Table of Contents
The Third Book of Moses
also called Leviticus from the Latin(Part Three)
The 16th Chapter
And the Lord spoke unto Moses after the death of the two sons of Aaron, when they had offered before the Lord and died: And he said unto Moses: speak unto Aaron your brother that he go not at all times into the holy place, that is within the veil that hangs before the mercy seat which is upon the ark that he die not. For I will appear in a cloud upon the mercy seat.
But of this manner shall Aaron go in into the holy place: with a bullock for a sinoffering, and a ram for a burntoffering. And he shall put the holy linen *alb upon him, and shall have a linen breech upon his flesh, and shall gird him with a linen girdle, and put the linen miter upon his head: for they are holy raiments. And he shall wash his flesh with water, and put them on. And he shall take of the multitude of the children of Israel two goats for a sinoffering and a ram for a burntoffering.
*alb= white linen garment
And Aaron shall offer the bullock his sinoffering and make an atonement for him and for his house. And he shall take the two goats and present them before the Lord in the door of the tabernacle of witness. And Aaron cast lots over the two goats: one lot for the Lord, and another for a scapegoat. And Aaron shall bring the goat upon which the Lords lot fell, and offer him for a sinoffering. But the goat on which the lot fell to escape, he shall set alive before the Lord to reconcile with and to let him go free into the wilderness. And Aaron shall bring the bullock of his sinoffering, and reconcile for himself and for his household, and kill him.
And then he shall take a censer full of burning coals out of the altar that is before the Lord, and his handful of sweet cense beaten small and bring them within the veil and put the cense upon the fire before the Lord: that the cloud of the cense may cover the mercy seat that is upon the witness, that he die not. And he shall take of the blood of the bullock and sprinkle it with his finger before the mercy seat eastward: even seven times.
Then shall he kill the goat that is the peoples sinoffering, and bring his blood within the veil, and do with his blood as he did with the blood of the bullock and let him sprinkle it toward the mercy seat, and before the mercy seat: and reconcile the holy place from the uncleanness of the children of Israel, and from their trespasses and all their sins. And so let him do also unto the tabernacle of witness that dwells with them, even among their uncleannesses.
And there shall be nobody in the tabernacle of witness, when he goes in to make an atonement in the holy place, until he come out again. And he shall make an atonement for himself and for his household, and for all the multitude of Israel. Then he shall go out unto the altar that stands before the Lord, and reconcile it, and shall take of the blood of the bullock and of the blood of the goat, and put it upon the horns of the altar round about, and sprinkle of the blood upon it with his finger seven times, and cleanse it, and hallow it from the uncleannesses of the children of Israel.
And when he has made an end of reconciling the holy place and the tabernacle of witness and the altar, let him bring the live goat and let Aaron put both his hands upon the head of the live goat, and confess over him all the misdeeds of the children of Israel, and all their trespasses, and all their sins: and let him put them upon the head of the goat and send him away by the hands of one that is acquainted in the wilderness. And the goat shall bear upon him all their misdeeds unto the wilderness, and he shall let the goat go free in he wilderness.
And let Aaron go into the tabernacle of witness and put off the linen clothes which he put on when he went in into the holy place, and leave them there. And let him wash his flesh with water in the holy place, and put on his own raiment, and then come out and offer his burntoffering and the burntoffering of the people, and make an atonement for himself and for the people, and the fat of the sinoffering let him burn upon the altar. And let him that carried forth the scapegoat, wash his clothes and bathe his flesh in water, and then come into the host again. And the bullock of the sinoffering and the goat of the sinoffering (whose blood was brought in to make an atonement in the holy place) let one carry out without the host and burn with fire: both their skins, their flesh and their dung. And let him that burns them, wash his clothes and bathe his flesh in water, and then come into the host again. And this shall be an ordinance for ever unto you. And even in the tenth day of the seventh month, you shall humble your souls and shall do no work at all: whether it be one of yourselves or a stranger that sojourns among you, for that day shall an atonement be made for you to cleanse you from all your sins before the Lord, and you shall be clean. It shall be a Sabbath of rest unto you, and you shall humble your souls, and it shall be an ordinance for ever.
And the Priest that is anointed and whose hand was filled to minister in his fathers stead, shall make the atonement and shall put on the holy linen clothes and holy vestments, and reconcile the holy sanctuary and the tabernacle of witness and the altar, and shall make an atonement also for the priests and for all the people of the congregation. And this shall be an everlasting ordinance unto you to make an atonement for the children of Israel for all their sins once a year: and it was done even as the Lord commanded Moses.
The 17th Chapter
And the Lord talked with Moses saying: speak unto Aaron and unto his sons and unto all the children of Israel and say unto them, this is the thing which the Lord charged saying: whatsoever he be of the house of Israel that kills an ox, lamb or goat in the host or out of the host and brings them not unto the door of the tabernacle of witness, to offer an offering unto the Lord before the dwelling place of the Lord, blood shall be imputed unto that man, as though he had shed blood, and that man shall perish from among his people.
Wherefore let the children of Israel bring their offerings they offer in the wide field, unto the Lord: even unto the door of the tabernacle of witness and unto the priest, and offer them for peaceofferings unto the Lord. And the priest shall sprinkle the blood upon the altar of the Lord in the door of the tabernacle of witness, and burn the fat to be a sweet savour unto the Lord. And let them no more offer their offerings unto devils, after whom they go an whoring. And this shall be an ordinance for ever unto you throughout your generations.
And you shall say unto them: whatsoever man it be of the house of Israel or of the strangers that sojourn among you that offers a burntoffering or any other offering, and brings it not unto the door of the tabernacle of witness to offer unto the Lord, that fellow shall perish from among his people. And whatsoever man it be of the house of Israel or of the strangers that sojourn among you that eats any manner of blood, I will set my face against that soul that eats blood, and will destroy him from among his people, for the life of the flesh is in the blood, and I have given it unto you upon the altar, to make an atonement for your souls, for blood shall make an atonement for the soul. And therefore I said unto the children of Israel: see that no soul of you eat blood, nor yet any stranger that sojourns among you.
Whatsoever man it be of the children of Israel or of the strangers that sojourn among you that hunts and catches any beast or fowl that may be eaten, he shall pour out the blood and cover it with earth. For the life of all flesh is in the blood, therefore I said unto the children of Israel, you shall eat the blood of no manner of flesh, for the life of all flesh is in his blood, and whosoever therefore eats it shall perish. And whatsoever soul it be that eats that which died alone or that which was torn with wild beasts: whether it be one of yourselves or a stranger, he shall wash his clothes and bathe himself in water, and shall be unclean unto the evening, and then is he clean. But and if he wash them not nor wash his flesh he shall bear his sin.
The 18th Chapter
And the Lord talked with Moses saying: speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, I am the Lord your God. Wherefore after the doings of the land of Egypt wherein you dwelt, see that you do not: neither after the doings of the land of Canaan, whether I will bring you, neither walk you in their ordinances, but do after my judgments, and keep mine ordinances, to walk therein: for I am the Lord your God. Keep therefore mine ordinances, and my judgments which if a man do he shall live thereby: for I am the Lord.
See that you go to none of your nearest kindred for to uncover their secrets, for I am the Lord. The secrets of your father and your mother, see you *unhele not: she is your mother, therefore shall you not discover her secrets. The secrets of your fathers wife shall you not discover, for they are your fathers secrets. You shall not discover the privity of your sister, the daughter of your father or of your mother: whether she be born at home or without. You shall not discover the secrets of your sons daughter or your daughters daughter, for that is your own privity: You shall not discover the secrets of your fathers wifes daughter, which she bare to your father, for she is your sister: you shall therefore not discover her secrets. You shall not uncover the secrets of your fathers sister, for she is your fathers next kinswoman. You shall not discover the secrets of your mothers sister, for she is your mothers next kinswoman. *unhele: to loose from self control, devotion to Gods loving ordinances.
You shall not uncover the secrets of your fathers brother: that is you shall not go in to his wife, for she is your aunt. You shall not discover the secrets of your daughter in law she is your sons wife: therefore uncover not her secrets. You shall not unhele the secrets of your brothers wife, for that is your brothers privity. You shall not discover the privities of the wife and her daughter also, neither shall you take her sons daughter or her daughters daughter to uncover their secrets, they are her next kin, it were therefore wickedness. You shall not take a wife and her sister thereto, to vex her that you would open her secrets as long as she lives. You shall not go unto a woman to uncover her privity, as long as she is put apart for her uncleanness. You shall not lie with your neighbors wife, to defile yourself with her. You shall not give of your seed to offer it unto *Moloch, that you defile not the name of your God, for I am the Lord. You shall not lie with mankind as with womankind, for that is abomination. You shall lie with no manner of beast to defile yourself therewith, neither shall any woman stand before a beast to lie down thereto, for that is abomination. *Moloch= "king" from the Heb RN
Defile not yourselves in any of these things, for with all these things are these nations defiled which I cast out before you: and the land is defiled, and I will visit the wickedness thereof upon it. And the land shall spew out her inhabiters. Keep you therefore mine ordinances and judgements, and see that you commit none of these abominations: neither any of you nor any stranger that sojourns among you (for all these abominations have the men of the land done which were there before you, and the land is defiled) least that the land spew you out when you have defiled it, as it spewed out the nations that were there before you. For whosoever shall commit any of these abominations, the same souls that commit them shall perish from among their people. Therefore see that you keep mine ordinances, that you commit none of these abominable customs which were committed before you: that you defile not yourselves therewith for I am the Lord your God.
The 19th Chapter
And the Lord spoke unto Moses saying: speak unto all the multitude of the children of Israel, and say unto them. Be holy for I the Lord your God am holy. See that you fear every man his father and his mother, and that you keep my Sabbaths, for I am the Lord your God. you shall not turn unto idols nor make you gods of metal: I am the Lord your God.
When you offer your peaceofferings unto the Lord, you shall offer them that you may be accepted. And it shall be eaten the same day you offer it and on the morrow, but whatsoever is left on the third day shall be burnt in the fire. If it be eaten the third day, it shall be unclean and not accepted. And he that eats it shall bear his sin, because he has defiled the hallowed things of the Lord, and that soul shall perish from among his people.
When you reap down the ripe corn of your land, you shall not reap down the utmost borders of your fields, neither shall you gather that which is left behind in your harvest. You shall not pluck in all your vineyard clean, neither gather in the grapes that are overscaped. But you shall leave them for the poor and stranger. I am the Lord your God.
You shall not steal neither lie, neither deal falsely one with another. you shall not swear by my name falsely: that you defile not the name of your God, I am the Lord. You shall not beguile your neighbor with *cavillations, nether rob him violently, neither shall the workmans labor abide with you until the morning. You shall not curse the deaf, neither put a stumbling block before the blind: but shall fear your God. I am the Lord. you shall do no unrighteousness in judgement. You shall not favor the poor nor honor the mighty, but shall judge your neighbor righteously.*cavillations is petty accusations, bickering and being strifeful even legal disputes
You shall not go up and down a *privy accuser among your people, neither shall you help to shed the blood of your neighbor: I am the Lord. You shall not hate your brother in your heart but shall in any wise rebuke your neighbor: that you bear not sin for his sake. You shall not avenge yourself nor bear hate in your mind against the children of your people, but shall love your neighbor even as yourself. I am the Lord.
Keep mine ordinances. Let none of your cattle gender with a contrary kind, neither sow your field with mingled seed, neither shall you put on any garment of linen and woollen.
If a man have to do with a woman that is bond and has been meddled with all of another man which neither is bought nor freedom given her, there shall be a pain upon it: but they shall not die, because she was not made free. And he shall bring for his trespassoffering unto the Lord: even unto the door of the tabernacle of witness, a ram for a trespass offering. And the Priest shall make an atonement for him with the ram of the trespassoffering before the Lord, for his sin which he has done: and it shall be forgiven him, as concerning the sin which he has done.
And when you come to the land and have planted all manner of trees whereof men eat, you shall hold them uncircumcised as concerning their fruit: even three year shall they be uncircumcised unto you and shall not be eaten of, and the fourth year all the fruit of them shall be holy and acceptable to the Lord. And the fifth year may you eat of the fruit of them, and gather in the increase of them: I am the Lord your God.
You shall eat nothing with the blood, you shall use no witchcraft, nor observe dismal days, you shall not round the locks of your heads, neither shall you mar the tufts of your beard. you shall not rent your flesh for any souls sake, nor print any marks upon you: I am the Lord. You shall not pollute your daughter, that you would maintain her to be an whore: least the land fall to whoredom, and wax full of wickedness. See that you keep my Sabbaths and fear my sanctuary: I am the Lord. Turn not to them that work with spirits, neither regard them that observe dismal days: that you be not defiled by them, for I am the Lord your God.
You shall rise up before the *hoarhead (grey headed) , and reverence the face of the old man and dread your God, for I am the Lord. If a stranger sojourn by you in your land, see that you vex him not: But let the stranger that dwells with you, be as one of yourselves, and love him as yourself, for you were strangers in the land of Egypt. I am the Lord your God.
You shall do no unrighteousness in judgement neither in meteyard, weight or measure. But you shall have true balances, true weights, A true Epha and a true hin. I am the Lord your God which brought you out of the land of Egypt, that you should observe all mine ordinances and judgments and that you should keep them: I am the Lord.
The 20th Chapter
And the Lord talked with Moses saying: tell the children of Israel, whosoever he be of the children of Israel or of the strangers that dwell in Israel, that gives of his seed unto *Moloch he shall die for it: the people of the land shall stone him with stones. And I will set my face upon that fellow, and will destroy him from among his people: because he has given of his seed unto Moloch, for to defile my sanctuary and to pollute mine holy name. And though that the people of the land hide their eyes from that fellow, when he gives of his seed unto Moloch, so that they kill him not: yet I will put my face upon that man and upon his generation, and will destroy him and all that go a whoring with him and commit whoredom with Moloch from among their people. *Marginal note: Moloch, under this name molock is forbidden all manner of idolatry, specially the exercising of children thereto for that is an abomination before the Lord. Molock was an Idol of the children of Ammnon, whose Image was hollow, having in it seven closets, one was to offer in fine flour, another for turtle doves, the third for sheep, the fourth for a ram, the fifth for a calf, the sixth for an ox, and for him that would offer his son was opened the seventh closet. And the face of this Idol was like the face of a calf, his hands made plain ready to receive of them that stood by.
If any soul turn unto him to enchanters or expounders of tokens and go a whoring after them, I will put my face upon that soul and will destroy him from among his people. Sanctify yourselves therefore and be holy, for I am the Lord your God. And see that you keep mine ordinances and do them. For I am the Lord which sanctify you.
Whosoever curses his father or mother, shall die for it, his blood on his head, because he has cursed his father or mother. He that breaks wedlock with another mans wife shall die for it, because he has broke wedlock with his neighbors wife, and so shall she likewise. If a man lie with his fathers wife and uncover his fathers secrets, they shall both die for it, their blood be upon their heads. If a man lie with his daughter in law they shall die both of them: they have wrought abomination, their blood upon their heads. If a man lie with the mankind after the manner as with womankind, they have both committed an abomination and shall die for it. Their blood be upon their heads.
If a man take a wife and her mother thereto, it is wickedness. Men shall burn with fire both him and them, that there be no wickedness among you. If a man lie with a beast he shall die, and you shall slay the beast.
If a woman go unto a beast and lie down thereto: you shall kill the woman and the beast also, they shall die, and their blood be upon their heads. If a man take his sister, his fathers daughter or his mothers daughter, and see her secrets, and she see his secrets also: it is a wicked thing. Therefore let them perish in the sight of their people, he has seen his sisters secretness, he shall therefore bear his sin. If a man lie with a woman in time of her natural disease and uncover her secrets and open her fountain, and she also open the fountain of her blood, they shall both perish from among their people. You shall not uncover the secrets of your mothers sister nor of your fathers sister, for he that does so, uncovers his next kin: and they shall bear their misdoing.
If a man lie with his uncles wife, he has uncovered his uncles secrets: they shall bear their sin, and shall die childless.
If a man take his brothers wife, it is an unclean thing, he has uncovered his brothers secrets, they shall be childless therefore.
See that you keep therefore all mine ordinances and all my judgements, and that you do them: that the land *whither I bring you to dwell therein, spew you not out. And see that you walk not in the manners of the nations which I cast out before you: For they committed all these things, and I abhorred them.*whither=what ever place, result, or condition.
But I have said unto you that you shall enjoy their land, and that I will give it unto you to possess it: even a land that flows with milk and honey. I am the Lord your God, which have separated you from other nations: that you should put difference between clean beasts and unclean, and between unclean fowls and them that are clean. Make not your souls therefore abominable with beasts and fowls, and with all manner thing that creeps upon the ground, which I have separated unto you to hold them unclean. Be holy unto me, for I the Lord am holy and have severed you from other nations: that you should be mine.
If there be man or woman that works with a spirit or expounds tokens they shall die for it. Men shall stone them with stones, and their blood shall be upon them.
The 21st Chapter
And the Lord said unto Moses: speak unto the priests the sons of Aaron and say unto them: A priest shall defile himself at the death of none of his people, but upon his kin that is near unto him: as his mother, father, son, daughter and brother: and on his sister as long as she is a maid and dwells near him and was never given to man: on her he may defile himself. But he shall not make himself unclean upon a ruler of his people to pollute himself withal.
They shall make them no baldness upon their heads or shave off the locks of their beards, nor make any marks in their flesh. They shall be holy unto their God, and not pollute the name of their God, for the sacrifices of the Lord and the bread of their God they do offer: therefore they must be holy.
They shall take no wife that is an whore, or polluted, or put from her husband: for a priest is holy unto his God. Sanctify him therefore, for he offers up the bread of God: he shall therefore be holy unto you, for I the Lord which sanctify you, am holy.
If a priests daughter fall to play the whore, she pollutes her father: therefore she shall be burnt with fire.
He that is the high priest among his brethren upon whose head the anointing oil was poured and whose hand was filled to put on the vestments, shall not uncover his head nor rent his clothes, neither shall go to any dead body nor make himself unclean: no not on his father or mother, neither shall go out of the sanctuary, that he pollute not the holy place of his God, for the crown of the anointing oil of God, is upon him. I am the Lord. He shall take a maiden unto his wife: but no widow nor divorced nor polluted whore. But he shall take a maiden of his own people to wife, that he defile not his seed upon his people. For I am the Lord which sanctify him.
And the Lord spoke unto Moses saying, speak unto Aaron and say: No man of your seed in their generations that has any deformity upon him, shall *preace (plead? not found in sources) for to offer the bread of his God: for none that has any blemish shall come near: whether he be blind, lame, snoutnosed, or that has any misshapen member, or broken footed, or broken handed, or crook backed, or perleyed, or goggle eyed, or mangy or scald, or has his *stones (testicle) broken.
No man that is deformed of the seed of Aaron the priest, shall come near to offer the sacrifices of the Lord. If he have a deformity, he shall not prese (plead? not found in sources) to offer the bread of his God. Notwithstanding he shall eat of the bread of his God: even as well of the most holy, as of the holy: but shall not go in unto the veil nor come near the altar, because he is deformed, that he pollute not my sanctuary, for I am the Lord that sanctify them. And Moses told it unto Aaron and to his sons, and unto all the Children of Israel.
The 22nd Chapter
And the Lord communed with Moses saying: bid Aaron and his sons that they abstain from the hallowed things of the children of Israel which they have hallowed unto me, that they pollute not my holy name: for I am the Lord. Say unto them: whosoever he be of all your seed among your generation after you, that goes unto the hallowed things which the children of Israel shall have hallowed unto the Lord, his uncleanness shall be upon him: and that soul shall perish from out of my sight. I am the Lord.
None of the seed of Aaron that is a leper or that has a running sore, shall eat of the hallowed things until he be clean. And whosoever touches any unclean soul or man whose seed runs from him by night, or whosoever touches any worm that is unclean to him, or man that is unclean to him, whatsoever uncleanness he has: the same soul that has touched any such thing, shall be unclean until evening, and shall not eat of the hallowed things until he have washed his flesh with water. And then when the *son is down he shall be clean and shall afterward eat of the hallowed things: for they are his food. Of a beast that dies alone or is rent with wild beasts, he shall not eat, to defile himself therewith: I am the Lord. But let them keep therefore mine ordinance, least they lade sin upon them and die therein when they have defiled themselves: for I am the Lord which sanctify them. *sonne is the exact spelling, as sunne is the exact for sun, found else where in this text. RN
There shall no stranger eat of the hallowed things, neither a guest of the priests, or an hired servant. But if the priest buy any fowl with money he may eat of it, and he also that is born in his house may eat of his bread. If the priests daughter be married unto a stranger, she may not eat of the hallowed heave offerings. Notwithstanding if the priests daughter be a widow or divorced and have no child but is returned unto her fathers house again, she shall eat of her fathers bread as well as she did in her youth. But there shall no stranger eat thereof. If a man eat of the hallowed things unwittingly, he shall put the fifth part thereunto, and make good unto the priest the hallowed thing. And let the priests see, that they defile not the hallowed things of the children of Israel which they have offered unto the Lord, least they lade themselves with misdoing and trespass in eating their hallowed things, for I am the Lord which hallow them.
And the Lord spoke unto Moses saying: speak unto Aaron and his sons and unto all the children of Israel and say unto them, whatsoever he be of the house of Israel or stranger in Israel that will offer his offering: whatsoever vow or freewill offering it be which they will offer unto the Lord for a burntoffering to reconcile themselves, it must be a male without blemish of the oxen, sheep or goats, let them offer nothing that is deformed for they shall get no favour therewith.
If a man will offer a peaceoffering unto the Lord and separate a vow or a freewill offering of the oxen or the flock, it must be without deformity, that it may be accepted. There may be no blemish therein: whether it be blind, broken, wounded or have a wen (cyst), or be mangy or scabbed, see that you offer no such unto the Lord, nor put an offering of any such upon the altar unto the Lord.
An ox or a sheep that has any member out of proportion, may you offer for a freewill offering: but in a vow it shall not be accepted. You shall not offer unto the Lord that which is bruised broken, plucked out or cut away, neither shall make any such in your land, neither of a strangers hand shall you offer an offering to your God of any such. For they mar all in that they have deformities in them, and therefore cannot be accepted for you. And the Lord spoke unto Moses saying: when an ox, a sheep or a goat is brought forth, it shall be seven days under the dam. And from the eighth day forth, it shall be accepted unto a gift in the sacrifice of the Lord. And whether it be ox or sheep, you shall not kill it and her young both in one day.
When you will offer a thankoffering unto the Lord, you shall so offer it that you may be accepted. And the same day it must be eaten up, so that you leave none of it until the morrow. For I am the Lord, keep now my commandments and do them, for I am the Lord. And pollute not my holy name, that I may be hallowed among the children of Israel. For I am the Lord which hallow you, and brought you out of the land of Egypt, to be your God: for I am the Lord.
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