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Chapter 1

God createth Heaven and Earth, and all things therein, in six days.

1:1. In the beginning God created heaven, and earth.

1:2. And the earth was void and empty, and darkness was upon the face

of the deep; and the spirit of God moved over the waters.

1:3. And God said: Be light made. And light was made.

1:4. And God saw the light that it was good; and he divided the light

from the darkness.

1:5. And he called the light Day, and the darkness Night; and there was

evening and morning one day.

1:6. And God said: Let there be a firmament made amidst the waters: and

let it divide the waters from the waters.

A firmament. . .By this name is here understood the whole space between

the earth, and the highest stars. The lower part of which divideth the

waters that are upon the earth, from those that are above in the


1:7. And God made a firmament, and divided the waters that were under

the firmament, from those that were above the firmament, and it was so.

1:8. And God called the firmament, Heaven; and the evening and morning

were the second day.

1:9. God also said; Let the waters that are under the heaven, be

gathered together into one place: and let the dry land appear. And it

was so done.

1:10. And God called the dry land, Earth; and the gathering together of

the waters, he called Seas. And God saw that it was good.

1:11. And he said: let the earth bring forth green herb, and such as

may seed, and the fruit tree yielding fruit after its kind, which may

have seed in itself upon the earth. And it was so done.

1:12. And the earth brought forth the green herb, and such as yieldeth

seed according to its kind, and the tree that beareth fruit, having

seed each one according to its kind. And God saw that it was good.

1:13. And the evening and the morning were the third day.

1:14. And God said: Let there be lights made in the firmament of

heaven, to divide the day and the night, and let them be for signs, and

for seasons, and for days and years:

1:15. To shine in the firmament of heaven, and to give light upon the

earth, and it was so done.

1:16. And God made two great lights: a greater light to rule the day;

and a lesser light to rule the night: and the stars.

Two great lights. . .God created on the first day, light, which being

moved from east to west, by its rising and setting, made morning and

evening. But on the fourth day he ordered and distributed this light,

and made the sun, moon, and stars. The moon, though much less than the

stars, is here called a great light, from its giving a far greater

light to the earth than any of them.

1:17. And he set them in the firmament of heaven to shine upon the


1:18. And to rule the day and the night, and to divide the light and

the darkness. And God saw that it was good.

1:19. And the evening and morning were the fourth day.

1:20. God also said: let the waters bring forth the creeping creature

having life, and the fowl that may fly over the earth under the

firmament of heaven.

1:21. And God created the great whales, and every living and moving

creature, which the waters brought forth, according to their kinds, and

every winged fowl according to its kind. And God saw that it was good.

1:22. And he blessed them, saying: Increase and multiply, and fill the

waters of the sea: and let the birds be multiplied upon the earth.

1:23. And the evening and morning were the fifth day.

1:24. And God said: Let the earth bring forth the living creature in

its kind, cattle and creeping things, and beasts of the earth,

according to their kinds. And it was so done.

1:25. And God made the beasts of the earth according to their kinds,

and cattle, and every thing that creepeth on the earth after its kind.

And God saw that it was good.

1:26. And he said: Let us make man to our image and likeness: and let

him have dominion over the fishes of the sea, and the fowls of the air,

and the beasts, and the whole earth, and every creeping creature that

moveth upon the earth.

Let us make man to our image. . .This image of God in man, is not in the

body, but in the soul; which is a spiritual substance, endued with

understanding and free will. God speaketh here in the plural number, to

insinuate the plurality of persons in the Deity.

1:27. And God created man to his own image: to the image of God he

created him: male and female he created them.

1:28. And God blessed them, saying: Increase and multiply, and fill the

earth, and subdue it, and rule over the fishes of the sea, and the

fowls of the air, and all living creatures that move upon the earth.

Increase and multiply. . .This is not a precept, as some Protestant

controvertists would have it, but a blessing, rendering them fruitful;

for God had said the same words to the fishes, and birds, (ver. 22) who

were incapable of receiving a precept.

1:29. And God said: Behold I have given you every herb bearing seed

upon the earth, and all trees that have in themselves seed of their own

kind, to be your meat:

1:30. And to all beasts of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and

to all that move upon the earth, and wherein there is life, that they

may have to feed upon. And it was so done.

1:31. And God saw all the things that he had made, and they were very

good. And the evening and morning were the sixth day.

Genesis Chapter 2

God resteth on the seventh day and blesseth it. The earthly paradise,

in which God placeth man. He commandeth him not to eat of the tree of

knowledge. And formeth a woman of his rib.

2:1. So the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the furniture

of them.

2:2. And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made: and

he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had done.

He rested, etc. . .That is, he ceased to make or create any new kinds of

things. Though, as our Lord tells us, John 5.17, "He still worketh",

viz., by conserving and governing all things, and creating souls.

2:3. And he blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because in it

he had rested from all his work which God created and made.

2:4. These are the generations of the heaven and the earth, when they

were created, in the day that the Lord God made the heaven and the


2:5. And every plant of the field before it sprung up in the earth, and

every herb of the ground before it grew: for the Lord God had not

rained upon the earth; and there was not a man to till the earth.

2:6. But a spring rose out of the earth, watering all the surface of

the earth.

2:7. And the Lord God formed man of the slime of the earth: and

breathed into his face the breath of life, and man became a living


2:8. And the Lord God had planted a paradise of pleasure from the

beginning: wherein he placed man whom he had formed.

2:9. And the Lord God brought forth of the ground all manner of trees,

fair to behold, and pleasant to eat of: the tree of life also in the

midst of paradise: and the tree of knowledge of good and evil.

The tree of life. . .So called because it had that quality, that by

eating of the fruit of it, man would have been preserved in a constant

state of health, vigour, and strength, and would not have died at all.

The tree of knowledge. . .To which the deceitful serpent falsely

attributed the power of imparting a superior kind of knowledge, beyond

that which God was pleased to give.

2:10. And a river went out of the place of pleasure to water paradise,

which from thence is divided into four heads.

2:11. The name of the one is Phison: that is it which compasseth all

the land of Hevilath, where gold groweth.

2:12. And the gold of that land is very good: there is found bdellium,

and the onyx stone.

2:13. And the name of the second river is Gehon: the same is it that

compasseth all the land of Ethiopia.

2:14. And the name of the third river is Tigris: the same passeth along

by the Assyrians. And the fourth river is Euphrates.

2:15. And the Lord God took man, and put him into the paradise of

pleasure, to dress it, and to keep it.

2:16. And he commanded him, saying: Of every tree of paradise thou

shalt eat:

2:17. But of the tree of knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not

eat. For in what day soever thou shalt eat of it, thou shalt die the


2:18. And the Lord God said: It is not good for man to be alone: let us

make him a help like unto himself.

2:19. And the Lord God having formed out of the ground all the beasts

of the earth, and all the fowls of the air, brought them to Adam to see

what he would call them: for whatsoever Adam called any living creature

the same is its name.

2:20. And Adam called all the beasts by their names, and all the fowls

of the air, and all the cattle of the field: but for Adam there was not

found a helper like himself.

2:21. Then the Lord God cast a deep sleep upon Adam: and when he was

fast asleep, he took one of his ribs, and filled up flesh for it.

2:22. And the Lord God built the rib which he took from Adam into a

woman: and brought her to Adam.

2:23. And Adam said: This now is bone of my bones, and flesh of my

flesh; she shall be called woman, because she was taken out of man.

2:24. Wherefore a man shall leave father and mother, and shall cleave

to his wife: and they shall be two in one flesh.

2:25. And they were both naked: to wit, Adam and his wife: and were not


Genesis Chapter 3

The serpent's craft. The fall of our first parents. Their punishment.

The promise of a Redeemer.

3:1. Now the serpent was more subtle than any of the beasts of the

earth which the Lord God had made. And he said to the woman: Why hath

God commanded you, that you should not eat of every tree of paradise?

3:2. And the woman answered him, saying: Of the fruit of the trees that

are in paradise we do eat:

3:3. But of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of paradise,

God hath commanded us that we should not eat; and that we should not

touch it, lest perhaps we die.

3:4. And the serpent said to the woman: No, you shall not die the


3:5. For God doth know that in what day soever you shall eat thereof,

your eyes shall be opened: and you shall be as Gods, knowing good and


3:6. And the woman saw that the tree was good to eat, and fair to the

eyes, and delightful to behold: and she took of the fruit thereof, and

did eat, and gave to her husband, who did eat.

3:7. And the eyes of them both were opened: and when they perceived

themselves to be naked, they sewed together fig leaves, and made

themselves aprons.

And the eyes, etc. . .Not that they were blind before, (for the woman

saw that the tree was fair to the eyes, ver. 6.) nor yet that their

eyes were opened to any more perfect knowledge of good; but only to the

unhappy experience of having lost the good of original grace and

innocence, and incurred the dreadful evil of sin. From whence followed

a shame of their being naked; which they minded not before; because

being now stript of original grace, they quickly began to be subject to

the shameful rebellions of the flesh.

3:8. And when they heard the voice of the Lord God walking in paradise

at the afternoon air, Adam and his wife hid themselves from the face of

the Lord God, amidst the trees of paradise.

3:9. And the Lord God called Adam, and said to him: Where art thou?

3:10. And he said: I heard thy voice in paradise; and I was afraid,

because I was naked, and I hid myself.

3:11. And he said to him: And who hath told thee that thou wast naked,

but that thou hast eaten of the tree whereof I commanded thee that thou

shouldst not eat?

3:12. And Adam said: The woman, whom thou gavest me to be my companion,

gave me of the tree, and I did eat.

3:13. And the Lord God said to the woman: Why hast thou done this? And

she answered: The serpent deceived me, and I did eat.

3:14. And the Lord God said to the serpent: Because thou hast done this

thing, thou art cursed among all cattle, and beasts of the earth: upon

thy breast shalt thou go, and earth shalt thou eat all the days of thy


3:15. I will put enmities between thee and the woman, and thy seed and

her seed: she shall crush thy head, and thou shalt lie in wait for her


She shall crush. . .Ipsa, the woman; so divers of the fathers read this

place, conformably to the Latin: others read it ipsum, viz., the seed.

The sense is the same: for it is by her seed, Jesus Christ, that the

woman crushes the serpent's head.

3:16. To the woman also he said: I will multiply thy sorrows, and thy

conceptions: in sorrow shalt thou bring forth children, and thou shalt

be under thy husband's power, and he shall have dominion over thee.

3:17. And to Adam he said: Because thou hast hearkened to the voice of

thy wife, and hast eaten of the tree, whereof I commanded thee, that

thou shouldst not eat, cursed is the earth in thy work: with labour and

toil shalt thou eat thereof all the days of thy life.

3:18. Thorns and thistles shall it bring forth to thee, and thou shalt

eat the herbs of the earth.

3:19. In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread till thou return to

the earth out of which thou wast taken: for dust thou art, and into

dust thou shalt return.

3:20. And Adam called the name of his wife Eve: because she was the

mother of all the living.

3:21. And the Lord God made for Adam and his wife garments of skins,

and clothed them.

3:22. And he said: Behold Adam is become as one of us, knowing good and

evil: now therefore lest perhaps he put forth his hand and take also of

the tree of life, and eat, and live for ever.

Behold Adam, etc. . .This was spoken by way of reproaching him with his

pride, in affecting a knowledge that might make him like to God.

3:23. And the Lord God sent him out of the paradise of pleasure, to

till the earth from which he was taken.

3:24. And he cast out Adam: and placed before the paradise of pleasure

Cherubims, and a flaming sword, turning every way, to keep the way of

the tree of life.

Genesis Chapter 4

The history of Cain and Abel.

4:1. And Adam knew Eve his wife; who conceived and brought forth Cain,

saying: I have gotten a man through God.

4:2. And again she brought forth his brother Abel. And Abel was a

shepherd, and Cain a husbandman.

4:3. And it came to pass after many days, that Cain offered, of the

fruits of the earth, gifts to the Lord.

4:4. Abel also offered of the firstlings of his flock, and of their

fat: and the Lord had respect to Abel, and to his offerings.

Had respect. . .That is, shewed his acceptance of his sacrifice (as

coming from a heart full of devotion): and that, as we may suppose, by

some visible token, such as sending fire from heaven upon his


4:5. But to Cain and his offerings he had no respect: and Cain was

exceeding angry, and his countenance fell.

4:6. And the Lord said to him: Why art thou angry? and why is thy

countenance fallen?

4:7. If thou do well, shalt thou not receive? but if ill, shall not sin

forthwith be present at the door? but the lust thereof shall be under

thee, and thou shalt have dominion over it.

4:8. And Cain said to Abel his brother: Let us go forth abroad. And

when they were in the field, Cain rose up against his brother Abel, and

slew him.

4:9. And the Lord said to Cain: Where is thy brother Abel? And he

answered: I know not: am I my brother's keeper?

4:10. And he said to him: What hast thou done? the voice of thy

brother's blood crieth to me from the earth.

4:11. Now therefore cursed shalt thou be upon the earth, which hath

opened her mouth and received the blood of thy brother at thy hand.

4:12. When thou shalt till it, it shall not yield to thee its fruit: a

fugitive and a vagabond shalt thou be upon the earth.

4:13. And Cain said to the Lord: My iniquity is greater than that I may

deserve pardon.

4:14. Behold thou dost cast me out this day from the face of the earth,

and from thy face I shall be hid, and I shall be a vagabond and a

fugitive on the earth: every one therefore that findeth me, shall kill


Every one that findeth me shall kill me. . .His guilty conscience made

him fear his own brothers and nephews; of whom, by this time, there

might be a good number upon the earth; which had now endured near 130

years; as may be gathered from Gen. 5.3, compared with chap. 4.25,

though in the compendious account given in the scriptures, only Cain

and Abel are mentioned.

4:15. And the Lord said to him: No, it shall not so be: but whosoever

shall kill Cain, shall be punished sevenfold. And the Lord set a mark

upon Cain, that whosoever found him should not kill him.

Set a mark, etc. . .The more common opinion of the interpreters of holy

writ supposes this mark to have been a trembling of the body; or a

horror and consternation in his countenance.

4:16. And Cain went out from the face of the Lord, and dwelt as a

fugitive on the earth at the east side of Eden.

4:17. And Cain knew his wife, and she conceived, and brought forth

Henoch: and he built a city, and called the name thereof by the name of

his son Henoch.

His wife. . .She was a daughter of Adam, and Cain's own sister; God

dispensing with such marriages in the beginning of the world, as

mankind could not otherwise be propagated. He built a city, viz. . .In

process of time, when his race was multiplied, so as to be numerous

enough to people it. For in the many hundred years he lived, his race

might be multiplied even to millions.

4:18. And Henoch begot Irad, and Irad begot Maviael, and Maviael begot

Mathusael, and Mathusael begot Lamech,

4:19. Who took two wives: the name of the one was Ada, and the name of

the other Sella.

4:20. And Ada brought forth Jabel: who was the father of such as dwell

in tents, and of herdsmen.

4:21. And his brother's name was Jubal: he was the father of them that

play upon the harp and the organs.

4:22. Sella also brought forth Tubalcain, who was a hammerer and

artificer in every work of brass and iron. And the sister of Tubalcain

was Noema.

4:23. And Lamech said to his wives Ada and Sella: Hear my voice, ye

wives of Lamech, hearken to my speech: for I have slain a man to the

wounding of myself, and a stripling to my own bruising.

I have slain a man, etc. . .It is the tradition of the Hebrews, that

Lamech in hunting slew Cain, mistaking him for a wild beast; and that

having discovered what he had done, he beat so unmercifully the youth,

by whom he was led into that mistake, that he died of the blows.

4:24. Sevenfold vengeance shall be taken for Cain: but for Lamech

seventy times sevenfold.

4:25. Adam also knew his wife again: and she brought forth a son, and

called his name Seth, saying: God hath given me another seed for Abel,

whom Cain slew.

4:26. But to Seth also was born a son, whom he called Enos: this man

began to call upon the name of the Lord.

Began to call upon, etc. . .Not that Adam and Seth had not called upon

God, before the birth of Enos; but that Enos used more solemnity in the

worship and invocation of God.

Genesis Chapter 5

The genealogy, age, and death of the Patriarchs, from Adam to Noe. The

translation of Henoch.

5:1. This is the book of the generation of Adam. In the day that God

created man, he made him to the likeness of God.

5:2. He created them male and female; and blessed them: and called

their name Adam, in the day when they were created.

5:3. And Adam lived a hundred and thirty years, and begot a son to his

own image and likeness, and called his name Seth.

5:4. And the days of Adam, after he begot Seth, were eight hundred

years: and he begot sons and daughters.

5:5. And all the time that Adam lived, came to nine hundred and thirty

years, and he died.

5:6. Seth also lived a hundred and five years, and begot Enos.

5:7. And Seth lived after he begot Enos, eight hundred and seven years,

and begot sons and daughters.

5:8. And all the days of Seth were nine hundred and twelve years, and

he died.

5:9. And Enos lived ninety years, and begot Cainan.

5:10. After whose birth he lived eight hundred and fifteen years, and

begot sons and daughters.

5:11. And all the days of Enos were nine hundred and five years, and he


5:12. And Cainan lived seventy years, and begot Malaleel.

5:13. And Cainan lived after he begot Malaleel, eight hundred and forty

years, and begot sons and daughters.

5:14. And all the days of Cainan were nine hundred and ten years, and

he died.

5:15. And Malaleel lived sixty-five years and begot Jared.

5:16. And Malaleel lived after he begot Jared, eight hundred and thirty

years, and begot sons and daughters.

5:17. And all the days of Malaleel were eight hundred and ninety-five

years, and he died.

5:18. And Jared lived a hundred and sixty-two years, and begot Henoch.

5:19. And Jared lived after he begot Henoch, eight hundred years, and

begot sons and daughters.

5:20. And all the days of Jared were nine hundred and sixty-two years,

and he died.

5:21. And Henoch lived sixty-five years, and begot Mathusala.

5:22. And Henoch walked with God: and lived after he begot Mathusala,

three hundred years, and begot sons and daughters.

5:23. And all the days of Henoch were three hundred and sixty-five


5:24. And he walked with God, and was seen no more: because God took


5:25. And Mathusala lived a hundred and eighty-seven years, and begot


5:26. And Mathlusala lived after he begot Lamech, seven hundred and

eighty-two years, and begot sons and daughters.

5:27. And all the days of Mathusala were nine hundred and sixty-nine

years, and he died.

5:28. And Lamech lived a hundred and eighty-two years, and begot a son.

5:29. And he called his name Noe, saying: This same shall comfort us

from the works and labours of our hands on the earth, which the Lord

hath cursed.

5:30. And Lamech lived after he begot Noe, five hundred and ninety-five

years, and begot sons and daughters.

5:31. And all the days of Lamech came to seven hundred and

seventy-seven years, and he died. And Noe, when he was five hundred

years old, begot Sem, Cham, and Japheth.

Genesis Chapter 6

Man's sin is the cause of the deluge. Noe is commanded to build the


6:1. And after that men began to be multiplied upon the earth, and

daughters were born to them,

6:2. The sons of God seeing the daughters of men, that they were fair,

took to themselves wives of all which they chose.

The sons of God. . .The descendants of Seth and Enos are here called

sons of God from their religion and piety: whereas the ungodly race of

Cain, who by their carnal affections lay grovelling upon the earth, are

called the children of men. The unhappy consequence of the former

marrying with the latter, ought to be a warning to Christians to be

very circumspect in their marriages; and not to suffer themselves to be

determined in their choice by their carnal passion, to the prejudice of

virtue or religion.

6:3. And God said: My spirit shall not remain in man for ever, because

he is flesh, and his days shall be a hundred and twenty years.

His days shall be, etc. . .The meaning is, that man's days, which before

the flood were usually 900 years, should now be reduced to 120 years.

Or rather, that God would allow men this term of 120 years, for their

repentance and conversion, before he would send the deluge.

6:4. Now giants were upon the earth in those days. For after the sons

of God went in to the daughters of men, and they brought forth

children, these are the mighty men of old, men of renown.

Giants. . .It is likely the generality of men before the flood were of a

gigantic stature in comparison with what men now are. But these here

spoken of are called giants, as being not only tall in stature, but

violent and savage in their dispositions, and mere monsters of cruelty

and lust.

6:5. And God seeing that the wickedness of men was great on the earth,

and that all the thought of their heart was bent upon evil at all


6:6. It repented him that he had made man on the earth. And being

touched inwardly with sorrow of heart,

It repented him, etc. . .God, who is unchangeable, is not capable of

repentance, grief, or any other passion. But these expressions are used

to declare the enormity of the sins of men, which was so provoking as

to determine their Creator to destroy these his creatures, whom before

he had so much favoured.

6:7. He said: I will destroy man, whom I have created, from the face of

the earth, from man even to beasts, from the creeping thing even to the

fowls of the air, for it repenteth me that I have made them.

6:8. But Noe found grace before the Lord.

6:9. These are the generations of Noe: Noe was a just and perfect man

in his generations, he walked with God.

6:10. And he begot three sons, Sem, Cham, and Japheth.

6:11. And the earth was corrupted before God, and was filled with


6:12. And when God had seen that the earth was corrupted (for all flesh

had corrupted its way upon the earth),

6:13. He said to Noe: The end of all flesh is come before me, the earth

is filled with iniquity through them, and I will destroy them with the


6:14. Make thee an ark of timber planks: thou shalt make little rooms

in the ark, and thou shalt pitch it within and without.

6:15. And thus shalt thou make it. The length of the ark shall be three

hundred cubits: the breadth of it fifty cubits, and the height of it

thirty cubits.

Three hundred cubits, etc. . .The ark, according to the dimensions here

set down, contained four hundred and fifty thousand square cubits;

which was more than enough to contain all the kinds of living

creatures, with all necessary provisions: even supposing the cubits

here spoken of to have been only a foot and a half each, which was the

least kind of cubits.

6:16. Thou shalt make a window in the ark, and in a cubit shalt thou

finish the top of it: and the door of the ark thou shalt set in the

side: with lower, middle chambers, and third stories shalt thou make


6:17. Behold, I will bring the waters of a great flood upon the earth,

to destroy all flesh, wherein is the breath of life under heaven. All

things that are in the earth shall be consumed.

6:18. And I will establish my covenant with thee, and thou shalt enter

into the ark, thou and thy sons, and thy wife, and the wives of thy

sons with thee.

6:19. And of every living creature of all flesh, thou shalt bring two

of a sort into the ark, that they may live with thee: of the male sex,

and the female.

6:20. Of fowls according to their kind, and of beasts in their kind,

and of every thing that creepeth on the earth according to its kind:

two of every sort shall go in with thee, that they may live.

6:21. Thou shalt take unto thee of all food that may be eaten, and thou

shalt lay it up with thee: and it shall be food for thee and them.

6:22. And Noe did all things which God commanded him.

Genesis Chapter 7

Noe with his family go into the ark. The deluge overflows the earth.

7:1. And the Lord said to him: Go in, thou and all thy house, into the

ark: for thee I have seen just before me in this generation.

7:2. Of all clean beasts take seven and seven, the male and the female.

Of all clean. . .The distinction of clean and unclean beasts appears to

have been made before the law of Moses, which was not promulgated till

the year of the world 2514.

7:3. But of the beasts that are unclean two and two, the male and the

female. Of the fowls also of the air seven and seven, the male and the

female: that seed may be saved upon the face of the whole earth.

7:4. For yet a while, and after seven days, I will rain upon the earth

forty days and forty nights: and I will destroy every substance that I

have made, from the face of the earth.

7:5. And Noe did all things which the Lord had commanded him.

7:6. And he was six hundred years old, when the waters of the flood

overflowed the earth.

7:7. And Noe went in and his sons, his wife and the wives of his sons

with him into the ark, because of the waters of the flood.

7:8. And of beasts clean and unclean, and of fowls, and of every thing

that moveth upon the earth,

7:9. Two and two went in to Noe into the ark, male and female, as the

Lord had commanded Noe.

7:10. And after the seven days were passed, the waters of the flood

overflowed the earth.

7:11. In the six hundredth year of the life of Noe, in the second

month, in the seventeenth day of the month, all the fountains of the

great deep were broken up, and the floodgates of heaven were opened:

7:12. And the rain fell upon the earth forty days and forty nights.

7:13. In the selfsame day Noe, and Sem, and Cham, and Japheth, his

sons: his wife, and the three wives of his sons with them, went into

the ark.

7:14. They and every beast according to its kind, and all the cattle in

their kind, and every thing that moveth upon the earth, according to

its kind, and every fowl according to its kind, all birds, and all that


7:15. Went in to Noe into the ark, two and two of all flesh, wherein

was the breath of life.

7:16. And they that went in, went in male and female of all flesh, as

God had commanded him: and the Lord shut him in on the outside.

7:17. And the flood was forty days upon the earth: and the waters

increased, and lifted up the ark on high from the earth.

7:18. For they overflowed exceedingly: and filled all on the face of

the earth: and the ark was carried upon the waters.

7:19. And the waters prevailed beyond measure upon the earth: and all

the high mountains under the whole heaven were covered.

7:20. The water was fifteen cubits higher than the mountains which it


7:21. And all flesh was destroyed that moved upon the earth, both of

fowl and of cattle, and of beasts, and of all creeping things that

creep upon the earth: and all men.

7:22. And all things wherein there is the breath of life on the earth,


7:23. And he destroyed all the substance that was upon the earth, from

man even to beast, and the creeping things and fowls of the air: and

they were destroyed from the earth: and Noe only remained, and they

that were with him in the ark.

7:24. And the waters prevailed upon the earth a hundred and fifty days.

Genesis Chapter 8

The deluge ceaseth. Noe goeth out of the ark, and offereth a sacrifice.

God's covenant to him.

8:1. And God remembered Noe, and all the living creatures, and all the

cattle which were with him in the ark, and brought a wind upon the

earth, and the waters were abated:

8:2. The fountains also of the deep, and the floodgates of heaven, were

shut up, and the rain from heaven was restrained.

8:3. And the waters returned from off the earth going and coming: and

they began to be abated after a hundred and fifty days.

8:4. And the ark rested in the seventh month, the seven and twentieth

day of the month, upon the mountains of Armenia.

8:5. And the waters were going and decreasing until the tenth month:

for in the tenth month, the first day of the month, the tops of the

mountains appeared.

8:6. And after that forty days were passed, Noe opening the window of

the ark, which he had made, sent forth a raven:

8:7. Which went forth and did not return, till the waters were dried up

upon the earth.

Did not return. . .The raven did not return into the ark; but (as it may

be gathered from the Hebrew) went to and fro; sometimes going to the

mountains, where it found carcasses to feed on: and other times

returning, to rest upon the top of the ark.

8:8. He sent forth also a dove after him, to see if the waters had now

ceased upon the face of the earth.

8:9. But she not finding where her foot might rest, returned to him

into the ark: for the waters were upon the whole earth: and he put

forth his hand, and caught her, and brought her into the ark.

8:10. And having waited yet seven other days, he again sent forth the

dove out of the ark.

8:11. And she came to him in the evening carrying a bough of an olive

tree, with green leaves, in her mouth. Noe therefore understood that

the waters were ceased upon the earth.

8:12. And he stayed yet other seven days: and he sent forth the dove,

which returned not any more unto him.

8:13. Therefore in the six hundredth and first year, the first month,

the first day of the month, the waters were lessened upon the earth,

and Noe opening the covering of the ark, looked, and saw that the face

of the earth was dried.

8:14. In the second month, the seven and twentieth day of the month,

the earth was dried.

8:15. And God spoke to Noe, saying:

8:16. Go out of the ark, thou and thy wife, thy sons and the wives of

thy sons with thee.

8:17. All living things that are with thee of all flesh, as well in

fowls as in beasts, and all creeping things that creep upon the earth,

bring out with thee, and go ye upon the earth: increase and multiply

upon it.

8:18. So Noe went out, he and his sons: his wife, and the wives of his

sons with him.

8:19. And all living things, and cattle, and creeping things that creep

upon the earth, according to their kinds went out of the ark.

8:20. And Noe built an altar unto the Lord: and taking of all cattle

and fowls that were clean, offered holocausts upon the altar.

Holocausts,. . .or whole burnt offerings. In which the whole victim was

consumed by fire upon God's altar, and no part was reserved for the use

of priest or people.

8:21. And the Lord smelled a sweet savour, and said: I will no more

curse the earth for the sake of man: for the imagination and thought of

man's heart are prone to evil from his youth: therefore I will no more

destroy every living soul as I have done.

Smelled, etc. . .A figurative expression, denoting that God was well

pleased with the sacrifices which his servant offered.

8:22. All the days of the earth, seedtime and harvest, cold and heat,

summer and winter, night and day, shall not cease.

Genesis Chapter 9

God blesseth Noe: forbiddeth blood, and promiseth never more to destroy

the world by water. The blessing of Sem and Japheth.

9:1. And God blessed Noe and his sons. And he said to them: Increase,

and multiply, and fill the earth.

9:2. And let the fear and dread of you be upon all the beasts of the

earth, and upon all the fowls of the air, and all that move upon the

earth: all the fishes of the sea are delivered into your hand.

9:3. And every thing that moveth, and liveth shall be meat for you:

even as the green herbs have I delivered them all to you:

9:4. Saving that flesh with blood you shall not eat.

9:5. For I will require the blood of your lives at the hand of every

beast, and at the hand of man, at the hand of every man, and of his

brother, will I require the life of man.

9:6. Whosoever shall shed man's blood, his blood shall be shed: for man

was made to the image of God.

9:7. But increase you and multiply, and go upon the earth and fill it.

9:8. Thus also said God to Noe, and to his sons with him:

9:9. Behold I will establish my covenant with you, and with your seed

after you:

9:10. And with every living soul that is with you, as well in all

birds, as in cattle and beasts of the earth, that are come forth out of

the ark, and in all the beasts of the earth.

9:11. I will establish my covenant with you, and all flesh shall be no

more destroyed with the waters of a flood, neither shall there be from

henceforth a flood to waste the earth.

9:12. And God said: This is the sign of the covenant which I give

between me and you, and to every living soul that is with you, for

perpetual generations.

9:13. I will set my bow in the clouds, and it shall be the sign of a

covenant between me and between the earth.

9:14. And when I shall cover the sky with clouds, my bow shall appear

in the clouds:

9:15. And I will remember my covenant with you, and with every living

soul that beareth flesh: and there shall no more be waters of a flood

to destroy all flesh.

9:16. And the bow shall be in the clouds, and I shall see it, and shall

remember the everlasting covenant, that was made between God and every

living soul of all flesh which is upon the earth.

9:17. And God said to Noe: This shall be the sign of the covenant,

which I have established, between me and all flesh upon the earth.

9:18. And the sons of Noe, who came out of the ark, were Sem, Cham, and

Japheth: and Cham is the father of Chanaan.

9:19. These three are the sons of Noe: and from these was all mankind

spread over the whole earth.

9:20. And Noe a husbandman began to till the ground, and planted a


9:21. And drinking of the wine was made drunk, and was uncovered in his


Drunk. . .Noe by the judgment of the fathers was not guilty of sin, in

being overcome by wine: because he knew not the strength of it.

9:22. Which when Cham the father of Chanaan had seen, to wit, that his

father's nakedness was uncovered, he told it to his two brethren


9:23. But Sem and Japheth put a cloak upon their shoulders, and going

backward, covered the nakedness of their father: and their faces were

turned away, and they saw not their father's nakedness.

Covered the nakedness. . .Thus, as St. Gregory takes notice L. 35;

Moral. c. 22, we ought to cover the nakedness, that is, the sins, of

our spiritual parents and superiors.

9:24. And Noe awaking from the wine, when he had learned what his

younger son had done to him,

9:25. He said: Cursed be Chanaan, a servant of servants shall he be

unto his brethren.

Cursed be Chanaan. . .The curses, as well as the blessings, of the

patriarchs, were prophetical: And this in particular is here recorded

by Moses, for the children of Israel, who were to possess the land of

Chanaan. But why should Chanaan be cursed for his father's faults? The

Hebrews answer, that he being then a boy, was the first that saw his

grandfather's nakedness, and told his father Cham of it; and joined

with him in laughing at it: which drew upon him, rather than upon the

rest of the children of Cham, this prophetical curse.

9:26. And he said: Blessed be the Lord God of Sem, be Chanaan his


9:27. May God enlarge Japheth, and may he dwell in the tents of Sem,

and Chanaan be his servant.

9:28. And Noe lived after the flood three hundred and fifty years.

9:29. And all his days were in the whole nine hundred and fifty years:

and he died.

Genesis Chapter 10

The genealogy of the children of Noe, by whom the world was peopled

after the flood.

10:1. These are the generations of the sons of Noe: Sem, Cham, and

Japheth: and unto them sons were born after the flood.

10:2. The sons of Japheth: Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and

Thubal, and Mosoch, and Thiras.

10:3. And the sons of Gomer: Ascenez and Riphath and Thogorma.

10:4. And the sons of Javan: Elisa and Tharsis, Cetthim and Dodanim.

10:5. By these were divided the islands of the Gentiles in their lands,

every one according to his tongue and their families in their nations.

The islands. . .So the Hebrews called all the remote countries, to which

they went by ships from Judea, to Greece, Italy, Spain, etc.

10:6. And the Sons of Cham: Chus, and Mesram, and Phuth, and Chanaan.

10:7. And the sons of Chus: Saba, and Hevila, and Sabatha, and Regma,

and Sabatacha. The sons of Regma: Saba, and Dadan.

10:8. Now Chus begot Nemrod: he began to be mighty on the earth.

10:9. And he was a stout hunter before the Lord. Hence came a proverb:

Even as Nemrod the stout hunter before the Lord.

A stout hunter. . .Not of beasts but of men: whom by violence and

tyranny he brought under his dominion. And such he was, not only in the

opinion of men, but before the Lord, that is, in his sight who cannot

be deceived.

10:10. And the beginning of his kingdom was Babylon, and Arach, and

Achad, and Chalanne in the land of Sennaar.

10:11. Out of that land came forth Assur, and built Ninive, and the

streets of the city, and Chale.

10:12. Resen also between Ninive and Chale: this is the great city.

10:13. And Mesraim begot Ludim, and Anamim and Laabim, Nephthuim.

10:14. And Phetrusim, and Chasluim; of whom came forth the Philistines,

and the Capthorim.

10:15. And Chanaan begot Sidon his firstborn, the Hethite,

10:16. And the Jebusite, and the Amorrhite, and the Gergesite.

10:17. The Hevite and Aracite: the Sinite,

10:18. And the Aradian, the Samarite, and the Hamathite: and afterwards

the families of the Chanaanites were spread abroad.

10:19. And the limits of Chanaan were from Sidon as one comes to Gerara

even to Gaza, until thou enter Sodom and Gomorrha, and Adama, and

Seboim even to Lesa.

10:20. These are the children of Cham in their kindreds and tongues,

and generations, and lands, and nations.

10:21. Of Sem also the father of all the children of Heber, the elder

brother of Japheth, sons were born.

10:22. The sons of Sem: Elam and Assur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and


10:23. The sons of Aram: Us, and Hull, and Gether; and Mes.

10:24. But Arphaxad begot Sale, of whom was born Heber.

10:25. And to Heber were born two sons: the name of the one was Phaleg,

because in his days was the earth divided: and his brother's name


10:26. Which Jectan begot Elmodad, and Saleph, and Asarmoth, Jare,

10:27. And Aduram, and Uzal, and Decla,

10:28. And Ebal, and Abimael, Saba,

10:29. And Ophir, and Hevila, and Jobab. All these were the sons of


10:30. And their dwelling was from Messa as we go on as far as Sephar,

a mountain in the east.

10:31. These are the children of Sem according to their kindreds and

tongues, and countries in their nations.

10:32. These are the families of Noe, according to their people and

nations. By these were the nations divided on the earth after the


Genesis Chapter 11

The tower of Babel. The confusion of tongues. The genealogy of Sem down

to Abram.

11:1. And the earth was of one tongue, and of the same speech.

11:2. And when they removed from the east, they found a plain in the

land of Sennaar, and dwelt in it.

11:3. And each one said to his neighbour: Come let us make brick, and

bake them with fire. And they had brick instead of stones, and slime

instead of mortar:

11:4. And they said: Come, let us make a city and a tower, the top

whereof may reach to heaven; and let us make our name famous before we

be scattered abroad into all lands.

11:5. And the Lord came down to see the city and the tower, which the

children of Adam were building.

11:6. And he said: Behold, it is one people, and all have one tongue:

and they have begun to do this, neither will they leave off from their

designs, till they accomplish them in deed.

11:7. Come ye, therefore, let us go down, and there confound their

tongue, that they may not understand one another's speech.

11:8. And so the Lord scattered them from that place into all lands,

and they ceased to build the city.

11:9. And therefore the name thereof was called Babel, because there

the language of the whole earth was confounded: and from thence the

Lord scattered them abroad upon the face of all countries.

Babel. . .That is, confusion.

11:10. These are the generations of Sem: Sem was a hundred years old

when he begot Arphaxad, two years after the flood.

11:11. And Sem lived after he begot Arphaxad, five hundred years, and

begot sons and daughters.

11:12. And Arphaxad lived thirty-five years, and begot Sale.

11:13. And Arphaxad lived after he begot Sale, three hundred and three

years, and begot sons and daughters.

11:14. Sale also lived thirty years, and begot Heber.

11:15. And Sale lived after he begot Heber, four hundred and three

years: and begot sons and daughters.

11:16. And Heber lived thirty-four years, and begot Phaleg.

11:17. And Heber lived after he begot Phaleg, four hundred and thirty

years: and begot sons and daughters.

11:18. Phaleg also lived thirty years, and begot Reu.

11:19. And Phaleg lived after he begot Reu, two hundred and nine years,

and begot sons and daughters.

11:20. And Reu lived thirty-two years, and begot Sarug.

11:21. And Reu lived after he begot Sarug, two hundred and seven years,

and begot sons and daughters.

11:22. And Sarug lived thirty years, and begot Nachor.

11:23. And Sarug lived after he begot Nachor, two hundred years, and

begot sons and daughters.

11:24. And Nachor lived nine and twenty years, and begot Thare.

11:25. And Nachor lived after he begot Thare, a hundred and nineteen

years, and begot sons and daughters.

11:26. And Thare lived seventy years, and begot Abram, and Nachor, and


11:27. And these are the generations of Thare: Thare begot Abram,

Nachor, and Aran. And Aran begot Lot.

11:28. And Aran died before Thare his father, in the land of his

nativity in Ur of the Chaldees.

11:29. And Abram and Nachor married wives: the name of Abram's wife was

Sarai: and the name of Nachor's wife, Melcha, the daughter of Aran,

father of Melcha and father of Jescha.

11:30. And Sarai was barren, and had no children.

11:31. And Thare took Abram his son, and Lot the son of Aran, his son's

son, and Sarai his daughter in law, the wife of Abram his son, and

brought them out of Ur of the Chaldees, to go into the land of Chanaan:

and they came as far as Haran, and dwelt there.

11:32. And the days of Thare were two hundred and five years, and he

died in Haran.

Genesis Chapter 12

The call of Abram, and the promise made to him. He sojourneth in

Chanaan, and then by occasion of a famine, goeth down to Egypt.

12:1. And the Lord said to Abram: Go forth out of thy country, and from

thy kindred, and out of thy father's house, and come into the land

which I shall shew thee.

12:2. And I will make of thee a great nation, and I will bless thee,

and magnify thy name, and thou shalt be blessed.

12:3. I will bless them that bless thee, and curse them that curse

thee, and IN THEE shall all the kindreds of the earth be blessed.

12:4. So Abram went out as the Lord had commanded him, and Lot went

with him: Abram was seventy-five years old when he went forth from


12:5. And he took Sarai his wife, and Lot his brother's son, and all

the substance which they had gathered, and the souls which they had

gotten in Haran: and they went out to go into the land of Chanaan. And

when they were come into it,

12:6. Abram passed through the country unto the place of Sichem, as far

as the noble vale: now the Chanaanite was at that time in the land.

12:7. And the Lord appeared to Abram, and said to him: To thy seed will

I give this land. And he built there an altar to the Lord, who had

appeared to him.

12:8. And passing on from thence to a mountain, that was on the east

side of Bethel, he there pitched his tent, having Bethel on the west,

and Hai on the east: he built there also an altar to the Lord, and

called upon his name.

12:9. And Abram went forward, going and proceeding on to the south.

12:10. And there came a famine in the country: and Abram went down into

Egypt, to sojourn there: for the famine was very grievous in the land.

12:11. And when he was near to enter into Egypt, he said to Sarai his

wife: I know that thou art a beautiful woman:

12:12. And that when the Egyptians shall see thee, they will say: She

is his wife: and they will kill me, and keep thee.

12:13. Say, therefore, I pray thee, that thou art my sister: that I may

be well used for thee, and that my soul may live for thy sake.

My sister. . .This was no lie; because she was his niece, being daughter

to his brother Aran, and therefore, in the style of the Hebrews, she

might truly be called his sister, as Lot is called Abram's brother,

Gen. 14.14. See Gen. 20.12.

12:14. And when Abram was come into Egypt, the Egyptians saw the woman

that she was very beautiful.

12:15. And the princes told Pharao, and praised her before him: and the

woman was taken into the house of Pharao.

12:16. And they used Abram well for her sake. And he had sheep and oxen

and he asses, and men servants, and maid servants, and she asses, and


12:17. But the Lord scourged Pharao and his house with most grievous

stripes for Sarai, Abram's wife.

12:18. And Pharao called Abram, and said to him: What is this that thou

hast done to me? Why didst thou not tell me that she was thy wife?

12:19. For what cause didst thou say, she was thy sister, that I might

take her to my wife? Now therefore there is thy wife, take her, and go

thy way.

12:20. And Pharao gave his men orders concerning Abram: and they led

him away and his wife, and all that he had.

Genesis Chapter 13

Abram and Lot part from each other. God's promise to Abram.

13:1. And Abram went up out of Egypt, he and his wife, and all that he

had, and Lot with him into the south.

13:2. And he was very rich in possession of gold and silver.

13:3. And he returned by the way, that he came, from the south to

Bethel, to the place where before he had pitched his tent between

Bethel and Hai,

13:4. In the place of the altar which he had made before, and there he

called upon the name of the Lord.

13:5. But Lot also, who was with Abram, had flocks of sheep, and herds

of beasts, and tents.

13:6. Neither was the land able to bear them, that they might dwell

together: for their substance was great, and they could not dwell


13:7. Whereupon also there arose a strife between the herdsmen of Abram

and of Lot. And at that time the Chanaanite and the Pherezite dwelled

in that country.

13:8. Abram therefore said to Lot: Let there be no quarrel, I beseech

thee, between me and thee, and between my herdsmen and thy herdsmen:

for we are brethren.

13:9. Behold the whole land is before thee: depart from me, I pray

thee: if thou wilt go to the left hand, I will take the right: if thou

choose the right hand, I will pass to the left.

13:10. And Lot lifting up his eyes, saw all the country about the

Jordan, which was watered throughout, before the Lord destroyed Sodom

and Gomorrha, as the paradise of the Lord, and like Egypt as one comes

to Segor.

13:11. And Lot chose to himself the country about the Jordan, and he

departed from the east: and they were separated one brother from the


13:12. Abram dwelt in the land of Chanaan: and Lot abode in the towns,

that were about the Jordan, and dwelt in Sodom.

13:13. And the men of Sodom were very wicked, and sinners before the

face of the Lord beyond measure.

13:14. And the Lord said to Abram, after Lot was separated from him:

Lift up thy eyes, and look from the place wherein thou now art, to the

north and to the south, to the east and to the west.

13:15. All the land which thou seest, I will give to thee, and to thy

seed for ever.

13:16. And I will make thy seed as the dust of the earth: if any man be

able to number the dust of the earth, he shall be able to number thy

seed also.

13:17. Arise and walk through the land in the length, and the breadth

thereof: for I will give it to thee.

13:18. So Abram removing his tent, came, and dwelt by the vale of

Mambre, which is in Hebron: and he built there an altar to the Lord.

Genesis Chapter 14

The expedition of the four kings; the victory of Abram; he is blessed

by Melchisedech.

14:1. And it came to pass at that time, that Amraphel, king of Sennaar,

and Arioch, king of Pontus, and Chodorlahomor, king of the Elamites,

and Thadal, king of nations,

14:2. Made war against Bara, king of Sodom, and against Bersa, king of

Gomorrha, and against Sennaab, king of Adama, and against Semeber, king

of Seboim, and against the king of Bala, which is Segor.

14:3. All these came together into the woodland vale, which now is the

salt sea.

14:4. For they had served Chodorlahomor twelve years, and in the

thirteenth year they revolted from him.

14:5. And in the fourteenth year came Chodorlahomor, and the kings that

were with him: and they smote the Raphaim in Astarothcarnaim, and the

Zuzim with them, and the Emim in Save of Cariathaim.

14:6. And the Chorreans in the mountains of Seir, even to the plains of

Pharan, which is in the wilderness.

14:7. And they returned, and came to the fountain of Misphat, the same

is Cades: and they smote all the country of the Amalecites, and the

Amorrhean that dwelt in Asasonthamar.

14:8. And the king of Sodom, and the king of Gomorrha, and the king of

Adama, and the king of Seboim, and the king of Bala, which is Segor,

went out: and they set themselves against them in battle array, in the

woodland vale:

14:9. To wit, against Chodorlahomor king of the Elamites, and Thadal

king of nations, and Amraphel king of Sennaar, and Arioch king of

Pontus: four kings against five.

14:10. Now the woodland vale had many pits of slime. And the king of

Sodom, and the king of Gomorrha turned their backs, and were overthrown

there: and they that remained, fled to the mountain.

Of slime. Bituminis. . .This was a kind of pitch, which served for

mortar in the building of Babel, Gen. 11.3, and was used by Noe in

pitching the ark.

14:11. And they took all the substance of the Sodomites, and

Gomorrhites, and all their victuals, and went their way:

14:12. And Lot also, the son of Abram's brother, who dwelt in Sodom,

and his substance.

14:13. And behold one, that had escaped, told Abram the Hebrew, who

dwelt in the vale of Mambre the Amorrhite, the brother of Escol, and

the brother of Aner: for these had made a league with Abram.

14:14. Which when Abram had heard, to wit, that his brother Lot was

taken, he numbered of the servants born in his house, three hundred and

eighteen, well appointed: and pursued them to Dan.

14:15. And dividing his company, he rushed upon them in the night, and

defeated them: and pursued them as far as Hoba, which is on the left

hand of Damascus.

14:16. And he brought back all the substance, and Lot his brother, with

his substance, the women also, and the people.

14:17. And the king of Sodom went out to meet him, after he returned

from the slaughter of Chodorlahomor, and of the kings that were with

him in the vale of Save, which is the king's vale.

14:18. But Melchisedech, the king of Salem, bringing forth bread and

wine, for he was the priest of the most high God,

14:19. Blessed him, and said: Blessed be Abram by the most high God,

who created heaven and earth.

14:20. And blessed be the most high God, by whose protection, the

enemies are in thy hands. And he gave him the tithes of all.

14:21. And the king of Sodom said to Abram: Give me the persons, and

the rest take to thyself.

14:22. And he answered him: I lift up my hand to the Lord God the most

high, the possessor of heaven and earth,

14:23. That from the very woof thread unto the shoe latchet, I will not

take of any things that are thine, lest thou say: I have enriched


14:24. Except such things as the young men have eaten, and the shares

of the men that came with me, Aner, Escol, and Mambre: these shall take

their shares.

Genesis Chapter 15

God promiseth seed to Abram. His faith, sacrifice and vision.

15:1. Now when these things were done, the word of the Lord came to

Abram by a vision, saying: Fear not, Abram, I am thy protector, and thy

reward exceeding great.

15:2. And Abram said: Lord God, what wilt thou give me? I shall go

without children: and the son of the steward of my house is this

Damascus Eliezer.

15:3. And Abram added: But to me thou hast not given seed: and lo my

servant born in my house, shall be my heir.

15:4. And immediately the word of the Lord came to him, saying : He

shall not be thy heir: but he that shall come out of thy bowels, him

shalt thou have for thy heir.

15:5. And he brought him forth abroad, and said to him: Look up to

heaven and number the stars if thou canst. And he said to him: So shall

thy seed be.

15:6. Abram believed God, and it was reputed to him unto justice.

15:7. And he said to him: I am the Lord who brought thee out from Ur of

the Chaldees, to give thee this land, and that thou mightest possess


15:8. But he said: Lord God, whereby may I know that I shall possess


15:9. And the Lord answered, and said: Take me a cow of three years

old, and a she-goat of three years. and a ram of three years, a turtle

also, and a pigeon.

15:10. And he took all these, and divided them in the midst, and laid

the two pieces of each one against the other: but the birds he divided


15:11. And the fowls came down upon the carcasses, and Abram drove them


15:12. And when the sun was setting, a deep sleep fell upon Abram, and

a great and darksome horror seized upon him.

15:13. And it was said unto him: Know thou beforehand that thy seed

shall be a stranger in a land not their own, and they shall bring them

under bondage, and afflict them four hundred years.

15:14. But I will judge the nation which they shall serve, and after

this they shall come out with great substance.

15:15. And thou shalt go to thy fathers in peace, and be buried in a

good old age.

15:16. But in the fourth generation they shall return hither: for as

yet the iniquities of the Amorrhites are not at the full until this

present time.

15:17. And when the sun was set, there arose a dark mist, and there

appeared a smoking furnace, and a lamp of fire passing between those


15:18. That day God made a covenant with Abram, saying: To thy seed

will I give this land, from the river to Egypt even to the great river


15:19. The Cineans, and Cenezites, the Cedmonites,

15:20. And the Hethites, and the Pherezites, the Raphaim also,

15:21. And the Amorrhites, and the Chanaanites, and the Gergesites, and

the Jebusites.

Genesis Chapter 16

Abram marrieth Agar, who bringeth forth Ismael.

16:1. Now Sarai, the wife of Abram, had brought forth no children: but

having a handmaid, an Egyptian, named Agar,

16:2. She said to her husband: Behold, the Lord hath restrained me from

bearing: go in unto my handmaid, it may be I may have children of her

at least. And when he agreed to her request,

16:3. She took Agar the Egyptian her handmaid, ten years after they

first dwelt in the land of Chanaan, and gave her to her husband to


To wife. . .Plurality of wives, though contrary to the primitive

institution of marriage, Gen. 2.24, was by divine dispensation allowed

to the patriarchs: which allowance seems to have continued during the

time of the law of Moses. But Christ our Lord reduced marriage to its

primitive institution. Matt. 19.

16:4. And he went in to her. But she perceiving that she was with

child, despised her mistress.

16:5. And Sarai said to Abram: Thou dost unjustly with me: I gave my

handmaid into thy bosom, and she perceiving herself to be with child,

despiseth me. The Lord judge between me and thee.

16:6. And Abram made answer, and said to her: Behold thy handmaid is in

thy own hand, use her as it pleaseth thee. And when Sarai afflicted

her, she ran away.

16:7. And the angel of the Lord having found her, by a fountain of

water in the wilderness, which is in the way to Sur in the desert,

16:8. He said to her: Agar, handmaid of Sarai, whence comest thou? and

whither goest thou? And she answered: I flee from the face of Sarai, my


16:9. And the angel of the Lord said to her: Return to thy mistress,

and humble thyself under her hand.

16:10. And again he said: I will multiply thy seed exceedingly, and it

shall not be numbered for multitude.

16:11. And again: Behold, said he, thou art with child, and thou shalt

bring forth a son: and thou shalt call his name Ismael, because the

Lord hath heard thy affliction.

16:12. He shall be a wild man: his hand will be against all men, and

all men's hands against him: and he shall pitch his tents over against

all his brethren.

16:13. And she called the name of the Lord that spoke unto her: Thou

the God who hast seen me. For she said: Verily, here have I seen the

hinder parts of him that seeth me.

16:14. Therefore she called that well, the well of him that liveth and

seeth me. The same is between Cades and Barad.

16:15. And Agar brought forth a son to Abram: who called his name


16:16. Abram was four score and six years old when Agar brought him

forth Ismael.

Genesis Chapter 17

The Covenant of circumcision.

17:1. And after he began to be ninety and nine years old, the Lord

appeared to him: and said unto him: I am the Almighty God: walk before

me, and be perfect.

17:2. And I will make my covenant between me and thee: and I will

multiply thee exceedingly.

17:3. Abram fell flat on his face.

17:4. And God said to him: I am, and my covenant is with thee, and thou

shalt be a father of many nations.

17:5. Neither shall thy name be called any more Abram: but thou shalt

be called Abraham: because I have made thee a father of many nations.

Abram. . .in the Hebrew, signifies a high father: but Abraham, the

father of the multitude; Sarai signifies my Lady, but Sara absolutely


17:6. And I will make thee increase exceedingly, and I will make

nations of thee, and kings shall come out of thee.

17:7. And I will establish my covenant between me and thee, and between

thy seed after thee in their generations, by a perpetual covenant: to

be a God to thee, and to thy seed after thee.

17:8. And I will give to thee, and to thy seed, the land of thy

sojournment, all the land of Chanaan, for a perpetual possession, and I

will be their God.

17:9. Again God said to Abraham: And thou therefore shalt keep my

covenant, and thy seed after thee in their generations.

17:10. This is my covenant which you shall observe between me and you,

and thy seed after thee: All the male-kind of you shall be circumcised.

17:11. And you shall circumcise the flesh of your foreskin, that it may

be for a sign of the covenant between me and you.

17:12. An infant of eight days old shall be circumcised among you,

every manchild in your generations: he that is born in the house, as

well as the bought servant, shall be circumcised, and whosoever is not

of your stock:

17:13. And my covenant shall be in your flesh for a perpetual covenant.

17:14. The male whose flesh of his foreskin shall not be circumcised,

that soul shall be destroyed out of his people: because he hath broken

my covenant.

17:15. God said also to Abraham: Sarai thy wife thou shalt not call

Sarai, but Sara.

17:16. And I will bless her, and of her I will give thee a son, whom I

will bless, and he shall become nations, and kings of people shall

spring from him.

17:17. Abraham fell upon his face, and laughed, saying in his heart:

Shall a son, thinkest thou, be born to him that is a hundred years old?

and shall Sara that is ninety years old bring forth?

17:18. And he said to God: O that Ismael may live before thee.

17:19. And God said to Abraham: Sara thy wife shall bear thee a son,

and thou shalt call his name Isaac, and I will establish my covenant

with him for a perpetual covenant, and with his seed after him.

17:20. And as for Ismael I have also heard thee. Behold, I will bless

him, and increase, and multiply him exceedingly: he shall beget twelve

chiefs, and I will make him a great nation.

17:21. But my covenant I will establish with Isaac, whom Sara shall

bring forth to thee at this time in the next year.

17:22. And when he had left off speaking with him, God went up from


17:23. And Abraham took Ismael his son, and all that were born in his

house: and all whom he had bought, every male among the men of his

house: and he circumcised the flesh of their foreskin forthwith the

very same day, as God had commanded him.

17:24. Abraham was ninety and nine years old, when he circumcised the

flesh of his foreskin.

17:25. And Ismael his son was full thirteen years old at the time of

his circumcision.

17:26. The self-same day was Abraham circumcised and Ismael his son.

17:27. And all the men of his house, as well they that were born in his

house, as the bought servants and strangers, were circumcised with him.

Genesis Chapter 18

Angels are entertained by Abraham. They foretell the birth of Isaac.

Abraham's prayer for the men of Sodom.

18:1. And the Lord appeared to him in the vale of Mambre as he was

sitting at the door of his tent, in the very heat of the day.

18:2. And when he had lifted up his eyes, there appeared to him three

men standing near to him: and as soon as he saw them, he ran to meet

them from the door of his tent, and adored down to the ground.

18:3. And he said: Lord, if I have found favour in thy sight, pass not

away from thy servant.

18:4. But I will fetch a little water, and wash ye your feet, and rest

ye under the tree.

18:5. And I will set a morsel of bread, and strengthen ye your heart,

afterwards you shall pass on: for therefore are you come aside to your

servant. And they said: Do as thou hast spoken.

18:6. Abraham made haste into the tent to Sara, and said to her: Make

haste, temper together three measures of flour, and make cakes upon the


18:7. And he himself ran to the herd, and took from thence a calf, very

tender and very good, and gave it to a young man, who made haste and

boiled it.

18:8. He took also butter and milk, and the calf which he had boiled,

and set before them: but he stood by them under the tree.

18:9. And when they had eaten, they said to him: Where is Sara thy

wife? He answered: Lo she is in the tent.

18:10. And he said to him: I will return and come to thee at this time,

life accompanying, and Sara, thy wife, shall have a son. Which when

Sara heard, she laughed behind the door of the tent.

18:11. Now they were both old, and far advanced in years, and it had

ceased to be with Sara after the manner of women.

18:12. And she laughed secretly, saying: After I am grown old, and my

lord is an old man, shall I give myself to pleasure?

18:13. And the Lord said to Abraham: Why did Sara laugh, saying: Shall

I, who am an old woman, bear a child indeed?

18:14. Is there any thing hard to God? According to appointment I will

return to thee at this same time, life accompanying, and Sara shall

have a son.

18:15. Sara denied, saying: I did not laugh: for she was afraid. But

the Lord said: Nay; but thou didst laugh.

18:16. And when the men rose up from thence, they turned their eyes

towards Sodom: and Abraham walked with them, bringing them on the way.

18:17. And the Lord said: Can I hide from Abraham what I am about to


18:18. Seeing he shall become a great and mighty nation, and in him all

the nations of the earth shall be blessed?

18:19. For I know that he will command his children, and his household

after him, to keep the way of the Lord, and do judgment and justice:

that for Abraham's sake, the Lord may bring to effect all the things he

hath spoken unto him.

18:20. And the Lord said: The cry of Sodom and Gomorrha is multiplied,

and their sin is become exceedingly grievous.

18:21. I will go down and see whether they have done according to the

cry that is come to me; or whether it be not so, that I may know.

I will go down, etc. . .The Lord here accommodates his discourse to the

way of speaking and acting amongst men; for he knoweth all things, and

needeth not to go anywhere for information. Note here, that two of the

three angels went away immediately for Sodom; whilst the third, who

represented the Lord, remained with Abraham.

18:22. And they turned themselves from thence, and went their way to

Sodom: but Abraham as yet stood before the Lord.

18:23. And drawing nigh, he said: Wilt thou destroy the just with the


18:24. If there be fifty just men in the city, shall they perish

withal? and wilt thou not spare that place for the sake of the fifty

just, if they be therein?

18:25. Far be it from thee to do this thing, and to slay the just with

the wicked, and for the just to be in like case as the wicked; this is

not beseeming thee: thou who judgest all the earth, wilt not make this


18:26. And the Lord said to him: If I find in Sodom fifty just within

the city, I will spare the whole place for their sake.

18:27. And Abraham answered, and said: Seeing I have once begun, I will

speak to my Lord, whereas I am dust and ashes.

18:28. What if there be five less than fifty just persons? wilt thou

for five and forty destroy the whole city: And he said: I will not

destroy it, if I find five and forty.

18:29. And again he said to him: But if forty be found there, what wilt

thou do? He said: I will not destroy it for the sake of forty.

18:30. Lord, saith he, be not angry, I beseech thee, if I speak: What

if thirty shall be found there? He answered: I will not do it, if I

find thirty there.

18:31. Seeing, saith he, I have once begun, I will speak to my Lord:

What if twenty be found there? He said: I will not destroy it for the

sake of twenty.

18:32. I beseech thee, saith he, be not angry, Lord, if I speak yet

once more: What if ten shall be found there? And he said: I will not

destroy it for the sake of ten.

18:33. And the Lord departed, after he had left speaking to Abraham:

and Abraham returned to his place.

Genesis Chapter 19

Lot, entertaining Angels in his house, is delivered from Sodom, which

is destroyed: his wife for looking back is turned into a statue of


19:1. And the two angels came to Sodom in the evening, and Lot was

sitting in the gate of the city. And seeing them, he rose up and went

to meet them: and worshipped prostrate to the ground.

19:2. And said: I beseech you, my lords, turn in to the house of your

servant, and lodge there: wash your feet, and in the morning you shall

go on your way. And they said: No, but we will abide in the street.

19:3. He pressed them very much to turn in unto him: and when they were

come into his house, he made them a feast, and baked unleavened bread,

and they ate:

19:4. But before they went to bed, the men of the city beset the house,

both young and old, all the people together.

19:5. And they called Lot, and said to him: Where are the men that came

in to thee at night? bring them out hither, that we may know them:

19:6. Lot went out to them, and shut the door after him, and said:

19:7. Do not so, I beseech you, my brethren, do not commit this evil.

19:8. I have two daughters who, as yet, have not known man; I will

bring them out to you, and abuse you them as it shall please you, so

that you do no evil to these men, because they are come in under the

shadow of my roof.

19:9. But they said: Get thee back thither. And again: Thou camest in,

said they, as a stranger, was it to be a judge? therefore we will

afflict thee more than them. And they pressed very violently upon Lot:

and they were even at the point of breaking open the doors.

19:10. And behold the men put out their hand, and drew in Lot unto

them, and shut the door.

19:11. And them, that were without, they struck with blindness from the

least to the greatest, so that they could not find the door.

19:12. And they said to Lot: Hast thou here any of thine? son in law,

or sons, or daughters, all that are thine bring them out of this city:

19:13. For we will destroy this place, because their cry is grown loud

before the Lord, who hath sent us to destroy them.

19:14. So Lot went out, and spoke to his sons in law that were to have

his daughters, and said: Arise: get you out of this place, because the

Lord will destroy this city. And he seemed to them to speak as it were

in jest.

19:15. And when it was morning, the angels pressed him, saying: Arise,

take thy wife, and the two daughters that thou hast: lest thou also

perish in the wickedness of the city.

19:16. And as he lingered, they took his hand, and the hand of his

wife, and of his two daughters, because the Lord spared him.

19:17. And they brought him forth, and set him without the city: and

there they spoke to him, saying: Save thy life: look not back, neither

stay thou in all the country about: but save thy self in the mountain,

lest thou be also consumed.

19:18. And Lot said to them: I beseech thee, my Lord,

19:19. Because thy servant hath found grace before thee, and thou hast

magnified thy mercy, which thou hast shewn to me, in saving my life,

and I cannot escape to the mountain, lest some evil seize me, and I


19:20. There is this city here at hand, to which I may flee, it is a

little one, and I shall be saved in it: is it not a little one, and my

soul shall live?

19:21. And he said to him: Behold also in this, I have heard thy

prayers, not to destroy the city for which thou hast spoken.

19:22. Make haste, and be saved there: because I cannot do any thing

till thou go in thither. Therefore the name of that city was called


Segor. . .That is, a little one.

19:23. The sun was risen upon the earth, and Lot entered into Segor.

19:24. And the Lord rained upon Sodom and Gomorrha brimstone and fire

from the Lord out of heaven.

19:25. And he destroyed these cities, and all the country about, all

the inhabitants of the cities, and all things that spring from the


19:26. And his wife looking behind her, was turned into a statue of


And his wife. . .As a standing memorial to the servants of God to

proceed in virtue, and not to look back to vice or its allurements.

19:27. And Abraham got up early in the morning, and in the place where

he had stood before with the Lord:

19:28. He looked towards Sodom and Gomorrha, and the whole land of that

country: and he saw the ashes rise up from the earth as the smoke of a


19:29. Now when God destroyed the cities of that country, remembering

Abraham, he delivered Lot out of the destruction of the cities wherein

he had dwelt.

19:30. And Lot went up out of Segor, and abode in the mountain, and his

two daughters with him (for he was afraid to stay in Segor) and he

dwelt in a cave, he and his two daughters with him.

19:31. And the elder said to the younger: Our father is old, and there

is no man left on the earth, to come in unto us after the manner of the

whole earth.

19:32. Come, let us make him drunk with wine, and let us lie with him,

that we may preserve seed of our father.

19:33. And they made their father drink wine that night: and the elder

went in, and lay with her father: but he perceived not, neither when

his daughter lay down, nor when she rose up.

19:34. And the next day the elder said to the younger: Behold I lay

last night with my father, let us make him drink wine also to night,

and thou shalt lie with him, that we may save seed of our father.

19:35. They made their father drink wine that night also, and the

younger daughter went in, and lay with him: and neither then did he

perceive when she lay down, nor when she rose up.

19:36. So the two daughters of Lot were with child by their father.

19:37. And the elder bore a son, and she called his name Moab: he is

the father of the Moabites unto this day.

19:38. The younger also bore a son, and she called his name Ammon; that

is, the son of my people: he is the father of the Ammonites unto this


Genesis Chapter 20

Abraham sojourned in Gerara: Sara is taken into king Abimelech's house,

but by God's commandment is restored untouched.

20:1. Abraham removed from thence to the south country, and dwelt

between Cades and Sur, and sojourned in Gerara.

20:2. And he said of Sara his wife: She is my sister. So Abimelech the

king of Gerara sent, and took her.

20:3. And God came to Abimelech in a dream by night, and he said to

him: Lo thou shalt die for the woman that thou hast taken: for she hath

a husband.

20:4. Now Abimelech had not touched her, and he said: Lord, wilt thou

slay a nation that is ignorant and just?

20:5. Did not he say to me: She is my sister: and she say, He is my

brother? in the simplicity of my heart, and cleanness of my hands have

I done this.

20:6. And God said to him: And I know that thou didst it with a sincere

heart: and therefore I withheld thee from sinning against me, and I

suffered thee not to touch her.

20:7. Now therefore restore the man his wife, for he is a prophet: and

he shall pray for thee, and thou shalt live: but if thou wilt not

restore her, know that thou shalt surely die, thou and all that are


20:8. And Abimelech forthwith rising up in the night, called all his

servants: and spoke all these words in their hearing, and all the men

were exceedingly afraid.

20:9. And Abimelech called also for Abraham, and said to him: What hast

thou done to us? what have we offended thee in, that thou hast brought

upon me and upon my kingdom a great sin? thou hast done to us what thou

oughtest not to do.

20:10. And again he expostulated with him, and said: What sawest thou,

that thou hast done this?

20:11. Abraham answered: I thought with myself, saying: Perhaps there

is not the fear of God in this place: and they will kill me for the

sake of my wife:

20:12. Howbeit, otherwise also she is truly my sister, the daughter of

my father, and not the daughter of my mother, and I took her to wife.

20:13. And after God brought me out of my father's house, I said to

her: Thou shalt do me this kindness: In every place, to which we shall

come, thou shalt say that I am thy brother.

20:14. And Abimelech took sheep and oxen, and servants and handmaids,

and gave to Abraham: and restored to him Sara his wife,

20:15. And said: The land is before you, dwell wheresoever it shall

please thee.

20:16. And to Sara he said: Behold I have given thy brother a thousand

pieces of silver, this shall serve thee for a covering of thy eyes to

all that are with thee, and whithersoever thou shalt go: and remember

thou wast taken.

20:17. And when Abraham prayed, God healed Abimelech and his wife, and

his handmaids, and they bore children:

20:18. For the Lord had closed up every womb of the house of Abimelech,

on account of Sara, Abraham's wife.

Genesis Chapter 21

Isaac is born. Agar and Ismael are cast forth.

21:1. And the Lord visited Sara, as he had promised: and fulfilled what

he had spoken.

21:2. And she conceived and bore a son in her old age, at the time that

God had foretold her.

21:3. And Abraham called the name of his son, whom Sara bore him,


Isaac. . .This word signifies laughter.

21:4. And he circumcised him the eighth day, as God had commanded him,

21:5. When he was a hundred years old: for at this age of his father,

was Isaac born.

21:6. And Sara said: God hath made a laughter for me: whosoever shall

hear of it will laugh with me.

21:7. And again she said: Who would believe that Abraham should hear

that Sara gave suck to a son, whom she bore to him in his old age?

21:8. And the child grew, and was weaned: and Abraham made a great

feast on the day of his weaning.

21:9. And when Sara had seen the son of Agar, the Egyptian, playing

with Isaac, her son, she said to Abraham:

21:10. Cast out this bondwoman and her son; for the son of the

bondwoman shall not be heir with my son Isaac.

21:11. Abraham took this grievously for his son.

21:12. And God said to him: Let it not seem grievous to thee for the

boy, and for thy bondwoman: in all that Sara hath said to thee, hearken

to her voice: for in Isaac shall thy seed be called.

21:13. But I will make the son also of the bondwoman a great nation,

because he is thy seed.

21:14. So Abraham rose up in the morning, and taking bread and a bottle

of water, put it upon her shoulder, and delivered the boy, and sent her

away. And she departed, and wandered in the wilderness of Bersabee.

21:15. And when the water in the bottle was spent, she cast the boy

under one of the trees that were there.

21:16. And she went her way, and sat over against him a great way off,

as far as a bow can carry, for she said: I will not see the boy die:

and sitting over against, she lifted up her voice and wept.

21:17. And God heard the voice of the boy: and an angel of God called

to Agar from heaven, saying: What art thou doing, Agar? fear not; for

God hath heard the voice of the boy, from the place wherein he is.

21:18. Arise, take up the boy, and hold him by the hand, for I will

make him a great nation.

21:19. And God opened her eyes: and she saw a well of water, and went

and filled the bottle, and gave the boy to drink.

21:20. And God was with him: and he grew, and dwelt in the wilderness,

and became a young man, an archer.

21:21. And he dwelt in the wilderness of Pharan, and his mother took a

wife for him out of the land of Egypt.

21:22. At the same time Abimelech, and Phicol the general of his army,

said to Abraham: God is with thee in all that thou dost.

21:23. Swear therefore by God, that thou wilt not hurt me, nor my

posterity, nor my stock: but according to the kindness that I have done

to thee, thou shalt do to me, and to the land wherein thou hast lived a


21:24. And Abraham said: I will swear.

21:25. And he reproved Abimelech for a well of water, which his

servants had taken away by force.

21:26. And Abimelech answered: I knew not who did this thing: and thou

didst not tell me, and I heard not of it till today.

21:27. Then Abraham took sheep and oxen, and gave them to Abimelech:

and both of them made a league.

21:28. And Abraham set apart seven ewelambs of the flock.

21:29. And Abimelech said to him: What mean these seven ewelambs which

thou hast set apart?

21:30. But he said: Thou shalt take seven ewelambs at my hand: that

they may be a testimony for me, that I dug this well.

21:31. Therefore that place was called Bersabee; because there both of

them did swear.

Bersabee. . .That is, the well of oath.

21:32. And they made a league for the well of oath.

21:33. And Abimelech and Phicol, the general of his army, arose and

returned to the land of the Palestines. But Abraham planted a grove in

Bersabee, and there called upon the name of the Lord God eternal.

21:34. And he was a sojourner in the land of the Palestines many days.

Genesis Chapter 22

The faith and obedience of Abraham is proved in his readiness to

sacrifice his son Isaac. He is stayed from the act by an angel. Former

promises are renewed to him. His brother Nachor's issue.

22:1. After these things, God tempted Abraham, and said to him:

Abraham, Abraham. And he answered: Here I am.

God tempted, etc. . .God tempteth no man to evil, James 1.13; but by

trial and experiment maketh known to the world, and to ourselves, what

we are, as here by this trial the singular faith and obedience of

Abraham was made manifest.

22:2. He said to him: Take thy only begotten son Isaac, whom thou

lovest, and go into the land of vision; and there thou shalt offer him

for an holocaust upon one of the mountains which I will shew thee.

22:3. So Abraham rising up in the night, saddled his ass, and took with

him two young men, and Isaac his son: and when he had cut wood for the

holocaust, he went his way to the place which God had commanded him.

22:4. And on the third day, lifting up his eyes, he saw the place afar


22:5. And he said to his young men: Stay you here with the ass; I and

the boy will go with speed as far as yonder, and after we have

worshipped, will return to you.

22:6. And he took the wood for the holocaust, and laid it upon Isaac

his son; and he himself carried in his hands fire and a sword. And as

they two went on together,

22:7. Isaac said to his father: My father. And he answered: What wilt

thou, son? Behold, saith he, fire and wood: where is the victim for the


22:8. And Abraham said: God will provide himself a victim for an

holocaust, my son. So they went on together.

22:9. And they came to the place which God had shewn him, where he

built an altar, and laid the wood in order upon it; and when he had

bound Isaac his son, he laid him on the altar upon the pile of wood.

22:10. And he put forth his hand, and took the sword, to sacrifice his


22:11. And behold, an angel of the Lord from heaven called to him,

saying: Abraham, Abraham. And he answered: Here I am.

22:12. And he said to him: Lay not thy hand upon the boy, neither do

thou any thing to him: now I know that thou fearest God, and hast not

spared thy only begotten son for my sake.

22:13. Abraham lifted up his eyes, and saw behind his back a ram,

amongst the briers, sticking fast by the horns, which he took and

offered for a holocaust instead of his son.

22:14. And he called the name of that place, The Lord seeth. Whereupon,

even to this day, it is said: In the mountain the Lord will see.

22:15. And the angel of the Lord called to Abraham a second time from

heaven, saying:

22:16. By my own self have I sworn, saith the Lord: because thou hast

done this thing, and hast not spared thy only begotten son for my sake:

22:17. I will bless thee, and I will multiply thy seed as the stars of

heaven, and as the sand that is by the sea shore; thy seed shall

possess the gates of their enemies.

22:18. And in thy seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed,

because thou hast obeyed my voice.

22:19. Abraham returned to his young men, and they went to Bersabee

together, and he dwelt there.

22:20. After these things, it was told Abraham, that Melcha also had

borne children to Nachor his brother.

22:21. Hus, the firstborn, and Buz, his brother, and Camuel the father

of the Syrians,

22:22. And Cased, and Azau, and Pheldas, and Jedlaph,

22:23. And Bathuel, of whom was born Rebecca: these eight did Melcha

bear to Nachor, Abraham's brother.

22:24. And his concubine, named Roma, bore Tabee, and Gaham, and Tahas,

and Maacha.

Genesis Chapter 23

Sara's death and burial in the field bought of Ephron.

23:1. And Sara lived a hundred and twenty-seven years.

23:2. And she died in the city of Arbee which is Hebron, in the land of

Chanaan: and Abraham came to mourn and weep for her.

23:3. And after he rose up from the funeral obsequies, he spoke to the

children of Heth, saying:

23:4. I am a stranger and sojourner among you: give me the right of a

burying place with you, that I may bury my dead.

23:5. The children of Heth answered, saying:

23:6. My lord, hear us, thou art a prince of God among us: bury thy

dead in our principal sepulchres: and no man shall have power to hinder

thee from burying thy dead in his sepulchre.

23:7. Abraham rose up, and bowed down to the people of the land, to

wit, the children of Heth:

Bowed down to the people. . .Adoravit, literally adored. But this word

here, as well as in many other places in the Latin scriptures, is used

to signify only an inferior honour and reverence paid to men, expressed

by a bowing down of the body.

23:8. And said to them: If it please your soul that I should bury my

dead, hear me, and intercede for me to Ephron the son of Seor.

23:9. That he may give me the double cave, which he hath in the end of

his field: For as much money as it is worth he shall give it me before

you, for a possession of a burying place.

23:10. Now Ephron dwelt in the midst of the children of Heth. And

Ephron made answer to Abraham in the hearing of all that went in at the

gate of the city, saying:

23:11. Let it not be so, my lord, but do thou rather hearken to what I

say: The field I deliver to thee, and the cave that is therein; in the

presence of the children of my people, bury thy dead.

23:12. Abraham bowed down before the people of the land.

23:13. And he spoke to Ephron, in the presence of the people: I beseech

thee to hear me: I will give money for the field; take it, and so will

I bury my dead in it.

23:14. And Ephron answered:

23:15. My lord, hear me. The ground which thou desirest, is worth four

hundred sicles of silver: this is the price between me and thee: but

what is this? bury thy dead.

23:16. And when Abraham had heard this, he weighed out the money that

Ephron had asked, in the hearing of the children of Heth, four hundred

sicles of silver, of common current money.

23:17. And the field that before was Ephron's, wherein was the double

cave, looking towards Mambre, both it and the cave, and all the trees

thereof, in all its limits round about,

23:18. Was made sure to Abraham for a possession, in the sight of the

children of Heth, and of all that went in at the gate of his city.

23:19. And so Abraham buried Sara, his wife, in the double cave of the

field, that looked towards Mambre, this is Hebron in the land of


23:20. And the field was made sure to Abraham, and the cave that was in

it, for a possession to bury in, by the children of Heth.

Genesis Chapter 24

Abraham's servant, sent by him into Mesopotamia, bringeth from thence

Rebecca, who is married to Isaac.

24:1. Now Abraham was old, and advanced in age; and the Lord had

blessed him in all things.

24:2. And he said to the elder servant of his house, who was ruler over

all he had: Put thy hand under my thigh,

24:3. That I may make thee swear by the Lord, the God of heaven and

earth, that thou take not a wife for my son, of the daughters of the

Chanaanites, among whom I dwell:

24:4. But that thou go to my own country and kindred, and take a wife

from thence for my son Isaac.

24:5. The servant answered: If the woman will not come with me into

this land, must I bring thy son back again to the place from whence

thou camest out?

24:6. And Abraham said: Beware thou never bring my son back again


24:7. The Lord God of heaven, who took me out of my father's house, and

out of my native country, who spoke to me, and swore to me, saying: To

thy seed will I give this land: he will send his angel before thee, and

thou shalt take from thence a wife for my son.

He will send his angel before thee. . .This shows that the Hebrews

believed that God gave them guardian angels for their protection.

24:8. But if the woman will not follow thee, thou shalt not be bound by

the oath: only bring not my son back thither again.

24:9. The servant, therefore, put his hand under the thigh of Abraham,

his lord, and swore to him upon his word.

24:10. And he took ten camels of his master's herd, and departed,

carrying something of all his goods with him, and he set forward and

went on to Mesopotamia, to the city of Nachor.

24:11. And when he had made the camels lie down without the town, near

a well of water, in the evening, at the time when women are wont to

come out to draw water, he said:

24:12. O Lord, the God of my master, Abraham, meet me today, I beseech

thee, and shew kindness to my master, Abraham.

24:13. Behold, I stand nigh the spring of water, and the daughters of

the inhabitants of this city will come out to draw water:

24:14. Now, therefore, the maid to whom I shall say: Let down thy

pitcher that I may drink: and she shall answer, Drink, and I will give

thy camels drink also: let it be the same whom thou hast provided for

thy servant Isaac: and by this, I shall understand that thou hast shewn

kindness to my master.

24:15. He had not yet ended these words within himself, and behold

Rebecca came out, the daughter of Bathuel, son of Melcha, wife to

Nachor the brother of Abraham, having a pitcher on her shoulder:

24:16. An exceeding comely maid, and a most beautiful virgin, and not

known to man: and she went down to the spring, and filled her pitcher,

and was coming back.

24:17. And the servant ran to meet her, and said: Give me a little

water to drink of thy pitcher.

24:18. And she answered: Drink, my lord. And quickly she let down the

pitcher upon her arm, and gave him drink.

24:19. And when he had drunk, she said: I will draw water for thy

camels also, till they all drink.

24:20. And pouring out the pitcher into the troughs, she ran back to

the well to draw water; and having drawn, she gave to all the camels.

24:21. But he musing, beheld her with silence, desirous to know whether

the Lord had made his journey prosperous or not.

24:22. And after that the camels had drunk, the man took out golden

earrings, weighing two sicles; and as many bracelets, of ten sicles


24:23. And he said to her: Whose daughter art thou? tell me: is there

any place in thy father's house to lodge?

24:24. And she answered: I am the daughter of Bathuel, the son of

Melcha, whom she bore to Nachor.

24:25. And she said, moreover, to him: We have good store of both straw

and hay, and a large place to lodge in.

24:26. The man bowed himself down, and adored the Lord,

24:27. Saying: Blessed be the Lord God of my master Abraham, who hath

not taken away his mercy and truth from my master, and hath brought me

the straight way into the house of my master's brother.

24:28. Then the maid ran, and told in her mother's house all that she

had heard.

24:29. And Rebecca had a brother, named Laban, who went out in haste to

the man, to the well.

24:30. And when he had seen the earrings and bracelets in his sister's

hands, and had heard all that she related, saying, Thus and thus the

man spoke to me: he came to the man who stood by the camels, and near

to the spring of water,

24:31. And said to him: Come in, thou blessed of the Lord; why standest

thou without? I have prepared the house, and a place for the camels.

24:32. And he brought him into his lodging; and he unharnessed the

camels, and gave straw and hay, and water to wash his feet, and the

feet of the men that were come with him.

24:33. And bread was set before him. But he said: I will not eat, till

I tell my message. He answered him: Speak.

24:34. And he said: I am the servant of Abraham:

24:35. And the Lord hath blessed my master wonderfully, and he is

become great: and he hath given him sheep and oxen, silver and gold,

men servants and women servants, camels and asses.

24:36. And Sara, my master's wife, hath borne my master a son in her

old age, and he hath given him all that he had.

24:37. And my master made me swear, saying: Thou shalt not take a wife

for my son of the Chanaanites, in whose land I dwell:

24:38. But thou shalt go to my father's house, and shalt take a wife of

my own kindred for my son:

24:39. But I answered my master: What if the woman will not come with


24:40. The Lord, said he, in whose sight I walk, will send his angel

with thee, and will direct thy way: and thou shalt take a wife for my

son of my own kindred, and of my father's house.

24:41. But thou shalt be clear from my curse, when thou shalt come to

my kindred, if they will not give thee one.

24:42. And I came today to the well of water, and said: O Lord God of

my master, Abraham, if thou hast prospered my way, wherein I now walk,

24:43. Behold, I stand by the well of water, and the virgin, that shall

come out to draw water, who shall hear me say: Give me a little water

to drink of thy pitcher:

24:44. And shall say to me: Both drink thou, and I will also draw for

thy camels: let the same be the woman, whom the Lord hath prepared for

my master's son.

24:45. And whilst I pondered these things secretly with myself, Rebecca

appeared, coming with a pitcher, which she carried on her shoulder: and

she went down to the well and drew water. And I said to her: Give me a

little to drink.

24:46. And she speedily let down the pitcher from her shoulder, and

said to me: Both drink thou, and to thy camels I will give drink. I

drank, and she watered the camels.

24:47. And I asked her, and said: Whose daughter art thou? And she

answered: I am the daughter of Bathuel, the son of Nachor, whom Melcha

bore to him. So I put earrings on her to adorn her face, and I put

bracelets on her hands.

24:48. And falling down, I adored the Lord, blessing the Lord God of my

master, Abraham, who hath brought me the straight way to take the

daughter of my master's brother for his son.

24:49. Wherefore, if you do according to mercy and truth with my

master, tell me: but if it please you otherwise, tell me that also,

that I may go to the right hand, or to the left.

24:50. And Laban and Bathuel answered: The word hath proceeded from the

Lord: we cannot speak any other thing to thee but his pleasure.

24:51. Behold, Rebecca is before thee, take her and go thy way, and let

her be the wife of thy master's son, as the Lord hath spoken.

24:52. Which when Abraham's servant heard, falling down to the ground,

he adored the Lord.

24:53. And bringing forth vessels of silver and gold, and garments, he

gave them to Rebecca, for a present. He offered gifts also to her

brothers, and to her mother.

24:54. And a banquet was made, and they ate and drank together, and

lodged there. And in the morning, the servant arose, and said: Let me

depart, that I may go to my master.

24:55. And her brother and mother answered: Let the maid stay, at

least, ten days with us, and afterwards she shall depart.

24:56. Stay me not, said he, because the Lord hath prospered my way:

send me away, that I may go to my master.

24:57. And they said: Let us call the maid, and ask her will.

Let us call the maid, and ask her will. . .Not as to her marriage, as

she had already consented, but of her quitting her parents and going to

her husband.

24:58. And they called her, and when she was come, they asked: Wilt

thou go with this man? She said: I will go.

24:59. So they sent her away, and her nurse, and Abraham's servant, and

his company.

24:60. Wishing prosperity to their sister, and saying: Thou art our

sister, mayst thou increase to thousands of thousands; and may thy seed

possess the gates of their enemies.

24:61. So Rebecca and her maids, being set upon camels, followed the

man: who with speed returned to his master.

24:62. At the same time, Isaac was walking along the way to the well

which is called Of the living and the seeing: for he dwelt in the south


24:63. And he was gone forth to meditate in the field, the day being

now well spent: and when he had lifted up his eyes, he saw camels

coming afar off.

24:64. Rebecca also, when she saw Isaac, lighted off the camel,

24:65. And said to the servant: Who is that man who cometh towards us

along the field? And he said to her: That man is my master. But she

quickly took her cloak, and covered herself.

24:66. And the servant told Isaac all that he had done.

24:67. Who brought her into the tent of Sara his mother, and took her

to wife: and he loved her so much, that it moderated the sorrow which

was occasioned by his mother's death.

Genesis Chapter 25

Abraham's children by Cetura; his death and that of Ismael. Isaac hath

Esau and Jacob twins. Esau selleth his first birthright to Jacob.

25:1. And Abraham married another wife named Cetura:

25:2. Who bore him Zamram, and Jecsan, and Madan, and Madian, and

Jesboc, and Sue.

25:3. Jecsan also begot Saba, and Dadan. The children of Dadan were

Assurim, and Latusim, and Loomim.

25:4. But of Madian was born Epha, and Opher, and Henoch, and Abida,

and Eldaa: all these were the children of Cetura.

25:5. And Abraham gave all his possessions to Isaac:

25:6. And to the children of the concubines he gave gifts, and

separated them from Isaac his son, while he yet lived, to the east


Concubines. . .Agar and Cetura are here called concubines, (though they

were lawful wives, and in other places are so called,) because they

were of an inferior degree, and such in scripture are usually called


25:7. And the days of Abraham's life were a hundred and seventy-five


25:8. And decaying he died in a good old age, and having lived a long

time, and being full of days: and was gathered to his people.

25:9. And Isaac and Ismael his sons buried him in the double cave,

which was situated in the field of Ephron the son of Seor the Hethite,

over against Mambre,

25:10. Which he had bought of the children of Heth: there was he

buried, and Sara his wife.

25:11. And after his death, God blessed Isaac his son, who dwelt by the

well named Of the living and seeing.

25:12. These are the generations of Ismael the son of Abraham, whom

Agar the Egyptian, Sara's servant, bore unto him:

25:13. And these are the names of his children according to their

calling and generations. The firstborn of Ismael was Nabajoth, then

Cedar, and Adbeel, and Mabsam,

25:14. And Masma, and Duma, and Massa,

25:15. Hadar, and Thema, and Jethur, and Naphis, and Cedma.

25:16. These are the sons of Ismael: and these are their names by their

castles and towns, twelve princes of their tribes.

25:17. And the years of Ismael's life were a hundred and thirty-seven,

and decaying he died, and was gathered unto his people.

25:18. And he dwelt from Hevila as far as Sur, which looketh towards

Egypt, to them that go towards the Assyrians. He died in the presence

of all his brethren.

25:19. These also are the generations of Isaac the son of Abraham:

Abraham begot Isaac:

25:20. Who when he was forty years old, took to wife Rebecca the

daughter of Bathuel the Syrian of Mesopotamia, sister to Laban.

25:21. And Isaac besought the Lord for his wife, because she was

barren: and he heard him, and made Rebecca to conceive.

25:22. But the children struggled in her womb, and she said: If it were

to be so with me, what need was there to conceive? And she went to

consult the Lord.

25:23. And he answering, said: Two nations are in thy womb, and two

peoples shall be divided out of thy womb, and one people shall overcome

the other, and the elder shall serve the younger.

25:24. And when her time was come to be delivered, behold twins were

found in her womb.

25:25. He that came forth first was red, and hairy like a skin: and his

name was called Esau. Immediately the other coming forth, held his

brother's foot in his hand: and therefore he was called Jacob.

25:26. Isaac was threescore years old when the children were born unto


25:27. And when they were grown up, Esau became a skilful hunter, and a

husbandman: but Jacob, a plain man, dwelt in tents.

25:28. Isaac loved Esau, because he ate of his hunting: and Rebecca

loved Jacob.

25:29. And Jacob boiled pottage: to whom Esau, coming faint out of the


25:30. Said: Give me of this red pottage, for I am exceeding faint. For

which reason his name was called Edom.

25:31. And Jacob said to him: Sell me thy first birthright.

25:32. He answered: Lo I die, what will the first birthright avail me?

25:33. Jacob said: Swear therefore to me. Esau swore to him, and sold

his first birthright.

25:34. And so taking bread and the pottage of lentils, he ate, and

drank, and went on his way; making little account of having sold his

first birthright.

Genesis Chapter 26

Isaac sojourneth in Gerara, where God reneweth to him the promise made

to Abraham. King Abimelech maketh league with him.

26:1. And when a famine came in the land, after that barrenness which

had happened in the days of Abraham, Isaac went to Abimelech, king of

the Palestines, to Gerara.

26:2. And the Lord appeared to him, and said: Go not down into Egypt,

but stay in the land that I shall tell thee.

26:3. And sojourn in it, and I will be with thee, and will bless thee:

for to thee and to thy seed I will give all these countries, to fulfil

the oath which I swore to Abraham thy father.

26:4. And I will multiply thy seed like the stars of heaven: and I will

give to thy posterity all these countries: and in thy seed shall all

the nations of the earth be blessed.

26:5. Because Abraham obeyed my voice, and kept my precepts and

commandments, and observed my ceremonies and laws.

26:6. So Isaac abode in Gerara.

26:7. And when he was asked by the men of that place, concerning his

wife, he answered: She is my sister: for he was afraid to confess that

she was his wife, thinking lest perhaps they would kill him because of

her beauty.

26:8. And when very many days were passed, and he abode there,

Abimelech, king of the Palestines, looking out through a window, saw

him playing with Rebecca, his wife.

26:9. And calling for him, he said: It is evident she is thy wife: why

didst thou feign her to be thy sister? He answered: I feared lest I

should die for her sake.

26:10. And Abimelech said: Why hast thou deceived us? Some man of the

people might have lain with thy wife, and thou hadst brought upon us a

great sin. And he commanded all the people, saying:

26:11. He that shall touch this man's wife, shall surely be put to


26:12. And Isaac sowed in that land, and he found that same year a

hundredfold: and the Lord blessed him.

26:13. And the man was enriched, and he went on prospering and

increasing, till he became exceeding great.

26:14. And he had possessions of sheep and of herds, and a very great

family. Wherefore the Palestines envying him,

26:15. Stopped up at that time all the wells, that the servants of his

father, Abraham, had digged, filling them up with earth:

26:16. Insomuch that Abimelech himself said to Isaac: Depart from us,

for thou art become much mightier than we.

26:17. So he departed, and came to the torrent of Gerara, to dwell


26:18. And he digged again other wells, which the servants of his

father, Abraham, had digged, and which, after his death, the

Philistines had of old stopped up: and he called them by the same

names, by which his father before had called them.

26:19. And they digged in the torrent, and found living water:

Torrent. . .That is, a channel where sometimes a torrent or violent

stream had run.

26:20. But there also the herdsmen of Gerara strove against the

herdsmen of Isaac, saying: It is our water. Wherefore he called the

name of the well, on occasion of that which had happened, Calumny.

26:21. And they digged also another; and for that they quarrelled

likewise, and he called the name of it, Enmity.

26:22. Going forward from thence, he digged another well, for which

they contended not; therefore he called the name thereof, Latitude,

saying: Now hath the Lord given us room, and made us to increase upon

the earth.

Latitude. . .That is, wideness, or room.

26:23. And he went up from that place to Bersabee,

26:24. Where the Lord appeared to him that same night, saying: I am the

God of Abraham thy father, do not fear, for I am with thee: I will

bless thee, and multiply thy seed for my servant Abraham's sake.

26:25. And he built there an altar: and called upon the name of the

Lord, and pitched his tent; and commanded his servants to dig a well.

26:26. To which place when Abimelech, and Ochozath his friend, and

Phicol chief captain of his soldiers, came from Gerara,

26:27. Isaac said to them: Why are ye come to me, a man whom you hate,

and have thrust out from you?

26:28. And they answered: We saw that the Lord is with thee, and

therefore we said: Let there be an oath between us, and let us make a


26:29. That thou do us no harm, as we on our part have touched nothing

of thine, nor have done any thing to hurt thee; but with peace have

sent thee away, increased with the blessing of the Lord.

26:30. And he made them a feast, and after they had eaten and drunk:

26:31. Arising in the morning, they swore one to another: and Isaac

sent them away peaceably to their own home.

26:32. And behold, the same day the servants of Isaac came, telling him

of a well which they had digged, and saying: We have found water.

26:33. Whereupon he called it Abundance: and the name of the city was

called Bersabee, even to this day.

26:34. And Esau being forty years old, married wives, Judith, the

daughter of Beeri, the Hethite, and Basemath, the daughter of Elon, of

the same place.

26:35. And they both offended the mind of Isaac and Rebecca.

Genesis Chapter 27

Jacob, by him mother's counsel, obtaineth his father's blessing instead

of Esau. And by her is advised to fly to his uncle Laban.

27:1. Now Isaac was old, and his eyes were dim, and he could not see:

and he called Esau, his elder son, and said to him: My son? And he

answered: Here I am.

27:2. And his father said to him, Thou seest that I am old, and know

not the day of my death.

27:3. Take thy arms, thy quiver, and bow, and go abroad; and when thou

hast taken something by hunting,

27:4. Make me a savoury meat thereof, as thou knowest I like, and bring

it that I may eat: and my soul may bless thee, before I die.

27:5. And when Rebecca had heard this, and he was gone into the field

to fulfil his father's commandment,

27:6. She said to her son Jacob: I heard thy father talking with Esau,

thy brother, and saying to him:

27:7. Bring me of thy hunting, and make me meats that I may eat, and

bless thee in the sight of the Lord, before I die.

27:8. Now therefore, my son, follow my counsel:

27:9. And go thy way to the flock, bring me two kids of the best, that

I may make of them meat for thy father, such as he gladly eateth.

27:10. Which when thou hast brought in, and he hath eaten, he may bless

thee before he die.

27:11. And he answered her: Thou knowest that Esau, my brother, is a

hairy man, and I am smooth:

27:12. If my father should feel me, and perceive it, I fear lest he

will think I would have mocked him, and I shall bring upon me a curse

instead of a blessing.

27:13. And his mother said to him: Upon me be this curse, my son: only

hear thou my voice, and go, fetch me the things which I have said.

27:14. He went, and brought, and gave them to his mother. She dressed

meats, such as she knew his father liked.

27:15. And she put on him very good garments of Esau, which she had at

home with her:

27:16. And the little skins of the kids she put about his hands, and

covered the bare of his neck.

27:17. And she gave him the savoury meat, and delivered him bread that

she had baked.

27:18. Which when he had carried in, he said: My father? But he

answered: I hear. Who art thou, my son?

27:19. And Jacob said: I am Esau, thy firstborn: I have done as thou

didst command me: arise, sit and eat of my venison, that thy soul may

bless me.

I am Esau thy firstborn. . .St. Augustine (L. Contra mendacium, c. 10),

treating at large upon this place, excuseth Jacob from a lie, because

this whole passage was mysterious, as relating to the preference which

was afterwards to be given to the Gentiles before the carnal Jews,

which Jacob by prophetic light might understand. So far is certain,

that the first birthright, both by divine election and by Esau's free

cession belonged to Jacob: so that if there were any lie in the case,

it could be no more than an officious and venial one.

27:20. And Isaac said to his son: How couldst thou find it so quickly,

my son? He answered: It was the will of God, that what I sought came

quickly in my way:

27:21. And Isaac said: Come hither, that I may feel thee, my son, and

may prove whether thou be my son Esau, or no.

27:22. He came near to his father, and when he had felt him, Isaac

said: The voice indeed is the voice of Jacob; but the hands, are the

hands of Esau.

27:23. And he knew him not, because his hairy hands made him like to

the elder. Then blessing him,

27:24. He said: Art thou my son Esau? He answered: I am.

27:25. Then he said: Bring me the meats of thy hunting, my son, that my

soul may bless thee. And when they were brought, and he had eaten, he

offered him wine also, which after he had drunk,

27:26. He said to him: Come near me, and give me a kiss, my son.

27:27. He came near, and kissed him. And immediately as he smelled the

fragrant smell of his garments, blessing him, he said: Behold, the

smell of my son is as the smell of a plentiful field, which the Lord

hath blessed.

27:28. God give thee of the dew of heaven, and of the fatness of the

earth, abundance of corn and wine.

27:29. And let peoples serve thee, and tribes worship thee: be thou

lord of thy brethren, and let thy mother's children bow down before

thee. Cursed be he that curseth thee: and let him that blesseth thee be

filled with blessings.

27:30. Isaac had scarce ended his words, when, Jacob being now gone out

abroad, Esau came,

27:31. And brought in to his father meats, made of what he had taken in

hunting, saying: Arise, my father, and eat of thy son's venison; that

thy soul may bless me.

27:32. And Isaac said to him: Why! who art thou? He answered: I am thy

firstborn son, Esau.

27:33. Isaac was struck with fear, and astonished exceedingly; and

wondering beyond what can be believed, said: Who is he then that even

now brought me venison that he had taken, and I ate of all before thou

camest? and I have blessed him, and he shall be blessed.

27:34. Esau having heard his father's words, roared out with a great

cry; and, being in a consternation, said: Bless me also, my father.

27:35. And he said: Thy brother came deceitfully and got thy blessing.

27:36. But he said again: Rightly is his name called Jacob; for he hath

supplanted me lo this second time: My birthright he took away before,

and now this second time he hath stolen away my blessing. And again he

said to his father: Hast thou not reserved me also a blessing?

Jacob. . .That is, a supplanter.

27:37. Isaac answered: I have appointed him thy lord, and have made all

his brethren his servants: I have established him with corn and wine,

and after this, what shall I do more for thee, my son?

27:38. And Esau said to him: Hast thou only one blessing, father? I

beseech thee bless me also. And when he wept with a loud cry,

27:39. Isaac being moved, said to him: In the fat of the earth, and in

the dew of heaven from above,

27:40. Shall thy blessing be. Thou shalt live by the sword, and shalt

serve thy brother: and the time shall come, when thou shalt shake off

and loose his yoke from thy neck.

27:41. Esau therefore always hated Jacob, for the blessing wherewith

his father had blessed him; and he said in his heart: The days will

come of the mourning for my father, and I will kill my brother Jacob.

27:42. These things were told to Rebecca: and she sent and called

Jacob, her son, and said to him: Behold Esau, thy brother, threateneth

to kill thee.

27:43. Now therefore, my son, hear my voice, arise and flee to Laban,

my brother, to Haran:

27:44. And thou shalt dwell with him a few days, till the wrath of thy

brother be assuaged,

27:45. And his indignation cease, and he forget the things thou hast

done to him: afterwards I will send, and bring thee from thence hither.

Why shall I be deprived of both my sons in one day?

27:46. And Rebecca said to Isaac: I am weary of my life, because of the

daughters of Heth: if Jacob take a wife of the stock of this land, I

choose not to live.

Genesis Chapter 28

Jacob's journey to Mesopotamia: his vision and vow.

28:1. And Isaac called Jacob, and blessed him, and charged him, saying:

Take not a wife of the stock of Chanaan:

28:2. But go, and take a journey to Mesopotamia of Syria, to the house

of Bathuel, thy mother's father, and take thee a wife thence of the

daughters of Laban, thy uncle.

28:3. And God almighty bless thee, and make thee to increase and

multiply thee: that thou mayst be a multitude of people.

28:4. And give the blessings of Araham to thee, and to thy seed after

thee: that thou mayst possess the land of thy sojournment, which he

promised to thy grandfather.

28:5. And when Isaac had sent him away, he took his journey and went to

Mesopotamia of Syria, to Laban, the son of Bathuel, the Syrian, brother

to Rebecca, his mother.

28:6. And Esau seeing that his father had blessed Jacob, and had sent

him into Mesopotamia of Syria, to marry a wife thence; and that after

the blessing he had charged him, saying: Thou shalt not take a wife of

the daughters of Chanaan:

28:7. And that Jacob obeying his parents, was gone into Syria:

28:8. Experiencing also, that his father was not well pleased with the

daughters of Chanaan:

28:9. He went to Ismael, and took to wife, besides them he had before,

Maheleth, the daughter of Ismael, Abraham's son, the sister of


28:10. But Jacob being departed from Bersabee, went on to Haran.

28:11. And when he was come to a certain place, and would rest in it

after sunset, he took of the stones that lay there, and putting under

his head, slept in the same place.

28:12. And he saw in his sleep a ladder standing upon the earth, and

the top thereof touching heaven: the angels also of God ascending and

descending by it.

28:13. And the Lord leaning upon the ladder saying to him: I am the

Lord God of Abraham thy father, and the God of Isaac: The land, wherein

thou sleepest, I will give to thee and to thy seed.

28:14. And thy seed shall be as the dust of the earth: thou shalt

spread abroad to the west, and to the east, and to the north, and to

the south: and IN THEE and thy seed, all the tribes of the earth SHALL


28:15. And I will be thy keeper whithersoever thou goest, and will

bring thee back into this land: neither will I leave thee, till I shall

have accomplished all that I have said.

28:16. And when Jacob awaked out of sleep, he said: Indeed the Lord is

in this place, and I knew it not.

28:17. And trembling, he said: How terrible is this place? this is no

other but the house of God, and the gate of heaven.

28:18. And Jacob arising in the morning, took the stone which he had

laid under his head, and set it up for a title, pouring oil upon the

top of it.

28:19. And he called the name of the city Bethel, which before was

called Luza.

Bethel. . .This name signifies the house of God.

28:20. And he made a vow, saying: If God shall be with me, and shall

keep me in the way, by which I walk, and shall give me bread to eat,

and raiment to put on,

28:21. And I shall return prosperously to my father's house: the Lord

shall be my God:

28:22. And this stone, which I have set up for a title, shall be called

the house of God: and of all things that thou shalt give to me, I will

offer tithes to thee.

Genesis Chapter 29

Jacob serveth Laban seven years for Rachel: but is deceived with Lia:

he afterwards marrieth Rachel. Lia bears him four sons.

29:1. Then Jacob went on in his journey, and came into the east


29:2. And he saw a well in the field, and three flocks of sheep lying

by it: for the beasts were watered out of it, and the mouth thereof was

closed with a great stone.

29:3. And the custom was, when all the sheep were gathered together, to

roll away the stone, and after the sheep were watered, to put it on the

mouth of the well again.

29:4. And he said to the shepherds: Brethren, whence are you? They

answered: Of Haran.

29:5. And he asked them, saying: Know you Laban, the son of Nachor?

They said: We know him.

29:6. He said: Is he in health? He is in health, say they: and behold,

Rachel, his daughter, cometh with his flock.

29:7. And Jacob said: There is yet much day remaining, neither is it

time to bring the flocks into the folds again: first give the sheep

drink, and so lead them back to feed.

29:8. They answered: We cannot, till all the cattle be gathered

together, and we remove the stone from the well's mouth, that we may

water the flocks.

29:9. They were yet speaking, and behold Rachel came with her father's

sheep; for she fed the flock.

29:10. And when Jacob saw her, and knew her to be his cousin german,

and that they were the sheep of Laban, his uncle: he removed the stone

wherewith the well was closed.

29:11. And having watered the flock, he kissed her: and lifting up his

voice wept.

29:12. And he told her that he was her father's brother, and the son of

Rebecca: but she went in haste and told her father.

29:13. Who, when he heard that Jacob his sister's son was come, ran

forth to meet him: and embracing him, and heartily kissing him, brought

him into his house. And when he had heard the causes of his journey,

29:14. He answered: Thou art my bone and my flesh. And after the days

of one month were expired,

29:15. He said to him: Because thou art my brother, shalt thou serve me

without wages? Tell me what wages thou wilt have.

29:16. Now he had two daughters, the name of the elder was Lia; and the

younger was called Rachel.

29:17. But Lia was blear-eyed: Rachel was well favoured, and of a

beautiful countenance.

29:18. And Jacob being in love with her, said: I will serve thee seven

years for Rachel, thy younger daughter.

29:19. Laban answered: It is better that I give her to thee than to

another man; stay with me.

29:20. So Jacob served seven years for Rachel: and they seemed but a

few days, because of the greatness of his love.

29:21. And he said to Laban: Give me my wife; for now the time is

fulfilled, that I may go in unto her.

29:22. And he, having invited a great number of his friends to the

feast, made the marriage.

29:23. And at night he brought in Lia, his daughter, to him,

29:24. Giving his daughter a handmaid, named Zelpha. Now when Jacob had

gone in to her according to custom, when morning was come he saw it was


29:25. And he said to his father-in-law: What is it that thou didst

mean to do? did not I serve thee for Rachel? why hast thou deceived me?

29:26. Laban answered: It is not the custom in this place, to give the

younger in marriage first.

29:27. Make up the week of days of this match: and I will give thee her

also, for the service that thou shalt render me other seven years.

29:28. He yielded to his pleasure: and after the week was past, he

married Rachel:

29:29. To whom her father gave Bala, for her servant.

29:30. And having at length obtained the marriage he wished for, he

preferred the love of the latter before the former, and served with him

other seven years.

29:31. And the Lord seeing that he despised Lia, opened her womb, but

her sister remained barren.

29:32. And she conceived and bore a son, and called his name Ruben,

saying: The Lord saw my affliction: now my husband will love me.

29:33. And again she conceived and bore a son, and said: Because the

Lord heard that I was despised, he hath given this also to me: and she

called his name Simeon.

29:34. And she conceived the third time, and bore another son, and

said: Now also my husband will be joined to me, because I have borne

him three sons: and therefore she called his name Levi.

29:35. The fourth time she conceived and bore a son, and said: Now will

I praise the Lord: and for this she called him Juda. And she left


Genesis Chapter 30

Rachel, being barren, delivereth her handmaid to Jacob; she beareth two

sons. Lia ceasing to bear, giveth also her handmaid, and she beareth

two more. Then Lia beareth other two sons and one daughter. Rachel

beareth Joseph. Jacob, desirous to return home, is hired to stay for a

certain part of the flock's increase, whereby he becometh exceeding


30:1. And Rachel seeing herself without children, envied her sister,

and said to her husband: Give me children, otherwise I shall die.

30:2. And Jacob being angry with her, answered: Am I as God, who hath

deprived thee of the fruit of thy womb?

30:3. But she said: I have here my servant Bala: go in unto her, that

she may bear upon my knees, and I may have children by her.

30:4. And she gave him Bala in marriage: who,

30:5. When her husband had gone in unto her, conceived and bore a son.

30:6. And Rachel said: The Lord hath judged for me, and hath heard my

voice, giving me a son; and therefore she called his name Dan.

30:7. And again Bala conceived, and bore another,

30:8. For whom Rachel said: God hath compared me with my sister, and I

have prevailed: and she called him Nephthali.

30:9. Lia perceiving that she had left of bearing, gave Zelpha, her

handmaid, to her husband.

30:10. And when she had conceived, and brought forth a son,

30:11. She said: Happily. And therefore called his name Gad.

30:12. Zelpha also bore another.

30:13. And Lia said: This is for my happiness: for women will call me

blessed. Therefore she called him Aser.

30:14. And Ruben going out in the time of the wheat harvest into the

field, found mandrakes: which he brought to his mother Lia. And Rachel

said: Give me part of thy son's mandrakes.

30:15. She answered: Dost thou think it a small matter, that thou hast

taken my husband from me, unless thou take also my son's mandrakes?

Rachel said: He shall sleep with thee this night, for thy son's


30:16. And when Jacob returned at even from the field, Lia went out to

meet him, and said: Thou shalt come in unto me, because I have hired

thee for my son's mandrakes. And he slept with her that night.

30:17. And God heard her prayers; and she conceived: and bore a fifth


30:18. And said: God hath given me a reward, because I gave my handmaid

to my husband. And she called his name Issachar.

30:19. And Lia conceived again, and bore the sixth son,

30:20. And said: God hath endowed me with a good dowry; this turn also

my husband will be with me, because I have borne him six sons: and

therefore she called his name Zabulon.

30:21. After whom she bore a daughter, named Dina.

30:22. The Lord also remembering Rachel, heard her, and opened her


30:23. And she conceived, and bore a son, saying: God hath taken away

my reproach.

30:24. And she called his name Joseph: saying: The Lord give me also

another son.

30:25. And when Joseph was born, Jacob said to his father-in-law: Send

me away, that I may return into my country, and to my land.

30:26. Give me my wives, and my children, for whom I have served thee,

that I may depart: thou knowest the service that I have rendered thee.

30:27. Laban said to him: Let me find favour in thy sight: I have

learned, by experience, that God hath blessed me for thy sake.

30:28. Appoint thy wages which I shall give thee.

30:29. But he answered: Thou knowest how I have served thee, and how

great thy possession hath been in my hands.

30:30. Thou hadst but little before I came to thee, and now thou art

become rich: and the Lord hath blessed thee at my coming. It is

reasonable, therefore, that I should now provide also for my own house.

30:31. And Laban said: What shall I give thee? But he said: I require

nothing; but if thou wilt do what I demand, I will feed and keep thy

sheep again.

30:32. Go round through all thy flocks, and separate all the sheep of

divers colours, and speckled; and all that is brown and spotted, and of

divers colours, as well among the sheep as among the goats, shall be my


30:33. And my justice shall answer for me tomorrow before thee, when

the time of the bargain shall come; and all that is not of divers

colours, and spotted, and brown, as well among the sheep as among the

goats, shall accuse me of theft.

30:34. And Laban said: I like well what thou demandest.

30:35. And he separated the same day the she-goats, and the sheep, and

the he-goats, and the rams of divers colours, and spotted; and all the

flock of one colour, that is, of white and black fleece, he delivered

into the hands of his sons.

30:36. And he set the space of three days journey betwixt himself and

his son-in-law, who fed the rest of his flock.

30:37. And Jacob took green rods of poplar, and of almond, and of

plane-trees, and pilled them in part: so when the bark was taken off,

in the parts that were pilled, there appeared whiteness: but the parts

that were whole, remained green: and by this means the colour was


30:38. And he put them in the troughs, where the water was poured out;

that when the flocks should come to drink, they might have the rods

before their eyes, and in the sight of them might conceive.

30:39. And it came to pass, that in the very heat of coition, the sheep

beheld the rods, and brought forth spotted, and of divers colours, and


30:40. And Jacob separated the flock, and put the rods in the troughs

before the eyes of the rams; and all the white and the black were

Laban's, and the rest were Jacob's, when the flocks were separated one

from the other.

30:41. So when the ewes went first to ram, Jacob put the rods in the

troughs of water before the eyes of the rams, and of the ewes, that

they might conceive while they were looking upon them.

30:42. But when the later coming was, and the last conceiving, he did

not put them. And those that were lateward, became Laban's; and they of

the first time, Jacob's.

30:43. And the man was enriched exceedingly, and he had many flocks,

maid-servants and men-servants, camels and asses.

Genesis Chapter 31

Jacob's departure: he is pursued and overtaken by Laban. They make a


31:1. But after that he had heard the words of the sons of Laban,

saying: Jacob hath taken away all that was our father's, and being

enriched by his substance is become great.

31:2. And perceiving also, that Laban's countenance was not towards him

as yesterday and the other day.

31:3. Especially the Lord saying to him: Return into the land of thy

fathers and to thy kindred, and I will be with thee.

31:4. He sent, and called Rachel and Lia into the field, where he fed

the flocks,

31:5. And said to them: I see your father's countenance is not towards

me as yesterday and the other day: but the God of my father hath been

with me.

31:6. And you know that I have served your father to the uttermost of

my power.

31:7. Yea your father hath also overreached me, and hath changed my

wages ten times: and yet God hath not suffered him to hurt me.

31:8. If at any time, he said: The speckled shall be thy wages: all the

sheep brought forth speckled: but when he said on the contrary: Thou

shalt take all the white one for thy wages: all the flocks brought

forth white ones.

31:9. And God hath taken your father's substance, and given it to me.

31:10. For after the time came of the ewes conceiving, I lifted up my

eyes, and saw in my sleep, that the males which leaped upon the females

were of divers colours, and spotted, and speckled.

31:11. And the angel of God said to me in my sleep: Jacob. And I

answered: Here I am.

31:12. And he said: Lift up thy eyes, and see that all the males

leaping upon the females, are of divers colours, spotted and speckled.

For I have seen all that Laban hath done to thee.

31:13. I am the God of Bethel, where thou didst anoint the stone, and

make a vow to me. Now therefore arise, and go out of this land, and

return into thy native country.

31:14. And Rachel and Lia answered: Have we any thing left among the

goods and inheritance of our father's house?

31:15. Hath he not counted us as strangers, and sold us, and eaten up

the price of us?

31:16. But God hath taken our father's riches, and delivered them to

us, and to our children: wherefore, do all that God hath commanded


31:17. Then Jacob rose up, and having set his children and wives upon

camels, went his way.

31:18. And he took all his substance, and flocks, and whatsoever he had

gotten in Mesopotamia, and went forward to Isaac, his father, to the

land of Chanaan.

31:19. At that time Laban was gone to shear his sheep, and Rachel stole

away her father's idols.

Her father's idols. . .By this it appears that Laban was an idolater;

and some of the fathers are of opinion that Rachel stole away these

idols to withdraw him from idolatry, removing the occasion of his sin.

31:20. And Jacob would not confess to his father-in-law that he was

flying away.

31:21. And when he was gone, together with all that belonged to him,

and having passed the river, was going on towards mount Galaad,

31:22. It was told Laban on the third day, that Jacob fled.

31:23. And he took his brethren with him, and pursued after him seven

days; and overtook him in the mount of Galaad.

31:24. And he saw in a dream God, saying to him: Take heed thou speak

not any thing harshly against Jacob.

31:25. Now Jacob had pitched his tent in the mountain: and when he,

with his brethren, had overtaken him, he pitched his tent in the same

mount of Galaad.

31:26. And he said to Jacob: Why hast thou done thus, to carry away,

without my knowledge, my daughters as captives taken with the sword?

31:27. Why wouldst thou run away privately, and not acquaint me, that I

might have brought thee on the way with joy, and with songs, and with

timbrels, and with harps?

31:28. Thou hast not suffered me to kiss my sons and daughters; thou

hast done foolishly; and now indeed,

31:29. It is in my power to return thee evil; but the God of your

father said to me yesterday: Take heed thou speak not any thing harshly

against Jacob.

31:30. Suppose thou didst desire to go to thy friends, and hadst a

longing after thy father's house: why hast thou stolen away my gods?

31:31. Jacob answered: That I departed unknown to thee, it was for fear

lest thou wouldst take away thy daughters by force.

31:32. But, whereas, thou chargest me with theft: with whomsoever thou

shalt find thy gods, let him be slain before our brethren. Search, and

if thou find any of thy things with me, take them away. Now when he

said this, he knew not that Rachel had stolen the idols.

31:33. So Laban went into the tent of Jacob, and of Lia, and of both

the handmaids, and found them not. And when he was entered into

Rachel's tent,

31:34. She, in haste, hid the idols under the camel's furniture, and

sat upon them: and when he had searched all the tent, and found


31:35. She said: Let not my lord be angry that I cannot rise up before

thee, because it has now happened to me according to the custom of

women. So his careful search was in vain.

31:36. And Jacob being angry, said in a chiding manner: For what fault

of mine, and for what offence on my part hast thou so hotly pursued me,

31:37. And searched all my household stuff? What hast thou found of all

the substance of thy house? lay it here before my brethren, and thy

brethren, and let them judge between me and thee.

31:38. Have I, therefore, been with thee twenty years? thy ewes and

goats were not barren, the rams of thy flocks I did not eat:

31:39. Neither did I shew thee that which the beast had torn; I made

good all the damage: whatsoever was lost by theft, thou didst exact it

of me:

31:40. Day and night was I parched with heat, and with frost, and sleep

departed from my eyes.

31:41. And in this manner have I served thee in thy house twenty years,

fourteen for thy daughters, and six for thy flocks: thou hast changed

also my wages ten times.

31:42. Unless the God of my father, Abraham, and the fear of Isaac, had

stood by me, peradventure now thou hadst sent me away naked: God beheld

my affliction and the labour of my hands, and rebuked thee yesterday.

31:43. Laban answered him: The daughters are mine, and the children,

and thy flocks, and all things that thou seest are mine: what can I do

to my children, and grandchildren?

31:44. Come, therefore, let us enter into a league; that it may be for

a testimony between me and thee.

31:45. And Jacob took a stone, and set it up for a title.

31:46. And he said to his brethren: Bring hither stones. And they,

gathering stones together, made a heap, and they ate upon it.

31:47. And Laban called it, The witness heap; and Jacob, The hillock of

testimony: each of them according to the propriety of his language.

31:48. And Laban said: This heap shall be a witness between me and thee

this day, and therefore the name thereof was called Galaad, that is,

The witness heap.

31:49. The Lord behold and judge between us, when we shall be gone one

from the other.

31:50. If thou afflict my daughters, and if thou bring in other wives

over them: none is witness of our speech but God, who is present and


31:51. And he said again to Jacob: Behold this heap, and the stone

which I have set up between me and thee,

31:52. Shall be a witness: this heap, I say, and the stone, be they for

a testimony, if either I shall pass beyond it going towards thee, or

thou shalt pass beyond it thinking harm to me.

31:53. The God of Abraham, and the God of Nachor, the God of their

father, judge between us. And Jacob swore by the fear of his father


31:54. And after he had offered sacrifices in the mountain, he called

his brethren to eat bread. And when they had eaten, they lodged there:

31:55. But Laban arose in the night, and kissed his sons and daughters,

and blessed them: and returned to his place.

Genesis Chapter 32

Jacob's vision of angels; his message and presents to Esau; his

wrestling with an angel.

32:1. Jacob also went on the journey he had begun: and the angels of

God met him.

32:2. And when he saw them, he said: These are the camps of God, and he

called the name of that place Mahanaim, that is, Camps.

32:3. And he sent messengers before him to Esau, his brother, to the

land of Seir, to the country of Edom:

32:4. And he commanded them, saying: Thus shall ye speak to my lord

Esau: Thus saith thy brother Jacob: I have sojourned with Laban, and

have been with him until this day:

32:5. I have oxen, and asses, and sheep, and menservants, and

womenservants: and now I send a message to my lord, that I may find

favour in thy sight.

32:6. And the messengers returned to Jacob, saying: We came to Esau,

thy brother, and behold he cometh with speed to meet thee with four

hundred men.

32:7. Then Jacob was greatly afraid; and in his fear divided the people

that was with him, and the flocks, and the sheep, and the oxen, and the

camels, into two companies,

32:8. Saying: If Esau come to one company, and destroy it, the other

company that is left, shall escape.

32:9. And Jacob said: O God of my father Abraham, and God of my father

Isaac: O Lord who saidst to me, Return to thy land, and to the place of

thy birth, and I will do well for thee.

32:10. I am not worthy of the least of all thy mercies, and of thy

truth which thou hast fulfilled to thy servant. With my staff I passed

over this Jordan; and now I return with two companies.

32:11. Deliver me from the hand of my brother Esau, for I am greatly

afraid of him; lest perhaps he come, and kill the mother with the


32:12. Thou didst say, that thou wouldst do well by me, and multiply my

seed like the sand of the sea, which cannot be numbered for multitude.

32:13. And when he had slept there that night, he set apart, of the

things which he had, presents for his brother Esau,

32:14. Two hundred she-goats, twenty he-goats, two hundred ewes, and

twenty rams,

32:15. Thirty milch camels with their colts, forty kine, and twenty

bulls, twenty she-asses, and ten of their foals.

32:16. And he sent them by the hands of his servants, every drove by

itself, and he said to his servants: Go before me, and let there be a

space between drove and drove.

32:17. And he commanded the first, saying: If thou meet my brother

Esau, and he ask thee: Whose art thou? or whither goest thou? or whose

are these before thee?

32:18. Thou shalt answer: Thy servant Jacob's: he hath sent them as a

present to my lord Esau; and he cometh after us.

32:19. In like manner he commanded the second, and the third, and all

that followed the droves, saying: Speak ye the same words to Esau, when

ye find him.

32:20. And ye shall add: Thy servant Jacob himself also followeth after

us; for he said: I will appease him with the presents that go before,

and afterwards I will see him, perhaps he will be gracious to me.

32:21. So the presents went before him, but himself lodged that night

in the camp.

32:22. And rising early, he took his two wives and his two handmaids,

with his eleven sons, and passed over the ford of Jaboc.

32:23. And when all things were brought over that belonged to him,

32:24. He remained alone; and behold, a man wrestled with him till


A man, etc. . .This was an angel in human shape, as we learn from Osee

12.4. He is called God, ver. 28 and 30, because he represented the

person of the Son of God. This wrestling, in which Jacob, assisted by

God, was a match for an angel, was so ordered (ver. 28,) that he might

learn by this experiment of the divine assistance, that neither Esau,

nor any other man, should have power to hurt him.--It was also

spiritual, as appeareth by his earnest prayer, urging and at last

obtaining the angel's blessing.

32:25. And when he saw that he could not overcome him, he touched the

sinew of his thigh, and forthwith it shrank.

32:26. And he said to him: Let me go, for it is break of day. He

answered: I will not let thee go, except thou bless me.

32:27. And he said: What is thy name? He answered: Jacob.

32:28. But he said: Thy name shall not be called Jacob, but Israel; for

if thou hast been strong against God, how much more shalt thou prevail

against men?

32:29. Jacob asked him: Tell me by what name art thou called? He

answered: Why dost thou ask my name? And he blessed him in the same


32:30. And Jacob called the name of the place Phanuel, saying: I have

seen God face to face, and my soul has been saved.

Phanuel. . .This word signifies the face of God, or the sight, or seeing

of God.

32:31. And immediately the sun rose upon him, after he was past

Phanuel; but he halted on his foot.

32:32. Therefore the children of Israel, unto this day, eat not the

sinew, that shrank in Jacob's thigh: because he touched the sinew of

his thigh and it shrank.

Genesis Chapter 33

Jacob and Esau meet: Jacob goeth to Salem, where he raiseth an altar.

33:1. And Jacob lifting up his eyes, saw Esau coming, and with him four

hundred men: and he divided the children of Lia and of Rachel, and of

the two handmaids.

33:2. And he put both the handmaids and their children foremost: and

Lia and her children in the second place: and Rachel and Joseph last.

33:3. And he went forward and bowed down with his face to the ground

seven times, until his brother came near.

33:4. Then Esau ran to meet his brother, and embraced him: and clasping

him fast about the neck, and kissing him, wept.

33:5. And lifting up his eyes, he saw the women and their children, and

said: What mean these? And do they belong to thee? He answered: They

are the children which God hath given to me, thy servant.

33:6. Then the handmaids and their children came near and bowed


33:7. Lia also, with her children, came near and bowed down in like

manner; and last of all, Joseph and Rachel bowed down.

33:8. And Esau said: What are the droves that I met? He answered: That

I might find favour before my lord.

33:9. But he said: I have plenty, my brother, keep what is thine for


33:10. And Jacob said: Do not so I beseech thee, but if I have found

favour in thy eyes, receive a little present at my hands: for I have

seen thy face, as if I should have seen the countenance of God: be

gracious to me,

33:11. And take the blessing which I have brought thee, and which God

hath given me, who giveth all things. He took it with much ado at his

brother's earnest pressing him,

33:12. And said: Let us go on together, and I will accompany thee in

thy journey.

33:13. And Jacob said: My lord, thou knowest that I have with me tender

children, and sheep, and kine with young: which if I should cause to be

overdriven, in one day all the flocks will die.

33:14. May it please my lord to go before his servant: and I will

follow softly after him, as I shall see my children to be able, until I

come to my lord in Seir.

33:15. Esau answered: I beseech thee, that some of the people, at

least, who are with me, may stay to accompany thee in the way. And he

said: There is no necessity: I want nothing else but only to find

favour, my lord, in thy sight.

33:16. So Esau returned that day, the way that he came, to Seir.

33:17. And Jacob came to Socoth: where having built a house, and

pitched tents, he called the name of the place Socoth, that is, Tents.

33:18. And he passed over to Salem, a city of the Sichemites, which is

in the land of Chanaan, after he returned from Mesopotamia of Syria:

and he dwelt by the town.

33:19. And he bought that part of the field, in which he pitched his

tents, of the children of Hemor, the father of Sichem, for a hundred


33:20. And raising an altar there, he invoked upon it the most mighty

God of Israel.

Genesis Chapter 34

Dina is ravished, for which the Sichemites are destroyed.

34:1. And Dina the daughter of Lia went out to see the women of that


34:2. And when Sichem the son of Hemor the Hevite, the prince of that

land, saw her, he was in love with her: and took her away, and lay with

her, ravishing the virgin.

34:3. And his soul was fast knit unto her; and whereas she was sad, he

comforted her with sweet words.

34:4. And going to Hemor his father, he said: Get me this damsel to


34:5. But when Jacob had heard this, his sons being absent, and

employed in feeding the cattle, he held his peace till they came back.

34:6. And when Hemor the father of Sichem was come out to speak to


34:7. Behold his sons came from the field: and hearing what had passed,

they were exceeding angry, because he had done a foul thing in Israel,

and committed an unlawful act, in ravishing Jacob's daughter.

34:8. And Hemor spoke to them: The soul of my son Sichem has a longing

for your daughter: give her him to wife:

34:9. And let us contract marriages one with another: give us your

daughters, and take you our daughters.

34:10. And dwell with us: the land is at your command, till, trade, and

possess it.

34:11. Sichem also said to her father and to her brethren: Let me find

favour in your sight, and whatsoever you shall appoint I will give:

34:12. Raise the dowry, and ask gifts, and I will gladly give what you

shall demand: only give me this damsel to wife.

34:13. The sons of Jacob answered Sichem and his father deceitfully,

being enraged at the deflowering of their sister:

Deceitfully. . .The sons of Jacob, on this occasion, were guilty of a

grievous sin, as well by falsely pretending religion, as by excess of

revenge: though otherwise their zeal against so foul a crime was


34:14. We cannot do what you demand, nor give our sister to one that is

uncircumcised; which with us is unlawful and abominable.

34:15. But in this we may be allied with you, if you will be like us,

and all the male sex among you be circumcised:

34:16. Then will we mutually give and take your daughters, and ours;

and we will dwell with you, and will be one people:

34:17. But if you will not be circumcised, we will take our daughter

and depart.

34:18. Their offer pleased Hemor, and Sichem, his son:

34:19. And the young man made no delay, but forthwith fulfilled what

was required: for he loved the damsel exceedingly, and he was the

greatest man in all his father's house.

34:20. And going into the gate of the city, they spoke to the people:

34:21. These men are peaceable, and are willing to dwell with us: let

them trade in the land, and till it, which being large and wide wanteth

men to till it: we shall take their daughters for wives, and we will

give them ours.

34:22. One thing there is for which so great a good is deferred: We

must circumcise every male among us, following the manner of the


34:23. And their substance, and cattle, and all that they possess,

shall be ours; only in this let us condescend, and by dwelling

together, we shall make one people.

34:24. And they all agreed, and circumcised all the males.

34:25. And behold the third day, when the pain of the wound was

greatest: two of the sons of Jacob, Simeon and Levi, the brothers of

Dina, taking their swords, entered boldly into the city and slew all

the men.

34:26. And they killed also Hemor and Sichem, and took away their

sister Dina out of Sichem's house.

34:27. And when they were gone out, the other sons of Jacob came upon

the slain; and plundered the city in revenge of the rape.

34:28. And they took their sheep, and their herds, and their asses,

wasting all they had in their houses and in their fields.

34:29. And their children and wives they took captive.

34:30. And when they had boldly perpetrated these things, Jacob said to

Simeon and Levi: You have troubled me, and made me hateful to the

Chanaanites and Pherezites, the inhabitants of this land. We are few:

they will gather themselves together and kill me; and both I, and my

house shall be destroyed.

34:31. They answered: Should they abuse our sister as a strumpet?

Genesis Chapter 35

Jacob purgeth his family from idols: goeth by God's commandment to

Bethel, and there buildeth an altar. God appearing again to Jacob

blesseth him, and changeth his name into Israel. Rachel dieth in

childbirth. Isaac also dieth.

35:1. In the mean time God said to Jacob: Arise and go up to Bethel,

and dwell there, and make there an altar to God, who appeared to thee

when thou didst flee from Esau, thy brother.

35:2. And Jacob having called together all his household, said: Cast

away the strange gods that are among you, and be cleansed, and change

your garments.

35:3. Arise, and let us go up to Bethel, that we may make there an

altar to God; who heard me in the day of my affliction, and accompained

me in my journey.

35:4. So they gave him all the strange gods they had, and the earrings

which were in their ears: and he buried them under the turpentine tree,

that is behind the city of Sichem.

35:5. And when they were departed, the terror of God fell upon all the

cities round about, and they durst not pursue after them as they went


35:6. And Jacob came to Luza, which is in the land of Chanaan, surnamed

Bethel: he and all the people that were with him.

35:7. And he built there an altar, and called the name of that place,

The house of God: for there God appeared to him when he fled from his


35:8. At the same time Debora, the nurse of Rebecca, died, and was

buried at the foot of Bethel, under an oak, and the name of that place

was called, The oak of weeping.

35:9. And God appeared again to Jacob, after he returned from

Mesopotamia of Syria, and he blessed him,

35:10. Saying: Thou shalt not be called any more Jacob, but Israel

shall be thy name. And he called him Israel.

Israel. . .This name signifieth one that prevaileth with God.

35:11. And said to him: I am God almighty, increase thou and be

multiplied. Nations and peoples of nations shall be from thee, and

kings shall come out of thy loins.

35:12. And the land which I gave to Abraham and Isaac, I will give to

thee, and to thy seed after thee.

35:13. And he departed from him.

35:14. But he set up a monument of stone, in the place where God had

spoken to him: pouring drink-offerings upon it, and pouring oil


35:15. And calling the name of that place Bethel.

35:16. And going forth from thence, he came in the spring time to the

land which leadeth to Ephrata: wherein when Rachel was in travail,

35:17. By reason of her hard labour, she began to be in danger, and the

midwife said to her: Fear not, for thou shalt have this son also.

35:18. And when her soul was departing for pain, and death was now at

hand, she called the name of her son Benoni, that is, the son of my

pain: but his father called him Benjamin, that is, the son of the right


35:19. So Rachel died, and was buried in the highway that leadeth to

Ephrata, this is Bethlehem.

35:20. And Jacob erected a pillar over her sepulchre: this is the

pillar of Rachel's monument, to this day.

35:21. Departing thence, he pitched his tent beyond the Flock tower.

35:22. And when he dwelt in that country, Ruben went, and slept with

Bala the concubine of his father: which he was not ignorant of. Now the

sons of Jacob were twelve.

The concubine. . .She was his lawful wife; but, according to the style

of the Hebrews, is called concubine, because of her servile extraction.

35:23. The sons of Lia: Ruben the first born, and Simeon, and Levi, and

Juda, and Issachar, and Zabulon.

35:24. The sons of Rachel: Joseph and Benjamin.

35:25. The sons of Bala, Rachel's handmaid: Dan and Nephthali.

35:26. The sons of Zelpha, Lia's handmaid: Gad and Aser: these are the

sons of Jacob, that were born to him in Mesopotamia of Syria.

35:27. And he came to Isaac his father in Mambre, the city of Arbee,

this is Hebron: wherein Abraham and Isaac sojourned.

35:28. And the days of Isaac were a hundred and eighty years.

35:29. And being spent with age he died, and was gathered to his

people, being old and full of days: and his sons Esau and Jacob buried


Genesis Chapter 36

Esau with his wives and children parteth from Jacob. An account of his

descendants, and of the first kings of Edom.

36:1. And these are the generations of Esau, the same is Edom.

36:2. Esau took wives of the daughters of Chanaan: Ada the daughter of

Elon the Hethite, and Oolibama the daughter of Ana, the daughter of

Sebeon the Hevite:

Ada. . .These wives of Esau are called by other names, Gen. 26. But it

was very common amongst the ancients for the same persons to have two

names, as Esau himself was also called Edom.

36:3. And Basemath, the daughter of Ismael, sister of Nabajoth.

36:4. And Ada bore Eliphaz: Basemath bore Rahuel.

36:5. Oolibama bore Jehus, and Ihelon, and Core. These are the sons of

Esau, that were born to him in the land of Chanaan.

36:6. And Esau took his wives, and his sons and daughters, and every

soul of his house, and his substance, and cattle, and all that he was

able to acquire in the land of Chanaan: and went into another country,

and departed from his brother Jacob.

36:7. For they were exceeding rich, and could not dwell together:

neither was the land in which they sojourned able to bear them, for the

multitude of their flocks.

36:8. And Esau dwelt in mount Seir: he is Edom.

36:9. And these are the generations of Esau, the father of Edom, in

mount Seir.

36:10. And these the names of his sons: Eliphaz the son of Ada, the

wife of Esau: and Rahuel, the son of Basemath, his wife.

36:11. And Eliphaz had sons: Theman, Omar, Sepho, and Gatham and Cenez.

36:12. And Thamna was the concubine of Eliphaz, the son of Esau: and

she bore him Amalech. These are the sons of Ada, the wife of Esau.

36:13. And the sons of Rahuel were Nahath and Zara, Samma and Meza.

These were the sons of Basemath, the wife of Esau.

36:14. And these were the sons of Oolibama, the daughter of Ana, the

daughter of Sebeon, the wife of Esau, whom she bore to him, Jehus, and

Ihelon, and Core.

36:15. These were dukes of the sons of Esau: the sons of Eliphaz, the

firstborn of Esau: duke Theman, duke Omar, duke Sepho, duke Cenez,

36:16. Duke Core, duke Gatham, duke Amalech: these are the sons of

Eliphaz, in the land of Edom, and these the sons of Ada.

36:17. And these were the sons of Rahuel, the son of Esau: duke Nahath,

duke Zara, duke Samma, duke Meza. And these are the dukes of Rahuel, in

the land of Edom: these the sons of Basemath, the wife of Esau.

36:18. And these the sons of Oolibama, the wife of Esau: duke Jehus,

duke Ihelon, duke Core. These are the dukes of Oolibama, the daughter

of Ana, and wife of Esau.

36:19. These are the sons of Esau, and these the dukes of them: the

same is Edom.

36:20. These are the sons of Seir, the Horrite, the inhabitants of the

land: Lotan, and Sobal, and Sebeon, and Ana,

36:21. And Dison, and Eser, and Disan. These are dukes of the Horrites,

the sons of Seir, in the land of Edom.

36:22. And Lotan had sons: Hori and Heman. And the sister of Lotan was


36:23. And these the sons of Sobal: Alvan, and Manahat, and Ebal, and

Sepho, and Onam.

36:24. And these the sons of Sebeon: Aia and Ana. This is Ana that

found the hot waters in the wilderness, when he fed the asses of

Sebeon, his father:

36:25. And he had a son Dison, and a daughter Oolibama.

36:26. And these were the sons of Dison: Hamdan, and Eseban, and

Jethram, and Charan.

36:27. These also were the sons of Eser: Balaan, and Zavan, and Acan.

36:28. And Dison had sons: Hus and Aram.

36:29. These were dukes of the Horrites: duke Lotan, duke Sobal, duke

Sebeon, duke Ana,

36:30. Duke Dison, duke Eser, duke Disan: these were dukes of the

Horrites that ruled in the land of Seir.

36:31. And the kings that ruled in the land of Edom, before the

children of Israel had a king, were these:

36:32. Bela the son of Beor, and the name of his city Denaba.

36:33. And Bela died, and Jobab, the son of Zara, of Bosra, reigned in

his stead.

36:34. And when Jobab was dead, Husam, of the land of the Themanites,

reigned in his stead.

36:35. And after his death, Adad, the son of Badad, reigned in his

stead, who defeated the Madianites in the country of Boab; and the name

of his city was Avith.

36:36. And when Adad was dead, there reigned in his stead, Semla, of


36:37. And he being dead, Saul, of the river Rohoboth, reigned in his


36:38. And when he also was dead, Balanan, the son of Achobor,

succeeded to the kingdom.

36:39. This man also being dead, Adar reigned in his place; and the

name of his city was Phau: and his wife was called Meetabel, the

daughter of Matred, daughter of Mezaab.

36:40. And these are the names of the dukes of Esau in their kindreds,

and places, and callings: duke Thamna, duke Alva, duke Jetheth,

36:41. Duke Oolibama, duke Ela, duke Phinon,

36:42. Duke Cenez, duke Theman, duke Mabsar,

36:43. Duke Magdiel, duke Hiram: these are the dukes of Edom dwelling

in the land of their government; the same is Esau, the father of the


Genesis Chapter 37

Joseph's dreams: he is sold by his brethren, and carried into Egypt.

37:1. And Jacob dwelt in the land of Chanaan, wherein his father


37:2. And these are his generations: Joseph, when he was sixteen years

old, was feeding the flock with his brethren, being but a boy: and he

was with the sons of Bala and of Zelpha his father's wives: and he

accused his brethren to his father of a most wicked crime.

37:3. Now Israel loved Joseph above all his sons, because he had him in

his old age: and he made him a coat of divers colours.

37:4. And his brethren seeing that he was loved by his father, more

than all his sons, hated hem, and could not speak peaceably to him.

37:5. Now it fell out also that he told his brethren a dream, that he

had dreamed: which occasioned them to hate him the more.

A dream. . .These dreams of Joseph were prophetical, and sent from God;

as were also those which he interpreted, Gen. 40. and 41.; otherwise

generally speaking, the observing of dreams is condemned in the

Scripture, as superstitious and sinful. See Deut. 18.10; Eccli. 34.2,3.

37:6. And he said to them: Hear my dream which I dreamed.

37:7. I thought we were binding sheaves in the field: and my sheaf

arose as it were, and stood, and your sheaves standing about bowed down

before my sheaf.

37:8. His brethren answered: Shalt thou be our king? or shall we be

subject to thy dominion? Therefore this matter of his dreams and words

ministered nourishment to their envy and hatred.

37:9. He dreamed also another dream, which he told his brethren,

saying: I saw in a dream, as it were the sun, and the moon, and eleven

stars worshipping me.

37:10. And when he had told this to his father, and brethren, his

father rebuked him and said: What meaneth this dream that thou hast

dreamed? shall I and thy mother, and thy brethren worship thee upon the


Worship. . .This word is not used here to signify divine worship, but an

inferior veneration, expressed by the bowing of the body, and that,

according to the manner of the eastern nations, down to the ground.

37:11. His brethren therefore envied him: but his father considered the

thing with himself.

37:12. And when his brethren abode in Sechem, feeding their father's


37:13. Israel said to him: Thy brethren feed the sheep in Sichem: come,

I will send thee to them. And when he answered:

37:14. I am ready: he said to him: Go, and see if all things be well

with thy brethren, and the cattle: and bring me word again what is

doing. So being sent from the vale of Hebron, he came to Sichem:

37:15. And a man found him there wandering in the field, and asked what

he sought.

37:16. But he answered: I seek my brethren, tell me where they feed the


37:17. And the man said to him: They are departed from this place: for

I heard them say: Let us go to Dothain. And Joseph went forward after

his brethren, and found them in Dothain.

37:18. And when they saw him afar off, before he came nigh them, they

thought to kill him:

37:19. And said one to another: Behold the dreamer cometh.

37:20. Come, let us kill him, and cast him into some old pit: and we

will say: Some evil beast hath devoured him: and then it shall appear

what his dreams avail him:

37:21. And Ruben hearing this, endeavoured to deliver him out of their

hands, and said:

37:22. Do not take away his life, nor shed his blood: but cast him into

this pit, that is in the wilderness, and keep your hands harmless: now

he said this, being desirous to deliver him out of their hands and to

restore him to his father.

37:23. And as soon as he came to his brethren, they forthwith stript

him of his outside coat, that was of divers colours:

37:24. And cast him into an old pit where there was not water.

37:25. And sitting down to eat bread, they saw some Ismaelites on their

way coming from Galaad, with their camels, carrying spices, and balm,

and myrrh to Egypt.

37:26. And Juda said to his brethren: What will it profit us to kill

our brother, and conceal his blood?

37:27. It is better that he be sold to the Ismaelites, and that our

hands be not defiled: for he is our brother and our flesh. His brethren

agreed to his words.

37:28. And when the Madianite merchants passed by, they drew him out of

the pit, and sold him to the Ismaelites, for twenty pieces of silver:

and they led him into Egypt.

37:29. And Ruben returning to the pit, found not the boy:

37:30. And rending his garments he went to his brethren, and said: The

boy doth not appear, and whither shall I go?

37:31. And they took his coat, and dipped it in the blood of a kid,

which they had killed:

37:32. Sending some to carry it to their father, and to say: This we

have found: see whether it be thy son's coat, or not.

37:33. And the father acknowledging it, said: It is my son's coat, an

evil wild beast hath eaten him, a beast hath devoured Joseph.

37:34. And tearing his garments, he put on sackcloth, mourning for his

son a long time.

37:35. And all his children being gathered together to comfort their

father in his sorrow, he would not receive comfort, but said: I will go

down to my son into hell, mourning. And whilst he continued weeping,

Into hell. . .That is, into limbo, the place where the souls of the just

were received before the death of our Redeemer. For allowing that the

word hell sometimes is taken for the grave, it cannot be so taken in

this place; since Jacob did not believe his son to be in the grave,

(whom he supposed to be devoured by a wild beast,) and therefore could

not mean to go down to him thither: but certainly meant the place of

rest where he believed his soul to be.

37:36. The Madianites sold Joseph in Egypt to Putiphar, an eunuch of

Pharao, captain of the soldiers.

An eunuch. . .This word sometimes signifies a chamberlain, courtier, or

officer of the king: and so it is taken in this place.

Genesis Chapter 38

The sons of Juda: the death of Her and Onan: the birth of Phares and


38:1. At that time Juda went down from his brethren, and turned in to a

certain Odollamite, named Hiras.

38:2. And he saw there the daughter of a man of Chanaan, called Sue:

and taking her to wife, he went in unto her.

38:3. And she conceived, and bore a son, and called his name Her.

38:4. And conceiving again, she bore a son, and called him Onan.

38:5. She bore also a third: whom she called Sela. After whose birth,

she ceased to bear any more.

38:6. And Juda took a wife for Her, his first born, whose name was


38:7. And Her, the first born of Juda, was wicked in the sight of the

Lord: and was slain by him.

38:8. Juda, therefore, said to Onan his son: Go in to thy brother's

wife and marry her, that thou mayst raise seed to thy brother.

38:9. He knowing that the children should not be his, when he went in

to his brother's wife, he spilled his seed upon the ground, lest

children should be born in his brother's name.

38:10. And therefore the Lord slew him, because he did a detestable


38:11. Wherefore Juda said to Thamar his daughter-in-law: Remain a

widow in thy father's house, till Sela my son grow up: for he was

afraid lest he also might die, as his brethren did. She went her way,

and dwelt in her father's house.

38:12. And after many days were past: the daughter of Sue the wife of

Juda died: and when he had taken comfort after his mourning, he went up

to Thamnas, to the shearers of his sheep, he and Hiras the Odollamite,

the shepherd of his flock.

38:13. And it was told Thamar that her father-in-law was come up to

Thamnas to shear his sheep.

38:14. And she put off the garments of her widowhood, and took a veil:

and changing her dress, sat in the cross way, that leadeth to Thamnas:

because Sela was grown up, and she had not been married to him.

38:15. When Juda saw her, he thought she was a harlot: for she had

covered her face, lest she should be known.

38:16. And going to her, he said: Suffer me to lie with thee: for he

knew her not to be his daughter-in-law. And she answered: What wilt

thou give me to enjoy my company?

38:17. He said: I will send thee a kid out of the flock. And when she

said again: I will suffer what thou wilt, if thou give me a pledge,

till thou send what thou promisest.

38:18. Juda said: What wilt thou have for a pledge? She answered: Thy

ring and bracelet, and the staff which thou holdest in thy hand. The

woman therefore at one copulation conceived.

38:19. And she arose and went her way: and putting off the apparel

which she had taken, put on the garments of her widowhood.

38:20. And Juda sent a kid by his shepherd, the Odollamite, that he

might receive the pledge again, which he had given to the woman: but

he, not finding her,

38:21. Asked the men of that place: Where is the woman that sat in the

cross way? And when they all made answer: There was no harlot in this


38:22. He returned to Juda, and said to him: I have not found her;

moreover, the men of that place said to me, that there never sat a

harlot there.

38:23. Juda said: Let her take it to herself, surely she cannot charge

us with a lie, I sent the kid which I promised: and thou didst not find


38:24. And behold, after three months, they told Juda, saying: Thamar,

thy daughter-in-law, hath played the harlot, and she appeareth to have

a big belly. And Juda said: Bring her out that she may be burnt.

38:25. But when she was led to execution, she sent to her father in

law, saying: By the man, to whom these things belong, I am with child.

See whose ring, and bracelet, and staff this is.

38:26. But he acknowledging the gifts, said: She is juster than I:

because I did not give her to Sela, my son. However he knew her no


38:27. And when she was ready to be brought to bed, there appeared

twins in her womb: and in the very delivery of the infants, one put

forth a hand, whereon the midwife tied a scarlet thread, saying:

38:28. This shall come forth the first.

38:29. But he drawing back his hand, the other came forth: and the

woman said: Why is the partition divided for thee? and therefore called

his name Phares.

Phares. . .That is, a breach or division.

38:30. Afterwards his brother came out, on whose hand was the scarlet

thread: and she called his name Zara.

Genesis Chapter 39

Joseph hath charge of his master's house: rejecteth his mistress's

solicitations: is falsely accused by her, and cast into prison, where

he hath the charge of all the prisoners.

39:1. And Joseph was brought into Egypt, and Putiphar, an eunuch of

Pharao, chief captain of the army, an Egyptian, bought him of the

Ismaelites, by whom he was brought.

39:2. And the Lord was with him, and he was a prosperous man in all

things: and he dwelt in his master's house:

39:3. Who knew very well that the Lord was with him, and made all that

he did to prosper in his hand.

39:4. And Joseph found favour in the sight of his master, and

ministered to him: and being set over all by him, he governed the house

committed to him, and all things that were delivered to him:

39:5. And the Lord blessed the house of the Egyptian for Joseph's sake,

and multiplied all his substance, both at home and in the fields.

39:6. Neither knew he any other thing, but the bread which he ate. And

Joseph was of a beautiful countenance, and comely to behold.

39:7. And after many days, his mistress cast her eyes on Joseph, and

said: Lie with me.

39:8. But he in no wise consenting to that wicked act said to her:

Behold, my master hath delivered all things to me, and knoweth not what

he hath in his own house:

39:9. Neither is there any thing which is not in my power, or that he

hath not delivered to me, but thee, who art his wife; how then can I do

this wicked thing, and sin against my God?

39:10. With such words as these day by day, both the woman was

importunate with the young man, and he refused the adultery.

39:11. Now it happened on a certain day, that Joseph went into the

house, and was doing some business, without any man with him:

39:12. And she catching the skirt of his garment, said: Lie with me.

But he leaving the garment in her hand, fled, and went out.

39:13. And when the woman saw the garment in her hands, and herself


39:14. She called to her the men of her house, and said to them: See,

he hath brought in a Hebrew, to abuse us: he came in to me, to lie with

me; and when I cried out,

39:15. And he heard my voice, he left the garment that I held, and got

him out.

39:16. For a proof therefore of her fidelity, she kept the garment, and

shewed it to her husband when he returned home:

A proof of her fidelity. . .or an argument to gain credit, argumentum


39:17. And said: The Hebrew servant, whom thou hast brought, came to me

to abuse me.

39:18. And when he heard me cry, he left the garment which I held, and

fled out.

39:19. His master hearing these things, and giving too much credit to

his wife's words, was very angry,

39:20. And cast Joseph into the prison, where the king's prisoners were

kept, and he was there shut up.

39:21. But the Lord was with Joseph, and having mercy upon him gave him

favour in the sight of the chief keeper of the prison:

39:22. Who delivered into his hand all the prisoners that were kept in

custody: and whatsoever was done, was under him.

39:23. Neither did he himself know any thing, having committed all

things to him: for the Lord was with him, and made all that he did to


Genesis Chapter 40

Joseph interpreteth the dreams of two of Pharao's servants in prison:

the event declareth the interpretations to be true, but Joseph is


40:1. After this, it came to pass, that two eunuchs, the butler and the

baker of the king of Egypt, offended their lord.

40:2. And Pharao being angry with them, (now the one was chief butler,

the other chief baker,)

40:3. He sent them to the prison of the commander of the soldiers, in

which Joseph also was prisoner.

40:4. But the keeper of the prison delivered them to Joseph, and he

served them. Some little time passed, and they were kept in custody.

40:5. And they both dreamed a dream the same night, according to the

interpretation agreeing to themselves:

40:6. And when Joseph was come into them in the morning, and saw them


40:7. He asked them, saying: Why is your countenance sadder today than


40:8. They answered: We have dreamed a dream, and there is nobody to

interpret it to us. And Joseph said to them: Doth not interpretation

belong to God? Tell me what you have dreamed:

Doth not interpretation belong to God?. . .When dreams are from God, as

these were, the interpretation of them is a gift of God. But the

generality of dreams are not of this sort; but either proceed from the

natural complexions and dispositions of persons, or the roving of their

imaginations in the day on such objects as they are much affected with,

or from their mind being disturbed with cares and troubles, and

oppressed with bodily infirmities: or they are suggested by evil

spirits, to flatter, or to terrify weak minds, in order to gain belief,

and so draw them into error or superstition; or at least to trouble

them in their sleep, whom they cannot move when they are awake: so that

the general rule, with regard to dreams, is not to observe them, nor to

give any credit to them.

40:9. The chief butler first told his dream: I saw before me a vine,

40:10. On which were three branches, which by little and little sent

out buds, and after the blossoms brought forth ripe grapes:

40:11. And the cup of Pharao was in my hand: and I took the grapes, and

pressed them into the cup which I held, and I gave the cup to Pharao.

40:12. Joseph answered: This is the interpretation of the dream: The

three branches, are yet three days:

40:13. After which Pharao will remember thy service, and will restore

thee to thy former place: and thou shalt present him the cup according

to thy office, as before thou was wont to do.

40:14. Only remember me when it shall be well with thee, and do me this

kindness: to put Pharao in mind to take me out of this prison:

40:15. For I was stolen away out of the land of the Hebrews, and here

without any fault was cast into the dungeon.

40:16. The chief baker seeing that he had wisely interpreted the dream,

said: I also dreamed a dream, That I had three baskets of meal upon my


40:17. And that in one basket which was uppermost, I carried all meats

that are made by the art of baking, and that the birds ate out of it.

40:18. Joseph answered: This is the interpretation of the dream: The

three baskets, are yet three days:

40:19. After which Pharao will take thy head from thee, and hang thee

on a cross, and the birds shall tear thy flesh.

40:20. The third day after this was the birthday of Pharao: and he made

a great feast for his servants, and at the banquet remembered the chief

butler, and the chief baker.

40:21. And he restored the one to his place, to present him the cup:

40:22. The other he hanged on a gibbet, that the truth of the

interpreter might be shewn.

40:23. But the chief butler, when things prospered with him, forgot his


Genesis Chapter 41

Joseph interpreteth the two dreams of Pharao: he is made ruler over all


41:1. After two years Pharao had a dream. He thought he stood by the


41:2. Out of which came up seven kine, very beautiful and fat: and they

fed in marshy places.

41:3. Other seven also came up out of the river, ill-favoured, and lean

fleshed: and they fed on the very bank of the river, in green places:

41:4. And they devoured them, whose bodies were very beautiful and well

conditioned. So Pharao awoke.

41:5. He slept again, and dreamed another dream: Seven ears of corn

came up upon one stalk full and fair:

41:6. Then seven other ears sprung up thin and blasted,

41:7. And devoured all the beauty of the former. Pharao awaked after

his rest:

41:8. And when morning was come, being struck with fear, he sent to all

the interpreters of Egypt, and to all the wise men: and they being

called for, he told them his dream, and there was not any one that

could interpret it.

41:9. Then at length the chief butler remembering, said: I confess my


41:10. The king being angry with his servants, commanded me and the

chief baker to be cast into the prison of the captain of the soldiers.

41:11. Where in one night both of us dreamed a dream foreboding things

to come.

41:12. There was there a young man a Hebrew, servant to the same

captain of the soldiers: to whom we told our dreams,

41:13. And we heard what afterwards the event of the thing proved to be

so. For I was restored to my office: and he was hanged upon a gibbet.

41:14. Forthwith at the king's command Joseph was brought out of the

prison, and they shaved him: and changing his apparel brought him in to


41:15. And he said to him: I have dreamed dreams, and there is no one

that can expound them: Now I have heard that thou art very wise at

interpreting them:

41:16. Joseph answered: Without me, God shall give Pharao a prosperous


41:17. So Pharao told what he had dreamed: Methought I stood upon the

bank of the river,

41:18. And seven kine came up out of the river, exceeding beautiful and

full of flesh: and they grazed on green places in a marshy pasture.

41:19. And behold, there followed these, other seven kine, so very

ill-favoured and lean, that I never saw the like in the land of Egypt:

41:20. And they devoured and consumed the former,

41:21. And yet gave no mark of their being full: but were as lean and

ill-favoured as before. I awoke, and then fell asleep again,

41:22. And dreamed a dream: Seven ears of corn grew up upon one stalk,

full and very fair.

41:23. Other seven also thin and blasted, sprung of the stalk:

41:24. And they devoured the beauty of the former: I told this dream to

the conjecturers, and there is no man that can expound it.

41:25. Joseph answered: The king's dream is one: God hath shewn to

Pharao what he is about to do.

41:26. The seven beautiful kine, and the seven full ears, are seven

years of plenty: and both contain the same meaning of the dream.

41:27. And the seven lean and thin kine that came up after them, and

the seven thin ears that were blasted with the burning wind, are seven

years of famine to come:

41:28. Which shall be fulfilled in this order.

41:29. Behold, there shall come seven years of great plenty in the

whole land of Egypt:

41:30. After which shall follow other seven years of so great scarcity,

that all the abundance before shall be forgotten: for the famine shall

consume all the land,

41:31. And the greatness of the scarcity shall destroy the greatness of

the plenty.

41:32. And for that thou didst see the second time a dream pertaining

to the same thing: it is a token of the certainty, and that the word of

God cometh to pass, and is fulfilled speedily.

41:33. Now therefore let the king provide a wise and industrious man,