeon. When the chief baker saw that he had well interpreted it, he said unto Joseph, me thought also in my dream, that I had three wicker baskets on my head. And in the uppermost basket of all manner bakemeats for Pharao. And the birds ate them out of the basket upon my head.
     Joseph answered and said: this is the interpretation thereof. The three baskets are three days, for this day three days shall Pharao take your head from you, and shall hang you on a tree, and the birds shall eat your flesh from off you.
     And it came to pass the third day which was Pharaos birthday, that he made a feast unto all his servants. And he lifted up the head of the chief butler and of the chief baker among his servants. And restored the chief butler unto his butlership again, and he reached the cup into Pharaos hand, and hanged the chief baker: even as Joseph had interpreted unto them. Notwithstanding the chief butler remembered not Joseph, but forgot him.

The 41st Chapter
     And it fortuned at two years end, that Pharao dreamed, and thought that he stood by a rivers side, and that there came out of the river seven goodly kine (cows) and fat fleshed, and fed in a meadow, and him thought that seven other kine came up after them out of the river evil favored and lean fleshed and stood by the other upon the brink of the river. And the evil favored and lean fleshed kine: ate up the seven well favored and fat kine: and he awoke therewith. And he slept again and dreamed the second time, that seven ears of corn grew upon one stalk rank and goodly. And that seven thin ears blasted with the wind, sprang up after them: and that the seven thin ears devoured the seven rank and full ears. And then Pharao awakened: and see, here is his dream. When the morning came, his spirit was troubled. And he sent and called for all the soothsayers of Egypt and all the wise men thereof, and told them his dream: but there was none of them that could interpret it unto Pharao. Then spoke the chief butler unto Pharao saying. I do remember my fault this day. Pharao was angry with his servants, and put in ward in the chief marshals house both me and the chief baker. And we dreamed both of us in one night and each mans dream of a sundry (various) interpretation.
     And there was with us a young man, an Hebrew born, servant unto the chief marshal. And we told him, and he declared our dreams to us according to either of our dreams. And as he declared them unto us, even so it came to pass. I was restored to mine office again, and he was hanged.
     Then Pharao sent and called Joseph. And they made him haste out of prison. And he shaved himself and changed his raiment, and went in to Pharao. And Pharao said unto Joseph: I have dreamed a dream and no man can interpret it, but I have heard say of you that as soon as you hear a dream, you do interpret it. And Joseph answered Pharao saying: God shall give Pharao an answer of peace without me. Pharao said unto Joseph: in my dream me thought I stood by a rivers side, and there came out of the river seven fat fleshed and well favored kine (cows), and fed in the meadow. And then seven other kine came up after them, poor and very evil favored and lean fleshed: so that I never saw their like in all the land of Egypt in evil favoredness. And the seven lean and evil favored kine ate up the first seven fat kine. And when they had eaten them up, a man could not perceive that they had eaten them: for they were still as evil favored as they were at the beginning. And I awoke. And I saw again in my dream seven ears spring out of one stalk full and good, and seven other ears withered, thin and blasted with wind, spring up after them. And the thin ears devoured the seven good ears. And I have told it unto the soothsayers, but no man can tell me what it means. Then Joseph said unto Pharao: both Pharaos dreams are one. And God does show Pharao what he is about to do. The seven good kine are years: and the seven good ears are seven years also, and is but one dream. Likewise, the seven thin and evil favored kine that came out after them, are seven years: and the seven empty and blasted ears shall be seven years of hunger. This is that which I said unto Pharao, that God does show Pharao what he is about to do.
     Behold there shall come seven years of great plenteousness throughout all the land of Egypt. And there shall arise after them seven years of hunger. So that all the plenteousness shall be forgotten in the land of Egypt. And the hunger shall consume the land: so that the plenteousness shall not be once a seen in the land by reason of that hunger that shall come after, for it shall be exceeding great. And as concerning that the dream was doubled unto Pharao the second time, it betokens that the thing is certainly prepared of God, and that God will shortly bring it to pass.
     Now therefore let Pharao provide for a man of understanding and wisdom, and set him over the land of Egypt. And let Pharao make officers over the land, and take up the fifth part of the land of Egypt in the seven plenteous years and let them gather all the food of these good years that come, and lay up corn under the power of Pharao: that there may be food in the cities, and there let them keep it: that there may be food in store in the land, against the seven years of hunger which shall come in the land of Egypt, and that the land perish not through hunger.
     And the saying pleased Pharao and all his servants. Then said Pharao unto his servants: where shall we find such a man as this is, that has the spirit of God in him? wherefore Pharao said unto Joseph: forasmuch as God has showed you all this, there is no man of understanding nor of wisdom like unto you. You therefore shall be over my house, and according to your word shall all my people obey: only in the kings seat will I be above you. And he said unto Joseph: behold, I have set you over all the land of Egypt. And he took off his ring from his finger, and put it upon Josephs finger, and arrayed him in raiment of byss (fine linen), and put a golden chain about his neck and set him upon the best chariot that he had save one. And they cried before him *Abrech, and that Pharao had made him ruler over all the land of Egypt. *Abrech= cap A is correct, may be from Abroach 1. positioned so that a liquid, such as wine, can be let out. 2. In a state of action; astir.
     And Pharao said unto Joseph: I am Pharao, without your will, shall no man lift up either his hand or foot in all the land of Egypt. And he called Josephs name Zaphnath Paenea. And he gave him to wife Asnath the daughter of Putiphar priest of On. Then went Joseph abroad in the land of Egypt. And he was thirty years old when he stood before Pharao king of Egypt. And then Joseph departed from Pharao, and went throughout all the land of Egypt.
     And in the seven plenteous years they made sheaves and gathered up all the food of the seven plenteous years which were in the land of Egypt and put it into the cities. And he put the food of the fields that grew round about every city: even in the same. And Joseph laid up corn in store, like unto the sand of the sea in multitude out of measure, until he left numbering: For it was without number. And unto Joseph were born two sons before the years of hunger came, which Asnath the daughter of Putiphar priest of On, bare unto him. And he called the name of the first son Manasse, for God (said he) has made me forget all my labor and all my fathers household. The second called he Ephraim, for God (said he) has caused me to grow in the land of my trouble.
     And when the seven years of plenteousness that was in the land of Egypt were ended, then came the seven years of dearth, according as Joseph had said. And the dearth was in all lands: but in the land of Egypt was there yet food. When now all the land of Egypt began to hunger, then cried the people to Pharao for bread. And Pharao said unto all Egypt: go unto Joseph, and what he says to you that do. And when the dearth was throughout all the land, Joseph opened all that was in the cities, and sold unto the Egyptians. And hunger waxed sore in the land of Egypt. And all countries came to Egypt to Joseph for to buy corn: because that the hunger was so sore in all lands.

The 42nd Chapter
     When Jacob saw that there was corn to be sold in Egypt, he said unto his sons: why are you negligent? behold, I have heard that there is corn to be sold in Egypt. Get you there and buy us corn from there, that we may live and not die. So went Josephs ten brethren down to buy corn in Egypt, for Ben Jamin Josephs brother would not Jacob send with his other brethren: for he said: some misfortune might happen him.
     And the sons of Israel came to buy corn among other that came, for there was dearth also in the land of Canaan. And Joseph was governor in the land, and sold corn to all the people of the land. And his brethren came, and fell flat on the ground before him. When Joseph saw his brethren, he knew them: But made strange unto them, and spoke roughly unto them saying: From where come ye? and they said: out of the land of Canaan, to buy victual. Joseph knew his brethren, but they knew not him.
     And Joseph remembered his dreams which he dreamed of them, and said unto them: you are spies, and to see where the land is weak is your coming. And they said unto him: no, my lord: but to buy victual your servants are come. We are all one mans sons, and mean truly, and your servants are no spies. And he said unto them: no verily, but even to see where the land is weak is your coming. And they said: we your servants are twelve brethren, the sons of one man in the land of Canaan. The youngest is yet with our father, and one no man knows where he is. Joseph said unto them, that is it that I said unto you, that you are surely spies. Here by you shall be proved. For by the life of Pharao, you shall not go from here, until your youngest brother be come hither. Send therefore one of you and let him fetch your brother, and you shall be in prison in the mean season. And thereby shall your words be proved, whether there be any truth in you: or else by the life of Pharao, you are but spies. And he put them in ward three days.
     And Joseph said unto them the third day: This do and live, for I fear God. If you mean no hurt, let one of your brethren be bound in the prison, and go you and bring the necessary food unto your households, and bring your youngest brother unto me: that your words may be believed, and that you die not. And they did so.
     Then they said one to another: we have verily sinned against our brother, in that we saw the anguish of his soul when he besought us, and would not hear him: therefore is this trouble come upon us. Ruben answered them saying: said I not unto you that you should not sin against the lad? but you would not hear. And now verily see, his blood is required. They were not aware that Joseph understood them, for he spoke unto them by an interpreter. And he turned from them and wept, and then turned to them again and communed with them, and took out Simeon from among them and bound him before their eyes, and commanded to fill their sacks with corn, and to put every mans money in his sack, and to give them victual to spend by the way. And so it was done to them. And they laddened their asses with the corn and departed there. And as one of them opened his sack, for to give his ass provender in the Inn, he spied his money in his sacks mouth. And he said unto his brethren: my money is restored me again, and is even in my sacks mouth. Then their hearts failed them, and were astonished and said one to another: how comes it that God deals thus with us. And they came unto Jacob their father unto the land of Canaan, and told him all that had happened them saying: The lord of the land spoke roughly to us, and took us for spies to search the country. And we said unto him: we mean truly and are no spies. We be twelve brethren sons of our father, one is away, and the youngest is now with our father in the land of Canaan. And the lord of the country said unto us: hereby shall I know if you mean truly: leave one of your brethren here with me, and take food necessary for your households and get you away, and bring your youngest brother unto me. And thereby shall I know that you are no spies, but mean truly: So will I deliver you your brother again, and you shall occupy in the land. And as they emptied their sacks, behold: every mans bundle of money was in his sack. And when both they and their father saw the bundles of money, they were afraid.
     And Jacob their father said unto them: Me have you robbed of my children: Joseph is away, and Simeon is away, and you will take Ben Jamin away. All these things fall upon me. Ruben answered his father saying: Slay my two sons, if I bring him not to you again. Deliver him therefore to my hand, and I will bring him to you again: And he said: my son shall not go down with you. For his brother is dead, and he is left alone. Moreover some misfortune might happen upon him by the way which you go. And so should you bring my gray head with sorrow unto the grave.

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