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            THE BOOK OF PSALMS

Chapter 1

Beatus vir.

The happiness of the just and the evil state of the wicked.

1:1. Blessed is the man who hath not walked in the counsel of the

ungodly, nor stood in the way of sinners, nor sat in the chair of


1:2. But his will is in the law of the Lord, and on his law he shall

meditate day and night.

1:3. And he shall be like a tree which is planted near the running

waters, which shall bring forth its fruit, in due season. And his leaf

shall not fall off: and all whatsoever he shall do shall prosper.

1:4. Not so the wicked, not so: but like the dust, which the wind

driveth from the face of the earth.

1:5. Therefore the wicked shall not rise again in judgment: nor sinners

in the council of the just.

1:6. For the Lord knoweth the way of the just: and the way of the

wicked shall perish.

Chapter 2

Quare fremuerunt.

The vain efforts of persecutors against Christ and his church.

2:1. Why have the Gentiles raged, and the people devised vain things?

2:2. The kings of the earth stood up, and the princes met together,

against the Lord, and against his Christ.

2:3. Let us break their bonds asunder: and let us cast away their yoke

from us.

2:4. He that dwelleth in heaven shall laugh at them: and the Lord shall

deride them.

2:5. Then shall he speak to them in his anger, and trouble them in his


2:6. But I am appointed king by him over Sion, his holy mountain,

preaching his commandment.

2:7. The Lord hath said to me: Thou art my son, this day have I

begotten thee.

2:8. Ask of me, and I will give thee the Gentiles for thy inheritance,

and the utmost parts of the earth for thy possession.

2:9. Thou shalt rule them with a rod of iron, and shalt break them in

pieces like a potter's vessel.

2:10. And now, O ye kings, understand: receive instruction, you that

judge the earth.

2:11. Serve ye the Lord with fear: and rejoice unto him with trembling.

2:12. Embrace discipline, lest at any time the Lord be angry, and you

perish from the just way.

2:13. When his wrath shall be kindled in a short time, blessed are all

they that trust in him.

Chapter 3

Domine, quid multiplicati.

The prophet's danger and delivery from his son Absalom: mystically, the

passion and resurrection of Christ.

3:1. The psalm of David when he fled from the face of his son Absalom.

3:2. Many say to my soul: There is no salvation for him in his God.

3:4. But thou, O Lord, art my protector, my glory, and the lifter up of

my head.

3:5. I have cried to the Lord with my voice: and he hath heard me from

his holy hill.

3:6. I have slept and have taken my rest: and I have risen up, because

the Lord hath protected me.

3:7. I will not fear thousands of the people surrounding me: arise, O

Lord; save me, O my God.

3:8. For thou hast struck all them who are my adversaries without

cause: thou hast broken the teeth of sinners.

3:9. Salvation is of the Lord: and thy blessing is upon thy people.

Chapter 4

Cum invocarem.

The prophet teacheth us to flee to God in tribulation, with confidence

in him.

4:1. Unto the end, in verses. A psalm for David.

Unto the end. . .Or, as St. Jerome renders it, victori, to him that

overcometh: which some understand of the chief musician; to whom they

suppose the psalms, which bear that title, were given to be sung: we

rather understand the psalms thus inscribed to refer to Christ, who is

the end of the law, and the great conqueror of death and hell, and to

the New Testament.--Ibid. In verses, in carminibus. . .In the Hebrew, it

is neghinoth, supposed by some to be a musical instrument, with which

this psalm was to be sung.--Ibid. For David, or to David. . .That is,

inspired to David himself, or to be sung.

4:2. When I called upon him, the God of my justice heard me: when I was

in distress, thou hast enlarged me. Have mercy on me: and hear my


4:3. O ye sons of men, how long will you be dull of heart? why do you

love vanity, and seek after lying?

4:4. Know ye also that the Lord hath made his holy one wonderful: the

Lord will hear me when I shall cry unto him.

4:5. Be ye angry, and sin not: the things you say in your hearts, be

sorry for them upon your beds.

4:6. Offer up the sacrifice of justice, and trust in the Lord: many

say, Who sheweth us good things?

4:7. The light of thy countenance, O Lord, is signed upon us: thou hast

given gladness in my heart.

4:8. By the fruit of their corn, their wine, and oil, they rest:

4:9. In peace in the self same I will sleep, and I will rest:

4:10. For thou, O Lord, singularly hast settled me in hope.

Chapter 5

Verba mea auribul.

A prayer to God against the iniquities of men.

5:1. Unto the end, for her that obtaineth the inheritance. A psalm for


For her that obtaineth the inheritance. . .That is, for the church of


5:2. Give ear, O Lord, to my words, understand my cry.

5:3. Hearken to the voice of my prayer, O my King and my God.

5:4. For to thee will I pray: O Lord, in the morning thou shalt hear my


5:5. In the morning I will stand before thee, and I will see: because

thou art not a God that willest iniquity.

5:6. Neither shall the wicked dwell near thee: nor shall the unjust

abide before thy eyes.

5:7. Thou hatest all the workers of iniquity: thou wilt destroy all

that speak a lie. The bloody and the deceitful man the Lord will abhor.

5:8. But as for me in the multitude of thy mercy, I will come into thy

house; I will worship towards thy holy temple, in thy fear.

5:9. Conduct me, O Lord, in thy justice: because of my enemies, direct

my way in thy sight.

5:10. For there is no truth in their mouth: their heart is vain.

5:11. Their throat is an open sepulchre: they dealt deceitfully with

their tongues: judge them, O God. Let them fall from their devices:

according to the multitude of their wickednesses cast them out: for

they have provoked thee, O Lord.

5:12. But let all them be glad that hope in thee: they shall rejoice

for ever, and thou shalt dwell in them. And all they that love thy name

shall glory in thee.

5:13. For thou wilt bless the just. O Lord, thou hast crowned us, as

with a shield of thy good will.

Chapter 6

Domine, ne in furore.

A prayer of a penitent sinner, under the scourge of God. The first

penitential psalm.

6:1. Unto the end, in verses, a psalm for David, for the octave.

For the octave. . .That is, to be sung on an instrument of eight

strings. St. Augustine understands it mystically, of the last

resurrection, and the world to come; which is, as it were, the octave,

or eighth day, after the seven days of this mortal life: and for this

octave, sinners must dispose themselves, like David, by bewailing their

sins, whilst they are here upon earth.

6:2. O Lord, rebuke me not in thy indignation, nor chastise me in thy


6:3. Have mercy on me, O Lord, for I am weak: heal me, O Lord, for my

bones are troubled.

6:4. And my soul is troubled exceedingly: but thou, O Lord, how long?

6:5. Turn to me, O Lord, and deliver my soul: O save me for thy mercy's


6:6. For there is no one in death, that is mindful of thee: and who

shall confess to thee in hell?

6:7. I have laboured in my groanings, every night I will wash my bed: I

will water my couch with my tears.

6:8. My eye is troubled through indignation: I have grown old amongst

all my enemies.

6:9. Depart from em, all ye workers of iniquity: for the Lord hath

heard the voice of my weeping.

6:10. The Lord hath heard my supplication: the Lord hath received my


6:11. Let all my enemies be ashamed, and be very much troubled: let

them be turned back, and be ashamed very speedily.

Chapter 7

Domine, Deus meus.

David, trusting in the justice of his cause, prayeth for God's help

against his enemies.

7:1. The psalm of David, which he sung to the Lord, for the words of

Chusi, the son of Jemini.

7:2. O Lord, my God, in thee have I put my trust; same me from all them

that persecute me, and deliver me.

7:3. Lest at any time he seize upon my soul like a lion, while there is

no one to redeem me, nor to save.

7:4. O Lord, my God, if I have done this thing, if there be iniquity in

my hands:

7:5. If I have rendered to them that repaid me evils, let me deservedly

fall empty before my enemies.

7:6. Let the enemy pursue my soul, and take it, and tread down my life,

on the earth, and bring down my glory to the dust.

7:7. Rise up, O Lord, in thy anger: and be thou exalted in the borders

of my enemies. And arise, O Lord, my God, in the precept which thou

hast commanded:

7:8. And a congregation of people shall surround thee. And for their

sakes return thou on high.

7:9. The Lord judgeth the people. Judge me, O Lord, according to my

justice, and according to my innocence in me.

7:10. The wickedness of sinners shall be brought to nought; and thou

shalt direct the just: the searcher of hearts and reins is God. Just

7:11. Is my help from the Lord; who saveth the upright of heart.

7:12. God is a just judge, strong and patient: is he angry every day?

7:13. Except you will be converted, he will brandish his sword; he hath

bent his bow, and made it ready.

7:14. And in it he hath prepared to instruments of death, he hath made

ready his arrows for them that burn.

For them that burn. . .That is, against the persecutors of his saints.

7:15. Behold he hath been in labour with injustice: he hath conceived

sorrow, and brought forth iniquity.

7:16. He hath opened a pit and dug it: and he is fallen into the hole

he made.

7:17. His sorrow shall be turned on his own head: and his iniquity

shall come down upon his crown.

7:18. I will give glory to the Lord according to his justice: and will

sing to the name of the Lord the most high.

Chapter 8

Domine, Dominus noster.

God is wonderful in his works; especially in mankind, singularly

exalted by the incarnation of Christ.

8:1. Unto the end, for the presses: a psalm for David.

The presses. . .In Hebrew, Gittith, supposed to be a musical instrument.

8:2. O Lord, our Lord, how admirable is thy name in the whole earth!

For thy magnificence is elevated above the heavens.

8:3. Out of the mouth of infants and of sucklings thou hast perfected

praise, because of thy enemies, that thou mayst destroy the enemy and

the avenger.

8:4. For I will behold thy heavens, the works of thy fingers: the moon

and the stars which thou hast founded.

8:5. What is man, that thou art mindful of him? or the son of man, that

thou visitest him?

8:6. Thou hast made him a little less than the angels, thou hast

crowned him with glory and honour:

8:7. And hast set him over the works of thy hands.

8:8. Thou hast subjected all things under his feet, all sheep and oxen:

moreover, the beasts also of the fields.

8:9. The birds of the air, and the fishes of the sea, that pass through

the paths of the sea.

8:10. O Lord, our Lord, how admirable is thy name in the whole earth!

Chapter 9

Confitebor tibi, Domine. The church praiseth God for his protection

against her enemies.

9:1. Unto the end, for the hidden things of the Son. A psalm for David.

The hidden things of the Son. . .The humility and sufferings of Christ,

the Son of God; and of good Christians, who are his sons by adoption;

are called hidden things, with regard to the children of this world,

who know not the value and merit of them.

9:2. I will give praise to thee, O Lord, with my whole heart: I will

relate all thy wonders.

9:3. I will be glad, and rejoice in thee: I will sing to thy name, O

thou most high.

9:4. When my enemy shall be turned back: they shall be weakened, and

perish before thy face.

9:5. For thou hast maintained my judgment and my cause: thou hast sat

on the throne, who judgest justice.

9:6. Thou hast rebuked the Gentiles, and the wicked one hath perished;

thou hast blotted out their name for ever and ever.

9:7. The swords of the enemy have failed unto the end: and their cities

thou hast destroyed. Their memory hath perished with a noise:

9:8. But the Lord remaineth for ever. He hath prepared his throne in


9:9. And he shall judge the world in equity, he shall judge the people

in justice.

9:10. And the Lord is become a refuge for the poor: a helper in due

time in tribulation.

9:11. And let them trust in thee who know thy name: for thou hast not

forsaken them that seek thee, O Lord.

9:12. Sing ye to the Lord, who dwelleth in Sion: declare his ways among

the Gentiles:

9:13. For requiring their blood, he hath remembered them: he hath not

forgotten the cry of the poor.

9:14. Have mercy on me, O Lord: see my humiliation which I suffer from

my enemies.

9:15. Thou that liftest me up from the gates of death, that I may

declare all thy praises in the gates of the daughter of Sion.

9:16. I will rejoice in thy salvation: the Gentiles have stuck fast in

the destruction which they prepared. Their foot hath been taken in the

very snare which they hid.

9:17. The Lord shall be known when he executeth judgments: the sinner

hath been caught in the works of his own hands.

9:18. The wicked shall be turned into hell, all the nations that forget


9:19. For the poor man shall not be forgotten to the end: the patience

of the poor shall not perish for ever.

9:20. Arise, O Lord, let not man be strengthened: let the Gentiles be

judged in thy sight.

9:21. Appoint, O Lord, a lawgiver over them: that the Gentiles may know

themselves to be but men.

Here the late Hebrew doctors divide this psalm into two, making ver. 22

the beginning of Psalm 10. And again they join Psalms 146 and 147 into

one, in order that the whole number of psalms should not exceed 150.

And in this manner the psalms are numbered in the Protestant Bible.

Psalm 10 according to the Hebrews.

9a:1. Why, O Lord, hast thou retired afar off? why dost thou slight us

in our wants, in the time of trouble?

9a:2. Whilst the wicked man is proud, the poor is set on fire: they are

caught in the counsels which they devise.

9a:3. For the sinner is praised in the desires of his soul: and the

unjust man is blessed.

9a:4. The sinner hath provoked the Lord, according to the multitude of

his wrath, he will not seek him:

9a:5. God is not before his eyes: his ways are filthy at all times. Thy

judgments are removed form his sight: he shall rule over all his


9a:6. For he hath said in his heart: I shall not be moved from

generation to generation, and shall be without evil.

9a:7. His mouth is full of cursing, and of bitterness, and of deceit:

under his tongue are labour and sorrow.

9a:8. He sitteth in ambush with the rich, in private places, that he may

kill the innocent.

9a:9. His eyes are upon the poor man: he lieth in wait, in secret, like

a lion in his den. He lieth in ambush, that he may catch the poor man:

so catch the poor, whilst he draweth him to him.

9a:10. In his net he will bring him down, he will crouch and fall, when

he shall have power over the poor.

9a:11. For he hath said in his heart: God hath forgotten, he hath turned

away his face, not to see to the end.

9a:12. Arise, O Lord God, let thy hand be exalted: forget not the poor.

9a:13. Wherefore hath the wicked provoked God? for he hath said in his

heart: He will not require it.

9a:14. Thou seest it, for thou considerest labour and sorrow: that thou

mayst deliver them into thy hands. To thee is the poor man left: thou

wilt be a helper to the orphan.

9a:15. Break thou the arm of the sinner and of the malignant: his sin

shall be sought, and shall not be found.

9a:16. The Lord shall reign to eternity, yea, for ever and ever: ye

Gentiles shall perish from his land.

9a:17. The Lord hath heard the desire of the poor: thy ear hath heard

the preparation of their heart.

9a:18. To judge for the fatherless and for the humble, that man may no

more presume to magnify himself upon earth.

Chapter 10

In Domino confido.

The just man's confidence in God in the midst of persecutions.

10:1. Unto the end. A psalm to David.

10:2. In the Lord I put my trust: how then do you say to my soul: Get

thee away from hence to the mountain, like a sparrow.

10:3. For, lo, the wicked have bent their bow: they have prepared their

arrows in the quiver, to shoot in the dark the upright of heart.

10:4. For they have destroyed the things which thou hast made: but what

has the just man done?

10:5. The Lord is in his holy temple, the Lord's throne is in heaven.

His eyes look on the poor man: his eyelids examine the sons of men.

10:6. The Lord trieth the just and the wicked: but he that loveth

iniquity, hateth his own soul.

10:7. He shall rain snares upon sinners: fire and brimstone, and storms

of winds, shall be the portion of their cup.

10:8. For the Lord is just, and hath loved justice: his countenance

hath beheld righteousness.

Chapter 11

Salvum me fac.

The prophet calls for God's help against the wicked.

11:1. Unto the end: for the octave, a psalm for David.

11:2. Save me, O Lord, for there is now no saint: truths are decayed

from among the children of men.

11:3. They have spoken vain things, every one to his neighbour: with

deceitful lips, and with a double heart have they spoken.

11:4. May the Lord destroy all deceitful lips, and the tongue that

speaketh proud things.

11:5. Who have said: We will magnify our tongue: our lips are our own:

who is Lord over us?

11:6. By reason of the misery of the needy, and the groans of the poor,

now will I arise, saith the Lord. I will set him in safety: I will deal

confidently in his regard.

11:7. The words of the Lord are pure words: as silver tried by the

fire, purged from the earth, refined seven times.

11:8. Thou, O Lord, wilt preserve us: and keep us from this generation

for ever.

11:9. The wicked walk round about: according to thy highness, thou hast

multiplied the children of men.

Chapter 12

Usquequo, Domine.

A prayer in tribulation.

12:1. Unto the end, a psalm for David. How long, O Lord, wilt thou

forget me unto the end? how long dost thou turn away thy face from me?

12:2. How long shall I take counsels in my soul, sorrow in my heart all

the day?

12:3. How long shall my enemy be exalted over Me?

12:4. Consider, and hear me, O Lord, my God. Enlighten my eyes, that I

never sleep in death:

12:5. Lest at any time my enemy say: I have prevailed against him. They

that trouble me, will rejoice when I am moved:

12:6. But I have trusted in thy mercy. My heart shall rejoice in thy

salvation: I will sing to the Lord, who giveth me good things: yea, I

will sing to the name of the Lord, the most high.

Chapter 13

Dixit insipiens.

The general corruption of man before our redemption by Christ.

13:1. Unto the end, a psalm for David. The fool hath said in his heart:

There is no God. They are corrupt, and are become abominable in their

ways: there is none that doth good, no not one.

13:2. The Lord hath looked down from heaven upon the children of men,

to see if there be any that understand and seek God.

13:3. They are all gone aside, they are become unprofitable together:

there is none that doth good: no not one. Their throat is an open

sepulchre; with their tongues they acted deceitfully: the poison of

asps is under their lips. Their mouth is full of cursing and

bitterness; their feet are swift to shed blood. Destruction and

unhappiness in their ways; and the way of peace they have not known:

there is no fear of God before their eyes.

13:4. Shall not all they know that work iniquity, who devour my people

as they eat bread?

13:5. They have not called upon the Lord: there have they trembled for

fear, where there was no fear.

13:6. For the Lord is in the just generation: you have confounded the

counsel of the poor man; but the Lord is his hope.

13:7. Who shall give out of Sion the salvation of Israel? when the Lord

shall have turned away the captivity of his people, Jacob shall

rejoice, and Israel shall be glad.

Chapter 14

Domine, quis habitabit.

What kind of men shall dwell in the heavenly Sion.

14:1. A psalm for David. Lord, who shall dwell in thy tabernacle? or

who shall rest in thy holy hill?

14:2. He that walketh without blemish, and worketh justice:

14:3. He that speaketh truth in his heart, who hath not used deceit in

his tongue: Nor hath done evil to his neighbour: nor taken up a

reproach against his neighbours.

14:4. In his sight the malignant is brought to nothing: but he

glorifieth them that fear the Lord. He that sweareth to his neighbour,

and deceiveth not;

14:5. He that hath not put out his money to usury, nortaken bribes

against the innocent: He that doth these things, shall not be moved for


Chapter 15

Conserva me, Domine.

Christ's future victory and triumph over the world and death.

15:1. The inscription of a title to David himself. Preserve me, O Lord,

for I have put my trust in thee.

The inscription of a title. . .That is, of a pillar or monument,

staylographia: which is as much as to say, that this psalm is most

worthy to be engraved on an everlasting monument.

15:2. I have said to the Lord, thou art my God, for thou hast no need

of my goods.

15:3. To the saints, who are in his land, he hath made wonderful all my

desires in them.

15:4. Their infirmities were multiplied: afterwards they made haste. I

will not gather together their meetings for bloodofferings: nor will I

be mindful of their names by my lips.

15:5. The Lord is the portion of my inheritance and of my cup: it is

thou that wilt restore my inheritance to me.

15:6. The lines are fallen unto me in goodly places: for my inheritance

is goodly to me.

15:7. I will bless the Lord, who hath given me understanding: moreover,

my reins also have corrected me even till night.

15:8. I set the Lord always in my sight: for he is at my right hand,

that I be not moved.

15:9. Therefore my heart hath been glad, and my tongue hath rejoiced:

moreover, my flesh also shall rest in hope.

15:10. Because thou wilt not leave my soul in hell; nor wilt thou give

thy holy one to see corruption.

15:11. Thou hast made known to me the ways of life, thou shalt fill me

with joy with thy countenance: at thy right hand are delights even to

the end.

Chapter 16

Exaudi, Domine, justitiam.

A just man's prayer in tribulation against the malice of his enemy.

16:1. The prayer of David. Hear, O Lord, my justice: attend to my

supplication. Give ear unto my prayer, which proceedeth not from

deceitful lips.

16:2. Let my judgment come forth from thy countenance: let thy eyes

behold the things that are equitable.

16:3. Thou hast proved my heart, and visited it by night, thou hast

tried me by fire: and iniquity hath not been found in me.

16:4. That my mouth may not speak the works of men: for the sake of the

words of thy lips, I have kept hard ways.

16:5. Perfect thou my goings in thy paths: that my footsteps be not


16:6. I have cried to thee, for thou, O God, hast heard me: O incline

thy ear unto me, and hear my words.

16:7. Shew forth thy wonderful mercies; thou who savest them that trust

in thee.

16:8. From them that resist thy right hand keep me, as the apple of thy

eye. Protect me under the shadow of thy wings.

16:9. From the face of the wicked who have afflicted me. My enemies

have surrounded my soul:

16:10. They have shut up their fat: their mouth hath spoken proudly.

Their fat. . .That is, their bowels of compassion: for they have none

for me.

16:11. They have cast me forth, and now they have surrounded me: they

have set their eyes bowing down to the earth.

16:12. They have taken me, as a lion prepared for the prey; and as a

young lion dwelling in secret places.

16:13. Arise, O Lord, disappoint him and supplant him; deliver my soul

from the wicked one; thy sword

16:14. From the enemies of thy hand. O Lord, divide them from the few

of the earth in their life: their belly is filled from thy hidden

stores. They are full of children: and they have left to their little

ones the rest of their substance.

Divide them from the few, etc. . .That is, cut them off from the earth,

and the few trifling things thereof; which they are so proud of, or

divide them from the few; that is, from thy elect, who are but few;

that they may no longer have it in their power to oppress them. It is

not meant by way of a curse or imprecation; but, as many other the like

passages in the psalms, by way of a prediction, or prophecy of what

should come upon them, in punishment of their wickedness. Ibid. Thy

hidden stores. . .Thy secret treasures, out of which thou furnishest

those earthly goods, which, with a bountiful hand thou hast distributed

both to the good and the bad.

16:15. But as for me, I will appear before thy sight in justice: I

shall be satisfied when thy glory shall appear.

Chapter 17

Diligam te, Domine.

David's thanks to God for his delivery from all his enemies.

17:1. Unto the end, for David, the servant of the Lord, who spoke to

the Lord the words of this canticle, in the day that the Lord delivered

him from the hand of all his enemies, and from the hand of Saul: and he


17:2. I will love thee, O Lord, my strength:

17:3. The Lord is my firmament, my refuge, and my deliverer. My God is

my helper, and in him will I put my trust. My protector, and the horn

of my salvation, and my support.

17:4. Praising, I will call upon the Lord: and I shall be saved from my


17:5. The sorrows of death surrounded me: and the torrents of iniquity

troubled me.

17:6. The sorrows of hell encompassed me: and the snares of death

prevented me.

17:7. In my affliction I called upon the Lord, and I cried to my God:

And he heard my voice from his holy temple: and my cry before him came

into his ears.

17:8. The earth shook and trembled: the foundations of the mountains

were troubled and were moved, because he was angry with them.

17:9. There went up a smoke in his wrath: and a fire flamed from his

face: coals were kindled by it.

17:10. He bowed the heavens, and came down, and darkness was under his


17:11. And he ascended upon the cherubim, and he flew; he flew upon the

wings of the winds.

17:12. And he made darkness his covert, his pavilion round about him:

dark waters in the clouds of the air.

17:13. At the brightness that was before him the clouds passed, hail

and coals of fire.

17:14. And the Lord thundered from heaven, and the Highest gave his

voice: hail and coals of fire.

17:15. And he sent forth his arrows, and he scattered them: he

multiplied lightnings, and troubled them.

17:16. Then the fountains of waters appeared, and the foundations of

the world were discovered: At thy rebuke, O Lord, at the blast of the

spirit of thy wrath.

17:17. He sent from on high, and took me: and received me out of many


17:18. He delivered me from my strongest enemies, and from them that

hated me: for they were too strong for me.

17:19. They prevented me in the day of my affliction: and the Lord

became my protector.

17:20. And he brought me forth into a large place: he saved me, because

he was well pleased with me.

17:21. And the Lord will reward me according to my justice; and will

repay me according to the cleanness of my hands:

17:22. Because I have kept the ways of the Lord; and have not done

wickedly against my God.

17:23. For all his judgments are in my sight: and his justices I have

not put away from me.

17:24. And I shall be spotless with him: and shall keep myself from my


17:25. And the Lord will reward me according to my justice: and

according to the cleanness of my hands before his eyes.

17:26. With the holy thou wilt be holy; and with the innocent man thou

wilt be innocent:

17:27. And withe the elect thou wilt be elect: and with the perverse

thou wilt be perverted.

17:28. For thou wilt save the humble people; but wilt bring down the

eyes of the proud.

17:29. For thou lightest my lamp, O Lord: O my God, enlighten my


17:30. For by thee I shall be delivered from temptation; and through my

God I shall go over a wall.

17:31. As for my God, his way is undefiled: the words of the Lord are

fire-tried: he is the protector of all that trust in him.

17:32. For who is God but the Lord? or who is God but our God?

17:33. God, who hath girt me with strength; and made my way blameless.

17:34. Who hath made my feet like the feet of harts: and who setteth me

upon high places.

17:35. Who teacheth my hands to war: and thou hast made my arms like a

brazen bow.

17:36. And thou hast given me the protection of thy salvation: and thy

right hand hath held me up: And thy discipline hath corrected me unto

the end: and thy discipline, the same shall teach me.

17:37. Thou hast enlarged my steps under me; and my feet are not


17:38. I will pursue after my enemies, and overtake them: and I will

not turn again till they are consumed.

17:39. I will break them, and they shall not be able to stand: they

shall fall under my feet.

17:40. And thou hast girded me with strength unto battle; and hast

subdued under me them that rose up against me.

17:41. And thou hast made my enemies furn their back upon me, and hast

destroyed them that hated me.

17:42. They cried, but there was none to save them, to the Lord: but he

heard them not.

17:43. And I shall beat them as small as the dust before the wind; I

shall bring them to nought, like the dirt in the streets.

17:44. Thou wilt deliver me from the contradictions of the people; thou

wilt make me head of the Gentiles.

17:45. A people which I knew not, hath served me: at the hearing of the

ear they have obeyed me.

17:46. The children that are strangers have lied to me, strange

children have faded away, and have halted from their paths.

17:47. The Lord liveth, and blessed by my God, and let the God of my

salvation be exalted.

17:48. O God, who avengest me, and subduest the people under me, my

deliverer from my enraged enemies.

17:49. And thou wilt lift me up above them that rise up against me:

from the unjust man thou wilt deliver me.

17:50. Therefore will I give glory to thee, O Lord, among the nations,

and I will sing a psalm to thy name.

17:51. Giving great deliverance to his king, and shewing mercy to

David, his anointed: and to his seed for ever.

Chapter 18

Coeli enarrant.

The works of God shew forth his glory: his law is greatly to be

esteemed and loved.

18:1. Unto the end. A Psalm for David.

18:2. The heavens shew forth the glory of God, and the firmament

declareth the work of his hands.

18:3. Day to day uttereth speech, and night to night sheweth knowledge.

18:4. There are no speeches nor languages, where their voices are not


18:5. Their sound hath gone forth into all the earth: and their words

unto the ends of the world.

18:6. He hath set his tabernacle in the sun: and he as a bridegroom

coming out of his bridechamber, Hath rejoiced as a giant to run the


18:7. His going out is from the end of heaven, And his circuit even to

the end thereof: and there is no one that can hide himself from his


18:8. The law of the Lord is unspotted, converting souls: the testimony

of the Lord is faithful, giving wisdom to little ones.

18:9. The justices of the Lord are right, rejoicing hearts: the

commandment of the Lord is lightsome, enlightening the eyes.

18:10. The fear of the Lord is holy, enduring for ever and ever: the

judgments of the Lord are true, justified in themselves.

18:11. More to be desired than gold and many precious stones: and

sweeter than honey and the honeycomb.

18:12. For thy servant keepeth them, and in keeping them there is a

great reward.

18:13. Who can understand sins? from my secret ones cleanse me, O Lord:

18:14. And from those of others spare thy servant. If they shall have

no dominion over me, then shall I be without spot: and I shall be

cleansed form the greatest sin.

18:15. And the words of my mouth shall be such as may please: and the

meditation of my heart always in thy sight. O Lord, my helper and my


Chapter 19

Exaudiat te Dominus.

A prayer for the king.

19:1. Unto the end. A psalm for David.

19:2. May the Lord hear thee in the day of tribulation: may the name of

the God of Jacob protect thee.

19:3. May he send thee help from the sanctuary: and defend thee out of


19:4. May he be mindful of all thy sacrifices: and may thy whole

burntoffering be made fat.

19:5. May he give thee according to thy own heart; and confirm all thy


19:6. We will rejoice in thy salvation; and in the name of our God we

shall be exalted.

19:7. The Lord fulfil all thy petitions: now have I known that the Lord

hath saved his anointed. He will hear him from his holy heaven: the

salvation of his right hand is in powers.

The salvation of his right hand is in powers. . .That is, in strength.

His right hand is strong and mighty to save them that trust in him.

19:8. Some trust in chariots, and some in horses: but we will call upon

the name of the Lord, our God.

19:9. They are bound, and have fallen: but we are risen, and are set

upright. O Lord, save the king: and hear us in the day that we shall

call upon thee.

Chapter 20

Domine, in virtute.

Praise to God for Christ's exaltation after his passion.

20:1. Unto the end. A psalm for David.

20:2. In thy strength, O Lord, the king shall joy; and in thy salvation

he shall rejoice exceedingly.

20:3. Thou hast given him his heart's desire: and hast not withholden

from him the will of his lips.

20:4. For thou hast prevented him with blessings of sweetness: thou

hast set on his head a crown of precious stones.

20:5. He asked life of thee: and thou hast given him length of days for

ever and ever.

20:6. His glory is great in thy salvation: glory and great beauty shalt

thou lay upon him.

20:7. For thou shalt give him to be a blessing for ever and ever: thou

shalt make him joyful in gladness with thy countenance.

20:8. For the king hopeth in the Lord: and through the mercy of the

most High he shall not be moved.

20:9. Let thy hand be found by all thy enemies: let thy right hand find

out all them that hate thee.

20:10. Thou shalt make them as an oven of fire, in the time of thy

anger: the Lord shall trouble them in his wrath, and fire shall devour


20:11. Their fruit shalt thou destroy from the earth: and their seed

from among the children of men.

20:12. For they have intended evils against thee: they have devised

counsels which they have not been able to establish.

20:13. For thou shalt make them turn their back: in thy remnants thou

shalt prepare their face.

In thy remnants thou shalt prepare their face. . .Or thou shalt set thy

remnants against their faces. That is, thou shalt make them see what

punishments remain for them hereafter from thy justice. Instead of

remnants, St. Jerome renders it funes, that is, cords or strings, viz.,

of the bow of divine justice, from which God directs his arrows against

the faces of his enemies.

20:14. Be thou exalted, O Lord, in thy own strength: we will sing and

praise thy power.

Chapter 21

Deus Deus meus.

Christ's passion: and the conversion of the Gentiles.

21:1. Unto the end, for the morning protection, a psalm for David.

21:2. O God my God, look upon me: why hast thou forsaken me? Far from

my salvation are the words of my sins.

The words of my sins. . .That is, the sins of the world, which I have

taken upon myself, cry out against me, and are the cause of all my


21:3. O my God, I shall cry by day, and thou wilt not hear: and by

night, and it shall not be reputed as folly in me.

21:4. But thou dwellest in the holy place, the praise of Israel.

21:5. In thee have our fathers hoped: they have hoped, and thou hast

delivered them.

21:6. They cried to thee, and they were saved: they trusted in thee,

and were not confounded.

21:7. But I am a worm, and no man: the reproach of men, and the outcast

of the people.

21:8. All they that saw me have laughed me to scorn: they have spoken

with the lips, and wagged the head.

21:9. He hoped in the Lord, let him deliver him: let him save him,

seeing he delighteth in him.

21:10. For thou art he that hast drawn me out of the womb: my hope from

the breasts of my mother.

21:11. I was cast upon thee from the womb. From my mother's womb thou

art my God,

21:12. Depart not from me. For tribulation is very near: for there is

none to help me.

21:13. Many calves have surrounded me: fat bulls have besieged me.

21:14.They have opened their mouths against me, as a lion ravening and


21:15. I am poured out like water; and all my bones are scattered. My

heart is become like wax melting in the midst of my bowels.

21:16. My strength is dried up like a potsherd, and my tongue hath

cleaved to my jaws: and thou hast brought me down into the dust of


21:17. For many dogs have encompassed me: the council of the malignant

hath besieged me. They have dug my hands and feet.

21:18. They have numbered all my bones. And they have looked and stared

upon me.

21:19. They parted my garments amongst them; and upon my vesture they

cast lots.

21:20. But thou, O Lord, remove not thy help to a distance from me;

look towards my defence.

21:21. Deliver, O God, my soul from the sword: my only one from the

hand of the dog.

21:22. Save me from the lion's mouth; and my lowness from the horns of

the unicorns.

21:23. I will declare thy name to my brethren: in the midst of the

church will I praise thee.

21:24. Ye that fear the Lord, praise him: all ye the seed of Jacob,

glorify him.

21:25. Let all the seed of Israel fear him: because he hath not

slighted nor despised the supplication of the poor man. Neither hath he

turned away his face form me: and when I cried to him he heard me.

21:26. With thee is my praise in a great church: I will pay my vows in

the sight of them that fear him.

21:27. The poor shall eat and shall be filled: and they shall praise

the Lord that seek him: their hearts shall live for ever and ever.

21:28. All the ends of the earth shall remember, and shall be converted

to the Lord: And all the kindreds of the Gentiles shall adore in his


21:29. For the kingdom is the Lord's; and he shall have dominion over

the nations.

21:30. All the fat ones of the earth have eaten and have adored: all

they that go down to the earth shall fall before him.

21:31. And to him my soul shall live: and my seed shall serve him.

21:32. There shall be declared to the Lord a generation to come: and

the heavens shall shew forth his justice to a people that shall be

born, which the Lord hath made.

Chapter 22

Dominus regit me.

God's spiritual benefits to faithful souls.

22:1. A psalm for David. The Lord ruleth me: and I shall want nothing.

Ruleth me. . .In Hebrew, Is my shepherd, viz., to feed, guide, and

govern me.

22:2. He hath set me in a place of pasture. He hath brought me up, on

the water of refreshment:

22:3. He hath converted my soul. He hath led me on the paths of

justice, for his own name's sake.

22:4. For though I should walk in the midst of the shadow of death, I

will fear no evils, for thou art with me. Thy rod and thy staff, they

have comforted me.

22:5. Thou hast prepared a table before me against them that afflict

me. Thou hast anointed my head with oil; and my chalice which

inebreateth me, how goodly is it!

22:6. And thy mercy will follow me all the days of my life. And that I

may dwell in the house of the Lord unto length of days.

Chapter 23

Domini est terra.

Who are they that shall ascend to heaven: Christ's triumphant ascension


23:1. On the first day of the week, a psalm for David. The earth is the

Lord's and the fulness thereof: the world, and all they that dwell


23:2. For he hath founded it upon the seas; and hath prepared it upon

the rivers.

23:3. Who shall ascend into the mountain of the Lord: or who shall

stand in his holy place?

23:4. The innocent in hands, and clean of heart, who hath not taken his

soul in vain, nor sworn deceitfully to his neighbour.

23:5. He shall receive a blessing from the Lord, and mercy from God his


23:6. This is the generation of them that seek him, of them that seek

the face of the God of Jacob.

23:7. Lift up your gates, O ye princes, and be ye lifted up, O eternal

gates: and the King of Glory shall enter in.

23:8. Who is this King of Glory? the Lord who is strong and mighty: the

Lord mighty in battle.

23:9. Lift up your gates, O ye princes, and be ye lifted up, O eternal

gates: and the King of Glory shall enter in.

23:10. Who is this King of Glory? the Lord of hosts, he is the King of


Chapter 24

Ad te, Domine, levavi.

A prayer for grace, mercy, and protection against our enemies.

24:1. Unto the end, a psalm for David. To thee, O Lord, have I lifted

up my soul.

24:2. In thee, O my God, I put my trust; let me not be ashamed.

24:3. Neither let my enemies laugh at me: for none of them that wait on

thee shall be confounded.

24:4. Let all them be confounded that act unjust things without cause.

Shew, O Lord, thy ways to me, and teach me thy paths.

24:5. Direct me in thy truth, and teach me; for thou art God my

Saviour; and on thee have I waited all the day long.

24:6. Remember, O Lord, thy bowels of compassion; and thy mercies that

are from the beginning of the world.

24:7. The sins of my youth and my ignorances do not remember. According

to thy mercy remember thou me: for thy goodness' sake, O Lord.

24:8. The Lord is sweet and righteous: therefore he will give a law to

sinners in the way.

24:9. He will guide the mild in judgment: he will teach the meek his


24:10. All the ways of the Lord are mercy and truth, to them that seek

after his covenant and his testimonies.

24:11. For thy name's sake, O Lord, thou wilt pardon my sin: for it is


24:12. Who is the man that feareth the Lord? He hath appointed him a

law in the way he hath chosen.

24:13. His soul shall dwell in good things: and his seed shall inherit

the land.

24:14. The Lord is a firmament to them that fear him: and his covenant

shall be made manifest to them.

24:15. My eyes are ever towards the Lord: for he shall pluck my feet

out of the snare.

24:16. Look thou upon me, and have mercy on me; for I am alone and


24:17. The troubles of my heart are multiplied: deliver me from my


24:18. See my abjection and my labour; and forgive me all my sins.

24:19. Consider my enemies for they are multiplied, and have hated me

with an unjust hatred.

24:20. Deep thou my soul, and deliver me: I shall not be ashamed, for I

have hoped in thee.

24:21. The innocent and the upright have adhered to me: because I have

waited on thee.

24:22. Deliver Israel, O God, from all his tribulations.

Chapter 25

Judica me, Domine.

David's prayer to God in his distress, to be delivered, that he may

come to worship him in his tabernacle.

25:1. Unto the end, a psalm for David. Judge me, O Lord, for I have

walked in my innocence: and I have put my trust in the Lord, and shall

not be weakened.

25:2. Prove me, O Lord, and try me; burn my reins and my heart.

25:3. For thy mercy is before my eyes; and I am well pleased with thy


25:4. I have not sat with the council of vanity: neither will I go in

with the doers of unjust things.

25:5. I have hated the assembly of the malignant; and with the wicked I

will not sit.

25:6. I will wash my hands among the innocent; and will compass thy

altar, O Lord:

25:7. That I may hear the voice of thy praise: and tell of all thy

wondrous works.

25:8. I have loved, O Lord, the beauty of thy house; and the place

where thy glory dwelleth.

25:9. Take not away my soul, O God, with the wicked: nor my life with

bloody men:

25:10. In whose hands are iniquities: their right hand is filled with


25:11. But as for me, I have walked in my innocence: redeem me, and

have mercy on me.

25:12. My foot hath stood in the direct way: in the churches I will

bless thee, O Lord.

Chapter 26

Dominus illuminatio.

David's faith and hope in God.

26:1. The psalm of David before he was anointed. The Lord is my light

and my salvation, whom shall I fear? The Lord is the protector of my

life: of whom shall I be afraid?

26:2. Whilst the wicked draw near against me, to eat my flesh. My

enemies that trouble me, have themselves been weakened, and have


26:3. If armies in camp should stand together against me, my heart

shall not fear. If a battle should rise up against me, in this will I

be confident.

26:4. One thing I have asked of the Lord, this will I seek after; that

I may dwell in the house of the Lord all the days of my life. That I

may see the delight of the Lord, and may visit his temple.

26:5. For he hath hidden me in his tabernacle; in the day of evils, he

hath protected me in the secret place of his tabernacle.

26:6. He hath exalted me upon a rock: and now he hath lifted up my head

above my enemies. I have gone round, and have offered up in his

tabernacle a sacrifice of jubilation: I will sing, and recite a psalm

to the Lord.

26:7. Hear, O Lord, my voice, with which I have cried to thee: have

mercy on me and hear me.

26:8. My heart hath said to thee: My face hath sought thee: thy face, O

Lord, will I still seek.

26:9. Turn not away thy face from me; decline not in thy wrath from thy

servant. Be thou my helper, forsake me not; do not thou despise me, O

God my Saviour.

26:10. For my father and my mother have left me: but the Lord hath

taken me up.

26:11. Set me, O Lord, a law in thy way, and guide me in the right

path, because of my enemies.

26:12. Deliver me not over to the will of them that trouble me; for

unjust witnesses have risen up against me; and iniquity hath lied to


26:13. I believe to see the good things of the Lord in the land of the


26:14. Expect the Lord, do manfully, and let thy heart take courage,

and wait thou for the Lord.

Chapter 27

Ad te, Domine, clamabo.

David's prayer that his enemies may not prevail over him.

27:1. A psalm for David himself. Unto thee will I cry, O Lord: O my

God, be not thou silent to me: lest if thou be silent to me, I become

like them that go down into the pit.

27:2. Hear, O Lord, the voice of my supplication, when I pray to thee;

when I lift up my hands to thy holy temple.

27:3. Draw me not away together with the wicked; and with the workers

of iniquity destroy me not: Who speak peace with their neighbour, but

evils are in their hearts.

27:4. Give them according to their works, and according to the

wickedness of their inventions. According to the works of their hands

give thou to them: render to them their reward.

27:5. Because they have not understood the works of the Lord, and the

operations of his hands: thou shalt destroy them, and shalt not build

them up.

27:6. Blessed be the Lord, for he hath heard the voice of my


27:7. The Lord is my helper and my protector: in him hath my heart

confided, and I have been helped. And my flesh hath flourished again,

and with my will I will give praise to him.

27:8. The Lord is the strength of his people, and the protector of the

salvation of his anointed.

27:9. Save, O Lord, thy people, and bless thy inheritance: and rule

them and exalt them for ever.

Chapter 28

Afferte Domino.

An invitation to glorify God, with a commemoration of his mighty works.

28:1. A psalm for David, at the finishing of the tabernacle. Bring to

the Lord, O ye children of God: bring to the Lord the offspring of


28:2. Bring to the Lord glory and honour: bring to the Lord glory to

his name: adore ye the Lord in his holy court.

28:3. The voice of the Lord is upon the waters; the God of majesty hath

thundered, The Lord is upon many waters.

28:4. The voice of the Lord is in power; the voice of the Lord in


28:5. The voice of the Lord breaketh the cedars: yea, the Lord shall

break the cedars of Libanus.

28:6. And shall reduce them to pieces, as a calf of Libanus, and as the

beloved son of unicorns.

Shall reduce them to pieces, etc. . .In Hebrew, shall make them to skip

like a calf. The psalmist here describes the effects of thunder (which

he calls the voice of the Lord) which sometimes breaks down the tallest

and strongest trees; and makes their broken branches skip, etc. All

this is to be understood mystically of the powerful voice of God's word

in his church; which has broken the pride of the great ones of this

world, and brought many of them meekly and joyfully to submit their

necks to the sweet yoke of Christ.

28:7. The voice of the Lord divideth the flame of fire:

28:8. The voice of the Lord shaketh the desert: and the Lord shall

shake the desert of Cades.

28:9. The voice of the Lord prepareth the stags: and he will discover

the thick woods: and in his temple all shall speak his glory.

28:10. The Lord maketh the flood to dwell: and the Lord shall sit king

for ever. The Lord will give strength to his people: the Lord will

bless his people with peace.

Chapter 29

Exaltabo te, Domine.

David praiseth God for his deliverance, and his merciful dealings with


29:1. A psalm of a canticle, at the dedication of David's house.

29:2. I will extol thee, O Lord, for thou hast upheld me: and hast not

made my enemies to rejoice over me.

29:3. O Lord my God, I have cried to thee, and thou hast healed me.

29:4. Thou hast brought forth, O Lord, my soul from hell: thou hast

saved me from them that go down into the pit.

29:5. Sing to the Lord, O ye his saints: and give praise to the memory

of his holiness.

29:6. For wrath is in his indignation; and life in his good will. In

the evening weeping shall have place, and in the morning gladness.

29:7. And in my abundance I said: I shall never be moved.

29:8. O Lord, in thy favour, thou gavest strength to my beauty. Thou

turnedst away thy face from me, and I became troubled.

29:9. To thee, O Lord, will I cry: and I will make supplication to my


29:10. What profit is there in my blood, whilst I go down to

corruption? Shall dust confess to thee, or declare thy truth?

29:11. The Lord hath heard, and hath had mercy on me: the Lord became

my helper.

29:12. Thou hast turned for me my mourning into joy: thou hast cut my

sackcloth, and hast compassed me with gladness:

29:13. To the end that my glory may sing to thee, and I may not regret:

O Lord my God, I will give praise to thee for ever.

Chapter 30

In te, Domine, speravi.

A prayer of a just man under affliction.

30:1. Unto the end, a psalm for David, in an ecstasy.

30:2. In thee, O Lord, have I hoped, let me never be confounded:

deliver me in thy justice.

30:3. Bow down thy ear to me: make haste to deliver me. Be thou unto me

a God, a protector, and a house of refuge, to save me.

30:4. For thou art my strength and my refuge; and for thy name's sake

thou wilt lead me, and nourish me.

30:5. Thou wilt bring me out of this snare, which they have hidden for

me: for thou art my protector.

30:6. Into thy hands I commend my spirit: thou hast redeemed me, O

Lord, the God of truth.

30:7. Thou hast hated them that regard vanities, to no purpose. But I

have hoped in the Lord:

30:8. I will be glad and rejoice in thy mercy. For thou hast regarded

my humility, thou hast saved my soul out of distresses.

30:9. And thou hast not shut me up in the hands of the enemy: thou hast

set my feet in a spacious place.

30:10. Have mercy on me, O Lord, for I am afflicted: my eye is troubled

with wrath, my soul, and my belly:

30:11. For my life is wasted with grief: and my years in sighs. My

strength is weakened through poverty and my bones are disturbed.

30:12. I am become a reproach among all my enemies, and very much to my

neighbours; and a fear to my acquaintance. They that saw me without

fled from me.

30:13. I am forgotten as one dead from the heart. I am become as a

vessel that is destroyed.

30:14. For I have heard the blame of many that dwell round about. While

they assembled together against me, they consulted to take away my


30:15. But I have put my trust in thee, O Lord: I said: Thou art my


30:16. My lots are in thy hands. Deliver me out of the hands of my

enemies; and from them that persecute me.

30:17. Make thy face to shine upon thy servant; save me in thy mercy.

30:18. Let me not be confounded, O Lord, for I have called upon thee.

Let the wicked be ashamed, and be brought down to hell.

30:19. Let deceitful lips be made dumb. Which speak iniquity against

the just, with pride and abuse.

30:20. O how great is the multitude of thy sweetness, O Lord, which

thou hast hidden for them that fear thee! Which thou hast wrought for

them that hope in thee, in the sight of the sons of men.

30:21. Thou shalt hide them in the secret of thy face, from the

disturbance of men. Thou shalt protect them in thy tabernacle from the

contradiction of tongues.

30:22. Blessed be the Lord, for he hath shewn his wonderful mercy to me

in a fortified city.

30:23. But I said in the excess of my mind: I am cast away from before

thy eyes. Therefore thou hast heard the voice of my prayer, when I

cried to thee.

30:24. O love the Lord, all ye his saints: for the Lord will require

truth, and will repay them abundantly that act proudly.

30:25. Do ye manfully, and let your heart be strengthened, all ye that

hope in the Lord.

Chapter 31

Beati quorum.

The second penitential psalm.

31:1. To David himself, understanding. Blessed are they whose

iniquities are forgiven, and whose sins are covered.

31:2. Blessed is the man to whom the Lord hath not imputed sin, and in

whose spirit there is no guile.

31:3. Because I was silent my bones grew old; whilst I cried out all

the day long.

Because I was silent, etc. . .That is, whilst I kept silence, by

concealing, or refusing to confess my sins, thy hand was heavy upon me,


31:4. For day and night thy hand was heavy upon me: I am turned in my

anguish, whilst the thorn is fastened.

I am turned, etc. . .That is, I turn and roll about in my bed to seek

for ease in my pain whilst the thorn of thy justice pierces my flesh,

and sticks fast in me. Or, I am turned: that is, I am converted to

thee, my God, by being brought to a better understanding by thy

chastisements. In the Hebrew it is, my moisture is turned into the

droughts of the summer.

31:5. I have acknowledged my sin to thee, and my injustice I have not

concealed. I said I will confess against my self my injustice to the

Lord: and thou hast forgiven the wickedness of my sin.

31:6. For this shall every one that is holy pray to thee in a

seasonable time. And yet in a flood of many waters, they shall not come

nigh unto him.

31:7. Thou art my refuge from the trouble which hath encompassed me: my

joy, deliver me from them that surround me.

31:8. I will give thee understanding, and I will instruct thee in this

way, in which thou shalt go: I will fix my eyes upon thee.

31:9. Do not become like the horse and the mule, who have no

understanding. With bit and bridle bind fast their jaws, who come not

near unto thee.

31:10. Many are the scourges of the sinner, but mercy shall encompass

him that hopeth in the Lord.

31:11. Be glad in the Lord, and rejoice, ye just, and glory, all ye

right of heart.

Chapter 32

Exultate, justi.

An exhortation to praise God, and to trust in him.

32:1. A psalm for David. Rejoice in the Lord, O ye just: praise

becometh the upright.

32:2. Give praise to the Lord on the harp; sing to him with the

psaltery, the instrument of ten strings.

32:3. Sing to him a new canticle, sing well unto him with a loud noise.

32:4. For the word of the Lord is right, and all his works are done

with faithfulness.

32:5. He loveth mercy and judgment; the earth is full of the mercy of

the Lord.

32:6. By the word of the Lord the heavens were established; and all the

power of them by the spirit of his mouth:

32:7. Gathering together the waters of the sea, as in a vessel; laying

up the depths in storehouses.

32:8. Let all the earth fear the Lord, and let all the inhabitants of

the world be in awe of him.

32:9. For he spoke and they were made: he commanded and they were


32:10. The Lord bringeth to nought the counsels of nations; and he

rejecteth the devices of people, and casteth away the counsels of


32:11. But the counsel of the Lord standeth for ever: the thoughts of

his heart to all generations.

32:12. Blessed is the nation whose God is the Lord: the people whom he

hath chosen for his inheritance.

32:13. The Lord hath looked from heaven: he hath beheld all the sons of


32:14. From his habitation which he hath prepared, he hath looked upon

all that dwell on the earth.

32:15. He who hath made the hearts of every one of them: who

understandeth all their works.

32:16. The king is not saved by a great army: nor shall the giant be

saved by his own great strength.

32:17. Vain is the horse for safety: neither shall he be saved by the

abundance of his strength.

32:18. Behold the eyes of the Lord are on them that fear him: and on

them that hope in his mercy.

32:19. To deliver their souls from death; and feed them in famine.

32:20. Our soul waiteth for the Lord: for he is our helper and


32:21. For in him our heart shall rejoice: and in his holy name we have


32:22. Let thy mercy, O Lord, be upon us, as we have hooped in thee.

Chapter 33

Benedicam Dominum.

An exhortation to the praise, and service of God.

33:1. For David, when he changed his countenance before Achimelech, who

dismissed him, and he went his way. [1 Kings 21.]

33:2. I will bless the Lord at all times, his praise shall be always in

my mouth.

33:3. In the Lord shall my soul be praised: let the meek hear and


33:4. O magnify the Lord with me; and let us extol his name together.

33:5. I sought the Lord, and he heard me; and he delivered me from all

my troubles.

33:6. Come ye to him and be enlightened: and your faces shall not be


33:7. This poor man cried, and the Lord heard him: and saved him out of

all his troubles.

33:8. The angel of the Lord shall encamp round about them that fear

him: and shall deliver them.

33:9. O taste, and see that the Lord is sweet: blessed is the man that

hopeth in him.

33:10. Fear the Lord, all ye his saints: for there is no want to them

that fear him.

33:11. The rich have wanted, and have suffered hunger: but they that

seek the Lord shall not be deprived of any good.

33:12. Come, children, hearken to me: I will teach you the fear of the


33:13. Who is the man that desireth life: who liveth to see good days?

33:14. Keep thy tongue form evil, and thy lips from speaking guile.

33:15. Turn away from evil and do good: seek after peace and pursue it.

33:16. The eyes of the Lord are upon the just: and his ears unto their


33:17. But the countenance of the Lord is against them that do evil

things: to cut off the remembrance of them from the earth.

33:18. The just cried, and the Lord heard them: and delivered them out

of all their troubles.

33:19. The Lord is nigh unto them that are of a contrite heart: and he

will save the humble of spirit.

33:20. Many are the afflictions of the just; but out of them all will

the Lord deliver them.

33:21. The Lord is nigh unto them that are of a contrite heart: and he

will save the humble of spirit.

33:22. The death of the wicked is very evil: and they that hate the

just shall be guilty.

33:23. The Lord will redeem the souls of his servants: and none of them

that trust in him shall offend.

Chapter 34

Judica, Domine, nocentes me.

David, in the person of Christ, prayeth against his persecutors:

prophetically foreshewing the punishments that shall fall upon them.

34:1. For David himself. Judge thou, O Lord, them that wrong me:

overthrow them that fight against me.

34:2. Take hold of arms and shield: and rise up to help me.

34:3. Bring out the sword, and shut up the way against them that

persecute me: say to my soul: I am thy salvation.

34:4. Let them be confounded and ashamed that seek after my soul. Let

them be turned back and be confounded that devise evil against me.

34:5. Let them become as dust before the wind: and let the angel of the

Lord straiten them.

34:6. Let their way become dark and slippery; and let the angel of the

Lord pursue them.

34:7. For without cause they have hidden their net for me unto

destruction: without cause they have upbraided my soul.

34:8. Let the snare which he knoweth not come upon him: and let the net

which he hath hidden catch him: and into that very snare let them fall.

34:9. But my soul shall rejoice in the Lord; and shall be delighted in

his salvation.

34:10. All my bones shall say: Lord, who is like to thee? Who

deliverest the poor from the hand of them that are stronger than he;

the needy and the poor from them that strip him.

34:11. Unjust witnesses rising up have asked me things I knew not.

34:12. They repaid me evil for good: to the depriving me of my soul.

34:13. But as for me, when they were troublesome to me, I was clothed

with haircloth. I humbled my soul with fasting; and my prayer shall be

turned into my bosom.

34:14. As a neighbour and as an own brother, so did I please: as one

mourning and sorrowful so was I humbled.

34:15. But they rejoiced against me, and came together: scourges were

gathered together upon me, and I knew not.

34:16. They were separated, and repented not: they tempted me, they

scoffed at me with scorn: they gnashed upon me with their teeth.

34:17. Lord, when wilt thou look upon me? rescue thou my soul from

their malice: my only one from the lions.

34:18. I will give thanks to thee in a great church; I will praise thee

in a strong people.

34:19. Let not them that are my enemies wrongfully rejoice over me: who

have hated me without cause, and wink with the eyes.

34:20. For they spoke indeed peaceably to me; and speaking in the anger

of the earth they devised guile.

34:21. And they opened their mouth wide against me; they said: Well

done, well done, our eyes have seen it.

34:22. Thou hast seen, O Lord, be not thou silent: O Lord, depart not

from me.

34:23. Arise, and be attentive to my judgment: to my cause, my God, and

my Lord.

34:24. Judge me, O Lord my God according to thy justice, and let them

not rejoice over me.

34:25. Let them not say in their hearts: It is well, it is well, to our

mind: neither let them say: We have swallowed him up.

34:26. Let them blush: and be ashamed together, who rejoice at my

evils. Let them be clothed with confusion and shame, who speak great

things against me.

34:27. Let them rejoice and be glad, who are well pleased with my

justice, and let them say always: The Lord be magnified, who delights

in the peace of his servant.

34:28. And my tongue shall meditate thy justice, thy praise all the day


Chapter 35

Dixit injustus.

The malice of sinners, and the goodness of God.

35:1. Unto the end, for the servant of God, David himself.

35:2. The unjust hath said within himself, that he would sin: there is

no fear of God before his eyes.

35:3. For in his sight he hath done deceitfully, that his iniquity may

be found unto hatred.

Unto hatred. . .That is, hateful to God.

35:4. The words of his mouth are iniquity and guile: he would not

understand that he might do well.

35:5. He hath devised iniquity on his bed, he hath set himself on every

way that is not good: but evil he hath not hated.

35:6. O Lord, thy mercy is in heaven, and thy truth reacheth even to

the clouds.

35:7. Thy justice is as the mountains of God, thy judgments are a great

deep. Men and beasts thou wilt preserve, O Lord:

35:8. O how hast thou multiplied thy mercy, O God! But the children of

men shall put their trust under the covert of thy wings.

35:9. They shall be inebriated with the plenty of thy house; and thou

shalt make them drink of the torrent of thy pleasure.

35:10. For with thee is the fountain of life; and in thy light we shall

see light.

35:11. Extend thy mercy to them that know thee, and thy justice to them

that are right in heart.

35:12. Let not the foot of pride come to me, and let not the hand of

the sinner move me.

35:13. There the workers of iniquity are fallen, they are cast out, and

could not stand.

Chapter 36

Noli aemulari.

An exhortation to despise this world; and the short prosperity of the

wicked; and to trust in Providence.

36:1. Be not emulous of evildoers; nor envy them that work iniquity.

36:2. For they shall shortly wither away as grass, and as the green

herbs shall quickly fall.

36:3. Trust in the Lord, and do good, and dwell in the land, and thou

shalt be fed with its riches.

36:4. Delight in the Lord, and he will give thee the requests of thy


36:5. Commit thy way to the Lord, and trust in him, and he will do it.

36:6. And he will bring forth thy justice as the light, and thy

judgment as the noonday.

36:7. Be subject to the Lord and pray to him. Envy not the man who

prospereth in his way; the man who doth unjust things.

36:8. Cease from anger, and leave rage; have no emulation to do evil.

36:9. For evildoers shall be cut off: but they that wait upon the Lord,

they shall inherit the land.

36:10. For yet a little while, and the wicked shall not be: and thou

shalt seek his place, and shalt not find it.

36:11. But the meek shall inherit the land, and shall delight in

abundance of peace.

36:12. The sinner shall watch the just man: and shall gnash upon him

with his teeth.

36:13. But the Lord shall laugh at him: for he foreseeth that his day

shall come.

36:14. The wicked have drawn out the sword: they have bent their bow.

To cast down the poor and needy, to kill the upright of heart.

36:15. Let their sword enter into their own hearts, and let their bow

be broken.

36:16. Better is a little to the just, than the great riches of the


36:17. For the arms of the wicked shall be broken in pieces; but the

Lord strengtheneth the just.

36:18. The Lord knoweth the days of the undefiled; and their

inheritance shall be for ever.

36:19. They shall not be confounded in the evil time; and in the days

of famine they shall be filled:

36:20. Because the wicked shall perish. And the enemies of the Lord,

presently after they shall be honoured and exalted, shall come to

nothing and vanish like smoke.

36:21. The sinner shall borrow, and not pay again; but the just sheweth

mercy and shall give.

36:22. For such as bless him shall inherit the land: but such as curse

him shall perish.

36:23. With the Lord shall the steps of a man be directed, and he shall

like well his way.

36:24. When he shall fall he shall not be bruised, for the Lord putteth

his hand under him.

36:25. I have been young and now am old; and I have not seen the just

forsaken, nor his seed seeking bread.

36:26. He sheweth mercy, and lendeth all the day long; and his seed

shall be in blessing.

36:27. Decline from evil and do good, and dwell for ever and ever.

36:28. For the Lord loveth judgment, and will not forsake his saints:

they shall be preserved for ever. The unjust shall be punished, and the

seed of the wicked shall perish.

36:29. But the just shall inherit the land, and shall dwell therein for


36:30. The mouth of the just shall meditate wisdom: and his tongue

shall speak judgment.

36:31. The law of his God is in his heart, and his steps shall not be


36:32. The wicked watcheth the just man, and seeketh to put him to


36:33. But the Lord will not leave him in his hands; nor condemn him

when he shall be judged.

36:34. Expect the Lord and keep his way: and he will exalt thee to

inherit the land: when the sinners shall perish thou shalt see.

36:35. I have seen the wicked highly exalted, and lifted up like the

cedars of Libanus.

36:36. And I passed by, and lo, he was not: and I sought him and his

place was not found.

36:37. Keep innocence, and behold justice: for there are remnants for

the peaceable man.

36:38. But the unjust shall be destroyed together: the remnants of the

wicked shall perish.

36:39. But the salvation of the just is from the Lord, and he is their

protector in the time of trouble.

36:40. And the Lord will help them and deliver them: and he will rescue

them from the wicked, and save them because they have hoped in him.

Chapter 37

Domine, ne in furore.

A prayer of a penitent for the remission of his sins. The third

penitential psalm.

37:1. A psalm for David, for a remembrance of the sabbath.

For a remembrance. . .Viz., of our miseries and sins: and to be sung on

the sabbath day.

37:2. Rebuke me not, O Lord, in thy indignation; nor chastise me in thy


37:3. For thy arrows are fastened in me: and thy hand hath been strong

upon me.

37:4. There is no health in my flesh, because of thy wrath: there is no

peace for my bones, because of my sins.

37:5. For my iniquities are gone over my head: and as a heavy burden

are become heavy upon me.

37:6. My sores are putrified and corrupted, because of my foolishness.

37:7. I am become miserable, and am bowed down even to the end: I

walked sorrowful all the day long.

37:8. For my loins are filled with illusions; and there is no health in

my flesh.

37:9. I am afflicted and humbled exceedingly: I roared with the

groaning of my heart.

37:10. Lord, all my desire is before thee, and my groaning is not

hidden from thee.

37:11. My heart is troubled, my strength hath left me, and the light of

my eyes itself is not with me.

37:12. My friends and my neighbours have drawn near, and stood against

me. And they that were near me stood afar off:

37:13. And they that sought my soul used violence. And they that sought

evils to me spoke vain things, and studied deceits all the day long.

37:14. But I, as a deaf man, heard not: and as a dumb man not opening

his mouth.

37:15. And I became as a man that heareth not: and that hath no

reproofs in his mouth.

37:16. For in thee, O Lord, have I hoped: thou wilt hear me, O Lord my


37:17. For I said: Lest at any time my enemies rejoice over me: and

whilst my feet are moved, they speak great things against me.

37:18. For I am ready for scourges: and my sorrow is continually before


37:19. For I will declare my iniquity: and I will think for my sin.

37:20. But my enemies live, and are stronger than I: and they that hate

me wrongfully are multiplied.

37:21. They that render evil for good, have detracted me, because I

followed goodness.

37:22. For sake me not, O Lord my God: do not thou depart from me.

37:23. Attend unto my help, O Lord, the God of my salvation.

Chapter 38

Dixi custodiam.

A just man's peace and patience in his sufferings; considering the

vanity of the world, and the providence of God.

38:1. Unto the end, for Idithun himself, a canticle of David.

38:2. I said: I will take heed to my ways: that I sin not with my

tongue. I have set a guard to my mouth, when the sinner stood against


38:3. I was dumb, and was humbled, and kept silence from good things:

and my sorrow was renewed.

38:4. My heart grew hot within me: and in my meditation a fire shall

flame out.

38:5. I spoke with my tongue: O Lord, make me know my end. And what is

the number of my days: that I may know what is wanting to me.

38:6. Behold thou hast made my days measurable. and my substance is as

nothing before thee. And indeed all things are vanity: every man


38:7. Surely man passeth as an image: yea, and he is disquieted in

vain. He storeth up: and he knoweth not for whom he shall gather these


38:8. And now what is my hope? is it not the Lord? and my substance is

with thee.

38:9. Deliver thou me from all my iniquities: thou hast made me a

reproach to the fool.

38:10. I was dumb, and I opened not my mouth, because thou hast done


38:11. Remove thy scourges from me. The strength of thy hand hath made

me faint in rebukes:

38:12. Thou hast corrected man for iniquity. And thou hast made his

soul to waste away like a spider: surely in vain is any man disquieted.

38:13. Hear my prayer, O Lord, and my supplication: give ear to my

tears. Be no silent: for I am a stranger with thee, and a sojourner as

all my fathers were.

38:14. O forgive me, that I may be refreshed, before I go hence, and be

no more.

Chapter 39

Expectans expectavi.

Christ's coming, and redeeming mankind.

39:1. Unto the end, a psalm for David himself.

39:2. With expectation I have waited for the Lord, and he was attentive

to me.

39:3. And he heard my prayers, and brought me out of the pit of misery

and the mire of dregs. And he set my feet upon a rock, and directed my


39:4. And he put a new canticle into my mouth, a song to our God. Many

shall see, and shall fear: and they shall hope in the Lord.

39:5. Blessed is the man whose trust is in the name of the Lord; and

who hath not had regard to vanities, and lying follies.

39:6. Thou hast multiplied thy wonderful works, O Lord my God: and in

thy thoughts there is no one like to thee. I have declared and I have

spoken they are multiplied above number.

39:7. Sacrifice and oblation thou didst not desire; but thou hast

pierced ears for me. Burnt offering and sin offering thou didst not


39:8. Then said I, Behold I come. In the head of the book it is written

of me

39:9. That I should do thy will: O my God, I have desired it, and thy

law in the midst of my heart.

39:10. I have declared thy justice in a great church, lo, I will not

restrain my lips: O Lord, thou knowest it.

39:11. I have not hid thy justice within my heart: I have declared thy

truth and thy salvation. I have not concealed thy mercy and thy truth

from a great council.

39:12. Withhold not thou, O Lord, thy tender mercies from me: thy mercy

and thy truth have always upheld me.

39:13. For evils without number have surrounded me; my iniquities have

overtaken me, and I was not able to see. They are multiplied above the

hairs of my head: and my heart hath forsaken me.

My iniquities. . .That is, the sins of all mankind, which I have taken

upon me.

39:14. Be pleased, O Lord, to deliver me. look down, O Lord, to help


39:15. Let them be confounded and ashamed together, that seek after my

soul to take it away. Let them be turned backward and be ashamed that

desire evils to me.

39:16. Let them immediately bear their confusion, that say to me: 'T is

well, t' is well.

'T is well. . .The Hebrew here is an interjection of insult and

derision, like the Vah. Matt. 27.49.

39:17. Let all that seek thee rejoice and be glad in thee: and let such

as love thy salvation say always: The Lord be magnified.

39:18. But I am a beggar and poor: the Lord is careful for me. Thou art

my helper and my protector: O my God, be not slack.

Chapter 40

Beatus qui intelligit.

The happiness of him that shall believe in Christ; notwithstanding the

humility and poverty in which he shall come: the malice of his enemies,

especially of the traitor Judas.

40:1. Unto the end, a psalm for David himself.

40:2. Blessed is he that understandeth concerning the needy and the

poor: the Lord will deliver him in the evil day.

40:3. The Lord preserve him and give him life, and make him blessed

upon the earth: and deliver him not up to the will of his enemies.

40:4. The Lord help him on his bed of sorrow: thou hast turned all his

couch in his sickness.

40:5. I said: O Lord, be thou merciful to me: heal my soul, for I have

sinned against thee.

40:6. My enemies have spoken evils against me: when shall he die and

his name perish?

40:7. And if he came in to see me, he spoke vain things: his heart

gathered together iniquity to itself. He went out and spoke to the same


40:8. All my enemies whispered together against me: they devised evils

to me.

40:9. They determined against me an unjust word: shall he that sleepeth

rise again no more?

40:10. For even the man of my peace, in whom I trusted, who ate my

bread, hath greatly supplanted me.

40:11. But thou, O Lord, have mercy on me, and raise my up again: and I

will requite them.

40:12. By this I know, that thou hast had a good will for me: because

my enemy shall not rejoice over me.

40:13. But thou hast upheld me by reason of my innocence: and hast

established me in thy sight for ever.

40:14. Blessed be the Lord the God of Israel from eternity to eternity.

So be it. So be it.

Chapter 41

Quemadmodum desiderat.

The fervent desire of the just after God: hope in afflictions.

41:1. Unto the end, understanding for the sons of Core.

41:2. As the hart panteth after the fountains of water; so my soul

panteth after thee, O God.

41:3. My soul hath thirsted after the strong living God; when shall I

come and appear before the face of God?

41:4. My tears have been my bread day and night, whilst it is said to

me daily: Where is thy God?

41:5. These things I remembered, and poured out my soul in me: for I

shall go over into the place of the wonderful tabernacle, even to the

house of God: With the voice of joy and praise; the noise of one


41:6. Why art thou sad, O my soul? and why dost thou trouble me? Hope

in God, for I will still give praise to him: the salvation of my


41:7. And my God. My soul is troubled within my self: therefore will I

remember thee from the land of Jordan and Hermoniim, from the little


41:8. Deep calleth on deep, at the noise of thy flood-gates. All thy

heights and thy billows have passed over me.

41:9. In the daytime the Lord hath commanded his mercy; and a canticle

to him in the night. With me is prayer to the God of my life.

41:10. I will say to God: Thou art my support. Why hast thou forgotten

me? and why go I mourning, whilst my enemy afflicteth me?

41:11. Whilst my bones are broken, my enemies who trouble me have

reproached me; Whilst they say to me day by day: Where is thy God?

41:12. Why art thou cast down, O my soul? and why dost thou disquiet

me? Hope thou in God, for I will still give praise to him: the

salvation of my countenance, and my God.

Chapter 42

Judica me, Deus.

The prophet aspireth after the temple and altar of God.

42:1. A psalm for David. Judge me, O God, and distinguish my cause from

the nation that is not holy: deliver me from the unjust and deceitful


42:2. For thou art God my strength: why hast thou cast me off? and why

do I go sorrowful whilst the enemy afflicteth me?

42:3. Sent forth thy light and thy truth: they have conducted me, and

brought me unto thy holy hill, and into thy tabernacles.

42:4. And I will go in to the altar of God: to God who giveth joy to my


42:5. To thee, O God my God, I will give praise upon the harp: why art

thou sad, O my soul? and why dost thou disquiet me?

42:6. Hope in God, for I will still give praise to him: the salvation

of my countenance, and my God.

Chapter 43

Deus auribus nostris.

The church commemorates former favours, and present afflictions; under

which she prays for succour.

43:1. Unto the end, for the sons of Core, to give understanding.

43:2. We have heard, O God, with our ears: our fathers have declared to

us, The work thou hast wrought in their days, and in the days of old.

43:3. Thy hand destroyed the Gentiles, and thou plantedst them: thou

didst afflict the people and cast them out.

43:4. For they got not the possession of the land by their own sword:

neither did their own arm save them. But thy right hand and thy arm,

and the light of thy countenance: because thou wast pleased with them.

43:5. Thou art thyself my king and my God, who commandest the saving of


43:6. Through thee we will push down our enemies with the horn: and

through thy name we will despise them that rise up against us.

43:7. For I will not trust in my bow: neither shall my sword save me.

43:8. But thou hast saved us from them that afflict us: and hast put

them to shame that hate us.

43:9. In God shall we glory all the day long: and in thy name we will

give praise for ever.

43:10. But now thou hast cast us off, and put us to shame: and thou , O

God, wilt not go out with our armies.

43:11. Thou hast made us turn our back to our enemies: and they that

hated us plundered for themselves.

43:12. Thou hast given us up like sheep to be eaten: thou hast

scattered us among the nations.

43:13. Thou hast sold thy people for no price: and there was no

reckoning in the exchange of them.

43:14. Thou hast made us a reproach to our neighbours, a scoff and

derision to them that are round about us.

43:15. Thou hast made us a byword among the Gentiles: a shaking of the

head among the people.

43:16. All the day long my shame is before me: and the confusion of my

face hath covered me,

43:17. At the voice of him that reproacheth and detracteth me: at the

face of the enemy and persecutor.

43:18. All these things have come upon us, yet we have not forgotten

thee: and we have not done wickedly in thy covenant.

43:19. And our heart hath not turned back: neither hast thou turned

aside our steps from thy way.

43:20. For thou hast humbled us in the place of affliction: and the

shadow of death hath covered us.

43:21. If we have forgotten the name of our God, and if we have spread

forth our hands to a strange god:

43:22. Shall not God search out these things: for he knoweth the

secrets of the heart. Because for thy sake we are killed all the day

long: we are counted as sheep for the slaughter.

43:23. Arise, why sleepest thou, O Lord? arise, and cast us not off to

the end.

43:24. Why turnest thou thy face away? and forgettest our want and our


43:25. For our soul is humbled down to the dust: our belly cleaveth to

the earth.

43:26. Arise, O Lord, help us and redeem us for thy name's sake.

Chapter 44

Eructavit cor meum.

The excellence of Christ's kingdom, and the endowments of his church.

44:1. Unto the end, for them that shall be changed, for the sons of

Core, for understanding. A canticle for the Beloved.

For them that shall be changed. . .i.e., for souls happily changed, by

being converted to God.--Ibid. The Beloved. . .Viz., Our Lord Jesus


44:2. My heart hath uttered a good word: I speak my works to the king:

My tongue is the pen of a scrivener that writeth swiftly.

44:3. Thou art beautiful above the sons of men: grace is poured abroad

in thy lips; therefore hath God blessed thee for ever.

44:4. Gird thy sword upon thy thigh, O thou most mighty.

44:5. With thy comeliness and thy beauty set out, proceed prosperously,

and reign. Because of truth and meekness and justice: and thy right

hand shall conduct thee wonderfully.

44:6. Thy arrows are sharp: under thee shall people fall, into the

hearts of the king's enemies.

44:7. Thy throne, O God, is forever and ever: the sceptre of thy

kingdom is a sceptre of uprightness.

44:8. Thou hast loved justice, and hated iniquity: therefore God, thy

God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.

44:9. Myrrh and stacte and cassia perfume thy garments, from the ivory

houses: out of which

44:10. The daughters of kings have delighted thee in thy glory. The

queen stood on thy right hand, in gilded clothing; surrounded with


44:11. Hearken, O daughter, and see, and incline thy ear: and forget

thy people and thy father's house.

44:12. And the king shall greatly desire thy beauty; for he is the Lord

thy God, and him they shall adore.

44:13. And the daughters of Tyre with gifts, yea, all the rich among

the people, shall entreat thy countenance.

44:14. All the glory of the king's daughter is within in golden


44:15. Clothed round about with varieties. After her shall virgins be

brought to the king: her neighbours shall be brought to thee.

44:16. They shall be brought with gladness and rejoicing: they shall be

brought into the temple of the king.

44:17. Instead of thy fathers, sons are born to thee: thou shalt make

them princes over all the earth.

44:18. They shall remember thy name throughout all generations.

Therefore shall people praise thee for ever; yea, for ever and ever.

Chapter 45

Deus noster refugium.

The church in persecution trusteth in the protection of God.

45:1. Unto the end, for the sons of Core, for the hidden.

45:2. Our God is our refuge and strength: a helper in troubles, which

have found us exceedingly.

45:3. Therefore we will not fear, when the earth shall be troubled; and

the mountains shall be removed into the heart of the sea.

45:4. Their waters roared and were troubled: the mountains were

troubled with his strength.

45:5. The stream of the river maketh the city of God joyful: the most

High hath sanctified his own tabernacle.

45:6. God is in the midst thereof, it shall not be moved: God will help

it in the morning early.

45:7. Nations were troubled, and kingdoms were bowed down: he uttered

his voice, the earth trembled.

45:8. The Lord of armies is with us: the God of Jacob is our protector.

45:9. Come and behold ye the works of the Lord: what wonders he hath

done upon earth,

45:10. Making wars to cease even to the end of the earth. He shall

destroy the bow, and break the weapons: and the shield he shall burn in

the fire.

45:11. Be still and see that I am God; I will be exalted among the

nations, and I will be exalted in the earth.

45:12. The Lord of armies is with us: the God of Jacob is our


Chapter 46

Omnes gentes, plaudite.

The Gentiles are invited to praise God for the establishment of the

kingdom of Christ.

46:1. Unto the end, for the sons of Core.

46:2. O clap your hands, all ye nations: shout unto God with the voice

of joy,

46:3. For the Lord is high, terrible: a great king over all the earth.

46:4. He hath subdued the people under us; and the nations under our


46:5. He hath chosen for us his inheritance, the beauty of Jacob which

he hath love.

46:6. God is ascended with jubilee, and the Lord with the sound of


46:7. Sing praises to our God, sing ye: sing praises to our king, sing


46:8. For God is the king of all the earth: sing ye wisely.

46:9. God shall reign over the nations: God sitteth on his holy throne.

46:10. The princes of the people are gathered together, with the God of

Abraham: for the strong gods of the earth are exceedingly exalted.

Chapter 47

Magnus Dominus.

God is greatly to be praised for the establishment of his church.

47:1. A psalm of a canticle, for the sons of Core, on the second day of

the week.

47:2. Great is the Lord, and exceedingly to be praised in the city of

our God, in his holy mountain.

47:3. With the joy of the whole earth is mount Sion founded, on the

sides of the north, the city of the great king.

47:4. In her houses shall God be known, when he shall protect her.

47:5. For behold the kings of the earth assembled themselves: they

gathered together.

47:6. So they saw, and they wondered, they were troubled, they were


47:7. Trembling took hold of them. There were pains as of a woman in


47:8. With a vehement wind thou shalt break in pieces the ships of


47:9. As we have heard, so have we seen, in the city of the Lord of

hosts, in the city of our God: God hath founded it for ever.

47:10. We have received thy mercy, O God, in the midst of thy temple.

47:11. According to thy name, O God, so also is thy praise unto the

ends of the earth: thy right hand is full of justice.

47:12. Let mount Sion rejoice, and the daughters of Juda be glad;

because of thy judgments, O Lord.

47:13. Surround Sion, and encompass her: tell lye in her towers.

47:14. Set your hearts on her strength; and distribute her houses, that

ye may relate it in another generation.

47:15. For this is God, our God unto eternity, and for ever and ever:

he shall rule us for evermore.

Chapter 48

Audite haec, omnes gentes.

The folly of worldlings, who live on in sin, without thinking of death

or hell.

48:1. Unto the end, a psalm for the sons of Core.

48:2. Hear these things, all ye nations: give ear, all ye inhabitants

of the world.

48:3. All you that are earthborn, and you sons of men: both rich and

poor together.

48:4. My mouth shall speak wisdom: and the meditation of my heart


48:5. I will incline my ear to a parable; I will open my proposition on

the psaltery.

48:6. Why shall I fear in the evil day? the iniquity of my heel shall

encompass me.

The iniquity of my heel. . .That is, the iniquity of my steps or ways:

or the iniquity of my pride, with which as with the heel, I have

spurned and kicked at my neighbours: or the iniquity of my heel, that

is, the iniquity in which I shall be found in death. The meaning of

this verse is, Why should I now indulge those passions and sinful

affections, or commit now those sins, which will cause me so much fear

and anguish in the evil day; when the sorrows of death shall compass

me, and the perils of hell shall find me?

48:7. They that trust in their own strength, and glory in the multitude

of their riches,

They that trust, etc. . .As much as to say, let them fear that trust in

their strength or riches: for they have great reason to fear: seeing no

brother or other man, how much a friend soever, can by any price or

labour rescue them from death.

48:8. No brother can redeem, nor shall man redeem: he shall not give to

God his ransom,

48:9. Nor the price of the redemption of his soul: and shall labour for


And shall labour for ever, etc. . .This seems to be a continuation of

the foregoing sentence: as much as to say no man can by any price or

ransom prolong his life, that so he may still continue to labour here,

and live to the end of the world. Others understand it of the eternal

sorrows, and dying life of hell, which is the dreadful consequence of

dying in sin.

48:10. And shall still live unto the end.

48:11. He shall not see destruction, when he shall see the wise dying:

the senseless and the fool shall perish together: And they shall leave

their riches to strangers:

He shall not see destruction, etc. . .Or, shall he not see destruction?

As much as to say, however thoughtless he may be of his death, he must

not expect to escape; when even the wise and the good are not exempt

from dying.

48:12. And their sepulchres shall be their houses for ever. Their

dwelling places to all generations: they have called their lands by

their names.

They have called, etc. . .That is, they have left their names on their

graves, which alone remain of their lands.

48:13. And man when he was in honour did not understand; he is compared

to senseless beasts, and is become like to them.

48:14. This way of theirs is a stumblingblock to them: and afterwards

they shall delight in their mouth.

They shall delight in their mouth. . .Notwithstanding the wretched way

in which they walk, they shall applaud themselves with their mouths,

and glory in their doings.

48:15. They are laid in hell like sheep: death shall feed upon them.

And the just shall have dominion over them in the morning; and their

help shall decay in hell from their glory.

In the morning. . .That is, in the resurrection to a new life; when the

just shall judge and condemn the wicked. Ibid. From their

glory. . .That is, when their short-lived glory in this world shall be

past, and be no more.

48:16. But God will redeem my soul from the hand of hell, when he shall

receive me.

48:17. Be not thou afraid, when a man shall be made rick, and when the

glory of his house shall be increased.

48:18. For when he shall die he shall take nothing away; nor shall his

glory descend with him.

48:19. For in his lifetime his soul will be blessed: and he will praise

thee when thou shalt do well to him.

48:20. He shall go in to the generations of his fathers: and he shall

never see light.

48:21. Man when he was in honour did not understand: he hath been

compared to senseless beasts, and made like to them.

Chapter 49

Deus deorum.

The coming of Christ: who prefers virtue and inward purity before the

blood of victims.

49:1. A psalm for Asaph. The God of gods, the Lord hath spoken: and he

hath called the earth. From the rising of the sun, to the going down


49:2. Out of Sion the loveliness of his beauty.

49:3. God shall come manifestly: our God shall come, and shall not keep

silence. A fire shall burn before him: and a mighty tempest shall be

round about him.

49:4. He shall call heaven from above, and the earth, to judge his


49:5. Gather ye together his saints to him: who set his covenant before


49:6. And the heavens shall declare his justice: for God is judge.

49:7. Hear, O my people, and I will speak: O Israel, and I will testify

to thee: I am God, thy God.

49:8. I will not reprove thee for thy sacrifices: and thy burnt

offerings are always in my sight.

49:9. I will not take calves out of thy house: nor he goats out of thy


49:10. For all the beasts of the woods are mine: the cattle on the

hills, and the oxen.

49:11. I know all the fowls of the air: and with me is the beauty of

the field.

49:12. If I should be hungry, I would not tell thee: for the world is

mine, and the fulness thereof.

49:13. Shall I eat the flesh of bullocks? or shall I drink the blood of


49:14. Offer to God the sacrifice of praise: and pay thy vows to the

most High.

49:15. And call upon me in the day of trouble: I will deliver thee, and

thou shalt glorify me.

49:16. But to the sinner God hath said: Why dost thou declare my

justices, and take my covenant in thy mouth?

49:17. Seeing thou hast hated discipline: and hast cast my words behind


49:18. If thou didst see a thief thou didst run with him: and with

adulterers thou hast been a partaker.

49:19. Thy mouth hath abounded with evil, and thy tongue framed


49:20. Sitting thou didst speak against thy brother, and didst lay a

scandal against thy mother's son:

49:21. These things hast thou done, and I was silent. Thou thoughtest

unjustly that I should be like to thee: but I will reprove thee, and

set before thy face.

49:22. Understand these things, you that forget God; lest he snatch you

away, and there be none to deliver you.

49:23. The sacrifice of praise shall glorify me: and there is the way

by which I will shew him the salvation of God.

Chapter 50


The repentance and confession of David after his sin. The fourth

penitential psalm.

50:1. Unto the end, a psalm of David,

50:2. When Nathan the prophet came to him, after he had sinned with

Bethsabee. [2 Kings 12.]

50:3. Have mercy on me, O God, according to thy great mercy. And

according to the multitude of thy tender mercies blot out my iniquity.

50:4. Wash me yet more from my iniquity, and cleanse me from my sin.

50:5. For I know my iniquity, and my sin is always before me.

50:6. To thee only have I sinned, and have done evil before thee: that

thou mayst be justified in thy words, and mayst overcome when thou art


50:7. For behold I was conceived in iniquities; and in sins did my

mother conceive me.

50:8. For behold thou hast loved truth: the uncertain and hidden things

of thy wisdom thou hast made manifest to me.

50:9. Thou shalt sprinkle me with hyssop, and I shall be cleansed: thou

shalt wash me, and I shall be made whiter than snow.

50:10. To my hearing thou shalt give joy and gladness: and the bones

that have been humbled shall rejoice.

50:11. Turn away thy face from my sins, and blot out all my iniquities.

50:12. Create a clean heart in me, O God: and renew a right spirit

within my bowels.

50:13. Cast me not away from thy face; and take not thy holy spirit

from me.

50:14. Restore unto me the joy of thy salvation, and strengthen me with

a perfect spirit.

50:15. I will teach the unjust thy ways: and the wicked shall be

converted to thee.

50:16. Deliver me from blood, O God, thou God of my salvation: and my

tongue shall extol thy justice.

50:17. O Lord, thou wilt open my lips: and my mouth shall declare thy


50:18. For if thou hadst desired sacrifice, I would indeed have given

it: with burnt offerings thou wilt not be delighted.

50:19. A sacrifice to God is an afflicted spirit: a contrite and

humbled heart, O God, thou wilt not despise.

50:20. Deal favourably, O Lord, in thy good will with Sion; that the

walls of Jerusalem may be built up.

50:21. Then shalt thou accept the sacrifice of justice, oblations and

whole burnt offerings: then shall they lay calves upon thy altar.

Chapter 51

Quid gloriaris.

David condemneth the wickedness of Doeg, and foretelleth his


51:1. Unto the end, understanding for David,

51:2. When Doeg the Edomite came and told Saul: David went to the house

of Achimelech.

51:3. Why dost thou glory in malice, thou that art mighty in iniquity?

51:4. All the day long thy tongue hath devised injustice: as a sharp

razor, thou hast wrought deceit.

51:5. Thou hast loved malice more than goodness: and iniquity rather

than to speak righteousness.

51:6. Thou hast loved all the words of ruin, O deceitful tongue.

51:7. Therefore will God destroy thee for ever: he will pluck thee out,

and remove thee from thy dwelling place: and thy root out of the land

of the living.

51:8. The just shall see and fear, and shall laugh at him, and say:

51:9. Behold the man that made not God his helper: But trusted in the

abundance of his riches: and prevailed in his vanity.

51:10. But I, as a fruitful olive tree in the house of God, have hoped

in the mercy of God for ever, yea for ever and ever.

51:11. I will praise thee for ever, because thou hast done it: and I

will wait on thy name, for it is good in the sight of thy saints.

Chapter 52

Dixit insipiens.

The general corruption of man before the coming of Christ.

52:1. Unto the end, for Maeleth, understandings to David. The fool said

in his heart: There is no God.

Maeleth. . .Or Machalath. A musical instrument, or a chorus of

musicians, for St. Jerome renders it, per chorum.

52:2. They are corrupted, and become abominable in iniquities: there is

none that doth good.

52:3. God looked down from heaven on the children of men: to see if

there were any that did understand, or did seek God.

52:4. All have gone aside, they are become unprofitable together, there

is none that doth good, no not one.

52:5. Shall not all the workers of iniquity know, who eat up my people

as they eat bread?

52:6. They have not called upon God: there have they trembled for fear,

where there was no fear. For God hath scattered the bones of them that

please men: they have been confounded, because God hath despised them.

God hath scattered the bones, etc. . .That is, God has brought to

nothing the strength of all those that seek to please men, to the

prejudice of their duty to their Maker.

52:7. Who will give out of Sion the salvation of Israel? when God shall

bring back the captivity of his people, Jacob shall rejoice, and Israel

shall be glad.

Chapter 53

Deus, in nomine tuo.

A prayer for help in distress.

53:1. Unto the end, in verses, understanding for David.

53:2. When the en of Ziph had come and said to Saul: Is not David

hidden with us? [1 Kings 23.19]

53:3. Save me, O God, by thy name, and judge me in thy strength.

53:4. O God, hear my prayer: give ear to the words of my mouth.

53:5. For strangers have risen up against me; and the mighty have

sought after my soul: and they have not set God before their eyes.

53:6. For behold God is my helper: and the Lord is the protector of my


53:7. Turn back the evils upon my enemies; and cut them off in thy


53:8. I will freely sacrifice to thee, and will give praise, O God, to

thy name: because it is good:

53:9. For thou hast delivered me out of all trouble: and my eye hath

looked down upon my enemies.

Chapter 54

Exaudi, Deus.

A prayer of a just man under persecution from the wicked. It agrees to

Christ persecuted by the Jews, and betrayed by Judas.

54:1. Unto the end, in verses, understanding for David.

54:2. Hear, O God, my prayer, and despise not my supplication:

54:3. Be attentive to me and hear me. I am grieved in my exercise; and

am troubled,

54:4. At the voice of the enemy, and at the tribulation of the sinner.

For they have cast iniquities upon me: and in wrath they were

troublesome to me.

54:5. My heart is troubled within me: and the fear of death is fallen

upon me.

54:6. Fear and trembling are come upon me: and darkness hath covered


54:7. And I said: Who will give me wings like a dove, and I will fly

and be at rest?

54:8. Lo, I have gone far off flying away; and I abode in the


54:9. I waited for him that hath saved me from pusillanimity of spirit,

and a storm.

54:10. Cast down, O Lord, and divide their tongues; for I have seen

iniquity and contradiction in the city.

54:11. Day and night shall iniquity surround it upon its walls: and in

the midst thereof are labour,

54:12. And injustice. And usury and deceit have not departed from its


54:13. For if my enemy had reviled me, I would verily have borne with

it. And if he that hated me had spoken great things against me, I would

perhaps have hidden my self from him.

54:14. But thou a man of one mind, my guide, and my familiar,

54:15. Who didst take sweetmeats together with me: in the house of God

we walked with consent.

54:16. Let death come upon them, and let them go down alive into hell.

For there is wickedness in their dwellings: in the midst of them.

Let death, etc. . .This, and such like imprecations which occur in the

psalms, are delivered prophetically; that is, by way of foretelling the

punishments which shall fall upon the wicked from divine justice, and

approving the righteous ways of God: but not by way of ill will, or

uncharitable curses, which the law of God disallows.

54:17. But I have cried to God: and the Lord will save me.

54:18. Evening and morning, and at noon I will speak and declare: and

he shall hear my voice.

54:19. He shall redeem my soul in peace from them that draw near to me:

for among many they were with me.

Among many, etc. . .That is, they that drew near to attack me were many

in company all combined to fight against me.

54:20. God shall hear, and the Eternal shall humble them. For there is

no change with them, and they have not feared God:

54:21. He hath stretched forth his hand to repay. They have defiled his


54:22. They are divided by the wrath of his countenance, and his heart

hath drawn near. His words are smoother than oil, and the same are


They are divided, etc. . .Dispersed, scattered, and brought to nothing,

by the wrath of God; who looks with indignation on their wicked and

deceitful ways.

54:23. Cast thy care upon the Lord, and he shall sustain thee: he shall

not suffer the just to waver for ever.

54:24. But thou, O God, shalt bring them down into the pit of

destruction. Bloody and deceitful men shall not live out half their

days; but I will trust in thee, O Lord.

Chapter 55

Miserere mei, Deus.

A prayer of David in danger and distress.

55:1. Unto the end, for a people that is removed at a distance form the

sanctuary: for David, for an inscription of a title (or pillar) when

the Philistines held him in Geth.

55:2. Have mercy on me, O God, for man hath trodden me under foot; all

the day long he hath afflicted me fighting against me.

55:3. My enemies have trodden on me all the day long; for they are many

that make war against me.

55:4. From the height of the day I shall fear: but I will trust in


The height of the day. . .That is, even at noonday, when the sun is the

highest, I am still in danger.

55:5. In God I will praise my words, in God I have put my trust: I will

not fear what flesh can do against me.

My words. . .The words or promises God has made in my favour.

55:6. All the day long they detested my words: all their thoughts were

against me unto evil.

55:7. They will dwell and hide themselves: they will watch my heel. As

they have waited for my soul,

55:8. For nothing shalt thou save them: in thy anger thou shalt break

the people in pieces. O God,

For nothing shalt thou save them. . .That is, since they lie in wait to

ruin my soul, thou shalt for no consideration favour or assist them,

but execute thy justice upon them.

55:9. I have declared to thee my life: thou hast set me tears in thy

sight, As also in thy promise.

55:10. Then shall my enemies be turned back. In what day soever I shall

call upon thee, behold I know thou art my God.

55:11. In God will I praise the word, in the Lord will I praise his

speech. In God have I hoped, I will not fear what man can do to me.

55:12. In me, O God, are vows to thee, which I will pay, praises to


55:13. Because thou hast delivered my soul from death, my feet from

falling: that I may please in the sight of God, in the light of the


Chapter 56

Miserere mei, Deus. The prophet prays in his affliction, and praises

God for his delivery.

56:1. Unto the end, destroy not, for David, for an inscription of a

title, when he fled from Saul into the cave. [1 Kings 24.]

Destroy not. . .Suffer me not to be destroyed.

56:2. Have mercy on me, O God, have mercy on me: for my soul trusteth

in thee. And in the shadow of thy wings will I hope, until iniquity

pass away.

56:3. I will cry to God the most high; to God who hath done good to me.

56:4. He hath sent from heaven and delivered me: he hath made them a

reproach that trod upon me. God hath sent his mercy and his truth,

56:5. And he hath delivered my soul from the midst of the young lions.

I slept troubled. The sons of men, whose teeth are weapons and arrows,

and their tongue a sharp sword.

56:6. Be thou exalted, O God, above the heavens, and thy glory above

all the earth.

56:7. They prepared a snare for my feet; and they bowed down my soul.

They dug a pit before my face, and they are fallen into it.

56:8. My heart is ready, O God, my heart is ready: I will sing, and

rehearse a psalm.

56:9. Arise, O my glory, arise psaltery and harp: I will arise early.

56:10. I will give praise to thee, O Lord, among the people: I will

sing a psalm to thee among the nations.

56:11. For thy mercy is magnified even to the heavens: and thy truth

unto the clouds.

56:12. Be thou exalted, O God, above the heavens: and thy glory above

all the earth.

Chapter 57

Si vere utique.

David reproveth the wicked, and foretelleth their punishment.

57:1. Unto the end, destroy not, for David, for an inscription of a


57:2. If in very deed ye speak justice: judge right things, ye sons of


57:3. For in your heart you work iniquity: your hands forge injustice

in the earth.

57:4. The wicked are alienated from the womb; they have gone astray

from the womb: they have spoken false things.

57:5. Their madness is according to the likeness of a serpent: like the

deaf asp that stoppeth her ears:

57:6. Which will not hear the voice of the charmers; nor of the wizard

that charmeth wisely.

57:7. God shall break in pieces their teeth in their mouth: the Lord

shall break the grinders of the lions.

57:8. They shall come to nothing, like water running down; he hath bent

his bow till they be weakened.

57:9. Like wax that melteth they shall be taken away: fire hath fallen

on them, and they shall not see the sun.

57:10. Before your thorns could know the brier; he swalloweth them up,

as alive, in his wrath.

Before your thorns, etc. . .That is, before your thorns grow up, so as

to become strong briers, they shall be overtaken and consumed by divine

justice, swallowing them up, as it were, alive in his wrath.

57:11. The just shall rejoice when he shall see the revenge: he shall

wash his hands in the blood of the sinner.

Shall wash his hands, etc. . .Shall applaud the justice of God, and take

occasion from the consideration of the punishment of the wicked to wash

and cleanse his hands from sin.

57:12. And man shall say: If indeed there be fruit to the just: there

is indeed a God that judgeth them on the earth.

Chapter 58

Eripe me.

A prayer to be delivered from the wicked, with confidence in God's help

and protection. It agrees to Christ and his enemies the Jews.

58:1. Unto the end, destroy not, for David for an inscription of a

title, when Saul sent and watched his house to kill him. [1 Kings 19.]

58:2. Deliver me from my enemies, O my God; and defend me from them

that rise up against me.

58:3. Deliver me from them that work iniquity, and save me from bloody


58:4. For behold they have caught my soul: the mighty have rushed in

upon me:

58:5. Neither is it my iniquity, nor my sin, O Lord: without iniquity

have I run, and directed my steps.

58:6. Rise up thou to meet me, and behold: even thou, O Lord, the God

of hosts, the God of Israel. Attend to visit all the nations: have no

mercy on all them that work iniquity.

58:7. They shall return at evening, and shall suffer hunger like dogs:

and shall go round about the city.

58:8. Behold they shall speak with their mouth, and a sword is in their

lips: for who, say they, hath heard us?

58:9. But thou, O Lord, shalt laugh at them: thou shalt bring all the

nations to nothing.

58:10. I will keep my strength to thee: for thou art my protector:

58:11. My God, his mercy shall prevent me.

58:12. God shall let me see over my enemies: slay them not, lest at any

time my people forget. Scatter them by thy power; and bring them down,

O Lord, my protector:

58:13. For the sin of their mouth, and the word of their lips: and let

them be taken in their pride. And for their cursing and lying they

shall be talked of,

58:14. When they are consumed: when they are consumed by thy wrath, and

they shall be no more. And they shall know that God will rule Jacob,

and all the ends of the earth.

58:15. They shall return at evening and shall suffer hunger like dogs:

and shall go round about the city.

58:16. They shall be scattered abroad to eat, and shall murmur if they

be not filled.

58:17. But I will sing thy strength: and will extol thy mercy in the

morning. For thou art become my support, and my refuge, in the day of

my trouble.

58:18. Unto thee, O my helper, will I sing, for thou art God my

defence: my God my mercy.

Chapter 59

Deus, repulisti nos.

After many afflictions, the church of Christ shall prevail.

59:1. Unto the end, for them that shall be changed, for the inscription

of a title, to David himself, for doctrine,

59:2. When he set fire to Mesopotamia of Syria and Sobal: and Joab

returned and slew of Edom, in the vale of the saltpits, twelve thousand


59:3. O God, thou hast cast us off, and hast destroyed us; thou hast

been angry, and hast had mercy on us.

59:4. Thou hast moved the earth, and hast troubled it: heal thou the

breaches thereof, for it has been moved.

59:5. Thou hast shewn thy people hard things; thou hast made us drink

the wine of sorrow.

59:6. Thou hast given a warning to them that fear thee: that they may

flee from before the bow: That thy beloved may be delivered.

59:7. Save me with thy right hand, and hear me.

59:8. God hath spoken in his holy place: I will rejoice, and I will

divide Sichem; and will mete out the vale of tabernacles.

59:9. Galaad is mine, and Manasses is mine: and Ephraim is the strength

of my head. Juda is my king:

59:10. Moab is the pot of my hope. Into Edom will I stretch out my

shoe: to me the foreigners are made subject.

The pot of my hope. . .Or my watering pot. That is, a vessel for meaner

uses, by being reduced to serve me, even in the meanest

employments.--Ibid. Foreigners. . .So the Philistines are called, who

had no kindred with the Israelites; whereas the Edomites, Moabites, etc.,

were originally of the same family.

59:11. Who will bring me into the strong city? who will lead me into


59:12. Wilt not thou, O God, who hast cast us off? and wilt not thou, O

God, go out with our armies?

59:13. Give us help from trouble: for vain is the salvation of man.

59:14. Through God we shall do mightily: and he shall bring to nothing

them that afflict us.

Chapter 60

Exaudi, Deus.

A prayer for the coming of the kingdom of Christ, which shall have no


60:1. Unto the end, in hymns, for David.

60:2. Hear, O God, my supplication: be attentive to my prayer.

60:3. To thee have I cried from the ends of the earth: when my heart

was in anguish, thou hast exalted me on a rock. Thou hast conducted me;

60:4. For thou hast been my hope; a tower of strength against the face

of the enemy.

60:5. In thy tabernacle I shall dwell for ever: I shall be protected

under the covert of thy wings.

60:6. For thou, my God, hast heard my prayer: thou hast given an

inheritance to them that fear thy name.

60:7. Thou wilt add days to the days of the king: his years even to

generation and generation.

60:8. He abideth for ever in the sight of God: his mercy and truth who

shall search?

60:9. So will I sing a psalm to thy name for ever and ever: that I may

pay my vows from day to day.

Chapter 61

Nonne Deo.

The prophet encourageth himself and all others to trust in God, and

serve him.

61:1. Unto the end, for Idithun, a psalm of David.

61:2. Shall not my soul be subject to God? for from him is my


61:3. For he is my God and my saviour: he is my protector, I shall be

moved no more.

61:4. How long do you rush in upon a man? you all kill, as if you were

thrusting down a leaning wall, and a tottering fence.

61:5. But they have thought to cast away my price; I ran in thirst:

they blessed with their mouth, but cursed with their heart.

61:6. But be thou, O my soul, subject to God: for from him is my


61:7. For he is my God and my saviour: he is my helper, I shall not be


61:8. In God is my salvation and my glory: he is the God of my help,

and my hope is in God.

61:9. Trust in him, all ye congregation of people: pour out your hearts

before him. God is our helper for ever.

61:10. But vain are the sons of men, the sons of men are liars in the

balances: that by vanity they may together deceive.

Are liars in the balances, etc. . .They are so vain and light, that if

they are put into the scales, they will be found to be of no weight;

and to be mere lies, deceit, and vanity. Or, They are liars in their

balances, by weighing things by false weights, and preferring the

temporal before the eternal.

61:11. Trust not in iniquity, and cover not robberies: if riches

abound, set not your heart upon them.

61:12. God hath spoken once, these two things have I heard, that power

belongeth to God,

61:13. And mercy to thee, O Lord; for thou wilt render to every man

according to his works.

Chapter 62

Deus Deus meus, ad te.

The prophet aspireth after God.

62:1. A psalm of David while he was in the desert of Edom.

62:2. O God, my God, to thee do I watch at break of day. For thee my

soul hath thirsted; for thee my flesh, O how many ways!

62:3. In a desert land, and where there is no way, and no water: so in

the sanctuary have I come before thee, to see thy power and thy glory.

62:4. For thy mercy is better than lives: thee my lips will praise.

62:5. Thus will I bless thee all my life long: and in thy name I will

lift up my hands.

62:6. Let my soul be filled as with marrow and fatness: and my mouth

shall praise thee with joyful lips.

62:7. If I have remembered thee upon my bed, I will meditate on thee in

the morning:

62:8. Because thou hast been my helper. And I will rejoice under the

covert of thy wings:

62:9. My soul hath stuck close to thee: thy right hand hath received


62:10. But they have fought my soul in vain, they shall go into the

lower parts of the earth:

62:11. They shall be delivered into the hands of the sword, they shall

be the portions of foxes.

62:12. But the king shall rejoice in God, all they shall be praised

that swear by him: because the mouth is stopped of them that speak

wicked things.

Chapter 63

Exaudi Deus orationem.

A prayer in affliction, with confidence in God that he will bring to

nought the machinations of persecutors.

63:1. Unto the end, a psalm for David.

63:2. Hear O God, my prayer, when I make supplication to thee: deliver

my soul from the fear of the enemy.

63:3. Thou hast protected me from the assembly of the malignant; from

the multitude of the workers of iniquity.

63:4. For they have whetted their tongues like a sword; they have bent

their bow a bitter thing,

63:5. To shoot in secret the undefiled.

63:6. They will shoot at him on a sudden, and will not fear: they are

resolute in wickedness. They have talked of hiding snares; they have

said: Who shall see them?

63:7. They have searched after iniquities: they have failed in their

search. Man shall come to a deep heart:

A deep heart. . .That is, crafty, subtle, deep projects and designs;

which nevertheless shall not succeed; for God shall be exalted in

bringing them to nought by his wisdom and power.

63:8. And God shall be exalted. The arrows of children are their


The arrows of children are their wounds. . .That is, the wounds,

stripes, or blows, they seek to inflict upon the just, are but like the

weak efforts of children's arrows, which can do no execution: and their

tongues, that is, their speeches against them come to nothing.

63:9. And their tongues against them are made weak. All that saw them

were troubled;

63:10. And every man was afraid. And they declared the works of God,

and understood his doings.

63:11. The just shall rejoice in the Lord, and shall hope in him: and

all the upright in heart shall be praised.

Chapter 64

Te decet.

God is to be praised in his church, to which all nations shall be


64:1. To the end, a psalm of David. The canticle of Jeremias and

Ezechiel to the people of the captivity, when they began to go out.

Of the captivity. . .That is, the people of the captivity of Babylon.

This is not in the Hebrew, but is found in the ancient translation of

the Septuagint.

64:2. A hymn, O God, becometh thee in Sion: and a vow shall be paid to

thee in Jerusalem.

64:3. O hear my prayer: all flesh shall come to thee.

64:4. The words of the wicked have prevailed over us: and thou wilt

pardon our transgressions.

64:5. Blessed is he whom thou hast chosen and taken to thee: he shall

dwell in thy courts. We shall be filled with the good things of thy

house; holy is thy temple,

64:6. Wonderful in justice. Hear us, O God our saviour, who art the

hope of all the ends of the earth, and in the sea afar off.

64:7. Thou who preparest the mountains by thy strength, being girded

with power:

64:8. Who troublest the depth of the sea, the noise of its waves. The

Gentiles shall be troubled,

64:9. And they that dwell in the uttermost borders shall be afraid at

thy signs: thou shalt make the outgoings of the morning and of the

evening to be joyful.

64:10. Thou hast visited the earth, and hast plentifully watered it;

thou hast many ways enriched it. The river of God is filled with water,

thou hast prepared their food: for so is its preparation.

64:11. Fill up plentifully the streams thereof, multiply its fruits; it

shall spring up and rejoice in its showers.

64:12. Thou shalt bless the crown of the year of thy goodness: and thy

fields shall be filled with plenty.

64:13. The beautiful places of the wilderness shall grow fat: and the

hills shall be girded about with joy,

64:14. The rams of the flock are clothed, and the vales shall abound

with corn: they shall shout, yea they shall sing a hymn.

Chapter 65

Jubilate Deo.

An invitation to praise God.

65:1. Unto the end, a canticle of a psalm of the resurrection. Shout

with joy to God, all the earth,

65:2. Sing ye a psalm to his name; give glory to his praise.

65:3. Say unto God, How terrible are thy works, O Lord! in the

multitude of thy strength thy enemies shall lie to thee.

65:4. Let all the earth adore thee, and sing to thee: let it sing a

psalm to thy name.

65:5. Come and see the works of God; who is terrible in his counsels

over the sons of men.

65:6. Who turneth the sea into dry land, in the river they shall pass

on foot: there shall we rejoice in him.

65:7. Who by his power ruleth for ever: his eyes behold the nations;

let not them that provoke him be exalted in themselves.

65:8. O bless our God, ye Gentiles: and make the voice of his praise to

be heard.

65:9. Who hath set my soul to live: and hath not suffered my feet to be


65:10. For thou, O God, hast proved us: thou hast tried us by fire, as

silver is tried.

65:11. Thou hast brought us into a net, thou hast laid afflictions on

our back:

65:12. Thou hast set men over our heads. We have passed through fire

and water, and thou hast brought us out into a refreshment.

65:13. I will go into thy house with burnt offerings: I will pay thee

my vows,

65:14. Which my lips have uttered, And my mouth hath spoken, when I was

in trouble.

65:15. I will offer up to thee holocausts full of marrow, with burnt

offerings of rams: I will offer to thee bullocks with goats.

65:16. Come and hear, all ye that fear God, and I will tell you what

great things he hath done for my soul.

65:17. I cried to him with my mouth: and I extolled him with my tongue.

65:18. If I have looked at iniquity in my heart, the Lord will not hear


65:19. Therefore hath God heard me, and hath attended to the voice of

my supplication.

65:20. Blessed be God, who hath not turned away my prayer, nor his

mercy from me.

Chapter 66

Deus misereatur.

A prayer for the propagation of the church.

66:1. Unto the end, in hymns, a psalm of a canticle for David.

66:2. May God have mercy on us, and bless us: may he cause the light of

his countenance to shine upon us, and may he have mercy on us.

66:3. That we may know thy way upon earth: thy salvation in all


66:4. Let people confess to thee, O God: let all people give praise to


66:5. Let the nations be glad and rejoice: for thou judgest the people

with justice, and directest the nations upon earth.

66:6. Let the people, O God, confess to thee: let all the people give

praise to thee:

66:7. The earth hath yielded her fruit. May God, our God bless us,

66:8. May God bless us: and all the ends of the earth fear him.

Chapter 67

Exurgat Deus.

The glorious establishment of the church of the New Testament,

prefigured by the benefits bestowed on the people of Israel.

67:1. Unto the end, a psalm of a canticle for David himself.

67:2. Let God arise, and let his enemies be scattered: and let them

that hate him flee from before his face.

67:3. As smoke vanisheth, so let them vanish away: as wax melteth

before the fire, so let the wicked perish at the presence of God.

67:4. And let the just feast, and rejoice before God: and be delighted

with gladness.

67:5. Sing ye to God, sing a psalm to his name, make a way for him who

ascendeth upon the west: the Lord is his name. Rejoice ye before him:

but the wicked shall be troubled at his presence,

Who ascendeth upon the west. . .Super occasum. St. Gregory understands

it of Christ, who after his going down, like the sun, in the west, by

his passion and death, ascended more glorious, and carried all before

him. St. Jerome renders it, who ascendeth, or cometh up, through the


67:6. Who is the father of orphans, and the judge of widows. God in his

holy place:

67:7. God who maketh men of one manner to dwell in a house: Who

bringeth out them that were bound in strength; in like manner them that

provoke, that dwell in sepulchres.

Of one manner. . .That is, agreeing in faith, unanimous in love, and

following the same manner of discipline. It is verified in the servants

of God, living together in his house, which is the church. 1 Tim.

3.15.--Ibid. Them that were bound, etc. . .The power and mercy of God

appears in his bringing out of their captivity those that were strongly

bound in their sins: and in restoring to his grace those whose

behaviour had been most provoking; and who by their evil habits were

not only dead, but buried in their sepulchres.

67:8. O God, when thou didst go forth in the sight of thy people, when

thou didst pass through the desert:

67:9. The earth was moved, and the heavens dropped at the presence of

the God of Sina, at the presence of the God of Israel.

67:10. Thou shalt set aside for thy inheritance a free rain, O God: and

it was weakened, but thou hast made it perfect.

A free rain. . .the manna, which rained plentifully from heaven, in

favour of God's inheritance, that is, of his people Israel: which was

weakened indeed under a variety of afflictions, but was made perfect by

God; that is, was still supported by divine providence, and brought on

to the promised land. It agrees particularly to the church of Christ

his true inheritance, which is plentifully watered with the free rain

of heavenly grace; and through many infirmities, that is, crosses and

tribulations, is made perfect, and fitted for eternal glory.

67:11. In it shall thy animals dwell; in thy sweetness, O God, thou

hast provided for the poor.

In it, etc. . .That is, in this church, which is thy fold and thy

inheritance, shall thy animals, thy sheep, dwell: where thou hast

plentifully provided for them.

67:12. The Lord shall give the word to them that preach good tidings

with great power.

To them that preach good tidings. . .Evangelizantibus. That is, to the

preachers of the gospel; who receiving the word from the Lord, shall

with great power and efficacy preach throughout the world the glad

tidings of a Saviour, and of eternal salvation through him.

67:13. The king of powers is of the beloved, of the beloved; and the

beauty of the house shall divide spoils.

The king of powers. . .That is, the mighty King, the Lord of hosts, is

of the beloved, of the beloved; that is, is on the side of Christ, his

most beloved son: and his beautiful house, viz., the church, in which

God dwells forever, shall by her spiritual conquests divide the spoils

of many nations. The Hebrew (as it now stands pointed) is thus

rendered, The kings of armies have fled, they have fled, and she that

dwells at home (or the beauty of the house) shall divide the spoils.

67:14. If you sleep among the midst of lots, you shall be as the wings

of a dove covered with silver, and the hinder parts of her back with

the paleness of gold.

If you sleep among the midst of lots (intermedios cleros, etc.). . .Viz.,

in such dangers and persecutions, as if your enemies were casting

lots for your goods and persons: or in the midst of the lots,

(intermedios terminos, as St. Jerome renders it,) that is, upon the

very bounds or borders of the dominions of your enemies: you shall be

secure nevertheless under the divine protection; and shall be enabled

to fly away, like a dove, with glittering wings and feathers shining

like the palest and most precious gold; that is, with great increase of

virtue, and glowing with the fervour of charity.

67:15. When he that is in heaven appointeth kings over her, they shall

be whited with snow in Selmon.

Kings over her. . .That is, pastors and rulers over his church, viz.,

the apostles and their successors. Then by their ministry shall men be

made whiter than the snow which lies on the top of the high mountain


67:16. The mountain of God is a fat mountain. A curdled mountain, a fat


The mountain of God. . .The church, which, Isa. 2.2, is called The

mountain of the house of the Lord upon the top of mountains. It is here

called a fat and a curdled mountain; that is to say, most fruitful, and

enriched by the spiritual gifts and graces of the Holy Ghost.

67:17. Why suspect, ye curdled mountains? A mountain in which God is

well pleased to dwell: for there the Lord shall dwell unto the end.

Why suspect, ye curdled mountains?. . .Why do you suppose or imagine

there may be any other such curdled mountains? You are mistaken: the

mountain thus favoured by God is but one; and this same he has chosen

for his dwelling for ever.

67:18. The chariot of God is attended by ten thousands; thousands of

them that rejoice: the Lord is among them in Sina, in the holy place.

The chariot of God. . .Descending to give his law on mount Sina: as also

of Jesus Christ his Son, ascending into heaven, to send from thence the

Holy Ghost, to publish his new law, is attended with ten thousands,

that is, with an innumerable multitude of joyful angels.

67:19. Thou hast ascended on high, thou hast led captivity captive;

thou hast received gifts in men. Yea for those also that do not

believe, the dwelling of the Lord God.

Led captivity captive. . .Carrying away with thee to heaven those who

before had been the captives of Satan; and receiving from God the

Father gifts to be distributed to men; even to those who were before


67:20. Blessed be the Lord day by day: the God of our salvation will

make our journey prosperous to us.

67:21. Our God is the God of salvation: and of the Lord, of the Lord

are the issues from death.

The issues from death. . .The Lord alone is master of the issues, by

which we may escape from death.

67:22. But God shall break the heads of his enemies: the hairy crown of

them that walk on in their sins.

67:23. The Lord said: I will turn them from Basan, I will turn them

into the depth of the sea:

I will turn them from Basan, etc. . .I will cast out my enemies from

their rich possessions, signified by Basan, a fruitful country; and I

will drive them into the depth of the sea: and make such a slaughter of

them, that the feet of my servants may be dyed in their blood, etc.

67:24. That thy foot may be dipped in the blood of thy enemies; the

tongue of thy dogs be red with the same.

67:25. They have seen thy goings, O God, the goings of my God: of my

king who is in his sanctuary.

Thy goings. . .Thy ways, thy proceedings, by which thou didst formerly

take possession of the promised land in favour of thy people; and shalt

afterwards of the whole world, which thou shalt subdue to thy Son.

67:26. Princes went before joined with singers, in the midst of young

damsels playing on timbrels.

Princes. . .The apostles, the first converters of nations; attended by

numbers of perfect souls, singing the divine praises, and virgins

consecrated to God.

67:27. In the churches bless ye God the Lord, from the fountains of


From the fountains of Israel. . .From whom both Christ and his apostles

sprung. By Benjamin, the holy fathers on this place understand St.

Paul, who was of that tribe, named here a youth, because he was the

last called to the apostleship. By the princes of Juda, Zabulon, and

Nephthali, we may understand the other apostles, who were of the tribe

of Juda; or of the tribes of Zabulon, and Nephthali, where our Lord

began to preach, Matt. 4.13, etc.

67:28. There is Benjamin a youth, in ecstasy of mind. The princes of

Juda are their leaders: the princes of Zabulon, the princes of


67:29. Command thy strength, O God confirm, O God, what thou hast

wrought in us.

Command thy strength. . .Give orders that thy strength may be always with


67:30. From thy temple in Jerusalem, kings shall offer presents to


67:31. Rebuke the wild beasts of the reeds, the congregation of bulls

with the kine of the people; who seek to exclude them who are tried

with silver. Scatter thou the nations that delight in wars:

Rebuke the wild beasts of the reeds. . .or the wild beasts, which lie

hid in the reeds. That is, the devils, who hide themselves in order to

surprise their prey. Or by wild beasts, are here understood

persecutors, who, for all their attempts against the Church, are but as

weak reeds, which cannot prevail against them who are supported by the

strength of the Almighty. The same are also called the congregation of

bulls (from their rage against the Church) who assemble together all

their kine, that is, the people their subjects, to exclude if they can,

from Christ and his inheritance, his constant confessors, who are like

silver tried by fire.

67:32. Ambassadors shall come out of Egypt: Ethiopia shall soon stretch

out her hands to God.

Ambassadors shall come, etc. . .It is a prophecy of the conversion of

the Gentiles, and by name of the Egyptians and Ethiopians.

67:33. Sing to God, ye kingdoms of the earth: sing ye to the Lord: Sing

ye to God,

67:34. Who mounteth above the heaven of heavens, to the east. Behold he

will give to his voice the voice of power:

To the east. . .From mount Olivet, which is on the east side of

Jerusalem.--Ibid. The voice of power. . .That is, he will make his voice

to be a powerful voice: by calling from death to life, such as were

dead in mortal sin: as at the last day he will by the power of his

voice call all the dead from their graves.

67:35. Give ye glory to God for Israel, his magnificence, and his power

is in the clouds.

67:36. God is wonderful in his saints: the God of Israel is he who will

give power and strength to his people. Blessed be God.

Chapter 68

Salvum me fac, Deus.

Christ in his passion declareth the greatness of his sufferings, and

the malice of his persecutors the Jews; and foretelleth their


68:1. Unto the end, for them that shall be changed; for David.

For them that shall be changed. . .A psalm for Christian converts, to

remember the passion of Christ.

68:2. Save me, O God: for the waters are come in even unto my soul.

The waters. . .Of afflictions and sorrows. My soul is sorrowful even

unto death. Matt. 26.38.

68:3. I stick fast in the mire of the deep and there is no sure

standing. I am come into the depth of the sea, and a tempest hath

overwhelmed me.

68:4. I have laboured with crying; my jaws are become hoarse, my eyes

have failed, whilst I hope in my God.

68:5. They are multiplied above the hairs of my head, who hate me

without cause. My enemies are grown strong who have wrongfully

persecuted me: then did I pay that which I took not away.

I pay that which I took not away. . .Christ in his passion made

restitution of what he had not taken away, by suffering the punishment

due to our sins, and so repairing the injury we had done to God.

68:6. O God, thou knowest my foolishness; and my offences are not

hidden from thee:

My foolishness and my offences. . .which my enemies impute to me: or the

follies and sins of men, which I have taken upon myself.

68:7. Let not them be ashamed for me, who look for thee, O Lord, the

Lord of hosts. Let them not be confounded on my account, who seek thee,

O God of Israel.

68:8. Because for thy sake I have borne reproach; shame hath covered my


68:9. I am become a stranger to my brethren, and an alien to the sons

of my mother.

68:10. For the zeal of thy house hath eaten me up: and the reproaches

of them that reproached thee are fallen upon me.

68:11. And I covered my soul in fasting: and it was made a reproach to


68:12. And I made haircloth my garment: and I became a byword to them.

68:13. They that sat in the gate spoke against me: and they that drank

wine made me their song.

68:14. But as for me, my prayer is to thee, O Lord; for the time of thy

good pleasure, O God. In the multitude of thy mercy hear me, in the

truth of thy salvation.

68:15. Draw me out of the mire, that I may not stick fast: deliver me

from them that hate me, and out of the deep waters.

68:16. Let not the tempest of water drown me, nor the deep water

swallow me up: and let not the pit shut her mouth upon me.

68:17. Hear me, O Lord, for thy mercy is kind; look upon me according

to the multitude of thy tender mercies.

68:18. And turn not away thy face from thy servant: for I am in

trouble, hear me speedily.

68:19. Attend to my soul, and deliver it: save me because of my


68:20. Thou knowest my reproach, and my confusion, and my shame.

68:21. In thy sight are all they that afflict me; my heart hath

expected reproach and misery. And I looked for one that would grieve

together with me, but there was none: and for one that would comfort

me, and I found none.

68:22. And they gave me gall for my food, and in my thirst they gave me

vinegar to drink.

68:23. Let their table become as a snare before them, and a recompense,

and a stumblingblock.

Let their table, etc. . .What here follows in the style of an

imprecation, is a prophecy of the wretched state to which the Jews

should be reduced in punishment of their wilful obstinacy.

68:24. Let their eyes be darkened that they see not; and their back

bend thou down always.

68:25. Pour out thy indignation upon them: and let thy wrathful anger

take hold of them.

68:26. Let their habitation be made desolate: and let there be none to

dwell in their tabernacles.

68:27. Because they have persecuted him whom thou hast smitten; and

they have added to the grief of my wounds.

68:28. Add thou iniquity upon their iniquity: and let them not come

into thy justice.

68:29. Let them be blotted out of the book of the living; and with the

just let them not be written.

68:30. But I am poor and sorrowful: thy salvation, O God, hath set me


68:31. I will praise the name of God with a canticle: and I will

magnify him with praise.

68:32. And it shall please God better than a young calf, that bringeth

forth horns and hoofs.

68:33. Let the poor see and rejoice: seek ye God, and your soul shall


68:34. For the Lord hath heard the poor: and hath not despised his


68:35. Let the heavens and the earth praise him; the sea, and every

thing that creepeth therein.

68:36. For God will save Sion, and the cities of Juda shall be built

up. And they shall dwell there, and acquire it by inheritance.

Sion. . .The catholic church. The cities of Juda, etc., her places of

worship, which shall be established throughout the world. And there,

viz., in this church of Christ, shall his servants dwell, etc.

68:37. And the seed of his servants shall possess it; and they that

love his name shall dwell therein.

Chapter 69

Deus in adjutorium.

A prayer in persecution.

69:1. Unto the end, a psalm for David, to bring to remembrance that the

Lord saved him.

69:2. O God, come to my assistance; O Lord, make haste to help me.

69:3. Let them be confounded and ashamed that seek my soul:

69:4. Let them be turned backward, and blush for shame that desire

evils to me: Let them be presently turned away blushing for shame that

say to me: 'Tis well, 'tis well.

'T is well, 't is well. . .Euge, euge. St. Jerome renders it, vah, vah!

which is the voice of one insulting and deriding. Some understand it as

a detestation of deceitful flatterers.

69:5. Let all that seek thee rejoice and be glad in thee; and let such

as love thy salvation say always: The Lord be magnified.

69:6. But I am needy and poor; O God, help me. Thou art my helper and

my deliverer: O lord, make no delay.

Chapter 70

In te, Domine.

A prayer for perseverance.

70:1. A psalm for David. Of the sons of Jonadab, and the former

captives. In thee, O Lord, I have hoped, let me never be put to


Of the sons of Jonadab. . .The Rechabites, of whom see Jer. 35. By this

addition of the seventy-two interpreters, we gather that this psalm was

usually sung in the synagogue, in the person of the Rechabites, and of

those who were first carried away into captivity.

70:2. Deliver me in thy justice, and rescue me. Incline thy ear unto

me, and save me.

70:3. Be thou unto me a God, a protector, and a place of strength: that

thou mayst make me safe. For thou art my firmament and my refuge.

70:4. Deliver me, O my God, out of the hand of the sinner, and out of

the hand of the transgressor of the law and of the unjust.

70:5. For thou art my patience, O Lord: my hope, O Lord, from my youth.

70:6. By thee have I been confirmed from the womb: from my mother's

womb thou art my protector. Of thee I shall continually sing:

70:7. I am become unto many as a wonder, but thou art a strong helper.

70:8. Let my mouth be filled with praise, that I may sing thy glory;

thy greatness all the day long.

70:9. Cast me not off in the time of old age: when my strength shall

fail, do not thou forsake me.

70:10. For my enemies have spoken against me; and they that watched my

soul have consulted together,

70:11. Saying: God hath forsaken him: pursue and take him, for there is

none to deliver him.

70:12. O God, be not thou far from me: O my God, make haste to my help.

70:13. Let them be confounded and come to nothing that detract my soul;

let them be covered with confusion and blame that seek my hurt.

70:14. But I will always hope; and will add to all thy praise.

70:15. My mouth shall shew forth thy justice; thy salvation all the day

long. Because I have not known learning,

Learning. . .As much as to say, I build not upon human learning, but

only on the power and justice of God.

70:16. I will enter into the powers of the Lord: O Lord, I will be

mindful of thy justice alone.

70:17. Thou hast taught me, O God, from my youth: and till now I will

declare thy wonderful works.

70:18. And unto old age and grey hairs: O God, forsake me not, Until I

shew forth thy arm to all the generation that is to come: Thy power,

70:19. And thy justice, O God, even to the highest great things thou

hast done: O God, who is like to thee?

70:20. How great troubles hast thou shewn me, many and grievous: and

turning thou hast brought me to life, and hast brought me back again

from the depths of the earth:

70:21. Thou hast multiplied thy magnificence; and turning to me thou

hast comforted me.

70:22. For I will also confess to thee thy truth with the instruments

of psaltery: O God, I will sing to thee with the harp, thou holy one of


70:23. My lips shall greatly rejoice, when I shall sing to thee; and my

soul which thou hast redeemed.

70:24. Yea and my tongue shall meditate on thy justice all the day;

when they shall be confounded and put to shame that seek evils to me.

Chapter 71

Deus, judicium tuum.

A prophecy of the coming of Christ, and of his kingdom: prefigured by

Solomon and his happy reign.

71:1. A psalm on Solomon.

71:2. Give to the king thy judgment, O God, and to the king's son thy

justice: To judge thy people with justice, and thy poor with judgment.

71:3. Let the mountains receive peace for the people: and the hills


71:4. He shall judge the poor of the people, and he shall save the

children of the poor: and he shall humble the oppressor.

71:5. And he shall continue with the sun and before the moon,

throughout all generations.

71:6. He shall come down like rain upon the fleece; and as showers

falling gently upon the earth.

71:7. In his days shall justice spring up, and abundance of peace, till

the moon be taken away.

71:8. And he shall rule from sea to sea, and from the river unto the

ends of the earth.

71:9. Before him the Ethiopians shall fall down: and his enemies shall

lick the ground.

71:10. The kings of Tharsis and the islands shall offer presents: the

kings of the Arabians and of Saba shall bring gifts:

71:11. And all kings of the earth shall adore him: all nations shall

serve him.

71:12. For he shall deliver the poor from the mighty: and the needy

that had no helper.

71:13. He shall spare the poor and needy: and he shall save the souls

of the poor.

71:14. He shall redeem their souls from usuries and iniquity: and their

names shall be honourable in his sight.

71:15. And he shall live, and to him shall be given of the gold of

Arabia, for him they shall always adore: they shall bless him all the


71:16. And there shall be a firmament on the earth on the tops of

mountains, above Libanus shall the fruit thereof be exalted: and they

of the city shall flourish like the grass of the earth.

A firmament on the earth, etc. . .This may be understood of the church

of Christ, ever firm and visible: and of the flourishing condition of

its congregation.

71:17. Let his name be blessed for evermore: his name continueth before

the sun. And in him shall all the tribes of the earth be blessed: all

nations shall magnify him.

71:18. Blessed be the Lord, the God of Israel, who alone doth wonderful


71:19. And blessed be the name of his majesty for ever: and the whole

earth shall be filled with his majesty. So be it. So be it.

71:20. The praises of David, the son of Jesse, are ended.

Are ended. . .By this it appears that this psalm, though placed here,

was in order of time the last of those which David composed.

Chapter 72

Quam bonus Israel Deus.

The temptation of the weak, upon seeing the prosperity of the wicked,

is overcome by the consideration of the justice of God, who will

quickly render to every one according to his works.

72:1. A psalm for Asaph. How good is God to Israel, to them that are of

a right heart!

72:2. But my feet were almost moved; my steps had well nigh slipped.

72:3. Because I had a zeal on occasion of the wicked, seeing the

prosperity of sinners.

72:4. For there is no regard to their death, nor is there strength in

their stripes.

72:5. They are not in the labour of men: neither shall they be scourged

like other men.

72:6. Therefore pride hath held them fast: they are covered with their

iniquity and their wickedness.

72:7. Their iniquity hath come forth, as it were from fatness: they

have passed into the affection of the heart.

Fatness. . .Abundance and temporal prosperity, which hath encouraged

them in their iniquity: and made them give themselves up to their

irregular affections.

72:8. They have thought and spoken wickedness: they have spoken

iniquity on high.

72:9. They have set their mouth against heaven: and their tongue hath

passed through the earth.

72:10. Therefore will my people return here and full days shall be

found in them.

Return here. . .or hither. The weak among the servants of God, will be

apt often to return to this thought, and will be shocked when they

consider the full days, that is, the long and prosperous life of the

wicked; and will be tempted to make the reflections against providence

which are set down in the following verses.

72:11. And they said: How doth God know? and is there knowledge in the

most High?

72:12. Behold these are sinners; and yet, abounding in the world they

have obtained riches.

72:13. And I said: Then have I in vain justified my heart, and washed

my hands among the innocent.

72:14. And I have been scourged all the day; and my chastisement hath

been in the mornings.

72:15. If I said: I will speak thus; behold I should condemn the

generation of thy children.

If I said, etc. . .That is, if I should indulge such thoughts as these.

72:16. I studied that I might know this thing, it is a labour in my


72:17. Until I go into the sanctuary of God, and understand concerning

their last ends.

72:18. But indeed for deceits thou hast put it to them: when they were

lifted up thou hast cast them down.

Thou hast put it to them. . .In punishment of their deceits, or for

deceiving them, thou hast brought evils upon them in their last end,

which, in their prosperity they never apprehended.

72:19. How are they brought to desolation? they have suddenly ceased to

be: they have perished by reason of their iniquity.

72:20. As the dream of them that awake, O Lord; so in thy city thou

shalt bring their image to nothing.

72:21. For my heart hath been inflamed, and my reins have been changed:

72:22. And I am brought to nothing, and I knew not.

72:23. I am become as a beast before thee: and I am always with thee.

72:24. Thou hast held me by my right hand; and by thy will thou hast

conducted me, and with thy glory thou hast received me.

72:25. For what have I in heaven? and besides thee what do I desire

upon earth?

72:26. For thee my flesh and my heart hath fainted away: thou art the

God of my heart, and the God that is my portion for ever.

72:27. For behold they that go far from thee shall perish: thou hast

destroyed all them that are disloyal to thee.

72:28. But it is good for me to adhere to my God, to put my hope in the

Lord God: That I may declare all thy praises, in the gates of the

daughter of Sion.

Chapter 73

Ut quid, Deus.

A prayer of the church under grievous persecutions.

73:1. Understanding for Asaph. O God, why hast thou cast us off unto

the end: why is thy wrath enkindled against the sheep of thy pasture?

73:2. Remember thy congregation, which thou hast possessed from the

beginning. The sceptre of thy inheritance which thou hast redeemed:

mount Sion in which thou hast dwelt.

73:3. Lift up thy hands against their pride unto the end; see what

things the enemy hath done wickedly in the sanctuary.

73:4. And they that hate thee have made their boasts, in the midst of

thy solemnity. They have set up their ensigns for signs,

Their ensigns, etc. . .They have fixed their colours for signs and

trophies, both on the gates, and on the highest top of the temple: and

they knew not, that is, they regarded not the sanctity of the place.

This psalm manifestly foretells the time of the Machabees, and the

profanation of the temple by Antiochus.

73:5. And they knew not both in the going out and on the highest top.

As with axes in a wood of trees,

73:6. They have cut down at once the gates thereof, with axe and

hatchet they have brought it down.

73:7. They have set fire to thy sanctuary: they have defiled the

dwelling place of thy name on the earth.

73:8. They said in their heart, the whole kindred of them together: Let

us abolish all the festival days of God from the land.

73:9. Our signs we have not seen, there is now no prophet: and he will

know us no more.

73:10. How long, O God, shall the enemy reproach: is the adversary to

provoke thy name for ever?

73:11. Why dost thou turn away thy hand: and thy right hand out of the

midst of thy bosom for ever?

73:12. But God is our king before ages: he hath wrought salvation in

the midst of the earth.

73:13. Thou by thy strength didst make the sea firm: thou didst crush

the heads of the dragons in the waters.

The sea firm. . .By making the waters of the Red Sea stand like firm

walls, whilst Israel passed through: and destroying the Egyptians

called here dragons from their cruelty, in the same waters, with their

king: casting up their bodies on the shore to be stripped by the

Ethiopians inhabiting in those days the coast of Arabia.

73:14. Thou hast broken the heads of the dragon: thou hast given him to

be meat for the people of the Ethiopians.

73:15. Thou hast broken up the fountains and the torrents: thou hast

dried up the Ethan rivers.

Ethan rivers. . .That is, rivers which run with strong streams. This was

verified in Jordan, Jos. 3, and in Arnon, Num. 21.14.

73:16. Thine is the day, and thine is the night: thou hast made the

morning light and the sun.

73:17. Thou hast made all the borders of the earth: the summer and the

spring were formed by thee.

73:18. Remember this, the enemy hath reproached the Lord: and a foolish

people hath provoked thy name.

73:19. Deliver not up to beasts the souls that confess to thee: and

forget not to the end the souls of thy poor.

73:20. Have regard to thy covenant: for they that are the obscure of

the earth have been filled with dwellings of iniquity.

The obscure of the earth. . .Mean and ignoble wretches have been filled,

that is, enriched, with houses of iniquity, that is, with our estates

and possessions, which they have unjustly acquired.

73:21. Let not the humble be turned away with confusion: the poor and

needy shall praise thy name.

73:22. Arise, O God, judge thy own cause: remember thy reproaches with

which the foolish man hath reproached thee all the day.

73:23. Forget not the voices of thy enemies: the pride of them that

hate thee ascendeth continually.

Chapter 74

Confitebimur tibi.

There is a just judgment to come: therefore let the wicked take care.

74:1. Unto the end, corrupt not, a psalm of a canticle for Asaph.

Corrupt not. . .It is believed to have been the beginning of some ode or

hymn, to the tune of which this psalm was to be sung. St. Augustine and

other fathers take it to be an admonition of the spirit of God, not to

faint or fail in our hope: but to persevere with constancy in good:

because God will not fail in his due time to render to every man

according to his works.

74:2. We will praise thee, O God: we will praise, and we will call upon

thy name. We will relate thy wondrous works:

74:3. When I shall take a time, I will judge justices.

When I shall take a time. . .In proper times: particularly at the last

day, when the earth shall melt away at the presence of the great Judge:

the same who originally laid the foundations of it, and as it were

established its pillars.

74:4. The earth is melted, and all that dwell therein: I have

established the pillars thereof.

74:5. I said to the wicked: Do not act wickedly: and to the sinners:

Lift not up the horn.

74:6. Lift not up your horn on high: speak not iniquity against God.

74:7. For neither from the east, nor from the west, nor from the desert


74:8. For God is the judge. One he putteth down, and another he lifteth


74:9. For in the hand of the Lord there is a cup of strong wine full of

mixture. And he hath poured it out from this to that: but the dregs

thereof are not emptied: all the sinners of the earth shall drink.

74:10. But I will declare for ever: I will sing to the God of Jacob.

74:11. And I will break all the horns of sinners: but the horns of the

just shall be exalted.

Chapter 75

Notus in Judaea.

God is known in his church: and exerts his power in protecting it. It

alludes to the slaughter of the Assyrians, in the days of king


75:1. Unto the end, in praises, a psalm for Asaph: a canticle to the


75:2. In Judea God is known: his name is great in Israel.

75:3. And his place is in peace: and his abode in Sion:

75:4. There hath he broken the powers of bows, the shield, the sword,

and the battle.

75:5. Thou enlightenest wonderfully from the everlasting hills.

75:6. All the foolish of heart were troubled. They have slept their

sleep; and all the men of riches have found nothing in their hands.

75:7. At thy rebuke, O God of Jacob, they have all slumbered that

mounted on horseback.

75:8. Thou art terrible, and who shall resist thee? from that time thy


From that time, etc. . .From the time that thy wrath shall break out.

75:9. Thou hast caused judgment to be heard from heaven: the earth

trembled and was still,

75:10. When God arose in judgment, to save all the meek of the earth.

75:11. For the thought of man shall give praise to thee: and the

remainders of the thought shall keep holiday to thee.

75:12. Vow ye, and pay to the Lord your God: all you that are round

about him bring presents. To him that is terrible,

75:13. Even to him who taketh away the spirit of princes: to the

terrible with the kings of the earth.

Chapter 76

Voce mea.

The faithful have recourse to God in trouble of mind, with confidence

in his mercy and power.

76:1. Unto the end, for Idithun, a psalm of Asaph.

76:2. I cried to the Lord with my voice; to God with my voice, and he

gave ear to me.

76:3. In the days of my trouble I sought God, with my hands lifted up

to him in the night, and I was not deceived. My soul refused to be


76:4. I remembered God, and was delighted, and was exercised, and my

spirit swooned away.

76:5. My eyes prevented the watches: I was troubled, and I spoke not.

76:6. I thought upon the days of old: and I had in my mind the eternal


76:7. And I meditated in the night with my own heart: and I was

exercised and I swept my spirit.

76:8. Will God then cast off for ever? or will he never be more

favourable again?

76:9. Or will he cut off his mercy for ever, from generation to


76:10. Or will God forget to shew mercy? or will he in his anger shut

up his mercies?

76:11. And I said, Now have I begun: this is the change of the right

hand of the most High.

76:12. I remembered the works of the Lord: for I will be mindful of thy

wonders from the beginning.

76:13. And I will meditate on all thy works: and will be employed in

thy inventions.

76:14. Thy way, O God, is in the holy place: who is the great God like

our God?

76:15. Thou art the God that dost wonders. Thou hast made thy power

known among the nations:

76:16. With thy arm thou hast redeemed thy people the children of Jacob

and of Joseph.

76:17. The waters saw thee, O God, the waters saw thee: and they were

afraid, and the depths were troubled.

76:18. Great was the noise of the waters: the clouds sent out a sound.

For thy arrows pass:

76:19. The voice of thy thunder in a wheel. Thy lightnings enlightened

the world: the earth shook and trembled.

76:20. Thy way is in the sea, and thy paths in many waters: and thy

footsteps shall not be known.

76:21. Thou hast conducted thy people like sheep, by the hand of Moses

and Aaron.

Chapter 77


God's great benefits to the people of Israel, notwithstanding their


77:1. Understanding for Asaph. Attend, O my people, to my law: incline

your ears to the words of my mouth.

77:2. I will open my mouth in parables: I will utter propositions from

the beginning.

Propositions. . .Deep and mysterious sayings. By this it appears that

the historical facts of ancient times, commemorated in this psalm, were

deep and mysterious: as being figures of great truths appertaining to

the time of the New Testament.

77:3. How great things have we heard and known, and our fathers have

told us.

77:4. They have not been hidden from their children, in another

generation. Declaring the praises of the Lord, and his powers, and his

wonders which he hath done.

77:5. And he set up a testimony in Jacob: and made a law in Israel. How

great things he commanded our fathers, that they should make the same

known to their children:

77:6. That another generation might know them. The children that should

be born and should rise up, and declare them to their children.

77:7. That they may put their hope in God and may not forget the works

of God: and may seek his commandments.

77:8. That they may not become like their fathers, a perverse and

exasperating generation. A generation that set not their heart aright:

and whose spirit was not faithful to God.

77:9. The sons of Ephraim who bend and shoot with the bow: they have

turned back in the day of battle.

77:10. They kept not the covenant of God: and in his law they would not


77:11. And they forgot his benefits, and his wonders that he had shewn


77:12. Wonderful things did he do in the sight of their fathers, in the

land of Egypt, in the field of Tanis.

77:13. He divided the sea and brought them through: and he made the

waters to stand as in a vessel.

77:14. And he conducted them with a cloud by day: and all the night

with a light of fire.

77:15. He struck the rock in the wilderness: and gave them to drink, as

out of the great deep.

77:16. He brought forth water out of the rock: and made streams run

down as rivers.

77:17. And they added yet more sin against him: they provoked the most

High to wrath in the place without water.

77:18. And they tempted God in their hearts, by asking meat for their


77:19. And they spoke ill of God: they said: Can God furnish a table in

the wilderness?

77:20. Because he struck the rock, and the waters gushed out, and the

streams overflowed. Can he also give bread, or provide a table for his


77:21. Therefore the Lord heard, and was angry: and a fire was kindled

against Jacob, and wrath came up against Israel.

77:22. Because they believed not in God: and trusted not in his


77:23. And he had commanded the clouds from above, and had opened the

doors of heaven.

77:24. And had rained down manna upon them to eat, and had given them

the bread of heaven.

77:25. Man ate the bread of angels: he sent them provisions in


77:26. He removed the south wind from heaven: and by his power brought

in the southwest wind.

77:27. And he rained upon them flesh as dust: and feathered fowls like

as the sand of the sea.

77:28. And they fell in the midst of their camp, round about their


77:29. So they did eat, and were filled exceedingly, and he gave them

their desire:

77:30. they were not defrauded of that which they craved. As yet their

meat was in their mouth:

77:31. And the wrath of God came upon them. And he slew the fat ones

amongst them, and brought down the chosen men of Israel.

77:32. In all these things they sinned still: and they behaved not for

his wondrous works.

77:33. And their days were consumed in vanity, and their years in


77:34. When he slew them, then they sought him: and they returned, and

came to him early in the morning.

77:35. And they remembered that God was their helper: and the most high

God their redeemer.

77:36. And they loved him with their mouth: and with their tongue they

lied unto him:

77:37. But their heart was not right with him: nor were they counted

faithful in his covenant.

77:38. But he is merciful, and will forgive their sins: and will not

destroy them. And many a time did he turn away his anger: and did not

kindle all his wrath.

77:39. And he remembered that they are flesh: a wind that goeth and

returneth not.

77:40. How often did they provoke him in the desert: and move him to

wrath in the place without water?

77:41. And they turned back and tempted God: and grieved the holy one

of Israel.

77:42. They remembered not his hand, in the day that he redeemed them

from the hand of him that afflicted them:

77:43. How he wrought his signs in Egypt, and his wonders in the field

of Tanis.

77:44. And he turned their rivers into blood, and their showers that

they might not drink.

77:45. He sent amongst them divers sorts of flies, which devoured them:

and frogs which destroyed them.

77:46. And he gave up their fruits to the blast, and their labours to

the locust.

77:47. And he destroyed their vineyards with hail, and their mulberry

trees with hoarfrost.

77:48. And he gave up their cattle to the hail, and their stock to the


77:49. And he sent upon them the wrath of his indignation: indignation

and wrath and trouble, which he sent by evil angels.

77:50. He made a way for a path to his anger: he spared not their souls

from death, and their cattle he shut up in death.

77:51. And he killed all the firstborn in the land of Egypt: the

firstfruits of all their labour in the tabernacles of Cham.

77:52. And he took away his own people as sheep: and guided them in the

wilderness like a flock.

77:53. And he brought them out in hope and they feared not: and the sea

overwhelmed their enemies.

77:54. And he brought them into the mountain of his sanctuary: the

mountain which his right hand had purchased. And he cast out the

Gentiles before them: and by lot divided to them their land by a line

of distribution.

77:55. And he made the tribes of Israel to dwell in their tabernacles.

77:56. Yet they tempted, and provoked the most high God: and they kept

not his testimonies.

77:57. And they turned away, and kept not the covenant: even like their

fathers they were turned aside as a crooked bow.

77:58. They provoked him to anger on their hills: and moved him to

jealousy with their graven things.

77:59. God heard, and despised them, and he reduced Israel exceedingly

as it were to nothing.

77:60. And he put away the tabernacle of Silo, his tabernacle where he

dwelt among men.

77:61. And he delivered their strength into captivity: and their beauty

into the hands of the enemy.

77:62. And he shut up his people under the sword: and he despised his


77:63. Fire consumed their young men: and their maidens were not


77:64. Their priests fell by the sword: and their widows did not mourn.

77:65. And the Lord was awaked as one out of sleep, and like a mighty

man that hath been surfeited with wine.

77:66. And he smote his enemies on the hinder parts: he put them to an

everlasting reproach.

77:67. And he rejected the tabernacle of Joseph: and chose not the

tribe of Ephraim:

77:68. But he chose the tribe of Juda, mount Sion which he loved.

77:69. And he built his sanctuary as of unicorns, in the land which he

founded for ever.

As of unicorns. . .That is, firm and strong like the horn of the

unicorn. This is one of the chiefest of the propositions of this psalm,

foreshewing the firm establishment of the one, true, and everlasting

sanctuary of God, in his church.

77:70. And he chose his servant David, and took him from the flocks of

sheep: he brought him from following the ewes great with young,

77:71. To feed Jacob his servant and Israel his inheritance.

77:72. And he fed them in the innocence of his heart: and conducted

them by the skilfulness of his hands.

Chapter 78

Deus, venerunt gentes.

The church in time of persecution prayeth for relief. It seems to

belong to the time of the Machabees.

78:1. A psalm for Asaph. O God, the heathens are come into thy

inheritance, they have defiled thy holy temple: they have made

Jerusalem as a place to keep fruit.

78:2. They have given the dead bodies of thy servants to be meat for

the fowls of the air: the flesh of thy saints for the beasts of the


78:3. They have poured out their blood as water, round about Jerusalem

and there was none to bury them.

78:4. We are become a reproach to our neighbours: a scorn and derision

to them that are round about us.

78:5. How long, O Lord, wilt thou be angry for ever: shall thy zeal be

kindled like a fire?

78:6. Pour out thy wrath upon the nations that have not known thee: and

upon the kingdoms that have not called upon thy name.

78:7. Because they have devoured Jacob; and have laid waste his place.

78:8. Remember not our former iniquities: let thy mercies speedily

prevent us, for we are become exceeding poor.

78:9. Help us, O God, our saviour: and for the glory of thy name, O

Lord, deliver us: and forgive us our sins for thy name's sake:

78:10. Lest they should say among the Gentiles: Where is their God? And

let him be made known among the nations before our eyes, By the

revenging the blood of thy servants, which hath been shed:

78:11. Let the sighing of the prisoners come in before thee. According

to the greatness of thy arm, take possession of the children of them

that have been put to death.

78:12. And render to our neighbours sevenfold in their bosom: the

reproach wherewith they have reproached thee, O Lord.

78:13. But we thy people, and the sheep of thy pasture, will give

thanks to thee for ever. We will shew forth thy praise, unto generation

and generation.

Chapter 79

Qui regis Israel.

A prayer for the church in tribulation, commemorating God's former


79:1. Unto the end, for them that shall be changed, a testimony for

Asaph, a psalm.

79:2. Give ear, O thou that rulest Israel: thou that leadest Joseph

like a sheep. Thou that sittest upon the cherubims, shine forth

79:3. Before Ephraim, Benjamin, and Manasses. Stir up thy might, and

come to save us.

79:4. Convert us, O God: and shew us thy face, and we shall be saved.

79:5. O Lord God of hosts, how long wilt thou be angry against the

prayer of thy servant?

79:6. How long wilt thou feed us with the bread of tears: and give us

for our drink tears in measure?

79:7. Thou hast made us to be a contradiction to our neighbours: and

our enemies have scoffed at us.

79:8. O God of hosts, convert us: and shew thy face, and we shall be


79:9. Thou hast brought a vineyard out of Egypt: thou hast cast out the

Gentiles and planted it.

79:10. Thou wast the guide of its journey in its sight: thou plantedst

the roots thereof, and it filled the land.

79:11. The shadow of it covered the hills: and the branches thereof the

cedars of God.

79:12. It stretched forth its branches unto the sea, and its boughs

unto the river.

79:13. Why hast thou broken down the hedge thereof, so that all they

who pass by the way do pluck it?

79:14. The boar out of the wood hath laid it waste: and a singular wild

beast hath devoured it.

79:15. Turn again, O God of hosts, look down from heaven, and see, and

visit this vineyard:

79:16. And perfect the same which thy right hand hath planted: and upon

the son of man whom thou hast confirmed for thyself.

79:17. Things set on fire and dug down shall perish at the rebuke of

thy countenance.

Things set on fire, etc. . .So this vineyard of thine, almost consumed

already, must perish, if thou continue thy rebukes.

79:18. Let thy hand be upon the man of thy right hand: and upon the son

of man whom thou hast confirmed for thyself.

The man of thy right hand. . .Christ.

79:19. And we depart not from thee, thou shalt quicken us: and we will

call upon thy name.

79:20. O Lord God of hosts, convert us and shew thy face, and we shall

be saved.

Chapter 80

Exultate Deo.

An invitation to a solemn praising of God.

80:1. Unto the end, for the winepresses, a psalm for Asaph himself.

For the winepresses, etc. . .Torcularibus. It either signifies a musical

instrument, or that this psalm was to be sung at the feast of the

tabernacles after the gathering in of the vintage.

80:2. Rejoice to God our helper: sing aloud to the God of Jacob.

80:3. Take a psalm, and bring hither the timbrel: the pleasant psaltery

with the harp.

80:4. Blow up the trumpet on the new moon, on the noted day of your


80:5. For it is a commandment in Israel, and a judgment to the God of


80:6. He ordained it for a testimony in Joseph, when he came out of the

land of Egypt: he heard a tongue which he knew not.

80:7. He removed his back from the burdens: his hands had served in


80:8. Thou calledst upon me in affliction, and I delivered thee: I

heard thee in the secret place of tempest: I proved thee at the waters

of contradiction.

In the secret place of tempest. . .Heb., Of thunder. When thou soughtest

to hide thyself from the tempest: or, when I came down to mount Sina,

hidden from thy eyes in a storm of thunder.

80:9. Hear, O my people, and I will testify to thee: O Israel, if thou

wilt hearken to me,

80:10. there shall be no new god in thee: neither shalt

thou adore a strange god.

80:11. For I am the Lord thy God, who brought thee out of the land of

Egypt: open thy mouth wide, and I will fill it.

80:12. But my people heard not my voice: and Israel hearkened not to


80:13. So I let them go according to the desires of their heart: they

shall walk in their own inventions.

80:14. If my people had heard me: if Israel had walked in my ways:

80:15. I should soon have humbled their enemies, and laid my hand on

them that troubled them.

80:16. The enemies of the Lord have lied to him: and their time shall

be for ever.

Their time shall be forever. . .Impenitent sinners shall suffer for


80:17. And he fed them with the fat of wheat, and filled them with

honey out of the rock.

Chapter 81

Deus stetit.

An exhortation to judges and men in power.

81:1. A psalm for Asaph. God hath stood in the congregation of gods:

and being in the midst of them he judgeth gods.

81:2. How long will you judge unjustly: and accept the persons of the


81:3. Judge for the needy and fatherless: do justice to the humble and

the poor.

81:4. Rescue the poor; and deliver the needy out of the hand of the


81:5. They have not known nor understood: they walk on in darkness: all

the foundations of the earth shall be moved.

81:6. I have said: You are gods and all of you the sons of the most


81:7. But you like men shall die: and shall fall like one of the


81:8. Arise, O God, judge thou the earth: for thou shalt inherit among

all the nations.

Chapter 82

Deus, quis similis.

A prayer against the enemies of God's church.

82:1. A canticle of a psalm for Asaph.

82:2. O God, who shall be like to thee? hold not thy peace, neither be

thou still, O God.

82:3. For lo, thy enemies have made a noise: and they that hate thee

have lifted up the head.

82:4. They have taken a malicious counsel against thy people, and have

consulted against thy saints.

82:5. They have said: Come and let us destroy them, so that they be not

a nation: and let the name of Israel be remembered no more.

82:6. For they have contrived with one consent: they have made a

covenant together against thee,

82:7. The tabernacle of the Edomites, and the Ishmahelites: Moab, and

the Agarens,

82:8. Gebal, and Ammon and Amalec: the Philistines, with the

inhabitants of Tyre.

82:9. Yea, and the Assyrian also is joined with them: they are come to

the aid of the sons of Lot.

82:10. Do to them as thou didst to Madian and to Sisara: as to Jabin at

the brook of Cisson.

82:11. Who perished at Endor: and became as dung for the earth.

82:12. Make their princes like Oreb, and Zeb, and Zebee, and Salmana.

All their princes,

82:13. Who have said: Let us possess the sanctuary of God for an


82:14. O my God, make them like a wheel; and as stubble before the


82:15. As fire which burneth the wood: and as a flame burning


82:16. So shalt thou pursue them with thy tempest: and shalt trouble

them in thy wrath.

82:17. Fill their faces with shame; and they shall seek thy name, O


82:18. Let them be ashamed and troubled for ever and ever: and let them

be confounded and perish.

82:19. And let them know that the Lord is thy name: thou alone art the

most High over all the earth.

Chapter 83

Quam dilecta.

The soul aspireth after heaven; rejoicing in the mean time, in being in

the communion of God's church upon earth.

83:1. Unto the end, for the winepresses, a psalm for the sons of Core.

83:2. How lovely are thy tabernacles, O Lord of hosts!

83:3. my soul longeth and fainteth for the courts of the Lord. My heart

and my flesh have rejoiced in the living God.

83:4. For the sparrow hath found herself a house, and the turtle a nest

for herself where she may lay her young ones: Thy altars, O Lord of

hosts, my king and my God.

83:5. Blessed are they that dwell in thy house, O Lord: they shall

praise thee for ever and ever.

83:6. Blessed is the man whose help is from thee: in his heart he hath

disposed to ascend by steps,

In his heart he hath disposed to ascend by steps, etc. . .Ascensiones in

corde suo disposuit. As by steps men ascended to the temple of God

situated on a hill; so the good Christian ascends towards the eternal

temple by certain steps of virtue disposed or ordered within the heart:

and this whilst he lives as yet in the body, in this vale of tears, the

place which man hath set: that is, which he hath brought himself to:

being cast out of paradise for his sin.

83:7. In the vale of tears, in the place which he hath set.

83:8. For the lawgiver shall give a blessing, they shall go from virtue

to virtue: the God of gods shall be seen in Sion.

83:9. O Lord God of hosts, hear my prayer: give ear, O God of Jacob.

83:10. Behold, O God our protector: and look on the face of thy Christ.

83:11. For better is one day in thy courts above thousands. I have

chosen to be an abject in the house of my God, rather than to dwell in

the tabernacles of sinners.

83:12. For God loveth mercy and truth: the Lord will give grace and


83:13. He will not deprive of good things them that walk in innocence:

O Lord of hosts, blessed is the man that trusteth in thee.

Chapter 84

Benedixisti, Domine.

The coming of Christ, to bring peace and salvation to man.

84:1. Unto the end, for the sons of Core, a psalm.

84:2. Lord, thou hast blessed thy land: thou hast turned away the

captivity of Jacob.

84:3. Thou hast forgiven the iniquity of thy people: thou hast covered

all their sins.

84:4. Thou hast mitigated all thy anger: thou hast turned away from the

wrath of thy indignation.

84:5. Convert us, O God our saviour: and turn off thy anger from us.

84:6. Wilt thou be angry with us for ever: or wilt thou extend thy

wrath from generation to generation?

84:7. Thou wilt turn, O God, and bring us to life: and thy people shall

rejoice in thee.

84:8. Shew us, O Lord, thy mercy; and grant us thy salvation.

84:9. I will hear what the Lord God will speak in me: for he will speak

peace unto his people: And unto his saints: and unto them that are

converted to the heart.

84:10. Surely his salvation is near to them that fear him : that glory

may dwell in our land.

84:11. Mercy and truth have met each other: justice and peace have


84:12. Truth is sprung out of the earth: and justice hath looked down

from heaven.

84:13. For the Lord will give goodness: and our earth shall yield her


84:14. Justice shall walk before him: and ,shall set his steps in the


Chapter 85

Inclina, Domine.

A prayer for God's grace to assist us to the end.

85:1. A prayer for David himself. Incline thy ear, O Lord, and hear me:

for I am needy and poor.

85:2. Preserve my soul, for I am holy: save thy servant, O my God, that

trusteth in thee.

I am holy. . .I am by my office and profession dedicated to thy service.

85:3. Have mercy on me, O Lord, for I have cried to thee all the day.

85:4. Give joy to the soul of thy servant, for to thee, O Lord, I have

lifted up my soul.

85:5. For thou, O Lord, art sweet and mild: and plenteous in mercy to

all that call upon thee.

85:6. Give ear, O Lord, to my prayer: and attend to the voice of my


85:7. I have called upon thee in the day of my trouble: because thou

hast heard me.

85:8. There is none among the gods like unto thee, O Lord: and there is

none according to thy works.

85:9. All the nations thou hast made shall come and adore before thee,

O Lord: and they shall glorify thy name.

85:10. For thou art great and dost wonderful things: thou art God


85:11. Conduct me, O Lord, in thy way, and I will walk in thy truth:

let my heart rejoice that it may fear thy name.

85:12. I will praise thee, O Lord my God, with my whole heart, and I

will glorify thy name for ever:

85:13. For thy mercy is great towards me: and thou hast delivered my

soul out of the lower hell.

85:14. O God, the wicked are risen up against me, and the assembly of

the mighty have sought my soul: and they have not set thee before their


85:15. And thou, O Lord, art a God of compassion, and merciful,

patient, and of much mercy, and true.

85:16. O look upon me, and have mercy on me: give thy command to thy

servant, and save the son of thy handmaid.

85:17. Shew me a token for good: that they who hate me may see, and be

confounded, because thou, O Lord, hast helped me and hast comforted me.

Chapter 86

Fundamenta ejus.

The glory of the church of Christ.

86:1. For the sons of Core, a psalm of a canticle. The foundations

thereof are the holy mountains:

The holy mountains. . .The apostles and prophets. Eph. 2.20.

86:2. The Lord loveth the gates of Sion above all the tabernacles of


86:3. Glorious things are said of thee, O city of God.

86:4. I will be mindful of Rahab and of Babylon knowing me. Behold the

foreigners, and Tyre, and the people of the Ethiopians, these were


Rahab. . .Egypt, etc. To this Sion, which is the church of God, many

shall resort from all nations.

86:5. Shall not Sion say: This man and that man is born in her? and the

Highest himself hath founded her.

Shall not Sion say, etc. . .The meaning is, that Sion, viz., the church,

shall not only be able to commemorate this or that particular person of

renown born in her, but also to glory in great multitudes of people and

princes of her communion; who have been foretold in the writings of the

prophets, and registered in the writings of the apostles.

86:6. The Lord shall tell in his writings of peoples and of princes, of

them that have been in her.

86:7. The dwelling in thee is as it were of all rejoicing.

Chapter 87

Domine, Deus salutis.

A prayer of one under grievous affliction: it agrees to Christ in his

passion, and alludes to his death and burial.

87:1. A canticle of a psalm for the sons of Core: unto the end, for

Maheleth, to answer understanding of Eman the Ezrahite.

Maheleth. . .A musical instrument, or chorus of musicians, to answer one

another.--Ibid. Understanding. . .Or a psalm of instruction, composed by

Eman the Ezrahite, or by David, in his name.

87:2. O Lord, the God of my salvation: I have cried in the day, and in

the night before thee.

87:3. Let my prayer come in before thee: incline thy ear to my


87:4. For my soul is filled with evils: and my life hath drawn nigh to


87:5. I am counted among them that go down to the pit: I am become as a

man without help,

87:6. Free among the dead. Like the slain sleeping in the sepulchres,

whom thou rememberest no more: and they are cut off from thy hand.

87:7. They have laid me in the lower pit: in the dark places, and in

the shadow of death.

87:8. Thy wrath is strong over me: and all thy waves thou hast brought

in upon me.

87:9. Thou hast put away my acquaintance far from me: they have set me

an abomination to themselves. I was delivered up, and came not forth:

87:10. My eyes languished through poverty. All the day I cried to thee,

O Lord: I stretched out my hands to thee.

87:11. Wilt thou shew wonders to the dead? or shall physicians raise to

life, and give praise to thee?

87:12. Shall any one in the sepulchre declare thy mercy: and thy truth

in destruction?

87:13. Shall thy wonders be known in the dark; and thy justice in the

land of forgetfulness?

87:14. But I, O Lord, have cried to thee: and in the morning my prayer

shall prevent thee.

87:15. Lord, why castest thou off my prayer: why turnest thou away thy

face from me?

87:16. I am poor, and in labours from my youth: and being exalted have

been humbled and troubled.

87:17. Thy wrath hath come upon me: and thy terrors have troubled me.

87:18. They have come round about me like water all the day: they have

compassed me about together.

87:19. Friend and neighbour thou hast put far from me: and my

acquaintance, because of misery.

Chapter 88

Misericordias Domini.

The perpetuity of the church of Christ, in consequence of the promise

of God: which, notwithstanding, God permits her to suffer sometimes

most grievous afflictions.

88:1. Of understanding, for Ethan the Ezrahite.

88:2. The mercies of the Lord I will sing for ever. I will shew forth

thy truth with my mouth to generation and generation.

88:3. For thou hast said: Mercy shall be built up for ever in the

heavens: thy truth shall be prepared in them.

88:4. I have made a covenant with my elect: I have sworn to David my


88:5. Thy seed will I settle for ever. And I will build up thy throne

unto generation and generation.

88:6. The heavens shall confess thy wonders, O Lord: and thy truth in

the church of the saints.

88:7. For who in the clouds can be compared to the Lord: or who among

the sons of God shall be like to God?

88:8. God, who is glorified in the assembly of the saints: great and

terrible above all them that are about him.

88:9. O Lord God of hosts, who is like to thee? thou art mighty, O

Lord, and thy truth is round about thee.

88:10. Thou rulest the power of the sea: and appeasest the motion of

the waves thereof.

88:11. Thou hast humbled the proud one, as one that is slain: with the

arm of thy strength thou hast scattered thy enemies.

88:12. Thine are the heavens, and thine is the earth: the world and the

fulness thereof thou hast founded:

88:13. The north and the sea thou hast created. Thabor and Hermon shall

rejoice in thy name:

88:14. Thy arm is with might. Let thy hand be strengthened, and thy

right hand exalted:

88:15. Justice and judgment are the preparation of thy throne. Mercy

and truth shall go before thy face:

88:16. Blessed is the people that knoweth jubilation. They shall walk,

O Lord, in the light of thy countenance:

88:17. And in thy name they shall rejoice all the day, and in thy

justice they shall be exalted.

88:18. For thou art the glory of their strength: and in thy good

pleasure shall our horn be exalted.

88:19. For our protection is of the Lord, and of our king the holy one

of Israel.

88:20. Then thou spokest in a vision to thy saints, and saidst: I have

laid help upon one that is mighty, and have exalted one chosen out of

my people.

88:21. I have found David my servant: with my holy oil I have anointed


88:22. For my hand shall help him: and my arm shall strengthen him.

88:23. The enemy shall have no advantage over him: nor the son of

iniquity have power to hurt him.

88:24. And I will cut down his enemies before his face; and them that

hate him I will put to flight.

88:25. And my truth and my mercy shall be with him: and in my name

shall his horn be exalted.

88:26. And I will set his hand in the sea; and his right hand in the


88:27. He shall cry out to me: Thou art my father: my God, and the

support of my salvation.

88:28. And I will make him my firstborn, high above the kings of the


88:29. I will keep my mercy for him for ever: and my covenant faithful

to him.

88:30. And I will make his seed to endure for evermore: and his throne

as the days of heaven.

88:31. And if his children forsake my law, and walk not in my


88:32. If they profane my justices: and keep not my commandments:

88:33. I will visit their iniquities with a rod and their sins with


88:34. But my mercy I will not take away from him: nor will I suffer my

truth to fail.

88:35. Neither will I profane my covenant: and the words that proceed

from my mouth I will not make void.

88:36. Once have I sworn by my holiness: I will not lie unto David:

88:37. His seed shall endure for ever.

88:38. And his throne as the sun before me: and as the moon perfect for

ever, and a faithful witness in heaven.

88:39. But thou hast rejected and despised: thou hast been angry with

my anointed.

88:40. Thou hast overthrown the covenant of thy servant: thou hast

profaned his sanctuary on the earth.

Overthrown the covenant, etc. . .All this seems to relate to the time of

the captivity of Babylon, in which, for the sins of the people and

their princes, God seemed to have set aside for a while the covenant he

made with David.

88:41. Thou hast broken down all his hedges: thou hast made his

strength fear.

88:42. All that pass by the way have robbed him: he is become a

reproach to his neighbours.

88:43. Thou hast set up the right hand of them that oppress him: thou

hast made all his enemies to rejoice.

88:44. Thou hast turned away the help of his sword; and hast not

assisted him in battle.

88:45. Thou hast made his purification to cease: and thou hast cast his

throne down to the ground.

88:46. Thou hast shortened the days of his time: thou hast covered him

with confusion.

88:47. How long, O Lord, turnest thou away unto the end? shall thy

anger burn like fire?

88:48. Remember what my substance is: for hast thou made all the

children of men in vain?

88:49. Who is the man that shall live, and not see death: that shall

deliver his soul from the hand of hell?

88:50. Lord, where are thy ancient mercies, according to what thou

didst swear to David in thy truth?

88:51. Be mindful, O Lord, of the reproach of thy servants (which I

have held in my bosom) of many nations:

88:52. Wherewith thy enemies have reproached, O Lord; wherewith they

have reproached the change of thy anointed.

88:53. Blessed be the Lord for evermore. So be it. So be it.

Chapter 89

Domine, refugium.

A prayer for the mercy of God: recounting the shortness and miseries of

the days of man.

89:1. A prayer of Moses the man of God. Lord, thou hast been our refuge

from generation to generation.

89:2. Before the mountains were made, or the earth and the world was

formed; from eternity and to eternity thou art God.

89:3. Turn not man away to be brought low: and thou hast said: Be

converted, O ye sons of men.

Turn not man away, etc. . .Suffer him not quite to perish from thee,

since thou art pleased to call upon him to be converted to thee.

89:4. For a thousand years in thy sight are as yesterday, which is

past. And as a watch in the night,

89:5. Things that are counted nothing, shall their years be.

89:6. In the morning man shall grow up like grass; in the morning he

shall flourish and pass away: in the evening he shall fall, grow dry,

and wither.

89:7. For in thy wrath we have fainted away: and are troubled in thy


89:8. Thou hast set our iniquities before thy eyes: our life in the

light of thy countenance.

89:9. For all our days are spent; and in thy wrath we have fainted

away. Our years shall be considered as a spider:

As a spider. . .As frail and weak as a spider's web; and miserable

withal, whilst like a spider we spend our bowels in weaving webs to

catch flies.

89:10. The days of our years in them are threescore and ten years. But

if in the strong they be fourscore years: and what is more of them is

labour and sorrow. For mildness is come upon us: and we shall be


Mildness is come upon us, etc. . .God's mildness corrects us; inasmuch

as he deals kindly with us, in shortening the days of this miserable

life; and so weaning our affections from all its transitory enjoyments,

and teaching us true wisdom.

89:11. Who knoweth the power of thy anger, and for thy fear

89:12. Can number thy wrath? So make thy right hand known: and men

learned in heart, in wisdom.

89:13. Return, O Lord, how long? and be entreated in favour of thy


89:14. We are filled in the morning with thy mercy: and we have

rejoiced, and are delighted all our days.

89:15. We have rejoiced for the days in which thou hast humbled us: for

the years in which we have seen evils.

89:16. Look upon thy servants and upon their works: and direct their


89:17. And let the brightness of the Lord our God be upon us: and

direct thou the works of our hands over us; yea, the work of our hands

do thou direct.

Chapter 90

Qui habitat.

The just is secure under the protection of God.

90:1. The praise of a canticle for David. He that dwelleth in the aid

of the most High, shall abide under the protection of the God of Jacob.

90:2. He shall say to the Lord: Thou art my protector, and my refuge:

my God, in him will I trust.

90:3. For he hath delivered me from the snare of the hunters: and from

the sharp word.

90:4. He will overshadow thee with his shoulders: and under his wings

thou shalt trust.

90:5. His truth shall compass thee with a shield: thou shalt not be

afraid of the terror of the night.

90:6. Of the arrow that flieth in the day, of the business that walketh

about in the dark: of invasion, or of the noonday devil.

90:7. A thousand shall fall at thy side, and ten thousand at thy right

hand: but it shall not come nigh thee.

90:8. But thou shalt consider with thy eyes: and shalt see the reward

of the wicked.

90:9. Because thou, O Lord, art my hope: thou hast made the most High

thy refuge.

90:10. There shall no evil come to thee: nor shall the scourge come

near thy dwelling.

90:11. For he hath given his angels charge over thee; to keep thee in

all thy ways.

90:12. In their hands they shall bear thee up: lest thou dash thy foot

against a stone.

90:13. Thou shalt walk upon the asp and the basilisk: and thou shalt

trample under foot the lion and the dragon.

90:14. Because he hoped in me I will deliver him: I will protect him

because he hath known my name.

90:15. He shall cry to me, and I will hear him: I am with him in

tribulation, I will deliver him, and I will glorify him.

90:16. I will fill him with length of days; and I will shew him my


Chapter 91

Bonum est confiteri.

God is to be praised for his wondrous works.

91:1. A psalm of a canticle on the sabbath day.

91:2. It is good to give praise to the Lord: and to sing to thy name, O

most High.

91:3. To shew forth thy mercy in the morning, and thy truth in the


91:4. Upon an instrument of ten strings, upon the psaltery: with a

canticle upon the harp.

91:5. For thou hast given me, O Lord, a delight in thy doings: and in

the works of thy hands I shall rejoice.

91:6. O Lord, how great are thy works! thy thoughts are exceeding deep.

91:7. The senseless man shall not know: nor will the fool understand

these things.

91:8. When the wicked shall spring up as grass: and all the workers of

iniquity shall appear: That they may perish for ever and ever:

91:9. But thou, O Lord, art most high for evermore.

91:10. For behold thy enemies, O lord, for behold thy enemies shall

perish: and all the workers of iniquity shall be scattered.

91:11. But my horn shall be exalted like that of the unicorn: and my

old age in plentiful mercy.

91:12. My eye also hath looked down upon my enemies: and my ear shall

hear of the downfall of the malignant that rise up against me.

91:13. The just shall flourish like the palm tree: he shall grow up

like the cedar of Libanus.

91:14. They that are planted in the house of the Lord shall flourish in

the courts of the house of our God.

91:15. They shall still increase in a fruitful old age: and shall be

well treated,

91:16. That they may shew, That the Lord our God is righteous, and

there is no iniquity in him.

Chapter 92

Dominus regnavit.

The glory and stability of the kingdom; that is, of the church of


Praise in the way of a canticle, for David himself, on the day before

the sabbath, when the earth was founded.

92:1. The Lord hath reigned, he is clothed with beauty: the Lord is

clothed with strength, and hath girded himself. For he hath established

the world which shall not be moved.

92:2. My throne is prepared from of old: thou art from everlasting.

92:3. The floods have lifted up, O Lord: the floods have lifted up

their voice. The floods have lifted up their waves,

92:4. With the noise of many waters. Wonderful are the surges of the

sea: wonderful is the Lord on high.

92:5. Thy testimonies are become exceedingly credible: holiness

becometh thy house, O Lord, unto length of days.

Chapter 93

Deus ultionum.