Table of Contents
The Fifth Book of Mosesalso called Deuteronomy
(after the Latin)
The 24th Chapter
When a man has taken a wife and married her, if she find no favor in his eyes, because he has spied some uncleanness in her: Then let him write her a bill of divorcement and put it in her hand and send her out of his house.
If when she is departed out of his house, she go and be another mans wife and the second husband hate her and write her a letter of divorcement and put it in her hand and send her out of his house: or if the second man die which took her to wife, her first man which sent her away may not take her again to be his wife, inasmuch as she is defiled. For that is abomination in the sight of the Lord: that you defile not the land with sin, which the Lord your God gives you to inherit.
When a man takes a new wife, he shall not go a warfare neither shall be charged with any business: but shall be free at home one year and rejoice with his wife which he has taken. No man shall take the nether or the upper millstone to pledge, for then he takes a mans life to pledge. If any man be found stealing any of his brethren the children of Israel, and makes chevesaunce of him or sells him, the thief shall die. And you shall put evil away from you. Take heed to yourself as concerning the plague of leprosy, that you observe diligently to do according to all that the priests the Levites shall teach you, as I commanded them so you shall observe to do. Remember what the Lord your God did unto Miriam by the way, after that you were come out of Egypt.
If you lend your brother any manner secure, you shall not go into his house to fetch a pledge: but shall stand without and the man to whom you lend, shall bring you the pledge out at the door. Furthermore if it be a poor body, go not to sleep with his pledge: but deliver him the pledge again by that the *son go down, and let him sleep in his own raiment and bless you. *son: this is exactly as it appears; also next PP
And it shall be righteousness unto you, before the Lord your God. You shall not defraud an hired servant that is needy and poor, whether he be of your brethren or a stranger that is in your land within your cities. Give him his hire the same day, and let not the *son go down thereon. For he is needy and therewith sustains his life, least he cry against you unto the Lord and it be sin unto you. The fathers shall not die for the children nor the children for the fathers: but every man shall die for his own sin.
Hinder not the right of the stranger nor of the fatherless, nor take widows raiment to pledge. But remember that you was a servant in Egypt, and how the Lord your God delivered you from that. Wherefore I command you to do this thing.
When you cut down your harvest in the field and have forgotten a sheaf in the field, you shall not go again and fetch it: But it shall be for the stranger, the fatherless and the widow, that the Lord your God may bless you in all the work of your hand. When you beat down your olive trees you shall not make clean riddance after you: but it shall be for the stranger, the fatherless and the widow. And when you gather your vineyard, you shall not gather clean after you: but it shall be for the stranger, the fatherless and the widow. And remember that you was a servant in the land of Egypt: wherefore I command you to do this thing.
The 25th Chapter
If there is strife between men, let them come unto the law, and let the judges justify the righteous and condemn the trespasser. And if the trespasser be worthy of stripes, then let the judge cause to take him down and to beat him before his face according to his trespass, unto a certain number. Forty stripes he shall give him and not pass: least if he should exceed and beat him above that with many stripes, your brother should appear ungoodly before your eyes.
You shall not muzzle the ox that treads out the corn.
When brethren dwell together and one of them die and have no child, the wife of the dead shall not be given out unto a stranger: but her brother in law shall go in unto her and take her to wife and marry her. And the eldest son which she bears, shall stand up in the name of his brother which is dead, that his name be not put out in Israel.
But and if the man will not take his sister in law, then let her go to the gate unto the elders and say: My brother in law refuses to stir up unto his brother a name in Israel, he will not marry me. Then let the elders of his city call unto him and commune with him. If he stand and say: I will not take her, then let his sister in law go unto him in the presence of the elders and loose his shoe off his foot and spit in his face and answer and say: So shall it be done unto that man that will not build his brothers house. And his name shall be called in Israel, the unshoed house.
If when men strive together, one with another, the wife of the one run to, for to rid her husband out of the hands of him that smites him and put forth her hand and take him by the secrets: cut off her hand, and let not your eye pity her.
You shall not have in your bag two manner weights, a great and a small: neither shall you have in your house diverse measures, a great and a small. But you shall have a perfect and a just measure: that your days may be lengthened in the land which the Lord your God gives you. For all that do such things and all that do unright, are abomination unto the Lord your God. Remember what Amalech did unto you by the way after you came out of Egypt, he met you by the way and smote the hindmost of you, all that were over labored and dragged behind, when you was fainted and weary, and he feared not God. Therefore when the Lord your God has given you rest from all your enemies round about, in the land which the Lord your God gives you to inherit and possess: see that you put out the name of Amalech from under heaven, and forget not.
The 26th Chapter
When you are come into the land which the Lord your God gives you to inherit and have enjoyed it and dwell therein: take of the first of all the fruit of the earth, which you have brought in out of the land that the Lord your God gives you and put it in a *maund and go unto the place which the Lord your God shall choose to make his name dwell there. And you shall come unto the priest that shall be in those days and say unto him: I knowledge this day unto the Lord your God, that I am come unto the country which the Lord swore unto our fathers for to give us. *maund: vessel, used later in the washing of the feet of the poor.
And the priest shall take the maund out of your hand, and set it down before the altar of the Lord your God. And you shall answer and say before the Lord your God: The Sirians would have destroyed my father, and he went down into Egypt and sojourned there with a few folk and grew there unto a nation great, mighty and full of people. And the Egyptians vexed us and troubled us, and laded us with cruel bondage. And we cried unto the Lord God of our fathers, and the Lord heard our voice and looked on our adversity, labor and oppression. And the Lord brought us out of Egypt with a mighty hand and a stretched out arm and with great terribleness and with signs and wonders. And he has brought us into this place and has given us this land that flows with milk and honey. And now lo, I have brought the first fruits of the land which the Lord has given me. And set it before the Lord your God and worship before the Lord your God and rejoice over all the good thing which the Lord your God has given unto you and unto your house, both you the Levite and the stranger that is among you.
When you have made an end of tithing all the tithes of your increase the third year, the year of tithing: and have given to the Levite, the stranger, the fatherless and the widow, and they have eaten in your gates and filled themselves. Then say before the Lord your God: I have brought you hallowed things out of mine house, and have given them unto the Levite, the stranger, the fatherless and the widow according to all the commandments which you command me: I have not overskipped your commandments, nor forgotten them. I have not eaten thereof in my mourning nor taken away thereof unto any uncleanness, nor spent thereof about any dead corpse: but have hearkened unto the voice of the Lord my God, and have done after all that he commanded me, look down from your holy habitation heaven and bless your people Israel and the land which you have given us (as you swore unto our fathers) a land that flows with milk and honey.
This day the Lord your God has commanded you to do these ordinances and laws. Keep them therefore and do them with all your heart and all your soul. You have set up the Lord this day to be your God and to walk in his ways and to keep his ordinances, his commandments and his laws, and to hearken unto his voice. And the Lord has set you up this day, to be a several people unto him (as he has promised you) and that you keep his commandments, and to make you high above all nations which he has made, in praise, in name and honor: that you may be an holy people unto the Lord your God, as he has said.
The 27th Chapter
And Moses with the elders of Israel commanded the people saying: keep all the commandments which I command you this day. And when you be come over Jordan unto the land which the Lord your God gives you, set up great stones and plaster them with plaster, and write upon them all the words of this law, when you are come over: that you may come into the land which the Lord your God gives you: a land that flows with milk and honey, as the Lord God of your fathers has promised you. When you be come over Jordan, see that you set up these stones which I command you this day in mount Ebal, and plaster them with plaster. And there build unto the Lord your God an altar of stones and see you lift up no iron upon them: But you shall make the altar of the Lord your God of rough stones and offer burntofferings thereon unto the Lord your God. And you shall offer peaceofferings and shall eat there and rejoice before the Lord your God. And you shall write upon the stones all the words of this law, manifestly and well.
And Moses with the priests the Levites spoke unto all Israel saying: take heed and hear Israel, this day you are become the people of the Lord your God. Hearken therefore unto the voice of the Lord your God and do his commandments and his ordinances which I command you this day. And Moses charged the people the same day saying. These shall stand upon mount Garizim to bless the people, when you are come over Jordan: Simeon, Levi, Juda, Isachar, Joseph and BenJamin. And these shall stand upon mount Ebal to curse: Ruben, Gad, Asser, Zabulon, Dan and Nephthali. And the Levites shall begin and say unto all the men of Israel with a loud voice. Cursed be he that makes any carved image or image of metal (an abomination unto the Lord, the work of the hands of the craftsman) and puts it in a secret place: And all the people shall answer and say Amen.
Cursed be he that curses his father or his mother, and all the people shall say Amen.
Cursed be he that removes his neighbors mark, and all the people shall say Amen.
Cursed be he that makes the blind go out of his way, and all the people shall say Amen.
Cursed be he that hinders the right of the stranger, fatherless and widow, and all the people shall say Amen.
Cursed be he that lies with his fathers wife because he has opened his fathers covering, and all the people shall say Amen.
Cursed be he that lies with any manner beast, and all the people shall say Amen.
Cursed be he that lies with his sister whether she be the daughter of his father or of his mother, and all the people shall say Amen.
Cursed be he that lies with his mother in law, and all the people shall say Amen.
Cursed be he that smites his neighbor secretly, and all the people shall say Amen.
Cursed be he that takes a reward to slay innocent blood, and all the people shall say Amen.
Cursed be he that maintains not all the words of this law to do them, and all the people shall say Amen.
The 28th Chapter
If you shall hearken diligently unto the voice of the Lord your God, to observe and to do all his commandments which I command you this day. The Lord will set you on high above all nations of the earth. And all these blessings shall come on you and over take you, if you shall hearken unto the voice of the Lord your God. Blessed shall you be in the town and blessed in the fields, blessed shall be the fruit of your body, the fruit of your ground and the fruit of your cattle, the fruit of your oxen, and your flocks of sheep, blessed shall your *aulmery be and your store. Blessed shall you be, both when you go out, and blessed when you come in. The Lord shall smite your enemies that rise against you before your face. They shall come out against you one way, and flee before you seven ways. The Lord shall command the blessing to be with you in your store houses and in all that you set your hand to, and will bless the in the land which the Lord your God gives you. *aulmery: from the root word aul comes awl, a tool used in leather work, aulmery may mean tool house.
The Lord shall make you an holy people unto himself, as he has sworn unto you: if you shall keep the commandments of the Lord your God and walk in his ways.
And all nations of the earth shall see that you are called after the name of the Lord, and they shall be afeared of you. And the Lord shall make you plenteous in goods, in the fruit of your body, in the fruit of your cattle and in the fruit of your ground, in the land which the Lord swore unto your fathers to give you.
The Lord shall open unto you his good treasure, even the heaven, to give rain unto your land in due season and to bless all the labors of your hand. And you shall lend unto many nations, but shall not need to borrow yourself. And the Lord shall set you before and not behind, and you shall be above only and not beneath: if that you hearken unto the commandments of the Lord your God which I command you this day to keep and to do them. And see that you bow not from any of these words which I command you this day either to the right hand or to the left, that you would go after strange gods to serve them.
But and if you will not hearken unto the voice of the Lord your God to keep and to do all his commandments and ordinances which I command you this day: then all these curses shall come upon you and overtake you: Cursed shall you be in the town, and cursed in the field, cursed shall your *almery be and your store. Cursed shall be the fruit of your body and the fruit of your land be and the fruit of your oxen and the flocks of your sheep. And cursed shall you be when you go in, and when you go out. And the Lord shall send upon you cursing, going to nought and complaining in all that you set your hand to, whatsoever you do: until you be destroyed and brought to nought quickly, because of the wickedness of your inventions in that you have forsaken the Lord. And the Lord shall make the pestilence cleave unto you, until he have consumed you from the land *whither you go to enjoy it. And the Lord shall smite you with swelling, with fevers, heat, burning, weathering, with smiting and blasting. And they shall follow you, until you perish. *almery=(alms,things offered) *whither=what ever place, result, or condition.
And the heaven that is over your head shall be brass, and the earth that is under you iron. And the Lord shall turn the rain of the land unto powder and dust: even from heaven they shall come down upon you, until you be brought to nought. And the Lord shall plague you before your enemies: You shall come out one way against them, and flee seven ways before them, and shall be scattered among all the kingdoms of the earth. And your carcass shall be meat unto all manner fowls of the air and unto the beasts of the earth, and no man shall fray (scare) them away.
And the Lord will smite you with the *botches of Egypt and the emerods (boils, some say hemmroids), scale and manginess, that you shall not be healed thereof. And the Lord shall smite you with madness, blindness and dazing of heart. And you shall grope at noonday as the blind gropes in darkness, and shall not come to the right way. And you shall suffer wrong only and be *polled evermore, and no man shall secure (secure) you: you shall be betrothed unto a wife, and another shall lie with her. You shall build an house and another shall dwell therein. You shall plant a vineyard, and shall not make it common. your ox shall be slain before your eyes, and you shall not eat thereof. your ass shall be violently taken away even before your face, and shall not be restored you again. your sheep shall be given unto your enemies, and no man shall help you. your sons and your daughters shall be given unto another nation, and your eyes shall see and daze upon them all day long, but shall have no might in your hand. The fruit of your land and all your labors shall a nation which you know not, eat, and you shall but suffer violence only and be oppressed always: that you shall be clean beside yourself for the sight of your eyes which you shall see. *polled: from the old tradition: the horns are removed meaning to: lose strength or of a modern definition: questioned continually. *botches: hebrew root to burn, inflamed sores...RN
The Lord shall smite you with a mischievous *botch in the knees and legs, so that you can not be healed: even from the sole of the foot unto the top of the head.
The Lord shall bring both you and your king which you have set over you, unto a nation which neither you nor your fathers have known, and there you shall serve strange Gods: even wood and stone. And you shall go to waste and be made an example and a jesting stock unto all nations *whither the Lord shall carry you. You shall carry much seed out into the field, and shall gather but little in: for the grasshoppers shall destroy it. You shall plant a vineyard and dress it, but shall neither drink of the wine neither gather of the grapes, for the worms shall eat it. You shall have olive trees in all your coasts, but shall not be anointed with the oil, for your olive trees shall be rooted out. You shall get sons and daughters, but shall not have them: for they shall be carried away captive. All your trees and fruit of your land shall be marred with blasting.*botches: hebrew root to burn, inflamed sores...RN *whither=what ever place, result, or condition.
The strangers that are among you shall climb above you up on high, and you shall come down beneath low. He shall lend you and you shall not lend him, he shall be before and you behind.
Moreover all these curses shall come upon you and shall follow you and overtake you, till you be destroyed: because you hearkened not unto the voice of the Lord your God, to keep his commandments and ordinances which he commanded you, and they shall be upon you as miracles and wonders and upon your seed for ever. And because you served not the Lord your God with joyfulness and with a good heart for the abundance of all things, therefore you shall serve your enemy which the Lord shall send upon you: in hunger and thirst, in nakedness and in need of all things: and he shall put a yoke of iron upon your neck, until he have brought you to nought.
And the Lord shall bring a nation upon you from afar, even from the end of the world, as swift as an eagle flies: a nation whose tongue you shall not understand: a hard favored nation which shall not regard the person of the old nor have compassion on the young. And he shall eat the fruit of your land and the fruit of your cattle until he have destroyed you: so that he shall leave you neither corn, wine, nor oil, neither the increase of your oxen nor the flocks of your sheep: until he have brought you to nought. And he shall keep you in all your cities, until your high and strong walls be come down wherein you trusted, through all your land. And he shall besiege you in all your cities throughout all your land which the Lord your God has given you.
And you shall eat the fruit of your own body: the flesh of your sons and of your daughters which the Lord your God has given you, in that straightness and siege wherewith your enemy shall besiege you: so that it shall grieve the man that is tender and exceeding delicate among you, to look on his brother and upon his wife that lies in his bosom and on the remnant of his children, which he has yet left, for fear of giving unto any of them of the flesh of his children, which he eats, because he has nought left him in that straightness and siege wherewith your enemy shall besiege you in all your cities.
Yea and the woman that is so tender and delicate among you that she dare not adventure to set the sole of her foot upon the ground for softness and tenderness, shall be grieved to look on the husband that lies in her bosom and on her son and on her daughter: even because of the afterbirth, that is come out from between her legs, and because of her children which she has borne, because she would eat them for need of all things secretly, in the straightness and siege wherewith your enemy shall besiege you in your cities.
If you will not be diligent to do all the words of this law that are written in this book, for to fear this glorious and fearful name of the Lord your God: the Lord will smite both you and your seed with wonderful plagues and with great plagues and of long continuance, and with evil sicknesses and of long durance. Moreover he will bring upon you all the diseases of Egypt which you was afraid of, and they shall cleave unto you. Thereto all manner sicknesses and all manner plagues which are not written in the book of this law, will the Lord bring upon you until you be come to nought. And you shall be left few in number, wheretofore you were as the stars of heaven in multitude: because you would not hearken unto the voice of the Lord your God.
And as the Lord rejoiced over you to do you good and to multiply you: even so he will rejoice over you, to destroy you and to bring you to nought. And you shall be wasted from off the land *whither you go to enjoy it. And the Lord shall scatter you among all nations from the one end of the world unto the other, and there you shall serve strange gods, which neither you nor your fathers have known: even wood and stone. *whither=what ever place, result, or condition.
And among these nations you shall be no small season, and yet shall have no rest for the sole of your foot. For the Lord shall give you there a trembling heart and dazing eyes and sorrow of mind. And your life shall hang before you, and you shall fear both day and night and shall have no trust in your life. In the morning you shall say, would God it were night. And at night you shall say, would God it were morning. For fear of your heart which you shall fear, and for the sight of your eyes which you shall see.
And the Lord shall bring you into Egypt again with ships, by the way which I bade you that you shouldst see it no more. And there you shall be sold unto your enemies, for bondmen and bondwomen: and yet no man shall buy you.
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