Table of Contents
The Second Book of Moses
also called Exodus from the Latin(Part Two)
The 8th Chapter
The Lord spoke unto Moses: Go unto Pharao and tell him, thus says the Lord: let my people go, that they may serve me. If you will not let them go: behold I will smite all your land with frogs. And the river shall *scrale with frogs, and they shall come up and go into your house and into your chamber where you sleep and upon your bed, and into the houses of your servants, and upon your people, and into your ovens, and upon your victuals which you have in store. And the frogs shall come upon you and on your people and upon all your servants. *scrale (may mean to scurry and crawl with frogs)
And the Lord spoke unto Moses, say unto Aaron: stretch forth your hand with your rod over the streams, rivers, and ponds. And bring up frogs upon the land of Egypt. And Aaron stretched his hand over the water of Egypt, and the frogs came up and covered the land of Egypt. And the sorcerers did likewise with their sorcery, and the frogs came up upon the land of Egypt. Then Pharao called for Moses and Aaron and said, pray you unto the Lord that he may take away the frogs from me and from my people, and I will let the people go, that they may sacrifice unto the Lord. And Moses said unto Pharao: Appoint you the time unto me, when I shall pray for you and your servants and your people, to drive away the frogs from you and your house, so that they shall remain but in the river only. And he said tomorrow. And he said: even as you have said, that you may know that there is none like unto the Lord our God. And the frogs shall depart from you and from your houses, and from your servants and from your people, and shall remain in the river only.
And Moses and Aaron went out from Pharao, and Moses cried unto the Lord upon the appointment of frogs which he had made unto Pharao. And the Lord did according to the saying of Moses. And the frogs died out of the houses, courts and fields. And they gathered them together upon heaps: so that the land stank of them.
But when Pharao saw that he had rest given him, he hardened his heart and hearkened not unto them, as the Lord had said. And the Lord said unto Moses: Say unto Aaron: stretch out your rod and smite the dust of the land that it may turn to lice in all the land of Egypt. And they did so. And Aaron stretched out his hand with his rod and smote the dust of the earth, and it turned to lice both in man and beast, so that all the dust of the land turned to lice, throughout all the land of Egypt.
And the enchanters assayed likewise with their enchantments to bring forth lice, but they could not. And the lice were both upon man and beast. Then said the enchanters unto Pharao: it is the finger of God. Neverthelater Pharaos heart was hardened and he regarded them not, as the Lord had said.
And the Lord said unto Moses: rise up early in the morning and stand before Pharao, for he will come unto the water: and say unto him, thus says the Lord: let my people go, that they may serve me. If you will not let my people go, behold, I will send all manner flies both upon you and your servants, and your people, and into your houses. And the houses of the Egyptians shall be full of flies, and the ground whereon they are. But I will separate the same day the land of Gosan where my people are, so that there shall no flies be there: that you may know that I am the Lord upon the earth. And I will put a division between my people and yours. And even tomorrow shall this miracle be done.
And the Lord did even so: and there came noisome flies into the house of Pharao, and into his servants houses and into all the land of Egypt: so that the land was marred with flies. Then Pharao sent for Moses and Aaron and said: Go and do sacrifice unto your God in the land. And Moses answered: it is not meet so to do. For we must offer unto the Lord our God, that which is an abomination unto the Egyptians: behold shall we sacrifice that which is an abomination unto the Egyptians before their eyes, and shall they not stone us? we will therefore go three days journey into the desert and sacrifice unto the Lord our God as he has commanded us.
And Pharao said: I will let you go, that you may sacrifice unto the Lord your God in the wilderness: only go not far away, and see that you pray for me. And Moses said: behold, I will go out from you and pray unto the Lord, and the flies shall depart from Pharao and from his servants and from his people tomorrow. But let Pharao from this time forth deceive no more, that he would not let the people go to sacrifice unto the Lord.
And Moses went out from Pharao and prayed unto the Lord. And the Lord did as Moses had said, and took away the flies from Pharao and from his servants and from his people, so that there remained not one. But for all that, Pharao hardened his heart even then also and would not let the people go.
The 9th Chapter
And the Lord said unto Moses: go unto Pharao and tell him, thus says the Lord God of the Hebrews: send out my people that they may serve me. If you will not let them go but will hold them still: behold, the hand of the Lord shall be upon your cattle which you have in the field, upon horses, asses, camels, oxen, and sheep, with a mighty great *murrain (highly infectious diseases). But the Lord shall make a division between the beasts of the Israelites, and the beasts of the Egyptians: so that there shall nothing die of all that pertains to the children of Israel. And the Lord appointed a time saying: tomorrow the Lord shall do this thing in the land.
And the Lord did the thing on the morrow, and all the cattle of Egypt died: but of the cattle of the children of Israel died not one. And Pharao sent to know: but there was not one of the cattle of the Israelites dead. Notwithstanding the heart of Pharao hardened, and he would not let the people go.
And the Lord said unto Moses and Aaron: take your hands full of ashes out of the furnace, and let Moses sprinkle it up into the air in the sight of Pharao, and it shall turn to dust in all the land of Egypt, and shall make swelling sores with *blains both on man and beast in all the land of Egypt. And they took ashes out of the furnace, and stood before Pharao, and Moses sprinkled it up into the air: And there brake out sores with *blains both in man and beast: so that the sorcerers could not stand before Moses, for there were *botches on the enchanters and upon all the Egyptians. But the Lord hardened the heart of Pharao, that he hearkened not unto them, as the Lord had said unto Moses. *blains; boils, sores. Hebrew root: to swell up, belch forth. RN *botches: hebrew root to burn, inflamed sores...RN
And the Lord said unto Moses: rise up early in the morning and stand before Pharao and tell him, thus says the Lord God of the Hebrews: Let my people go, that they may serve me, or else I will at this time send all my plagues upon your heart and upon your servants and on your people, that you may know that there is none like me in all the earth. For now I will stretch out my hand and will smite you and your people with pestilence: so that you shall perish from the earth. Yes in very deed for this cause have I stirred you up, for to show my power in you, and to declare my name throughout all the world.
If it be so that you stop my people, that you will not let them go: behold, tomorrow this time, I will send down a mighty great hail: even such one as was not in Egypt since it was grounded unto this time. Send therefore and fetch home your beasts and all that you have in the field. For upon all the men and beasts which are found in the field and not brought home, shall the hail fall, and they shall die. And as many as feared the word of the Lord among the servants of Pharao made their servants and their beasts flee to house: and they that regarded not the word of the Lord, left their servants and their beasts in the field.
And the Lord said unto Moses: stretch forth your hand unto heaven, that there may be hail in all the land of Egypt: upon man and beast, and upon all the herbs of the field in the field of Egypt. And Moses stretched out his rod unto heaven, and the Lord thundered and hailed, so that the fire ran along upon the ground. And the Lord so hailed in the land of Egypt, that there was hail and fire mingled with the hail, so grievous, that there was none such in all the land of Egypt, since people inhabited it. And the hail smote in the land of Egypt all that was in the field both man and beast. And the hail smote all the herbs of the field and broke all the trees of the field: only in the land of Gosan where the children of Israel were, was there no hail. And Pharao sent and called for Moses and Aaron, and said unto them: I have now sinned, the Lord is righteous and I and my people are wicked. Pray you unto the Lord, that the thunder of God and hail may cease, and I will let you go, and you shall tarry no longer. And Moses said unto him: as soon as I am out of the city, I will spread abroad my hands unto the Lord, and the thunder shall cease, neither shall there be any more hail: that you may know, how that the earth is the Lords. But I know that you and your servants yet fear not the Lord God. The flax and the barley were smitten, for the barley was shot up and the flax was balled (budded): but the wheat and the rye were not smitten, for they were late sown.
And Moses went out of the city from Pharao and spread abroad his hands unto the Lord, and the thunder and hail ceased, neither rained it any more upon the earth, when Pharao saw that the rain and the hail and thunder were ceased, he sinned again and hardened his heart: both he and his servants. So was the heart of Pharao hardened, that he would not let the children of Israel go, as the Lord had said by Moses.
The 10th Chapter
The Lord said unto Moses: go unto Pharao: nevertheless I have hardened his heart and the hearts of his servants, that I might show these my signs amongst them, and that you tell in the audience of your son and of your sons son, the pageants which I have played in Egypt, and the miracles which I have done among them: that you may know how that I am the Lord. Then Moses and Aaron went in unto Pharao, and said unto him: Thus says the Lord God of the Hebrews: how long shall it be or you will submit yourself unto me? Let my people go that they may serve me. If you will not let my people go: behold, tomorrow will I bring grasshoppers into your land, and they shall cover the face of the earth that it cannot be seen, and they shall eat the residue which remains unto you and escaped the hail: and they shall eat all your green trees upon the field, and they shall fill your houses and all your servants houses, and the houses of all the Egyptians after such a manner: as neither your fathers nor your fathers fathers have seen, since the time they were upon the earth unto this day. And he turned himself about, and went out from Pharao.
And Pharaos servants said unto him: How long shall we be thus evilly entreated? Let the men go that they may serve the Lord their God, will you not yet know that Egypt is destroyed? And then Moses and Aaron were brought again unto Pharao, and he said unto them: Go and serve the Lord your God, but who are they that shall go? And Moses answered: we will go with young and old: you and with our sons and with our daughters, and with our sheep and oxen must we go. For we must hold a feast unto the Lord.
And he said unto them: shall it be so? The Lord be with you, should I let you go, and your children also? Take heed, for you have some mischief in hand. No not so: but go you that are men and serve the Lord, for that was your desire. And they thrust them out of Pharaos presence. And the Lord said unto Moses: Stretch out your hand over the land of Egypt for grasshoppers, that they come upon the land of Egypt and eat all the herbs of the land, and all that the hail left untouched. And Moses stretched forth his rod over the land of Egypt, and the Lord brought an east wind upon the land, all that day and all night. And in the morning the east wind brought the grasshoppers, and the grasshoppers went up over all the land of Egypt and lighted in all quarters of Egypt very grievously: so that before them were there no such grasshoppers, neither after them shall be. And they covered all the face of the earth, so that the land was dark therewith. And they ate all the herbs of the land and all the fruits of the trees which the hail had left: so that there was no green thing left in the trees and herbs of the field through all the land of Egypt. Then Pharao called for Moses and Aaron in haste and said: I have sinned against the Lord your God, and against you. Forgive me yet my sin only this once, and pray unto the Lord your God that he may take away from me this death only. And he went out from Pharao and prayed unto the Lord: and the Lord turned the wind into a mighty strong west wind, and it took away the grasshoppers and cast them into the reed sea: so that there was not one grasshopper left in all the coasts of Egypt. But the Lord hardened Pharaos heart, so that he would not let the children of Israel go.
And the Lord said unto Moses: Stretch out your hand unto heaven, and let there be darkness upon the land of Egypt: even that they may feel the darkness. And Moses stretched forth his hand unto heaven, and there was a thick darkness upon all the land of Egypt three days long, so that no man saw another, neither rose up from the place where he was by the space of three days, but all the children of Israel had light where they dwelled.
Then Pharao called for Moses and said: go and serve the Lord, only let your sheep, and your oxen abide, but let your children go with you. And Moses answered: you must give us also offerings and burnt offerings for to sacrifice unto the Lord our God: our cattle therefore shall go with us, and there shall not one hoof be left behind, for thereof must we take to serve the Lord our God. Moreover we cannot know wherewith we shall serve the Lord, until we come over there.
But the Lord hardened Pharaos heart, so that he would not let them go. And Pharao said unto him: get you from me and take heed to yourself that you see my face no more. For whensoever you come in my sight, you shall die. And Moses said: Let it be as you have said: I will see your face no more.
The 11th Chapter
And the Lord said unto Moses: yet will I bring one plague more upon Pharao and upon Egypt, and after that he will let you go from this place . And when he lets you go, he shall utterly drive you from this place . But bid the people that every man borrow of his neighbor and every woman of her neighbouress: jewels of silver and jewels of gold. And the Lord got the people favour in the sight of the Egyptians. Moreover Moses was very great in the land of Egypt: both in the sight of Pharao, and also in the sight of the people.
And Moses said: thus says the Lord. About midnight will I go out among the Egyptians, and all the firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die: even from the firstborn of Pharao that sits on his seat, unto the firstborn of the maidservant that is in the mill, and all the firstborn of the cattle. And there shall be a great cry throughout all the land of Egypt: so that there was never none like nor shall be. And among all the children of Israel shall not a dog move his tongue, nor yet man or beast: that you may know, how the Lord puts a difference between the Egyptians and Israel. And all these your servants shall come down unto me, and fall before me and say: get you out and all the people that are under you, and then will I depart. And he went out from Pharao in a great anger.
And the Lord said unto Moses: Pharao shall not regard you, that many wonders may be wrought in the land of Egypt. And Moses and Aaron did all these wonders before Pharao. But the Lord hardened Pharaos heart, so that he would not let the children of Israel go out of his land.
The 12th Chapter
And the Lord spoke unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt saying: This month shall be your chief month: even the first month of the year shall it be unto you. Speak you unto all the fellowship of Israel saying: that they take the tenth day of this month to every household, a sheep. If the household be too few for a sheep, then let him and his neighbor that is next unto this house, take according to the number of souls, and count unto a sheep according to every mans eating. A sheep without spot and a male of one year old shall it be, and from among the lambs and the goats shall you take it.
And you shall keep him in, until the fourteenth day of the same month. And every man of the multitude of Israel shall kill him about even. And they shall take of the blood and strike on the two side posts and on the upper doorpost of the houses, wherein they eat him. And they shall eat the flesh the same night, roast with fire, and with unleavened bread, and with sour herbs they shall eat it. See that you eat not thereof raw or sodden in water, but roast with fire: both head, feet, and *purtenance together. And see that you let nothing of it remain unto the morning: if anything remain burn it with fire. *pertenance: inner parts; heart, liver, lungs.
Of this manner shall you eat it: with your loins girded, and shoes on your feet, and your staves in your hands. And you shall eat it in haste, for it is the Lords passover, for I will go about in the land of Egypt this same night, and will smite all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both of man and beast, and upon all the gods of Egypt will I the Lord do execution. And the blood shall be unto you a token upon the houses wherein you are, for when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt.
And this day shall be unto you a remembrance, and you shall keep it holy unto the Lord: even throughout your generations after you shall you keep it holy day, that it be a custom for ever. Seven days shall you eat unleavened bread, so that even the first day you shall put away leaven out of your houses. For whosoever eats leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that soul shall be plucked out from Israel. The first day shall be a holy feast unto you, and the seventh also. There shall be no manner of work done in them, save about that only which every man must eat: that only may you do. And see that you keep you to unleavened bread. For upon that same day I will bring your armies out of the land of Egypt, therefore you shall observe this day and all your children after you, that it be a custom for ever. The first month and the fourteenth day of the month at even, you shall eat sweet bread unto the twenty first day of the month at even again. Seven days see that there be no leavened bread found in your houses. For whosoever eats leavened bread, that soul shall be rooted out from the multitude of Israel: whether he be a stranger or born in the land. Therefore see that you eat no leavened bread, but in all your habitations eat sweet bread.
And Moses called for the elders of Israel and said unto them: choose out and take to every household a sheep, and kill passover. And take a bunch of *isope, and dip it in the blood that is in the basin, and strike it upon the upper post and on the two side posts, and see that none of you go out at the door of his house until the morning. For the Lord will go about and smite Egypt. And when he sees the blood upon the upper door post and on the two side posts, he will pass over the door and will not allow the destroyer to come into your house to plague you. Therefore see that you observe this thing, that it be an ordinance to you, and your sons for ever. *isope: hyssop; a woody plant
And when you be come into the land which the Lord will give you according as he has promised, see that you keep this service. And when your children ask you what manner of service is this you do. you shall say: it is the sacrifice of the Lords passover, which passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt, as he smote the Egyptians and saved our houses. Then the people bowed themselves and worshipped. And the children of Israel went, and did as the Lord had commanded Moses and Aaron.
And at midnight the Lord smote all the firstborn in the land of Egypt: from the firstborn of Pharao that sat on his seat, unto the firstborn of the captive that was in prison, and all firstborn of the cattle. Then Pharao arose the same night and all his servants and all the Egyptians, and there was a great crying throughout Egypt, for there was no house where there was not one dead.
And he called unto Moses and Aaron by night saying: Rise up, and get you out from among my people: both you and also the children of Israel, and go and serve the Lord as you have said. And take your sheep and your oxen with you as you have said, and depart and bless me also. And the Egyptians were fierce upon the people, and made haste to send them out of the land: for they said: we be all dead men.
And the people took the dough before it was soured which they had in store, and bound it in cloths, and put it upon their shoulders. And the children of Israel did according to the saying of Moses: and they borrowed of the Egyptians jewels of silver, and jewels of gold, and raiment. And the Lord got the people favour in the sight of the Egyptians: and so they borrowed and robbed the Egyptians.
Thus took the children of Israel their journey from Rameses to Sucoth six hundred thousand men of foot, beside children. And much common people went also with them, and sheep, and oxen, and cattle exceeding much. And they baked sweet cakes of the dough which they brought out of Egypt, for it was not soured: because they were thrust out of Egypt and could not tarry, neither had they prepared them any other provision of meat.
And the time of the dwelling of the children of Israel which they dwelt in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years. And when the four hundred and thirty years were expired, even the self same day departed all the hosts of the Lord out of the land of Egypt. This is a night to be observed to the Lord, because he brought them out of the land of Egypt. This is a night of the Lord, to be kept of all the children of Israel and of their generations after them.
And the Lord said unto Moses and Aaron: this is the manner of passover: there shall no stranger eat thereof, but all the servants that are bought for money shall you circumcise, and then let them eat thereof. A stranger and a hired servant shall not eat thereof. In one house shall it be eaten. you shall carry none of the flesh out at the doors: moreover, see that you break not a bone thereof. All the multitude of the children of Israel shall observe it.
If a stranger dwell among you, and will hold Passover unto the Lord, let him circumcise all that be males, and then let him come and observe it, and be taken as one that is born in the land. No uncircumcised person shall eat thereof. One manner of law shall be unto them that are born in the land, and unto the strangers that dwell among you. And all the children of Israel did as the Lord commanded Moses and Aaron. And even the self same day did the Lord bring the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt with their armies.
The 13th Chapter
And the Lord spoke unto Moses saying: Sanctify unto me all the firstborn that open all manner matrices among the children of Israel, as well of men as of beasts: for they are mine. And Moses said unto the people: think on this day in which you came out of Egypt and out of the house of bondage: for with a mighty hand the Lord brought you out from that place. See therefore that you eat no leavened bread. This day come you out of Egypt in the month of Abib.
When the Lord has brought you into the land of the Cananites, Hethites, Amorites, Hevites and Jebusites, which he sware unto your fathers that he would give you: a land wherein milk and honey flows, then see that you keep this service in this same month. Seven days you shall eat sweet bread: and the seventh day shall be feastful unto the Lord. Therefore you shall eat sweet bread seven days, and see that there be no leavened bread seen nor yet leaven among you in all your quarters.
And you shall show your son at that time saying: this is done, because of that which the Lord did unto me when I came out of Egypt. Therefore it shall be a sign unto you upon your hand and a remembrance between your eyes, that the Lords law may be in your mouth. For with a strong hand the Lord brought you out of Egypt, see you keep therefore this ordinance in his season from year to year. Moreover when the Lord has brought you into the land of the Cananites, as he has sworn unto you and to your fathers, and has given it you, then you shall appoint unto the Lord all that opens the matrice, and all the firstborn among the beasts which you have if they be males. And all the firstborn of the asses, you shall redeem with a sheep: if you redeem him not, then break his neck. But all the firstborn among your children shall you buy out.
And when your son asks you in time to come saying: what is this? you shall say unto him: with a mighty hand and Lord brought us out of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. And when Pharao was loth (unwilling) to let us go, the Lord slew all the firstborn in the land of Egypt: as well the firstborn of men as of beasts. And therefore I sacrifice unto the Lord all the males that open the matrice, but all the firstborn of my children I must redeem. And this shall be as a token in your hand, and as a thing hanged up between your eyes: because the Lord brought us out of Egypt with a mighty hand.
When Pharao had let the people go, God carried them not through the land of the Philistines, though it were a near way. For God said: the people might haply repent when they see war, and so turn again to Egypt: therefore God led them about through the wilderness that borders on the red sea. The children of Israel went harnessed out of the land of Egypt. And Moses took the bones of Joseph with him: for he made the children of Israel sware saying: God will surely visit you, take my bones therefore with you. And they took their journey from Sucoth: and pitched their tents in Etham in the edge of the wilderness. And the Lord went before them by day in a pillar of a cloud to lead them the way: and by night in a pillar of fire to give them light: that they might go both by day and night. And the pillar of the cloud never departed by day nor the pillar of fire by night out of the peoples sight.
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