Table of Contents
The Fifth Book of Mosesalso called Deuteronomy
(after the Latin)
The 17th Chapter
You shall offer unto the Lord your God no ox or sheep wherein is any deformity, whatsoever evil favoredness it be: for that is an abomination unto the Lord your God.
If there be found among you in any of your cities which the Lord your God gives you man or woman that has wrought wickedness in the sight of the Lord your God, that they have gone beyond his appointment, so that they have gone and served strange gods and worshiped them, whether it be the son or moon or anything contained in heaven which I forbade, and it was told you and you have heard of it: Then you shall enquire diligently. And if it be true and the thing of a surety that such abomination is wrought in Israel, then you shall bring forth that man or that woman which have committed that wicked thing, unto your gates and shall stone them with stones and they shall die. At the mouth of two or three witnesses shall he that is worthy of death, die: but at the mouth of one witness he shall not die. And the hands of the witnesses shall be first upon him to kill him, and afterward the hands of all the people: so shall you put wickedness away from you.
If a matter be too hard for you in judgement between blood and blood, plea and plea, *plage and plage in matters of strife within your cities. Then arise and get you up unto the place which the Lord your God has chosen, and go unto the priests the Levites, and unto the judge that shall be in those days, and ask, and they shall show you how to judge. And see that you do according to that which they of that place (which the Lord has chosen) show you, and see that you observe to do according to all that they inform you. According to the law which they teach you and manner of judgement which they tell you, see that you do and that you bow not from that which they show you, neither to the right hand nor to the left. *plage: that is to look at the matter from every angle.
And that man that will do presumptuously, so that he will not hearken unto the priest that stands there to minister unto the Lord your God or unto the judge, shall die: and so you shall put away evil from Israel. And all the people shall hear and shall fear, and shall do no more presumptuously.
When you are come unto the land which the Lord your God gives you and enjoy it and dwell therein: If you shall say, I will set a king over me: like unto all the nations that are about me: Then you shall make him king over you, whom the Lord your God shall choose. One of your brethren must you make king over you, and may not set a stranger over you which is not of your brethren. But in any wise let him not hold too many horses, that he bring not the people again to Egypt through the multitude of horses, forasmuch as the Lord has said unto you: you shall from this time go no more again that way. Also he shall not have too many wives, least his heart turn away, neither shall he gather him silver and gold too much.
And when he is sitten upon the seat of his kingdom, he shall write him out this second law in a book taking a copy of the priests the Levites. And it shall be with him and he shall read there in all days of his life that he may learn to fear the Lord his God for to keep all the words of this law and these ordinances for to do them: that his heart arise not above his brethren and that he turn not from the commandment: either to the right hand or to the left: that both he and his children may prolong their days in his kingdom in Israel.
The 18th Chapter
The priests the Levites, all the tribe of Levi shall have no part nor inheritance with Israel. The offerings of the Lord and his inheritance they shall eat, but shall have no inheritance among their brethren: the Lord he is their inheritance, as he has said unto them. And this is the duty of the priests of the people and of them that offer, whether it be ox or sheep: They must give unto the priest, the shoulder and the two cheeks and the *mawe, the first fruits of your corn, wine and oil, and the first of your sheep shearing must you give him. For the Lord your God has chosen him out of all your tribes to stand and to minister in the name of the Lord: both him and his sons for ever. If a Levite come out of any of your cities or any place of Israel, where he is a sojourner, and come with all the lust of his heart unto the place which the Lord has chosen: he shall there minister in the name of the Lord his God as all his brethren the Levites do which stand there before the Lord. And they shall have like portions to eat, beside that which comes to him of the patrimony of his elders. *mawe: The mouth, stomach, jaws, or gullet of a voracious animal, especially a carnivore. The opening into something insatiable:
When you are come into the land which the Lord your God gives you, see that you learn not to do after the abominations of these nations. Let there not be found among you that makes his son or his daughter go through fire, or that uses *withcraft, or a chooser out of days or that regards the *flyeng (flaying) of souls, or a sorcerer, or a charmer, or that counsels with spirits, or a *propheciar or that asks the advise of the dead. For all that do such things are abomination unto the Lord: and because of these abominations the Lord your God does cast them out before you, be pure therefore with the Lord your God. For these nations which you shall conquer, hearken unto choosers out of days and prophecyars. But the Lord your God permits not that to you. *withcraft: with craft /witchcraft *propheciar: prophesiers, false prophets of nations, diviners. *flyeng (flaying)of souls: to remove the "covering", as we are covered by the blood of Christ only, these would say that his blood is not sufficient, that we must also have the "covering" of mens doctrine and vain imaginations. Also see Christ "removes the covering from the earth. Isaiah 30, Ezek 28, RN
The Lord your God will stir up a Prophet among you: even of your brethren like unto me: and unto him you shall hearken according to all that you desired of the Lord your God in Horeb in the day when the people were gathered saying: Let me hear the voice of my Lord God no more, nor see this great fire any more, that I die not. And the Lord said unto me: they have well spoken, I will raise them up a prophet from among their brethren like unto you and will put my words into his mouth and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him. And whosoever will not hearken unto the words which he shall speak in my name, I will require it of him.
But the prophet which shall presume to speak anything in my name which I commanded him not to speak, and he that speaks in the name of strange Gods, the same prophet shall die. And if you say in your heart, how shall I know that which the Lord has not spoken? When a prophet speaks in the name of the Lord, if the thing follow not nor come to pass, that is the thing which the Lord has not spoken. But the prophet has spoken it presumptuously: be not afeared therefore of him.
The 19th Chapter
When the Lord your God has destroyed the nations whose land the Lord your God gives you, and you have conquered them and dwell in their cities and in their houses: you shall appoint three cities in the land which the Lord your God gives you to possess it: you shall prepare the way and divide the coasts of your land which the Lord your God gives you to possess it: you shall prepare the way and divide the coasts of your land which the Lord your God gives you to inherit, into three parts that whosoever commits murder may flee there. And this is the cause of the slayer that shall flee there and be saved: If he smite his neighbor ignorantly and hated him not in time past: As when a man goes unto the wood with his neighbor to hew wood, and as his hand fetches a stroke with the axe, the head slips from the *helve (handle) and smites his neighbor that he die: the same shall flee unto one of the same cities and be saved. least the executer of blood follow after the slayer while his heart is hot and overtake him, because the way is long, and slay him, and yet there is no cause worthy of death in him, inasmuch as he hated not his neighbor in time past. Wherefore I command you saying: see that you appoint out three cities.
And if the Lord your God enlarge your coasts as he has sworn unto your fathers and give you all the land which he said he would give unto your fathers (so that you keep all these commandments to do them, which I command you this day, that you love the Lord your God and walk in his ways ever) then you shall add three cities more unto those three, that innocent blood be not shed in your land which the Lord your God gives you to inherit, and so blood come upon you. But and if there be any man that hates his neighbor and lays await for him and rises against him and smites him that he die, and flees unto any of these cities. Then let the elders of his city send and fetch him from that place and deliver him into the hands of the justice of blood, and he shall die. Let your eye have no pity on him, and so you shall put away innocent blood from Israel, and happy are you. You shall not remove your neighbors mark which they of old time have set in your inheritance that you inherit in the land which the Lord your God gives you to enjoy it.
One witness shall not rise against a man in any manner trespass or sin, whatsoever sin a man sins: But at the mouth of two witnesses or of three witnesses shall all matters be tried.
If an unrighteous witness rise up against a man to accuse him of trespass: then let both the men which strive together stand before the Lord, before the priests and the judges which shall be in those days, and let the judges enquire a good. And if the witness be found false and that he has given false witness against his brother then shall you do unto him as he had thought to do unto his brother, and so you shall put evil away from you. And others shall hear and fear and shall from this time commit no more any such wickedness among you. And let your eye have no compassion, but life for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, and foot for foot.
The 20th Chapter
When you go out to battle against your enemies, and see horses and chariots and people more than you, be not afeared of them, for the Lord your God is with you which brought you out of the land of Egypt. And when you are come near unto battle, let the priest come forth and speak unto the people and say unto them: Hear Israel, you are come unto battle against your enemies, let not your hearts faint, neither fear nor be amazed nor a dread of them. For the Lord your God goes with you to fight for you against your enemies and to save you.
And let the officers speak unto the people saying: If any man have built a new house and have not dedicate it, let him go and return to his house least he die in the battle, and another dedicate it. And if any man have planted a vineyard and have not made it common, let him go and return again unto his house, least he die in the battle and another make it common. And if any man be betrothed unto a wife and have not taken her, let him go and return again unto his house, least he die in the battle and another take her.
And let the officers speak further unto the people and say. If any man fear and be fainthearted, let him go and return unto his house, least his brothers heart be made faint as well as his. And when the officers have made an end of speaking unto the people, let them make captains of war over them.
When you come near unto a city to fight against it, offer them peace. And if they answer you again peaceably, and open unto you, then let all the people that is found therein be tributaries unto you and serve you. But and if they will make no peace with you, then make war against the city and besiege it. And when the Lord your God has delivered it into your hands, smite all the males thereof with the edge of the sword, save the women and the children and the cattle and all that is in the city and all the spoil thereof take unto yourself and eat the spoil of your enemies which the Lord your God gives you. Thus you shall do unto all the cities which are a great way off from you and not of the cities of these nations.
But in the cities of these nations which the Lord your God gives you to inherit, you shall save alive nothing that breaths. But shall destroy them without redemption, both the Hethites, the Amorites, the Cananites, the Pherezites, the Hevites and the Jebusites, as the Lord your God has commanded you, that they teach you not to do after all their abominations which they do unto their gods, and so should sin against the Lord your God.
When you have besieged a city long time in making war against it to take it, destroy not the trees thereof, that you would thrust an axe unto them. For you may eat of them, and therefore destroy them not. For the trees of the fields are no men that they might come against you to besiege you. Neverthelater those trees which you know that men eat not of them, you may destroy and cut them down and make bulwarks against the city that makes war with you, until it be overthrown.
The 21st Chapter
If one be found slain in the land which the Lord your God gives you to possess it, and lies in the fields, and not known who has slain him: Then let your elders and your judges come forth and meet unto the cities that are round about the slain. And let the elders of that city which is next unto the slain man, take an heifer that is not labored with nor has drawn in the yoke, and let them bring her unto a valley where is neither earing nor sowing, and strike off her head there in the valley.
Then let the priests the sons of Levi come forth, for the Lord your God has chosen them to minister and to bless in the name of the Lord and therefore at their mouth shall all strife and plague be tried. And all the elders of the city that is next to the slain man shall wash their hands over the heifer that is beheaded in the plain, and shall answer and say: our hands have not shed this blood neither have our eyes seen it. Be merciful Lord unto your people Israel which you have delivered and put not innocent blood unto your people Israel: and the blood shall be forgiven them. And so shall you put innocent blood from you, when you shall have done that which is right in the sight of the Lord.
When you go to war against your enemies and the Lord your God has delivered them into your hands and you have take them captive, and see among the captives a beautiful woman and have a fantasy unto her that you would have her to your wife. Then bring her home to your house and let her shave her head and pare her nails and put her raiment that she was taken in from her, and let her remain in your house and beweep her father and her mother a month long and after that go in unto her and marry her and let her be your wife. And if you have no favor unto her, then let her go *whither she lusts: for you may not sell her for money nor make *chevesaunce of her, because you have humbled her. If a man have two wives, one loved and another hated, and they have borne him children, both the loved and also the hated. If the firstborn be the son of the hated: then when he deals his goods among his children, he may not make the son of the beloved firstborn before the son of the hated which is indeed the firstborn: But he shall know the son of the hated for his firstborn, that he give him double of all that he has. For he is the first of his strength, and to him belongs the right of the firstbornship. *chevisance: may be from chivied, seek means to secure gradually, harass, vex with pettiness./ to make merchandise of *whither=what ever place, result, or condition.
If any man have a son that is stubborn, and disobedient, that he will not hearken unto the voice of his father and voice of his mother, and they have taught him nurture, but he would not hearken unto them: Then let his father and his mother take him and bring him out unto the elders of that city and unto the gate of that same place, and say unto the elders of the city. This our son is stubborn and disobedient and will not hearken unto our voice, he is a rioter and a drunkard. Then let all the men of that city stone him with stones unto death. And so you shall put evil away from you, and all Israel shall hear and fear. If a man have committed a trespass worthy of death and is put to death for it and hanged on tree: let not his body remain all night upon the tree, but bury him the same day. For the curse of God is on him that is hanged. Defile not your land therefore, which the Lord your God gives you to inherit.
The 22nd Chapter
If you see your brothers ox or sheep go astray, you shall not withdraw yourself from them: But shall bring them home again unto your brother. If your brother be not near unto you or if you know him not, then bring them unto your own house and let them be with you, until your brother ask after them, and then deliver him them again. In like manner shall you do with his ass, with his raiment and with all lost things of your brother which he has lost and you have found, and you may not withdraw yourself.
If you see that your brothers ass or ox is fallen down by the way, you shall not withdraw yourself from them: but shall help him to heave them up again.
The woman shall not wear that which pertains unto the man, neither shall a man put on womans raiment. For all that do so, are abomination unto the Lord your God.
If you chance upon a birds nest by the way, in whatsoever tree it be or on the ground, whether they be young or eggs, and the dam sitting upon the young or upon the eggs: you shall not take the mother with the young. But shall in any wise let the dam go and take the young, that you may prosper and prolong your days.
When you builded a new house, you shall make a battlement unto the roof, that you lade not blood upon your house, if any man fall thereof.
You shall not sow your vineyard with diverse seed: least you hallow the seed which you have sown with the fruit of your vineyard.
You shall not plough with an ox and an ass together. You shall not wear a garment made of wool and flax together.
You shall put ribbons upon the four quarters of your vesture wherewith you cover yourself.
If a man take a wife and when he has layen with her hate her and lay shameful things unto her charge and bring up an evil name upon her and say: I took this wife, and when I came to her, I found her not a maid: Then let the father of the damsel and the mother bring forth the tokens of the damsels virginity, unto the elders of the city, even unto the gate. And let the damsels father say unto the elders, I gave my daughter unto this man to wife and he hates her: and lo, he lays shameful things unto her charge saying, I found not your daughter a maid. And yet these are the tokens of my daughters virginity. And let them spread the vesture before the elders of the city. Then let the elders of that city take that man and chastise him and *mearce him in an hundred sickles of silver and give them unto the father of the damsel, because he has brought up an evil name upon a maid in Israel. And she shall be his wife, and he may not put her away all his days. But and if the thing be of a surety that the damsel be not found a virgin, let them bring her unto the door of her fathers house, and let the men of that city stone her with stones to death, because she has wrought folly in Israel, to play the whore in her fathers house. And so you shall put evil away from you. *mearce: may be mercy him; that is to show a finish to the matter.
If a man be found lying with a woman, that has a wedded husband, then let them die either other of them: both the man that lie with the wife and also the wife: so shall you put away evil from Israel.
If a maid be handfasted unto an husband, and then a man find her in the town and lay with her, then you shall bring them both out unto the gates of that same city and shall stone them with stones to death: The damsel because she cried not being in the city: And the man, because he has humbled his neighbors wife, and you shall put away evil from you.
But if a man find a betrothed damsel in the field and force her and lie with her: Then the man that lay with her shall die alone, and unto the damsel you shall do no harm: because there is in the damsel no cause of death. For as when a man rises against his neighbor and slays him, even so is this matter. For he found her in the fields and the betrothed damsel cried: but there was no man to secure her. If a man find a maid that is not betrothed and take her and lie with her and be found: Then the man that lay with her shall give unto the damsels father fifty sickles of silver. And she shall be his wife, because he has humbled her, and he may not put her away all his days.
No man shall take his fathers wife, nor unhele his fathers covering.
The 23rd Chapter
None that is gelded or has his privy members cut off, shall come into the congregation of the Lord. And he that is born of a common woman shall not come in the congregation of the Lord, no in the tenth generation he shall not enter into the congregation of the Lord. The Ammonites and the Moabites shall not come into the congregation of the Lord, no not in the tenth generation, no they shall never come in to the congregation of the Lord, because they met you not with bread and water in the way when you came out of Egypt, and because they hired against you Balaam the son of Beor the interpreter of Mesopotamia, to curse you. Nevertheless the Lord your God would not hearken unto Balam, but turned the curse to a blessing unto you, because the Lord your God loved you. You shall never therefore seek that which is prosperous or good for them all your days for ever. You shall not abhor an Edomite, for he is your brother: neither shall you abhor an Egyptian, because you was a stranger in his land. The children that are begotten of them shall come into the congregation of the Lord in the third generation.
When you go out with the host against your enemies, keep you from all wickedness for the Lord is among you. If there be any man that is unclean by the reason of uncleanness that chances him by night, let him go out of the host and not come in again until he have washed himself with water before the evening: and then when the *son is down, let him come into the host again. You shall have a place without the host *whither you shall resort to and you shall have a sharp point at the end of your weapon: and when you will ease yourself, dig therewith and turn and cover that which is departed from you. For the Lord your God walks in your host, to rid you and to set your enemies before you. Let your host be pure, that he see no unclean thing among you and turn from you.*son: this is exactly as it appears; *whither=what ever place, result, or condition.
You shall not deliver unto his master the servant which is escaped from his master unto you. Let him dwell with you, even among you in what place he himself likes best, in one of your cities where it is good for him, and vex him not. There shall be no whore of the daughters of Israel, nor whorekeeper of the sons of Israel. You shall neither bring the hire of an whore nor the price of a dog into the house of the Lord your God, in no manner of vow: for even both of them are abomination unto the Lord your God.
You shall be no usurer unto your brother, neither in money nor in food, nor in any manner thing that is lent upon usury. Unto a stranger you may lend upon usury, but not unto your brother, that the Lord your God may bless you in all that you set your hand to in the land *whither you go to conquer it. *whither=what ever place, result, or condition.
When you have vowed a vow unto the Lord your God, see you be not slack to pay it. For he will surely require it of you, and it shall be sin unto you. If you shall leave vowing, it shall be no sin unto you: but that which is once gone out of your lips, you must keep and do, according as you have vowed unto the Lord your God a freewill offering which you have spoken with your mouth.
When you come into your neighbors vineyard, you may eat grapes your bellyful at your own pleasure: but you shall put none in your bag.
When you go into your neighbors corn, you may pluck the ears with your hand, but you may not move a sickle unto your neighbors corn.
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