Table of Contents
The Book of Romans(Part Two)
The 9th Chapter
I Say the truth in Christ, and lie not, in that whereof my conscience bears me witness in the holy ghost that I have great heaviness and continual sorrow in my heart. For I have wished myself to be cursed from Christ, for my brethren and my kinsmen as pertaining to the flesh, which are the Israelites. To whom pertains the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the law that was given, and the service of God, and the promises: whose also are the fathers, and they of whom (as concerning the flesh) Christ came, which is God over all things blessed for ever. Amen.
I speak not these things as though the words of God had taken none effect. For they are not all Israelites which came of Israel: neither are they all children straight way because they are the seed of Abraham. But in Isaac shall your seed be called: that is to say, they which are the children of the flesh, are not the children of God. But the children of promise are counted the seed. For this is a word of promise, about this time will I come, and Sara shall have a son.
Neither was it to with her only: but also when Rebecca was with child by one, I mean by our father Isaac, yer (before) the children were born, when they had neither done good neither bad: that the purpose of God which is by election, might stand, it was said unto her, not by the reason of works, but by grace of the caller: the elder shall serve the younger. As it is written: Jacob he loved, but Esau he hated. What shall we say then? is there any unrighteousness with God? God forbid. For he says to Moses: I will show mercy to whom I show mercy: and will have compassion on whom I have compassion. So lies it not then in a mans will or cunning, but in the mercy of God. For the scripture says unto Pharaoh even for this same purpose have I stirred you up, to show my power on you, and that my name might be declared throughout all the world. So has he mercy on whom he will, and whom he will, he makes hard hearted.
You will say then unto me: why then blames he us yet? For who can resist his will? But O' man, what are you which dispute with God? Shall the work say to the workman: why have you made me on this fashion? Has not the potter power over the clay, even of the same lump to make one vessel unto honour, and another unto dishonour? Even so, God willing to show his wrath, and to make his power known, suffered with long patience the vessels of wrath, ordained to damnation, that he might declare the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, which he had prepared unto glory: that is to say, us which he called, not of the Jewes only, but also of the gentiles. As he says in Osee (Oseas, Hosea): I will call them my people which were not my people: and her beloved which was not beloved. And it shall come to pass in the place where it was said unto them, you are not my people: that there shall be called the children of the living God.
But Esaias crys concerning Israel, though the number of the children of Israel be as the sand of the sea, yet shall a remnant be saved. He finishes the work verily, and makes it short in righteousness. For a short word will God make on earth. And as Esaias said before: Except the Lord of Saboth had left us seed, we had been made as Zodoma (Sodom), and had been likened to Gomorra.
What shall we say then? We say that the gentiles which followed not righteousness have overtaken righteousness: I mean the righteousness which comes of faith. But Israel which followed the law of righteousness could not attain unto the law of righteousness. And wherefore? Because they sought it not by faith: but as it were by the works of the law. For they have stumbled at the stumbling stone. As it is written: Behold I put in Sion a stumbling stone, and a rock which shall make men fall. And none that believe on him, shall be ashamed.
The 10th Chapter
Brethren, my hearts desire and prayer to God for Israel is, that they might be saved. For I bear them record that they have a fervent mind to God ward, but not according to knowledge. For they are ignorant of the righteousness which is allowed before God, and go about to establish their own righteousness and therefore are not obedient unto the righteousness which is of value before God. For Christ is the end of the law, to justify all that believe.
Moses describes the righteousness which comes of the law, how that the man which does the things of the law, shall live therein. But the righteousness which comes of faith, speaks on this wise. Say not in your heart who shall ascend into heaven? (that is nothing else than to fetch Christ down). Or who shall descend into the deep? (that is nothing else but to fetch up Christ from death). But what says the scripture? The word is near you, even in your mouth and in your heart.
This word is the word of faith which we preach. For if you shall knowledge with your mouth that Jesus is the Lord, and shall believe with your heart that God raised him up from death, you shall be safe. For the belief of the heart justifies, and to knowledge with the mouth makes a man safe. For the scripture says: whosoever believes on him, shall not be ashamed.
There is no difference between the Jew and the Gentile. For one is Lord of all, which is rich unto all that call on him. For whosoever shall call on the name of the Lord, shall be safe. But how shall they call on him, on whom they believed not? how shall they believe on him of whom they have not heard? how shall they hear without a preacher? And how shall they preach except they be sent? As it is written: how beautiful are the feet of them which bring glad tidings of peace, and bring glad tidings of good things. But they have not all obeyed to the Gospell. For Esaias says: Lord who shall believe our sayings? So then faith comes by hearing, and hearing comes by the word of God. But I ask: have they not heard? No doubt, their sound went out into all lands: and their words into the ends of the world.
But I demand whether Israel did know or not? First Moses says: I will provoke you for to envy, by them that are no people, and by a foolish nation I will anger you. Esaias after that, is bold and says, I am found of them that sought me not, and have appeared to them that asked not after me. And against Israel he says: All day long have I stretched forth my hands unto a people that believes not, but speaks against me.
The 11th Chapter
I say then: has God cast away his people? God forbid. For even I verily am an Israelite, of the seed of Abraham, and of the tribe of Benjamin, God has not cast away his people which he knew before. Either wot (know) you not what the scripture says by the mouth of Helias (Elias), how he makes intercession to God against Israel, saying: Lord they have killed your Prophets and digged down your altars: and I am left only, and they seek my life. But what says the answer of God to him again? I have reserved unto me seven thousand men which have not bowed the knee to Baal. Even so at this time is there a remnant left through the election of grace. If it be of grace, then is it not of works. For then were grace no more grace. If it be of works, then is it no more grace. For then were deserving no longer deserving. What then? Israel has not obtained that he sought. No but yet the election has obtained it. The remnant are blinded, according as it is written: God has given them the spirit of unquietness: eyes that they should not see and ears that they should not hear even unto this day. And David says: Let their table be made a snare to take them with all, and an occasion to fall, and a reward unto them. Let their eyes be blinded that they see not: and even bow down their backs.
I say then: Have they therefore stumbled, that they should but fall only? God forbid: but through their fall is salvation happened unto the gentiles, for to provoke them with all. Wherefore if the fall of them, be the riches of the world: and the minishing of them the riches of the gentiles: How much more should it be so, if they all believed? I speak to you gentiles, in as much as I am the Apostle of the gentiles, I will magnify mine office, that might provoke them which are my flesh, and might save some of them. For if the casting away of them, be the reconciling of the world: what shall the receiving of them be, but life again from death? For if one piece be holy, the whole heap is holy. And if the root be holy, the branches are holy also.
Though some of the branches be broken off, and you being a wild olive tree, are graft in among them, and made partaker of the root and fatness of the olive tree, boast not yourself against the branches. For if you boast yourself, remember that you bear not the root, but the root you. You will say then: the branches are broken off, that I might be graft in. You say well: because of unbelief they are broken off, and you stand steadfast in faith. Be not high minded, but fear seeing that God spared not the natural branches, least haply he also spare not you.
Behold the kindness and rigorousness of God: on them which fell, rigorousness: but towards you, kindness, if you continue in his kindness. Or else you shall be hewn off, and they if they bide not still in unbelief, shall be grafted in again. For God is of power to graff (graft) them in again. For if you was cut out of a natural wild olive tree, and was graffed contrary to nature in a true olive tree: how much more shall the natural branches be graffed in their own olive tree again?
I would not that this secret should be hid from you my brethren (lest you should be wise in your own conceits) that partly blindness is happened in Israel, until the fullness of the gentiles be come in: and so all Israel shall be saved. As it is written: There shall come out of Sion he that does deliver, and shall turn away the ungodliness of Jacob. And this is my covenant unto them, when I shall take away their sins. As concerning the gospell they are enemies for your sakes: but as touching the election, they are loved for the fathers sakes.
For verily the gifts and calling of God are such, that it cannot repent him of them: for look, as you in time passed have not believed God, yet have now obtained mercy through their unbelief: even so now have they not believed the mercy which is happened unto you, that they also may obtain mercy. God has wrapped all nations in unbelief, that he might have mercy on all.
O' the deepness of the abundant wisdom and knowledge of God: how unsearchable are his judgements, and his ways past finding out. For who has known the mind of the Lord? Or who was his counsellor? other who has given unto him first, that he might be recompensed again? For of him, and through him, and for him are all things. To him be glory for ever Amen.
The 12th Chapter
I beseech you therefore brethren, by the mercifulness of God, that you make your bodies a quick sacrifice, holy and acceptable unto God: which is your reasonable serving of God and fashion not yourselves like unto this world: But be you changed in your shape, by the renewing of your wits that you may feel what thing that good, that acceptable, and perfect will of God is. For I say . (through the grace that unto me given is) to every man among you, that no man esteem of himself more than it becomes him to esteem: but that he discreetly judge of himself, according as God has dealt to every man the measure of faith.
As we have many members in one body, and all members have not one office: so we being many are one body in Christ, and every man (among ourselves) one anothers members.
Seeing that we have divers gifts according to the grace that is given unto us: if any man have the gift of prophecy, let him have it that it be agreeing unto the faith. Let him that has an office wait on his office. Let him that teaches, take heed to his doctrine. Let him that exhorts, give attendance to his exhortation. If any man give, let him do it with singleness. Let him that rules do it with diligence. If any man show mercy, let him do it with cheerfulness. Let love be without *dissimulation (disguised motives). Hate that which is evil, and cleave unto that which is good. Be kind unto another with brotherly love. In giving honour, go one before another. Let not that business which you have in hand, be tedious to you. Be fervent in the spirit. Apply your selves to the time. Rejoice in hope. Be patient in tribulation. Continue in prayer. Distribute unto the necessity of the saints and be ready to harbor. Bless them which persecute you: bless but curse not. Be merry with them that are merry. Weep with them that weep. Be of like affection one towards another. Be not high minded: but make your selves equal to them of the lower sort. Be not wise in your own opinions. Recompense to no man evil for evil. Provide before hand things honest in the sight of all men. If it be possible, how be it of your part, have peace with all men. Dearly beloved avenge not your selves, but give room unto the wrath of God. For it is written: vengeance is mine, and I will reward says the Lord.
Therefore if your enemy hunger, feed him, if he thirst, give him drink. For in so doing you shall heap coals of fire on his head. Be not overcome of evil: But overcome evil with goodness.
The 13th Chapter
Let every soul submit himself unto the authority of the higher powers. For there is no power but of God. The powers that be, are ordained of God. Whosoever therefore resists power, resists the ordinance of God. And they that resist, shall receive to themselves damnation. For rulers are not to be feared for good works, but for evil. Will you be without fear of the power? Do well then: and so shall you be praised of the same. For he is the minister of God, for your wealth. But and if you do evil, then fear: for he bears not a sword for nought but is the minister of God, to take vengeance on them that do evil. Wherefore you must needs obey, not for fear of vengeance only: but also because of conscience. And even for this cause pay you tribute. For they are Gods ministers, serving for the same purpose.
Give to every man therefore his duetie: Tribute to whom tribute belongs: Custom to whom custom is due: fear to whom fear belongs: Honour to whom honour pertains.
Owe nothing to any man: but to love one another. For he that loves another, fulfills the law. For these commandments: You shall not commit *advoutry: You shall not kill: You shall not steal: You shall not bear false witness: You shall not desire and so forth (if there be any other commandment), they are all comprehended in this saying: Love your neighbor as your self. Love hurts not his neighbor. Therefore is love the fulfilling of the law.*advoutry: prefix "a" meaning not or without, devout: devotion; plain hearted to God, being devoted to something or some one else. see James 2 for adultery
This also we know, I mean the season, how that it is time that we should now awake out of sleep. For now is our salvation nearer than when we believed. The night is passed and the day is come nigh. Let us therefore cast away the deeds of darkness, and let us put on the (Armour) of light. Let us walk honestly as it were in the daylight: not in eating and drinking: neither in chambering and wantonness, neither in strife and envying: but put you on the Lord Jesus Christ. And make not provision for the flesh, to fulfill the lusts of it.
The 14th Chapter
Him that is weak in the faith, receive unto you, not in disputing and troubling his conscience. One believes that he may eat all things. Another which is weak, eats herbs. Let not him that eats, despise him that eats not. And let not him which eats not, judge him that eats. For God has received him. What are you that judge another mans servant? Whether he stand or fall, that pertains unto his master: ye, he shall stand. For God is able to make him stand.
This man puts difference between day and day. Another man counts all days alike. See that no man waver in his own meaning. He that observes one day more than another, does it for the Lords pleasure. And he that observes not one day more than another, does it to please the lord also. He that eats, does it to please the lord, for he gives God thanks. And he that eats not, eats not, to please the Lord with all, and gives God thanks. For none of us lives his own servant: neither does any of us die his own servant. If we live, we live to be at the Lords will. And if we die we die at the Lords will. Whether we live therefore or die we are the Lords. For Christ therefore died and rose again, and revived that he might be Lord both of dead and quick.
But why do you then judge your brother? Other why do you despise your brother? We shall all be brought before the judgement seat of Christ. For it is written: as truly as I live says the Lord, all knees shall bow to me, and all tongues shall give a knowledge to God. So shall every one of us give accounts of himself to God. Let us not therefore judge one another any more.
But judge this rather, that no man put a stumbling block or an occasion to fall in his brothers way. For I know and am full certified in the Lord Jesus that there is nothing common of itself: but unto him that judges it to be common: to him it is common. If your brother be grieved with your meat, now walk you not charitably. Destroy not him with your meat, for whom Christ died. Cause not your treasure to be evil spoken of. For the kingdom of God is not meat and drink: but righteousness, peace and joy in the holy ghost. For whosoever in these things serves Christ pleases well God, and is commended of men.
Let us follow those things which make for peace, and things wherewith one may edify another. Destroy not the work of God for a little meats sake. All things are pure: but it is evil for that man, which eats with hurt of his conscience. It is good neither to eat flesh, neither to drink wine, neither any thing, whereby your brother stumbles, either falls, or is made weak. have you faith? have it with your self before God. Happy is he that condemns not himself in that thing which he allows. For he that makes conscience, is damned if he eat: because he does it not of faith. For whatsoever is not of faith, that same is sin.
The 15th Chapter
We which are strong, ought to bear the frailness of them which are weak, and not to stand in our own conceits. Let every man please his neighbor unto his wealth and edifying. For Christ pleased not himself: but as it is written. The rebukes of them which rebuked you, fell on me. Whatsoever things are written before time, are written for our learning, that we through patience and comfort of the scripture, might have hope.
The God of patience and consolation, give unto every one of you, that you be like minded one towards another after the example of Christ *Jesu: that you all agreeing together, may with one mouth praise God the father of our Lord Jesus. Wherefore receive you one another as Christ received us, to the praise of God. And I say that Jesus Christ was a minister of the circumcision for the truth of God, to confirm the promises made unto the fathers. And let the gentiles praise God for his mercy, as it is written: For this cause I will praise you among the gentiles, and sing in your name. And again he says: rejoice you gentiles with his people. And again, praise the Lord all you gentiles, and laud him all nations. And in another place Esaias says: there shall be the root of Jesse, and he that shall rise to reign over the gentiles: in him shall the gentiles trust. The God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing: that you may be rich in hope through the power of the holy ghost.*Jesu: Jesus from the Hebrew
I myself am full certified of you my brethren, that you yourselves are full of goodness and filled with all knowledge, and are able to exhort one another. Nevertheless brethren I have somewhat boldly written unto you, as one that puts you in remembrance, through the grace that is given me of God, that I should be the minister of *Jesu Christ among the Gentiles, and should minister the glad tidings of God, that the gentiles might be an acceptable offering sanctified by the holy ghost. I have therefore whereof I may rejoice in Christ *Jesu, in those things which pertain to God. For I dare not speak of any of those things which Christ has not wrought by me, to make the Gentiles obedient, with word and deed, in mighty signs and wonders, by the power of the spirit of God: so that from Jerusalem and the coast round about unto Illyricum, I have filled all countries with glad tidings of Christ.
So have I enforced myself to preach the Gospell, not where Christ was named, least I should have built on another mans foundation: but as it is written: To whom he was not spoken of, they shall see: and they that heard not, shall understand. For this cause I have been often let to come unto you: but now seeing I have no more to do in these countries, and also have been desirous many years to come unto you, when I shall take my journey into spaine (Spain), I will come to you. I trust to see you in my journey, and to be brought on my way towards over there by you, after that I have somewhat enjoyed you.
Now go I unto Jerusalem, and minister unto the saints. For it has pleased them of Macedonia and Achaia to make a certain distribution upon the poor saints which are at Jerusalem. It has pleased them verily, and their debtors are they. For if the Gentiles be made partakers of their spiritual things, their duty is to minister unto them in carnal things. When I have performed this, and have brought them this fruit sealed. I will come back again by you into Spaine. And I am sure when I come, that I shall come with abundance of the blessing of the Gospell of Christ. I beseech you brethren for our Lord Jesus Christs sake, and for the love of the spirit, that you help me in my business with your prayers to God for me, that I may be delivered from them which believe not in Jewry and that this my service, which I have to Jerusalem, may be accepted of the saints, that I may come unto you with joy, by the will of God, and may with you be refreshed. The God of peace be with you. Amen.
The 16th Chapter
I commend unto you Phebe our sister (which is a minister of the congregation of Cenchrea) that you receive her in the Lord as it becomes saints, and that you assist her in what soever business she needs of your aid. For she has succoured many, and mine own self. Greet Prisca and Aquila my helpers in Christ *Jesu, which have for my life laid down their own necks. Unto which not I only give thanks, but also the congregation of the Gentiles. Likewise greet the congregation that is in their house. Salute my well beloved Epenetes, which is the first fruit among them of Achaia. Greet Mary which bestowed much labour on us. Salute Andronicus and Junia my cousins, which were prisoners with me also, which are well taken among the Apostles, and were in Christ before me. Greet Amplias my beloved in the Lord. Salute Urban our helper in Christ, and Stachys my beloved. Salute Apells approved in Christ. Salute them which are of Aristobolus household. Salute Herodion my kinsman. Greet them of the household of Narcissus which are in the Lord. Salute Tryphena and Tryphosa, which women did labour in the Lord. Salute the beloved Persis, which laboured much in the Lord. Salute Rufus chosen in the Lord, and his mother and mine. Greet Asineritus, Phlegon, Herman, Patrobas, Hermen, and the brethren which are with them. Salute Philologus and Julia, Nereus and his sister, and Olimpha, and all the saints which are with them. Salute one another with an holy kiss. The congregations of Christ salute you. *Jesu: Jesus from the Hebrew
I beseech you brethren, mark them which cause division and give occasions of evil, contrary to the doctrine which you have learned: and avoid them. For they that are such, serve not the Lord Jesus Christ: but their own bellies, and with sweet preachings and flattering word deceive the hearts of the innocents. For your obedience extends to all men. I am glad no doubt of you. But yet I would have you wise unto that which is good, and to be innocent as concerning
evil. The God of peace tread Satan under your feet shortly. The grace of our Lord Jesu Christ be with you.
Timotheus my workfellow, and Lucius and Jason and Sopater my kinsmen, salute you, I Tertius salute you, which wrote this epistle in the Lord. Gaius mine host and the host of all the congregations, salutes you. Erastus the chamberlain of the city salutes you. And Quartus a brother salutes you. The grace of our Lord *Jesu Christ be with you all. Amen.
To him that is of power to establish you according to my gospell and preaching of Jesus Christ in uttering of the mystery which was kept secret since the world began, but now is opened by the scriptures of prophecy, at the commandment of the everlasting God, to stir up obedience to the faith, published among all nations: To the same God, which alone is wise, be praise through Jesus Christ for ever. Amen.*Jesu: Jesus from the Hebrew
To the Romans. Sent from Corinth by Phebe, she that was the minister unto the congregation at Cenchrea.
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