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Chapter 1

Nehemias hearing the miserable state of his countrymen in Judea,

lamenteth, fasteth, and prayeth to God for their relief.

1:1. The words of Nehemias the son of Helchias. And it came to pass in

the month of Casleu, in the twentieth year, as I was in the castle of


1:2. That Hanani one of my brethren came, he and some men of Juda; and

I asked them concerning the Jews, that remained and were left of the

captivity, and concerning Jerusalem.

1:3. And they said to me: They that have remained, and are left of the

captivity there in the province, are in great affliction, and reproach:

and the wall of Jerusalem is broken down, and the gates thereof are

burnt with fire.

1:4. And when I had heard these words, I sat down, and wept, and

mourned for many days: and I fasted, and prayed before the face of the

God of heaven.

1:5. And I said: I beseech thee, O Lord God of heaven, strong, great,

and terrible, who keepest covenant and mercy with those that love thee,

and keep thy commandments:

1:6. Let thy ears be attentive, and thy eyes open, to hear the prayer

of thy servant, which I pray before thee now, night and day, for the

children of Israel thy servants: and I confess the sins of the children

of Israel, by which they have sinned against thee: I and my father's

house have sinned.

1:7. We have been seduced by vanity, and have not kept thy

commandments, and ceremonies and judgments, which thou hast commanded

thy servant Moses.

1:8. Remember the word that thou commandedst to Moses thy servant,

saying: If you shall transgress, I will scatter you abroad among the


1:9. But if you return to me, and keep my commandments, and do them,

though you should be led away to the uttermost parts of the world, I

will gather you from thence, and bring you back to the place which I

have chosen for my name to dwell there.

1:10. And these are thy servants, and thy people: whom thou hast

redeemed by thy great strength, and by thy mighty hand.

1:11. I beseech thee, O Lord, let thy ear be attentive to the prayer of

thy servant, and to the prayer of thy servants who desire to fear thy

name: and direct thy servant this day, and give him mercy before this

man. For I was the king's cupbearer.

Chapter 2

Nehemias with commission from king Artaxerxes cometh to Jerusalem: and

exhorteth the Jews to rebuild the walls.

2:1. And it came to pass in the month of Nisan, in the twentieth year

of Artaxerxes the king: that wine was before him, and I took up the

wine, and gave it to the king: and I was as one languishing away before

his face.

2:2. And the king said to me: Why is thy countenance sad, seeing thou

dost not appear to be sick? this is not without cause, but some evil, I

know not what, is in thy heart. And I was seized with an exceeding

great fear:

2:3. And I said to the king: O king, live for ever: why should not my

countenance be sorrowful, seeing the city of the place of the

sepulchres of my fathers is desolate, and the gates thereof are burnt

with fire?

2:4. Then the king said to me: For what dost thou make request? And I

prayed to the God of heaven,

2:5. And I said to the king: If it seem good to the king, and if thy

servant hath found favour in thy sight, that thou wouldst send me into

Judea to the city of the sepulchre of my father, and I will build it.

2:6. And the king said to me, and the queen that sat by him: For how

long shall thy journey be, and when wilt thou return? And it pleased

the king, and he sent me: and I fixed him a time.

2:7. And I said to the king: If it seem good to the king, let him give

me letters to the governors of the country beyond the river, that they

convey me over, till I come into Judea:

2:8. And a letter to Asaph the keeper of the king's forest, to give me

timber that I may cover the gates of the tower of the house, and the

walls of the city, and the house that I shall enter into. And the king

gave me according to the good hand of my God with me.

2:9. And I came to the governors of the country beyond the river, and

gave them the king's letters. And the king had sent with me captains of

soldiers, and horsemen.

2:10. And Sanaballat the Horonite, and Tobias the servant, the

Ammonite, heard it, and it grieved them exceedingly, that a man was

come, who sought the prosperity of the children of Israel.

2:11. And I came to Jerusalem, and was there three days.

2:12. And I arose in the night, I and some few men with me, and I told

not any man what God had put in my heart to do in Jerusalem, and there

was no beast with me, but the beast that I rode upon.

2:13. And I went out by night by the gate of the valley, and before the

dragon fountain, and to the dung gate, and I viewed the wall of

Jerusalem which was broken down, and the gates thereof which were

consumed with fire.

2:14. And I passed to the gate of the fountain, and to the king's

aqueduct, and there was no place for the beast on which I rode to pass.

2:15. And I went up in the night by the torrent, and viewed the wall,

and going back I came to the gate of the valley, and returned.

2:16. But the magistrates knew not whither I went, or what I did:

neither had I as yet told any thing to the Jews, or to the priests, or

to the nobles, or to the magistrates, or to the rest that did the work.

2:17. Then I said to them: You know the affliction wherein we are,

because Jerusalem is desolate, and the gates thereof are consumed with

fire: come, and let us build up the walls of Jerusalem, and let us be

no longer a reproach.

2:18. And I shewed them how the hand of my God was good with me, and

the king's words, which he had spoken to me, and I said: Let us rise

up, and build. And their hands were strengthened in good.

2:19. But Sanaballat the Horonite, and Tobias the servant, the

Ammonite, and Gossem the Arabian heard of it, and they scoffed at us,

and despised us, and said: What is this thing that you do? are you

going to rebel against the king?

2:20. And I answered them, and said to them: The God of heaven he

helpeth us, and we are his servants: let us rise up and build: but you

have no part, nor justice, nor remembrance in Jerusalem.

Chapter 3

They begin to build the walls: the names and order of the builders.

3:1. Then Eliasib the high priest arose, and his brethren the priests,

and they built the flock gate: they sanctified it, and set up the doors

thereof, even unto the tower of a hundred cubits they sanctified it

unto the tower of Hananeel.

3:2. And next to him the men of Jericho built: and next to them built

Zachur the son of Amri.

3:3. But the fish gate the sons of Asnaa built: they covered it, and

set up the doors thereof, and the locks, and the bars. And next to them

built Marimuth the son of Urias the son of Accus.

4. And next to him built Mosollam the son of Barachias, the son of

Merezebel, and next to them built Sadoc the son of Baana.

5. And next to them the Thecuites built: but their great men did not

put their necks to the work of their Lord.

3:6. And Joiada the son of Phasea, and Mosollam the son of Besodia

built the old gate: they covered it and set up the doors thereof, and

the locks, and the bars.

3:7. And next to them built Meltias the Gabaonite, and Jadon the

Meronathite, the men of Gabaon and Maspha, for the governor that was in

the country beyond the river.

3:8. And next to him built Eziel the son of Araia the goldsmith: and

next to him built Ananias the son of the perfumer: and they left

Jerusalem unto the wall of the broad street.

3:9. And next to him built Raphaia the son of Hur, lord of the street

of Jerusalem.

3:10. And next to him Jedaia the son of Haromaph over against his own

house: and next to him built Hattus the son of Hasebonia.

3:11. Melchias the son of Herem, and Hasub the son of Phahath Moab,

built half the street, and the tower of the furnaces.

3:12. And next to him built Sellum the son of Alohes, lord of half the

street of Jerusalem, he and his daughters.

3:13. And the gate of the valley Hanun built, and the inhabitants of

Zanoe: they built it, and set up the doors thereof, and the locks, and

the bars, and a thousand cubits in the wall unto the gate of the


3:14. And the gate of the dunghill Melchias the son of Rechab built,

lord of the street of Bethacharam: he built it, and set up the doors

thereof, and the locks, and the bars.

3:15. And the gate of the fountain, Sellum, the son of Cholhoza, built,

lord of the street of Maspha: he built it, and covered it, and set up

the doors thereof, and the locks, and the bars, and the walls of the

pool of Siloe unto the king's guard, and unto the steps that go down

from the city of David.

3:16. After him built Nehemias the son of Azboc, lord of half the

street of Bethsur, as far as over against the sepulchre of David, and

to the pool, that was built with great labour, and to the house of the


3:17. After him built the Levites, Rehum the son of Benni. After him

built Hasebias, lord of half the street of Ceila in his own street.

3:18. After him built their brethren Bavai the son of Enadad, lord of

half Ceila.

3:19. And next to him Aser the son of Josue, lord of Maspha, built

another measure, over against the going up of the strong corner.

3:20. After him in the mount Baruch the son of Zachai built another

measure, from the corner to the door of the house of Eliasib the high


3:21. After him Merimuth the son of Urias the son of Haccus, built

another measure, from the door of the house of Eliasib, to the end of

the house of Eliasib.

3:22. And after him built the priests, the men of the plains of the


3:23. After him built Benjamin and Hasub, over against their own house:

and after him built Azarias the son of Maasias the son of Ananias over

against his house.

3:24. After him built Bennui the son of Hanadad another measure, from

the house of Azarias unto the bending, and unto the corner.

3:25. Phalel, the son of Ozi, over against the bending and the tower,

which lieth out from the king's high house, that is, in the court of

the prison: after him Phadaia the son of Pharos.

3:26. And the Nathinites dwelt in Ophel, as far as over against the

water gate toward the east, and the tower that stood out.

3:27. After him the Thecuites built another measure over against, from

the great tower that standeth out unto the wall of the temple.

3:28. And upward from the horse gate the priests built, every man over

against his house.

3:29. After them built Sadoc the son of Emmer over against his house.

And after him built Semaia the son of Sechenias, keeper of the east


3:30. After him built Hanania the son of Selemia, and Hanun the sixth

son of Seleph, another measure: after him built Mosollam the son of

Barachias over against his treasury. After him Melcias the goldsmith's

son built unto the house of the Nathinites, and of the sellers of small

wares, over against the judgment gate, and unto the chamber of the


3:31. And within the chamber of the corner of the flock gate, the

goldsmiths and the merchants built.

Chapter 4

The building is carried on notwithstanding the opposition of their


4:1. And it came to pass, that when Sanaballat heard that we were

building the wall he was angry: and being moved exceedingly he scoffed

at the Jews.

4:2. And said before his brethren, and the multitude of the Samaritans:

What are the silly Jews doing? Will the Gentiles let them alone? will

they sacrifice and make an end in a day? are they able to raise stones

out of the heaps of the rubbish, which are burnt?

4:3. Tobias also the Ammonite who was by him said: Let them build: if a

fox go up, he will leap over their stone wall.

4:4. Hear thou our God, for we are despised: turn their reproach upon

their own head, and give them to be despised in a land of captivity.

4:5. Cover not their iniquity, and let not their sin be blotted out

from before thy face, because they have mocked thy builders.

4:6. So we built the wall, and joined it all together unto the half

thereof: and the heart of the people was excited to work.

4:7. And it came to pass, when Sanaballat, and Tobias, and the

Arabians, and the Ammonites, and the Azotians heard that the walls of

Jerusalem were made up, and the breaches began to be closed, that they

were exceedingly angry.

4:8. And they all assembled themselves together, to come, and to fight

against Jerusalem, and to prepare ambushes.

4:9. And we prayed to our God, and set watchmen upon the wall day and

night against them.

4:10. And Juda said: The strength of the bearer of burdens is decayed,

and the rubbish is very much, and we shall not be able to build the


4:11. And our enemies said: Let them not know, nor understand, till we

come in the midst of them, and kill them, and cause the work to cease.

4:12. And it came to pass, that when the Jews that dwelt by them came

and told us ten times, out of all the places from whence they came to


4:13. I set the people in the place behind the wall round about in

order, with their swords, and spears, and bows.

4:14. And I looked and rose up: and I said to the chief men and the

magistrates, and to the rest of the common people: be not afraid of

them. Remember the Lord who is great and terrible, and fight for your

brethren, your sons, and your daughters, and your wives, and your


4:15. And it came to pass, when our enemies heard that the thing had

been told us, that God defeated their counsel. And we returned all of

us to the walls, every man to his work.

4:16. And it came to pass from that day forward, that half of their

young men did the work, and half were ready for to fight, with spears,

and shields, and bows, and coats of mail, and the rulers were behind

them in all the house of Juda.

4:17. Of them that built on the wall and that carried burdens, and that

laded: with one of his hands he did the work, and with the other he

held a sword.

4:18. For every one of the builders was girded with a sword about his

reins. And they built, and sounded with a trumpet by me.

4:19. And I said to the nobles, and to the magistrates, and to the rest

of the common people: The work is great and wide, and we are separated

on the wall one far from another:

4:20. In what place soever you shall hear the sound of the trumpet, run

all thither unto us: our God will fight for us.

4:21. And let us do the work: and let one half of us hold our spears

from the rising of the morning, till the stars appear.

4:22. At that time also I said to the people: Let every one with his

servant stay in the midst of Jerusalem, and let us take our turns in

the night, and by day, to work.

4:23. Now I and my brethren, and my servants, and the watchmen that

followed me, did not put off our clothes: only every man stripped

himself when he was to be washed.

Chapter 5

Nehemias blameth the rich, for their oppressing the poor. His

exhortation, and bounty to his countrymen.

5:1. Now there was a great cry of the people, and of their wives

against their brethren the Jews.

5:2. And there were some that said: Our sons and our daughters are very

many: let us take up corn for the price of them, and let us eat and


5:3. And there were some that said: Let us mortgage our lands, and our

vineyards, and our houses, and let us take corn because of the famine.

5:4. And others said: Let us borrow money for the king's tribute, and

let us give up our fields and vineyards:

5:5. And now our flesh is as the flesh of our brethren: and our

children as their children. Behold we bring into bondage our sons and

our daughters, and some of our daughters are bondwomen already, neither

have we wherewith to redeem them, and our fields and our vineyards

other men possess.

5:6. And I was exceedingly angry when I heard their cry according to

these words.

5:7. And my heart thought with myself: and I rebuked the nobles and

magistrates, and said to them: Do you every one exact usury of your

brethren? And I gathered together a great assembly against them,

5:8. And I said to them: We, as you know, have redeemed according to

our ability our brethren the Jews, that were sold to the Gentiles: and

will you then sell your brethren, for us to redeem them? And they held

their peace, and found not what to answer.

5:9. And I said to them: The thing you do is not good: why walk you not

in the fear of our God, that we be not exposed to the reproaches of the

Gentiles our enemies?

5:10. Both I and my brethren, and my servants, have lent money and corn

to many: let us all agree not to call for it again; let us forgive the

debt that is owing to us.

5:11. Restore ye to them this day their fields, and their vineyards,

and their oliveyards, and their houses: and the hundredth part of the

money, and of the corn, the wine, and the oil, which you were wont to

exact of them, give it rather for them.

5:12. And they said: We will restore, and we will require nothing of

them: and we will do as thou sayest. And I called the priests and took

an oath of them, to do according to what I had said.

5:13. Moreover I shook my lap, and said: So may God shake every man

that shall not accomplish this word, out of his house, and out of his

labours, thus may he be shaken out, and become empty. And all the

multitude said: Amen. And they praised God. And the people did

according to what was said.

5:14. And from the day, in which the king commanded me to be governor

in the land of Juda, from the twentieth year even to the two and

thirtieth year of Artaxerxes the king, for twelve years, I and my

brethren did not eat the yearly allowance that was due to the


5:15. But the former governors that had been before me, were chargeable

to the people, and took of them in bread, and wine, and in money every

day forty sicles: and their officers also oppressed the people. But I

did not so for the fear of God.

5:16. Moreover I built in the work of the wall, and I bought no land,

and all my servants were gathered together to the work.

5:17. The Jews also and the magistrates to the number of one hundred

and fifty men, were at my table, besides them that came to us from

among the nations that were round about us.

5:18. And there was prepared for me day be day one ox, and six choice

rams, besides fowls, and once in ten days I gave store of divers wines,

and many other things: yet I did not require my yearly allowance as

governor: for the people were very much impoverished.

5:19. Remember me, O my God, for good according to all that I have done

for this people.

Chapter 6

The enemies seek to terrify Nehemias. He proceedeth and finisheth the


6:1. And it came to pass, when Sanaballat, and Tobias, and Gossem the

Arabian, and the rest of our enemies, heard that I had built the wall,

and that there was no breach left in it, (though at that time I had not

set up the doors in the gates,)

6:2. Sanaballat and Gossem sent to me, saying: Come, and let us make a

league together in the villages, in the plain of Ono. But they thought

to do me mischief.

6:3. And I sent messengers to them, saying: I am doing a great work,

and I cannot come down, lest it be neglected whilst I come, and go down

to you.

6:4. And they sent to me according to this word, four times: and I

answered them after the same manner.

6:5. And Sanaballat sent his servant to me the fifth time according to

the former word, and he had a letter in his hand written in this


6:6. It is reported amongst the Gentiles, and Gossem hath said it, that

thou and the Jews think to rebel, and therefore thou buildest the wall,

and hast a mind to set thyself king over them: for which end

6:7. Thou hast also set up prophets, to preach of thee at Jerusalem,

saying: There is a king in Judea. The king will hear of these things:

therefore come now, that we may take counsel together.

6:8. And I sent to them, saying: There is no such thing done as thou

sayest: but thou feignest these things out of thy own heart.

6:9. For all these men thought to frighten us, thinking that our hands

would cease from the work, and that we would leave off. Wherefore I

strengthened my hands the more:

6:10. And I went into the house of Samaia the son of Delaia, the son of

Metabeel privately. And he said: Let us consult together in the house

of God in the midst of the temple: and let us shut the doors of the

temple, for they will come to kill thee, and in the night they will

come to slay thee.

6:11. And I said: Should such a man as I flee? and who is there that

being as I am, would go into the temple, to save his life? I will not

go in.

6:12. And I understood that God had not sent him, but that he had

spoken to me as if he had been prophesying, and Tobias, and Sanaballat

had hired him.

6:13. For he had taken money, that I being afraid should do this thing,

and sin, and they might have some evil to upbraid me withal.

6:14. Remember me, O Lord, for Tobias and Sanaballat, according to

their works of this kind: and Noadias the prophet, and the rest of the

prophets that would have put me in fear.

6:15. But the wall was finished the five and twentieth day of the month

of Elul, in two and fifty days.

6:16. And it came to pass when all our enemies heard of it, that all

nations which were round about us, were afraid, and were cast down

within themselves, for they perceived that this work was the work of


6:17. Moreover in those days many letters were sent by the principal

men of the Jews to Tobias, and from Tobias there came letters to them.

6:18. For there were many in Judea sworn to him, because he was the son

in law of Sechenias the son of Area, and Johanan his son had taken to

wife the daughter of Mosollam the son of Barachias.

6:19. And they praised him also before me, and they related my words to

him: And Tobias sent letters to put me in fear.

Chapter 7

Nehemias appointeth watchmen in Jerusalem. The list of those who came

first from Babylon.

7:1. Now after the wall was built, and I had set up the doors, and

numbered the porters and singing men, and Levites:

7:2. I commanded Hanani my brother, and Hananias ruler of the house of

Jerusalem, (for he seemed as a sincere man, and one that feared God

above the rest,)

7:3. And I said to them: Let not the gates of Jerusalem be opened till

the sun be hot. And while they were yet standing by the gates were

shut, and barred: and I set watchmen of the inhabitants of Jerusalem,

every one by their courses, and every man over against his house.

7:4. And the city was very wide and great, and the people few in the

midst thereof, and the houses were not built.

7:5. But God had put in my heart, and I assembled the princes and

magistrates, and common people, to number them: and I found a book of

the number of them who came up at first and therein it was found


7:6. These are the children of the province, who came up from the

captivity of them that had been carried away, whom Nabuchodonosor the

king of Babylon had carried away, and who returned into Judea, every

one into his own city.

7:7. Who came with Zorobabel, Josue, Nehemias, Azarias, Raamias,

Nahamani, Mardochai, Belsam, Mespharath, Begoia, Nahum, Baana. The

number of the men of the people of Israel:

7:8. The children of Pharos, two thousand one hundred seventy-two.

7:9. The children of Sephatia, three hundred seventy-two.

7:10. The children of Area, six hundred fifty-two.

7:11. The children of Phahath Moab of the children of Josue and Joab,

two thousand eight hundred eighteen.

7:12. The children of Elam, one thousand two hundred fifty-four.

7:13. The children of Zethua, eight hundred forty-five.

7:14. The children of Zachai, seven hundred sixty.

7:15. The children of Bannui, six hundred forty-eight.

7:16. The children of Bebai, six hundred twenty-eight.

7:17. The children of Azgad, two thousand three hundred twenty-two.

7:18. The children of Adonicam, six hundred sixty-seven.

7:19. The children of Beguai, two thousand sixty-seven.

7:20. The children of Adin, six hundred fifty-five.

7:21. The children of Ater, children of Hezechias, ninety-eight.

7:22. The children of Hasem, three hundred twenty-eight.

7:23. The children of Besai, three hundred twenty-four.

7:24. The children of Hareph, a hundred and twelve.

7:25. The children of Gabaon, ninety-five.

7:26. The children of Bethlehem, and Netupha, a hundred eighty-eight.

7:27. The men of Anathoth, a hundred twenty-eight.

7:28. The men of Bethazmoth, forty-two.

7:29. The men of Cariathiarim, Cephira, and Beroth, seven hundred


7:30. The men of Rama and Geba, six hundred twenty-one.

7:31. The men of Machmas, a hundred twenty-two.

7:32. The men of Bethel and Hai, a hundred twenty-three.

7:33. The men of the other Nebo, fifty-two.

7:34. The men of the other Elam, one thousand two hundred fifty-four.

7:35. The children of Harem, three hundred and twenty.

7:36. The children of Jericho, three hundred forty-five.

7:37. The children of Lod, of Hadid and Ono, seven hundred twenty-one.

7:38. The children of Senaa, three thousand nine hundred thirty.

7:39. The priests: the children of Idaia in the house of Josue, nine

hundred and seventy-three.

7:40. The children of Emmer, one thousand fifty-two.

7:41. The children of Phashur, one thousand two hundred forty-seven.

7:42. The children of Arem, one thousand and seventeen. The Levites:

7:43. The children of Josue and Cedmihel, the sons

7:44. Of Oduia, seventy-four. The singing men:

7:45. The children of Asaph, a hundred forty-eight.

7:46. The porters: the children of Sellum, the children of Ater, the

children of Telmon, the children of Accub, the children of Hatita, the

children of Sobai: a hundred thirty-eight.

7:47. The Nathinites: the children of Soha, the children of Hasupha,

the children of Tebbaoth,

7:48. The children of Ceros, the children os Siaa, the children of

Phadon, the children of Lebana, the children of Hagaba, the children of


7:49. The children of Hanan, the children of Geddel, the children of


7:50. The children of Raaia, the children of Rasin, the children of


7:51. The children of Gezem, the children of Asa, the children of


7:52. The children of Besai, the children of Munim, the children of


7:53. The children of Bacbuc, the children of Hacupha, the children of


7:54. The children of Besloth, the children of Mahida, the children of


7:55. The children of Bercos, the children of Sisara, the children of


7:56. The children of Nasia, the children of Hatipha,

7:57. The children of the servants of Solomon, the children of Sothai,

the children of Sophereth, the children of Pharida,

7:58. The children of Jahala, the children of Darcon, the children of


7:59. The children of Saphatia, the children of Hatil, the children of

Phochereth, who was born of Sabaim, the son of Amon.

7:60. All the Nathinites, and the children of the servants of Solomon,

three hundred ninety-two.

7:61. And these are they that came up from Telmela, Thelharsa, Cherub,

Addon, and Emmer: and could not shew the house of their fathers, nor

their seed, whether they were of Israel.

7:62. The children of Dalaia, the children of Tobia, the children of

Necoda, six hundred forty-two.

7:63. And of the priests, the children of Habia, the children of Accos,

the children of Berzellai, who took a wife of the daughters of

Berzellai the Galaadite, and he was called by their name.

7:64. These sought their writing in the record, and found it not: and

they were cast out of the priesthood.

7:65. And Athersatha said to them, that they should not eat of the

holies of holies, until there stood up a priest learned and skilful.

7:66. All the multitude as it were one man, forty-two thousand three

hundred sixty,

7:67. Beside their menservants and womenservants, who were seven

thousand three hundred thirty-seven: and among them singing men, and

singing women, two hundred forty-five.

7:68. Their horses, seven hundred thirty-six: their mules two hundred


7:69. Their camels, four hundred thirty-five, their asses, six thousand

seven hundred and twenty.

(Hitherto is related what was written in the record. From this place

forward goeth on the history of Nehemias.)

7:70. And some of the heads of the families gave unto the work.

Athersatha gave into the treasure a thousand drams of gold, fifty

bowls, and five hundred and thirty garments for priests.

Athersatha. . .That is, Nehemias; as appears from chap. 12. Either that

he was so called at the court of the king of Persia, where he was

cupbearer: or that, as some think, this name signifies governor; and he

was at that time governor of Judea.

7:71. And some of the heads of families gave to the treasure of the

work, twenty thousand drams of gold, and two thousand two hundred

pounds of silver.

7:72. And that which the rest of the people gave, was twenty thousand

drams of gold, and two thousand pounds of silver, and sixty-seven

garments for priests.

7:73. And the priests, and the Levites, and the porters, and the

singing men, and the rest of the common people, and the Nathinites, and

all Israel dwelt in their cities.

Chapter 8

Esdras readeth the law before the people. Nehemias comforteth them.

They celebrate the feast of tabernacles.

8:1. And the seventh month came: and the children of Israel were in

their cities. And all the people were gathered together as one man to

the street which is before the water gate, and they spoke to Esdras the

scribe, to bring the book of the law of Moses, which the Lord had

commanded to Israel.

8:2. Then Esdras the priest brought the law before the multitude of men

and women, and all those that could understand, in the first day of the

seventh month.

8:3. And he read it plainly in the street that was before the water

gate, from the morning until midday, before the men, and the women, and

all those that could understand: and the ears of all the people were

attentive to the book.

8:4. And Esdras the scribe stood upon a step of wood, which he had made

to speak upon, and there stood by him Mathathias, and Semeia, and Ania,

and Uria, and Helcia, and Maasia, on his right hand: and on the left,

Phadaia, Misael, and Melchia, and Hasum, and Hasbadana, Zacharia and


8:5. And Esdras opened the book before all the people: for he was above

all the people: and when he had opened it, all the people stood.

8:6. And Esdras blessed the Lord the great God: and all the people

answered, Amen, amen: lifting up their hands: and they bowed down, and

adored God with their faces to the ground.

8:7. Now Josue, and Bani, and Serebia, Jamin, Accub, Sephtai, Odia,

Maasia, Celtia, Azarias, Jozabed, Hanan, Phalaia, the Levites, made

silence among the people to hear the law: and the people stood in their


8:8. And they read in the book of the law of God distinctly and plainly

to be understood: and they understood when it was read.

8:9. And Nehemias (he is Athersatha) and Esdras the priest and scribe,

and the Levites who interpreted to all the people, said: This is a holy

day to the Lord our God: do not mourn, nor weep: for all the people

wept, when they heard the words of the law.

8:10. And he said to them: Go, eat fat meats, and drink sweet wine, and

send portions to them that have not prepared for themselves: because it

is the holy day of the Lord, and be not sad: for the joy of the Lord is

our strength.

8:11. And the Levites stilled all the people, saying: Hold your peace,

for the day is holy, and be not sorrowful.

8:12. So all the people went to eat and drink, and to send portions,

and to make great mirth: because they understood the words that he had

taught them.

8:13. And on the second day the chiefs of the families of all the

people, the priests, and the Levites were gathered together to Esdras

the scribe, that he should interpret to them the words of the law.

8:14. And they found written in the law, that the Lord had commanded by

the hand of Moses, that the children of Israel should dwell in

tabernacles, on the feast, in the seventh month:

8:15. And that they should proclaim and publish the word in all their

cities, and in Jerusalem, saying: Go forth to the mount, and fetch

branches of olive, and branches of beautiful wood, branches of myrtle,

and branches of palm, and branches of thick trees, to make tabernacles,

as it is written.

8:16. And the people went forth, and brought. And they made themselves

tabernacles every man on the top of his house, and in their courts, and

in the courts of the house of God, and in the street of the water gate,

and in the street of the gate of Ephraim.

8:17. And all the assembly of them that were returned from the

captivity, made tabernacles, and dwelt in tabernacles: for since the

days of Josue the son of Nun the children of Israel had not done so,

until that day: and there was exceeding great joy.

8:18. And he read in the book of the law of God day by day, from the

first day till the last, and they kept the solemnity seven days, and in

the eighth day a solemn assembly according to the manner.

Chapter 9

The people repent with fasting and sackcloth. The Levites confess God's

benefits, and the people's ingratitude: they pray for them, and make a

covenant with God.

9:1. And in the four and twentieth day of the month the children of

Israel came together with fasting and with sackcloth, and earth upon


9:2. And the seed of the children of Israel separated themselves from

every stranger: and they stood, and confessed their sins, and the

iniquities of their fathers.

9:3. And they rose up to stand: and they read in the book of the law of

the Lord their God, four times in the day, and four times they

confessed, and adored the Lord their God.

9:4. And there stood up upon the step of the Levites, Josue, and Bani,

and Cedmihel, Sabania, Bonni, Sarebias, Bani, and Chanani: and they

cried with a loud voice to the Lord their God.

9:5. And the Levites Josue and Cedmihel, Bonni, Hasebnia, Serebia,

Oduia, Sebnia, and Phathahia, said: Arise, bless the Lord your God from

eternity to eternity: and blessed be the high name of thy glory with

all blessing and praise.

9:6. Thou thyself, O Lord alone, thou hast made heaven, and the heaven

of heavens, and all the host thereof: the earth and all things that are

in it: the seas and all that are therein: and thou givest life to all

these things, and the host of heaven adoreth thee.

9:7. Thou O Lord God, art he who chosest Abram, and broughtest him

forth out of the fire of the Chaldeans, and gavest him the name of


The fire of the Chaldeans. . .The city of Ur in Chaldea, the name of

which signifies fire. Or out of the fire of the tribulations and

temptations, to which he was there exposed.--The ancient Rabbins

understood this literally, affirming that Abram was cast into the fire

by the idolaters, and brought out by a miracle without any hurt.

9:8. And thou didst find his heart faithful before thee: and thou

madest a covenant with him, to give him the land of the Chanaanite, of

the Hethite, and of the Amorrhite, and of the Pherezite, and of the

Jebusite, and of the Gergezite, to give it to his seed: and thou hast

fulfilled thy words, because thou art just.

9:9. And thou sawest the affliction of our fathers in Egypt: and thou

didst hear their cry by the Red Sea.

9:10. And thou shewedst signs and wonders upon Pharao, and upon all his

servants, and upon the people of his land: for thou knewest that they

dealt proudly against them: and thou madest thyself a name, as it is at

this day.

9:11. And thou didst divide the sea before them, and they passed

through the midst of the sea on dry land: but their persecutors thou

threwest into the depth, as a stone into mighty waters.

9:12. And in a pillar of a cloud thou wast their leader by day, and in

a pillar of fire by night, that they might see the way by which they


9:13. Thou camest down also to mount Sinai, and didst speak with them

from heaven, and thou gavest them right judgments, and the law of

truth, ceremonies, and good precepts.

9:14. Thou madest known to them thy holy sabbath, and didst prescribe

to them commandments, and ceremonies, and the law by the hand of Moses

thy servant.

9:15. And thou gavest them bread from heaven in their hunger, and

broughtest forth water for them out of the rock in their thirst, and

thou saidst to them that they should go in, and possess the land, upon

which thou hadst lifted up thy hand to give it them.

9:16. But they and our fathers dealt proudly, and hardened their necks

and hearkened not to thy commandments.

9:17. And they would not hear, and they remembered not thy wonders

which thou hadst done for them. And they hardened their necks, and gave

the head to return to their bondage, as it were by contention. But

thou, a forgiving God, gracious, and merciful, longsuffering, and full

of compassion, didst not forsake them.

And gave the head. . .That is, they set their head, or were bent to

return to Egypt.

9:18. Yea when they had made also to themselves a molten calf, and had

said: This is thy God, that brought thee out of Egypt: and had

committed great blasphemies:

9:19. Yet thou, in thy many mercies, didst not leave them in the

desert: the pillar of the cloud departed not from them by day to lead

them in the way, and the pillar of fire by night to shew them the way

by which they should go.

9:20. And thou gavest them thy good Spirit to teach them, and thy manna

thou didst not withhold from their mouth, and thou gavest them water

for their thirst.

9:21. Forty years didst thou feed them in the desert, and nothing was

wanting to them: their garments did not grow old, and their feet were

not worn.

9:22. And thou gavest them kingdoms, and nations, and didst divide lots

for them: and they possessed the land of Sehon, and the land of the

king of Hesebon, and the land of Og king of Basan.

9:23. And thou didst multiply their children as the stars of heaven,

and broughtest them to the land concerning which thou hadst said to

their fathers, that they should go in and possess it.

9:24. And the children came and possessed the land, and thou didst

humble before them the inhabitants of the land, the Chanaanites, and

gavest them into their hands, with their kings, and the people of the

land, that they might do with them as it pleased them.

9:25. And they took strong cities and a fat land, and possessed houses

full of all goods: cisterns made by others, vineyards, and oliveyards,

and fruit trees in abundance: and they ate, and were filled, and became

fat, and abounded with delight in thy great goodness.

9:26. But they provoked thee to wrath, and departed from thee, and

threw thy law behind their backs: and they killed thy prophets, who

admonished them earnestly to return to thee: and they were guilty of

great blasphemies.

9:27. And thou gavest them into the hands of their enemies, and they

afflicted them. And in the time of their tribulation they cried to

thee, and thou heardest from heaven, and according to the multitude of

thy tender mercies thou gavest them saviours, to save them from the

hands of their enemies.

9:28. But after they had rest, they returned to do evil in thy sight:

and thou leftest them in the hand of their enemies, and they had

dominion over them. Then they returned, and cried to thee: and thou

heardest from heaven, and deliveredst them many times in thy mercies.

9:29. And thou didst admonish them to return to thy law. But they dealt

proudly, and hearkened not to thy commandments, but sinned against thy

judgments, which if a man do, he shall live in them: and they withdrew

the shoulder, and hardened their neck, and would not hear.

9:30. And thou didst forbear with them for many years, and didst

testify against them by thy spirit by the hand of thy prophets: and

they heard not, and thou didst deliver them into the hand of the people

of the lands.

9:31. Yet in thy very many mercies thou didst not utterly consume them,

nor forsake them: because thou art a merciful and gracious God.

9:32. Now therefore our God, great, strong, and terrible, who keepest

covenant and mercy, turn not away from thy face all the labour which

hath come upon us, upon our kings, and our princes, and our priests,

and our prophets, and our fathers, and all the people from the days of

the king of Assur, until this day.

9:33. And thou art just in all things that have come upon us: because

thou hast done truth, but we have done wickedly.

9:34. Our kings, our princes, our priests, and our fathers have not

kept thy law, and have not minded thy commandments, and thy testimonies

which thou hast testified among them.

9:35. And they have not served thee in their kingdoms, and in thy

manifold goodness, which thou gavest them, and in the large and fat

land, which thou deliveredst before them, nor did they return from

their most wicked devices.

9:36. Behold we ourselves this day are bondmen: and the land, which

thou gavest our fathers, to eat the bread thereof, and the good things

thereof, and we ourselves are servants in it.

9:37. And the fruits thereof grow up for the kings, whom thou hast set

over us for our sins, and they have dominion over our bodies, and over

our beasts, according to their will, and we are in great tribulation.

9:38. And because of all this we ourselves make a covenant, and write

it, and our princes, our Levites, and our priests sign it.

Chapter 10

The names of the subscribers to the covenant, and the contents of it.

10:1. And the subscribers were Nehemias, Athersatha the son of

Hachelai, and Sedecias,

10:2. Saraias, Azarias, Jeremias,

10:3. Pheshur, Amarias, Melchias,

10:4. Hattus, Sebenia, Melluch,

10:5. Harem, Merimuth, Obdias,

10:6. Daniel, Genthon, Baruch,

10:7. Mosollam, Abia, Miamin,

10:8. Maazia, Belgia, Semeia: these were priests.

10:9. And the Levites, Josue the son of Azanias, Bennui of the sons of

Henadad, Cedmihel,

10:10. And their brethren, Sebenia, Oduia, Celita, Phalaia, Hanan,

10:11. Micha, Rohob, Hasebia,

10:12. Zachur, Serebia, Sabania,

10:13. Odaia, Bani, Baninu.

10:14. The heads of the people, Pharos, Phahath Moab, Elam, Zethu,


10:15. Bonni, Azgad, Bebai,

10:16. Adonia, Begoai, Adin,

10:17. Ater, Hezecia, Azur,

10:18. Odaia, Hasum, Besai,

10:19. Hareph, Anathoth, Nebai,

10:20. Megphias, Mosollam, Hazir,

10:21. Mesizabel, Sadoc, Jeddua,

10:22. Pheltia, Hanan, Anaia,

10:23. Osee, Hanania, Hasub,

10:24. Alohes, Phalea, Sobec,

10:25. Rehum, Hasebna, Maasia,

10:26. Echaia, Hanan, Anan,

10:27. Melluch, Haran, Baana:

10:28. And the rest of the people, priests, Levites, porters, and

singing men, Nathinites, and all that had separated themselves from the

people of the lands to the law of God, their wives, their sons, and

their daughters.

10:29. All that could understand, promising for their brethren, with

their chief men, and they came to promise, and swear that they would

walk in the law of God, which he gave in the hand of Moses the servant

of God, that they would do and keep all the commandments of the Lord

our God, and his judgments and his ceremonies.

10:30. And that we would not give our daughters to the people of the

land, nor take their daughters for our sons.

10:31. And if the people of the land bring in things to sell, or any

things for use, to sell them on the sabbath day, that we would not buy

them on the sabbath, or on the holy day. And that we would leave the

seventh year, and the exaction of every hand.

10:32. And we made ordinances for ourselves, to give the third part of

a sicle every year for the work of the house of our God,

10:33. For the loaves of proposition, and for the continual sacrifice,

and for a continual holocaust on the sabbaths, on the new moons, on the

set feasts, and for the holy things, and for the sin offering: that

atonement might be made for Israel, and for every use of the house of

our God.

10:34. And we cast lots among the priests, and the Levites, and the

people for the offering of wood, that it might be brought into the

house of our God by the houses of our fathers at set times, from year

to year: to burn upon the altar of the Lord our God, as it is written

in the law of Moses:

10:35. And that we would bring the firstfruits of our land, and the

firstfruits of all fruit of every tree, from year to year, in the house

of our Lord.

10:36. And the firstborn of our sons, and of our cattle, as it is

written in the law, and the firstlings of our oxen, and of our sheep,

to be offered in the house of our God, to the priests who minister in

the house of our God.

10:37. And that we would bring the firstfruits of our meats, and of our

libations, and the fruit of every tree, of the vintage also and of oil

to the priests, to the storehouse of our God, and the tithes of our

ground to the Levites. The Levites also shall receive the tithes of our

works out of all the cities.

10:38. And the priest the son of Aaron shall be with the Levites in the

tithes of the Levites, and the Levites shall offer the tithe of their

tithes in the house of our God, to the storeroom into the treasure


10:39. For the children of Israel and the children of Levi shall carry

to the treasury the firstfruits of corn, of wine, and of oil: and the

sanctified vessels shall be there, and the priests, and the singing

men, and the porters, and ministers, and we will not forsake the house

of our God.

Chapter 11

Who were the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and the other cities.

11:1. And the princes of the people dwelt at Jerusalem: but the rest of

the people cast lots, to take one part in ten to dwell in Jerusalem the

holy city, and nine parts in the other cities.

11:2. And the people blessed all the men that willingly offered

themselves to dwell in Jerusalem.

11:3. These therefore are the chief men of the province, who dwelt in

Jerusalem, and in the cities of Juda. And every one dwelt in his

possession, in their cities: Israel, the priests, the Levites, the

Nathinites, and the children of the servants of Solomon.

11:4. And in Jerusalem there dwelt some of the children of Juda, and

some of the children of Benjamin: of the children of Juda, Athaias the

son of Aziam, the son of Zacharias, the son of Amarias, the son of

Saphatias, the son of Malaleel: of the sons of Phares,

11:5. Maasia the son of Baruch, the son of Cholhoza, the son of Hazia,

the son of Adaia, the son of Joiarib, the son of Zacharias, the son of

the Silonite:

11:6. All these the sons of Phares, who dwelt in Jerusalem, were four

hundred sixty-eight valiant men.

11:7. And these are the children of Benjamin: Sellum the son of

Mosollam, the son of Joed, the son of Phadaia, the son of Colaia, the

son of Masia, the son of Etheel, the son of Isaia.

11:8. And after him Gebbai, Sellai, nine hundred twenty-eight.

11:9. And Joel the son of Zechri their ruler, and Judas the son of

Senua was second over the city.

11:10. And of the priests Idaia the son of Joarib, Jachin,

11:11. Saraia the son of Helcias, the son of Mosollam, the son of

Sadoc, the son of Meraioth, the son of Achitob the prince of the house

of God,

11:12. And their brethren that do the works of the temple: eight

hundred twenty-two. And Adaia the son of Jeroham, the son of Phelelia,

the son of Amsi, the son of Zacharias, the son of Pheshur, the son of


11:13. And his brethren the chiefs of the fathers: two hundred

forty-two. And Amassai the son of Azreel, the son of Ahazi, the son of

Mosollamoth, the son of Emmer,

11:14. And their brethren who were very mighty, a hundred twenty-eight:

and their ruler Zabdiel son of the mighty.

11:15. And of the Levites Semeia the son of Hasub, the son of Azaricam,

the son of Hasabia, the son of Boni,

11:16. And Sabathai and Jozabed, who were over all the outward business

of the house of God, of the princes of the Levites,

11:17. And Mathania the son of Micha, the son of Zebedei, the son of

Asaph, was the principal man to praise, and to give glory in prayer,

and Becbecia, the second, one of his brethren, and Abda the son of

Samua, the son of Galal, the son of Idithun.

11:18. All the Levites in the holy city were two hundred eighty-four.

11:19. And the porters, Accub, Telmon, and their brethren, who kept the

doors: a hundred seventy-two.

11:20. And the rest of Israel, the priests and the Levites were in all

the cities of Juda, every man in his possession.

11:21. And the Nathinites, that dwelt in Ophel, and Siaha, and Gaspha

of the Nathinites.

11:22. And the overseer of the Levites in Jerusalem, was Azzi the son

of Bani, the son of Hasabia, the son of Mathania, the son of Micha. Of

the sons of Asaph, were the singing men in the ministry of the house of


11:23. For the king's commandment was concerning them, and an order

among the singing men day by day.

11:24. And Phathahia the son of Mesezebel of the children of Zara the

son of Juda was at the hand of the king, in all matters concerning the


11:25. And in the houses through all their countries. Of the children

of Juda some dwelt at Cariath-Arbe, and in the villages thereof: and at

Dibon, and in the villages thereof: and at Cabseel, and in the villages


11:26. And at Jesue, and at Molada, and at Bethphaleth,

11:27. And at Hasersuel, and at Bersabee, and in the villages thereof,

11:28. And at Siceleg, and at Mochona, and in the villages thereof,

11:29. And at Remmon, and at Saraa, and at Jerimuth,

11:30. Zanoa, Odollam, and in their villages, at Lachis and its

dependencies, and at Azeca and the villages thereof. And they dwelt

from Bersabee unto the valley of Ennom.

11:31. And the children of Benjamin, from Geba, at Mechmas, and at Hai,

and at Bethel, and in the villages thereof,

11:32. At Anathoth, Nob, Anania,

11:33. Asor, Rama, Gethaim,

11:34. Hadid, Seboim, and Neballat, Lod,

11:35. And Ono the valley of craftsmen.

11:36. And of the Levites were portions of Juda and Benjamin.

Chapter 12

The priests, and Levites that came up with Zorobabel. The succession of

high priests: the solemnity of the dedication of the wall.

12:1. Now these are the priests and the Levites, that went up with

Zorobabel the son of Salathiel, and Josue: Saraia, Jeremias, Esdras,

12:2. Amaria, Melluch, Hattus,

12:3. Sebenias, Rheum, Merimuth,

12:4. Addo, Genthon, Abia,

12:5. Miamin, Madia, Belga,

12:6. Semeia, and Joiarib, Idaia, Sellum Amoc, Helcias,

12:7. Idaia. These were the chief of the priests, and of their brethren

in the days of Josue.

12:8. And the Levites, Jesua, Bennui, Cedmihel, Sarebia, Juda,

Mathanias, they and their brethren were over the hymns:

12:9. And Becbecia, and Hanni, and their brethren every one in his


12:10. And Josue begot Joacim, and Joacim begot Eliasib, and Eliasib

begot Joiada,

12:11. And Joiada begot Jonathan and Jonathan begot Jeddoa.

12:12. And in the days of Joacim the priests and heads of the families

were: Of Saraia, Maraia: of Jeremias, Hanania:

12:13. Of Esdras, Mosollam: and of Amaria, Johanan:

12:14. Of Milicho, Jonathan: of Sebenia, Joseph:

12:15. Of Haram, Edna: of Maraioth, Helci:

12:16. Of Adaia, Zacharia: of Genthon, Mosollam:

12:17. Of Abia, Zechri: of Miamin and Moadia, Phelti:

12:18. Of Belga, Sammua of Semaia, Jonathan:

12:19. Of Joiarib, Mathanai: of Jodaia, Azzi:

12:20. Of Sellai, Celai: of Amoc, Heber:

12:21. Of Helcias, Hasebia: of Idaia, Nathanael.

12:22. The Levites the chiefs of the families in the days of Eliasib,

and Joiada, and Johanan, and Jeddoa, were recorded, and the priests in

the reign of Darius the Persian.

12:23. The sons of Levi, heads of the families were written in the book

of Chronicles, even unto the days of Jonathan the son of Eliasib.

12:24. Now the chief of the Levites were Hasebia, Serebia, and Josue

the son of Cedmihel: and their brethren by their courses, to praise and

to give thanks according to the commandment of David the man of God,

and to wait equally in order.

12:25. Mathania, and Becbecia, Obedia, and Mosollam, Telmon, Accub,

were keepers of the gates and of the entrances before the gates.

12:26. These were in the days of Joacim the son of Josue, the son of

Josedec, and in the days of Nehemias the governor, and of Esdras the

priest and scribe.

12:27. And at the dedication of the wall of Jerusalem they sought the

Levites out of all their places, to bring them to Jerusalem, and to

keep the dedication, and to rejoice with thanksgiving, and with

singing, and with cymbals, and psalteries and harps.

12:28. And the sons of the singing men were gathered together out of

the plain country about Jerusalem, and out of the villages of


12:29. And from the house of Galgal, and from the countries of Geba and

Azmaveth: for the singing men had built themselves villages round about


12:30. And the priests and the Levites were purified, and they purified

the people, and the gates, and the wall.

12:31. And I made the princes of Juda go up upon the wall, and I

appointed two great choirs to give praise. And they went on the right

hand upon the wall toward the dung gate.

12:32. And after them went Osaias, and half of the princes of Juda,

12:33. And Azarias, Esdras, and Mosollam, Judas, and Benjamin, and

Semeia, and Jeremias.

12:34. And of the sons of the priests with trumpets, Zacharias the son

of Jonathan, the son of Semeia, the son of Mathania, the son of

Michaia, the son of Zechur, the son of Asaph,

12:35. And his brethren Semeia, and Azareel, Malalai, Galalai, Maai,

Nathanael, and Judas, and Hanani, with the musical instruments of David

the man of God: and Esdras the scribe before them at the fountain gate.

12:36. And they went up over against them by the stairs of the city of

David, at the going up of the wall of the house of David, and to the

water gate eastward:

12:37. And the second choir of them that gave thanks went on the

opposite side, and I after them, and the half of the people upon the

wall, and upon the tower of the furnaces, even to the broad wall,

12:38. And above the gate of Ephraim, and above the old gate, and above

the fish gate and the tower of Hananeel, and the tower of Emath, and

even to the flock gate: and they stood still in the watch gate.

12:39. And the two choirs of them that gave praise stood still at the

house of God, and I and the half of the magistrates with me.

12:40. And the priests, Eliachim, Maasia, Miamin, Michea, Elioenai,

Zacharia, Hanania with trumpets,

12:41. And Maasia, and Semeia, and Eleazar, and Azzi, and Johanan, and

Melchia, and Elam, and Ezer. And the singers sung loud, and Jezraia was

their overseer:

12:42. And they sacrificed on that day great sacrifices, and they

rejoiced: for God had made them joyful with great joy: their wives also

and their children rejoiced, and the joy of Jerusalem was heard afar


12:43. They appointed also in that day men over the storehouses of the

treasure, for the libations, and for the firstfruits, and for the

tithes, that the rulers of the city might bring them in by them in

honour of thanksgiving, for the priests and Levites: for Juda was

joyful in the priests and Levites that assisted.

12:44. And they kept the watch of their God, and the observance of

expiation, and the singing men, and the porters, according to the

commandment of David, and of Solomon his son.

12:45. For in the days of David and Asaph from the beginning there were

chief singers appointed, to praise with canticles, and give thanks to


12:46. And all Israel, in the days of Zorobabel, and in the days of

Nehemias gave portions to the singing men, and to the porters, day by

day, and they sanctified the Levites, and the Levites sanctified the

sons of Aaron.

Sanctified. . .That is, they gave them that which by the law was set

aside, and sanctified for their use.

Chapter 13

Divers abuses are reformed.

13:1. And on that day they read in the book of Moses in the hearing of

the people: and therein was found written, that the Ammonites and the

Moabites should not come in to the church of God for ever:

13:2. Because they met not the children of Israel with bread and water:

and they hired against them Balaam, to curse them, and our God turned

the curse into blessing.

13:3. And it came to pass, when they had heard the law, that they

separated every stranger from Israel.

13:4. And over this thing was Eliasib the priest, who was set over the

treasury of the house of our God, and was near akin to Tobias.

Over this thing, etc. . .Or, he was faulty in this thing, or in this


13:5. And he made him a great storeroom, where before him they laid up

gifts, and frankincense, and vessels, and the tithes of the corn, of

the wine, and of the oil, the portions of the Levites, and of the

singing men, and of the porters, and the firstfruits of the priests.

13:6. But in all this time I was not in Jerusalem, because in the two

and thirtieth year of Artaxerxes king of Babylon, I went to the king,

and after certain days I asked the king:

13:7. And I came to Jerusalem, and I understood the evil that Eliasib

had done for Tobias, to make him a storehouse in the courts of the

house of God.

13:8. And it seemed to me exceeding evil. And I cast forth the vessels

of the house of Tobias out of the storehouse.

13:9. And I commanded and they cleansed again the vessels of the house

of God, the sacrifice, and the frankincense.

13:10. And I perceived that the portions of the Levites had not been

given them: and that the Levites, and the singing men, and they that

ministered were fled away every man to his own country:

13:11. And I pleaded the matter against the magistrates, and said: Why

have we forsaken the house of God? And I gathered them together, and I

made them to stand in their places.

13:12. And all Juda brought the tithe of the corn, and the wine, and

the oil into the storehouses.

13:13. And we set over the storehouses Selemias the priest, and Sadoc

the scribe, and of the Levites Phadaia, and next to them Hanan the son

of Zachur, the son of Mathania: for they were approved as faithful, and

to them were committed the portions of their brethren.

13:14. Remember me, O my God, for this thing, and wipe not out my

kindnesses, which I have done relating to the house of my God and his


13:15. In those days I saw in Juda some treading the presses on the

sabbath, and carrying sheaves, and lading asses with wine, and grapes,

and figs, and all manner of burthens, and bringing them into Jerusalem

on the sabbath day. And I charged them that they should sell on a day

on which it was lawful to sell.

13:16. Some Tyrians also dwelt there, who brought fish, and all manner

of wares: and they sold them on the sabbaths to the children of Juda in


13:17. And I rebuked the chief men of Juda, and said to them: What is

this evil thing that you are doing, profaning the sabbath day:

13:18. Did not our fathers do these things, and our God brought all

this evil upon us, and upon this city? And you bring more wrath upon

Israel by violating the sabbath.

13:19. And it came to pass, that when the gates of Jerusalem were at

rest on the sabbath day, I spoke: and they shut the gates, and I

commanded that they should not open them till after the sabbath: and I

set some of my servants at the gates, that none should bring in

burthens on the sabbath day.

13:20. So the merchants, and they that sold all kinds of wares, stayed

without Jerusalem, once or twice.

13:21. And I charged them, and I said to them: Why stay you before the

wall? if you do so another time, I will lay hands on you. And from that

time they came no more on the sabbath.

13:22. I spoke also to the Levites that they should be purified, and

should come to keep the gates, and to sanctify the sabbath day: for

this also remember me, O my God, and spare me according to the

multitude of thy tender mercies.

13:23. In those days also I saw Jews that married wives, women of

Azotus, and of Ammon, and of Moab.

13:24. And their children spoke half in the speech of Azotus, and could

not speak the Jews' language, but they spoke according to the language

of this and that people.

13:25. And I chid them, and laid my curse upon them. And I beat some of

them, and shaved off their hair, and made them swear by God that they

would not give their daughters to their sons, nor take their daughters

for their sons, nor for themselves, saying:

13:26. Did not Solomon king of Israel sin in this kind of thing: and

surely among many nations, there was not a king like him, and he was

beloved of his God, and God made him king over all Israel: and yet

women of other countries brought even him to sin.

13:27. And shall we also be disobedient and do all this great evil to

transgress against our God, and marry strange women:

13:28. And one of the sons of Joiada the son of Eliasib the high

priest, was son in law to Sanaballat the Horonite, and I drove him from


13:29. Remember them, O Lord my God, that defile the priesthood, and

the law of priests and Levites.

13:30. So I separated from them all strangers, and I appointed the

courses of the priests and the Levites, every man in his ministry:

13:31. And for the offering of wood at times appointed, and for the

firstfruits: remember me, O my God, unto good. Amen.