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            THE BOOK OF JOB

Chapter 1

Job's virtue and riches. Satan by permission from God strippeth him of

all his substance. His patience.

1:1. There was a man in the land of Hus, whose name was Job, and that

man was simple and upright, and fearing God, and avoiding evil.

Hus. . .The land of Hus was a part of Edom; as appears from Lam.

4.21.--Ibid. Simple. . .That is, innocent, sincere, and without guile.

1:2. And there were born to him seven sons and three daughters.

1:3. And his possession was seven thousand sheep, and three thousand

camels, and five hundred yoke of oxen, and five hundred she asses, and

a family exceedingly great: and this man was great among all the people

of the east.

1:4. And his sons went, and made a feast by houses, every one in his

day. And sending, they called their three sisters, to eat and drink

with them.

And made a feast by houses. . .That is, each made a feast in his own

house and had his day, inviting the others, and their sisters.

1:5. And when the days of their feasting were gone about, Job sent to

them, and sanctified them: and rising up early, offered holocausts for

every one of them. For he said: Lest perhaps my sons have sinned, and

have blessed God in their hearts. So did Job all days.

Blessed. . .For greater horror of the very thought of blasphemy, the

scripture both here and ver. 11, and in the following chapter, ver. 5

and 9, uses the word bless to signify its contrary.

1:6. Now on a certain day, when the sons of God came to stand before

the Lord, Satan also was present among them.

The sons of God. . .The angels.--Ibid. Satan also, etc. This passage

represents to us in a figure, accommodated to the ways and

understandings of men, 1. The restless endeavours of Satan against the

servants of God; 2. That he can do nothing without God's permission; 3.

That God doth not permit him to tempt them above their strength: but

assists them by his divine grace in such manner, that the vain efforts

of the enemy only serve to illustrate their virtue and increase their


1:7. And the Lord said to him: Whence comest thou? And he answered and

said: I have gone round about the earth, and walked through it.

1:8. And the Lord said to him: Hast thou considered my servant, Job,

that there is none like him in the earth, a simple and upright man, and

fearing God, and avoiding evil?

1:9. And Satan answering, said: Doth Job fear God in vain?

1:10. Hast thou not made a fence for him, and his house, and all his

substance round about, blessed the works of his hands, and his

possession hath increased on the earth?

1:11. But stretch forth thy hand a little, and touch all that he hath,

and see if he bless thee not to thy face.

1:12. Then the Lord said to Satan: Behold, all that he hath is in thy

hand: only put not forth thy hand upon his person. And Satan went forth

from the presence of the Lord.

1:13. Now upon a certain day, when his sons and daughters were eating

and drinking wine, in the house of their eldest brother,

1:14. There came a messenger to Job, and said: The oxen were ploughing,

and the asses feeding beside them,

1:15. And the Sabeans rushed in, and took all away, and slew the

servants with the sword; and I alone have escaped to tell thee.

1:16. And while he was yet speaking, another came, and said: The fire

of God fell from heaven, and striking the sheep and the servants, hath

consumed them; and I alone have escaped to tell thee.

1:17. And while he also was yet speaking, there came another, and said:

The Chaldeans made three troops, and have fallen upon the camels, and

taken them; moreover, they have slain the servants with the sword: and

I alone have escaped to tell thee.

1:18. He was yet speaking, and behold another came in, and said: Thy

sons and daughters were eating and drinking wine in the house of their

eldest brother,

1:19. A violent wind came on a sudden from the side of the desert, and

shook the four corners of the house, and it fell upon thy children, and

they are dead: and I alone have escaped to tell thee.

1:20. Then Job rose up, and rent his garments, and having shaven his

head, fell down upon the ground, and worshipped,

1:21. And said: Naked came I out of my mother's womb, and naked shall I

return thither: the Lord gave, and the Lord hath taken away: as it hath

pleased the Lord, so is it done: blessed be the name of the Lord.

1:22. In all these things Job sinned not by his lips, nor spoke he any

foolish thing against God.

Chapter 2

2:1. And it came to pass, when on a certain day the sons of God came,

and stood before the Lord, and Satan came amongst them, and stood in

his sight,

2:2. That the Lord said to Satan: Whence comest thou? And he answered,

and said: I have gone round about the earth, and walked through it.

2:3. And the Lord said to Satan: Hast thou considered my servant, Job,

that there is none like him in the earth, a man simple and upright, and

fearing God, and avoiding evil, and still keeping his innocence? But

thou hast moved me against him, that I should afflict him without


2:4. And Satan answered, and said: Skin for skin; and all that a man

hath, he will give for his life:

2:5. But put forth thy hand, and touch his bone and his flesh, and then

thou shalt see that he will bless thee to thy face.

2:6. And the Lord said to Satan: Behold, he is in thy hand, but yet

save his life.

2:7. So Satan went forth from the presence of the Lord, and struck Job

with a very grievous ulcer, from the sole of the foot even to the top

of his head:

2:8. And he took a potsherd and scraped the corrupt matter, sitting on

a dunghill.

2:9. And his wife said to him: Dost thou still continue in thy

simplicity? bless God and die.

2:10. And he said to her: Thou hast spoken like one of the foolish

women: If we have received good things at the hand of God, why should

we not receive evil? In all these things Job did not sin with his lips.

2:11. Now when Job's three friends heard all the evil that had befallen

him, they came every one from his own place, Eliphaz, the Themanite,

and Baldad, the Suhite, and Sophar, the Naamathite. For they had made

an appointment to come together and visit him, and comfort him.

2:12. And when they had lifted up their eyes afar off, they knew him

not, and crying out, they wept, and rending their garments, they

sprinkled dust upon their heads toward heaven.

2:13. And they sat with him on the ground seven day and seven nights

and no man spoke to him a word: for they saw that his grief was very


Chapter 3

3:1. After this, Job opened his mouth, and cursed his day,

Cursed his day. . .Job cursed the day of his birth, not by way of

wishing evil to any thing of God's creation; but only to express in a

stronger manner his sense of human miseries in general, and of his own

calamities in particular.

3:2. And he said:

3:3. Let the day perish wherein I was born, and the night in which it

was said: A man child is conceived.

3:4. Let that day be turned into darkness, let not God regard it from

above, and let not the light shine upon it.

3:5. Let darkness, and the shadow of death, cover it, let a mist

overspread it, and let it be wrapped up in bitterness.

3:6. Let a darksome whirlwind seize upon that night, let it not be

counted in the days of the year, nor numbered in the months.

3:7. Let that night be solitary, and not worthy of praise.

3:8. Let them curse it who curse the day, who are ready to raise up a


3:9. Let the stars be darkened with the mist thereof: let it expect

light, and not see it, nor the rising of the dawning of the day:

3:10. Because it shut not up the doors of the womb that bore me, nor

took away evils from my eyes.

3:11. Why did I not die in the womb? why did I not perish when I came

out of the belly?

3:12. Why received upon the knees? why suckled at the breasts?

3:13. For now I should have been asleep and still, and should have rest

in my sleep:

3:14. With kings and consuls of the earth, who build themselves


3:15. Or with princes, that possess gold, and fill their houses with


3:16. Or as a hidden untimely birth, I should not be; or as they that,

being conceived, have not seen the light.

3:17. There the wicked cease from tumult, and there the wearied in

strength are at rest.

3:18. And they sometime bound together without disquiet, have not heard

the voice of the oppressor.

3:19. The small and great are there, and the servant is free from his


3:20. Why is light given to him that is in misery, and life to them

that are in bitterness of soul?

3:21. That look for death, and it cometh not, as they that dig for a


3:22. And they rejoice exceedingly when they have found the grave?

3:23. To a man whose way is hidden, and God hath surrounded him with


3:24. Before I eat I sigh: and as overflowing waters, so is my roaring:

3:25. For the fear which I feared, hath come upon me: and that which I

was afraid of, hath befallen me.

3:26. Have I not dissembled? have I not kept silence? have I not been

quiet? and indignation is come upon me.

Chapter 4

4:1. Then Eliphaz, the Themanite, answered, and said:

4:2. If we begin to speak to thee, perhaps thou wilt take it ill; but

who can withhold the words he hath conceived?

4:3. Behold thou hast taught many, and thou hast strengthened the weary


4:4. Thy words have confirmed them that were staggering, and thou hast

strengthened the trembling knees:

4:5. But now the scourge is come upon thee, and thou faintest: It hath

touched thee, and thou art troubled.

4:6. Where is thy fear, thy fortitude, thy patience, and the perfection

of thy ways?

4:7. Remember, I pray thee, who ever perished being innocent? or when

were the just destroyed?

4:8. On the contrary, I have seen those who work iniquity, and sow

sorrows, and reap them,

4:9. Perishing by the blast of God, and consumed by the spirit of his


4:10. The roaring of the lion, and the voice of the lioness, and the

teeth of the whelps of lions, are broken:

4:11. The tiger hath perished for want of prey, and the young lions are

scattered abroad.

4:12. Now there was a word spoken to me in private, and my ears by

stealth, as it were, received the veins of its whisper.

4:13. In the horror of a vision by night, when deep sleep is wont to

hold men,

4:14. Fear seized upon me, and trembling, and all my bones were


4:15. And when a spirit passed before me, the hair of my flesh stood


4:16. There stood one whose countenance I knew not, an image before my

eyes, and I heard the voice, as it were, of a gentle wind.

4:17. Shall man be justified in comparison of God, or shall a man be

more pure than his maker?

Shall man be justified in comparison of God, etc. . .These are the words

which Eliphaz had heard from an angel, which, ver. 15, he calls a


4:18. Behold, they that serve him are not steadfast, and in his angels

he found wickedness:

4:19. How much more shall they that dwell in houses of clay, who have

an earthly foundation, be consumed as with the moth?

4:20. From morning till evening they shall be cut down: and because no

one understandeth, they shall perish for ever.

4:21. And they that shall be left, shall be taken away from them: they

shall die, and not in wisdom.

Chapter 5

5:1. Call now, if there be any that will answer thee, and turn to some

of the saints.

5:2. Anger indeed killeth the foolish, and envy slayeth the little one.

5:3. I have seen a fool with a strong root, and I cursed his beauty


5:4. His children shall be far from safety, and shall be destroyed in

the gate, and there shall be none to deliver them.

5:5. Whose harvest the hungry shall eat, and the armed man shall take

him by violence, and the thirsty shall drink up his riches.

5:6. Nothing upon earth is done without a cause, and sorrow doth not

spring out of the ground.

5:7. Man is born to labour, and the bird to fly.

5:8. Wherefore I will pray to the Lord, and address my speech to God:

5:9. Who doth great things, and unsearchable and wonderful things

without number:

5:10. Who giveth rain upon the face of the earth, and watereth all

things with waters:

5:11. Who setteth up the humble on high, and comforteth with health

those that mourn.

5:12. Who bringeth to nought the designs of the malignant, so that

their hands cannot accomplish what they had begun:

5:13. Who catcheth the wise in their craftiness, and disappointeth the

counsel of the wicked:

5:14. They shall meet with darkness in the day, and grope at noonday as

in the night.

5:15. But he shall save the needy from the sword of their mouth, and

the poor from the hand of the violent.

5:16. And to the needy there shall be hope, but iniquity shall draw in

her mouth.

5:17. Blessed is the man whom God correcteth: refuse not, therefore,

the chastising of the Lord.

5:18. For he woundeth, and cureth: he striketh, and his hands shall


5:19. In six troubles he shall deliver thee, and in the seventh, evil

shall not touch thee.

5:20. In famine he shall deliver thee from death; and in battle, from

the hand of the sword.

5:21. Thou shalt be hidden from the scourge of the tongue: and thou

shalt not fear calamity when it cometh.

5:22. In destruction and famine thou shalt laugh: and thou shalt not be

afraid of the beasts of the earth.

5:23. But thou shalt have a covenant with the stones of the lands, and

the beasts of the earth shall be at peace with thee.

5:24. And thou shalt know that thy tabernacle is in peace, and visiting

thy beauty, thou shalt not sin.

5:25. Thou shalt know also that thy seed shall be multiplied, and thy

offspring like the grass of the earth.

5:26. Thou shalt enter into the grave in abundance, as a heap of wheat

is brought in its season.

5:27. Behold, this is even so, as we have searched out: which thou

having heard, consider it thoroughly in thy mind.

Chapter 6

6:1. But Job answered, and said:

6:2. O that my sins, whereby I have deserved wrath, and the calamity

that I suffer, were weighed in a balance.

My sins, etc. . .He does not mean to compare his sufferings with his

real sins: but with the imaginary crimes which his friends imputed to

him: and especially with his wrath, or grief, expressed in the third

chapter, which they so much accused. Though, as he tells them here, it

bore no proportion with the greatness of his calamity.

6:3. As the sand of the sea, this would appear heavier: therefore, my

words are full of sorrow:

6:4. For the arrows of the Lord are in me, the rage whereof drinketh up

my spirit, and the terrors of the Lord war against me.

6:5. Will the wild ass bray when he hath grass? or will the ox low when

he standeth before a full manger?

6:6. Or can an unsavoury thing be eaten, that is not seasoned with

salt? or can a man taste that which, when tasted, bringeth death?

6:7. The things which before my soul would not touch, now, through

anguish, are my meats.

6:8. Who will grant that my request may come: and that God may give me

what I look for?

6:9. And that he that hath begun may destroy me, that he may let loose

his hand, and cut me off?

6:10. And that this may be my comfort, that afflicting me with sorrow,

he spare not, nor I contradict the words of the Holy one.

6:11. For what is my strength, that I can hold out? or what is my end,

that I should keep patience?

6:12. My strength is not the strength of stones, nor is my flesh of


6:13. Behold there is no help for me in myself, and my familiar friends

also are departed from me.

6:14. He that taketh away mercy from his friend, forsaketh the fear of

the Lord.

6:15. My brethren have passed by me, as the torrent that passeth

swiftly in the valleys.

6:16. They that fear the hoary frost, the snow shall fall upon them.

6:17. At the time when they shall be scattered they shall perish: and

after it groweth hot, they shall be melted out of their place.

6:18. The paths of their steps are entangled: they shall walk in vain,

and shall perish.

6:19. Consider the paths of Thema, the ways of Saba, and wait a little


6:20. They arc confounded, because I have hoped: they are come also

even unto me, and are covered with shame.

6:21. Now you are come: and now, seeing my affliction, you are afraid.

6:22. Did I say: Bring to me, and give me of your substance?

6:23. Or deliver me from the hand of the enemy, and rescue me out of

the hand of the mighty?

6:24. Teach me, and I will hold my peace: and if I have been ignorant

of any thing, instruct me.

6:25. Why have you detracted the words of truth, whereas there is none

of you that can reprove me?

6:26. You dress up speeches only to rebuke, and you utter words to the


6:27. You rush in upon the fatherless, and you endeavour to overthrow

your friend.

6:28. However, finish what you have begun: give ear and see whether I


6:29. Answer, I beseech you, without contention: and speaking that

which is just, judge ye.

6:30. And you shall not find iniquity in my tongue, neither shall folly

sound in my mouth.

Chapter 7

7:1. The life of man upon earth is a warfare, and his days are like the

days of a hireling.

7:2. As a servant longeth for the shade, as the hireling looketh for

the end of his work;

7:3. So I also have had empty months, and have numbered to myself

wearisome nights.

7:4. If I lie down to sleep, I shall say: When shall I rise? and again,

I shall look for the evening, and shall be filled with sorrows even

till darkness.

7:5. My flesh is clothed with rottenness and the filth of dust; my skin

is withered and drawn together.

7:6. My days have passed more swiftly than the web is cut by the

weaver, and are consumed without any hope.

7:7. Remember that my life is but wind, and my eye shall not return to

see good things.

7:8. Nor shall the sight of man behold me: thy eyes are upon me, and I

shall be no more.

7:9. As a cloud is consumed, and passeth away: so he that shall go down

to hell shall not come up.

7:10. Nor shall he return any more into his house, neither shall his

place know him any more

7:11. Wherefore, I will not spare my month, I will speak in the

affliction of my spirit: I will talk with the bitterness of my soul.

7:12. Am I a sea, or a whale, that thou hast inclosed me in a prison?

7:13. If I say: My bed shall comfort me, and I shall be relieved,

speaking with myself on my couch:

7:14. Thou wilt frighten me with dreams, and terrify me with visions.

7:15. So that my soul rather chooseth hanging, and my bones death.

7:16. I have done with hope, I shall now live no longer: spare me, for

my days are nothing.

7:17. What is a man, that thou shouldst magnify him or why dost thou

set thy heart upon him?

7:18. Thou visitest him early in the morning, and thou provest him


7:19. How long wilt thou not spare me, nor suffer me to swallow down my


7:20. I have sinned: what shall I do to thee, O keeper of men? why hast

thou set me opposite to thee. and am I become burdensome to myself?

7:21. Why dost thou not remove my sin, and why dost thou not take away

my iniquity? Behold now I shall sleep in the dust: and if thou seek me

in the morning, I shall not be.

Chapter 8

8:1. Then Baldad, the Suhite, answered, and said:

8:2. How long wilt thou speak these things, and how long shall the

words of thy mouth be like a strong wind?

8:3. Doth God pervert judgment, or doth the Almighty overthrow that

which is just?

8:4. Although thy children have sinned against him, and he hath left

them in the hand of their iniquity:

8:5. Yet if thou wilt arise early to God, and wilt beseech the


8:6. If thou wilt walk clean and upright, he will presently awake unto

thee, and will make the dwelling of thy justice peaceable:

8:7. In so much, that if thy former things were small thy latter things

would be multiplied exceedingly.

8:8. For inquire of the former generation, and search diligently into

the memory of the fathers:

8:9. (For we are but of yesterday, and are ignorant that our days upon

earth are but a shadow

8:10. And they shall teach thee: they shall speak to thee, and utter

words out of their hearts.

8:11. Can the rush be green without moisture? or sedge bush grow

without water?

8:12. When it is yet in flower, and is not plucked u with the hand, it

withereth before all herbs.

8:13. Even so are the ways of all that forget God, an the hope of the

hypocrite shall perish:

8:14. His folly shall not please him, and his trust shall be like the

spider's web.

8:15. He shall lean upon his house, and it shall no stand: he shall

prop it up, and it shall not rise:

8:16. He seemeth to have moisture before the sun cometh; and at his

rising, his blossom shall shoot forth.

8:17. His roots shall be thick upon a heap of stones; and among the

stones he shall abide.

8:18. If one swallow him up out of his place, he shall deny him, and

shall say: I know thee not.

8:19. For this is the joy of his way, that others may spring again out

of the earth.

8:20. God will not cast away the simple, nor reach out his hand to the

evil doer:

8:21. Until thy mouth be filled with laughter, and thy lips with


8:22. They that hate thee, shall be clothed with confusion: and the

dwelling of the wicked shall not stand.

Chapter 9

9:1. And Job answered, and said:

9:2. Indeed I know it is so, and that man cannot be justified, compared

with God.

9:3. If he will contend with him, he cannot answer him one for a


9:4. He is wise in heart, and mighty in strength: who hath resisted

him, and hath had peace?

9:5. Who hath removed mountains, and they whom he overthrew in his

wrath, knew it not.

9:6. Who shaketh the earth out of her place, and the pillars thereof


9:7. Who commandeth the sun, and it riseth not: and shutteth up the

stars, as it were, under a seal:

9:8. Who alone spreadeth out the heavens, and walketh upon the waves of

the sea

9:9. Who maketh Arcturus, and Orion, and Hyades, and the inner parts of

the south.

Arcturus, etc. . .These are names of stars or constellations. In Hebrew,

Ash, Cesil, and Cimah. See note chap. 38, ver. 31.

9:10. Who doth things great and incomprehensible, and wonderful, of

which there is no number.

9:11. If he come to me, I shall not see him: if he depart, I shall not


9:12. If he examine on a sudden, who shall answer him? or who can say:

Why dost thou so?

9:13. God, whose wrath no man can resist, and under whom they stoop

that bear up the world.

9:14. What am I then, that I should answer him, and have words with


9:15. I, who although I should have any just thing, would not answer,

but would make supplication to my judge.

9:16. And if he should hear me when I call, I should not believe that

he had heard my voice.

9:17. For he shall crush me in a whirlwind, and multiply my wounds even

without cause.

Without cause. . .That is, without my knowing the cause: or without any

crime of mine.

9:18. He alloweth not my spirit to rest, and he filleth me with


9:19. If strength be demanded, he is most strong: if equity of

judgment, no man dare bear witness for me.

9:20. If I would justify myself, my own mouth shall condemn me: if I

would shew myself innocent, he shall prove me wicked.

9:21. Although I should be simple, even this my soul shall be ignorant

of, and I shall be weary of my life.

9:22. One thing there is that I have spoken, both the innocent and the

wicked he consumeth.

9:23. If he scourge, let him kill at once, and not laugh at the pains

of the innocent.

9:24. The earth is given into the hand of the wicked, he covereth the

face of the judges thereof: and if it be not he, who is it then?

9:25. My days have been swifter than a post: they have fled away and

have not seen good.

9:26. They have passed by as ships carrying fruits, as an eagle flying

to the prey.

9:27. If I say: I will not speak so: I change my face, and am tormented

with sorrow.

9:28. I feared all my works, knowing that thou didst not spare the


9:29. But if so also I am wicked, why have I laboured in vain?

9:30. If I be washed, as it were, with snow waters, and my hands shall

shine ever so clean:

9:31. Yet thou shalt plunge me in filth, and my garments shall abhor


9:32. For I shall not answer a man that is like myself: nor one that

may be heard with me equally in judgment.

9:33. There is none that may be able to reprove both, and to put his

hand between both.

9:34. Let him take his rod away from me, and let not his fear terrify


9:35. I will speak, and will not fear him: for I cannot answer while I

am in fear.

Chapter 10

10:1. My soul is weary of my life, I will let go my speech against

myself, I will speak in the bitterness of my soul.

10:2. I will say to God: Do not condemn me: tell me why thou judgest me


10:3. Doth it seem good to thee that thou shouldst calumniate me, and

oppress me, the work of thy own hands, and help the counsel of the


10:4. Hast thou eyes of flesh: or, shalt thou see as man seeth?

10:5. Are thy days as the days of man, and are thy years as the times

of men:

10:6. That thou shouldst inquire after my iniquity, and search after my


10:7. And shouldst know that I have done no wicked thing, whereas there

is no man that can deliver out of thy hand?

10:8. Thy hands have made me, and fashioned me wholly round about, and

dost thou thus cast me down headlong on a sudden?

10:9. Remember, I beseech thee, that thou hast made me as the clay, and

thou wilt bring me into dust

10:10. Hast thou not milked me as milk, and curdled me like cheese?

10:11. Thou hast clothed me with skin and flesh: thou hast put me

together with bones and sinews:

10:12. Thou hast granted me life and mercy, and thy visitation hath

preserved my spirit.

10:13. Although thou conceal these things in thy heart, yet I know that

thou rememberest all things.

10:14. If I have sinned, and thou hast spared me for an hour: why dost

thou not suffer me to be clean from my iniquity?

10:15. And if I be wicked, woe unto me: and if just, I shall not lift

up my head, being filled with affliction and misery.

10:16. And for pride thou wilt take me as a lioness, and returning,

thou tormentest me wonderfully.

10:17. Thou renewest thy witnesses against me, and multipliest thy

wrath upon me, and pains war against me.

10:18. Why didst thou bring me forth out of the womb? O that I had been

consumed, that eye might not see me l

10:19. I should have been as if I had not been, carried from the womb

to the grave.

10:20. Shall not the fewness of my days be ended shortly? Suffer me,

therefore, that I may lament my sorrow a little:

10:21. Before I go and return no more, to a land that is dark and

covered with the mist of death:

10:22. A land of misery and darkness, where the shadow of death, and no

order, but everlasting horror dwelleth.

Chapter 11

Sophar reproves Job, for justifying himself, and invites him to


11:1. Then Sophar the Naamathite answered, and said:

11:2. Shall not he that speaketh much, hear also? or shall a man full

of talk be justified?

11:3. Shall men hold their peace to thee only? and when thou hast

mocked others, shall no man confute thee?

11:4. For thou hast said: My word is pure, and I am clean in thy sight.

11:5. And I wish that God would speak with thee, and would open his

lips to thee,

11:6. That he might shew thee the secrets of wisdom, and that his law

is manifold, and thou mightest understand that he exacteth much less of

thee, than thy iniquity deserveth.

11:7. Peradventure thou wilt comprehend the steps of God, and wilt find

out the Almighty perfectly?

11:8. He is higher than heaven, and what wilt thou do? he is deeper

than hell, and how wilt thou know?

11:9. The measure of him is longer than the earth, and broader than the


11:10. If he shall overturn all things, or shall press them together,

who shall contradict him?

11:11. For he knoweth the vanity of men, and when he seeth iniquity,

doth he not consider it?

11:12. A vain man is lifted up into pride, and thinketh himself born

free like a wild ass's colt.

11:13. But thou hast hardened thy heart, and hast spread thy hands to


11:14. If thou wilt put away from thee the iniquity that is in thy

hand, and let not injustice remain in thy tabernacle:

11:15. Then mayst thou lift up thy face without spot, and thou shalt be

steadfast, and shalt not fear.

11:16. Thou shalt also forget misery, and remember it only as waters

that are passed away.

11:17. And brightness like that of the noonday, shall arise to thee at

evening: and when thou shalt think thyself consumed, thou shalt rise as

the day star.

11:18. And thou shalt have confidence, hope being set before thee, and

being buried thou shalt sleep secure.

11:19. Thou shalt rest, and there shall be none to make thee afraid:

and many shall entreat thy face.

11:20. But the eyes of the wicked shall decay, and the way to escape

shall fail them, and their hope the abomination of the soul.

Chapter 12

Job's reply to Sophar. He extols God's power and wisdom.

12:1. Then Job answered, and said:

12:2. Are you then men alone, and shall wisdom die with you?

12:3. I also have a heart as well as you: for who is ignorant of these

things, which you know?

12:4. He that is mocked by his friends as I, shall call upon God and he

will hear him: for the simplicity of the just man is laughed to scorn.

12:5. The lamp despised in the thoughts of the rich, is ready for the

time appointed.

12:6. The tabernacles of robbers abound, and they provoke God boldly;

whereas it is he that hath given all into their hands:

12:7. But ask now the beasts, and they shall teach thee: and the birds

of the air, and they shall tell thee.

12:8. Speak to the earth, and it shall answer thee: and the fishes of

the sea shall tell.

12:9. Who is ignorant that the hand of the Lord hath made all these


12:10. In whose hand is the soul of every living thing, and the spirit

of all flesh of man.

12:11. Doth not the ear discern words, and the palate of him that

eateth, the taste?

12:12. In the ancient is wisdom, and in length of days prudence.

12:13. With him is wisdom and strength, he hath counsel and


12:14. If he pull down, there is no man that can build up: if he shut

up a man, there is none that can open.

12:15. If he withhold the waters, all things shall be dried up: and if

he send them out, they shall overturn the earth.

12:16. With him is strength and wisdom: he knoweth both the deceivers,

and him that is deceived.

12:17. He bringeth counsellors to a foolish end, and judges to


12:18. He looseth the belt of kings, and girdeth their loins with a


12:19. He leadeth away priests without glory, and overthroweth nobles.

12:20. He changeth the speech of the true speakers, and taketh away the

doctrine of the aged.

12:21. He poureth contempt upon princes, and relieveth them that were


12:22. He discovereth deep things out of darkness, and bringeth up to

light the shadow of death.

12:23. He multiplieth nations, and destroyeth them, and restoreth them

again after they were overthrown.

12:24. He changeth the heart of the princes of the people of the earth,

and deceiveth them that they walk in vain where there is no way.

12:25. They shall grope as in the dark, and not in the light, and he

shall make them stagger like men that are drunk.

Chapter 13

Job persists in maintaining his innocence: and reproves his friends.

13:1. Behold my eye hath seen all these things, and my ear hath heard

them, and I have understood them all.

13:2. According to your knowledge I also know: neither am I inferior to


13:3. But yet I will speak to the Almighty, and I desire to reason with


13:4. Having first shewn that you are forgers of lies, and maintainers

of perverse opinions.

13:5. And I wish you would hold your peace, that you might be thought

to be wise men.

13:6. Hear ye therefore my reproof, and attend to the judgment of my


13:7. Hath God any need of your lie, that you should speak deceitfully

for him?

13:8. Do you accept this person, and do you endeavour to judge for God?

13:9. Or shall it please him, from whom nothing can be concealed? or

shall he be deceived as a man, with your deceitful dealings?

13:10. He shall reprove you, because in secret you accept his person.

13:11. As soon as he shall move himself, he shall trouble you: and his

dread shall fall upon you.

13:12. Your remembrance shall be compared to ashes, and your necks

shall be brought to clay.

13:13. Hold your peace a little while, that I may speak whatsoever my

mind shall suggest to me.

13:14. Why do I tear my flesh with my teeth, and carry my soul in my


13:15. Although he should kill me, I will trust in him: but yet I will

reprove my ways in his sight.

13:16. And he shall be my saviour: for no hypocrite shall come before

his presence.

13:17. Hear ye my speech, and receive with your ears hidden truths.

13:18. If I shall be judged, I know that I shall be found just.

13:19. Who is he that will plead against me? let him come: why am I

consumed holding my peace?

13:20. Two things only do not to me, and then from thy face I shall not

be hid:

13:21. Withdraw thy hand far from me, and let not thy dread terrify me.

13:22. Call me, and I will answer thee: or else I will speak, and do

thou answer me.

13:23. How many are my iniquities and sins? make me know my crimes and


13:24. Why hidest thou thy face, and thinkest me thy enemy?

13:25. Against a leaf, that is carried away with the wind, thou shewest

thy power, and thou pursuest a dry straw.

13:26. For thou writest bitter things against me, and wilt consume me

for the sins of my youth.

13:27. Thou hast put my feet in the stocks, and hast observed all my

paths, and hast considered the steps of my feet:

13:28. Who am to be consumed as rottenness, and as a garment that is


Chapter 14

Job declares the shortness of man's days: and professes his belief of a


14:1. Man born of a woman, living for a short time, is filled with many


14:2. Who cometh forth like a flower, and is destroyed, and fleeth as a

shadow, and never continueth in the same state.

14:3. And dost thou think it meet to open thy eyes upon such an one,

and to bring him into judgment with thee?

14:4. Who can make him clean that is conceived of unclean seed? is it

not thou who only art?

14:5. The days of man are short, and the number of his months is with

thee: thou hast appointed his bounds which cannot be passed.

14:6. Depart a little from him, that he may rest until his wished for

day come, as that of the hireling.

14:7. A tree hath hope: if it be cut, it growth green again, and the

boughs thereof sprout.

14:8. If its roots be old in the earth, and its stock be dead in the


14:9. At the scent of water, it shall spring, and bring forth leaves,

as when it was first planted.

14:10. But man when he shall be dead, and stripped and consumed, I pray

you where is he?

14:11. As if the waters should depart out of the sea, and an emptied

river should be dried up;

14:12. So man when he is fallen asleep shall not rise again; till the

heavens be broken, he shall not awake, nor rise up out of his sleep.

14:13. Who will grant me this, that thou mayst protect me in hell, and

hide me till thy wrath pass, and appoint me a time when thou wilt

remember me?

That thou mayst protect me in hell. . .That is, in the state of the

dead; and in the place where the souls are kept waiting for their


14:14. Shall man that is dead, thinkest thou, live again? all the days

in which I am now in warfare, I expect until my change come.

14:15. Thou shalt call me, and I will answer thee: to the work of thy

hands thou shalt reach out thy right hand.

14:16. Thou indeed hast numbered my steps, but spare my sins.

14:17. Thou hast sealed up my offences as it were in a bag, but hast

cured my iniquity.

14:18. A mountain falling cometh to nought, and a rock is removed out

of its place.

14:19. Waters wear away the stones, and with inundation the ground by

little and little is washed away: so in like manner thou shalt destroy


14:20. Thou hast strengthened him for a little while, that he may pass

away for ever: thou shalt change his face, and shalt send him away.

14:21. Whether his children come to honour or dishonour, he shall not


14:22. But yet his flesh, while he shall live, shall have pain, and his

soul shall mourn over him.

Chapter 15

Eliphaz returns to the charge against Job, and describes the wretched

state of the wicked.

15:1. And Eliphaz the Themanite, answered, and said:

15:2. Will a wise man answer as if he were speaking in the wind, and

fill his stomach with burning heat?

15:3. Thou reprovest him by words, who is not equal to thee, and thou

speakest that which is not good for thee.

15:4. As much as is in thee, thou hast made void fear, and hast taken

away prayers from before God.

Thou hast made void fear. . .That is, cast off the fear of offending


15:5. For thy iniquity hath taught thy mouth, and thou imitatest the

tongue of blasphemers.

15:6. Thy own mouth shall condemn thee, and not I: and thy own lips

shall answer thee.

15:7. Art thou the first man that was born, or wast thou made before

the hills?

15:8. Hast thou heard God's counsel, and shall his wisdom be inferior

to thee?

15:9. What knowest thou that we are ignorant of? what dost thou

understand that we know not?

15:10. There are with us also aged and ancient men, much elder than thy


15:11. Is it a great matter that God should comfort thee? but thy

wicked words hinder this.

15:12. Why doth thy heart elevate thee, and why dost thou stare with

thy eyes, as if they were thinking great things?

15:13. Why doth thy spirit swell against God, to utter such words out

of thy mouth?

15:14. What is man that he should be without spot, and he that is born

of a woman that he should appear just?

15:15. Behold among his saints none is unchangeable, and the heavens

are not pure in his sight.

15:16. How much more is man abominable, and unprofitable, who drinketh

iniquity like water?

15:17. I will shew thee, hear me: and I will tell thee what I have


15:18. Wise men confess and hide not their fathers.

Wise men confess and hide not their fathers. . .That is, the knowledge

and documents they have received from their fathers they are not

ashamed to own.

15:19. To whom alone the earth was given, and no stranger hath passed

among them.

15:20. The wicked man is proud all his days, and the number of the

years of his tyranny is uncertain.

15:21. The sound of dread is always in his ears: and when there is

peace, he always suspecteth treason.

15:22. He believeth not that he may return from darkness to light,

looking round about for the sword on every side.

15:23. When he moveth himself to seek bread, he knoweth that the day of

darkness is ready at his hand.

15:24. Tribulation shall terrify him, and distress shall surround him,

as a king that is prepared for the battle.

15:25. For he hath stretched out his hand against God, and hath

strengthened himself against the Almighty.

15:26. He hath run against him with his neck raised up, and is armed

with a fat neck.

15:27. Fatness hath covered his face, and the fat hangeth down on his


15:28. He hath dwelt in desolate cities, and in desert houses that are

reduced into heaps.

15:29. He shall not be enriched, neither shall his substance continue,

neither shall he push his root in the earth.

15:30. He shall not depart out of darkness: the flame shall dry up his

branches, and he shall be taken away by the breath of his own mouth.

15:31. He shall not believe, being vainly deceived by error, that he

may be redeemed with any price.

15:32. Before his days be full he shall perish: and his hands shall

wither away.

15:33. He shall be blasted as a vine when its grapes are in the first

flower, and as an olive tree that casteth its flower.

15:34. For the congregation of the hypocrite is barren, and fire shall

devour their tabernacles, who love to take bribes.

15:35. He hath conceived sorrow, and hath brought forth iniquity, and

his womb prepareth deceits.

Chapter 16

Job expostulates with his friends: and appeals to the judgment of God.

16:1. Then Job answered, and said:

16:2. I have often heard such things as these: you are all troublesome


16:3. Shall windy words have no end? or is it any trouble to thee to


16:4. I also could speak like you: and would God your soul were for my


16:5. I would comfort you also with words, and would wag my head over


16:6. I would strengthen you with my mouth, and would move my lips, as

sparing you.

16:7. But what shall I do? If I speak, my pain will not rest: and if I

hold my peace, it will not depart from me.

16:8. But now my sorrow hath oppressed me, and all my limbs are brought

to nothing.

16:9. My wrinkles bear witness against me, and a false speaker riseth

up against my face, contradicting me.

16:10. He hath gathered together his fury against me, and threatening

me he hath gnashed with his teeth upon me: my enemy hath beheld me with

terrible eyes.

16:11. They have opened their mouths upon me, and reproaching me they

have struck me on the cheek, they are filled with my pains.

16:12. God hath shut me up with the unjust man, and hath delivered me

into the hands of the wicked.

16:13. I that was formerly so wealthy, am all on a sudden broken to

pieces: he hath taken me by my neck, he hath broken me, and hath set me

up to be his mark.

16:14. He hath compassed me round about with his lances, he hath

wounded my loins, he hath not spared, and hath poured out my bowels on

the earth,

16:15. He hath torn me with wound upon wound, he hath rushed in upon me

like a giant.

16:16. I have sowed sackcloth upon my skin, and have covered my flesh

with ashes.

16:17. My face is swollen with weeping, and my eyelids are dim.

16:18. These things have I suffered without the iniquity of my hand,

when I offered pure prayers to God.

16:19. O earth, cover not thou my blood, neither let my cry find a

hiding place in thee.

16:20. For behold my witness is in heaven, and he that knoweth my

conscience is on high.

16:21. My friends are full of words: my eye poureth out tears to God.

16:22. And O that a man might so be judged with God, as the son of man

is judged with his companion!

16:23. For behold short years pass away, and I am walking in a path by

which I shall not return.

Chapter 17

Job's hope in God: he expects rest in death.

17:1. My spirit shall be wasted, my days shall be shortened and only

the grave remaineth for me.

17:2. I have not sinned, and my eye abideth in bitterness.

Not sinned. . .That is, I am not guilty of such sins as they charge me


17:3. Deliver me, O Lord, and set me beside thee, and let any man's

hand fight against me.

17:4. Thou hast set their heart far from understanding, therefore they

shall not be exalted.

17:5. He promiseth a prey to his companions, and the eyes of his

children shall fail.

17:6. He hath made me as it were a byword of the people, and I am an

example before them.

17:7. My eye is dim through indignation, and my limbs are brought as it

were to nothing.

17:8. The just shall be astonished at this, and the innocent shall be

raised up against the hypocrite.

17:9. And the just man shall hold on his way, and he that hath clean

hands shall be stronger and stronger.

17:10. Wherefore be you all converted, and come, and I shall not find

among you any wise man.

17:11. My days have passed away, my thoughts are dissipated, tormenting

my heart.

17:12. They have turned night into day, and after darkness I hope for

light again.

17:13. If I wait hell is my house, and I have made my bed in darkness.

Hell. . .Sheol. The region of the dead.

17:14. I have said to rottenness: Thou art my father; to worms, my

mother and my sister.

17:15. Where is now then my expectation, and who considereth my


17:16. All that I have shall go down into the deepest pit: thinkest

thou that there at least I shall have rest?

Deepest pit. . .Literally, hell.

Chapter 18

Baldad again reproves Job and describes the miseries of the wicked.

18:1. Then Baldad the Suhite answered, and said:

18:2. How long will you throw out words? understand first, and so let

us speak.

18:3. Why are we reputed as beasts, and counted vile before you?

18:4. Thou that destroyest thy soul in thy fury, shall the earth be

forsaken for thee, and shall rocks be removed out of their place?

18:5. Shall not the light of the wicked be extinguished, and the flame

of his fire not shine?

18:6. The light shall be dark in his tabernacle, and the lamp that is

over him, shall be put out.

18:7. The step of his strength shall be straitened, and his own counsel

shall cast him down headlong.

18:8. For he hath thrust his feet into a net, and walketh in its


18:9. The sole of his foot shall be held in a snare, and thirst shall

burn against him.

18:10. A gin is hidden for him in the earth, and his trap upon the


18:11. Fears shall terrify him on every side, and shall entangle his


18:12. Let his strength be wasted with famine, and let hunger invade

his ribs.

18:13. Let it devour the beauty of his skin, let the firstborn death

consume his arms.

18:14. Let his confidence be rooted out of his tabernacle, and let

destruction tread upon him like a king.

18:15. Let the companions of him that is not, dwell in his tabernacle,

let brimstone be sprinkled in his tent.

18:16. Let his roots be dried up beneath, and his harvest destroyed


18:17. Let the memory of him perish from the earth, and let not his

name be renowned in the streets.

18:18. He shall drive him out of light into darkness, and shall remove

him out of the world.

18:19. His seed shall not subsist, nor his offspring among his people,

nor any remnants in his country.

18:20. They that come after him shall be astonished at his day, and

horror shall fall upon them that went before.

18:21. These then are the tabernacles of the wicked, and this the place

of him that knoweth not God.

Chapter 19

Job complains of the cruelty of his friends; he describes his own

sufferings: and his belief of a future resurrection.

19:1. Then Job answered, and said:

19:2. How long do you afflict my soul, and break me in pieces with


19:3. Behold, these ten times you confound me, and are not ashamed to

oppress me.

19:4. For if I have been ignorant, my ignorance shall be with me.

19:5. But you set yourselves up against me, and reprove me with my


19:6. At least now understand, that God hath not afflicted me with an

equal judgment, and compassed me with his scourges.

With an equal judgment. . .St. Gregory explains these words thus: Job

being a just man, and truly considering his own life, thought that his

affliction was greater than his sins deserved: and in that respect,

that the punishment was not equal, yet it was just, as coming from God,

who gives a crown of justice to those who suffer for righteousness'

sake, and proves the just with tribulations, as gold is tried by fire.

19:7. Behold I shall cry suffering violence, and no one will hear: I

shall cry aloud, and there is none to judge.

19:8. He hath hedged in my path round about, and I cannot pass, and in

my way he hath set darkness.

19:9. He hath stripped me of my glory, and hath taken the crown from my


19:10. He hath destroyed me on every side, and I am lost, and he hath

taken away my hope, as from a tree that is plucked up.

19:11. His wrath is kindled against me, and he hath counted me as his


19:12. His troops have come together, and have made themselves a way by

me, and have besieged my tabernacle round about.

19:13. He hath put my brethren far from me, and my acquaintance like

strangers have departed from me.

19:14. My kinsmen have forsaken me, and they that knew me, have

forgotten me.

19:15. They that dwell in my house, and my maidservants have counted me

as a stranger, and I have been like an alien in their eyes.

19:16. I called my servant, and he gave me no answer, I entreated him

with my own mouth.

19:17. My wife hath abhorred my breath, and I entreated the children of

my womb.

19:18. Even fools despised me, and when I was gone from them, they

spoke against me.

19:19. They that were sometime my counsellors, have abhorred me: and he

whom I loved most is turned against me.

19:20. The flesh being consumed, my bone hath cleaved to my skin, and

nothing but lips are left about my teeth.

19:21. Have pity on me, have pity on me, at least you my friends,

because the hand of the Lord hath touched me.

19:22. Why do you persecute me as God, and glut yourselves with my


19:23. Who will grant me that my words may be written? who will grant

me that they may be marked down in a book?

19:24. With an iron pen and in a plate of lead, or else be graven with

an instrument in flint stone?

19:25. For I know that my Redeemer liveth, and in the last day I shall

rise out of the earth.

Ver. 25, 26, and 27 shew Job's explicit belief in his Redeemer, and

also of the resurrection of the flesh, not as one tree riseth in place

of another, but that the selfsame flesh shall rise at the last day, by

the power of God, changed in quality but not in substance, every one to

receive sentence according to his works in this life.

19:26. And I shall be clothed again with my skin, and in my flesh I

shall see my God.

19:27. Whom I myself shall see, and my eyes shall behold, and not

another: this my hope is laid up in my bosom.

19:28. Why then do you say now: Let us persecute him, and let us find

occasion of word against him?

19:29. Flee then from the face of the sword, for the sword is the

revenger of iniquities: and know ye that there is a judgment.

Chapter 20

Sophar declares the shortness of the prosperity of the wicked: and

their sudden downfall.

20:1. Then Sophar the Naamathite answered, and said:

20:2. Therefore various thoughts succeed one another in me, and my mind

is hurried away to different things.

20:3. The doctrine with which thou reprovest me, I will hear, and the

spirit of my understanding shall answer for me.

20:4. This I know from the beginning, since man was placed upon the


20:5. That the praise of the wicked is short, and the joy of the

hypocrite but for a moment.

20:6. If his pride mount up even to heaven, and his head touch the


20:7. In the end he shall be destroyed like a dunghill, and they that

had seen him, shall say: Where is he?

20:8. As a dream that fleeth away he shall not be found, he shall pass

as a vision of the night:

20:9. The eyes that had seen him, shall see him no more, neither shall

his place any more behold him.

20:10. His children shall be oppressed with want, and his hands shall

render to him his sorrow.

20:11. His bones shall be filled with the vices of his youth, and they

shall sleep with him in the dust.

20:12. For when evil shall be sweet in his mouth, he will hide it under

his tongue.

20:13. He will spare it, and not leave it, and will hide it in his


20:14. His bread in his belly shall be turned into the gall of asps

within him,

20:15. The riches which he hath swallowed, he shall vomit up, and God

shall draw them out of his belly.

20:16. He shall suck the head of asps, and the viper's tongue shall

kill him.

20:17. Let him not see the streams of the river, the brooks of honey

and of butter.

20:18. He shall be punished for all that he did, and yet shall not be

consumed: according to the multitude of his devices so also shall he


According to the multitude of his devices. . .That is, his stratagems to

gratify his passions and to oppress and destroy the poor.

20:19. Because he broke in and stripped the poor: he hath violently

taken away a house which he did not build.

20:20. And yet his belly was not filled: and when he hath the things he

coveted, he shall not be able to possess them.

20:21. There was nothing left of his meat, and therefore nothing shall

continue of his goods:

20:22. When he shall be filled, he shall be straitened, he shall burn,

and every sorrow shall fall upon him.

20:23. May his belly be filled, that God may send forth the wrath of

his indignation upon him, and rain down his war upon him.

20:24. He shall flee from weapons of iron, and shall fall upon a bow of


20:25. The sword is drawn out, and cometh forth from its scabbard, and

glittereth in his bitterness: the terrible ones shall go and come upon


20:26. All darkness is hid in his secret places: a fire that is not

kindled shall devour him, he shall be afflicted when left in his


20:27. The heavens shall reveal his iniquity, and the earth shall rise

up against him.

20:28. The offspring of his house shall be exposed, he shall be pulled

down in the day of God's wrath.

20:29. This is the portion of a wicked man from God, and the

inheritance of his doings from the Lord.

Chapter 21

Job shews that the wicked often prosper in this world, even to the end

of their life: but that their judgment is in another world.

21:1. Then Job answered, and said:

21:2. Hear, I beseech you, my words, and do penance.

21:3. Suffer me, and I will speak, and after, if you please, laugh at

my words.

21:4. Is my debate against man, that I should not have just reason to

be troubled?

21:5. Hearken to me and be astonished, and lay your finger on your


21:6. As for me, when I remember, I am afraid, and trembling taketh

hold on my flesh.

21:7. Why then do the wicked live, are they advanced, and strengthened

with riches?

21:8. Their seed continueth before them, a multitude of kinsmen, and of

children's children in their sight.

21:9. Their houses are secure and peaceable, and the rod of God is not

upon them.

21:10. Their cattle have conceived, and failed not: their cow has

calved, and is not deprived of her fruit.

21:11. Their little ones go out like a flock, and their children dance

and play.

21:12. They take the timbrel, and the harp, and rejoice at the sound of

the organ.

21:13. They spend their days in wealth, and in a moment they go down to


21:14. Who have said to God: Depart from us, we desire not the

knowledge of thy ways.

21:15. Who is the Almighty, that we should serve him? and what doth it

profit us if we pray to him?

21:16. Yet because their good things are not in their hand, may the

counsel of the wicked be far from me.

21:17. How often shall the lamp of the wicked be put out, and a deluge

come upon them, and he shall distribute the sorrows of his wrath?

21:18. They shall be as chaff before the face of the wind, and as ashes

which the whirlwind scattereth.

21:19. God shall lay up the sorrow of the father for his children: and

when he shall repay, then shall he know.

21:20. His eyes shall see his own destruction, and he shall drink of

the wrath of the Almighty.

21:21. For what is it to him what befalleth his house after him: and if

the number of his months be diminished by one half?

21:22. Shall any one teach God knowledge, who judgeth those that are


21:23. One man dieth strong, and hale, rich and happy.

21:24. His bowels are full of fat, and his bones are moistened with


21:25. But another dieth in bitterness of soul without any riches:

21:26. And yet they shall sleep together in the dust, and worms shall

cover them.

21:27. Surely I know your thoughts, and your unjust judgments against


21:28. For you say: Where is the house of the prince? and where are the

dwelling places of the wicked?

21:29. Ask any one of them that go by the way, and you shall perceive

that he knoweth these same things.

21:30. Because the wicked man is reserved to the day of destruction,

and he shall be brought to the day of wrath.

21:31. Who shall reprove his way to his face? and who shall repay him

what he hath done?

21:32. He shall be brought to the graves, and shall watch in the heap

of the dead.

21:33. He hath been acceptable to the gravel of Cocytus, and he shall

draw every man after him, and there are innumerable before him.

Acceptable to the gravel of Cocytus. . .The Hebrew word, which St.

Jerome has here rendered by the name Cocytus, (which the poets

represent as a river in hell,) signifies a valley or a torrent: and in

this place, is taken for the low region of death and hell: which

willingly, as it were, receives the wicked at their death: who are

ushered in by innumerable others that have gone before them; and are

followed by multitudes above number.

21:34. How then do ye comfort me in vain, whereas your answer is shewn

to be repugnant to truth?

Chapter 22

Eliphaz falsely imputes many crimes to Job, but promises him prosperity

if he will repent.

22:1. Then Eliphaz the Themanite answered, and said:

22:2. Can man be compared with God, even though he were of perfect


22:3. What doth it profit God if thou be just? or what dost thou give

him if thy way be unspotted?

22:4. Shall he reprove thee for fear, and come with thee into judgment:

22:5. And not for thy manifold wickedness and thy infinite iniquities?

22:6. For thou hast taken away the pledge of thy brethren without

cause, and stripped the naked of their clothing.

22:7. Thou hast not given water to the weary, thou hast withdrawn bread

from the hungry.

22:8. In the strength of thy arm thou didst possess the land, and being

the most mighty thou holdest it.

22:9. Thou hast sent widows away empty, and the arms of the fatherless

thou hast broken in pieces.

22:10. Therefore art thou surrounded with shares, and sudden fear

troubleth thee.

22:11. And didst thou think that thou shouldst not see darkness, and

that thou shouldst not be covered with the violence of overflowing


22:12. Dost not thou think that God is higher than heaven, and is

elevated above the height of the stars?

22:13. And thou sayst: What doth God know? and he judgeth as it were

through a mist.

22:14. The clouds are his covert, and he doth not consider our things,

and he walketh about the poles of heaven.

22:15. Dost thou desire to keep the path of ages, which wicked men have


22:16. Who were taken away before their time, and a flood hath

overthrown their foundation.

22:17. Who said to God: Depart from us: and looked upon the Almighty as

if he could do nothing:

22:18. Whereas he had filled their houses with good things: whose way

of thinking be far from me.

22:19. The just shall see, and shall rejoice, and the innocent shall

laugh them to scorn.

22:20. Is not their exaltation cut down, and hath not fire devoured the

remnants of them?

22:21. Submit thyself then to him, and be at peace: and thereby thou

shalt have the best fruits.

22:22. Receive the law of his mouth, and lay up his words in thy heart.

22:23. If thou wilt return to the Almighty, thou shalt be built up, and

shalt put away iniquity far from thy tabernacle.

22:24. He shall give for earth flint, and for flint torrents of gold.

22:25. And the Almighty shall be against thy enemies, and silver shall

be heaped together for thee.

22:26. Then shalt thou abound in delights in the Almighty, and shalt

lift up thy face to God.

22:27. Thou shalt pray to him, and he will hear thee, and thou shalt

pay vows.

22:28. Thou shalt decree a thing, and it shall come to thee, and light

shall shine in thy ways.

22:29. For he that hath been humbled, shall be in glory: and he that

shall bow down his eyes, he shall be saved.

22:30. The innocent shall be saved, and he shall be saved by the

cleanness of his hands.

Chapter 23

Job wishes to be tried at God's tribunal.

23:1. Then Job answered, and said:

23:2. Now also my words are in bitterness, and the hand of my scourge

is more grievous than my mourning.

23:3. Who will grant me that I might know and find him, and come even

to his throne?

23:4. I would set judgment before him, and would fill my mouth with


23:5. That I might know the words that he would answer me, and

understand what he would say to me.

23:6. I would not that he should contend with me with much strength,

nor overwhelm me with the weight of his greatness.

23:7. Let him propose equity against me, and let my judgment come to


23:8. But if I go to the east, he appeareth not; if to the west, I

shall not understand him.

23:9. If to the left hand, what shall I do? I shall not take hold on

him: if I turn myself to the right hand, I shall not see him.

23:10. But he knoweth my way, and has tried me as gold that passeth

through the fire:

23:11. My foot hath followed his steps, I have kept his way, and have

not declined from it.

23:12. I have not departed from the commandments of his lips, and the

words of his mouth I have hid in my bosom.

23:13. For he is alone, and no man can turn away his thought: and

whatsoever his soul hath desired, that hath he done.

23:14. And when he shall have fulfilled his will in me, many other like

things are also at hand with him.

23:15. And therefore I am troubled at his presence, and when I consider

him I am made pensive with fear.

23:16. God hath softened my heart, and the Almighty hath troubled me.

23:17. For I have not perished because of the darkness that hangs over

me, neither hath the mist covered my face.

Chapter 24

God's providence often suffers the wicked to go on a long time in their

sins: but punisheth them in another life.

24:1. Times are not hid from the Almighty: but they that know him, know

not his days.

24:2. Some have removed landmarks, have taken away flocks by force, and

fed them.

24:3. They have driven away the ass of the fatherless, and have taken

away the widow's ox for a pledge.

24:4. They have overturned the way of the poor, and have oppressed

together the meek of the earth.

24:5. Others like wild asses in the desert go forth to their work: by

watching for a prey they get bread for their children.

24:6. They reap the field that is not their own, and gather the vintage

of his vineyard whom by violence they have oppressed.

24:7. They send men away naked, taking away their clothes who have no

covering in the cold:

24:8. Who are wet, with the showers of the mountains, and having no

covering embrace the stones.

24:9. They have violently robbed the fatherless, and stripped the poor

common people.

24:10. From the naked and them that go without clothing, and from the

hungry they have taken away the ears of corn.

24:11. They have taken their rest at noon among the stores of them, who

after having trodden the winepresses suffer thirst.

24:12. Out of the cities they have made men to groan, and the soul of

the wounded hath cried out, and God doth not suffer it to pass


24:13. They have been rebellious to the light, they have not known his

ways, neither have they returned by his paths.

24:14. The murderer riseth at the very break of day, he killeth the

needy, and the poor man: but in the night he will be as a thief.

24:15. The eye of the adulterer observeth darkness, saying: No eye

shall see me: and he will cover his face.

24:16. He diggeth through houses in the dark, as in the day they had

appointed for themselves, and they have not known the light.

24:17. If the morning suddenly appear, it is to them the shadow of

death: and they walk in darkness as if it were in light.

24:18. He is light upon the face of the water: cursed be his portion on

the earth, let him not walk by the way of the vineyards.

24:19. Let him pass from the snow waters to excessive heat, and his sin

even to hell.

24:20. Let mercy forget him: may worms be his sweetness: let him be

remembered no more, but be broken in pieces as an unfruitful tree.

24:21. For he hath fed the barren that beareth not, and to the widow he

hath done no good.

24:22. He hath pulled down the strong by his might: and when he

standeth up, he shall not trust to his life.

24:23. God hath given him place for penance, and he abuseth it unto

pride: but his eyes are upon his ways.

24:24. They are lifted up for a little while and shall not stand, and

shall be brought down as all things, and shall be taken away, and as

the tops of the ears of corn they shall be broken.

24:25. And if it be not so, who can convince me that I have lied, and

set my words before God?

Chapter 25

God's providence often suffers the wicked to go on a long time in their

sins: but punisheth them in another life.

25:1. Times are not hid from the Almighty: but they that know him, know

not his days.

25:2. Some have removed landmarks, have taken away flocks by force, and

fed them.

25:3. They have driven away the ass of the fatherless, and have taken

away the widow's ox for a pledge.

25:4. They have overturned the way of the poor, and have oppressed

together the meek of the earth.

25:5. Others like wild asses in the desert go forth to their work: by

watching for a prey they get bread for their children.

25:6. They reap the field that is not their own, and gather the vintage

of his vineyard whom by violence they have oppressed.

25:7. They send men away naked, taking away their clothes who have no

covering in the cold:

25:8. Who are wet, with the showers of the mountains, and having no

covering embrace the stones.

25:9. They have violently robbed the fatherless, and stripped the poor

common people.

25:10. From the naked and them that go without clothing, and from the

hungry they have taken away the ears of corn.

25:11. They have taken their rest at noon among the stores of them, who

after having trodden the winepresses suffer thirst.

25:12. Out of the cities they have made men to groan, and the soul of

the wounded hath cried out, and God doth not suffer it to pass


25:13. They have been rebellious to the light, they have not known his

ways, neither have they returned by his paths.

25:14. The murderer riseth at the very break of day, he killeth the

needy, and the poor man: but in the night he will be as a thief.

25:15. The eye of the adulterer observeth darkness, saying: No eye

shall see me: and he will cover his face.

25:16. He diggeth through houses in the dark, as in the day they had

appointed for themselves, and they have not known the light.

25:17. If the morning suddenly appear, it is to them the shadow of

death: and they walk in darkness as if it were in light.

25:18. He is light upon the face of the water: cursed be his portion on

the earth, let him not walk by the way of the vineyards.

25:19. Let him pass from the snow waters to excessive heat, and his sin

even to hell.

25:20. Let mercy forget him: may worms be his sweetness: let him be

remembered no more, but be broken in pieces as an unfruitful tree.

25:21. For he hath fed the barren that beareth not, and to the widow he

hath done no good.

25:22. He hath pulled down the strong by his might: and when he

standeth up, he shall not trust to his life.

25:23. God hath given him place for penance, and he abuseth it unto

pride: but his eyes are upon his ways.

25:24. They are lifted up for a little while and shall not stand, and

shall be brought down as all things, and shall be taken away, and as

the tops of the ears of corn they shall be broken.

25:25. And if it be not so, who can convince me that I have lied, and

set my words before God?

Chapter 26

Job declares his sentiments of the wisdom and power of God.

26:1. Then Job answered, and said:

26:2. Whose helper art thou? is it of him that is weak? and dost thou

hold up the arm of him that has no strength?

26:3. To whom hast thou given counsel? perhaps to him that hath no

wisdom, and thou hast shewn thy very great prudence.

26:4. Whom hast thou desired to teach? was it not him that made life?

26:5. Behold the giants groan under the waters, and they that dwell

with them.

26:6. Hell is naked before him, and there is no covering for


26:7. He stretched out the north over the empty space, and hangeth the

earth upon nothing.

26:8. He bindeth up the waters in his clouds, so that they break not

out and fall down together.

26:9. He withholdeth the face of his throne, and spreadeth his cloud

over it.

26:10. He hath set bounds about the waters, till light and darkness

come to an end.

26:11. The pillars of heaven tremble, and dread at his beck.

26:12. By his power the seas are suddenly gathered together, and his

wisdom has struck the proud one.

26:13. His spirit hath adorned the heavens, and his obstetric hand

brought forth the winding serpent.

His obstetric hand brought forth the winding serpent. . .That is, the

omnipotent power of God: which brought forth all things created in

time, but conceived in the Divine mind from all eternity. The winding

serpent, a constellation of fixed stars winding round the north pole,

called Draco. This appears from the foregoing part of the same verse,

His spirit hath adorned the heavens.

26:14. Lo, these things are said in part of his ways: and seeing we

have heard scarce a little drop of his word, who shall be able to

behold the thunder of his greatness?

Chapter 27

Job persists in asserting his own innocence, and that hypocrites will

be punished in the end.

27:1. Job also added, taking up his parable, and said:

27:2. As God liveth, who hath taken away my judgment, and the Almighty,

who hath brought my soul to bitterness,

27:3. As long as breath remaineth in me, and the spirit of God in my


27:4. My lips shall not speak iniquity, neither shall my tongue

contrive lying.

27:5. God forbid that I should judge you to be just: till I die I will

not depart from my innocence.

27:6. My justification, which I have begun to hold, I will not forsake:

for my heart doth not reprehend me in all my life.

27:7. Let my enemy be as the ungodly, and my adversary as the wicked


27:8. For what is the hope of the hypocrite if through covetousness he

take by violence, and God deliver not his soul?

27:9. Will God hear his cry, when distress shall come upon him?

27:10. Or can he delight himself in the Almighty, and call upon God at

all times?

27:11. I will teach you by the hand of God, what the Almighty hath, and

I will not conceal it.

27:12. Behold you all know it, and why do you speak vain things without


27:13. This is the portion of a wicked man with God, and the

inheritance of the violent, which they shall receive of the Almighty.

27:14. If his sons be multiplied, they shall be for the sword, and his

grandsons shall not be filled with bread.

27:15. They that shall remain of him, shall be buried in death, and his

widows shall not weep.

27:16. If he shall heap together silver as earth, and prepare raiment

as clay,

27:17. He shall prepare indeed, but the just man shall be clothed with

it: and the innocent shall divide the silver.

27:18. He hath built his house as a moth, and as a keeper he hath made

a booth.

27:19. The rich man when he shall sleep shall take away nothing with

him: he shall open his eyes and find nothing.

27:20. Poverty like water shall take hold on him, a tempest shall

oppress him in the night:

27:21. A burning wind shall take him up, and carry him away, and as a

whirlwind shall snatch him from his place.

27:22. And he shall cast upon him, and shall not spare: out of his hand

he would willingly flee.

27:23. He shall clasp his hands upon him, and shall hiss at him,

beholding his place.

Chapter 28

Man's industry searcheth out many things: true wisdom is taught by God


28:1. Silver hath beginnings of its veins, and gold hath a place

wherein it is melted.

28:2. Iron is taken out of the earth, and stone melted with heat is

turned into brass.

28:3. He hath set a time for darkness, and the end of all things he

considereth, the stone also that is in the dark and the shadow of


28:4. The flood divideth from the people that are on their journey,

those whom the food of the needy man hath forgotten, and who cannot be

come at.

28:5. The land, out of which bread grew in its place, hath been

overturned with fire.

28:6. The stones of it are the place of sapphires, and the clods of it

are gold.

28:7. The bird hath not known the path, neither hath the eye of the

vulture beheld it.

28:8. The children of the merchants have not trodden it, neither hath

the lioness passed by it.

28:9. He hath stretched forth his hand to the flint, he hath overturned

mountains from the roots.

28:10. In the rocks he hath cut out rivers, and his eye hath seen every

precious thing.

28:11. The depths also of rivers he hath searched, and hidden things he

hath brought forth to light.

28:12. But where is wisdom to be found, and where is the place of


28:13. Man knoweth not the price thereof, neither is it found in the

land of them that live in delights.

28:14. The depth saith: It is not in me: and the sea saith: It is not

with me.

28:15. The finest gold shall not purchase it, neither shall silver be

weighed in exchange for it.

28:16. It shall not be compared with the dyed colours of India, or with

the most precious stone sardonyx, or the sapphire.

28:17. Gold or crystal cannot equal it, neither shall any vessels of

gold be changed for it.

28:18. High and eminent things shall not be mentioned in comparison of

it: but wisdom is drawn out of secret places.

28:19. The topaz of Ethiopia shall not be equal to it, neither shall it

be compared to the cleanest dyeing.

28:20. Whence then cometh wisdom? and where is the place of


28:21. It is hid from the eyes of all living, and the fowls of the air

know it not.

28:22. Destruction and death have said: With our ears we have heard the

fame thereof.

28:23. God understandeth the way of it, and he knoweth the place


28:24. For he beholdeth the ends of the world: and looketh on all

things that are under heaven.

28:25. Who made a weight for the winds, and weighed the waters by


28:26. When he gave a law for the rain, and a way for the sounding


28:27. Then he saw it, and declared, and prepared, and searched it.

28:28. And he said to man: Behold the fear of the Lord, that is wisdom:

and to depart from evil, is understanding.

Chapter 29

Job relates his former happiness, and the respect that all men shewed


29:1. Job also added, taking up his parable, and said:

29:2. Who will grant me, that I might be according to the months past,

according to the days in which God kept me?

29:3. When his lamp shined over my head, and I walked by his light in


29:4. As I was in the days of my youth, when God was secretly in my


29:5. When the Almighty was with me: and my servants round about me?

29:6. When I washed my feet with butter, and the rock poured me out

rivers of oil?

29:7. When I went out to the gate of the city, and in the street they

prepared me a chair?

29:8. The young men saw me, and hid themselves: and the old men rose up

and stood.

29:9. The princes ceased to speak, and laid the finger on their mouth.

29:10. The rulers held their peace, and their tongue cleaved to their


29:11. The ear that heard me blessed me, and the eye that saw me gave

witness to me:

29:12. Because I had delivered the poor man that cried out; and the

fatherless, that had no helper.

29:13. The blessing of him that was ready to perish came upon me, and I

comforted the heart of the widow.

29:14. I was clad with justice: and I clothed myself with my judgment,

as with a robe and a diadem.

29:15. I was an eye to the blind, and a foot to the lame.

29:16. I was the father of the poor: and the cause which I knew not, I

searched out most diligently.

29:17. I broke the jaws of the wicked man, and out of his teeth I took

away the prey.

29:18. And I said: I shall die in my nest, and as a palm tree shall

multiply my days.

29:19. My root is opened beside the waters, and dew shall continue in

my harvest.

29:20. My glory shall always be renewed, and my bow in my hand shall be


29:21. They that heard me, waited for my sentence, and being attentive

held their peace at my counsel.

29:22. To my words they durst add nothing, and my speech dropped upon


29:23. They waited for me as for rain, and they opened their mouth as

for a latter shower.

29:24. If at any time I laughed on them, they believed not, and the

light of my countenance fell not on earth.

29:25. If I had a mind to go to them, I sat first, and when I sat as a

king, with his army standing about him, yet I was a comforter of them

that mourned.

Chapter 30

Job shews the wonderful change of his temporal estate, from welfare to

great calamity.

30:1. But now the younger in time scorn me, whose fathers I would not

have set with the dogs of my flock:

But now the younger in time. . .That is, younger than I am, and as it

were obscure, when I was conspicuous and in magnificence; they now look

down on me.

30:2. The strength of whose hands was to me as nothing, and they were

thought unworthy of life itself.

30:3. Barren with want and hunger, who gnawed in the wilderness,

disfigured with calamity and misery.

30:4. And they ate grass, and barks of trees, and the root of junipers

was their food.

30:5. Who snatched up these things out of the valleys, and when they

had found any of them, they ran to them with a cry.

30:6. They dwelt in the desert places of torrents, and in caves of

earth, or upon the gravel.

30:7. They pleased themselves among these kind of things, and counted

it delightful to be under the briers.

30:8. The children of foolish and base men, and not appearing at all

upon the earth.

30:9. Now I am turned into their song, and am become their byword.

30:10. They abhor me, and flee far from me, and are not afraid to spit

in my face.

30:11. For he hath opened his quiver, and hath afflicted me, and hath

put a bridle into my mouth.

30:12. At the right hand of my rising, my calamities forthwith arose:

they have overthrown my feet, and have overwhelmed me with their paths

as with waves.

30:13. They have destroyed my ways, they have lain in wait against me,

and they have prevailed, and there was none to help.

30:14. They have rushed in upon me, as when a wall is broken, and a

gate opened, and have rolled themselves down to my miseries.

30:15. I am brought to nothing: as a wind thou hast taken away my

desire: and my prosperity hath passed away like a cloud.

30:16. And now my soul fadeth within myself, and the days of affliction

possess me.

30:17. In the night my bone is pierced with sorrows: and they that feed

upon me, do not sleep.

30:18. With the multitude of them my garment is consumed, and they have

girded me about, as with the collar of my coat.

30:19. I am compared to dirt, and am likened to embers and ashes.

30:20. I cry to thee, and thou hearest me not: I stand up, and thou

dost not regard me.

30:21. Thou art changed to be cruel toward me, and in the hardness of

thy hand thou art against me.

30:22. Thou hast lifted me up, and set me as it were upon the wind, and

thou hast mightily dashed me.

30:23. I know that thou wilt deliver me to death, where a house is

appointed for every one that liveth.

30:24. But yet thou stretchest not forth thy hand to their consumption:

and if they shall fall down thou wilt save.

30:25. I wept heretofore for him that was afflicted, and my soul had

compassion on the poor.

30:26. I expected good things, and evils are come upon me: I waited for

light, and darkness broke out.

30:27. My inner parts have boiled without any rest, the days of

affliction have prevented me.

30:28. I went mourning without indignation; I rose up, and cried in the


30:29. I was the brother of dragons, and companion of ostriches.

Brother of dragons, etc. . .Imitating these creatures in their

lamentable noise.

30:30. My skin is become black upon me, and my bones are dried up with


30:31. My harp is turned to mourning, and my organ into the voice of

those that weep.

Chapter 31

Job, to defend himself from the unjust judgments of his friends, gives

a sincere account of his own virtues.

31:1. I made a covenant with my eyes, that I would not so much as think

upon a virgin.

31:2. For what part should God from above have in me, and what

inheritance the Almighty from on high?

31:3. Is not destruction to the wicked, and aversion to them that work


31:4. Doth not he consider my ways, and number all my steps?

31:5. If I have walked in vanity, and my foot hath made haste to


31:6. Let him weigh me in a just balance, and let God know my


31:7. If my step hath turned out of the way, and if my heart hath

followed my eyes, and if a spot hath cleaved to my hands:

31:8. Then let me sow and let another reap: and let my offspring be

rooted out.

31:9. If my heart hath been deceived upon a woman, and if I have laid

wait at my friend's door:

31:10. Let my wife be the harlot of another, and let other men lie with


31:11. For this is a heinous crime, and a most grievous iniquity.

31:12. It is a fire that devoureth even to destruction, and rooteth up

all things that spring.

31:13. If I have despised to abide judgment with my manservant, or my

maidservant, when they had any controversy against me:

31:14. For what shall I do when God shall rise to judge? and when he

shall examine, what shall I answer him?

31:15. Did not he that made me in the womb make him also: and did not

one and the same form me in the womb?

31:16. If I have denied to the poor what they desired, and have made

the eyes of the widow wait:

31:17. If I have eaten my morsel alone, and the fatherless hath not

eaten thereof:

31:18. (For from my infancy mercy grew up with me: and it came out with

me from my mother's womb:)

31:19. If I have despised him that was perishing for want of clothing,

and the poor man that had no covering:

31:20. If his sides have not blessed me, and if he were not warmed with

the fleece of my sheep:

31:21. If I have lifted up my hand against the fatherless, even when I

saw myself superior in the gate:

31:22. Let my shoulder fall from its joint, and let my arm with its

bones be broken.

31:23. For I have always feared God as waves swelling over me, and his

weight I was unable to bear.

31:24. If I have thought gold my strength, and have said to fine gold:

My confidence:

31:25. If I have rejoiced over my great riches, and because my hand had

gotten much.

31:26. If I beheld the sun when it shined and the moon going in


If I beheld the sun, etc. . .If I behold the sun and moon with

admiration, knowing them to be created and governed by the power of

God, I call on my adversaries to produce any thing against me, whereby

I could be charged with worshipping the sun or moon.

31:27. And my heart in secret hath rejoiced, and I have kissed my hand

with, my mouth:

31:28. Which is a very great iniquity, and a denial against the most

high God.

31:29. If I have been glad at the downfall of him that hated me, and

have rejoiced that evil had found him.

31:30. For I have not given my mouth to sin, by wishing a curse to his


31:31. If the men of my tabernacle have not said: Who will give us of

his flesh that we may be filled?

31:32. The stranger did not stay without, my door was open to the


31:33. If as a man I have hid my sin, and have concealed my iniquity in

my bosom.

31:34. If I have been afraid at a very great multitude, and the

contempt of kinsmen hath terrified me: and have not rather held my

peace, and not gone out of the door.

31:35. Who would grant me a hearing, that the Almighty may hear my

desire: and that he himself that judgeth would write a book,

31:36. That I may carry it on my shoulder, and put it about me as a


31:37. At every step of mine I would pronounce it, and offer it as to a


31:38. If my land cry against me, and with it the furrows thereof


31:39. If I have eaten the fruits thereof without money, and have

afflicted the son of the tillers thereof:

31:40. Let thistles grow up to me instead of wheat, and thorns instead

of barley.

The words of Job are ended.

Chapter 32

Eliu is angry with Job and his friends. He boasts of himself.

32:1. So these three men ceased to answer Job, because he seemed just

to himself.

32:2. And Eliu the son of Barachel the Buzite of the kindred of Ram,

was angry and was moved to indignation: now he was angry against Job,

because he said he was just before God.

32:3. And he was angry with his friends, because they had not found a

reasonable answer, but only had condemned Job.

32:4. So Eliu waited while Job was speaking because they were his

elders that were speaking.

32:5. But when he saw that the three were not able to answer, he was

exceedingly angry.

32:6. Then Eliu the son of Barachel the Buzite answered, and said: I am

younger in days, and you are more ancient, therefore hanging down my

head, I was afraid to shew you my opinion.

32:7. For I hoped that greater age would speak, and that a multitude of

years would teach wisdom.

32:8. But, as I see, there is a spirit in men, and the inspiration of

the Almighty giveth understanding.

32:9. They that are aged are not the wise men, neither do the ancients

understand judgment.

32:10. Therefore I will speak: Hearken to me, I also will shew you my


32:11. For I have waited for your words, I have given ear to your

wisdom, as long as you were disputing in words.

32:12. And as long as I thought you said some thing, I considered: but,

as I see, there is none of you that can convince Job, and answer his


32:13. Lest you should say: We have found wisdom, God hath cast him

down, not man.

32:14. He hath spoken nothing to me, and I will not answer him

according to your words.

32:15. They were afraid, and answered no more, and they left off


32:16. Therefore because I have waited, and they have not spoken: they

stood, and answered no more:

32:17. I also will answer my part, and will shew my knowledge.

32:18. For I am full of matter to speak of, and the spirit of my bowels

straiteneth me.

32:19. Behold, my belly is as new wine which wanteth vent, which

bursteth the new vessels.

32:20. I will speak and take breath a little: I will open my lips, and

will answer.

32:21. I will not accept the person of man, and I will not level God

with man.

I will not level God with man. . .Here Eliu considers that Job hath put

himself on a level with God, by the manner he assumed to justify his

own life in speaking to God as if he spoke to an equal: Eliu expresses

in the following ver. 22 his fear of punishment hereafter for such an


32:22. For I know not how long I shall continue, and whether after a

while my Maker may take me away.

Chapter 33

Eliu blames Job for asserting his own innocence.

33:1. Hear therefore, O Job, my speeches, and hearken to all my words.

33:2. Behold now I have opened my mouth, let my tongue speak within my


33:3. My words are from my upright heart, and my lips shall speak a

pure sentence.

33:4. The spirit of God made me, and the breath of the Almighty gave me


33:5. If thou canst, answer me, and stand up against my face.

33:6. Behold God hath made me as well as thee, and of the same clay I

also was formed.

33:7. But yet let not my wonder terrify thee, and let not my eloquence

be burdensome to thee.

33:8. Now thou hast said in my hearing, and I have heard the voice of

thy words:

33:9. I am clean, and without sin: I am unspotted, and there is no

iniquity in me.

33:10. Because he hath found complaints against me, therefore he hath

counted me for his enemy.

33:11. He hath put my feet in the stocks, he hath observed all my


33:12. Now this is the thing in which thou art not justified: I will

answer thee, that God is greater than man.

33:13. Dost thou strive against him, because he