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Job English Standard Version (ESV)
Job's Character and Wealth
1There was a man in the land of Uz whose name was Job, and that man was blameless and upright, one who feared God and turned away from evil. 2There were born to him seven sons and three daughters. 3He possessed 7,000 sheep, 3,000 camels, 500 yoke of oxen, and 500 female donkeys, and very many servants, so that this man was the greatest of all the people of the east. 4His sons used to go and hold a feast in the house of each one on his day, and they would send and invite their three sisters to eat and drink with them. 5And when the days of the feast had run their course, Job would send and consecrate them, and he would rise early in the morning and offer burnt offerings according to the number of them all. For Job said, "It may be that my children have sinned, and cursed God in their hearts." Thus Job did continually.
Satan Allowed to Test Job
6Now there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan also came among them. 7The LORD said to Satan, "From where have you come?" Satan answered the LORD and said, "From going to and fro on the earth, and from walking up and down on it." 8And the LORD said to Satan, "Have you considered my servant Job, that there is none like him on the earth, a blameless and upright man, who fears God and turns away from evil?" 9Then Satan answered the LORD and said, "Does Job fear God for no reason? 10Have you not put a hedge around him and his house and all that he has, on every side? You have blessed the work of his hands, and his possessions have increased in the land. 11But stretch out your hand and touch all that he has, and he will curse you to your face." 12And the LORD said to Satan, "Behold, all that he has is in your hand. Only against him do not stretch out your hand." So Satan went out from the presence of the LORD.
Satan Takes Job's Property and Children
13Now there was a day when his sons and daughters were eating and drinking wine in their oldest brother's house, 14and there came a messenger to Job and said, "The oxen were plowing and the donkeys feeding beside them, 15and the Sabeans fell upon them and took them and struck down the servants with the edge of the sword, and I alone have escaped to tell you." 16While he was yet speaking, there came another and said, "The fire of God fell from heaven and burned up the sheep and the servants and consumed them, and I alone have escaped to tell you." 17While he was yet speaking, there came another and said, "The Chaldeans formed three groups and made a raid on the camels and took them and struck down the servants with the edge of the sword, and I alone have escaped to tell you." 18While he was yet speaking, there came another and said, "Your sons and daughters were eating and drinking wine in their oldest brother's house, 19and behold, a great wind came across the wilderness and struck the four corners of the house, and it fell upon the young people, and they are dead, and I alone have escaped to tell you."
20Then Job arose and tore his robe and shaved his head and fell on the ground and worshiped. 21And he said, "Naked I came from my mother's womb, and naked shall I return. The LORD gave, and the LORD has taken away; blessed be the name of the LORD."
22In all this Job did not sin or charge God with wrong.
Satan Attacks Job's Health
1Again there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan also came among them to present himself before the LORD. 2And the LORD said to Satan, "From where have you come?" Satan answered the LORD and said, "From going to and fro on the earth, and from walking up and down on it." 3And the LORD said to Satan, "Have you considered my servant Job, that there is none like him on the earth, a blameless and upright man, who fears God and turns away from evil? He still holds fast his integrity, although you incited me against him to destroy him without reason." 4Then Satan answered the LORD and said, "Skin for skin! All that a man has he will give for his life. 5But stretch out your hand and touch his bone and his flesh, and he will curse you to your face." 6And the LORD said to Satan, "Behold, he is in your hand; only spare his life."
7So Satan went out from the presence of the LORD and struck Job with loathsome sores from the sole of his foot to the crown of his head. 8And he took a piece of broken pottery with which to scrape himself while he sat in the ashes.
9Then his wife said to him, "Do you still hold fast your integrity? Curse God and die." 10But he said to her, "You speak as one of the foolish women would speak. Shall we receive good from God, and shall we not receive evil?" In all this Job did not sin with his lips.
Job's Three Friends
11Now when Job's three friends heard of all this evil that had come upon him, they came each from his own place, Eliphaz the Temanite, Bildad the Shuhite, and Zophar the Naamathite. They made an appointment together to come to show him sympathy and comfort him. 12And when they saw him from a distance, they did not recognize him. And they raised their voices and wept, and they tore their robes and sprinkled dust on their heads toward heaven. 13And they sat with him on the ground seven days and seven nights, and no one spoke a word to him, for they saw that his suffering was very great.
Job Laments His Birth
1After this Job opened his mouth and cursed the day of his birth. 2And Job said:
3"Let the day perish on which I was born,
and the night that said,
'A man is conceived.'
4Let that day be darkness!
May God above not seek it,
nor light shine upon it.
5Let gloom and deep darkness claim it.
Let clouds dwell upon it;
let the blackness of the day terrify it.
6That night--let thick darkness seize it!
Let it not rejoice among the days of the year;
let it not come into the number of the months.
7Behold, let that night be barren;
let no joyful cry enter it.
8Let those curse it who curse the day,
who are ready to rouse up Leviathan.
9Let the stars of its dawn be dark;
let it hope for light, but have none,
nor see the eyelids of the morning,
10because it did not shut the doors of my mother's womb,
nor hide trouble from my eyes.
11"Why did I not die at birth,
come out from the womb and expire?
12Why did the knees receive me?
Or why the breasts, that I should nurse?
13For then I would have lain down and been quiet;
I would have slept; then I would have been at rest,
14with kings and counselors of the earth
who rebuilt ruins for themselves,
15or with princes who had gold,
who filled their houses with silver.
16Or why was I not as a hidden stillborn child,
as infants who never see the light?
17There the wicked cease from troubling,
and there the weary are at rest.
18There the prisoners are at ease together;
they hear not the voice of the taskmaster.
19The small and the great are there,
and the slave is free from his master.
20"Why is light given to him who is in misery,
and life to the bitter in soul,
21who long for death, but it comes not,
and dig for it more than for hidden treasures,
22who rejoice exceedingly
and are glad when they find the grave?
23Why is light given to a man whose way is hidden,
whom God has hedged in?
24For my sighing comes instead of my bread,
and my groanings are poured out like water.
25For the thing that I fear comes upon me,
and what I dread befalls me.
26I am not at ease, nor am I quiet;
I have no rest, but trouble comes."
Eliphaz Speaks: The Innocent Prosper
1Then Eliphaz the Temanite answered and said:
2"If one ventures a word with you, will you be impatient?
Yet who can keep from speaking?
3Behold, you have instructed many,
and you have strengthened the weak hands.
4Your words have upheld him who was stumbling,
and you have made firm the feeble knees.
5But now it has come to you, and you are impatient;
it touches you, and you are dismayed.
6Is not your fear of God your confidence,
and the integrity of your ways your hope?
7"Remember: who that was innocent ever perished?
Or where were the upright cut off?
8As I have seen, those who plow iniquity
and sow trouble reap the same.
9By the breath of God they perish,
and by the blast of his anger they are consumed.
10The roar of the lion, the voice of the fierce lion,
the teeth of the young lions are broken.
11The strong lion perishes for lack of prey,
and the cubs of the lioness are scattered.
12"Now a word was brought to me stealthily;
my ear received the whisper of it.
13Amid thoughts from visions of the night,
when deep sleep falls on men,
14dread came upon me, and trembling,
which made all my bones shake.
15A spirit glided past my face;
the hair of my flesh stood up.
16It stood still,
but I could not discern its appearance.
A form was before my eyes;
there was silence, then I heard a voice:
17'Can mortal man be in the right before God?
Can a man be pure before his Maker?
18Even in his servants he puts no trust,
and his angels he charges with error;
19how much more those who dwell in houses of clay,
whose foundation is in the dust,
who are crushed like the moth.
20Between morning and evening they are beaten to pieces;
they perish forever without anyone regarding it.
21Is not their tent-cord plucked up within them,
do they not die, and that without wisdom?'
1"Call now; is there anyone who will answer you?
To which of the holy ones will you turn?
2Surely vexation kills the fool,
and jealousy slays the simple.
3I have seen the fool taking root,
but suddenly I cursed his dwelling.
4His children are far from safety;
they are crushed in the gate,
and there is no one to deliver them.
5The hungry eat his harvest,
and he takes it even out of thorns,
and the thirsty pant after his wealth.
6For affliction does not come from the dust,
nor does trouble sprout from the ground,
7but man is born to trouble
as the sparks fly upward.
8"As for me, I would seek God,
and to God would I commit my cause,
9who does great things and unsearchable,
marvelous things without number:
10he gives rain on the earth
and sends waters on the fields;
11he sets on high those who are lowly,
and those who mourn are lifted to safety.
12He frustrates the devices of the crafty,
so that their hands achieve no success.
13He catches the wise in their own craftiness,
and the schemes of the wily are brought to a quick end.
14They meet with darkness in the daytime
and grope at noonday as in the night.
15But he saves the needy from the sword of their mouth
and from the hand of the mighty.
16So the poor have hope,
and injustice shuts her mouth.
17"Behold, blessed is the one whom God reproves;
therefore despise not the discipline of the Almighty.
18For he wounds, but he binds up;
he shatters, but his hands heal.
19He will deliver you from six troubles;
in seven no evil shall touch you.
20In famine he will redeem you from death,
and in war from the power of the sword.
21You shall be hidden from the lash of the tongue,
and shall not fear destruction when it comes.
22At destruction and famine you shall laugh,
and shall not fear the beasts of the earth.
23For you shall be in league with the stones of the field,
and the beasts of the field shall be at peace with you.
24You shall know that your tent is at peace,
and you shall inspect your fold and miss nothing.
25You shall know also that your offspring shall be many,
and your descendants as the grass of the earth.
26You shall come to your grave in ripe old age,
like a sheaf gathered up in its season.
27Behold, this we have searched out; it is true.
Hear, and know it for your good."
Job Replies: My Complaint Is Just
1Then Job answered and said:
2"Oh that my vexation were weighed,
and all my calamity laid in the balances!
3For then it would be heavier than the sand of the sea;
therefore my words have been rash.
4For the arrows of the Almighty are in me;
my spirit drinks their poison;
the terrors of God are arrayed against me.
5Does the wild donkey bray when he has grass,
or the ox low over his fodder?
6Can that which is tasteless be eaten without salt,
or is there any taste in the juice of the mallow?
7My appetite refuses to touch them;
they are as food that is loathsome to me.
8"Oh that I might have my request,
and that God would fulfill my hope,
9that it would please God to crush me,
that he would let loose his hand and cut me off!
10This would be my comfort;
I would even exult in pain unsparing,
for I have not denied the words of the Holy One.
11What is my strength, that I should wait?
And what is my end, that I should be patient?
12Is my strength the strength of stones, or is my flesh bronze?
13Have I any help in me,
when resource is driven from me?
14"He who withholds kindness from a friend
forsakes the fear of the Almighty.
15My brothers are treacherous as a torrent-bed,
as torrential streams that pass away,
16which are dark with ice,
and where the snow hides itself.
17When they melt, they disappear;
when it is hot, they vanish from their place.
18The caravans turn aside from their course;
they go up into the waste and perish.
19The caravans of Tema look,
the travelers of Sheba hope.
20They are ashamed because they were confident;
they come there and are disappointed.
21For you have now become nothing;
you see my calamity and are afraid.
22Have I said, 'Make me a gift'?
Or, 'From your wealth offer a bribe for me'?
23Or, 'Deliver me from the adversary's hand'?
Or, 'Redeem me from the hand of the ruthless'?
24"Teach me, and I will be silent;
make me understand how I have gone astray.
25How forceful are upright words!
But what does reproof from you reprove?
26Do you think that you can reprove words,
when the speech of a despairing man is wind?
27You would even cast lots over the fatherless,
and bargain over your friend.
28"But now, be pleased to look at me,
for I will not lie to your face.
29Please turn; let no injustice be done.
Turn now; my vindication is at stake.
30Is there any injustice on my tongue?
Cannot my palate discern the cause of calamity?
Job Continues: My Life Has No Hope
1"Has not man a hard service on earth,
and are not his days like the days of a hired hand?
2Like a slave who longs for the shadow,
and like a hired hand who looks for his wages,
3so I am allotted months of emptiness,
and nights of misery are apportioned to me.
4When I lie down I say, 'When shall I arise?'
But the night is long,
and I am full of tossing till the dawn.
5My flesh is clothed with worms and dirt;
my skin hardens, then breaks out afresh.
6My days are swifter than a weaver's shuttle
and come to their end without hope.
7"Remember that my life is a breath;
my eye will never again see good.
8The eye of him who sees me will behold me no more;
while your eyes are on me, I shall be gone.
9As the cloud fades and vanishes,
so he who goes down to Sheol does not come up;
10he returns no more to his house,
nor does his place know him anymore.
11"Therefore I will not restrain my mouth;
I will speak in the anguish of my spirit;
I will complain in the bitterness of my soul.
12Am I the sea, or a sea monster,
that you set a guard over me?
13When I say, 'My bed will comfort me,
my couch will ease my complaint,'
14then you scare me with dreams
and terrify me with visions,
15so that I would choose strangling
and death rather than my bones.
16I loathe my life; I would not live forever.
Leave me alone, for my days are a breath.
17What is man, that you make so much of him,
and that you set your heart on him,
18visit him every morning
and test him every moment?
19How long will you not look away from me,
nor leave me alone till I swallow my spit?
20If I sin, what do I do to you, you watcher of mankind?
Why have you made me your mark?
Why have I become a burden to you?
21Why do you not pardon my transgression
and take away my iniquity?
For now I shall lie in the earth;
you will seek me, but I shall not be."
Bildad Speaks: Job Should Repent
1Then Bildad the Shuhite answered and said:
2"How long will you say these things,
and the words of your mouth be a great wind?
3Does God pervert justice?
Or does the Almighty pervert the right?
4If your children have sinned against him,
he has delivered them into the hand of their transgression.
5If you will seek God
and plead with the Almighty for mercy,
6if you are pure and upright,
surely then he will rouse himself for you
and restore your rightful habitation.
7And though your beginning was small,
your latter days will be very great.
8"For inquire, please, of bygone ages,
and consider what the fathers have searched out.
9For we are but of yesterday and know nothing,
for our days on earth are a shadow.
10Will they not teach you and tell you
and utter words out of their understanding?
11"Can papyrus grow where there is no marsh?
Can reeds flourish where there is no water?
12While yet in flower and not cut down,
they wither before any other plant.
13Such are the paths of all who forget God;
the hope of the godless shall perish.
14His confidence is severed,
and his trust is a spider's web.
15He leans against his house, but it does not stand;
he lays hold of it, but it does not endure.
16He is a lush plant before the sun,
and his shoots spread over his garden.
17His roots entwine the stone heap;
he looks upon a house of stones.
18If he is destroyed from his place,
then it will deny him, saying, 'I have never seen you.'
19Behold, this is the joy of his way,
and out of the soil others will spring.
20"Behold, God will not reject a blameless man,
nor take the hand of evildoers.
21He will yet fill your mouth with laughter,
and your lips with shouting.
22Those who hate you will be clothed with shame,
and the tent of the wicked will be no more."
Job Replies: There Is No Arbiter
1Then Job answered and said:
2"Truly I know that it is so:
But how can a man be in the right before God?
3If one wished to contend with him,
one could not answer him once in a thousand times.
4He is wise in heart and mighty in strength
--who has hardened himself against him, and succeeded?--
5he who removes mountains, and they know it not,
when he overturns them in his anger,
6who shakes the earth out of its place,
and its pillars tremble;
7who commands the sun, and it does not rise;
who seals up the stars;
8who alone stretched out the heavens
and trampled the waves of the sea;
9who made the Bear and Orion,
the Pleiades and the chambers of the south;
10who does great things beyond searching out,
and marvelous things beyond number.
11Behold, he passes by me, and I see him not;
he moves on, but I do not perceive him.
12Behold, he snatches away; who can turn him back?
Who will say to him, 'What are you doing?'
13"God will not turn back his anger;
beneath him bowed the helpers of Rahab.
14How then can I answer him,
choosing my words with him?
15Though I am in the right, I cannot answer him;
I must appeal for mercy to my accuser.
16If I summoned him and he answered me,
I would not believe that he was listening to my voice.
17For he crushes me with a tempest
and multiplies my wounds without cause;
18he will not let me get my breath,
but fills me with bitterness.
19If it is a contest of strength, behold, he is mighty!
If it is a matter of justice, who can summon him?
20Though I am in the right, my own mouth would condemn me;
though I am blameless, he would prove me perverse.
21I am blameless; I regard not myself;
I loathe my life.
22It is all one; therefore I say,
He destroys both the blameless and the wicked.
23When disaster brings sudden death,
he mocks at the calamity of the innocent.
24The earth is given into the hand of the wicked;
he covers the faces of its judges--
if it is not he, who then is it?
25"My days are swifter than a runner;
they flee away; they see no good.
26They go by like skiffs of reed,
like an eagle swooping on the prey.
27If I say, 'I will forget my complaint,
I will put off my sad face, and be of good cheer,'
28I become afraid of all my suffering,
for I know you will not hold me innocent.
29I shall be condemned;
why then do I labor in vain?
30If I wash myself with snow
and cleanse my hands with lye,
31yet you will plunge me into a pit,
and my own clothes will abhor me.
32For he is not a man, as I am, that I might answer him,
that we should come to trial together.
33There is no arbiter between us,
who might lay his hand on us both.
34Let him take his rod away from me,
and let not dread of him terrify me.
35Then I would speak without fear of him,
for I am not so in myself.
Job Continues: A Plea to God
1"I loathe my life;
I will give free utterance to my complaint;
I will speak in the bitterness of my soul.
2I will say to God, Do not condemn me;
let me know why you contend against me.
3Does it seem good to you to oppress,
to despise the work of your hands
and favor the designs of the wicked?
4Have you eyes of flesh?
Do you see as man sees?
5Are your days as the days of man,
or your years as a man's years,
6that you seek out my iniquity
and search for my sin,
7although you know that I am not guilty,
and there is none to deliver out of your hand?
8Your hands fashioned and made me,
and now you have destroyed me altogether.
9Remember that you have made me like clay;
and will you return me to the dust?
10Did you not pour me out like milk
and curdle me like cheese?
11You clothed me with skin and flesh,
and knit me together with bones and sinews.
12You have granted me life and steadfast love,
and your care has preserved my spirit.
13Yet these things you hid in your heart;
I know that this was your purpose.
14If I sin, you watch me
and do not acquit me of my iniquity.
15If I am guilty, woe to me!
If I am in the right, I cannot lift up my head,
for I am filled with disgrace
and look on my affliction.
16And were my head lifted up, you would hunt me like a lion
and again work wonders against me.
17You renew your witnesses against me
and increase your vexation toward me;
you bring fresh troops against me.
18"Why did you bring me out from the womb?
Would that I had died before any eye had seen me
19and were as though I had not been,
carried from the womb to the grave.
20Are not my days few?
Then cease, and leave me alone, that I may find a little cheer
21before I go--and I shall not return--
to the land of darkness and deep shadow,
22the land of gloom like thick darkness,
like deep shadow without any order,
where light is as thick darkness."
Zophar Speaks: You Deserve Worse
1Then Zophar the Naamathite answered and said:
2"Should a multitude of words go unanswered,
and a man full of talk be judged right?
3Should your babble silence men,
and when you mock, shall no one shame you?
4For you say, 'My doctrine is pure,
and I am clean in God's eyes.'
5But oh, that God would speak
and open his lips to you,
6and that he would tell you the secrets of wisdom!
For he is manifold in understanding.
Know then that God exacts of you less than your guilt deserves.
7"Can you find out the deep things of God?
Can you find out the limit of the Almighty?
8It is higher than heaven--what can you do?
Deeper than Sheol--what can you know?
9Its measure is longer than the earth
and broader than the sea.
10If he passes through and imprisons
and summons the court, who can turn him back?
11For he knows worthless men;
when he sees iniquity, will he not consider it?
12But a stupid man will get understanding
when a wild donkey's colt is born a man!
13"If you prepare your heart,
you will stretch out your hands toward him.
14If iniquity is in your hand, put it far away,
and let not injustice dwell in your tents.
15Surely then you will lift up your face without blemish;
you will be secure and will not fear.
16You will forget your misery;
you will remember it as waters that have passed away.
17And your life will be brighter than the noonday;
its darkness will be like the morning.
18And you will feel secure, because there is hope;
you will look around and take your rest in security.
19You will lie down, and none will make you afraid;
many will court your favor.
20But the eyes of the wicked will fail;
all way of escape will be lost to them,
and their hope is to breathe their last."
Job Replies: The LORD Has Done This
1Then Job answered and said:
2"No doubt you are the people,
and wisdom will die with you.
3But I have understanding as well as you;
I am not inferior to you.
Who does not know such things as these?
4I am a laughingstock to my friends;
I, who called to God and he answered me,
a just and blameless man, am a laughingstock.
5In the thought of one who is at ease there is contempt for misfortune;
it is ready for those whose feet slip.
6The tents of robbers are at peace,
and those who provoke God are secure,
who bring their god in their hand.
7"But ask the beasts, and they will teach you;
the birds of the heavens, and they will tell you;
8or the bushes of the earth, and they will teach you;
and the fish of the sea will declare to you.
9Who among all these does not know
that the hand of the LORD has done this?
10In his hand is the life of every living thing
and the breath of all mankind.
11Does not the ear test words
as the palate tastes food?
12Wisdom is with the aged,
and understanding in length of days.
13"With God are wisdom and might;
he has counsel and understanding.
14If he tears down, none can rebuild;
if he shuts a man in, none can open.
15If he withholds the waters, they dry up;
if he sends them out, they overwhelm the land.
16With him are strength and sound wisdom;
the deceived and the deceiver are his.
17He leads counselors away stripped,
and judges he makes fools.
18He looses the bonds of kings
and binds a waistcloth on their hips.
19He leads priests away stripped
and overthrows the mighty.
20He deprives of speech those who are trusted
and takes away the discernment of the elders.
21He pours contempt on princes
and loosens the belt of the strong.
22He uncovers the deeps out of darkness
and brings deep darkness to light.
23He makes nations great, and he destroys them;
he enlarges nations, and leads them away.
24He takes away understanding from the chiefs of the people of the earth
and makes them wander in a pathless waste.
25They grope in the dark without light,
and he makes them stagger like a drunken man.
Job Continues: Still I Will Hope in God
1"Behold, my eye has seen all this,
my ear has heard and understood it.
2What you know, I also know;
I am not inferior to you.
3But I would speak to the Almighty,
and I desire to argue my case with God.
4As for you, you whitewash with lies;
worthless physicians are you all.
5Oh that you would keep silent,
and it would be your wisdom!
6Hear now my argument
and listen to the pleadings of my lips.
7Will you speak falsely for God
and speak deceitfully for him?
8Will you show partiality toward him?
Will you plead the case for God?
9Will it be well with you when he searches you out?
Or can you deceive him, as one deceives a man?
10He will surely rebuke you
if in secret you show partiality.
11Will not his majesty terrify you,
and the dread of him fall upon you?
12Your maxims are proverbs of ashes;
your defenses are defenses of clay.
13"Let me have silence, and I will speak,
and let come on me what may.
14Why should I take my flesh in my teeth
and put my life in my hand?
15Though he slay me, I will hope in him;
yet I will argue my ways to his face.
16This will be my salvation,
that the godless shall not come before him.
17Keep listening to my words,
and let my declaration be in your ears.
18Behold, I have prepared my case;
I know that I shall be in the right.
19Who is there who will contend with me?
For then I would be silent and die.
20Only grant me two things,
then I will not hide myself from your face:
21withdraw your hand far from me,
and let not dread of you terrify me.
22Then call, and I will answer;
or let me speak, and you reply to me.
23How many are my iniquities and my sins?
Make me know my transgression and my sin.
24Why do you hide your face
and count me as your enemy?
25Will you frighten a driven leaf
and pursue dry chaff?
26For you write bitter things against me
and make me inherit the iniquities of my youth.
27You put my feet in the stocks
and watch all my paths;
you set a limit for the soles of my feet.
28Man wastes away like a rotten thing,
like a garment that is moth-eaten.
Job Continues: Death Comes Soon to All
1"Man who is born of a woman
is few of days and full of trouble.
2He comes out like a flower and withers;
he flees like a shadow and continues not.
3And do you open your eyes on such a one
and bring me into judgment with you?
4Who can bring a clean thing out of an unclean?
There is not one.
5Since his days are determined,
and the number of his months is with you,
and you have appointed his limits that he cannot pass,
6look away from him and leave him alone,
that he may enjoy, like a hired hand, his day.
7"For there is hope for a tree,
if it be cut down, that it will sprout again,
and that its shoots will not cease.
8Though its root grow old in the earth,
and its stump die in the soil,
9yet at the scent of water it will bud
and put out branches like a young plant.
10But a man dies and is laid low;
man breathes his last, and where is he?
11As waters fail from a lake
and a river wastes away and dries up,
12so a man lies down and rises not again;
till the heavens are no more he will not awake
or be roused out of his sleep.
13Oh that you would hide me in Sheol,
that you would conceal me until your wrath be past,
that you would appoint me a set time, and remember me!
14If a man dies, shall he live again?
All the days of my service I would wait,
till my renewal should come.
15You would call, and I would answer you;
you would long for the work of your hands.
16For then you would number my steps;
you would not keep watch over my sin;
17my transgression would be sealed up in a bag,
and you would cover over my iniquity.
18"But the mountain falls and crumbles away,
and the rock is removed from its place;
19the waters wear away the stones;
the torrents wash away the soil of the earth;
so you destroy the hope of man.
20You prevail forever against him, and he passes;
you change his countenance, and send him away.
21His sons come to honor, and he does not know it;
they are brought low, and he perceives it not.
22He feels only the pain of his own body,
and he mourns only for himself."
Eliphaz Accuses: Job Does Not Fear God
1Then Eliphaz the Temanite answered and said:
2"Should a wise man answer with windy knowledge,
and fill his belly with the east wind?
3Should he argue in unprofitable talk,
or in words with which he can do no good?
4But you are doing away with the fear of God
and hindering meditation before God.
5For your iniquity teaches your mouth,
and you choose the tongue of the crafty.
6Your own mouth condemns you, and not I;
your own lips testify against you.
7"Are you the first man who was born?
Or were you brought forth before the hills?
8Have you listened in the council of God?
And do you limit wisdom to yourself?
9What do you know that we do not know?
What do you understand that is not clear to us?
10Both the gray-haired and the aged are among us,
older than your father.
11Are the comforts of God too small for you,
or the word that deals gently with you?
12Why does your heart carry you away,
and why do your eyes flash,
13that you turn your spirit against God
and bring such words out of your mouth?
14What is man, that he can be pure?
Or he who is born of a woman, that he can be righteous?
15Behold, God puts no trust in his holy ones,
and the heavens are not pure in his sight;
16how much less one who is abominable and corrupt,
a man who drinks injustice like water!
17"I will show you; hear me,
and what I have seen I will declare
18(what wise men have told,
without hiding it from their fathers,
19to whom alone the land was given,
and no stranger passed among them).
20The wicked man writhes in pain all his days,
through all the years that are laid up for the ruthless.
21Dreadful sounds are in his ears;
in prosperity the destroyer will come upon him.
22He does not believe that he will return out of darkness,
and he is marked for the sword.
23He wanders abroad for bread, saying, 'Where is it?'
He knows that a day of darkness is ready at his hand;
24distress and anguish terrify him;
they prevail against him, like a king ready for battle.
25Because he has stretched out his hand against God
and defies the Almighty,
26running stubbornly against him
with a thickly bossed shield;
27because he has covered his face with his fat
and gathered fat upon his waist
28and has lived in desolate cities,
in houses that none should inhabit,
which were ready to become heaps of ruins;
29he will not be rich, and his wealth will not endure,
nor will his possessions spread over the earth;
30he will not depart from darkness;
the flame will dry up his shoots,
and by the breath of his mouth he will depart.
31Let him not trust in emptiness, deceiving himself,
for emptiness will be his payment.
32It will be paid in full before his time,
and his branch will not be green.
33He will shake off his unripe grape like the vine,
and cast off his blossom like the olive tree.
34For the company of the godless is barren,
and fire consumes the tents of bribery.
35They conceive trouble and give birth to evil,
and their womb prepares deceit."
Job Replies: Miserable Comforters Are You
1Then Job answered and said:
2"I have heard many such things;
miserable comforters are you all.
3Shall windy words have an end?
Or what provokes you that you answer?
4I also could speak as you do,
if you were in my place;
I could join words together against you
and shake my head at you.
5I could strengthen you with my mouth,
and the solace of my lips would assuage your pain.
6"If I speak, my pain is not assuaged,
and if I forbear, how much of it leaves me?
7Surely now God has worn me out;
he has made desolate all my company.
8And he has shriveled me up,
which is a witness against me,
and my leanness has risen up against me;
it testifies to my face.
9He has torn me in his wrath and hated me;
he has gnashed his teeth at me;
my adversary sharpens his eyes against me.
10Men have gaped at me with their mouth;
they have struck me insolently on the cheek;
they mass themselves together against me.
11God gives me up to the ungodly
and casts me into the hands of the wicked.
12I was at ease, and he broke me apart;
he seized me by the neck and dashed me to pieces;
he set me up as his target;
13his archers surround me.
He slashes open my kidneys and does not spare;
he pours out my gall on the ground.
14He breaks me with breach upon breach;
he runs upon me like a warrior.
15I have sewed sackcloth upon my skin
and have laid my strength in the dust.
16My face is red with weeping,
and on my eyelids is deep darkness,
17although there is no violence in my hands,
and my prayer is pure.
18"O earth, cover not my blood,
and let my cry find no resting place.
19Even now, behold, my witness is in heaven,
and he who testifies for me is on high.
20My friends scorn me;
my eye pours out tears to God,
21that he would argue the case of a man with God,
as a son of man does with his neighbor.
22For when a few years have come
I shall go the way from which I shall not return.
Job Continues: Where Then Is My Hope?
1My spirit is broken; my days are extinct;
the graveyard is ready for me.
2Surely there are mockers about me,
and my eye dwells on their provocation.
3"Lay down a pledge for me with yourself;
who is there who will put up security for me?
4Since you have closed their hearts to understanding,
therefore you will not let them triumph.
5He who informs against his friends to get a share of their property--
the eyes of his children will fail.
6"He has made me a byword of the peoples,
and I am one before whom men spit.
7My eye has grown dim from vexation,
and all my members are like a shadow.
8The upright are appalled at this,
and the innocent stirs himself up against the godless.
9Yet the righteous holds to his way,
and he who has clean hands grows stronger and stronger.
10But you, come on again, all of you,
and I shall not find a wise man among you.
11My days are past; my plans are broken off,
the desires of my heart.
12They make night into day;
'The light,' they say, 'is near to the darkness.'
13If I hope for Sheol as my house,
if I make my bed in darkness,
14if I say to the pit, 'You are my father,'
and to the worm, 'My mother,' or 'My sister,'
15where then is my hope?
Who will see my hope?
16Will it go down to the bars of Sheol?
Shall we descend together into the dust?"
Bildad Speaks: God Punishes the Wicked
1Then Bildad the Shuhite answered and said:
2"How long will you hunt for words?
Consider, and then we will speak.
3Why are we counted as cattle?
Why are we stupid in your sight?
4You who tear yourself in your anger,
shall the earth be forsaken for you,
or the rock be removed out of its place?
5"Indeed, the light of the wicked is put out,
and the flame of his fire does not shine.
6The light is dark in his tent,
and his lamp above him is put out.
7His strong steps are shortened,
and his own schemes throw him down.
8For he is cast into a net by his own feet,
and he walks on its mesh.
9A trap seizes him by the heel;
a snare lays hold of him.
10A rope is hidden for him in the ground,
a trap for him in the path.
11Terrors frighten him on every side,
and chase him at his heels.
12His strength is famished,
and calamity is ready for his stumbling.
13It consumes the parts of his skin;
the firstborn of death consumes his limbs.
14He is torn from the tent in which he trusted
and is brought to the king of terrors.
15In his tent dwells that which is none of his;
sulfur is scattered over his habitation.
16His roots dry up beneath,
and his branches wither above.
17His memory perishes from the earth,
and he has no name in the street.
18He is thrust from light into darkness,
and driven out of the world.
19He has no posterity or progeny among his people,
and no survivor where he used to live.
20They of the west are appalled at his day,
and horror seizes them of the east.
21Surely such are the dwellings of the unrighteous,
such is the place of him who knows not God."
Job Replies: My Redeemer Lives
1Then Job answered and said:
2"How long will you torment me
and break me in pieces with words?
3These ten times you have cast reproach upon me;
are you not ashamed to wrong me?
4And even if it be true that I have erred,
my error remains with myself.
5If indeed you magnify yourselves against me
and make my disgrace an argument against me,
6know then that God has put me in the wrong
and closed his net about me.
7Behold, I cry out, 'Violence!' but I am not answered;
I call for help, but there is no justice.
8He has walled up my way, so that I cannot pass,
and he has set darkness upon my paths.
9He has stripped from me my glory
and taken the crown from my head.
10He breaks me down on every side, and I am gone,
and my hope has he pulled up like a tree.
11He has kindled his wrath against me
and counts me as his adversary.
12His troops come on together;
they have cast up their siege ramp against me
and encamp around my tent.
13"He has put my brothers far from me,
and those who knew me are wholly estranged from me.
14My relatives have failed me,
my close friends have forgotten me.
15The guests in my house and my maidservants count me as a stranger;
I have become a foreigner in their eyes.
16I call to my servant, but he gives me no answer;
I must plead with him with my mouth for mercy.
17My breath is strange to my wife,
and I am a stench to the children of my own mother.
18Even young children despise me;
when I rise they talk against me.
19All my intimate friends abhor me,
and those whom I loved have turned against me.
20My bones stick to my skin and to my flesh,
and I have escaped by the skin of my teeth.
21Have mercy on me, have mercy on me, O you my friends,
for the hand of God has touched me!
22Why do you, like God, pursue me?
Why are you not satisfied with my flesh?
23"Oh that my words were written!
Oh that they were inscribed in a book!
24Oh that with an iron pen and lead
they were engraved in the rock forever!
25For I know that my Redeemer lives,
and at the last he will stand upon the earth.
26And after my skin has been thus destroyed,
yet in my flesh I shall see God,
27whom I shall see for myself,
and my eyes shall behold, and not another.
My heart faints within me!
28If you say, 'How we will pursue him!'
and, 'The root of the matter is found in him,'
29be afraid of the sword,
for wrath brings the punishment of the sword,
that you may know there is a judgment."
Zophar Speaks: The Wicked Will Suffer
1Then Zophar the Naamathite answered and said:
2"Therefore my thoughts answer me,
because of my haste within me.
3I hear censure that insults me,
and out of my understanding a spirit answers me.
4Do you not know this from of old,
since man was placed on earth,
5that the exulting of the wicked is short,
and the joy of the godless but for a moment?
6Though his height mount up to the heavens,
and his head reach to the clouds,
7he will perish forever like his own dung;
those who have seen him will say, 'Where is he?'
8He will fly away like a dream and not be found;
he will be chased away like a vision of the night.
9The eye that saw him will see him no more,
nor will his place any more behold him.
10His children will seek the favor of the poor,
and his hands will give back his wealth.
11His bones are full of his youthful vigor,
but it will lie down with him in the dust.
12"Though evil is sweet in his mouth,
though he hides it under his tongue,
13though he is loath to let it go
and holds it in his mouth,
14yet his food is turned in his stomach;
it is the venom of cobras within him.
15He swallows down riches and vomits them up again;
God casts them out of his belly.
16He will suck the poison of cobras;
the tongue of a viper will kill him.
17He will not look upon the rivers,
the streams flowing with honey and curds.
18He will give back the fruit of his toil
and will not swallow it down;
from the profit of his trading
he will get no enjoyment.
19For he has crushed and abandoned the poor;
he has seized a house that he did not build.
20"Because he knew no contentment in his belly,
he will not let anything in which he delights escape him.
21There was nothing left after he had eaten;
therefore his prosperity will not endure.
22In the fullness of his sufficiency he will be in distress;
the hand of everyone in misery will come against him.
23To fill his belly to the full
God will send his burning anger against him
and rain it upon him into his body.
24He will flee from an iron weapon;
a bronze arrow will strike him through.
25It is drawn forth and comes out of his body;
the glittering point comes out of his gallbladder;
terrors come upon him.
26Utter darkness is laid up for his treasures;
a fire not fanned will devour him;
what is left in his tent will be consumed.
27The heavens will reveal his iniquity,
and the earth will rise up against him.
28The possessions of his house will be carried away,
dragged off in the day of God's wrath.
29This is the wicked man's portion from God,
the heritage decreed for him by God."
Job Replies: The Wicked Do Prosper
1Then Job answered and said:
2"Keep listening to my words,
and let this be your comfort.
3Bear with me, and I will speak,
and after I have spoken, mock on.
4As for me, is my complaint against man?
Why should I not be impatient?
5Look at me and be appalled,
and lay your hand over your mouth.
6When I remember I am dismayed,
and shuddering seizes my flesh.
7Why do the wicked live,
reach old age, and grow mighty in power?
8Their offspring are established in their presence,
and their descendants before their eyes.
9Their houses are safe from fear,
and no rod of God is upon them.
10Their bull breeds without fail;
their cow calves and does not miscarry.
11They send out their little boys like a flock,
and their children dance.
12They sing to the tambourine and the lyre
and rejoice to the sound of the pipe.
13They spend their days in prosperity,
and in peace they go down to Sheol.
14They say to God, 'Depart from us!
We do not desire the knowledge of your ways.
15What is the Almighty, that we should serve him?
And what profit do we get if we pray to him?'
16Behold, is not their prosperity in their hand?
The counsel of the wicked is far from me.
17"How often is it that the lamp of the wicked is put out?
That their calamity comes upon them?
That God distributes pains in his anger?
18That they are like straw before the wind,
and like chaff that the storm carries away?
19You say, 'God stores up their iniquity for their children.'
Let him pay it out to them, that they may know it.
20Let their own eyes see their destruction,
and let them drink of the wrath of the Almighty.
21For what do they care for their houses after them,
when the number of their months is cut off?
22Will any teach God knowledge,
seeing that he judges those who are on high?
23One dies in his full vigor,
being wholly at ease and secure,
24his pails full of milk
and the marrow of his bones moist.
25Another dies in bitterness of soul,
never having tasted of prosperity.
26They lie down alike in the dust,
and the worms cover them.
27"Behold, I know your thoughts
and your schemes to wrong me.
28For you say, 'Where is the house of the prince?
Where is the tent in which the wicked lived?'
29Have you not asked those who travel the roads,
and do you not accept their testimony
30that the evil man is spared in the day of calamity,
that he is rescued in the day of wrath?
31Who declares his way to his face,
and who repays him for what he has done?
32When he is carried to the grave,
watch is kept over his tomb.
33The clods of the valley are sweet to him;
all mankind follows after him,
and those who go before him are innumerable.
34How then will you comfort me with empty nothings?
There is nothing left of your answers but falsehood."
Eliphaz Speaks: Job's Wickedness Is Great
1Then Eliphaz the Temanite answered and said:
2"Can a man be profitable to God?
Surely he who is wise is profitable to himself.
3Is it any pleasure to the Almighty if you are in the right,
or is it gain to him if you make your ways blameless?
4Is it for your fear of him that he reproves you
and enters into judgment with you?
5Is not your evil abundant?
There is no end to your iniquities.
6For you have exacted pledges of your brothers for nothing
and stripped the naked of their clothing.
7You have given no water to the weary to drink,
and you have withheld bread from the hungry.
8The man with power possessed the land,
and the favored man lived in it.
9You have sent widows away empty,
and the arms of the fatherless were crushed.
10Therefore snares are all around you,
and sudden terror overwhelms you,
11or darkness, so that you cannot see,
and a flood of water covers you.
12"Is not God high in the heavens?
See the highest stars, how lofty they are!
13But you say, 'What does God know?
Can he judge through the deep darkness?
14Thick clouds veil him, so that he does not see,
and he walks on the vault of heaven.'
15Will you keep to the old way
that wicked men have trod?
16They were snatched away before their time;
their foundation was washed away.
17They said to God, 'Depart from us,'
and 'What can the Almighty do to us?'
18Yet he filled their houses with good things--
but the counsel of the wicked is far from me.
19The righteous see it and are glad;
the innocent one mocks at them,
20saying, 'Surely our adversaries are cut off,
and what they left the fire has consumed.'
21"Agree with God, and be at peace;
thereby good will come to you.
22Receive instruction from his mouth,
and lay up his words in your heart.
23If you return to the Almighty you will be built up;
if you remove injustice far from your tents,
24if you lay gold in the dust,
and gold of Ophir among the stones of the torrent bed,
25then the Almighty will be your gold
and your precious silver.
26For then you will delight yourself in the Almighty
and lift up your face to God.
27You will make your prayer to him, and he will hear you,
and you will pay your vows.
28You will decide on a matter, and it will be established for you,
and light will shine on your ways.
29For when they are humbled you say, 'It is because of pride';
but he saves the lowly.
30He delivers even the one who is not innocent,
who will be delivered through the cleanness of your hands."
Job Replies: Where Is God?
1Then Job answered and said:
2"Today also my complaint is bitter;
my hand is heavy on account of my groaning.
3Oh, that I knew where I might find him,
that I might come even to his seat!
4I would lay my case before him
and fill my mouth with arguments.
5I would know what he would answer me
and understand what he would say to me.
6Would he contend with me in the greatness of his power?
No; he would pay attention to me.
7There an upright man could argue with him,
and I would be acquitted forever by my judge.
8"Behold, I go forward, but he is not there,
and backward, but I do not perceive him;
9on the left hand when he is working, I do not behold him;
he turns to the right hand, but I do not see him.
10But he knows the way that I take;
when he has tried me, I shall come out as gold.
11My foot has held fast to his steps;
I have kept his way and have not turned aside.
12I have not departed from the commandment of his lips;
I have treasured the words of his mouth more than my portion of food.
13But he is unchangeable, and who can turn him back?
What he desires, that he does.
14For he will complete what he appoints for me,
and many such things are in his mind.
15Therefore I am terrified at his presence;
when I consider, I am in dread of him.
16God has made my heart faint;
the Almighty has terrified me;
17yet I am not silenced because of the darkness,
nor because thick darkness covers my face.
1"Why are not times of judgment kept by the Almighty,
and why do those who know him never see his days?
2Some move landmarks;
they seize flocks and pasture them.
3They drive away the donkey of the fatherless;
they take the widow's ox for a pledge.
4They thrust the poor off the road;
the poor of the earth all hide themselves.
5Behold, like wild donkeys in the desert
the poor go out to their toil, seeking game;
the wasteland yields food for their children.
6They gather their fodder in the field,
and they glean the vineyard of the wicked man.
7They lie all night naked, without clothing,
and have no covering in the cold.
8They are wet with the rain of the mountains
and cling to the rock for lack of shelter.
9(There are those who snatch the fatherless child from the breast,
and they take a pledge against the poor.)
10They go about naked, without clothing;
hungry, they carry the sheaves;
11among the olive rows of the wicked they make oil;
they tread the winepresses, but suffer thirst.
12From out of the city the dying groan,
and the soul of the wounded cries for help;
yet God charges no one with wrong.
13"There are those who rebel against the light,
who are not acquainted with its ways,
and do not stay in its paths.
14The murderer rises before it is light,
that he may kill the poor and needy,
and in the night he is like a thief.
15The eye of the adulterer also waits for the twilight,
saying, 'No eye will see me';
and he veils his face.
16In the dark they dig through houses;
by day they shut themselves up;
they do not know the light.
17For deep darkness is morning to all of them;
for they are friends with the terrors of deep darkness.
18"You say, 'Swift are they on the face of the waters;
their portion is cursed in the land;
no treader turns toward their vineyards.
19Drought and heat snatch away the snow waters;
so does Sheol those who have sinned.
20The womb forgets them;
the worm finds them sweet;
they are no longer remembered,
so wickedness is broken like a tree.'
21"They wrong the barren childless woman,
and do no good to the widow.
22Yet God prolongs the life of the mighty by his power;
they rise up when they despair of life.
23He gives them security, and they are supported,
and his eyes are upon their ways.
24They are exalted a little while, and then are gone;
they are brought low and gathered up like all others;
they are cut off like the heads of grain.
25If it is not so, who will prove me a liar
and show that there is nothing in what I say?"
Bildad Speaks: Man Cannot Be Righteous
1Then Bildad the Shuhite answered and said:
2"Dominion and fear are with God;
he makes peace in his high heaven.
3Is there any number to his armies?
Upon whom does his light not arise?
4How then can man be in the right before God?
How can he who is born of woman be pure?
5Behold, even the moon is not bright,
and the stars are not pure in his eyes;
6how much less man, who is a maggot,
and the son of man, who is a worm!"
Job Replies: God's Majesty Is Unsearchable
1Then Job answered and said:
2"How you have helped him who has no power!
How you have saved the arm that has no strength!
3How you have counseled him who has no wisdom,
and plentifully declared sound knowledge!
4With whose help have you uttered words,
and whose breath has come out from you?
5The dead tremble
under the waters and their inhabitants.
6Sheol is naked before God,
and Abaddon has no covering.
7He stretches out the north over the void
and hangs the earth on nothing.
8He binds up the waters in his thick clouds,
and the cloud is not split open under them.
9He covers the face of the full moon
and spreads over it his cloud.
10He has inscribed a circle on the face of the waters
at the boundary between light and darkness.
11The pillars of heaven tremble
and are astounded at his rebuke.
12By his power he stilled the sea;
by his understanding he shattered Rahab.
13By his wind the heavens were made fair;
his hand pierced the fleeing serpent.
14Behold, these are but the outskirts of his ways,
and how small a whisper do we hear of him!
But the thunder of his power who can understand?"
Job Continues: I Will Maintain My Integrity
1And Job again took up his discourse, and said:
2"As God lives, who has taken away my right,
and the Almighty, who has made my soul bitter,
3as long as my breath is in me,
and the spirit of God is in my nostrils,
4my lips will not speak falsehood,
and my tongue will not utter deceit.
5Far be it from me to say that you are right;
till I die I will not put away my integrity from me.
6I hold fast my righteousness and will not let it go;
my heart does not reproach me for any of my days.
7"Let my enemy be as the wicked,
and let him who rises up against me be as the unrighteous.
8For what is the hope of the godless when God cuts him off,
when God takes away his life?
9Will God hear his cry
when distress comes upon him?
10Will he take delight in the Almighty?
Will he call upon God at all times?
11I will teach you concerning the hand of God;
what is with the Almighty I will not conceal.
12Behold, all of you have seen it yourselves;
why then have you become altogether vain?
13"This is the portion of a wicked man with God,
and the heritage that oppressors receive from the Almighty:
14If his children are multiplied, it is for the sword,
and his descendants have not enough bread.
15Those who survive him the pestilence buries,
and his widows do not weep.
16Though he heap up silver like dust,
and pile up clothing like clay,
17he may pile it up, but the righteous will wear it,
and the innocent will divide the silver.
18He builds his house like a moth's,
like a booth that a watchman makes.
19He goes to bed rich, but will do so no more;
he opens his eyes, and his wealth is gone.
20Terrors overtake him like a flood;
in the night a whirlwind carries him off.
21The east wind lifts him up and he is gone;
it sweeps him out of his place.
22It hurls at him without pity;
he flees from its power in headlong flight.
23It claps its hands at him
and hisses at him from its place.
Job Continues: Where Is Wisdom?
1"Surely there is a mine for silver,
and a place for gold that they refine.
2Iron is taken out of the earth,
and copper is smelted from the ore.
3Man puts an end to darkness
and searches out to the farthest limit
the ore in gloom and deep darkness.
4He opens shafts in a valley away from where anyone lives;
they are forgotten by travelers;
they hang in the air, far away from mankind; they swing to and fro.
5As for the earth, out of it comes bread,
but underneath it is turned up as by fire.
6Its stones are the place of sapphires,
and it has dust of gold.
7"That path no bird of prey knows,
and the falcon's eye has not seen it.
8The proud beasts have not trodden it;
the lion has not passed over it.
9"Man puts his hand to the flinty rock
and overturns mountains by the roots.
10He cuts out channels in the rocks,
and his eye sees every precious thing.
11He dams up the streams so that they do not trickle,
and the thing that is hidden he brings out to light.
12"But where shall wisdom be found?
And where is the place of understanding?
13Man does not know its worth,
and it is not found in the land of the living.
14The deep says, 'It is not in me,'
and the sea says, 'It is not with me.'
15It cannot be bought for gold,
and silver cannot be weighed as its price.
16It cannot be valued in the gold of Ophir,
in precious onyx or sapphire.
17Gold and glass cannot equal it,
nor can it be exchanged for jewels of fine gold.
18No mention shall be made of coral or of crystal;
the price of wisdom is above pearls.
19The topaz of Ethiopia cannot equal it,
nor can it be valued in pure gold.
20"From where, then, does wisdom come?
And where is the place of understanding?
21It is hidden from the eyes of all living
and concealed from the birds of the air.
22Abaddon and Death say,
'We have heard a rumor of it with our ears.'
23"God understands the way to it,
and he knows its place.
24For he looks to the ends of the earth
and sees everything under the heavens.
25When he gave to the wind its weight
and apportioned the waters by measure,
26when he made a decree for the rain
and a way for the lightning of the thunder,
27then he saw it and declared it;
he established it, and searched it out.
28And he said to man,
'Behold, the fear of the Lord, that is wisdom,
and to turn away from evil is understanding.'"
Job's Summary Defense
1And Job again took up his discourse, and said:
2"Oh, that I were as in the months of old,
as in the days when God watched over me,
3when his lamp shone upon my head,
and by his light I walked through darkness,
4as I was in my prime,
when the friendship of God was upon my tent,
5when the Almighty was yet with me,
when my children were all around me,
6when my steps were washed with butter,
and the rock poured out for me streams of oil!
7When I went out to the gate of the city,
when I prepared my seat in the square,
8the young men saw me and withdrew,
and the aged rose and stood;
9the princes refrained from talking
and laid their hand on their mouth;
10the voice of the nobles was hushed,
and their tongue stuck to the roof of their mouth.
11When the ear heard, it called me blessed,
and when the eye saw, it approved,
12because I delivered the poor who cried for help,
and the fatherless who had none to help him.
13The blessing of him who was about to perish came upon me,
and I caused the widow's heart to sing for joy.
14I put on righteousness, and it clothed me;
my justice was like a robe and a turban.
15I was eyes to the blind
and feet to the lame.
16I was a father to the needy,
and I searched out the cause of him whom I did not know.
17I broke the fangs of the unrighteous
and made him drop his prey from his teeth.
18Then I thought, 'I shall die in my nest,
and I shall multiply my days as the sand,
19my roots spread out to the waters,
with the dew all night on my branches,
20my glory fresh with me,
and my bow ever new in my hand.'
21"Men listened to me and waited
and kept silence for my counsel.
22After I spoke they did not speak again,
and my word dropped upon them.
23They waited for me as for the rain,
and they opened their mouths as for the spring rain.
24I smiled on them when they had no confidence,
and the light of my face they did not cast down.
25I chose their way and sat as chief,
and I lived like a king among his troops,
like one who comforts mourners.
1"But now they laugh at me,
men who are younger than I,
whose fathers I would have disdained
to set with the dogs of my flock.
2What could I gain from the strength of their hands,
men whose vigor is gone?
3Through want and hard hunger
they gnaw the dry ground by night in waste and desolation;
4they pick saltwort and the leaves of bushes,
and the roots of the broom tree for their food.
5They are driven out from human company;
they shout after them as after a thief.
6In the gullies of the torrents they must dwell,
in holes of the earth and of the rocks.
7Among the bushes they bray;
under the nettles they huddle together.
8A senseless, a nameless brood,
they have been whipped out of the land.
9"And now I have become their song;
I am a byword to them.
10They abhor me; they keep aloof from me;
they do not hesitate to spit at the sight of me.
11Because God has loosed my cord and humbled me,
they have cast off restraint in my presence.
12On my right hand the rabble rise;
they push away my feet;
they cast up against me their ways of destruction.
13They break up my path;
they promote my calamity;
they need no one to help them.
14As through a wide breach they come;
amid the crash they roll on.
15Terrors are turned upon me;
my honor is pursued as by the wind,
and my prosperity has passed away like a cloud.
16"And now my soul is poured out within me;
days of affliction have taken hold of me.
17The night racks my bones,
and the pain that gnaws me takes no rest.
18With great force my garment is disfigured;
it binds me about like the collar of my tunic.
19God has cast me into the mire,
and I have become like dust and ashes.
20I cry to you for help and you do not answer me;
I stand, and you only look at me.
21You have turned cruel to me;
with the might of your hand you persecute me.
22You lift me up on the wind; you make me ride on it,
and you toss me about in the roar of the storm.
23For I know that you will bring me to death
and to the house appointed for all living.
24"Yet does not one in a heap of ruins stretch out his hand,
and in his disaster cry for help?
25Did not I weep for him whose day was hard?
Was not my soul grieved for the needy?
26But when I hoped for good, evil came,
and when I waited for light, darkness came.
27My inward parts are in turmoil and never still;
days of affliction come to meet me.
28I go about darkened, but not by the sun;
I stand up in the assembly and cry for help.
29I am a brother of jackals
and a companion of ostriches.
30My skin turns black and falls from me,
and my bones burn with heat.
31My lyre is turned to mourning,
and my pipe to the voice of those who weep.
Job's Final Appeal
1"I have made a covenant with my eyes;
how then could I gaze at a virgin?
2What would be my portion from God above
and my heritage from the Almighty on high?
3Is not calamity for the unrighteous,
and disaster for the workers of iniquity?
4Does not he see my ways
and number all my steps?
5"If I have walked with falsehood
and my foot has hastened to deceit;
6(Let me be weighed in a just balance,
and let God know my integrity!)
7if my step has turned aside from the way
and my heart has gone after my eyes,
and if any spot has stuck to my hands,
8then let me sow, and another eat,
and let what grows for me be rooted out.
9"If my heart has been enticed toward a woman,
and I have lain in wait at my neighbor's door,
10then let my wife grind for another,
and let others bow down on her.
11For that would be a heinous crime;
that would be an iniquity to be punished by the judges;
12for that would be a fire that consumes as far as Abaddon,
and it would burn to the root all my increase.
13"If I have rejected the cause of my manservant or my maidservant,
when they brought a complaint against me,
14what then shall I do when God rises up?
When he makes inquiry, what shall I answer him?
15Did not he who made me in the womb make him?
And did not one fashion us in the womb?
16"If I have withheld anything that the poor desired,
or have caused the eyes of the widow to fail,
17or have eaten my morsel alone,
and the fatherless has not eaten of it
18(for from my youth the fatherless grew up with me as with a father,
and from my mother's womb I guided the widow),
19if I have seen anyone perish for lack of clothing,
or the needy without covering,
20if his body has not blessed me,
and if he was not warmed with the fleece of my sheep,
21if I have raised my hand against the fatherless,
because I saw my help in the gate,
22then let my shoulder blade fall from my shoulder,
and let my arm be broken from its socket.
23For I was in terror of calamity from God,
and I could not have faced his majesty.
24"If I have made gold my trust
or called fine gold my confidence,
25if I have rejoiced because my wealth was abundant
or because my hand had found much,
26if I have looked at the sun when it shone,
or the moon moving in splendor,
27and my heart has been secretly enticed,
and my mouth has kissed my hand,
28this also would be an iniquity to be punished by the judges,
for I would have been false to God above.
29"If I have rejoiced at the ruin of him who hated me,
or exulted when evil overtook him
30(I have not let my mouth sin
by asking for his life with a curse),
31if the men of my tent have not said,
'Who is there that has not been filled with his meat?'
32(the sojourner has not lodged in the street;
I have opened my doors to the traveler),
33if I have concealed my transgressions as others do
by hiding my iniquity in my bosom,
34because I stood in great fear of the multitude,
and the contempt of families terrified me,
so that I kept silence, and did not go out of doors--
35Oh, that I had one to hear me!
(Here is my signature! Let the Almighty answer me!)
Oh, that I had the indictment written by my adversary!
36Surely I would carry it on my shoulder;
I would bind it on me as a crown;
37I would give him an account of all my steps;
like a prince I would approach him.
38"If my land has cried out against me
and its furrows have wept together,
39if I have eaten its yield without payment
and made its owners breathe their last,
40let thorns grow instead of wheat,
and foul weeds instead of barley."The words of Job are ended.
Elihu Rebukes Job's Three Friends
1So these three men ceased to answer Job, because he was righteous in his own eyes. 2Then Elihu the son of Barachel the Buzite, of the family of Ram, burned with anger. He burned with anger at Job because he justified himself rather than God. 3He burned with anger also at Job's three friends because they had found no answer, although they had declared Job to be in the wrong. 4Now Elihu had waited to speak to Job because they were older than he. 5And when Elihu saw that there was no answer in the mouth of these three men, he burned with anger.
6And Elihu the son of Barachel the Buzite answered and said: "I am young in years,
and you are aged;
therefore I was timid and afraid
to declare my opinion to you.
7I said, 'Let days speak,
and many years teach wisdom.'
8But it is the spirit in man,
the breath of the Almighty, that makes him understand.
9It is not the old who are wise,
nor the aged who understand what is right.
10Therefore I say, 'Listen to me;
let me also declare my opinion.'
11"Behold, I waited for your words,
I listened for your wise sayings,
while you searched out what to say.
12I gave you my attention,
and, behold, there was none among you who refuted Job
or who answered his words.
13Beware lest you say, 'We have found wisdom;
God may vanquish him, not a man.'
14He has not directed his words against me,
and I will not answer him with your speeches.
15"They are dismayed; they answer no more;
they have not a word to say.
16And shall I wait, because they do not speak,
because they stand there, and answer no more?
17I also will answer with my share;
I also will declare my opinion.
18For I am full of words;
the spirit within me constrains me.
19Behold, my belly is like wine that has no vent;
like new wineskins ready to burst.
20I must speak, that I may find relief;
I must open my lips and answer.
21I will not show partiality to any man
or use flattery toward any person.
22For I do not know how to flatter,
else my Maker would soon take me away.
Elihu Rebukes Job
1"But now, hear my speech, O Job,
and listen to all my words.
2Behold, I open my mouth;
the tongue in my mouth speaks.
3My words declare the uprightness of my heart,
and what my lips know they speak sincerely.
4The Spirit of God has made me,
and the breath of the Almighty gives me life.
5Answer me, if you can;
set your words in order before me; take your stand.
6Behold, I am toward God as you are;
I too was pinched off from a piece of clay.
7Behold, no fear of me need terrify you;
my pressure will not be heavy upon you.
8"Surely you have spoken in my ears,
and I have heard the sound of your words.
9You say, 'I am pure, without transgression;
I am clean, and there is no iniquity in me.
10Behold, he finds occasions against me,
he counts me as his enemy,
11he puts my feet in the stocks
and watches all my paths.'
12"Behold, in this you are not right. I will answer you,
for God is greater than man.
13Why do you contend against him,
saying, 'He will answer none of man's words'?
14For God speaks in one way,
and in two, though man does not perceive it.
15In a dream, in a vision of the night,
when deep sleep falls on men,
while they slumber on their beds,
16then he opens the ears of men
and terrifies them with warnings,
17that he may turn man aside from his deed
and conceal pride from a man;
18he keeps back his soul from the pit,
his life from perishing by the sword.
19"Man is also rebuked with pain on his bed
and with continual strife in his bones,
20so that his life loathes bread,
and his appetite the choicest food.
21His flesh is so wasted away that it cannot be seen,
and his bones that were not seen stick out.
22His soul draws near the pit,
and his life to those who bring death.
23If there be for him an angel,
a mediator, one of the thousand,
to declare to man what is right for him,
24and he is merciful to him, and says,
'Deliver him from going down into the pit;
I have found a ransom;
25let his flesh become fresh with youth;
let him return to the days of his youthful vigor';
26then man prays to God, and he accepts him;
he sees his face with a shout of joy,
and he restores to man his righteousness.
27He sings before men and says:
'I sinned and perverted what was right,
and it was not repaid to me.
28He has redeemed my soul from going down into the pit,
and my life shall look upon the light.'
29"Behold, God does all these things,
twice, three times, with a man,
30to bring back his soul from the pit,
that he may be lighted with the light of life.
31Pay attention, O Job, listen to me;
be silent, and I will speak.
32If you have any words, answer me;
speak, for I desire to justify you.
33If not, listen to me;
be silent, and I will teach you wisdom."
Elihu Asserts God's Justice
1Then Elihu answered and said:
2"Hear my words, you wise men,
and give ear to me, you who know;
3for the ear tests words
as the palate tastes food.
4Let us choose what is right;
let us know among ourselves what is good.
5For Job has said, 'I am in the right,
and God has taken away my right;
6in spite of my right I am counted a liar;
my wound is incurable, though I am without transgression.'
7What man is like Job,
who drinks up scoffing like water,
8who travels in company with evildoers
and walks with wicked men?
9For he has said, 'It profits a man nothing
that he should take delight in God.'
10"Therefore, hear me, you men of understanding:
far be it from God that he should do wickedness,
and from the Almighty that he should do wrong.
11For according to the work of a man he will repay him,
and according to his ways he will make it befall him.
12Of a truth, God will not do wickedly,
and the Almighty will not pervert justice.
13Who gave him charge over the earth,
and who laid on him the whole world?
14If he should set his heart to it
and gather to himself his spirit and his breath,
15all flesh would perish together,
and man would return to dust.
16"If you have understanding, hear this;
listen to what I say.
17Shall one who hates justice govern?
Will you condemn him who is righteous and mighty,
18who says to a king, 'Worthless one,'
and to nobles, 'Wicked man,'
19who shows no partiality to princes,
nor regards the rich more than the poor,
for they are all the work of his hands?
20In a moment they die;
at midnight the people are shaken and pass away,
and the mighty are taken away by no human hand.
21"For his eyes are on the ways of a man,
and he sees all his steps.
22There is no gloom or deep darkness
where evildoers may hide themselves.
23For God has no need to consider a man further,
that he should go before God in judgment.
24He shatters the mighty without investigation
and sets others in their place.
25Thus, knowing their works,
he overturns them in the night, and they are crushed.
26He strikes them for their wickedness
in a place for all to see,
27because they turned aside from following him
and had no regard for any of his ways,
28so that they caused the cry of the poor to come to him,
and he heard the cry of the afflicted--
29When he is quiet, who can condemn?
When he hides his face, who can behold him,
whether it be a nation or a man?--
30that a godless man should not reign,
that he should not ensnare the people.
31"For has anyone said to God,
'I have borne punishment; I will not offend any more;
32teach me what I do not see;
if I have done iniquity, I will do it no more'?
33Will he then make repayment to suit you,
because you reject it?
For you must choose, and not I;
therefore declare what you know.
34Men of understanding will say to me,
and the wise man who hears me will say:
35'Job speaks without knowledge;
his words are without insight.'
36Would that Job were tried to the end,
because he answers like wicked men.
37For he adds rebellion to his sin;
he claps his hands among us
and multiplies his words against God."
Elihu Condemns Job
1And Elihu answered and said:
2"Do you think this to be just?
Do you say, 'It is my right before God,'
3that you ask, 'What advantage have I?
How am I better off than if I had sinned?'
4I will answer you
and your friends with you.
5Look at the heavens, and see;
and behold the clouds, which are higher than you.
6If you have sinned, what do you accomplish against him?
And if your transgressions are multiplied, what do you do to him?
7If you are righteous, what do you give to him?
Or what does he receive from your hand?
8Your wickedness concerns a man like yourself,
and your righteousness a son of man.
9"Because of the multitude of oppressions people cry out;
they call for help because of the arm of the mighty.
10But none says, 'Where is God my Maker,
who gives songs in the night,
11who teaches us more than the beasts of the earth
and makes us wiser than the birds of the heavens?'
12There they cry out, but he does not answer,
because of the pride of evil men.
13Surely God does not hear an empty cry,
nor does the Almighty regard it.
14How much less when you say that you do not see him,
that the case is before him, and you are waiting for him!
15And now, because his anger does not punish,
and he does not take much note of transgression,
16Job opens his mouth in empty talk;
he multiplies words without knowledge."
Elihu Extols God's Greatness
1And Elihu continued, and said:
2"Bear with me a little, and I will show you,
for I have yet something to say on God's behalf.
3I will get my knowledge from afar
and ascribe righteousness to my Maker.
4For truly my words are not false;
one who is perfect in knowledge is with you.
5"Behold, God is mighty, and does not despise any;
he is mighty in strength of understanding.
6He does not keep the wicked alive,
but gives the afflicted their right.
7He does not withdraw his eyes from the righteous,
but with kings on the throne
he sets them forever, and they are exalted.
8And if they are bound in chains
and caught in the cords of affliction,
9then he declares to them their work
and their transgressions, that they are behaving arrogantly.
10He opens their ears to instruction
and commands that they return from iniquity.
11If they listen and serve him,
they complete their days in prosperity,
and their years in pleasantness.
12But if they do not listen, they perish by the sword
and die without knowledge.
13"The godless in heart cherish anger;
they do not cry for help when he binds them.
14They die in youth,
and their life ends among the cult prostitutes.
15He delivers the afflicted by their affliction
and opens their ear by adversity.
16He also allured you out of distress
into a broad place where there was no cramping,
and what was set on your table was full of fatness.
17"But you are full of the judgment on the wicked;
judgment and justice seize you.
18Beware lest wrath entice you into scoffing,
and let not the greatness of the ransom turn you aside.
19Will your cry for help avail to keep you from distress,
or all the force of your strength?
20Do not long for the night,
when peoples vanish in their place.
21Take care; do not turn to iniquity,
for this you have chosen rather than affliction.
22Behold, God is exalted in his power;
who is a teacher like him?
23Who has prescribed for him his way,
or who can say, 'You have done wrong'?
24"Remember to extol his work,
of which men have sung.
25All mankind has looked on it;
man beholds it from afar.
26Behold, God is great, and we know him not;
the number of his years is unsearchable.
27For he draws up the drops of water;
they distill his mist in rain,
28which the skies pour down
and drop on mankind abundantly.
29Can anyone understand the spreading of the clouds,
the thunderings of his pavilion?
30Behold, he scatters his lightning about him
and covers the roots of the sea.
31For by these he judges peoples;
he gives food in abundance.
32He covers his hands with the lightning
and commands it to strike the mark.
33Its crashing declares his presence;
the cattle also declare that he rises.
Elihu Proclaims God's Majesty
1"At this also my heart trembles
and leaps out of its place.
2Keep listening to the thunder of his voice
and the rumbling that comes from his mouth.
3Under the whole heaven he lets it go,
and his lightning to the corners of the earth.
4After it his voice roars;
he thunders with his majestic voice,
and he does not restrain the lightnings when his voice is heard.
5God thunders wondrously with his voice;
he does great things that we cannot comprehend.
6For to the snow he says, 'Fall on the earth,'
likewise to the downpour, his mighty downpour.
7He seals up the hand of every man,
that all men whom he made may know it.
8Then the beasts go into their lairs,
and remain in their dens.
9From its chamber comes the whirlwind,
and cold from the scattering winds.
10By the breath of God ice is given,
and the broad waters are frozen fast.
11He loads the thick cloud with moisture;
the clouds scatter his lightning.
12They turn around and around by his guidance,
to accomplish all that he commands them
on the face of the habitable world.
13Whether for correction or for his land
or for love, he causes it to happen.
14"Hear this, O Job;
stop and consider the wondrous works of God.
15Do you know how God lays his command upon them
and causes the lightning of his cloud to shine?
16Do you know the balancings of the clouds,
the wondrous works of him who is perfect in knowledge,
17you whose garments are hot
when the earth is still because of the south wind?
18Can you, like him, spread out the skies,
hard as a cast metal mirror?
19Teach us what we shall say to him;
we cannot draw up our case because of darkness.
20Shall it be told him that I would speak?
Did a man ever wish that he would be swallowed up?
21"And now no one looks on the light
when it is bright in the skies,
when the wind has passed and cleared them.
22Out of the north comes golden splendor;
God is clothed with awesome majesty.
23The Almighty--we cannot find him;
he is great in power;
justice and abundant righteousness he will not violate.
24Therefore men fear him;
he does not regard any who are wise in their own conceit."
The LORD Answers Job
1Then the LORD answered Job out of the whirlwind and said:
2"Who is this that darkens counsel by words without knowledge?
3Dress for action like a man;
I will question you, and you make it known to me.
4"Where were you when I laid the foundation of the earth?
Tell me, if you have understanding.
5Who determined its measurements--surely you know!
Or who stretched the line upon it?
6On what were its bases sunk,
or who laid its cornerstone,
7when the morning stars sang together
and all the sons of God shouted for joy?
8"Or who shut in the sea with doors
when it burst out from the womb,
9when I made clouds its garment
and thick darkness its swaddling band,
10and prescribed limits for it
and set bars and doors,
11and said, 'Thus far shall you come, and no farther,
and here shall your proud waves be stayed'?
12"Have you commanded the morning since your days began,
and caused the dawn to know its place,
13that it might take hold of the skirts of the earth,
and the wicked be shaken out of it?
14It is changed like clay under the seal,
and its features stand out like a garment.
15From the wicked their light is withheld,
and their uplifted arm is broken.
16"Have you entered into the springs of the sea,
or walked in the recesses of the deep?
17Have the gates of death been revealed to you,
or have you seen the gates of deep darkness?
18Have you comprehended the expanse of the earth?
Declare, if you know all this.
19"Where is the way to the dwelling of light,
and where is the place of darkness,
20that you may take it to its territory
and that you may discern the paths to its home?
21You know, for you were born then,
and the number of your days is great!
22"Have you entered the storehouses of the snow,
or have you seen the storehouses of the hail,
23which I have reserved for the time of trouble,
for the day of battle and war?
24What is the way to the place where the light is distributed,
or where the east wind is scattered upon the earth?
25"Who has cleft a channel for the torrents of rain
and a way for the thunderbolt,
26to bring rain on a land where no man is,
on the desert in which there is no man,
27to satisfy the waste and desolate land,
and to make the ground sprout with grass?
28"Has the rain a father,
or who has begotten the drops of dew?
29From whose womb did the ice come forth,
and who has given birth to the frost of heaven?
30The waters become hard like stone,
and the face of the deep is frozen.
31"Can you bind the chains of the Pleiades
or loose the cords of Orion?
32Can you lead forth the Mazzaroth in their season,
or can you guide the Bear with its children?
33Do you know the ordinances of the heavens?
Can you establish their rule on the earth?
34"Can you lift up your voice to the clouds,
that a flood of waters may cover you?
35Can you send forth lightnings, that they may go
and say to you, 'Here we are'?
36Who has put wisdom in the inward parts
or given understanding to the mind?
37Who can number the clouds by wisdom?
Or who can tilt the waterskins of the heavens,
38when the dust runs into a mass
and the clods stick fast together?
39"Can you hunt the prey for the lion,
or satisfy the appetite of the young lions,
40when they crouch in their dens
or lie in wait in their thicket?
41Who provides for the raven its prey,
when its young ones cry to God for help,
and wander about for lack of food?
1"Do you know when the mountain goats give birth?
Do you observe the calving of the does?
2Can you number the months that they fulfill,
and do you know the time when they give birth,
3when they crouch, bring forth their offspring,
and are delivered of their young?
4Their young ones become strong; they grow up in the open;
they go out and do not return to them.
5"Who has let the wild donkey go free?
Who has loosed the bonds of the swift donkey,
6to whom I have given the arid plain for his home
and the salt land for his dwelling place?
7He scorns the tumult of the city;
he hears not the shouts of the driver.
8He ranges the mountains as his pasture,
and he searches after every green thing.
9"Is the wild ox willing to serve you?
Will he spend the night at your manger?
10Can you bind him in the furrow with ropes,
or will he harrow the valleys after you?
11Will you depend on him because his strength is great,
and will you leave to him your labor?
12Do you have faith in him that he will return your grain
and gather it to your threshing floor?
13"The wings of the ostrich wave proudly,
but are they the pinions and plumage of love?
14For she leaves her eggs to the earth
and lets them be warmed on the ground,
15forgetting that a foot may crush them
and that the wild beast may trample them.
16She deals cruelly with her young, as if they were not hers;
though her labor be in vain, yet she has no fear,
17because God has made her forget wisdom
and given her no share in understanding.
18When she rouses herself to flee,
she laughs at the horse and his rider.
19"Do you give the horse his might?
Do you clothe his neck with a mane?
20Do you make him leap like the locust?
His majestic snorting is terrifying.
21He paws in the valley and exults in his strength;
he goes out to meet the weapons.
22He laughs at fear and is not dismayed;
he does not turn back from the sword.
23Upon him rattle the quiver,
the flashing spear and the javelin.
24With fierceness and rage he swallows the ground;
he cannot stand still at the sound of the trumpet.
25When the trumpet sounds, he says 'Aha!'
He smells the battle from afar,
the thunder of the captains, and the shouting.
26"Is it by your understanding that the hawk soars
and spreads his wings toward the south?
27Is it at your command that the eagle mounts up
and makes his nest on high?
28On the rock he dwells and makes his home,
on the rocky crag and stronghold.
29From there he spies out the prey;
his eyes behold it afar off.
30His young ones suck up blood,
and where the slain are, there is he."
1And the LORD said to Job:
2"Shall a faultfinder contend with the Almighty?
He who argues with God, let him answer it."
Job Promises Silence
3Then Job answered the LORD and said:
4"Behold, I am of small account; what shall I answer you?
I lay my hand on my mouth.
5I have spoken once, and I will not answer;
twice, but I will proceed no further."
The LORD Challenges Job
6Then the LORD answered Job out of the whirlwind and said:
7"Dress for action like a man;
I will question you, and you make it known to me.
8Will you even put me in the wrong?
Will you condemn me that you may be in the right?
9Have you an arm like God,
and can you thunder with a voice like his?
10"Adorn yourself with majesty and dignity;
clothe yourself with glory and splendor.
11Pour out the overflowings of your anger,
and look on everyone who is proud and abase him.
12Look on everyone who is proud and bring him low
and tread down the wicked where they stand.
13Hide them all in the dust together;
bind their faces in the world below.
14Then will I also acknowledge to you
that your own right hand can save you.
which I made as I made you;
he eats grass like an ox.
16Behold, his strength in his loins,
and his power in the muscles of his belly.
17He makes his tail stiff like a cedar;
the sinews of his thighs are knit together.
18His bones are tubes of bronze,
his limbs like bars of iron.
19"He is the first of the works of God;
let him who made him bring near his sword!
20For the mountains yield food for him
where all the wild beasts play.
21Under the lotus plants he lies,
in the shelter of the reeds and in the marsh.
22For his shade the lotus trees cover him;
the willows of the brook surround him.
23Behold, if the river is turbulent he is not frightened;
he is confident though Jordan rushes against his mouth.
24Can one take him by his eyes,
or pierce his nose with a snare?
1 "Can you draw out Leviathan with a fishhook
or press down his tongue with a cord?
2Can you put a rope in his nose
or pierce his jaw with a hook?
3Will he make many pleas to you?
Will he speak to you soft words?
4Will he make a covenant with you
to take him for your servant forever?
5Will you play with him as with a bird,
or will you put him on a leash for your girls?
6Will traders bargain over him?
Will they divide him up among the merchants?
7Can you fill his skin with harpoons
or his head with fishing spears?
8Lay your hands on him;
remember the battle--you will not do it again!
9 Behold, the hope of a man is false;
he is laid low even at the sight of him.
10No one is so fierce that he dares to stir him up.
Who then is he who can stand before me?
11Who has first given to me, that I should repay him?
Whatever is under the whole heaven is mine.
12"I will not keep silence concerning his limbs,
or his mighty strength, or his goodly frame.
13Who can strip off his outer garment?
Who would come near him with a bridle?
14Who can open the doors of his face?
Around his teeth is terror.
15His back is made of rows of shields,
shut up closely as with a seal.
16One is so near to another
that no air can come between them.
17They are joined one to another;
they clasp each other and cannot be separated.
18His sneezings flash forth light,
and his eyes are like the eyelids of the dawn.
19Out of his mouth go flaming torches;
sparks of fire leap forth.
20Out of his nostrils comes forth smoke,
as from a boiling pot and burning rushes.
21His breath kindles coals,
and a flame comes forth from his mouth.
22In his neck abides strength,
and terror dances before him.
23The folds of his flesh stick together,
firmly cast on him and immovable.
24His heart is hard as a stone,
hard as the lower millstone.
25When he raises himself up the mighty are afraid;
at the crashing they are beside themselves.
26Though the sword reaches him, it does not avail,
nor the spear, the dart, or the javelin.
27He counts iron as straw,
and bronze as rotten wood.
28The arrow cannot make him flee;
for him sling stones are turned to stubble.
29Clubs are counted as stubble;
he laughs at the rattle of javelins.
30His underparts are like sharp potsherds;
he spreads himself like a threshing sledge on the mire.
31He makes the deep boil like a pot;
he makes the sea like a pot of ointment.
32Behind him he leaves a shining wake;
one would think the deep to be white-haired.
33On earth there is not his like,
a creature without fear.
34He sees everything that is high;
he is king over all the sons of pride."
Job's Confession and Repentance
1Then Job answered the LORD and said:
2"I know that you can do all things,
and that no purpose of yours can be thwarted.
3'Who is this that hides counsel without knowledge?'
Therefore I have uttered what I did not understand,
things too wonderful for me, which I did not know.
4'Hear, and I will speak;
I will question you, and you make it known to me.'
5I had heard of you by the hearing of the ear,
but now my eye sees you;
6therefore I despise myself,
and repent in dust and ashes."
The LORD Rebukes Job's Friends
7After the LORD had spoken these words to Job, the LORD said to Eliphaz the Temanite: "My anger burns against you and against your two friends, for you have not spoken of me what is right, as my servant Job has. 8Now therefore take seven bulls and seven rams and go to my servant Job and offer up a burnt offering for yourselves. And my servant Job shall pray for you, for I will accept his prayer not to deal with you according to your folly. For you have not spoken of me what is right, as my servant Job has." 9So Eliphaz the Temanite and Bildad the Shuhite and Zophar the Naamathite went and did what the LORD had told them, and the LORD accepted Job's prayer.
The LORD Restores Job's Fortunes
10And the LORD restored the fortunes of Job, when he had prayed for his friends. And the LORD gave Job twice as much as he had before. 11Then came to him all his brothers and sisters and all who had known him before, and ate bread with him in his house. And they showed him sympathy and comforted him for all the evil that the LORD had brought upon him. And each of them gave him a piece of money and a ring of gold.
12And the LORD blessed the latter days of Job more than his beginning. And he had 14,000 sheep, 6,000 camels, 1,000 yoke of oxen, and 1,000 female donkeys. 13He had also seven sons and three daughters. 14And he called the name of the first daughter Jemimah, and the name of the second Keziah, and the name of the third Keren-happuch. 15And in all the land there were no women so beautiful as Job's daughters. And their father gave them an inheritance among their brothers. 16And after this Job lived 140 years, and saw his sons, and his sons' sons, four generations. 17And Job died, an old man, and full of days.