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            3 Kings

(also called 1st kings)


Chapter 1



King David growing old, Abisag a Sunamitess is brought to him. Adonias

pretending to reign, Nathan and Bethsabee obtain that Solomon should be

declared and anointed king.


1:1. Now king David was old, and advanced in years: and when he was

covered with clothes he was not warm.


1:2. His servants therefore, said to him: Let us seek for our Lord the

king, a young virgin, and let her stand before the king, and cherish

him, and sleep in his bosom and warm our lord the king.


1:3. So they sought a beautiful young woman, in all the coasts of

Israel and they found Abisag, a Sunamitess, and brought her to the

king.


1:4. And the damsel was exceedingly beautiful, and she slept with the

king, and served him, but the king did not know her.


1:5. And Adonias, the son of Haggith, exalted himself, saying: I will

be king. And he made himself chariots and horsemen, and fifty men to

run before him.


1:6. Neither did his father rebuke him at any time, saying: Why hast

thou done this? And he also was very beautiful, the next in birth after

Absalom.


1:7. And he conferred with Joab, the son of Sarvia, and with Abiathar,

the priest, who furthered Adonias's side.


1:8. But Sadoc, the priest, and Banaias, the son of Joiada, and Nathan,

the prophet, and Semei, and Rei, and the strength of David's army, was

not with Adonias.


1:9. And Adonias having slain rams and calves, and all fat cattle, by

the stone of Zoheleth, which was near the fountain Rogel, invited all

his brethren, the king's sons, and all the men of Juda, the king's

servants:


1:10. But Nathan, the prophet, and Banaias, and all the valiant men,

and Solomon, his brother, he invited not.


1:11. And Nathan said to Bethsabee, the mother of Solomon: Hast thou

not heard that Adonias, the son of Haggith, reigneth, and our lord

David knoweth it not?


1:12. Now then, come, take my counsel, and save thy life, and the life

of thy son Solomon.


1:13. Go, and get thee in to king David, and say to him: Didst not

thou, my lord, O king, swear to me, thy handmaid, saying: Solomon, thy

son, shall reign after me, and he shall sit on my throne? why then doth

Adonias reign?


1:14. And while thou art yet speaking there with the king, I will come

in after thee, and will fill up thy words.


1:15. So Bethsabee went in to the king into the chamber. Now the king

was very old, and Abisag, the Sunamitess, ministered to him.


1:16. Bethsabee bowed herself, and worshipped the king. And the king

said to her: What is thy will?


1:17. She answered, and said: My lord, thou didst swear to thy

handmaid, by the Lord thy God, saying: Solomon, thy son, shall reign

after me, and he shall sit on my throne.


1:18. And behold, now Adonias reigneth, and thou, my lord the king,

knowest nothing of it.


1:19. He hath killed oxen, and all fat cattle, and many rams, and

invited all the king's sons, and Abiathar, the priest, and Joab, the

general of the army: but Solomon, thy servant, he invited not.


1:20. And now, my lord, O king, the eyes of all Israel are upon thee,

that thou shouldst tell them, who shall sit on thy throne, my lord the

king, after thee.


1:21. Otherwise it shall come to pass, when my lord the king sleepeth

with his fathers, that I, and my son, Solomon, shall be accounted

offenders.


1:22. As she was yet speaking with the king, Nathan, the prophet, came.


1:23. And they told the king, saying: Nathan, the prophet, is here. And

when he was come in before the king, and had worshipped, bowing down to

the ground,


1:24. Nathan said: My lord, O king, hast thou said: Let Adonias reign

after me, and let him sit upon my throne?


1:25. Because he is gone down to day, and hath killed oxen, and

fatlings, and many rams, and invited all the king's sons, and the

captains of the army, and Abiathar the priest: and they are eating and

drinking before him, and saying: God save king Adonias:


1:26. But me, thy servant, and Sadoc, the priest, and Banaias, the son

of Joiada, and Solomon, thy servant, he hath not invited.


1:27. Is this word come out from my lord the king, and hast thou not

told me, thy servant, who should sit on the throne of my lord the king

after him?


1:28. And king David answered, and said: Call to me Bethsabee. And when

she was come in to the king, and stood before him,


1:29. The king swore, and said: As the Lord liveth, who hath delivered

my soul out of all distress,


1:30. Even as I swore to thee, by the Lord, the God of Israel, saying:

Solomon thy son, shall reign after me, and he shall sit upon my throne

in my stead, so will I do this day.


1:31. And Bethsabee, bowing with her face to the earth, worshipped the

king, saying: May my lord David live for ever.


1:32. King David also said: Call me Sadoc, the priest, and Nathan, the

prophet, and Banaias, the son of Joiada. And when they were come in

before the king,


1:33. He said to them: Take with you the servants of your lord, and set

my son Solomon upon my mule: and bring him to Gihon:


1:34. And let Sadoc, the priest, and Nathan, the prophet, anoint him

there king over Israel: and you shall sound the trumpet, and shall say:

God save king Solomon.


1:35. And you shall come up after him, and he shall come, and shall sit

upon my throne, and he shall reign in my stead: and I will appoint him

to be ruler over Israel, and over Juda.


1:36. And Banaias, the son of Joiada, answered the king, saying: Amen:

so say the Lord, the God of my lord the king.


1:37. As the Lord hath been with my lord the king, so be he with

Solomon, and make his throne higher than the throne of my lord king

David.


1:38. So Sadoc, the priest, and Nathan, the prophet, went down, and

Banaias, the son of Joiada, and the Cerethi, and Phelethi: and they set

Solomon upon the mule of king David, and brought him to Gihon.


1:39. And Sadoc, the priest, took a horn of oil out of the tabernacle,

and anointed Solomon: and they sounded the trumpet, and all the people

said: God save king Solomon.


1:40. And all the multitude went up after him, and the people played

with pipes, and rejoiced with a great joy, and the earth rang with the

noise of their cry.


1:41. And Adonias, and all that were invited by him, heard it, and now

the feast was at an end. Joab also, hearing the sound of the trumpet,

said: What meaneth this noise of the city in an uproar?


1:42. While he yet spoke, Jonathan, the son of Abiathar, the priest,

came: and Adonias said to him: Come in, because thou art a valiant man,

and bringest good news.


1:43. And Jonathan answered Adonias: Not so: for our lord, king David,

hath appointed Solomon king;


1:44. And hath sent with him Sadoc, the priest, and Nathan, the

prophet, and Banaias, the son of Joiada, and the Cerethi, and the

Phelethi, and they have set him upon the king's mule:


1:45. And Sadoc, the priest, and Nathan, the prophet, have anointed him

king, in Gihon: and they are gone up from thence rejoicing, so that the

city rang again: this is the noise that you have heard.


1:46. Moreover, Solomon sitteth upon the throne of the kingdom.


1:47. And the king's servants going in, have blessed our lord king

David, saying: May God make the name of Solomon greater than thy name,

and make his throne greater than thy throne. And the king adored in his

bed:


1:48. And he said: Blessed be the Lord, the God of Israel, who hath

given this day one to sit on my throne, my eyes seeing it.


1:49. Then all the guests of Adonias were afraid, and they all arose,

and every man went his way.


1:50. And Adonias fearing Solomon, arose and went, and took hold of the

horn of the altar.


1:51. And they told Solomon, saying: Behold Adonias fearing king

Solomon, hath taken hold of the horn of the altar, saying: Let king

Solomon swear to me this day, that he will not kill his servant with

the sword.


1:52. And Solomon said: If he be a good man, there shall not so much as

one hair of his head fall to the ground: but if evil be found in him,

he shall die.


1:53. Then king Solomon sent, and brought him out from the altar: and

going in, he worshipped king Solomon: and Solomon said to him: Go to

thy house.




3 Kings Chapter 2



David, after giving his last charge to Solomon, dieth. Adonias is put

to death: Abiathar is banished: Joab and Semei are slain.


1:1. And the days of David drew nigh that he should die, and he charged

his son Solomon, saying:


2:2. I am going the way of all flesh: take thou courage and shew

thyself a man.


2:3. And keep the charge of the Lord thy God, to walk in his ways, and

observe his ceremonies, and his precepts, and judgments, and

testimonies, as it is written in the law of Moses: that thou mayst

understand all thou dost, and whithersoever thou shalt turn thyself:


2:4. That the Lord may confirm his words, which he hath spoken of me,

saying: If thy children shall take heed to their ways, and shall walk

before me in truth, with all their heart, and with all their soul,

there shall not be taken away from thee a man on the throne of Israel.


2:5. Thou knowest also what Joab, the son of Sarvia, hath done to me,

what he did to the two captains of the army of Israel, to Abner, the

son of Ner, and to Amasa, the son of Jether: whom he slew, and shed the

blood of war in peace, and put the blood of war on his girdle that was

about his loins, and in his shoes that were on his feet.


Joab. . .These instructions given by David to his son, with relation to

Joab and Semei, proceeded not from any rancour of heart, or private

pique; but from a zeal for justice, that crimes so public and heinous

might not pass unpunished.


2:6. Do, therefore, according to thy wisdom, and let not his hoary head

go down to hell in peace.


To hell. . .This word hell doth not here signify the place or state of

damnation; but the place and state of the dead.


2:7. But shew kindness to the sons of Berzellai, the Galaadite, and let

them eat at thy table: for they met me when I fled from the face of

Absalom, thy brother.


2:8. Thou hast also with thee Semei, the son of Gera, the son of

Jemini, of Bahurim, who cursed me with a grievous curse, when I went to

the camp: but because he came down to meet me when I passed over the

Jordan, and I swore to him by the Lord, saying: I will not kill thee

with the sword:


2:9. Do not thou hold him guiltless. But thou art a wise man, and

knowest what to do with him, and thou shalt bring down his grey hairs

with blood to the grave.


2:10. So David slept with his fathers, and was buried in the city of

David.


2:11. And the days that David reigned in Israel, were forty years: in

Hebron he reigned seven years, in Jerusalem thirty-three.


2:12. And Solomon sat upon the throne of his father David, and his

kingdom was strengthened exceedingly.


2:13. And Adonias, the son of Haggith, came to Bethsabee the mother of

Solomon. And she said to him: Is thy coming peaceable? He answered:

It is peaceable.


2:14. And he added: I have a word to speak with thee. She said to him:

Speak. And he said:


2:15. Thou knowest that the kingdom was mine, and all Israel had

preferred me to be their king: but the kingdom is transferred, and is

become my brother's: for it was appointed him by the Lord.


2:16. Now therefore, I ask one petition of thee; turn not away my face.

And she said to him: Say on.


2:17. And he said I pray thee speak to king Solomon (for he cannot deny

thee any thing) to give me Abisag, the Sunamitess, to wife.


2:18. And Bethsabee said: Well, I will speak for thee to the king.


2:19. Then Bethsabee came to king Solomon, to speak to him for Adonias:

and the king arose to meet her, and bowed to her, and sat down upon his

throne: and a throne was set for the king's mother, and she sat on his

right hand.


2:20. And she said to him: I desire one small petition of thee; do not

put me to confusion. And the king said to her: My mother ask, for I

must not turn away thy face.


2:21. And she said: Let Abisag, the Sunamitess, be given to Adonias,

thy brother, to wife.


2:22. And king Solomon answered, and said to his mother: Why dost thou

ask Abisag, the Sunamitess, for Adonias? ask for him also the kingdom;

for he is my elder brother, and hath Abiathar, the priest, and Joab,

the son of Sarvia.


2:23. Then king Solomon swore by the Lord, saying: So and so may God do

to me, and add more, if Adonias hath not spoken this word against his

own life.


2:24. And now, as the Lord liveth, who hath established me, and placed

me upon the throne of David, my father, and who hath made me a house,

as he promised, Adonias shall be put to death this day.


2:25. And king Solomon sent by the hand of Banaias, the son of Joiada,

who slew him, and he died.


2:26. And the king said also to Abiathar, the priest: Go to Anathoth,

to thy lands, for indeed thou art worthy of death: but I will not at

this time put thee to death, because thou didst carry the ark of the

Lord God before David, my father, and hast endured trouble in all the

troubles my father endured.


2:27. So Solomon cast out Abiathar from being the priest of the Lord,

that the word of the Lord might be fulfilled, which he spoke concerning

the house of Heli in Silo.


2:28. And the news came to Joab, because Joab had turned after Adonias,

and had not turned after Solomon: and Joab fled into the tabernacle of

the Lord, and took hold on the horn of the altar.


2:29. And it was told king Solomon, that Joab was fled into the

tabernacle of the Lord, and was by the altar: and Solomon sent Banaias,

the son of Joiada, saying. Go, kill him.


2:30. And Banaias came to the tabernacle of the Lord, and said to him:

Thus saith the king: Come forth. And he said: I will not come forth,

but here I will die. Banaias brought word back to the king, saying:

Thus saith Joab, and thus he answered me.


2:31. And the king said to him: Do as he hath said; and kill him, and

bury him, and thou shalt remove the innocent blood which hath been shed

by Joab, from me, and from the house of my father:


2:32. And the Lord shall return his blood upon his own head; because he

murdered two men, just and better than himself: and slew them with the

sword, my father, David, not knowing it; Abner, the son of Ner, general

of the army of Israel, and Amasa, the son of Jether general of the army

of Juda;


2:33. And their blood shall return upon the head of Joab, and upon the

head of his seed for ever. But to David and his seed, and his house,

and to his throne, be peace for ever from the Lord.


2:34. So Banaias, the son of Joiada, went up, and setting upon him slew

him, and he was buried in his house in the desert.


2:35. And the king appointed Banaias, the son of Joiada in his room

over the army; and Sadoc, the priest, he put in the place of Abiathar.


2:36. The king also sent, and called for Semei, and said to him: Build

thee a house in Jerusalem, and dwell there: and go not out from thence

any where.


2:37. For on what day soever thou shalt go out, and shalt pass over the

brook Cedron, know that thou shalt be put to death: thy blood shall be

upon thy own head.


2:38. And Semei said to the king: The saying is good: as my lord the

king hath said, so will thy servant do. And Semei dwelt in Jerusalem

many days.


2:39. And it came to pass after three years, that the servants of Semei

ran away to Achis, the son of Maacha, the king of Geth: and it was told

Semei that his servants were gone to Geth.


2:40. And Semei arose, and saddled his ass, and went to Achis, to Geth,

to seek his servants, and he brought them out of Geth.


2:41. And it was told Solomon, that Semei had gone from Jerusalem to

Geth, and was come back.


2:42. And sending he called for him, and said to him: Did I not protest

to thee by the Lord, and tell thee before: On what day soever thou

shalt go out and walk abroad any where, know that thou shalt die? And

thou answeredst me: The word that I have heard is good.


2:43. Why then hast thou not kept the oath of the Lord, and the

commandment that I laid upon thee?


2:44. And the king said to Semei: Thou knowest all the evil, of which

thy heart is conscious, which thou didst to David, my father: the Lord

hath returned thy wickedness upon thy own head.


2:45. And king Solomon shall be blessed, and the throne of David shall

be established before the Lord for ever.


2:46. So the king commanded Banaias, the son of Joiada: and he went out

and struck him; and he died.




3 Kings Chapter 3



Solomon marrieth Pharao's daughter. He sacrificeth in Gabaon: in the

choice which God gave him he preferreth wisdom. His wise judgment

between the two harlots.


3:1. And the kingdom was established in the hand of Solomon, and he

made affinity with Pharao, the king of Egypt: for he took his daughter,

and brought her into the city of David: until he had made an end of

building his own house, and the house of the Lord, and the wall of

Jerusalem round about.


3:2. But yet the people sacrificed in the high places: for there was no

temple built to the name of the Lord until that day.


High places. . .That is, altars where they worshipped the Lord, but not

according to the ordinance of the law; which allowed of no other places

for sacrifice but the temple of God. Among these high places that of

Gabaon was the chiefest, because there was the tabernacle of the

testimony, which had been removed from Silo to Nobe and from Nobe to

Gabaon.


3:3. And Solomon loved the Lord, walking in the precepts of David, his

father; only he sacrificed in the high places, and burnt incense.


3:4. He went therefore to Gabaon, to sacrifice there: for that was the

great high place: a thousand victims for holocausts, did Solomon offer

upon that altar, in Gabaon.


3:5. And the Lord appeared to Solomon in a dream by night, saying: Ask

what thou wilt that I should give thee.


3:6. And Solomon said: Thou hast shewed great mercy to thy servant

David, my father, even as he walked before thee in truth, and justice,

and an upright heart with thee: and thou hast kept thy great mercy for

him, and hast given him a son to sit on his throne, as it is this day.


3:7. And now, O Lord God, thou hast made thy servant king instead of

David, my father: and I am but a child, and know not how to go out and

come in;


3:8. And thy servant is in the midst of the people which thou hast

chosen, an immense people, which cannot be numbered nor counted for

multitude.


3:9. Give therefore to thy servant an understanding heart, to judge thy

people, and discern between good and evil. For who shall be able to

judge this people, thy people, which is so numerous?


3:10. And the word was pleasing to the Lord, that Solomon had asked

such a thing.


3:11. And the Lord said to Solomon: Because thou hast asked this thing,

and hast not asked for thyself long life nor riches, nor the lives of

thy enemies, but hast asked for thyself wisdom to discern judgment;


3:12. Behold I have done for thee according to thy words, and have

given thee a wise and understanding heart, in so much that there hath

been no one like thee before thee, nor shall arise after thee.


3:13. Yea, and the things also which thou didst not ask, I have given

thee; to wit, riches and glory: so that no one hath been like thee

among the kings in all days heretofore.


3:14. And if thou wilt walk in my ways, and keep my precepts and my

commandments, as thy father walked, I will lengthen thy days.


3:15. And Solomon awaked, and perceived that it was a dream: and when

he was come to Jerusalem, he stood before the ark of the covenant of

the Lord, and offered holocausts, and sacrificed victims of peace

offerings, and made a great feast for all his servants.


3:16. Then there came two women that were harlots, to the king, and

stood before him.


3:17. And one of them said: I beseech thee, my lord, I and this woman

dwelt in one house, and I was delivered of a child with her in the

chamber.


3:18. And the third day after I was delivered, she also was delivered;

and we were together, and no other person with us in the house; only we

two.


3:19. And this woman's child died in the night: for in her sleep she

overlaid him.


3:20. And rising in the dead time of the night, she took my child from

my side, while I, thy handmaid, was asleep, and laid it in her bosom:

and laid her dead child in my bosom.


3:21. And when I arose in the morning, to give my child suck, behold it

was dead: but considering him more diligently, when it was clear day, I

found that it was not mine which I bore.


3:22. And the other woman answered: It is not so as thou sayest, but

thy child is dead, and mine is alive. On the contrary, she said; Thou

liest: for my child liveth, and thy child is dead. And in this manner

they strove before the king.


3:23. Then said the king: The one saith, My child is alive, and thy

child is dead. And the other answereth: Nay; but thy child is dead, and

mine liveth.


3:24. The king therefore said: Bring me a sword. And when they had

brought a sword before the king,


3:25. Divide, said he, the living child in two, and give half to the

one and half to the other.


3:26. But the woman, whose child was alive, said to the king; (for her

bowels were moved upon her child) I beseech thee, my lord, give her the

child alive, and do not kill it. But the other said: Let it be neither

mine nor thine; but divide it.


3:27. The king answered, and said: Give the living child to this woman,

and let it not be killed; for she is the mother thereof.


3:28. And all Israel heard the judgment which the king had judged, and

they feared the king, seeing that the wisdom of God was in him to do

judgment.




3 Kings Chapter 4



Solomon's chief officers. His riches and wisdom.


4:1. And king Solomon reigned over all Israel:


4:2. And these were the princes which he had: Azarias, the son of

Sadoc, the priest:


4:3. Elihoreph, and Ahia, the sons of Sisa, scribes: Josaphat, the son

of Ahilud, recorder:


4:4. Banaias, the son of Joiada, over the army: and Sadoc, and

Abiathar, priests.


Abiathar. . .By this it appears that Abiathar was not altogether deposed

from the high priesthood; but only banished to his country house, and

by that means excluded from the exercise of his functions.


4:5. Azarias, the son of Nathan, over them that were about the king:

Zabud, the son of Nathan, the priest, the king's friend:


4:6. And Ahisar, governor of the house: and Adoniram, the son of Abda,

over the tribute.


4:7. And Solomon had twelve governors over all Israel, who provided

victuals for the king and for his house hold: for every one provided

necessaries, each man his month in the year.


4:8. And these are their names: Benhur, in mount Ephraim.


4:9. Bendecar, in Macces, and in Salebim, and in Bethsames, and in

Elon, and in Bethanan.


4:10. Benhesed, in Aruboth: his was Socho, and all the land of Epher.


4:11. Benabinadab, to whom belonged all Nephath-Dor: he had Tapheth,

the daughter of Solomon, to wife.


4:12. Bana, the son of Ahilud, who governed Thanac, and Mageddo, and

all Bethsan, which is by Sarthana, beneath Jezrael, from Bethsan unto

Abelmehula, over against Jecmaan.


4:13. Bengaber, in Ramoth Galaad: he had the town of Jair, the son of

Manasses, in Galaad: he was chief in all the country of Argob, which is

in Basan, threescore great cities with walls, and brazen bolts.


4:14. Ahinadab, the son of Addo, was chief in Manaim.


4:15. Achimaas, in Nephthali: he also had Basemath, the daughter of

Solomon, to wife.


4:16. Baana, the son of Husi, in Aser, and in Baloth.


4:17. Josaphat, the son of Pharue, in Issachar.


4:18. Semei, the son of Ela, in Benjamin.


4:19. Gaber, the son of Uri, in the land of Galaad, in the land of

Sehon, the king of the Amorrhites, and of Og, the king of Basan, over

all that were in that land.


4:20. Juda and Israel were innumerable, as the sand of the sea in

multitude; eating and drinking, and rejoicing.


4:21. And Solomon had under him all the kingdoms, from the river to the

land of the Philistines, even to the border of Egypt: and they brought

him presents, and served him all the days of his life.


The river. . .Euphrates.


4:22. And the provision of Solomon, for each day, was thirty measures

of fine flour, and threescore measures of meal;


4:23. Ten fat oxen, and twenty out of the pastures, and a hundred rams;

besides venison of harts, roes, and buffles, and fatted fowls.


4:24. For he had all the country which was beyond the river, from

Thaphsa to Gazan, and all the kings of those countries: and he had

peace on every side round about.


4:25. And Juda, and Israel, dwelt without any fear, every one under his

vine, and under his fig tree, from Dan to Bersabee, all the days of

Solomon.


4:26. And Solomon had forty thousand stalls of chariot horses, and

twelve thousand for the saddle.


4:27. And the foresaid governors of the king fed them; and they

furnished the necessaries also for king Solomon's table, with great

care, in their time.


4:28. They brought barley also, and straw for the horses and beasts, to

the place where the king was, according as it was appointed them.


4:29. And God gave to Solomon wisdom, and understanding exceeding much,

and largeness of heart, as the sand that is on the sea shore.


4:30. And the wisdom of Solomon surpassed the wisdom of all the

Orientals, and of the Egyptians;


4:31. And he was wiser than all men: wiser than Ethan, the Ezrahite,

and Heman, and Chalcol, and Dorda, the sons of Mahol, and he was

renowned in all nations round about.


4:32. Solomon also spoke three thousand parables: and his poems were a

thousand and five.


Three thousand parables, etc. . .These works are all lost, excepting

some part of the parables extant in the book of Proverbs; and his chief

poem called the Canticle of Canticles.


4:33. And he treated about trees, from the cedar that is in Libanus,

unto the hyssop that cometh out of the wall: and he discoursed of

beasts, and of fowls, and of creeping things, and of fishes.


4:34. And they came from all nations to hear the wisdom of Solomon, and

from all the kings of the earth, who heard of his wisdom.




3 Kings Chapter 5



Hiram king of Tyre agreeth to furnish timber and workmen for building

the temple: the number of workmen and overseers.


5:1. And Hiram, king of Tyre, sent his servants to Solomon: for he

heard that they had anointed him king in the room of his father: for

Hiram had always been David's friend.


5:2. Solomon sent to Hiram, saying:


5:3. Thou knowest the will of David, my father, and that he could not

build a house to the name of the Lord his God, because of the wars that

were round about him, until the Lord put them under the soles of his

feet.


5:4. But now the Lord my God hath given me rest round about; and there

is no adversary nor evil occurrence.


5:5. Wherefore I purpose to build a temple to the name of the Lord my

God, as the Lord spoke to David my father, saying: Thy son, whom I will

set upon the throne, in thy place, he shall build a house to my name.


5:6. Give orders, therefore, that thy servants cut me down cedar trees,

out of Libanus, and let my servants be with thy servants: and I will

give thee the hire of thy servants whatsoever thou wilt ask: for thou

knowest how there is not among my people a man that has skill to hew

wood like to the Sidonians.


5:7. Now when Hiram had heard the words of Solomon, he rejoiced

exceedingly, and said: Blessed be the Lord God this day, who hath given

to David a very wise son over this numerous people.


5:8. And Hiram sent to Solomon, saying: I have heard all thou hast

desired of me; and I will do all thy desire concerning cedar trees, and

fir trees.


5:9. My servants shall bring them down from Libanus to the sea: and I

will put them together in floats, on the sea, and convey them to the

place, which thou shalt signify to me, and will land them there, and

thou shalt receive them: and thou shalt allow me necessaries to furnish

food for my household.


5:10. So Hiram gave Solomon cedar trees, and fir trees, according to

all his desire.


5:11. And Solomon allowed Hiram twenty thousand measures of wheat, for

provision for his house, and twenty measures of the purest oil: thus

gave Solomon to Hiram every year.


5:12. And the Lord gave wisdom to Solomon, as he promised him: and

there was peace between Hiram and Solomon, and they two made a league

together.


5:13. And king Solomon chose workmen out of all Israel, and the levy

was of thirty thousand men.


5:14. And he sent them to Libanus, ten thousand every month, by turns,

so that two months they were at home: and Adoniram was over this levy.


5:15. And Solomon had seventy thousand to carry burdens, and eighty

thousand to hew stones in the mountain:


5:16. Besides the overseers who were over every work, in number three

thousand and three hundred, that ruled over the people, and them that

did the work.


5:17. And the king commanded that they should bring great stones,

costly stones, for the foundation of the temple, and should square

them:


5:18. And the masons of Solomon, and the masons of Hiram, hewed them:

and the Giblians prepared timber and stones to build the house.




3 Kings Chapter 6



The building of Solomon's temple.


6:1. And it came to pass in the four hundred and eightieth year after

the children of Israel came out of the land of Egypt, in the fourth

year of the reign of Solomon over Israel, in the month Zio, (the same

is the second month) he began to build a house to the Lord.


6:2. And the house, which king Solomon built to the Lord, was

threescore cubits in length, and twenty cubits in breadth, and thirty

cubits in height.


6:3. And there was a porch before the temple, of twenty cubits in

length, according to the measure of the breadth of the temple: and it

was ten cubits in breadth, before the face of the temple.


6:4. And he made in the temple oblique windows.


6:5. And upon the wall of the temple, he built floors round about, in

the walls of the house, round about the temple and the oracle, and he

made chambers in the sides round about.


Upon the wall, i. e., joining to the wall.--Ibid. He built floors round

about. . .Chambers or cells adjoining to the temple, for the use of the

temple and of the priests, so contrived as to be between the inward and

outward wall of the temple, in three stories, one above another.--Ibid.

The oracle. . .The inner temple or holy of holies, where God gave his

oracles.


6:6. The floor that was underneath was five cubits in breadth, and the

middle floor was six cubits in breadth, and the third floor was seven

cubits in breadth. And he put beams in the house round about on the

outside, that they might not be fastened in the walls of the temple.


6:7. And the house, when it was in building, was built of stones, hewed

and made ready: so that there was neither hammer nor axe, nor any tool

of iron heard in the house when it was in building.


Made ready, etc. . .So the stones for the building of God's eternal

temple in the heavenly Jerusalem, (who are the faithful,) must first be

hewn and polished here by many trials and sufferings, before they can

be admitted to have a place in that celestial structure.


6:8. The door, for the middle side, was on the right hand of the house:

and by winding stairs they went up to the middle room, and from the

middle to the third.


6:9. So he built the house, and finished it: and he covered the house

with roofs of cedar.


6:10. And he built a floor over all the house, five cubits in height,

and he covered the house with timber of cedar.


6:11. And the word of the Lord came to Solomon,


6:12. As for this house, which thou art building, if thou wilt walk in

my statutes, and execute my judgments, and keep all my commandments,

walking in them, I will fulfil my word to thee, which I spoke to David

thy father.


6:13. And I will dwell in the midst of the children of Israel, and I

will not forsake my people Israel.


6:14. So Solomon built the house, and finished it.


6:15. And he built the walls of the house on the inside, with boards of

cedar, from the floor of the house to the top of the walls, and to the

roofs, he covered it with boards of cedar on the inside: and he covered

the floor of the house with planks of fir.


6:16. And he built up twenty cubits with boards of cedar at the hinder

part of the temple, from the floor to the top: and made the inner house

of the oracle to be the holy of holies.


6:17. And the temple itself, before the doors of the oracle, was forty

cubits long.


6:18. And all the house was covered within with cedar, having the

turnings, and the joints thereof artfully wrought, and carvings

projecting out: all was covered with boards of cedar: and no stone

could be seen in the wall at all.


6:19. And he made the oracle in the midst of the house, in the inner

part, to set there the ark of the covenant of the Lord.


6:20. Now the oracle was twenty cubits in length, and twenty cubits in

breadth, and twenty cubits in height. And he covered it, and overlaid

it with most pure gold. And the altar also he covered with cedar.


6:21. And the house before the oracle he overlaid with most pure gold,

and fastened on the plates with nails of gold.


6:22. And there was nothing in the temple that was not covered with

gold: the whole altar of the oracle he covered also with gold.


6:23. And he made in the oracle two cherubims of olive tree, of ten

cubits in height.


6:24. One wing of the cherub was five cubits, and the other wing of the

cherub was five cubits: that is, in all ten cubits, from the extremity

of one wing to the extremity of the other wing.


6:25. The second cherub also was ten cubits: and the measure, and the

work was the same in both the cherubims:


6:26. That is to say, one cherub was ten cubits high, and in like

manner the other cherub.


6:27. And he set the cherubims in the midst of the inner temple: and

the cherubims stretched forth their wings, and the wing of the one

touched one wall, and the wing of the other cherub touched the other

wall: and the other wings in the midst of the temple touched one

another.


6:28. And he overlaid the cherubims with gold.


6:29. And all the walls of the temple round about he carved with divers

figures and carvings: and he made in them cherubims and palm trees, and

divers representations, as it were standing out, and coming forth from

the wall.


6:30. And the floor of the house he also overlaid with gold within and

without.


6:31. And in the entrance of the oracle, he made little doors of olive

tree, and posts of five corners,


6:32. And two doors of olive tree: and he carved upon them figures of

cherubims, and figures of palm trees, and carvings very much

projecting; and he overlaid them with gold: and he covered both the

cherubims and the palm trees, and the other things, with gold.


6:33. And he made in the entrance of the temple posts of olive tree

foursquare:


6:34. And two doors of fir tree, one of each side: and each door was

double, and so opened with folding leaves.


6:35. And he carved cherubims, and palm trees, and carved work standing

very much out: and he overlaid all with golden plates in square work by

rule.


6:36. And he built the inner court with three rows of polished stones,

and one row of beams of cedar.


6:37. In the fourth year was the house of the Lord founded, in the

month Zio:


6:38. And in the eleventh year, in the month Bul. (which is the eighth

month) the house was finished in all the works thereof, and in all the

appurtenances thereof: and he was seven years in building it.




3 Kings Chapter 7



Solomon's palace, his house in the forest, and the queen's house: the

work of the two pillars: the sea (or laver) and other vessels.


7:1. And Solomon built his own house in thirteen years, and brought it

to perfection.


7:2. He built also the house of the forest of Libanus; the length of it

was a hundred cubits, and the breadth fifty cubits, and the height

thirty cubits: and four galleries between pillars of cedar: for he had

cut cedar trees into pillars.


7:3. And he covered the whole vault with boards of cedar, and it was

held up with five and forty pillars. And one row had fifteen pillars,


7:4. Set one against another,


7:5. And looking one upon another, with equal space between the

pillars, and over the pillars were square beams in all things equal.


7:6. And he made a porch of pillars of fifty cubits in length, and

thirty cubits in breadth: and another porch before the greater porch,

and pillars, and chapiters upon the pillars.


7:7. He made also the porch of the throne wherein is the seat of

judgment; and covered it with cedar wood from the floor to the top.


7:8. And in the midst of the porch, was a small house, where he sat in

judgment of the like work. He made also a house for the daughter of

Pharao (whom Solomon had taken to wife) of the same work, as this

porch;


7:9. All of costly stones, which were sawed by a certain rule and

measure, both within and without: from the foundation to the top of the

walls, and without, unto the great court.


7:10. And the foundations were of costly stones, great stones of ten

cubits or eight cubits.


7:11. And above there were costly stones of equal measure hewed, and in

like manner planks of cedar.


7:12. And the great court was made round with three rows of hewed

stones, and one row of planks of cedar, which also was observed in the

inner court of the house of the Lord, and in the porch of the house.


7:13. And king Solomon sent, and brought Hiram from Tyre,


7:14. The son of a widow woman, of the tribe of Nephthali, whose father

was a Tyrian, an artificer in brass, and full of wisdom, and

understanding, and skill to work all work in brass. And when he was

come to king Solomon, he wrought all his work.


7:15. And he cast two pillars in brass, each pillar was eighteen cubits

high: and a line of twelve cubits compassed both the pillars.


7:16. He made also two chapiters of molten brass, to be set upon the

tops of the pillars: the height of one chapiter was five cubits, and

the height of the other chapiter was five cubits:


7:17. And a kind of network, and chain work wreathed together with

wonderful art. Both the chapiters of the pillars were cast: seven rows

of nets were on one chapiter, and seven nets on the other chapiter.


7:18. And he made the pillars, and two rows round about each network to

cover the chapiters, that were upon the top, with pomegranates: and in

like manner did he to the other chapiter.


7:19. And the chapiters that were upon the top of the pillars, were of

lily work, in the porch of four cubits.


7:20. And again there were other chapiters on the top of the pillars

above, according to the measure of the pillar over against the network:

and of pomegranates there were two hundred, in rows round about the

other chapiter.


7:21. And he set up the two pillars in the porch of the temple: and

when he had set up the pillar on the right hand, he called the name

thereof Jachin: in like manner he set up the second pillar, and called

the name thereof Booz.


Jachin. . .That is, firmly established.--Ibid. Booz. . .That is, in its

strength. By recording these names in holy writ, the spirit of God

would have us understand the invincible firmness and strength of the

pillars on which the true temple of God, which is the church, is

established.


7:22. And upon the tops of the pillars he made lily work: so the work

of the pillars was finished.


7:23. He made also a molten sea, of ten cubits, from brim to brim,

round all about; the height of it was five cubits, and a line of thirty

cubits compassed it round about.


7:24. And a graven work, under the brim of it, compassed it for ten

cubits going about the sea: there were two rows cast of chamfered

sculptures.


7:25. And it stood upon twelve oxen, of which three looked towards the

north, and three towards the west, and three towards the south, and

three towards the east: and the sea was above upon them, and their

hinder parts were all hid within.


7:26. And the laver was a hand breadth thick: and the brim thereof was

like the brim of a cup, or the leaf of a crisped lily: it contained two

thousand bates.


Two thousand bates. . .That is, about ten thousand gallons. This was the

quantity of water which was usually put into it: but it was capable, if

brimful, of holding three thousand. See 2 Par. 4.5.


7:27. And he made ten bases of brass, every base was four cubits in

length, and four cubits in breadth, and three cubits high.


7:28. And the work itself of the bases, was intergraven: and there were

gravings between the joinings.


7:29. And between the little crowns and the ledges, were lions, and

oxen, and cherubims; and in the joinings likewise above: and under the

lions and oxen, as it were bands of brass hanging down.


7:30. And every base had four wheels, and axletrees of brass: and at

the four sides were undersetters, under the laver molten, looking one

against another.


7:31. The mouth also of the laver within, was in the top of the

chapiter: and that which appeared without, was of one cubit all round,

and together it was one cubit and a half: and in the corners of the

pillars were divers engravings: and the spaces between the pillars were

square, not round.


7:32. And the four wheels, which were at the four corners of the base,

were joined one to another under the base: the height of a wheel was a

cubit and a half.


7:33. And they were such wheels as are used to be made in a chariot:

and their axletrees, and spokes, and strakes, and naves, were all cast.


7:34. And the four undersetters, that were at every corner of each

base, were of the base itself, cast and joined together.


7:35. And on the top of the base, there was a round compass of half a

cubit, so wrought that the laver might be set thereon, having its


gravings, and divers sculptures of itself.


7:36. He engraved also in those plates, which were of brass, and in the

corners, cherubims, and lions, and palm trees, in likeness of a man

standing, so that they seemed not to be engraven, but added round

about.


7:37. After this manner, he made ten bases, of one casting and measure,

and the like graving.


7:38. He made also ten lavers of brass: one laver contained four bates,

and was of four cubits: and upon every base, in all ten, he put as many

lavers.


7:39. And he set the ten bases, five on the right side of the temple,

and five on the left: and the sea he put on the right side of the

temple, over against the east southward.


7:40. And Hiram made cauldrons, and shovels, and basins, and finished

all the work of king Solomon in the temple of the Lord.


7:41. The two pillars and the two cords of the chapiters, upon the

chapiters of the pillars: and the two networks, to cover the two cords,

that were upon the top of the pillars.


7:42. And four hundred pomegranates for the two networks: two rows of

pomegranates for each network, to cover the cords of the chapiters,

which were upon the tops of the pillars.


7:43. And the ten bases, and the ten lavers on the bases.


7:44. And one sea, and twelve oxen under the sea.


7:45. And the cauldrons, and the shovels, and the basins. All the

vessels that Hiram made for king Solomon, for the house of the Lord,

were of fine brass.


7:46. In the plains of the Jordan, did the king cast them in a clay

ground, between Socoth and Sartham.


7:47. And Solomon placed all the vessels: but for its exceeding great

multitude the brass could not be weighed.


7:48. And Solomon made all the vessels for the house of the Lord: the

altar of gold, and the table of gold, upon which the loaves of

proposition should be set:


7:49. And the golden candlesticks, five on the right hand, and five on

the left, over against the oracle, of pure gold: and the flowers like

lilies, and the lamps over them of gold: and golden snuffers,


7:50. And pots, and fleshhooks, and bowls, and mortars, and censers, of

most pure gold: and the hinges for the doors of the inner house of the

holy of holies, and for the doors of the house of the temple, were of

gold.


7:51. And Solomon finished all the work that he made in the house of

the Lord, and brought in the things that David, his father, had

dedicated, the silver and the gold, and the vessels, and laid them up

in the treasures of the house of the Lord.




3 Kings Chapter 8



The dedication of the temple: Solomon's prayer and sacrifices.


8:1. Then all the ancients of Israel, with the princes of the tribes,

and the heads of the families of the children of Israel, were assembled

to king Solomon, in Jerusalem: that they might carry the ark of the

covenant of the Lord, out of the city of David, that is, out of Sion.


8:2. And all Israel assembled themselves to king Solomon, on the

festival day, in the month of Ethanim, the same is the seventh month.


8:3. And all the ancients of Israel came, and the priests took up the

ark,


8:4. And carried the ark of the Lord, and the tabernacle of the

covenant, and all the vessels of the sanctuary, that were in the

tabernacle: and the priests and the Levites carried them.


8:5. And king Solomon, and all the multitude of Israel, that were

assembled unto him, went with him before the ark, and they sacrificed

sheep and oxen, that could not be counted or numbered.


8:6. And the priests brought in the ark of the covenant of the Lord

into its place, into the oracle of the temple, into the holy of holies,

under the wings of the cherubims.


8:7. For the cherubims spread forth their wings over the place of the

ark, and covered the ark, and the staves thereof above.


8:8. And whereas the staves stood out, the ends of them were seen

without, in the sanctuary before the oracle, but were not seen farther

out, and there they have been unto this day.


8:9. Now in the ark there was nothing else but the two tables of stone,

which Moses put there at Horeb, when the Lord made a covenant with the

children of Israel, when they came out of the land of Egypt.


Nothing else, etc. . .There was nothing else but the tables of the law

within the ark: but on the outside of the ark, or near the ark were

also the rod of Aaron, and a golden urn with manna, Heb. 9.4.


8:10. And it came to pass, when the priests were come out of the

sanctuary, that a cloud filled the house of the Lord,


8:11. And the priests could not stand to minister because of the cloud:

for the glory of the Lord had filled the house of the Lord.


8:12. Then Solomon said: The Lord said that he would dwell in a cloud.


8:13. Building, I have built a house for thy dwelling, to be thy most

firm throne for ever.


8:14. And the king turned his face, and blessed all the assembly of

Israel: for all the assembly of Israel stood.


8:15. And Solomon said: Blessed be the Lord the God of Israel, who

spoke with his mouth to David, my father, and with his own hands hath

accomplished it, saying:


8:16. Since the day that I brought my people Israel, out of Egypt, I

chose no city out of all the tribes of Israel, for a house to be built,

that my name might be there: but I chose David to be over my people

Israel.


8:17. And David, my father, would have built a house to the name of the

Lord, the God of Israel:


8:18. And the Lord said to David, my father: Whereas, thou hast thought

in thy heart to build a house to my name, thou hast done well in having

this same thing in thy mind.


8:19. Nevertheless, thou shalt not build me a house, but thy son, that

shall come forth out of thy loins, he shall build a house to my name.


8:20. The Lord hath performed his word which he spoke. And I stand in

the room of David, my father, and sit upon the throne of Israel, as the

Lord promised: and have built a house to the name of the Lord, the God

of Israel.


8:21. And I have set there a place for the ark, wherein is the covenant

of the Lord, which he made with our fathers, when they came out of the

land of Egypt.


8:22. And Solomon stood before the altar of the Lord, in the sight of

the assembly of Israel, and spread forth his hands towards heaven,


8:23. And said: Lord God of Israel, there is no God like thee, in

heaven above, or on the earth beneath: who keepest covenant and mercy

with thy servants, that have walked before thee with all their heart:


8:24. Who hast kept with thy servant David, my father, what thou hast

promised him: with thy mouth thou didst speak, and with thy hands thou

hast performed, as this day proveth.


8:25. Now, therefore, O Lord God of Israel, keep with thy servant

David, my father, what thou hast spoken to him, saying: There shall not

be taken away of thee a man in my sight, to sit on the throne of

Israel: yet so that thy children take heed to their way, that they walk

before me as thou hast walked in my sight.


8:26. And now, Lord God of Israel, let thy words be established, which

thou hast spoken to thy servant David, my father.


8:27. Is it then to be thought that God should indeed dwell upon earth?

for if heaven, and the heavens of heavens, cannot contain thee, how

much less this house which I have built?


8:28. But have regard to the prayer of thy servant, and to his

supplications, O Lord, my God: hear the hymn and the prayer, which thy

servant prayeth before thee this day:


8:29. That thy eyes may be open upon this house, night and day: upon

the house of which thou hast said: My name shall be there: that thou

mayst hearken to the prayer which thy servant prayeth, in this place to

thee:


8:30. That thou mayst hearken to the supplication of thy servant, and

of thy people Israel, whatsoever they shall pray for in this place, and

hear them in the place of thy dwelling in heaven; and when thou

hearest, shew them mercy.


8:31. If any man trespass against his neighbour, and have an oath upon

him, wherewith he is bound, and come, because of the oath, before thy

altar, to thy house,


8:32. Then hear thou in heaven: and do and judge thy servants,

condemning the wicked, and bringing his way upon his own head, and

justifying the just, and rewarding him according to his justice.


8:33. If thy people Israel shall fly before their enemies (because they

will sin against thee) and doing penance, and confessing to thy name,

shall come and pray, and make supplications to thee in this house:


8:34. Then hear thou in heaven, and forgive the sin of thy people

Israel, and bring them back to the land which thou gavest to their

fathers.


8:35. If heaven shall be shut up, and there shall be no rain, because

of their sins, and they, praying in this place, shall do penance to thy

name, and shall be converted from their sins, by occasion of their

afflictions:


8:36. Then hear thou them in heaven, and forgive the sins of thy

servants, and of thy people Israel: and shew them the good way wherein

they should walk, and give rain upon thy land, which thou hast given to

thy people in possession.


8:37. If a famine arise in the land, or a pestilence, or corrupt air,

or blasting, or locust, or mildew; if their enemy afflict them,

besieging the gates, whatsoever plague, whatsoever infirmity,


8:38. Whatsoever curse or imprecation shall happen to any man of thy

people Israel: when a man shall know the wound of his own heart, and

shall spread forth his hands in this house;


8:39. Then hear thou in heaven, in the place of thy dwelling, and

forgive, and do so as to give to every one according to his ways, as

thou shalt see his heart (for thou only knowest the heart of all the

children of men)


8:40. That they may fear thee all the days that they live upon the face

of the land, which thou hast given to our fathers.


8:41. Moreover also the stranger, who is not of thy people Israel, when

he shall come out of a far country for thy name's sake, (for they shall

hear every where of thy great name, and thy mighty hand,


8:42. And thy stretched out arm) so when he shall come, and shall pray

in this place,


8:43. Then hear thou in heaven, in the firmament of thy dwelling place,

and do all those things, for which that stranger shall call upon thee:

that all the people of the earth may learn to fear thy name, as do thy

people Israel, and may prove that thy name is called upon on this

house, which I have built.


8:44. If thy people go out to war against their enemies, by what way

soever thou shalt send them, they shall pray to thee towards the way of

the city, which thou hast chosen, and towards the house, which I have

built to thy name:


8:45. And then hear thou in heaven their prayers, and their

supplications, and do judgment for them.


8:46. But if they sin against thee, (for there is no man who sinneth

not) and thou being angry, deliver them up to their enemies, so that

they be led away captives into the land of their enemies, far or near;


8:47. Then if they do penance in their heart, in the place of

captivity, and being converted, make supplication to thee in their

captivity, saying: We have sinned, we have done unjustly, we have

committed wickedness:


8:48. And return to thee with all their heart, and all their soul, in

the land of their enemies, to which they have been led captives: and

pray to thee towards the way of their land, which thou gavest to their

fathers, and of the city which thou hast chosen, and of the temple

which I have built to thy name:


8:49. Then hear thou in heaven, in the firmament of thy throne, their

prayers, and their supplications, and do judgment for them:


8:50. And forgive thy people, that have sinned against thee, and all

their iniquities, by which they have transgressed against thee: and

give them mercy before them that have made them captives, that they may

have compassion on them.


8:51. For they are thy people, and thy inheritance, whom thou hast

brought out of the land of Egypt, from the midst of the furnace of

iron.


8:52. That thy eyes may be open to the supplication of thy servant, and

of thy people Israel, to hear them in all things for which they shall

call upon thee.


8:53. For thou hast separated them to thyself for an inheritance, from

amongst all the people of the earth, as thou hast spoken by Moses, thy

servant, when thou broughtest our fathers out of Egypt, O Lord God.


8:54. And it came to pass, when Solomon had made an end of praying all

this prayer and supplication to the Lord, that he rose from before the

altar of the Lord: for he had fixed both knees on the ground, and had

spread his hands towards heaven.


8:55. And he stood, and blessed all the assembly of Israel with a loud

voice, saying:


8:56. Blessed be the Lord, who hath given rest to his people Israel,

according to all that he promised: there hath not failed so much as one

word of all the good things that he promised by his servant Moses.


8:57. The Lord our God be with us, as he was with our fathers, and not

leave us, nor cast us off:


8:58. But may he incline our hearts to himself, that we may walk in all

his ways, and keep his commandments, and his ceremonies, and all his

judgments, which he commanded our fathers.


8:59. And let these my words, wherewith I have prayed before the Lord,

be nigh unto the Lord our God day and night, that he may do judgment

for his servant, and for his people Israel, day by day:


8:60. That all the people of the earth may know, that the Lord he is

God, and there is no other besides him.


8:61. Let our hearts also be perfect with the Lord our God, that we may

walk in his statutes, and keep his commandments, as at this day.


8:62. And the king, and all Israel with him, offered victims before the

Lord.


8:63. And Solomon slew victims of peace offerings, which he sacrificed

to the Lord, two and twenty thousand oxen, and a hundred and twenty

thousand sheep so the king, and all the children of Israel, dedicated

the temple of the Lord.


8:64. In that day the king sanctified the middle of the court, that was

before the house of the Lord for there he offered the holocaust, and

sacrifice, and the fat of the peace offerings: because the brazen altar

that was before the Lord, was too little to receive the holocaust, and

sacrifice, and the fat of the peace offerings.


8:65. And Solomon made at the same time a solemn feast, and all Israel

with him, a great multitude, from the entrance of Emath to the river of

Egypt, before the Lord our God, seven days and seven days, that is,

fourteen days.


8:66. And on the eighth day, he sent away the people: and they blessed

the king, and went to their dwellings, rejoicing, and glad in heart,

for all the good things that the Lord had done for David, his servant,

and for Israel, his people.




3 Kings Chapter 9



The Lord appeareth again to Solomon: he buildeth cities: he sendeth a

fleet to Ophir.


9:1. And it came to pass when Solomon had finished the building of the

house of the Lord, and the king's house, and all that he desired and

was pleased to do,


9:2. That the Lord appeared to him the second time, as he had appeared

to him in Gabaon.


9:3. And the Lord said to him: I have heard thy prayer and thy

supplication, which thou hast made before me: I have sanctified this

house, which thou hast built, to put my name there for ever; and my

eyes, and my heart, shall be there always.


9:4. And if thou wilt walk before me, as thy father walked, in

simplicity of heart, and in uprightness: and wilt do all that I have

commanded thee, and wilt keep my ordinances, and my judgments,


As thy father walked, in simplicity of heart. . .That is, in the

sincerity and integrity of a single heart, as opposite to all double

dealing and deceit.


9:5. I will establish the throne of thy kingdom over Israel for ever,

as I promised David, thy father, saying: There shall not fail a man of

thy race upon the throne of Israel.


9:6. But if you and your children, revolting, shall turn away from

following me, and will not keep my commandments, and my ceremonies,

which I have set before you, but will go and worship strange gods, and

adore them:


9:7. I will take away Israel from the face of the land which I have

given them; and the temple which I have sanctified to my name, I will

cast out of my sight; and Israel shall be a proverb, and a byword among

all people.


9:8. And this house shall be made an example of: every one that shall

pass by it, shall be astonished, and shall hiss, and say: Why hath the

Lord done thus to this land, and to this house?


9:9. And they shall answer: Because they forsook the Lord their God,

who brought their fathers out of the land of Egypt, and followed

strange gods, and adored them, and worshipped them: therefore hath the

Lord brought upon them all this evil.


9:10. And when twenty years were ended, after Solomon had built the two

houses; that is, the house of the Lord, and the house of the king,


9:11. (Hiram, the king of Tyre, furnishing Solomon with cedar trees,

and fir trees, and gold, according to all he had need of) then Solomon

gave Hiram twenty cities in the land of Galilee.


9:12. And Hiram came out of Tyre, to see the towns which Solomon had

given him, and they pleased him not;


9:13. And he said: Are these the cities which thou hast given me,

brother? And he called them the land of Chabul, unto this day.


Chabul. . .That is, dirty or displeasing.


9:14. And Hiram sent to king Solomon a hundred and twenty talents of

gold.


9:15. This is the sum of the expenses, which king Solomon offered to

build the house of the Lord, and his own house, and Mello, and the wall

of Jerusalem, and Heser, and Mageddo, and Gazer.


9:16. Pharao, the king of Egypt, came up and took Gazer, and burnt it

with fire: and slew the Chanaanite that dwelt in the city, and gave it

for a dowry to his daughter, Solomon's wife.


9:17. So Solomon built Gazer, and Bethhoron the nether,


9:18. And Baalath, and Palmira, in the land of the wilderness.


9:19. And all the towns that belonged to himself, and were not walled,

he fortified; the cities also of the chariots, and the cities of the

horsemen, and whatsoever he had a mind to build in Jerusalem, and in

Libanus, and in all the land of his dominion.


9:20. All the people that were left of the Amorrhites, and Hethites,

and Pherezites, and Hevites, and Jebusites, that are not of the

children of Israel:


9:21. Their children, that were left in the land; to wit, such as the

children of Israel had not been able to destroy, Solomon made tributary

unto this day.


9:22. But of the children of Israel, Solomon made not any to be

bondmen, but they were warriors, and his servants, and his princes, and

captains, and overseers of the chariots and horses.


9:23. And there were five hundred and fifty chief officers set over all

the works of Solomon, and they had people under them, and had charge

over the appointed works.


9:24. And the daughter of Pharao came up out of the city of David to

her house, which Solomon had built for her: then did he build Mello.


9:25. Solomon also offered three times every year holocausts, and

victims of peace offerings, upon the altar which he had built to the

Lord, and he burnt incense before the Lord: and the temple was

finished.


9:26. And king Solomon made a fleet in Asiongaber, which is by Ailath,

on the shore of the Red Sea, in the land of Edom.


9:27. And Hiram sent his servants in the fleet, sailors that had

knowledge of the sea, with the servants of Solomon.


9:28. And they came to Ophir; and they brought from thence to king

Solomon four hundred and twenty talents of gold.




3 Kings Chapter 10



The queen of Saba cometh to king Solomon: his riches and glory.


10:1. And the queen of Saba having heard of the fame of Solomon in the

name of the Lord, came to try him with hard questions.


10:2. And entering into Jerusalem with a great train, and riches, and

camels that carried spices, and an immense quantity of gold, and

precious stones, she came to king Solomon, and spoke to him all that

she had in her heart.


10:3. And Solomon informed her of all the things she proposed to him:

there was not any word the king was ignorant of, and which he could not

answer her.


10:4. And when the queen of Saba saw all the wisdom of Solomon, and the

house which he had built,


10:5. And the meat of his table, and the apartments of his servants,

and the order of his ministers, and their apparel, and the cupbearers,

and the holocausts, which he offered in the house of the Lord, she had

no longer any spirit in her;


10:6. And she said to the king: The report is true, which I heard in my

own country,


10:7. Concerning thy words, and concerning thy wisdom. And I did not

believe them that told me, till I came myself, and saw with my own

eyes, and have found that the half hath not been told me: thy wisdom

and thy works exceed the fame which I heard.


10:8. Blessed are thy men, and blessed are thy servants, who stand

before thee always, and hear thy wisdom.


10:9. Blessed be the Lord thy God, whom thou hast pleased, and who hath

set thee upon the throne of Israel, because the Lord hath loved Israel

for ever, and hath appointed thee king, to do judgment and justice.


10:10. And she gave the king a hundred and twenty talents of gold, and

of spices a very great store, and precious stones: there was brought no

more such abundance of spices as these which the queen of Saba gave to

king Solomon.


10:11. (The navy also of Hiram, which brought gold from Ophir, brought

from Ophir great plenty of thyine trees, and precious stones.


10:12. And the king made of the thyine trees the rails of the house of

the Lord, and of the king's house: and citterns and harps for singers:

there were no such thyine trees as these brought nor seen unto this

day.)


10:13. And king Solomon gave the queen of Saba all that she desired,

and asked of him: besides what he offered her of himself of his royal

bounty. And she returned, and went to her own country, with her

servants.


10:14. And the weight of the gold that was brought to Solomon every

year, was six hundred and sixty-six talents of gold:


10:15. Besides that which the men brought him that were over the

tributes, and the merchants, and they that sold by retail, and all the

kings of Arabia, and the governors of the country.


10:16. And Solomon made two hundred shields of the purest gold: he

allowed six hundred sicles of gold for the plates of one shield.


10:17. And three hundred targets of fine gold: three hundred pounds of

gold covered one target: and the king put them in the house of the

forest of Libanus.


10:18. King Solomon also made a great throne of ivory: and overlaid it

with the finest gold.


10:19. It had six steps: and the top of the throne was round behind:

and there were two hands on either side holding the seat: and two lions

stood, one at each hand,


10:20. And twelve little lions stood upon the six steps, on the one

side and on the other: there was no such work made in any kingdom.


10:21. Moreover, all the vessels out of which king Solomon drank, were

of gold: and all the furniture of the house of the forest of Libanus

was of most pure gold: there was no silver, nor was any account made of

it in the days of Solomon:


10:22. For the king's navy, once in three years, went with the navy of

Hiram by sea to Tharsis, and brought from thence gold, and silver, and

elephants' teeth, and apes, and peacocks.


10:23. And king Solomon exceeded all the kings of the earth in riches

and wisdom.


10:24. And all the earth desired to see Solomon's face, to hear his

wisdom, which God had given in his heart.


10:25. And every one brought him presents, vessels of silver and of

gold, garments, and armour, and spices, and horses, and mules, every

year.


10:26. And Solomon gathered together chariots and horsemen, and he had

a thousand four hundred chariots, and twelve thousand horsemen: and he

bestowed them in fenced cities, and with the king in Jerusalem.


10:27. And he made silver to be as plentiful in Jerusalem as stones:

and cedars to be as common as sycamores which grow in the plains.


10:28. And horses were brought for Solomon out of Egypt, and Coa: for

the king's merchants bought them out of Coa, and brought them at a set

price.


10:29. And a chariot of four horses came out of Egypt, for six hundred

sicles of silver, and a horse for a hundred and fifty. And after this

manner did all the kings of the Hethites, and of Syria, sell horses.




3 Kings Chapter 11



Solomon by means of his wives falleth into idolatry: God raiseth him

adversaries, Adad, Razon, and Jeroboam: Solomon dieth.


11:1. And king Solomon loved many strange women, besides the daughter

of Pharao, and women of Moab, and of Ammon, and of Edom, and of Sidon,

and of the Hethites:


11:2. Of the nations concerning which the Lord said to the children of

Israel: You shall not go in unto them, neither shall any of them come

into yours: for they will most certainly turn away your hearts to

follow their gods. And to these was Solomon joined with a most ardent

love.


11:3. And he had seven hundred wives as queens, and three hundred

concubines: and the women turned away his heart.


11:4. And when he was now old, his heart was turned away by women to

follow strange gods: and his heart was not perfect with the Lord his

God, as was the heart of David, his father.


11:5. But Solomon worshipped Astarthe, the goddess of the Sidonians,

and Moloch, the idol of the Ammonites.


11:6. And Solomon did that which was not pleasing before the Lord, and

did not fully follow the Lord, as David, his father.


11:7. Then Solomon built a temple for Chamos, the idol of Moab, on the

hill that is over against Jerusalem, and for Moloch, the idol of the

children of Ammon.


11:8. And he did in this manner for all his wives that were strangers,

who burnt incense, and offered sacrifice to their gods.


11:9. And the Lord was angry with Solomon, because his mind was turned

away from the Lord, the God of Israel, who had appeared to him twice;


11:10. And had commanded him concerning this thing, that he should not

follow strange gods: but he kept not the things which the Lord

commanded him.


11:11. The Lord therefore said to Solomon: Because thou hast done this,

and hast not kept my covenant, and my precepts, which I have commanded

thee, I will divide and rend thy kingdom, and will give it to thy

servant.


11:12. Nevertheless, in thy days I will not do it, for David thy

father's sake: but I will rend it out of the hand of thy son.


11:13. Neither will I take away the whole kingdom; but I will give one

tribe to thy son, for the sake of David, my servant, and Jerusalem,

which I have chosen.


One tribe. . .Besides that of Juda, his own native tribe.


11:14. And the Lord raised up an adversary to Solomon, Adad, the

Edomite, of the king's seed, in Edom.


11:15. For when David was in Edom, and Joab, the general of the army,

was gone up to bury them that were slain, and had killed every male in

Edom,


11:16. (For Joab remained there six months with all Israel, till he had

slain every male in Edom,)


11:17. Then Adad fled, he and certain Edomites of his father's

servants, with him, to go into Egypt: and Adad was then a little boy.


11:18. And they arose out of Madian, and came into Pharan, and they

took men with them from Pharan, and went into Egypt, to Pharao, the

king of Egypt: who gave him a house, and appointed him victuals, and

assigned him land.


11:19. And Adad found great favour before Pharao, insomuch that he gave

him to wife the own sister of his wife, Taphnes, the queen.


11:20. And the sister of Taphnes bore him his son, Genubath; and

Taphnes brought him up in the house of Pharao: and Genubath dwelt with

Pharao among his children.


11:21. And when Adad heard in Egypt that David slept with his fathers,

and that Joab, the general of the army, was dead, he said to Pharao:

Let me depart, that I may go to my own country.


11:22. And Pharao said to him: Why, what is wanting to thee with me,

that thou seekest to go to thy own country? But he answered: Nothing;

yet I beseech thee to let me go.


11:23. God also raised up against him an adversary, Razon, the son of

Eliada, who had fled from his master, Adarezer, the king of Soba.


11:24. And he gathered men against him, and he became a captain of

robbers, when David slew them of Soba: and they went to Damascus, and

dwelt there, and they made him king in Damascus.


11:25. And he was an adversary to Israel all the days of Solomon: and

this is the evil of Adad, and his hatred against Israel; and he reigned

in Syria.


11:26. Jeroboam also, the son of Nabat, an Ephrathite, of Sareda, a

servant of Solomon, whose mother was named Sarua, a widow woman, lifted

up his hand against the king.


11:27. And this is the cause of his rebellion against him; for Solomon

built Mello, and filled up the breach of the city of David, his father.


11:28. And Jeroboam was a valiant and mighty man: and Solomon seeing

him a young man ingenious and industrious, made him chief over the

tributes of all the house of Joseph.


11:29. So it came to pass at that time, that Jeroboam went out of

Jerusalem, and the prophet Ahias, the Silonite, clad with a new

garment, found him in the way: and they two were alone in the field.


11:30. And Ahias taking his new garment, wherewith he was clad, divided

it into twelve parts:


11:31. And he said to Jeroboam: Take to thee ten pieces: for thus saith

the Lord, the God of Israel: Behold, I will rend the kingdom out of the

hand of Solomon, and will give thee ten tribes.


11:32. But one tribe shall remain to him for the sake of my servant,

David, and Jerusalem, the city which I have chosen out of all the

tribes of Israel:


11:33. Because he hath forsaken me, and hath adored Astarthe, the

goddess of the Sidonians, and Chamos, the god of Moab, and Moloch, the

god of the children of Ammon: and hath not walked in my ways, to do

justice before me, and to keep my precepts, and judgments, as did

David, his father.


11:34. Yet I will not take away all the kingdom out of his hand, but I

will make him prince all the days of his life, for David my servant's

sake, whom I chose, who kept my commandments, and my precepts.


11:35. But I will take away the kingdom out of his son's hand, and will

give thee ten tribes:


11:36. And to his son I will give one tribe, that there may remain a

lamp for my servant, David, before me always in Jerusalem, the city

which I have chosen, that my name might be there.


11:37. And I will take thee, and thou shalt reign over all that thy

soul desireth, and thou shalt be king over Israel.


11:38. If then thou wilt hearken to all that I shall command thee, and

wilt walk in my ways, and do what is right before me, keeping my

commandments and my precepts, as David, my servant, did: I will be with

thee, and will build thee up a faithful house, as I built a house for

David, and I will deliver Israel to thee:


11:39. And I will for this afflict the seed of David, but yet not for

ever.


11:40. Solomon, therefore, sought to kill Jeroboam: but he arose, and

fled into Egypt, to Sesac, the king of Egypt, and was in Egypt till the

death of Solomon.


11:41. And the rest of the words of Solomon, and all that he did and

his wisdom: behold they are all written in the book of the words of the

days of Solomon.


The book of the words, etc. . .This book is lost, with divers others

mentioned in holy writ.


11:42. And the days that Solomon reigned in Jerusalem, over all Israel,

were forty years.


11:43. And Solomon slept with his fathers, and was buried in the city

of David, his father; and Roboam, his son, reigned in his stead.


Solomon slept, etc. . .That is, died. He was then about fifty-eight

years of age, having reigned forty years.




3 Kings Chapter 12



Roboam, following the counsel of young men alienateth from him the

minds of the people. They make Jeroboam king over ten tribes: he

setteth up idolatry.


12:1. And Roboam went to Sichem: for thither were all Israel come

together to make him king.


12:2. But Jeroboam, the son of Nabat, who was yet in Egypt, a fugitive

from the face of king Solomon, hearing of his death, returned out of

Egypt.


12:3. And they sent and called him: and Jeroboam came, and all the

multitude of Israel, and they spoke to Roboam, saying:


12:4. Thy father laid a grievous yoke upon us: now, therefore, do thou

take off a little of the grievous service of thy father, and of his

most heavy yoke, which he put upon us, and we will serve thee.


12:5. And he said to them: Go till the third day, and come to me again.

And when the people was gone,


12:6. King Roboam took counsel with the old men, that stood before

Solomon, his father, while he yet lived, and he said: What counsel do

you give me, that I may answer this people?


12:7. They said to him: If thou wilt yield to this people to day, and

condescend to them, and grant their petition, and wilt speak gentle

words to them, they will be thy servants always.


12:8. But he left the counsel of the old men, which they had given him,

and consulted with the young men that had been brought up with him, and

stood before him.


12:9. And he said to them: What counsel do you give me, that I may

answer this people, who have said to me: Make the yoke, which thy

father put upon us, lighter?


12:10. And the young men that had been brought up with him, said: Thus

shalt thou speak to this people, who have spoken to thee, saying: Thy

father made our yoke heavy, do thou ease us. Thou shalt say to them: My

little finger is thicker than the back of my father.


12:11. And now my father put a heavy yoke upon you, but I will add to

your yoke: my father beat you with whips, but I will beat you with

scorpions.


12:12. So Jeroboam, and all the people, came to Roboam the third day,

as the king had appointed, saying: Come to me again the third day.


12:13. And the king answered the people roughly, leaving the counsel of

the old men, which they had given him,


12:14. And he spoke to them according to the counsel of the young men,

saying: My father made your yoke heavy, but I will add to your yoke: My

father beat you with whips, but I will beat you with scorpions.


12:15. And the king condescended not to the people: for the Lord was

turned away from him, to make good his word, which he had spoken in the

hand of Ahias, the Silonite, to Jeroboam, the son of Nabat.


12:16. Then the people, seeing that the king would not hearken to them,

answered him, saying: What portion have we in David? or what

inheritance in the son of Isai? Go home to thy dwellings, O Israel:

now, David, look to thy own house. So Israel departed to their

dwellings.


12:17. But as for all the children of Israel that dwelt in the cities

of Juda, Roboam reigned over them.


12:18. Then king Roboam sent Aduram, who was over the tribute: and all

Israel stoned him, and he died. Wherefore king Roboam made haste to get

him up into his chariot, and he fled to Jerusalem:


12:19. And Israel revolted from the house of David, unto this day.


12:20. And it came to pass when all Israel heard that Jeroboam was come

again, that they gathered an assembly, and sent and called him, and

made him king over all Israel, and there was none that followed the

house of David but the tribe of Juda only.


Juda only. . .Benjamin was a small tribe, and so intermixed with the

tribe of Juda, (the very city of Jerusalem being partly in Juda, partly

in Benjamin,) that they are here counted but as one tribe.


12:21. And Roboam came to Jerusalem, and gathered together all the

house of Juda, and the tribe of Benjamin, a hundred fourscore thousand

chosen men for war, to fight against the house of Israel, and to bring

the kingdom again under Roboam, the son of Solomon.


12:22. But the word of the Lord came to Semeias, the man of God,

saying:


12:23. Speak to Roboam, the son of Solomon, the king of Juda, and to

all the house of Juda, and Benjamin, and the rest of the people,

saying:


12:24. Thus saith the Lord: You shall not go up, nor fight against your

brethren, the children of Israel: let every man return to his house,

for this thing is from me. They hearkened to the word of the Lord, and

returned from their journey, as the Lord had commanded them.


12:25. And Jeroboam built Sichem in mount Ephraim, and dwelt there, and

going out from thence, he built Phanuel.


12:26. And Jeroboam said in his heart: Now shall the kingdom return to

the house of David,


12:27. If this people go up to offer sacrifices in the house of the

Lord at Jerusalem: and the heart of this people will turn to their lord

Roboam, the king of Juda, and they will kill me, and return to him.


12:28. And finding out a device, he made two golden calves, and said to

them: Go ye up no more to Jerusalem: Behold thy gods, O Israel, who

brought thee out of the land of Egypt.


Golden calves. . .It is likely, by making his gods in this form, he

mimicked the Egyptians, among whom he had sojourned, who worshipped

their Apis and their Osiris under the form of a bullock.


12:29. And he set the one in Bethel, and the other in Dan:


Bethel and Dan. . .Bethel was a city of the tribe of Ephraim in the

southern part of the dominions of Jeroboam, about six leagues from

Jerusalem; Dan was in the extremity of his dominions to the north in

the confines of Syria.


12:30. And this thing became an occasion of sin: for the people went to

adore the calf as far as Dan.


12:31. And he made temples in the high places, and priests of the

lowest of the people, who were not of the sons of Levi.


12:32. And he appointed a feast in the eighth month, on the fifteenth

day of the month, after the manner of the feast that was celebrated in

Juda. And going up to the altar, he did in like manner in Bethel, to

sacrifice to the calves, which he had made: and he placed in Bethel

priests of the high places, which he had made.


12:33. And he went up to the altar, which he had built in Bethel, on

the fifteenth day of the eighth month, which he had devised of his own

heart: and he ordained a feast to the children of Israel, and went up

on the altar to burn incense.




3 Kings Chapter 13



A prophet sent from Juda to Bethel foretelleth the birth of Josias, and

the destruction of Jeroboam's altar. Jeroboam's hand offering violence

to the prophet withereth, but is restored by the prophet's prayer: the

same prophet is deceived by another prophet, and slain by a lion.


13:1. And behold there came a man of God out of Juda, by the word of

the Lord, to Bethel, when Jeroboam was standing upon the altar, and

burning incense.


13:2. And he cried out against the altar in the word of the Lord, and

said: O altar, altar, thus saith the Lord: Behold a child shall be born

to the house of David, Josias by name, and he shall immolate upon thee

the priests of the high places, who now burn incense upon thee, and he

shall burn men's bones upon thee.


13:3. And he gave a sign the same day, saying: This shall be the sign,

that the Lord hath spoken: Behold the altar shall be rent, and the

ashes that are upon it, shall be poured out.


13:4. And when the king had heard the word of the man of God, which he

had cried out against the altar in Bethel, he stretched forth his hand

from the altar, saying: Lay hold on him. And his hand which he

stretched forth against him, withered: and he was not able to draw it

back again to him.


13:5. The altar also was rent, and the ashes were poured out from the

altar, according to the sign which the man of God had given before in

the word of the Lord.


13:6. And the king said to the man of God: Entreat the face of the Lord

thy God, and pray for me, that my hand may be restored to me. And the

man of God besought the face of the Lord, and the king's hand was

restored to him, and it became as it was before.


13:7. And the king said to the man of God: Come home with me to dine,

and I will make thee presents.


13:8. And the man of God answered the king: If thou wouldst give me

half thy house, I will not go with thee, nor eat bread, nor drink water

in this place:


13:9. For so it was enjoined me by the word of the Lord commanding me:

Thou shalt not eat bread, nor drink water, nor return by the same way

that thou camest.


13:10. So he departed by another way, and returned not by the way that

he came into Bethel.


13:11. Now a certain old prophet dwelt in Bethel, and his sons came to

him, and told him all the works that the man of God had done that day

in Bethel: and they told their father the words which he had spoken to

the king.


13:12. And their father said to them: What way went he? His sons shewed

him the way by which the man of God went, who came out of Juda.


13:13. And he said to his sons: Saddle me the ass. And when they had

saddled it, he got up,


13:14. And went after the man of God, and found him sitting under a

turpentine tree: and he said to him: Art thou the man of God who camest

from Juda? He answered: I am.


13:15. And he said to him: Come home with me to eat bread.


13:16. But he said: I must not return, nor go with thee, neither will I

eat bread, or drink water in this place:


13:17. Because the Lord spoke to me, in the word of the Lord, saying:

Thou shalt not eat bread, and thou shalt not drink water there, nor

return by the way thou wentest.


13:18. He said to him: I also am a prophet like unto thee: and an angel

spoke to me, in the word of the Lord, saying: Bring him back with thee

into thy house, that he may eat bread, and drink water. He deceived

him,


An angel spoke to me, etc. . .This old man of Bethel was indeed a

prophet, but he sinned in thus deceiving the man of God; the more

because he pretended a revelation for what he did.


13:19. And brought him back with him: so he ate bread, and drank water

in his house.


13:20. And as they sat at table, the word of the Lord came to the

prophet that brought him back:


13:21. And he cried out to the man of God who came out of Juda, saying:

Thus saith the Lord: Because thou hast not been obedient to the Lord,

and hast not kept the commandment which the Lord thy God commanded

thee,


13:22. And hast returned, and eaten bread, and drunk water in the place

wherein he commanded thee that thou shouldst not eat bread, nor drink

water, thy dead body shall not be brought into the sepulchre of thy

fathers.


13:23. And when he had eaten and drunk, he saddled his ass for the

prophet, whom he had brought back.


13:24. And when he was gone, a lion found him in the way, and killed

him, and his body was cast in the way: and the ass stood by him, and

the lion stood by the dead body.


Killed him. . .Thus the Lord often punishes his servants here, that he

may spare them hereafter. For the generality of divines are of opinion,

that the sin of this prophet, considered with all its circumstances,

was not mortal.


13:25. And behold, men passing by, saw the dead body cast in the way,

and the lion standing by the body. And they came and told it in the

city, wherein that old prophet dwelt.


13:26. And when that prophet, who had brought him back out of the way,

heard of it, he said: It is the man of God, that was disobedient to the

mouth of the Lord, and the Lord hath delivered him to the lion, and he

hath torn him, and killed him, according to the word of the Lord, which

he spoke to him.


13:27. And he said to his sons: Saddle me an ass. And when they had

saddled it,


13:28. And he was gone, he found the dead body cast in the way, and the

ass and the lion standing by the carcass: the lion had not eaten of the

dead body, nor hurt the ass.


13:29. And the prophet took up the body of the man of God, and laid it

upon the ass, and going back brought it into the city of the old

prophet, to mourn for him.


13:30. And he laid his dead body in his own sepulchre: and they mourned

over him, saying: Alas! alas, my brother.


13:31. And when they had mourned over him, he said to his sons: When I

am dead, bury me in the sepulchre wherein the man of God is buried: lay

my bones beside his bones.


13:32. For assuredly the word shall come to pass which he hath foretold

in the word of the Lord, against the altar that is in Bethel: and

against all the temples of the high places, that are in the cities of

Samaria.


13:33. After these words, Jeroboam came not back from his wicked way:

but on the contrary, he made of the meanest of the people priests of

the high places: whosoever would, he filled his hand, and he was made a

priest of the high places.


13:34. And for this cause did the house of Jeroboam sin, and was cut

off, and destroyed from the face of the earth.




3 Kings Chapter 14



Ahias prophesieth the destruction of the family of Jeroboam. He dieth,

and is succeeded by his son Nadab. The king of Egypt taketh and

pillageth Jerusalem. Roboam dieth and his son Abiam succeedeth.


14:1. At that time Abia, the son of Jeroboam, fell sick.


14:2. And Jeroboam said to his wife: Arise, and change thy dress, that

thou be not known to be the wife of Jeroboam, and go to Silo, where

Ahias, the prophet is, who told me that I should reign over this

people.


14:3. Take also with thee ten loaves, and cracknels, and a pot of

honey, and go to him: for he will tell thee what will become of this

child.


14:4. Jeroboam's wife did as he told her: and rising up, went to Silo,

and came to the house of Ahias; but he could not see, for his eyes were

dim by reason of his age.


14:5. And the Lord said to Ahias: Behold the wife of Jeroboam cometh

in, to consult thee concerning her son, that is sick: thus and thus

shalt thou speak to her. So when she was coming in, and made as if she

were another woman,


14:6. Ahias heard the sound of her feet, coming in at the door, and

said: Come in, thou wife of Jeroboam: why dost thou feign thyself to be

another? But I am sent to thee with heavy tidings.


14:7. Go, and tell Jeroboam: Thus saith the Lord, the God of Israel:

For as much as I exalted thee from among the people, and made thee

prince over my people Israel;


14:8. And rent the kingdom away from the house of David, and gave it to

thee, and thou hast not been as my servant, David, who kept my

commandments, and followed me with all his heart, doing that which was

well pleasing in my sight:


14:9. But hast done evil above all that were before thee, and hast made

thee strange gods, and molten gods, to provoke me to anger, and hast

cast me behind thy back:


14:10. Therefore, behold I will bring evils upon the house of Jeroboam,

and will cut off from Jeroboam him that pisseth against the wall, and

him that is shut up, and the last in Israel: and I will sweep away the

remnant of the house of Jeroboam, as dung is swept away till all be

clean.


14:11. Them that shall die of Jeroboam in the city, the dogs shall eat:

and them that shall die in the field, the birds of the air shall

devour: for the Lord hath spoken it.


14:12. Arise thou, therefore, and go to thy house: and when thy feet

shall be entering into the city, the child shall die,


14:13. And all Israel shall mourn for him, and shall bury him: for he

only of Jeroboam shall be laid in a sepulchre, because in his regard

there is found a good word from the Lord, the God of Israel, in the

house of Jeroboam.


14:14. And the Lord hath appointed himself a king over Israel, who

shall cut off the house of Jeroboam in this day, and in this time:


14:15. And the Lord God shall strike Israel as a reed is shaken in the

water: and he shall root up Israel out of this good land, which he gave

to their fathers, and shall scatter them beyond the river: because they

have made to themselves groves, to provoke the Lord.


14:16. And the Lord shall give up Israel for the sins of Jeroboam, who

hath sinned, and made Israel to sin.


14:17. And the wife of Jeroboam arose, and departed, and came to

Thersa: and when she was coming in to the threshold of the house, the

child died,


14:18. And they buried him. And all Israel mourned for him, according

to the word of the Lord, which he spoke by the hand of his servant

Ahias, the prophet.


14:19. And the rest of the acts of Jeroboam, how he fought, and how he

reigned, behold they are written in the book of the words of the days

of the kings of Israel.


The book of the words of the days of the kings of Israel. . .This book,

which is often mentioned in the Book of Kings, is long since lost. For

as to the books of Paralipomenon, or Chronicles, (which the Hebrews

call the words of the days,) they were certainly written after the Book

of Kings, since they frequently refer to them.


14:20. And the days that Jeroboam reigned, were two and twenty years:

and he slept with his fathers: and Nadab, his son, reigned in his

stead.


14:21. And Roboam, the son of Solomon, reigned in Juda: Roboam was one

and forty years old when he began to reign: and he reigned seventeen

years in Jerusalem, the city which the Lord chose out of all the tribes

of Israel to put his name there. And his mother's name was Naama, an

Ammonitess.


14:22. And Juda did evil in the sight of the Lord, and provoked him

above all that their fathers had done, in their sins which they

committed.


14:23. For they also built them altars, and statues, and groves, upon

every high hill, and under every green tree:


14:24. There were also the effeminate in the land, and they did

according to all the abominations of the people, whom the Lord had

destroyed before the face of the children of Israel.


The effeminate. . .Catamites, or men addicted to unnatural lust.


14:25. And in the fifth year of the reign of Roboam, Sesac, king of

Egypt, came up against Jerusalem.


14:26. And he took away the treasures of the house of the Lord, and the

king's treasures, and carried all off: as also the shields of gold

which Solomon had made:


14:27. And Roboam made shields of brass instead of them, and delivered

them into the hand of the captains of the shieldbearers, and of them

that kept watch before the gate of the king's house.


14:28. And when the king went into the house of the Lord, they whose

office it was to go before him, carried them: and afterwards they

brought them back to the armoury of the shieldbearers.


14:29. Now the rest of the acts of Roboam, and all that he did, behold

they are written in the book of the words of the days of the kings of

Juda.


14:30. And there was war between Roboam and Jeroboam always.


14:31. And Roboam slept with his fathers, and was buried with them, in

the city of David: and his mother's name was Naama, an Ammonitess: and

Abiam, his son, reigned in his stead.




3 Kings Chapter 15



The acts of Abiam and of Asa kings of Juda. And of Nadab and Baasa

kings of Israel.


15:1. Now in the eighteenth year of the reign of Jeroboam, the son of

Nabat, Abiam reigned over Juda.


15:2. He reigned three years in Jerusalem: the name of his mother was

Maacha, the daughter of Abessalom.


Maacha, etc. . .She is called elsewhere Michaia, daughter of Uriel; but

it was common in those days for the same person to have two names.


15:3. And he walked in all the sins of his father, which he had done

before him: and his heart was not perfect with the Lord his God, as was

the heart of David, his father.


15:4. But for David's sake the Lord his God gave him a lamp in

Jerusalem, to set up his son after him, and to establish Jerusalem:


15:5. Because David had done that which was right in the eyes of the

Lord, and had not turned aside from any thing that he commanded him,

all the days of his life, except the matter of Urias, the Hethite.


15:6. But there was war between Roboam and Jeroboam all the time of his

life.


15:7. And the rest of the words of Abiam, and all that he did, are they

not written in the book of the words of the days of the kings of Juda?

And there was war between Abiam and Jeroboam.


15:8. And Abiam slept with his fathers, and they buried him in the city

of David: and Asa, his son, reigned in his stead.


15:9. So in the twentieth year of Jeroboam, king of Israel, reigned

Asa, king of Juda,


15:10. And he reigned one and forty years in Jerusalem. His mother's

name was Maacha, the daughter of Abessalom.


His mother, etc. . .That is, his grandmother; unless we suppose, which

is not improbable, that the Maacha here named is different from the

Maacha mentioned, ver. 2.


15:11. And Asa did that which was right in the sight of the Lord, as

did David, his father:


15:12. And he took away the effeminate out of the land, and removed all

the filth of the idols, which his fathers had made.


15:13. Moreover, he also removed his mother, Maacha, from being the

princess in the sacrifices of Priapus, and in the grove which she had

consecrated to him: and he destroyed her den, and broke in pieces the

filthy idol, and burnt it by the torrent Cedron:


15:14. But the high places he did not take away. Nevertheless, the

heart of Asa was perfect with the Lord all his days:


The high places. . .There were excelsa or high places of two different

kinds. Some were set up, and dedicated to the worship of idols, or

strange gods; and these Asa removed, 2 Par. 14.2; others were only

altars of the true God, but were erected contrary to the law, which

allowed of no sacrifices but in the temple; and these were not removed

by Asa.--Ibid. Perfect with the Lord. . .Asa had his faults; but never

forsook the worship of the Lord.


15:15. And he brought in the things which his father had dedicated, and

he had vowed, into the house of the Lord, silver and gold, and vessels.


15:16. And there was war between Asa, and Baasa, king of Israel, all

their days.


15:17. And Baasa, king of Israel, went up against Juda, and built Rama,

that no man might go out or come in of the side of Asa, king of Juda.


15:18. Then Asa took all the silver and gold that remained in the

treasures of the house of the Lord, and in the treasures of the king's

house, and delivered it into the hands of his servants: and sent them

to Benadad, son of Tabremon, the son of Hezion, king of Syria, who

dwelt in Damascus, saying:


15:19. There is a league between me and thee, and between my father and

thy father: therefore I have sent thee presents of silver and gold: and

I desire thee to come, and break thy league with Baasa, king of Israel,

that he may depart from me.


15:20. Benadad, hearkening to king Asa, sent the captains of his army

against the cities of Israel, and they smote Ahion, and Dan, and

Abeldomum Maacha, and all Cenneroth; that is all the land of Nephthali.


15:21. And when Baasa had heard this, he left off building Rama, and

returned into Thersa.


15:22. But king Asa sent word into all Juda, saying: Let no man be

excused: and they took away the stones from Rama, and the timber

thereof, wherewith Baasa had been building, and with them king Asa

built Gabaa of Benjamin, and Maspha.


15:23. But the rest of all the acts of Asa, and all his strength, and

all that he did, and the cities that he built, are they not written in

the book of the words of the days of the kings of Juda? But in the time

of his old age he was diseased in his feet.


15:24. And he slept with his fathers, and was buried with them in the

city of David, his father. And Josaphat, his son, reigned in his place.


15:25. But Nadab, the son of Jeroboam, reigned over Israel the second

year of Asa, king of Juda: and he reigned over Israel two years.


15:26. And he did evil in the sight of the Lord, and walked in the ways

of his father, and in his sins, wherewith he made Israel to sin.


15:27. And Baasa, the son of Ahias, of the house of Issachar, conspired

against him, and slew him in Gebbethon, which is a city of the

Philistines: for Nadab and all Israel besieged Gebbethon.


15:28. So Baasa slew him in the third year of Asa, king of Juda, and

reigned in his place.


15:29. And when he was king, he cut off all the house of Jeroboam: he

left not so much as one soul of his seed, till he had utterly destroyed

him, according to the word of the Lord, which he had spoken in the hand

of Ahias, the Silonite:


15:30. Because of the sin of Jeroboam, which he had sinned, and

wherewith he had made Israel to sin, and for the offence wherewith he

provoked the Lord, the God of Israel.


15:31. But the rest of the acts of Nadab, and all that he did, are they

not written in the book of the words of the days of the kings of

Israel?


15:32. And there was war between Asa and Baasa, the king of Israel, all

their days.


15:33. In the third year of Asa, king of Juda, Baasa, the son of Ahias,

reigned over all Israel, in Thersa, four and twenty years.


15:34. And he did evil before the Lord, and walked in the ways of

Jeroboam, and in his sins, wherewith he made Israel to sin.




3 Kings Chapter 16



Jehu prophesieth against Baasa: his son Ela is slain and all his family

destroyed by Zambri. Of the reign of Amri father of Achab.


16:1. Then the word of the Lord came to Jehu, the son of Hanani,

against Baasa, saying:


16:2. For as much as I have exalted thee out of the dust and made thee

prince over my people Israel, and thou hast walked in the way of

Jeroboam, and hast made my people Israel to sin, to provoke me to anger

with their sins:


16:3. Behold I will cut down the posterity of Baasa, and the posterity

of his house, and I will make thy house as the house of Jeroboam, the

son of Nabat.


16:4. Him that dieth of Baasa, in the city, the dogs shall eat: and him

that dieth of his in the country, the fowls of the air shall devour.


16:5. But the rest of the acts of Baasa, and all that he did, and his

battles, are they not written in the book of the words of the days of

the kings of Israel?


16:6. So Baasa slept with his fathers, and was buried in Thersa: and

Ela, his son, reigned in his stead.


16:7. And when the word of the Lord came in the hand of Jehu, the son

of Hanani, the prophet, against Baasa, and against his house, and

against all the evil that he had done before the Lord, to provoke him

to anger by the works of his hands, to become as the house of Jeroboam:

for this cause he slew him; that is to say, Jehu, the son of Hanani,

the prophet.


16:8. In the six and twentieth year of Asa, king of Juda, Ela, the son

of Baasa, reigned over Israel, in Thersa, two years.


16:9. And his servant Zambri, who was captain of half the horsemen,

rebelled against him: now Ela was drinking in Thersa, and drunk in the

house of Arsa, the governor of Thersa.


16:10. And Zambri rushing in, struck him, and slew him, in the seven

and twentieth year of Asa, king of Juda and he reigned in his stead.


16:11. And when he was king, and sat upon his throne, he slew all the

house of Baasa, and he left not one thereof to piss against a wall and

all his kinsfolks and friends.


16:12. And Zambri destroyed all the house of Baasa, according to the

word of the Lord, that he had spoken to Baasa, in the hand of Jehu, the

prophet,


16:13. For all the sins of Baasa, and the sins of Ela, his son, who

sinned, and made Israel to sin, provoking the Lord, the God of Israel,

with their vanities.


16:14. But the rest of the acts of Ela, and all that he did, are they

not written in the book of the words of the days of the kings of

Israel?


16:15. In the seven and twentieth year of Asa, king of Juda, Zambri

reigned seven days in Thersa: now the army was besieging Gebbethon, a

city of the Philistines.


16:16. And when they heard that Zambri had rebelled, and slain the

king, all Israel made Amri their king, who was general over Israel in

the camp that day.


16:17. And Amri went up, and all Israel with him, from Gebbethon, and

they besieged Thersa.


16:18. And Zambri, seeing that the city was about to be taken, went

into the palace, and burnt himself with the king's house: and he died


16:19. In his sins, which he had sinned, doing evil before the Lord,

and walking in the way of Jeroboam, and in his sin, wherewith he made

Israel to sin.


16:20. But the rest of the acts of Zambri, and of his conspiracy and

tyranny, are they not written in the book of the words of the days of

the kings of Israel?


16:21. Then were the people of Israel divided into two parts: one half

of the people followed Thebni, the son of Gineth, to make him king: and

one half followed Amri.


16:22. But the people that were with Amri, prevailed over the people

that followed Thebni, the son of Gineth: and Thebni died, and Amri

reigned.


16:23. In the one and thirtieth year of Asa, king of Juda, Amri reigned

over Israel twelve years: in Thersa he reigned six years.


In the one and thirtieth year, etc. . .Amri began to reign in the seven

and twentieth year of Asa; but had not quiet possession of the kingdom

till the death of his competitor Thebni, which was in the one and

thirtieth year of Asa's reign.


16:24. And he bought the hill of Samaria of Semer, for two talents of

silver: and he built upon it, and he called the city which he built

Samaria, after the name of Semer, the owner of the hill.


16:25. And Amri did evil in the sight of the Lord, and acted wickedly

above all that were before him.


16:26. And he walked in all the way of Jeroboam, the son of Nabat, and

in his sins, wherewith he made Israel to sin: to provoke the Lord, the

God of Israel, to anger with their vanities.


With their vanities. . .That is, their idols their golden calves, vain,

false, deceitful things.


16:27. Now the rest of the acts of Amri, and the battles he fought, are

they not written in the book of the words of the days of the kings of

Israel?


16:28. And Amri slept with his fathers, and was buried in Samaria, and

Achab, his son, reigned in his stead.


16:29. Now Achab, the son of Amri, reigned over Israel in the eight and

thirtieth year of Asa, king of Juda. And Achab, the son of Amri,

reigned over Israel in Samaria two and twenty years.


16:30. And Achab, the son of Amri, did evil in the sight of the Lord

above all that were before him.


16:31. Nor was it enough for him to walk in the sins of Jeroboam, the

son of Nabat: but he also took to wife Jezabel, daughter of Ethbaal,

king of the Sidonians. And he went, and served Baal, and adored him.


16:32. And he set up an altar for Baal, in the temple of Baal, which he

had built in Samaria;


16:33. And he planted a grove: and Achab did more to provoke the Lord,

the God of Israel, than all the kings of Israel that were before him.


16:34. In his days Hiel, of Bethel, built Jericho: in Abiram, his

firstborn, he laid its foundations: and in his youngest son, Segub, he

set up the gates thereof: according to the word of the Lord, which he

spoke in the hand of Josue, the son of Nun.




3 Kings Chapter 17



Elias shutteth up the heaven from raining. He is fed by ravens, and

afterwards by a widow of Sarephta. He raiseth the window's son to life.


17:1. And Elias the Thesbite, of the inhabitants of Galaad, said to

Achab: As the Lord liveth, the God of Israel, in whose sight I stand,

there shall not be dew nor rain these years, but according to the words

of my mouth.


17:2. And the word of the Lord came to him, saying:


17:3. Get thee hence, and go towards the east, and hide thyself by the

torrent of Carith, which is over against the Jordan;


17:4. And there thou shalt drink of the torrent: and I have commanded

the ravens to feed thee there.


17:5. So he went, and did according to the word of the Lord: and going,

he dwelt by the torrent Carith, which is over against the Jordan.


17:6. And the ravens brought him bread and flesh in the morning, and

bread and flesh in the evening; and he drank of the torrent.


17:7. But after some time the torrent was dried up: for it had not

rained upon the earth.


17:8. Then the word of the Lord came to him, saying:


17:9. Arise, and go to Sarephta of the Sidonians, and dwell there: for

I have commanded a widow woman there to feed thee.


Sarephta of the Sidonians. . .That is, a city of the Sidonians.


17:10. He arose, and went to Sarephta. And when he was come to the gate

of the city, he saw the widow woman gathering sticks, and he called

her, and said to her: Give me a little water in a vessel, that I may

drink.


17:11. And when she was going to fetch it, he called after her, saying:

Bring me also, I beseech thee, a morsel of bread in thy hand.


17:12. And she answered: As the Lord thy God liveth, I have no bread,

but only a handful of meal in a pot, and a little oil in a cruise:

behold I am gathering two sticks, that I may go in and dress it, for me

and my son, that we may eat it and die.


17:13. And Elias said to her: Fear not; but go, and do as thou hast

said but first make for me of the same meal a little hearth cake, and

bring it to me, and after make for thyself and thy son.


17:14. For thus saith the Lord, the God of Israel: The pot of meal

shall not waste, nor the cruise of oil be diminished, until the day

wherein the Lord will give rain upon the face of the earth.


17:15. She went, and did according to the word of Elias: and he ate,

and she, and her house: and from that day


17:16. The pot of meal wasted not, and the cruise of oil was not

diminished according to the word of the Lord, which he spoke in the

hand of Elias.


17:17. And it came to pass after this, that the son of the woman, the

mistress of the house, fell sick, and the sickness was very grievous,

so that there was no breath left in him.


17:18. And she said to Elias: What have I to do with thee, thou man of

God? art thou come to me, that my iniquities should be remembered, and

that thou shouldst kill my son?


17:11. And Elias said to her: Give me thy son. And he took him out of

her bosom, and carried him into the upper chamber where he abode, and

laid him upon his own bed.


17:20. And he cried to the Lord, and said: O Lord, my God, hast thou

afflicted also the widow, with whom I am after a sort maintained, so as

to kill her son?


17:21. And he stretched, and measured himself upon the child three

times, and cried to the Lord, and said: O Lord, my God, let the soul of

this child, I beseech thee, return into his body.


17:22. And the Lord heard the voice of Elias: and the soul of the child

returned into him, and he revived.


17:23. And Elias took the child, and brought him down from the upper

chamber to the house below, and delivered him to his mother, and said

to her: Behold thy son liveth.


17:24. And the woman said to Elias: Now by this I know that thou art a

man of God, and the word of the Lord in thy mouth is true.




3 Kings Chapter 18



Elias cometh before Achab. He convinceth the false prophets by bringing

fire from heaven: he obtaineth rain by his prayer.


18:1. After many days, the word of the Lord came to Elias, in the third

year, saying: Go, and shew thyself to Achab, that I may give rain upon

the face of the earth.


18:2. And Elias went to shew himself to Achab, and there was a grievous

famine in Samaria.


18:3. And Achab called Abdias the governor of his house: now Abdias

feared the Lord very much.


18:4. For when Jezabel killed the prophets of the Lord, he took a

hundred prophets, and hid them by fifty and fifty in caves, and fed

them with bread and water.


18:5. And Achab said to Abdias: Go into the land unto all fountains of

waters, and into all valleys, to see if we can find grass, and save the

horses and mules, that the beasts may not utterly perish.


18:6. And they divided the countries between them, that they might go

round about them: Achab went one way, and Abdias another way by

himself.


18:7. And as Abdias was in the way, Elias met him: and he knew him, and

fell on his face, and said: Art thou my lord Elias?


18:8. And he answered: I am. Go, and tell thy master: Elias is here.


18:9. And he said: What have I sinned, that thou wouldst deliver me,

thy servant, into the hand of Achab, that he should kill me?


18:10. As the Lord thy God liveth, there is no nation or kingdom,

whither my lord hath not sent to seek thee: and when all answered: He

is not here: he took an oath of every kingdom and nation, because thou

wast not found.


18:11. And now thou sayest to me: Go and tell thy master: Elias is

here.


18:12. And when I am gone from thee, the Spirit of the Lord will carry

thee into a place that I know not: and I shall go in and tell Achab;

and he, not finding thee, will kill me: but thy servant feareth the

Lord from his infancy.


18:13. Hath it not been told thee, my lord, what I did when Jezabel

killed the prophets of the Lord; how I hid a hundred men of the

prophets of the Lord, by fifty and fifty in caves, and fed them with

bread and water?


18:14. And now thou sayest: Go and tell thy master: Elias is here:

that he may kill me.


18:15. And Elias said: As the Lord of hosts liveth, before whose face I

stand, this day I will shew myself unto him.


18:16. Abdias therefore went to meet Achab, and told him: and Achab

came to meet Elias.


18:17. And when he had seen him, he said: Art thou he that troublest

Israel?


18:18. And he said: I have not troubled Israel, but thou and thy

father's house, who have forsaken the commandments of the Lord, and

have followed Baalim.


18:19. Nevertheless send now, and gather unto me all Israel, unto Mount

Carmel, and the prophets of Baal four hundred and fifty, and the

prophets of the groves four hundred, who eat at Jezabel's table.


18:20. Achab sent to all the children of Israel, and gathered together

the prophets unto mount Carmel.


18:21. And Elias coming to all the people, said: How long do you halt

between two sides? If the Lord be God, follow him: but if Baal, then

follow him. And the people did not answer him a word.


18:22. And Elias said again to the people: I only remain a prophet of

the Lord: but the prophets of Baal are four hundred and fifty men.


18:23. Let two bullocks be given us, and let them choose one bullock

for themselves, and cut it in pieces, and lay it upon wood, but put no

fire under: and I will dress the other bullock, and lay it on wood, and

put no fire under it.


18:24. Call ye on the names of your gods, and I will call on the name

of my Lord: and the God that shall answer by fire, let him be God. And

all the people answering, said: A very good proposal.


18:25. Then Elias said to the prophets of Baal: Choose you one bullock

and dress it first, because you are many: and call on the names of your

gods; but put no fire under.


18:26. And they took the bullock, which he gave them, and dressed it:

and they called on the name of Baal from morning even until noon,

saying: O Baal, hear us. But there was no voice, nor any that answered:

and they leaped over the altar that they had made.


18:27. And when it was now noon, Elias jested at them, saying: Cry with

a louder voice: for he is a god; and perhaps he is talking, or is in an

inn, or on a journey; or perhaps he is asleep, and must be awaked.


18:28. So they cried with a loud voice, and cut themselves after their

manner with knives and lancets, till they were all covered with blood.


18:29. And after midday was past, and while they were prophesying, the

time was come of offering sacrifice, and there was no voice heard, nor

did any one answer, nor regard them as they prayed.


18:30. Elias said to all the people: Come ye unto me. And the people

coming near unto him, he repaired the altar of the Lord, that was

broken down:


18:31. And he took twelve stones, according to the number of the tribes

of the sons of Jacob to whom the word of the Lord came, saying: Israel

shall be thy name.


18:32. And he built with the stones an altar to the name of the Lord:

and he made a trench for water, of the breadth of two furrows, round

about the altar.


18:33. And he laid the wood in order, and cut the bullock in pieces,

and laid it upon the wood.


18:34. And he said: Fill four buckets with water, and pour it upon the

burnt offering, and upon the wood. And again he said: Do the same the

second time. And when they had done it the second time, he said: Do the

same also the third time. And they did so the third time.


18:35. And the water run round about the altar, and the trench was

filled with water.


18:36. And when it was now time to offer the holocaust, Elias, the

prophet, came near and said: O Lord God of Abraham, and Isaac, and

Israel, shew this day that thou art the God of Israel, and I thy

servant, and that according to thy commandment I have done all these

things.


18:37. Dear me, O Lord, hear me: that this people may learn that thou

art the Lord God, and that thou hast turned their heart again.


18:38. Then the fire of the Lord fell, and consumed the holocaust, and

the wood, and the stones, and the dust, and licked up the water that

was in the trench.


18:39. And when all the people saw this, they fell on their faces, and

they said: The Lord, he is God; the Lord, he is God.


18:40. And Elias said to them: Take the prophets of Baal, and let not

one of them escape. And when they had taken them, Elias brought them

down to the torrent Cison, and killed them there.


18:41. And Elias said to Achab: Go up, eat and drink: for there is a

sound of abundance of rain.


18:42. Achab went up to eat and drink: and Elias went up to the top of

Carmel, and casting himself down upon the earth, put his face between

his knees,


18:43. And he said to his servant: Go up, and look towards the sea. And

he went up, and looked, and said: There is nothing. And again he said

to him: Return seven times.


18:44. And at the seventh time: Behold a little cloud arose out of the

sea like a man's foot. And he said: Go up, and say to Achab: Prepare

thy chariot, and go down, lest the rain prevent thee.


18:45. And while he turned himself this way and that way, behold the

heavens grew dark, with clouds and wind, and there fell a great rain.

And Achab getting up, went away to Jezrahel:


18:46. And the hand of the Lord was upon Elias, and he girded up his

loins, and ran before Achab, till he came to Jezrahel.




3 Kings Chapter 19



Elias, fleeing from Jezabel, is fed by an angel in the desert; and by

the strength of that food walketh forty days, till he cometh to Horeb,

where he hath a vision of God.


19:1. And Achab told Jezabel all that Elias had done, and how he had

slain all the prophets with the sword.


19:2. And Jezabel sent a messenger to Elias, saying: Such and such

things may the gods do to me, and add still more, if by this hour to

morrow I make not thy life as the life of one of them.


19:3. Then EIias was afraid, and rising up, he went whithersoever he

had a mind: and he came to Bersabee of Juda, and left his servant

there,


19:4. And he went forward, one day's journey into the desert. And when

he was there, and sat under a juniper tree, he requested for his soul

that he might die, and said: It is enough for me, Lord; take away my

soul: for I am no better than my fathers.


That he might die. . .Elias requested to die, not out of impatience or

pusillanimity, but out of zeal against sin; and that he might no longer

be witness of the miseries of his people; and the war they were waging

against God and his servants. See ver. 10.


19:5. And he cast himself down, and slept in the shadow of the juniper

tree: and behold an angel of the Lord touched him, and said to him:

Arise and eat.


19:6. He looked, and behold there was at his head a hearth cake, and a

vessel of water: and he ate and drank, and he fell asleep again.


19:7. And the angel of the Lord came again the second time, and touched

him, and said to him: Arise, eat: for thou hast yet a great way to go.


19:8. And he arose, and ate and drank, and walked in the strength of

that food forty days and forty nights, unto the mount of God, Horeb.


In the strength of that food, etc. . .This bread, with which Elias was

fed in the wilderness, was a figure of the bread of life which we

receive in the blessed sacrament; by the strength of which we are to be

supported in our journey through the wilderness of this world till we

come to the true mountain of God, and his vision in a happy eternity.


19:9. And when he was come thither, he abode in a cave. and behold the

word of the Lord came unto him, and he said to him: What dost thou

here, Elias?


19:10. And he answered: With zeal have I been zealous for the Lord God

of hosts: for the children of Israel have forsaken thy covenant: they

have thrown down thy altars, they have slain thy prophets with the

sword, and I alone am left, and they seek my life to take it away.


I alone am left. . .Viz., of the prophets in the kingdom of Israel, or

of the ten tribes; for in the kingdom of Juda religion was at that time

in a very flourishing condition under the kings Asa and Josaphat. And

even in Israel there remained several prophets, though not then known

to Elias. See chap. 20.13, 28, 35.


19:11. And he said to him: Go forth, and stand upon the mount before

the Lord: and behold the Lord passeth, and a great and strong wind

before the Lord, overthrowing the mountains, and breaking the rocks in

pieces: but the Lord is not in the wind. And after the wind, an

earthquake: but the Lord is not in the earthquake.


19:12. And after the earthquake, a fire: but the Lord is not in the

fire. And after the fire, a whistling of a gentle air.


19:13. And when Elias heard it, he covered his face with his mantle,

and coming forth, stood in the entering in of the cave, and behold a

voice unto him, saying: What dost thou here, Elias? And he answered:


19:14. With zeal have I been zealous for the Lord God of hosts: because

the children of Israel have forsaken thy covenant: they have destroyed

thy altars, they have slain thy prophets with the sword; and I alone am

left, and they seek my life to take it away.


19:15. And the Lord said to him: Go, and return on thy way, through the

desert, to Damascus: and when thou art come thither, thou shalt anoint

Hazael to be king over Syria;


19:16. And thou shalt anoint Jehu, the son of Namsi, to be king over

Israel: and Eliseus, the son of Saphat, of Abelmeula, thou shalt anoint

to be prophet in thy room.


19:17. And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall escape the sword

of Hazael, shall be slain by Jehu: and whosoever shall escape the sword

of Jehu, shall be slain by Eliseus.


Shall be slain by Eliseus. . .Eliseus did not kill any of the idolaters

with the material sword: but he is here joined with Hazael and Jehu,

the great instruments of God in punishing the idolatry of Israel,

because he foretold to the former his exaltation to the kingdom of

Syria, and the vengeance he would execute against Israel, and anointed

the latter by one of his disciples to be king of Israel, with

commission to extirpate the house of Achab.


19:18. And I will leave me seven thousand men in Israel, whose knees

have not been bowed before Baal, and every mouth that hath not

worshipped him, kissing the hands.


19:19. And Elias departing from thence, found Eliseus, the son of

Saphat, ploughing with twelve yoke of oxen: and he was one of them that

were ploughing with, twelve yoke of oxen: and when Elias came up to

him, he cast his mantle upon him.


19:20. And he forthwith left the oxen, and run after Elias, and said:

Let me, I pray thee, kiss my father and my mother, and then I will

follow thee. And he said to him: Go, and return back: for that which

was my part, I have done to thee.


19:21. And returning back from him, he took a yoke of oxen, and killed

them, and boiled the flesh with the plough of the oxen, and gave to the

people, and they ate: and rising up, he went away, and followed Elias,

and ministered to him.




3 Kings Chapter 20



The Syrians besiege Samaria: they are twice defeated by Achab: who is

reprehended by a prophet for letting Benadad go.


20:1. And Benadad, king of Syria, gathered together all his host, and

there were two and thirty kings with him, and horses, and chariots: and

going up, he fought against Samaria, and besieged it.


20:2. And sending messengers to Achab, king of Israel, into the city,


20:3. He said: Thus saith Benadad: Thy silver and thy gold is mine:

and thy wives and thy goodliest children are mine.


20:4. And the king of Israel answered: According to thy word, my lord,

O king, I am thine, and all that I have.


20:5. And the messengers came again, and said: Thus saith Benadad, who

sent us unto thee: Thy silver and thy gold, and thy wives and thy

children, thou shalt deliver up to me.


20:6. To morrow, therefore, at this same hour, I will send my servants

to thee, and they shall search thy house, and the houses of thy

servants: and all that pleaseth them, they shall put in their hands,

and take away.


20:7. And the king of Israel called all the ancients of the land, and

said: Mark, and see that he layeth snares for us. For he sent to me for

my wives, and for my children, and for my silver and gold: and I said

not nay.


20:8. And all the ancients, and all the people said to him: Hearken not

to him, nor consent to him.


20:9. Wherefore he answered the messengers of Benadad: Tell my lord,

the king: All that thou didst send for to me, thy servant at first, I

will do: but this thing I cannot do.


20:10. And the messengers returning brought him word. And he sent

again, and said: Such and such things may the gods do to me, and more

may they add, if the dust of Samaria shall suffice for handfuls for all

the people that follow me.


20:11. And the king of Israel answering, said: Tell him: Let not the

girded boast himself as the ungirded.


Let not the girded, etc. . .Let him not boast before the victory: it

will then be time to glory when he putteth off his armour, having

overcome his adversary.


20:12. And it came to pass, when Benadad heard this word, that he and

the kings were drinking in pavilions, and he said to his servants:

Beset the city. And they beset it.


20:13. And behold a prophet coming to Achab, king of Israel, said to

him: Thus saith the Lord: Hast thou seen all this exceeding great

multitude? behold I will deliver them into thy hand this day: that thou

mayst know that I am the Lord.


20:14. And Achab said: By whom? And he said to him: Thus saith the

Lord: By the servants of the princes of the provinces. And he said:

Who shall begin to fight? And he said: Thou.


20:15. So he mustered the servants of the princes of the provinces, and

he found the number of two hundred and thirty-two: and he mustered

after them the people, all the children of Israel, seven thousand:


20:16. And they went out at noon. But Benadad was drinking himself

drunk in his pavilion, and the two and thirty kings with him, who were

come to help him.


20:17. And the servants of the princes of the provinces went out first.

And Benadad sent. And they told him, saying: There are men come out of

Samaria.


20:18. And he said: Whether they come for peace, take them alive: or

whether they come to fight, take them alive.


20:19. So the servants of the princes of the provinces went out, and

the rest of the army followed:


20:20. And every one slew the man that came against him: and the

Syrians fled, and Israel pursued after them. And Benadad, king of

Syria, fled away on horseback with his horsemen.


20:21. But the king of Israel going out overthrew the horses and

chariots, and slew the Syrians with a great slaughter.


20:22. (And a prophet coming to the king of Israel, said to him: Go,

and strengthen thyself, and know, and see what thou dost: for the next

year the king of Syria will come up against thee.)


20:23. But the servants of the king of Syria said to him: Their gods

are gods of the hills, therefore they have overcome us: but it is

better that we should fight against them in the plains, and we shall

overcome them.


20:24. Do thou, therefore, this thing: Remove all the kings from thy

army, and put captains in their stead:


20:25. And make up the number of soldiers that have been slain of

thine, and horses, according to the former horses, and chariots,

according to the chariots which thou hadst before: and we will fight

against them in the plains, and thou shalt see that we shall overcome

them. He believed their counsel, and did so.


20:26. Wherefore, at the return of the year, Benadad mustered the

Syrians, and went up to Aphec, to fight against Israel.


20:27. And the children of Israel were mustered, and taking victuals,

went out on the other side, and encamped over against them, like two

little flocks of goats: but the Syrians filled the land.


20:28. (And a man of God coming, said to the king of Israel: Thus saith

the Lord: Because the Syrians have said: The Lord is God of the hills,

but is not God of the valleys: I will deliver all this great multitude

into thy hand, and you shall know that I am the Lord.)


20:29. And both sides set their armies in array one against the other

seven days, and on the seventh day the battle was fought: and the

children of Israel slew, of the Syrians, a hundred thousand footmen in

one day.


20:30. And they that remained fled to Aphec, into the city: and the

wall fell upon seven and twenty thousand men, that were left. And

Benadad fleeing, went into the city, into a chamber that was within a

chamber.


20:31. And his servants said to him: Behold, we have heard that the

kings of the house of Israel are merciful; so let us put sackcloths on

our loins, and ropes on our heads, and go out to the king of Israel:

perhaps he will save our lives.


20:32. So they girded sackcloths on their loins, and put ropes on their

heads, and came to the king of Israel, and said to him: Thy servant,

Benadad, saith: I beseech thee let me have my life. And he said: If he

be yet alive, he is my brother.


20:33. The men took this for good luck: and in haste caught the word

out of his mouth, and said: Thy brother Benadad. And he said to them:

Go, and bring him to me. Then Benadad came out to him, and he lifted

him up into his chariot.


20:34. And he said to him: The cities which my father took from thy

father, I will restore: and do thou make thee streets in Damascus, as

my father made in Samaria and having made a league, I will depart from

thee. So he made a league with him, and let him go.


20:35. Then a certain man of the sons of the prophets, said to his

companion, in the word of the Lord: Strike me. But he would not strike.


20:36. Then he said to him: Because thou wouldst not hearken to the

word of the Lord, behold thou shalt depart from me, and a lion shall

slay thee. And when he was gone a little from him, a lion found him,

and slew him.


20:37. Then he found another man, and said to him: Strike me. And he

struck him and wounded him.


20:38. So the prophet went, and met the king in the way, and disguised

himself by sprinkling dust on his face and his eyes.


20:39. And as the king passed by, he cried to the king, and said: Thy

servant went out to fight hand to hand: and when a certain man was run

away, one brought him to me, and said: Keep this man: and if he shall

slip away, thy life shall be for his life, or thou shalt pay a talent

of silver.


20:40. And whilst I, in the hurry, turned this way and that, on a

sudden he was not to be seen. And the king of Israel said to him: This

is thy judgment, which thyself hast decreed.


20:41. But he forthwith wiped off the dust from his face, and the king

of Israel knew him, that he was one of the prophets.


20:42. And he said to him: Thus saith the Lord. Because thou hast let

go out of thy hand a man worthy of death, thy life shall be for his

life, and thy people for his people.


20:43. And the king of Israel returned to his house, slighting to hear,

and raging came into Samaria.




3 Kings Chapter 21



Naboth, for denying his vineyard to king Achab, is by Jezabel's

commandment, falsely accused and stoned to death. For which crime Elias

denounceth to Achab the judgments of God: upon his humbling himself the

sentence is mitigated.


21:1. And after these things, Naboth the Jezrahelite, who was in

Jezrahel, had at that time a vineyard, near the palace of Achab, king

of Samaria.


21:2. And Achab spoke to Naboth, saying: Give me thy vineyard, that I

may make me a garden of herbs, because it is nigh, and adjoining to my

house; and I will give thee for it a better vineyard: or if thou think

it more convenient for thee, I will give thee the worth of it in money.


21:3. Naboth answered him: The Lord be merciful to me, and not let me

give thee the inheritance of my fathers.


21:4. And Achab came into his house angry and fretting, because of the

word that Naboth, the Jezrahelite, had spoken to him, saying: I will

not give thee the inheritance of my fathers. And casting himself upon

his bed, he turned away his face to the wall, and would eat no bread.


21:5. And Jezabel, his wife, went in to him, and said to him: What is

the matter that thy soul is so grieved? and why eatest thou no bread?


21:6. And he answered her: I spoke to Naboth, the Jezrahelite, and said

to him: Give me thy vineyard, and take money for it: or if it please

thee, I will give thee a better vineyard for it. And he said: I will

not give thee my vineyard.


21:7. Then Jezabel, his wife, said to him. Thou art of great authority

indeed, and governest well the kingdom of Israel. Arise, and eat bread,

and be of good cheer; I will give thee the vineyard of Naboth, the

Jezrahelite.


21:8. So she wrote letters in Achab's name, and sealed them with his

ring, and sent them to the ancients, and the chief men that were in his

city, and that dwelt with Naboth.


21:9. And this was the tenor of the letters: Proclaim a fast, and make

Naboth sit among the chief of the people;


21:10. And suborn two men, sons of Belial, against him. and let them

bear false witness; that he hath blasphemed God and the king: and then

carry him out, and stone him, and so let him die.


21:11. And the men of his city, the ancients and nobles, that dwelt

with him in the city, did as Jezabel had commanded them, and as it was

written in the letters which she had sent to them;


21:12. They proclaimed a fast, and made Naboth sit among the chief of

the people.


21:13. And bringing two men, sons of the devil, they made them sit

against him: and they, like men of the devil, bore witness against him

before the people: saying: Naboth hath blasphemed God and the king.

Wherefore they brought him forth without the city, and stoned him to

death.


21:14. And they sent to Jezabel, saying: Naboth is stoned, and is dead.


21:15. And it came to pass, when Jezabel heard that Naboth was stoned,

and dead, that she said to Achab: Arise, and take possession of the

vineyard of Naboth, the Jezrahelite, who would not agree with thee, and

give it thee for money: for Naboth is not alive, but dead.


21:16. And when Achab heard this, to wit, that Naboth was dead, he

arose, and went down into the vineyard of Naboth, the Jezrahelite, to

take possession of it.


21:17. And the word of the Lord came to Elias, the Thesbite, saying:


21:18. Arise, and go down to meet Achab, king of Israel, who is in

Samaria: behold he is going down to the vineyard of Naboth, to take

possession of it:


21:19. And thou shalt speak to him, saying: Thus saith the Lord: Thou

hast slain: moreover also thou hast taken possession. And after these

words thou shalt add: Thus saith the Lord: In this place, wherein the

dogs have licked the blood of Naboth, they shall lick thy blood also.


21:20. And Achab said to Elias: Hast thou found me thy enemy? He said:

I have found thee because thou art sold, to do evil in the sight of the

Lord.


Sold, to do evil in the sight, etc. . .That is, so addicted to evil, as

if thou hadst sold thyself to the devil, to be his slave to work all

kinds of evil.


21:21. Behold I will bring evil upon thee, and I will cut down thy

posterity, and I will kill of Achab him that pisseth against the wall,

and him that is shut up, and the last in Israel.


21:22. And I will make thy house like the house of Jeroboam the son of

Nabat, and like the house of Baasa the son of Ahias: for what thou hast

done to provoke me to anger, and for making Israel to sin.


21:23. And of Jezabel also, the Lord spoke, saying: The dogs shall eat

Jezabel in the field of Jezrahel.


21:24. If Achab die in the city, the dogs shall eat him: but if he die

in the field, the birds of the air shall eat him.


21:25. Now, there was not such another as Achab, who was sold to do

evil in the sight of the Lord: for his wife, Jezabel, set him on,


21:26. And he became abominable, insomuch that he followed the idols

which the Amorrhites had made, whom the Lord destroyed before the face

of the children of Israel.


21:27. And when Achab had heard these words, he rent his garments, and

put haircloth upon his flesh, and fasted, and slept in sackcloth, and

walked with his head cast down.


21:28. And the word of the Lord came to Elias, the Thesbite, saying:


21:29. Hast thou not seen Achab humbled before me? therefore, because

he hath humbled himself, for my sake, I will not bring the evil in his

days, but in his son's days will I bring the evil upon his house.




3 Kings Chapter 22



Achab believing his false prophets, rather than Micheas, is slain in

Ramoth Galaad. Ochozias succeedeth him. Good king Josaphat dieth, and

his son Joram succeedeth him.


22:1. And there passed three years without war between Syria and

Israel.


22:2. And in the third year, Josaphat, king of Juda, came down to the

king of Israel.


22:3. (And the king of Israel said to his servants: Know ye not that

Ramoth Galaad is ours, and we neglect to take it out of the hand of the

king of Syria?)


22:4. And he said to Josaphat: Wilt thou come with me to battle to

Ramoth Galaad?


22:5. And Josaphat said to the king of Israel: As I am, so art thou: my

people and thy people are one: and my horsemen are thy horsemen. And

Josaphat said to the king of Israel: Inquire, I beseech thee, this day

the word of the Lord.


22:6. Then the king of Israel assembled the prophets, about four

hundred men, and he said to them: Shall I go to Ramoth Galaad to fight,

or shall I forbear? They answered: Go up, and the Lord will deliver it

into the hand of the king.


22:7. And Josaphat said: Is there not here some prophet of the Lord,

that we may inquire by him?


22:8. And the king of Israel said to Josaphat. There is one man left,

by whom we may inquire of the Lord; Micheas, the son of Jemla: but I

hate him, for he doth not prophecy good to me, but evil. And Josaphat

said: Speak not so, O king.


22:9. Then the king of Israel called an eunuch, and said to him: Make

haste, and bring hither Micheas, the son of Jemla.


22:10. And the king of Israel, and Josaphat, king of Juda, sat each on

his throne, clothed with royal robes, in a court, by the entrance of

the gate of Samaria, and all the prophets prophesied before them.


22:11. And Sedecias, the son of Chanaana, made himself horns of iron,

and said: Thus saith the Lord: With these shalt thou push Syria, till

thou destroy it.


22:12. And all the prophets prophesied in like manner, saying: Go up to

Ramoth Galaad, and prosper, for the Lord will deliver it into the

king's hands.


22:13. And the messenger that went to call Micheas, spoke to him,

saying: Behold the words of the prophets with one mouth declare good

things to the king: let thy word, therefore, be like to theirs, and

speak that which is good.


22:14. But Micheas said to him: As the Lord liveth, whatsoever the Lord

shall say to me, that will I speak.


22:15. So he came to the king, and the king said to him: Micheas, shall

we go to Ramoth Galaad to battle, or shall we forbear? He answered him:

Go up, and prosper, and the Lord shall deliver it into the king's

hands.


Go up, etc. . .This was spoken ironically, and by way of jesting at the

flattering speeches of the false prophets: and so the king understood

it, as appears by his adjuring Micheas, in the following verse, to tell

him the truth in the name of the Lord.


22:16. But the king said to him: I adjure thee again and again, that

thou tell me nothing but that which is true, in the name of the Lord.


22:17. And he said: I saw all Israel scattered upon the hills, like

sheep that have no shepherd; and the Lord said: These have no master:

let every man of them return to his house in peace.


22:18. (Then the king of Israel said to Josaphat: Did I not tell thee,

that he prophesieth no good to me, but always evil?)


22:19. And he added and said: Hear thou, therefore, the word of the

Lord: I saw the Lord sitting on his throne, and all the army of heaven

standing by him on the right hand and on the left:


22:20. And the Lord said: Who shall deceive Achab, king of Israel, that

he may go up, and fall at Ramoth Galaad? And one spoke words of this

manner, and another otherwise.


The Lord said, etc. . .God standeth not in need of any counsellor; nor

are we to suppose that things pass in heaven in the manner here

described: but this representation was made to the prophet, to be

delivered by him in a manner adapted to the common ways and notions of

men.


22:21. And there came forth a spirit, and stood before the Lord, and

said: I will deceive him. And the Lord said to him: By what means?


22:22. And he said: I will go forth, and be a lying spirit, in the

mouth of all his prophets. And the Lord said: Thou shalt deceive him,

and shalt prevail: go forth, and do so.


Go forth, and do so. . .This was not a command, but a permission: for

God never ordaineth lies; though he often permitteth the lying spirit

to deceive those who love not the truth. 2 Thess. 2.10. And in this

sense it is said in the following verse, The Lord hath given a lying

spirit in the mouth of all thy prophets.


22:23. Now, therefore, behold the Lord hath given a lying spirit in the

mouth of all thy prophets that are here, and the Lord hath spoken evil

against thee.


22:24. And Sedecias, the son of Chanaana, came, and struck Micheas on

the cheek, and said: Hath then the spirit of the Lord left me, and

spoken to thee?


22:25. And Micheas said: Thou shalt see in the day when thou shalt go

into a chamber within a chamber to hide thyself.


Go into a chamber, etc. . .This happened when he heard the king was

slain, and justly apprehended that he should be punished for his false

prophecy.


22:26. And the king of Israel said: Take Micheas and let him abide with

Amon, the governor of the city, and with Joas, the son of Amalech;


22:27. And tell them: Thus saith the king: Put this man in prison, and

feed him with bread of affliction, and water of distress till I return

in peace.


22:28. And Micheas said: If thou return in peace, the Lord hath not

spoken by me. And he said: Hear, all ye people.


22:29. So the king of Israel, and Josaphat, king of Juda, went up to

Ramoth-Galaad.


22:30. And the king of Israel said to Josaphat: Take thy armour, and go

into the battle, and put on thy own garments. But the king of Israel

changed his dress, and went into the battle.


22:31. And the king of Syria had commanded the two and thirty captains

of the chariots, saying: You shall not fight against any, small or

great, but against the king of Israel only.


22:32. So when the captains of the chariots saw Josaphat, they

suspected that he was the king of Israel, and making a violent assault,

they fought against him: and Josaphat cried out.


22:33. And the captains of the chariots perceived that he was not the

king of Israel, and they turned away from him.


22:34. And a certain man bent his bow, shooting at a venture, and

chanced to strike the king of Israel, between the lungs and the

stomach. But he said to the driver of his chariot: Turn thy hand, and

carry me out of the army, for I am grievously wounded.


22:35. And the battle was fought that day, and the king of Israel stood

in his chariot against the Syrians, and he died in the evening: and the

blood ran out of the wound into the midst of the chariot.


22:36. And the herald proclaimed through all the army, before the sun

set, saying: Let every man return to his own city, and to his own

country.


22:37. And the king died, and was carried into Samaria: and they buried

the king in Samaria.


22:38. And they washed his chariot in the pool of Samaria and the dogs

licked up his blood, and they washed the reins according to the word of

the Lord which he had spoken.


22:39. But the rest of the acts of Achab, and all that he did, and the

house of ivory that he made, and all the cities that he built, are they

not written in the book of the words of the days of the kings of

Israel?


22:40. So Achab slept with his fathers; and Ochozias, his son, reigned

in his stead.


22:41. But Josaphat, the son of Asa, began to reign over Juda, in the

fourth year of Acbab, king of Israel.


22:42. He was five and thirty years old when he began to reign, and he

reigned five and twenty years in Jerusalem: the name of his mother was

Azuba, the daughter of Salai.


22:43. And he walked in all the way of Asa, his father, and he declined

not from it: and he did that which was right in the sight of the Lord.


22:44. Nevertheless, he took not away the high places for as yet the

people offered sacrifice, and burnt incense in the high places.


He took not away, etc. . .He left some of the high places, viz., those

in which they worshipped the true God: but took away all others, 2 Par.

17.6, and note ver. 14 of chap. 15. 3 Kings.


22:45. And Josaphat had peace with the king of Israel.


22:46. But the rest of the acts of Josaphat, and his works which he

did, and his battles, are they not written in the book of the words of

the days of the kings of Juda?


22:47. And the remnant also of the effeminate, who remained in the days

of Asa, his father, he took out of the land.


22:48. And there was then no king appointed in Edom.


22:49. But king Josaphat made navies on the sea, to sail into Ophir for

gold: but they could not go, for the ships were broken in Asiongaber.


22:50. Then Ochozias, the son of Achab, said to Josaphat: Let my

servants go with thy servants in the ships. And Josaphat would not.


Would not. . .He had been reprehended before for admitting such a

partner: and therefore would have no more to do with him.


22:51. And Josaphat slept with his fathers, and was buried with them in

the city of David, his father: and Joram, his son, reigned in his

stead.


22:52. And Ochozias, the son of Achab, began to reign over Israel, in

Samaria, in the seventeenth year of Josaphat, king of Juda, and he

reigned over Israel two years.


22:53. And he did evil in the sight of the Lord, and walked in the way

of his father and his mother, and in the way of Jeroboam, the son of

Nabat, who made Israel to sin.


22:54. He served also Baal, and worshipped him, and provoked the Lord,

the God of Israel, according to all that his father had done.