Table of Contents
The Fourth Book of Mosesalso called Numbers
(from middle English, French from the Latin)
The 30th Chapter
And Moses spoke unto the heads of the tribes of the children of Israel saying: this is the thing which the Lord commands. If a man vow a vow unto the Lord or swear an oath and bind his soul, he shall not go back with his word: but shall fulfil all that proceeds out of his mouth.
If a damsel vow a vow unto the Lord and bind herself being in her fathers house and unmarried: If her father hear her vow and bond which she has made upon her soul, and hold his peace thereto: then all her vows and bonds which she has made upon her soul shall stand in effect. But and if her father forbid her the same day that he hears it, none of her vows nor bonds which she has made upon her soul shall be of value, and the Lord shall forgive her, because her father forbade her.
If she had an husband when she vowed or pronounced anything out of her lips wherewith she bound her soul, and her husband heard it and held his peace thereat the same day he heard it: Then her vows and her bonds wherewith she bound her soul, shall stand in effect. But and if her husband forbade her the same day that he heard it, then has he made her vow which she had upon her of none effect, and that also which she pronounced with her lips wherewith she bound her soul, and the Lord shall forgive her.
The vow of a widow and of her that is divorced, and all that they have bound their souls withal, shall stand in effect with them.
If she vowed in her husbands house or bound her soul with an oath, and her husband heard it and held his peace and forbade her not: then all her vows and bonds wherewith she bound her soul, shall stand. But if her husband disannulled them the same day that he heard them, then nothing that proceeded out of her lips in vows and bonds wherewith she bound her soul shall stand in effect: for her husband has loosed them, and the Lord shall forgive her.
All vows and oaths that bind to humble the soul, may her husband stablish or break. But if her husband hold his peace from one day unto another, then he stablishes all her vows and bonds which she had upon her, because he held his peace the same day that he heard them. And if he afterward break them, he shall bear her sin himself.
These are the ordinances which the Lord commanded Moses, between a man and his wife, and between the father and his daughter, being a damsel in her fathers house.
The 31st Chapter
And the Lord spoke unto Moses saying: avenge the children of Israel of the Madianites, and afterward be gathered unto your people. And Moses spoke unto the folk saying: Harness some of you unto war, and let them go upon the Madianites and avenge the Lord of the Madianites. you shall send unto the war a thousand of every tribe throughout all the tribes of Israel. And there were taken out of the thousands of Israel twelve thousand prepared unto war, of every tribe a thousand. And Moses sent them a thousand of every tribe, with Phineas the son of Eleazer the priest to war, and the holy vessels and the trumpets to blow in his hand.
And they warred against the Madianites, as the Lord commanded Moses, and slew all the males. And they slew the kings of Madian among other that were slain: Eui, Rekem, Zur, Hur and Reba: five kings of Madian. And they slew Balam the son of Beor with the sword. And the children of Israel took all the women of Madian prisoners and their children, and spoiled all their cattle, their substance and their goods. And they burnt all their cities wherein they dwelt, and all their castles with fire. And they took all the spoil and all they could catch, both of men and beasts. And they brought the captives and that which they had taken and all the spoil unto Moses and Eleazer the priest and unto the company of the children of Israel, even unto the host, in the fields of Moab by Jordan near to Jericho.
And Moses and Eleazer the priest and all the lords of the congregation went out of the host against them. And Moses was angry with the officers of the host, with the captains over thousands and over hundreds, which came from war and battle, and said unto them: Have you saved the women alive? behold, these caused the children of Israel through Balam, to commit trespass against the Lord, by the reason of Peor, and there followed a plague among the congregation of the Lord. Now therefore slay all the men children and the women that have lien with men fleshly: But all the women children that have not lien with men, keep alive for yourselves. And lodge without the host seven days all that have killed any person and all that have touched any dead body, and purify both yourselves and your prisoners the third day and the seventh. And sprinkle all your raiments and all that is made of skins, and all work of goats hair, and all things made of wood.
And Eleazer the priest said unto all the men of war which went out to battle: this is the ordinance of the law which the Lord commanded Moses: Gold, silver, brass, iron, tin and lead, and all that may abide the fire, you shall make it go through the fire, and then it is clean. Neverthelater, it shall be sprinkled with sprinkling water. And all that suffers not the fire, you shall make go through the water. And wash your clothes the seventh day, and then you are clean. And afterward come into the host.
And the Lord spoke unto Moses saying: take the sum of the prey that was taken, both of the women and of cattle, you and Eleazer the priest and the ancient heads of the congregation. And divide it into two parts, between them that took the war upon them and went out to battle and all the congregation. And take a portion unto the Lord of the men of war which went out to battle one of five hundred, of the women and of the oxen and of the asses and of the sheep and you shall take it of their half and give it unto Eleazer the priest, an heave offering unto the Lord. And of the half of the children of Israel, take one of fifty, of the women, of the oxen, of the asses
and of the sheep, and of all manner of beasts, and give them unto the Levites which wait upon the habitation of the Lord.
And Moses and Eleazer the priest did as the Lord commanded Moses. And the booty and the prey which the men of war had caught, was six hundred thousand and seventy five thousand sheep: and seventy two thousand oxen: and sixty one thousand asses: and thirty two thousand women that had lien by no man.
And the half which was the part of them that went out to war, was three hundred thousand and thirty seven thousand and five hundred sheep: And the Lords part of the sheep was six hundred and seventy five. And the oxen were thirty six thousand, of which the Lords part was seventy two. And the asses were thirty thousand and five hundred, of which the Lords part was sixty one. And the women were sixteen thousand, of which the Lords part was thirty two souls. And Moses gave that sum which was the Lords heave offering unto Eleazer the priest: as the Lord commanded Moses. And the other half of the children of Israel which Moses separated from the men of war (that is to know, the half that pertained unto the congregation) was three hundred thousand and thirty seven thousand and five hundred sheep and thirty six thousand oxen: and thirty thousand asses and five hundred: and sixteen thousand women. And Moses took of this half that pertained unto the children of Israel: one of every fifty, both of the women and of the cattle, and gave them unto the Levites which waited upon the habitation of the Lord, as the Lord commanded Moses. And the officers of thousands of the host, the captains over the thousands and the captains over the hundreds came forth and said unto Moses: your servants have taken the sum of the men of war, which were under our hand, and there lacked, not one man of them. We have therefore brought a present unto the Lord what every man found of Jewels of gold, chains, bracelets, rings, earrings and spangles, to make an atonement for our souls before the Lord.
And Moses and Eleazer took the gold of them: Jewels of all manner fashions. And all the gold of the heave offering of the Lord, of the captains over thousands and hundreds was sixteen thousand seven hundred and fifty sickles, for the men of war had spoiled, every man for himself. And Moses and Eleazer the priest took the gold of the captains over the thousands and over the hundreds, and brought it into the tabernacle of witness: to be a memorial unto the children of Israel, before the Lord.
The 32nd Chapter
The children of Ruben and the children of Gad, had an exceeding great multitude of cattle. And when they saw the land of Jaeser and the land of Galaad that it was an apt place for cattle, they came and spoke unto Moses and Eleazer the priest and unto the lords of the congregation saying. The land of Ataroth, Dibo and Jazer, Nemrah and Hesbon Elealeh and Sabam and Nebo and Beon, which country the Lord smote before the congregation of Israel: is a land for cattle and we your servants have cattle wherefore (said they) if we have found grace in your sight, let this land be given unto your servants to possess, and bring us not over Jordan.
And Moses said unto the children of Gad and of Ruben: shall your brethren go to war and you tarry here? Wherefore discourage you the hearts of the children of Israel for to go over into the land which the Lord has given them. This did your fathers, when I sent them from Cades barne to see the land. And they went up even unto the river of Escol and saw the land, and discouraged the hearts of the children of Israel, that they should not go into the land which the Lord had given them.
And the Lord was wroth the same time and swore saying: None of the men that came out of Egypt from twenty years old and above, shall see the land which I swore unto Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, because they have not continually followed me: save Caleb the son of Jephune the Kenesite, and Josua the son of Nun, for they have followed me continually. And the Lord was angry with Israel, and made them wander in the wilderness forty years, until all the generation that had done evil in the sight of the Lord were consumed.
And behold, you are risen up in your fathers stead, the increase of sinful men, and to augment the fierce wrath of the Lord to Israelward. For if you turn away from after him, he will yet again leave the people in the wilderness, so shall you destroy all this folk. And they went near him and said: we will build sheepfolds here for our sheep and for our cattle, and cities for our children: But we ourselves will go ready armed before the children of Israel, until we have brought them unto their place. And our children shall dwell in the fenced cities, because of the inhabiters of the land. And we will not return unto our houses, until the children of Israel have inherited: every man his inheritance. For we will not inherit with them on yonder side Jordan forward, because our inheritance is fallen to us on this side Jordan eastward.
And Moses said unto them: If you will do this thing, that you will go all harnessed before the Lord to war, and will go all of you in harness over Jordan before the Lord, until he have cast out his enemies before him, and until the land be subdued before the Lord, then you shall return and be without sin against the Lord and against Israel, and this land shall be your possession before the Lord. But and if you will not do so, behold, you sin against the Lord: and be sure your sin will find you out. Build your cities for your children and folds for your sheep, and see you do that you have spoken. And the Children of Gad and of Ruben spoke unto Moses saying: your servants will do as my lord commands. Our children, our wives substance and all our cattle shall remain here in the cities of Galaad. But we your servants will go all harnessed for the war unto battle before the Lord, as my lord has said.
And Moses commanded Eleazer the priest: and Josua the son of Nun and the ancient heads of the tribes of the children of Israel, and said unto them: If the children of Gad and Ruben will go with you over Jordan, all prepared to fight before the Lord: then when the land is subdued unto you, give them the land of Galaad to possess, but and if they will not go over with you in harness, then they shall have their possessions among you in the land of Canaan. And the children of Gad and Ruben answered saying: that which the Lord has said unto your servants we will do. We will go harnessed before the Lord into the land of Canaan, and the possession of our inheritance shall be on this side the Jordan.
And Moses gave unto the children of Gad and of Ruben and unto half the tribe of Manasse the son of Joseph, the kingdom of Sehon king of the Amorites, and the kingdom of Og king of Basan, the land that longed unto the cities thereof in the coasts of the country round about. And the children of Gad built Dibo, ataroth, Aroer, Atroth, Sophan, Jaeser, Jegabea, Bethnimra and Betharan fenced cities, and they built folds for their sheep. And the children of Ruben built Hesebon, Eleale, Kiriathaim, Nebo, Baal, Meon and turned their names, and Sibama also: and gave names unto the cities which they built.
And the children of Machir the son of Manasse went to Galaad and took it, and put out the Amorites that were therein. And Moses gave Galaad unto Machir the son of Manasse and he dwelt therein. And Jahir the son of Manasse went and took the small towns thereof, and called them the towns of Jair. And Nobah went and took kenath with the towns longing thereto, and called it Nobah after his own name.
The 33rd Chapter
These are the journeys of the children of Israel which went out of the land of Egypt with their armies under Moses and Aaron. And Moses wrote their going out by their journeys at the commandment of the Lord: even these are the journeys of their going out. The children of Israel departed from Rameses the fifteenth day of the first month, on the morrow after Passover and went out with an high hand in the sight of all Egypt, while the Egyptians buried all their first born which the Lord had smitten among them. And upon their gods also the Lord did execution. And the children of Israel removed from Rameses and pitched in Sucoth. And they departed from Sucoth and pitched their tents in Ethan, which is in the edge of the wilderness. And they removed from Ethan and turned unto the entering of Hiroth which is before Baal Zephon, and pitched before Migdol. And they departed from before Hiroth and went through the midst of the sea into the wilderness, and went three days journey in the wilderness of Ethan, and pitched in Marah. And they removed from Marah and went unto Elim where were twelve fountains and seventy palm trees and they pitched there.
And they removed from Elim and lay fast by the red sea. And they removed from the red sea and lay in the wilderness of Sin. And they took their journey out of the wilderness of Sin, and set up their tents in Daphka. And they departed from Daphka, and lay in Alus. And they removed from Alus, and lay at Raphedim, where was no water for the people to drink. And they departed from Raphedim, and pitched in the wilderness of Sinai.
And they removed from the desert of Sinai, and lodged at the graves of lust. And they departed from the sepulchers of lust, and lay at Hazeroth. And they departed from Hazeroth, and pitched in Rithma. And departed from Rithma and pitched at Rimon Parez. And they departed from Rimon Parez, and pitched in Libna. And they removed from Libna, and pitched at Rissa. And they journeyed from Rissa and pitched at Kehelatha. And they went from Kehelatha, and pitched in mount Sapher. And they removed from mount Sapher, and lay in Harada. And they removed from Harada, and pitched in Makeheloth.
And they removed from Makeheloth, and lay at Tahas, and they departed from Tahas and pitched at Tharath. And they removed from Tharath, and pitched in Mithca. And they went from Mithca, and lodged in Hasmona. And they departed from Hasmona, and lay at Moseroth. And they departed from Moseroth, and pitched in Bane Jaken. And they removed from Bane Jaken, and lay at Horgadgad. And they went from Horgadgad, and pitched in Jathbatha. And they removed from Jathbatha, and lay at Abrona. And they departed from Abrona, and lay at Ezeon gaber. And they removed from Ezeon gaber, and pitched in the wilderness of Sin, which is Cades. And they removed from Cades, and pitched in mount Hor, in the edge of the land of Edom. And Aaron the priest went up into mount Hor at the commandment of the Lord and died there, even in the fortieth year, after the children of Israel were come out of the land of Egypt, and in the first day of the fifth month. And Aaron was an hundred and thirty three years old when he died in mount Hor. And king Erad the Cananite which dwelt in the south of the land of Canaan, heard that the children of Israel were come.
And they departed from mount Hor, and pitched in Zalmona. And they departed from Zalmona, and pitched in Phimon, and they departed from Phimon, and pitched in Oboth. And they departed from Oboth, and pitched in Jehabarim in the borders of Moab. And they departed from Jehabarim, and pitched in Dibon Gad. And they removed from Dibon Gad, and lay in Almon Diblathama. And they removed from Almon Diblathama, and pitched in the mountains of Abarim before Nabo. And they departed from the mountains of Abarim, and pitched in the fields of Moab fast by Jordan near to Jericho. And they pitched upon Jordan, from Beth Haiesmoth unto the plain of Abelsatim in the fields of Moab.
And the Lord spoke unto Moses in the fields of Moab by Jordan near unto Jericho, saying: speak unto the children of Israel and say unto them: when you are come over Jordan into the land of Canaan, see that you drive out all the inhabiters of the land before you, and destroy their chapels and all their Images of Metal, and pluck down all their altars built on hills: And possess the land and dwell therein, for I have given you the land to enjoy it. And you shall divide the inheritance of the land by lot among your kindreds, and give to the more the more inheritance, and to the fewer the less inheritance. And your inheritance shall be in the tribes of your fathers, in the place where every mans lot falls.
But and if you will not drive out the inhabiters of the land before you, then those which you let remain of them, shall be thorns in your eyes and darts in your sides, and shall vex you in the land wherein you dwell. Moreover it will come to pass, that I shall do unto you as I thought to do unto them.
The 34th Chapter
And the Lord spoke unto Moses saying: command the children of Israel and say unto them: when you come into the land of Canaan, this is the land that shall fall unto your inheritance, the land of Canaan with all her coasts. And your south quarter shall be from the wilderness of Sin along by the coast of Edom, so that your south quarter shall be from the side of the salt sea eastward, and shall fetch a compass from the south up to Acrabim, and reach to Zinna. And it shall go out on the south side of Cades Barne, and go out also at Hazar Adar, and go along to Azmon. And shall fetch a compass from Azmon unto the river of Egypt, and shall go out at the sea.
And your west quarter shall be the great sea, which coast shall be your west coast.
And this shall be your north quarter: you shall compass from the great sea unto mount Hor. And from mount Hor, you shall compass and go unto Hemath, and the end of the coast shall be at Zedada, and the coast shall reach out to Ziphron and go out at Hazer enan. And this shall be your north quarter.
And you shall compass your east quarter from Hazar enan to Sepham. And the coast shall go down from Sepham to Ribla on the east side of Ain. And then descend and go out at the side of the sea of Cenereth eastward. And then go down along by Jordan, and leave at the salt sea. And this shall be your land with all the coasts thereof round about.
And Moses commanded the children of Israel saying: this is the land which you shall inherit by lot, and which the Lord commanded to give unto nine tribes and an half: for the tribe of the children of Ruben, have received, in the households of their fathers, and the tribe of the children of Gad in their fathers households, and half the tribe of Manasse, have received their inheritance, that is to know two tribes and a half have received their inheritance on the other side of Jordan by Jericho eastward, toward the *son rising. * exactly as it appears in the text; note: in other places did the recorders write sunne for sun, and sonne as son.
And the Lord spoke to Moses saying: These are the names of the men, which shall divide you the land to inherit. Eleazer the priest, and Josua the son of Nun. And you shall take also a lord of every tribe to divide the land, whose names are these: in the tribe of Juda, Caleb the son of Jephune. And in the tribe of the children of Simeon, Semuel the son of Amiud, and in the tribe of BenJamin, Elidad the son of Cislon. And in the tribe of the children of Dan, the lord Bucki the son of Jagli. And among the children of Joseph: in the tribe of the children of Manasse, the lord Haniel the son of Ephod. And in the tribe of the children of Ephraim, the lord Camuel the son of Siphtan. And in the tribe of the sons of Zabulon, the lord Elizaphan the son of Pharnach. And in the tribe of the children of Isachar, the lord Palthiel the son of Asan. And in the tribe of the sons of Aser, the lord Ahihud the son of Salomi. And in the tribe of the children of Naphthali, the lord Peda El the son of Ammihud. These are they which the Lord commanded to divide the inheritance unto the children of Israel, in the land of Canaan.
The 35th Chapter
And the Lord spoke unto Moses in the fields of Moab by Jordan Jericho saying: command the children of Israel, that they give unto the Levites of the inheritance of their possession: cities to dwell in. And you shall give also unto the cities of the Levites, suburbs round about them. The cities shall be for them to dwell in, and the suburbs for their cattle, possession and all manner beasts of theirs. And the suburbs of the cities which you shall give unto the Levites, shall reach from the wall of the city outward, a thousand cubits (1500') round about. And you shall measure without the city, and make the utmost border of the east side: two thousand cubits. And the utmost border of the south side: two thousand cubits. And the utmost border of the west side: two thousand cubits. And the utmost border of the north side: two thousand cubits also: and the city shall be in the midst. And these shall be the suburbs of their cities.
And among the cities which you shall give unto the Levites, there shall be six cities of franchise which you shall give to that intent that he which kills, may fly over there. And to them you shall add forty two cities more: so that all the cities which you shall give the Levites shall be forty eight with their suburbs. And of the cities which you shall give out of the possessions of the children of Israel, you shall give many out of their possessions that have much and few out of their possessions that have little: so that every tribe shall give of his cities unto the Levites, according to the inheritance which he inherits.
And the Lord spoke unto Moses saying: speak unto the children of Israel and say unto them: when you be come over Jordan into the land of Canaan, you shall build cities which shall be privileged towns for you: that he which slays a man unawares, may fly over there. And the cities shall be to flee from the executer of blood, that he which killed die not, until he stand before the congregation in judgement. And of these six free cities which you shall give three you shall give on this side Jordan and three in the land of Canaan. And these six free cities shall be for the children of Israel and for the stranger and for him that dwells among you, that all they which kill any person unawares, may flee over there.
If any man smite another with a weapon of iron that he die, then he is a murderer, and shall die for it. If he smite him with a throwing stone that he die therewith, then he shall die: For he is a murderer and shall be slain therefore. If he smite him with a hand weapon of wood that he die therewith, then he shall die: for he is a murderer and shall be slain therefore.
The justice of blood shall slay the murderer, as soon as he finds him: If he thrust him of hate, or hurl at him with laying of wait that he die or smite him with his hand of envy that he die, he that smote him shall die, for he is a murderer. The justice of blood shall slay him as soon as he finds him.
But and if he pushed him by chance and not of hate or cast at him with any manner of thing and not of laying of wait: or cast any manner of stone at him that he die therewith, and saw him not: And he cast it upon him and he died, but was not his enemy, neither sought him any harm: Then the congregation shall judge between the slayer and the executer of blood in such cases. And the congregation shall deliver the slayer out of the hand of the judge of blood, and shall restore him again unto the franchised city, *whither he was fled. And he shall bide there unto the death of the high priest which was anointed with holy oil.*whither=what ever place, result, or condition.
But and if he came without the borders of his privileged city whither he was fled, if the avenger of blood find him without the borders of his free town, he shall slay the murderer and be guiltless, because he should have *bidden (remained,abide) in his free town until the death of the high priest, and after the death of the high priest, he shall return again unto the land of his possession. And this shall be an ordinance and a law unto you, among your children after you in all your habitations.
Whosoever slays, shall be slain at the mouth of witnesses. For one witness shall not answer against one person to put him to death. Moreover you shall take none amends for the life of the murderer which is worthy to die: But he shall be put to death. Also you shall take none atonement for him that is fled to a free city, that he should come again and dwell in the land before the death of the high priest. And see that you pollute not the land which you are in, for blood defiles the land. And the land can none otherwise be cleansed of the blood that is shed therein, but by the blood of it that shed it. Defile not therefore the land which you inhabit, and in the midst of which I also dwell among the children of Israel.
The 36th Chapter
And the ancient heads of the children of Galaad the son of Machir the son of Manasse of the kindred of the children of Joseph, came forth and spoke before Moses and the princes which were ancient heads among the children of Israel and said: The Lord commanded my lord to give the land to inherit by lot to the children of Israel. And then my lord commanded in the name of the Lord to give the inheritance of Zelaphead our brother unto his daughters. Now when any of the sons of the tribes of Israel take them to wives, then shall their inheritance be taken from the inheritance of our fathers, and shall be put unto the inheritance of the tribe in which they are and shall be taken from the lot of our inheritance. And when the year of jubilee comes unto the children of Israel, then shall their inheritance be put unto the inheritance of the tribe where in they are, and so shall their inheritance be taken away from the inheritance of the tribe of our fathers.
And Moses commanded the children of Israel at the mouth of the Lord saying: the tribe of the children of Joseph have said well. This therefore does the Lord command the daughters of Zelaphead saying: let them be wives to whom they themself think best, but in the kindred of the tribe of their fathers shall they marry, that the inheritance of the children of Israel roll not from tribe to tribe. But that the children of Israel may abide, every man in the inheritance of the tribe of his fathers. And every daughter that possesses any inheritance among the tribes of the children of Israel, shall be wife unto one of the kindred of the tribe of her father, that the children of Israel may enjoy every man the inheritance of his father, and that the inheritance go not from one tribe to another: but that the tribes of the children of Israel, may abide every man in his own inheritance.
And as the Lord commanded Moses even so did the daughters of Zelaphead: Mahela, Thirza, Hagla, Milcha and Noa, and were married unto their fathers brothers sons, of the kindred of the children of Manasse the son of Joseph: and so they had their inheritance in the tribe of the kindred of their father.
These are the commandments and laws which the Lord commanded through Moses, unto the children of Israel in the fields of Moab upon Jordan near unto Jericho.
The end of the fourth book of Moses
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