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            THE BOOK OF RUTH

Chapter 1

Elimelech of Bethlehem going with his wife Noemi, and two sons, into

the land of Moab, dieth there. His sons marry wives of that country and

die without issue. Noemi returneth home with her daughter in law Ruth,

who refuseth to part with her.

1:1. In the days of the judges, when the judges ruled, there came a

famine in the land. And a certain man of Bethlehem Juda, went to

sojourn in the land of Moab with his wife and his two sons.

1:2. He was named Elimelech, and his wife Noemi: and his two sons, the

one Mahalon, and the other Chelion, Ephrathites of Bethlehem Juda. And

entering into the country of Moab, they abode there.

1:3. And Elimelech the husband of Noemi died: and she remained with her


1:4. And they took wives of the women of Moab, of which one was called

Orpha, and the other Ruth. And they dwelt their ten years,

1:5. And they both died, to wit, Mahalon and Chelion: and the woman was

left alone, having lost both her sons and her husband.

1:6. And she arose to go from the land of Moab to her own country, with

both her daughters in law: for she had heard that the Lord had looked

upon his people, and had given them food.

1:7. Wherefore she went forth out of the place of her sojournment, with

both her daughters in law: and being now in the way to return into the

land of Juda,

1:8. She said to them: Go ye home to your mothers, the Lord deal

mercifully with you, as you have dealt with the dead and with me.

1:9. May he grant you to find rest in the houses of the husbands whom

you shall take. And she kissed them. And they lifted up their voice,

and began to weep,

1:10. And to say: We will go on with thee to thy people.

1:11. But she answered them: Return, my daughters: why come ye with me?

have I any more sons in my womb, that you may hope for husbands of me?

1:12. Return again, my daughters, and go your ways: for I am now spent

with age, and not fit for wedlock. Although I might conceive this

night, and bear children,

1:13. If you would wait till they were grown up, and come to man's

estate, you would be old women before you marry. Do not so, my

daughters, I beseech you: for I am grieved the more for your distress,

and the hand of the Lord is gone out against me.

1:14. And they lifted up their voice, and began to weep again: Orpha

kissed her mother in law, and returned: Ruth stuck close to her mother

in law.

1:15. And Noemi said to her: Behold thy kinswoman is returned to her

people, and to her gods, go thou with her.

To her gods, etc. . .Noemi did not mean to persuade Ruth to return to

the false gods she had formerly worshipped: but by this manner of

speech, insinuated to her, that if she would go with her, she must

renounce her false gods and return to the Lord the God of Israel.

1:16. She answered: Be not against me, to desire that I should leave

thee and depart: for whithersoever thou shalt go, I will go: and where

thou shalt dwell, I also will dwell. Thy people shall be my people, and

thy God my God.

1:17. The land that shall receive thee dying, in the same will I die:

and there will I be buried. The Lord do so and so to me, and add more

also, if aught but death part me and thee.

The Lord do so and so, etc. . .A form of swearing usual in the history

of the Old Testament, by which the person wished such and such evils to

fall upon them, if they did not do what they said.

1:18. Then Noemi seeing that Ruth was steadfastly determined to go with

her, would not be against it, nor persuade her any more to return to

her friends:

1:19. So they went together, and came to Bethlehem. And when they were

come into the city, the report was quickly spread among all: and the

women said: This is that Noemi.

1:20. But she said to them: Call me not Noemi (that is, beautiful,) but

call me Mara (that is, bitter), for the Almighty hath quite filled me

with bitterness.

1:21. I went out full and the Lord hath brought me back empty. Why then

do you call me Noemi, whom the Lord hath humbled, and the Almighty hath


1:22. So Noemi came with Ruth, the Moabitess, her daughter in law, from

the land of her sojournment: and returned into Bethlehem, in the

beginning of the barley harvest.

Chapter 2

Ruth gleaneth in the field of Booz, who sheweth her favour.

2:1. Now her husband Elimelech had a kinsman, a powerful man, and very

rich, whose name was Booz.

2:3. And Ruth, the Moabitess, said to her mother in law: If thou wilt,

I will go into the field, and glean the ears of corn that escape the

hands of the reapers, wheresoever I shall find grace with a

householder, that will be favourable to me. And she answered her: Go,

my daughter.

2:3. She went, therefore, and gleaned the ears of corn after the

reapers. And it happened that the owner of that field was Booz, who was

of the kindred of Elimelech.

2:4. And behold, he came out of Bethlehem, and said to the reapers: The

Lord be with you. And they answered him: The Lord bless thee.

2:5. And Booz said to the young man that was set over the reapers:

Whose maid is this ?

2:6. And he answered him: This is the Moabitess, who came with Noemi,

from the land of Moab,

2:7. And she desired leave to glean the ears of corn that remain,

following the steps of the reapers: and she hath been in the field from

morning till now, and hath not gone home for one moment.

2:8. And Booz said to Ruth: Hear me, daughter, do not go to glean in

any other field, and do not depart from this place: but keep with my


2:9. And follow where they reap. For I have charged my young men, not

to molest thee: and if thou art thirsty, go to the vessels, and drink

of the waters whereof the servants drink.

2:10. She fell on her face, and worshipping upon the ground, said to

him: Whence cometh this to me, that I should find grace before thy

eyes, and that thou shouldst vouchsafe to take notice of me, a woman of

another country?

2:11. And he answered her: All hath been told me, that thou hast done

to thy mother in law after the death of thy husband: and how thou hast

left thy parents, and the land wherein thou wast born, and art come to

a people which thou knewest not heretofore.

2:12. The Lord render unto thee for thy work, and mayst thou receive a

full reward of the Lord the God of Israel, to whom thou art come, and

under whose wings thou art fled.

2:13. And she said: I have found grace in thy eyes, my lord, who hast

comforted me, and hast spoken to the heart of thy handmaid, who am not

like to one of thy maids.

2:14. And Booz said to her: At mealtime come thou hither, and eat of

the bread, and dip thy morsel in the vinegar. So she sat at the side of

the reapers, and she heaped to herself frumenty, and ate and was

filled, and took the leavings.

2:15. And she arose from thence, to glean the ears of corn as before.

And Booz commanded his servants, saying: If she would even reap with

you, hinder her not:

2:16. And let fall some of your handfuls of purpose, and leave them,

that she may gather them without shame, and let no man rebuke her when

she gathereth them.

2:17. She gleaned therefore in the field till evening: and beating out

with a rod, and threshing what she had gleaned, she found about the

measure of an ephi of barley, that is, three bushels:

2:18. Which she took up, and returned into the city, and shewed it to

her mother in law: moreover, she brought out, and gave her of the

remains of her meat, wherewith she had been filled.

2:19. And her mother in law said to her: Where hast thou gleaned today,

and where hast thou wrought? blessed be he that hath had pity on thee.

And she told her with whom she had wrought: and she told the man's

name, that he was called Booz.

2:20. And Noemi answered her: Blessed be he of the Lord: because the

same kindness which he shewed to the living, he hath kept also to the

dead. And again she said: The man is our kinsman.

2:21. And Ruth said: He also charged me, that I should keep close to

his reapers, till all the corn should be reaped.

2:22. And her mother in law said to her: It is better for thee, my

daughter, to go out to reap with his maids, lest in another man's field

some one may resist thee.

2:23. So she kept close to the maids of Booz: and continued to glean

with them, till all the barley and the wheat were laid up in the barns.

Chapter 3

Ruth instructed by her mother in law lieth at Booz's feet, claiming him

for her husband by the law of affinity: she receiveth a good answer,

and six measures of barley.

3:1. After she was returned to her mother in law, Noemi said to her: My

daughter, I will seek rest for thee, and will provide that it may be

well with thee.

3:2. This Booz, with whose maids thou wast joined in the field, is our

near kinsman, and behold this night he winnoweth barley in the


3:3. Wash thyself therefore and anoint thee, and put on thy best

garments, and go down to the barnfloor: but let not the man see thee,

till he shall have done eating and drinking.

3:4. And when he shall go to sleep, mark the place wherein he sleepeth:

and thou shalt go in, and lift up the clothes wherewith he is covered

towards his feet, and shalt lay thyself down there: and he will tell

thee what thou must do.

3:5. She answered: Whatsoever thou shalt command, I will do.

3:6. And she went down to the barnfloor, and did all that her mother in

law had bid her.

3:7. And when Booz had eaten, and drunk, and was merry, he went to

sleep by the heap of sheaves, and she came softly, and uncovering his

feet, laid herself down.

3:8. And behold, when it was now midnight the man was afraid, and

troubled: and he saw a woman lying at his feet,

3:9. And he said to her: Who art thou ? And she answered: I am Ruth,

thy handmaid: spread thy coverlet over thy servant, for thou art a near


3:10. And he said: Blessed art thou of the Lord, my daughter, and thy

latter kindness has surpassed the former: because thou hast not

followed young men either poor or rich.

Thy latter kindness, viz. . .to thy husband deceased in seeking to keep

up his name and family by marrying his relation according to the law,

and not following after young men. For Booz, it seems, was then in


3:11. Fear not therefore, but whatsoever thou shalt say to me I will do

to thee. For all the people that dwell within the gates of my city,

know that thou art a virtuous woman.

3:12. Neither do I deny myself to be near of kin, but there is another

nearer than I.

3:13. Rest thou this night: and when morning is come, if he will take

thee by the right of kindred, all is well: but if he will not, I will

undoubtedly take thee, so the Lord liveth: sleep till the morning.

3:14. So she slept at his feet till the night was going off. And she

arose before men could know one another, and Booz said: Beware lest any

man know that thou camest hither.

3:15. And again he said: Spread thy mantle, wherewith thou art covered,

and hold it with both hands. And when she spread it and held it, he

measured six measures of barley, and laid it upon her. And she carried

it, and went into the city,

3:16. And came to her mother in law; who said to her: What hast thou

done, daughter? And she told her all that the man had done to her.

3:17. And she said: Behold he hath given me six measures of barley: for

he said: I will not have thee return empty to thy mother in law.

3:18. And Noemi said: Wait, my daughter, till we see what end the thing

will have. For the man will not rest until he have accomplished what he

hath said.

Chapter 4

Upon the refusal of the nearer kinsman, Booz marrieth Ruth, who

bringeth forth Obed, the grandfather of David.

4:1. Then Booz went up to the gate, and sat there. And when he had seen

the kinsman going by, of whom he had spoken before, he said to him,

calling him by his name: Turn aside for a little while, and sit down

here. He turned aside, and sat down.

4:2. And Booz, taking ten men of the ancients of the city, said to

them: Sit ye down here.

4:3. They sat down, and he spoke to the kinsman: Noemi, who is returned

from the country of Moab will sell a parcel of land that belonged to

our brother Elimelech.

4:4. I would have thee to understand this, and would tell thee before

all that sit here, and before the ancients of my people. If thou wilt

take possession of it by the right of kindred: buy it, and possess it:

but if it please thee not, tell me so, that I may know what I have to

do. For there is no near kinsman besides thee, who art first, and me,

who am second. But he answered: I will buy the field.

4:5. And Booz said to him: When thou shalt buy the field at the woman's

hand, thou must take also Ruth, the Moabitess, who was the wife of the

deceased: to raise up the name of thy kinsman in his inheritance.

4:6. He answered: I yield up my right of next akin: for I must not cut

off the posterity of my own family. Do thou make use of my privilege,

which I profess I do willingly forego.

4:7. Now this in former times was the manner in Israel between kinsmen,

that if at any time one yielded his right to another: that the grant

might be sure, the man put off his shoe and gave it to his neighbour;

this was a testimony of cession of right in Israel.

4:8. So Booz said to his kinsman: Put off thy shoe. And immediately he

took it off from his foot.

4:9. And he said to the ancients, and to all the people: You are

witnesses this day, that I have bought all that was Elimelech's, and

Chelion's, and Mahalon's, of the hand of Noemi:

4:10. And have taken to wife Ruth, the Moabitess, the wife of Mahalon,

to raise up the name of the deceased in his inheritance lest his name

be cut off, from among his family and his brethren and his people. You,

I say, are witnesses of this thing.

4:11. Then all the people that were in the gate, and the ancients,

answered: We are witnesses: The Lord make this woman who cometh into

thy house, like Rachel, and Lia, who built up the house of Israel: that

she may be an example of virtue in Ephrata, and may have a famous name

in Bethlehem:

Ephrata. . .Another name of Bethlehem.

4:12. And that the house may be, as the house of Phares, whom Thamar

bore unto Juda, of the seed which the Lord shall give thee of this

young woman.

4:13. Booz therefore took Ruth, and married her: and went in unto her,

and the Lord gave her to conceive, and to bear a son.

4:14. And the women said to Noemi: Blessed be the Lord, who hath not

suffered thy family to want a successor: that his name should be

preserved in Israel.

4:15. And thou shouldst have one to comfort thy soul, and cherish thy

old age. For he is born of thy daughter in law: who loveth thee: and

is much better to thee, than if thou hadst seven sons.

4:16. And Noemi taking the child, laid it in her bosom, and she carried

it, and was a nurse unto it.

4:17. And the women, her neighbours, congratulating with her, and

saying, There is a son born to Noemi, called his name Obed: he is the

father of Isai, the father of David.

4:18. These are the generations of Phares: Phares begot Esron,

4:19. Esron begot Aram, Aram begot Aminadab,

4:20. Aminadab begot Nahasson, Nahasson begot Salmon,

4:21. Salmon begot Booz, Booz begot Obed,

4:22. Obed begot Isai, Isai begot David.