Table of Contents
The Book of JobFrom the Hebrew Job means hated and oppressed
The 1st Chapter
In the land of hus (Uz), there was a man called Job: an innocent and virtuous man, such one as feared God, *exchewed evil. This man had seven sons, and three daughters. His substance was seven thousand sheep, three thousand camels, five hundred yoke of oxen, five hundred she asses, and a very great household: so that he was one of the most principal men among all them of the east country. And his sons went, and made banquets: one day in one house, another day in another, and sent for their three sisters to eat and to drink with them. So when they had passed over the time of their banqueting round about, Job sent for them, and cleansed them again, and got up early, and offered for everyone a burnt offering. For Job thought thus: peradventure my sons have done some offense, and have been unthankful to God in their hearts. And thus did Job everyday. Now upon the time, when the servants of God came and stood before the Lord, Sathan (Satan) came also among them. And the Lord said unto Sathan: From from where come you? Sathan answered the Lord, and said: I have gone about the land and walked through it. *exchewed = to avoid, shun, escape evil,
Then said the Lord unto Sathan: have you not considered my servant Job, and how that he is an innocent and virtuous man: such one as fears God, and *extueth evil, and that there is none like him in the land? Sathan answered, and said unto the Lord: does Job fear God for nought? have you not preserved him, his house, and all his substance on every side? have you not blessed the work of his hands? Is not his possession is increased in the land? But lay your hand upon him a little, touch once all that he has, and (I hold) he shall curse you to your face. And the Lord said unto Sathan: lo all that he has, be in your power: only upon him self see that you lay not your hand. Then went Sathan forth from the Lord.
*extueth: eschew; avoid, shun, escape. RN
Now upon a certain day when his sons and his daughters were eating, and drinking wine in their eldest brothers house, there came a messenger unto Job, and said: While the oxen were plowing, and the Asses going in the pasture beside them: the *Sabeens came in violently, and took them all away: yes, they have slain your servants with the sword, and I only ran my way, to tell you. *Sabeens HEB = "drunkard" or "he who is coming" drunk with the wine of the world, maker of oaths /a gatherer together RN
And while he was yet speaking, there came another, and said: The fire of God is fallen from heaven, it has consumed, and burnt up all your sheep and servants: and I only ran my way , to tell you. In the mean season while he was yet speaking, there came another, and said: The *Caldees made three armies, and fell upon your camels, which they have carried away, yes and slain your servants with the sword: and I only am gotten away, to tell you: While he was speaking, there came yet another, and said: your sons and daughters were eating and drinking wine in their eldest brothers house, and suddenly there came a mighty great wind out of the South, and smote the four corners of the house: which fell upon your children, so that they are dead: and I am gotten away alone, to tell you. *Caldees = desirous and willing
Then Job stood up, and rent his clothes, shaved his head, and fell down upon the ground, worshipped, and said: Naked came I out of my mothers womb, and naked shall I turn there again. The Lord gave, and the Lord has taken away, now blessed be the name of the Lord. In all these things did Job not offend, nor murmur foolishly against God.
The 2nd Chapter
It happened also upon a time, that when the servants of God came and stood before the Lord, Sathan came among them, and stood before him. And the Lord said unto Sathan: From from where come you? Sathan answered and said: I have gone about the land, and walked through it.
Then said the Lord unto Sathan: have you not considered my servant Job, how that he is an innocent and virtuous man such one as fears God, and Extueth evil, and that there is none like him in the land? But you moved me against him, to punish him: yet is it in vain, for he continues still in his goodness. Sathan answered the Lord, and said: Skin for skin? yes a man will give all that ever he has, for his life. But lay your hand upon him, touch him once upon the bone and flesh, and (I hold) he shall curse you to your face. Then said the Lord unto Sathan: lo, there have him in your power, but save his life.
So went Sathan forth from the Lord, and smote Job with marvelous sore *boils, from the sole of his foot unto his crown. So that he sat upon the ground in ashes, and scraped off the filth of his with sores with a *potsherd.*boils = from the Hebrew to hasten , burning as in the burning up of the flesh (desires of the flesh) *potsherd = a piece of a broken pot (vessel) RN
Then said his wife unto him: do you continue in your perfectness? curse God, and die. But Job said unto her: You speak like a foolish women. Seeing we have received prosperity at the hand of God, wherefore should we be not content with adversity also? In all these things, did not Job sin with his lips.
Now when Jobs friends heard of all the trouble, that happened to him, there came three of them, every one from his own place: *namely, Eliphas the Thamanite, Baldad the Suhite, and Zophar the Naamathite. *namely = these names from the Hebrew are: Eliphaz = "my God is (fine) gold" Themanite = "southward" to destroy, to perish Bildad = "confusing (by mingling) love" Shuhite = "wealth" Zophar = "sparrow" "Melek is father" or "my father is king" Abel Mizraim = "meadow of Egypt" field of copts (adversaries) to go early, depart early ,Naamathite = see Naamah "pleasantness"
For they were agreed together to come, and to show their compassion on him, and to comfort him. So when they lifted up their eyes afar off, they knew him not.
Then they cried, and wept: They sat them down by him also upon the ground seven days and seven nights. Neither was there any of them that spoke one word unto him, for they saw that his pain was very great.
The 3rd Chapter
After this opened Job his mouth, and cursed his day, and said: lost be the day, wherein I was born: and the night, in the which it was said: there is a man child conceived. The same day be turned to darkness, and not regarded of God from above, neither be shined upon with light: but be covered with darkness, and the shadow of death. let the dim cloud fall upon it, and let it be lapped with sorrow. Let the dark storm over come that night, let it not be reckoned among the days of the year, nor counted in months. Despised be that night, and discommended: let them that curse the day, even those that be ready to raise up mourning give it also their curse. Let the stars be dim through darkness of it. Let it look for light, but let it see none, neither the raising up of the fair morning: because it shut not up the womb that bare me, nor hide these sorrows from my eyes.
Alas, why died I not in the birth? Why did not I perish, as soon as I came out of my mothers womb? Why set they me upon their knees? Why gave they me suck with their breasts? Then should I now have layen still, I should have slept, and been at rest: like as the kings and Lords of the earth, which build themselves special places: As the princes that have great substance of gold, and their houses full of silver. O that I utterly had no being, or were as a thing born out of time (that is put aside) ether as young children, which never saw the light. There must the wicked cease from their tyranny, there such as are overlabored be at rest: there are those let out free, which have been in prison, so that they hear no more the voice of the oppressor: There are small and great: the bondman, and he that is free from his master.
Wherefore is light given to him that is in misery? and life unto them, that have heavy hearts? Which long for death, if it come not: and search for it more than for treasure which also would be exceedingly glad, and rejoice if they found their grave. That should be joy to the man whose way is hid, which God keeps back from him. For my sighs come before I eat, and my roarings fall out like flowing water. For the thing that I feared, is come upon me: and the thing that I was afraid of, is happened to me? Was I not happy? Had I not quietness? Was I not in rest? And now comes such misery upon me.
The 4th Chapter
Then answered Eliphaz the Temanite and said unto him: If we begin to commune with you peradventure you will be discontent, but who can withhold himself from speaking? Behold, you have been a teacher of many, and have comforted the weary hands.
Thy words have set up those that were fallen, you have refreshed the weak knees. But now that the plague is come upon you, you shrink away: now that it has touched your self, you are faint hearted. Is not this your fear, your steadfastness, your patience, and the perfectness of your ways? Consider (I pray you) who ever perished being innocent? Or, when were the godly destroyed? As I have seen them that plow vanity and sow malice reap the same. With the blast of God did they perish, and by the breath of his anger consumed they away. The roaring of the lion, the voice of the lioness, and the teeth of the lions whelps are broken. The lion perisheth, for lack of prey and the lions whelps are scattered abroad.
And unto me was the word hid, and mine has ear has received a little thereof. In the fantasies and thoughts of the visions of the night, when sleep comes on men: Fear came upon me and dread and made all my bones to shake. And when the wind passed by before my presence it made the hairs of my flesh stand up. He stood there and I knew not his face, an image there was before me and there was stillness, so that I heard this voice. Shall man be more just than God? Or shall man be purer than his maker? Behold there is no trust to his servants, and in his angels has he found frowardness. How much more in them that dwell in houses of clay, whose foundation is but earth: which shall be consumed by the moth? They shall be smitten from morning unto the evening: yea they shall perish everlastingly, and no man think theron. Is not their dignity taken away with them, they shall die and not in wisdom.
The 5th Chapter
Name me one else, if you can find any: yes look about you, upon any of the holy men. As for the foolish man, displeasure kills him and anger slays the ignorant. I have seen my self, when the foolish was deep rooted, that his beauty was suddenly destroyed, that his children were without prosperity or health: that they were slain in the door, and no man to deliver them: that his harvest is eaten up of the hungry: that the weaponed man had spoiled it, and that the thirsty had drunk up his riches. Is it not the earth that brings forth travail, neither comes sorrow out of the ground: but it is man, that is born unto misery, like as the bird for to fly.
But now I will speak of the Lord, and talk of God: which does things, that are unsearchable, and marvelous without number: Which gives rain upon the earth, and pours water upon all things: which set up them of low degree, and sends prosperity, to those that are in heaviness: Which destroys the devices of the subtle, so that they are not able to perform the things that they take in hand: which compass the wise in their own craftiness, and over through the counsel of the wicked? In so much that they might run in to darkness by fair day, and grope about them at the noon day, like as in the night.
And so he delivers the poor from the sword, from their mouth, and from the hand of the cruel, that the poor has hope, and that the mouth of the oppressor may be stopped.
Behold, happy is the man, whom God punisheth: therefore, despise not you the chastening of the Almighty. For though he make a wound, he gives medicine again: though he smite, his hand makes whole again.
He deliver you out of six troubles, so that in the seventh there can no harm touch you. In the midst of hunger he saves you from death: and when it is war, from the power of the sword.
He shall keep you from the perilous tongue so that when trouble comes, you shall not need to fear. In destruction and derth (famine) you shall be merry, and shall not be afraid for the beasts of the earth: But the castles in the land shall be confederate with you, and the beasts of the field, shall give you peace.
Yes you shall know, that your dwelling place shall be in rest: you shall hold your substance, and be no more punished for sin. You shall see also, that your seed shall increase, and that your posterity shall be as the grass of the earth. You shall come to your grave in a fair age, like as the of corn sheaves are brought in to the barn in due season. Lo, this is the matter, as we ourselves have proved by experience. Therefore now that you hear it, take better heed to yourself.
The 6th Chapter
Job answered, and said: Oh that my misery were weighed, and my punishment weighed in the balances: For then should it be heavier, than the sand of the sea. This is the cause, that my words are so sorrowful.
For the arrows of the allmighty are in me, whose indignation has drunk up my spirit, and the terrible fears of God fight against me. does the wild ass roar when he has grass? Or crys the ox, when he has fodder enough? That which is unsavory, shall it be eaten without salt, or is there any taste in the white of an egg? The things that some time I might not *away (Hebrew: endure it or allow it) withal, are now my meat for very sorrow. O' that I might have my desire: O' that God would grant me the thing, that I long for: That he would begin and smite me: that he would let his hand go, and hew me down. Then should I have some comfort: yes, I would desire him in my pain, that he should not spare, for I will not be against the words of the holy one.
What power have I to endure? Or, what is mine end, that my soul might be patient? Is my strength the strength of stones? Or is my flesh made of brass? Is it not so that there is in me no help? that my substance is taken from me. He that is in tribulation ought to be comforted of his neighbor: but the fear of the Lord is clean away: Mine own brethren pass over by me as the water broke, that hastily runs through the valleys. But they that fear the hoarfrost, the snow shall fall upon them.
When their time comes, they shall be destroyed and perish: and when they be set on fire, they shall be removed out of their place, for the paths that they go in, are crooked: they haste after vain things, and shall perish. Consider the paths of Theman, and the ways of Saba, wherein they have put their trust. Confounded are they, that put any confidence in them: For when they came to obtain the things they looked for, they were brought to confusion.
Even so are you also come unto me: but now that you see my misery, you are afraid. Did I desire you, to come hither? Or, to give me any of your substance? To deliver me from the enemies hand, or to save me from the power of the mighty? Teach me and I will hold my tongue: and if I do error, show me wherein.
Wherefore blame you the words, that are well and truly spoken? which of you can reprove them? Saving only that you are subtle to check mens sayings, and can speak many words in the wind. you fall upon the fatherless, and go about to overthrow your own friend. Wherefore look not only upon me, but upon yourselves: whether I lie, or no. Turn into your own selves (I pray you) be indifferent judges, and consider mine unguiltiness: whether there be any unrighteousness in my tongue, or vain words in my mouth.
The 7th Chapter
Is not the life of man upon earth a battle? Are not his days like the days of an hired servant? For like as a bond servant desires the shadow, and as an hireling would faine have an end of his work: Even so have I labored whole months long (but in vain) and many a careful night have I told. When I layed me down to sleep, I said: O' when shall I rise? Again, I longed for the night. Thus am I full of sorrow, till it be dark. My flesh is clothed with worms, filthiness and dust: my skin is withered, and crumpled together: my days pass over more speedily, than a weaver can weave out his web: and are gone, or I am at war. O' remember, that my life is but a wind, and that mine eye shall no more see the pleasures thereof, yes and that none other mans eye shall see me anymore. For if you fasten your eyes upon me, I come to naught like as a cloud is consumed and vanishes away, even so he that goes down to hell, comes no more up, nor turns again into his house, neither shall his place know him any more.
Therefore I will not spare my mouth, but will speak in the trouble of my spirit, in that bitterness of my mind will I talk. Am I a sea, or a whalefish, that you keep me so in prison? When I think: my bed shall comfort me. I shall have some refreshing by talking by myself upon my couch: Then trouble you me with dreams, and make me so afraid through visions, that my soul wishes rather to be strangled, and my bones to be dead.
I can see no remedy, I shall live no more: O' spare me then, for my days are but vain. What is man, that you have him in such reputation, and set so much by him? You take diligent care for him, and suddenly do you try him.
Why go you not from me, nor let me alone, so long till I swallow down my spittle? I have offended, what shall I do unto you, O' you preserver of men? Why have you made me to stand in your way, and am so heavy a burden unto to myself? Why do you not forgive my sin? Wherefore take you not away my wickedness. Behold, now must I sleep in the dust: And if you seek me tomorrow in the morning, I shall be gone.
The 8th Chapter
Then answered *Baldad the Suhite, and said: How long will you talk of such things? how long shall your mouth speak so proud words? does God pervert the thing that is lawful? Or, does the Almighty destroy the thing that is right? When your sons sinned against him, did not he punish them for their wickedness? If you would now resort unto God by times, and make your humble prayer to the Almighty: If you would live a pure and godly life: should he not wake up unto you immediately, and give you the beauty of righteousness again? In so much, that wherein soever you had little before, you should have great abundance. Enquire of them that have been before you, search diligently among your forefathers: Namely, that we are but of yesterday, and consider not, that our days upon the earth are but a very shadow. They shall show you, they shall tell you, yes they will gladly confess the same. *Baldad = "confusing (by mingling) love" Suhite = "wealth"
May a rush be green without moistness? may the grass grow without water? No: but (or ever it be shot forth, and or ever it be gathered) it withers, before any other herb. Even so goes it with all them, that forget God: and even thus also shall the hypocrites hope come to naught. His confidence shall be destroyed, for he trusts in a spiders web. He leans upon his house, but he shall not stand: he holds him fast by it, yet shall he not endure. Often time a thing do flourish, and men think that it may abide the *Son shining: it shoots forth the branches in his garden, it takes many roots, in so much that it is like a house of stones. *Son = this word Sonne is Son, they did make a spelling difference between Sun and Son, this is Son.
But if it be taken out of his place, every man denies it, saying: I know you not. Lo, thus it is with him, that rejoices in his own doings: and as for others, they grow out of the earth.
Behold, God will not cast away a virtuous man, neither will he help the ungodly. your mouth shall be still with laughing, and your lips with gladness. They that hate you, shall be confounded, and the dwellings of the ungodly shall come to nought.
The 9th Chapter
Job answered, and said: As for that, I know it is so of a truth, that a man compared unto God, can not be justified. If he will argue with him, he shall not be able to answer him unto one among a thousand. He is wise of heart, and mighty in strength. Who ever prospered that took part against him? He translates the mountains, or ever they be a ware, and overthrows them in his wrath. He removes the earth out of her place, that her pillars shake withal. He commands the *Son, and it rises not: he closes up the stars, as it were under a signet. He himself alone spreads out the heavens, and goes upon the waves of the sea. He makes the vaines of heaven, the Orions, the seven stars and the secrete places of the south. He does great things, such as are unsearchable, yes and wonders without number.
If he came by me, I might not look upon him: if he went his way, I should not perceive it. If he be hasty to take anything away, who will make him restore it again? Who will say unto him: what do you? He is God, whos wrath no man may withstand: but the proudest of all must stoop under him. How then should I answer him? or what words should I send out against him? Yes though I be righteous, yet will I not give him one word again, but meekly submit myself to my judge. All be it that I call upon him, and he hear me, yet I am not sure, that he has heard my voice: he troubles me so with the tempest, and wounds me out of measure without a cause. He will not let my spirit be in rest, but fills me with bitterness.
If men speak of strength, he is the strongest of all: if men speak of righteousness, who bare be my record. If I will justify myself, my own mouth shall condemn me: if I will put forth myself for a perfect man, he shall prove me a wicked doer: For that I should be an innocent, my conscience knows it not, yes I my self am weary of my life.
This is one thing will I say: He destroys both the righteous and the ungodly. And though he slay suddenly with the scourge, yet laughs he at the punishment of the innocent. As for the world, he give it over in to the power of the wicked, such as the rivers be, whereof all the lands are full. Is it not so? where is there any, but he is such on?
My days have been more swift than a runner: they are gone suddenly, and have seen no good thing. They are passed away, as the ships that be good under sail, and as the Aegle (eagle) that hastens to the prey. When I am purposed to forget my complainings, to change my countenance, and to consider myself: Then I am afraid of all my works, for I know, you favor not the evil doer. If I be then a wicked one, why have I labored in vain? though I wash myself with snow water, and made mine hands ever so clean, yet should you dip me in the *inyer (manure), and mine own clothes should defile me. For he that I must give answer unto, and with whom I go to law, is not a man as I am. Neither is there any daysman to reprove both parties, or to lay his hand between us. Let him take his rod away from me, yes let him make me no more afraid of him, and then shall I answer him without any fear. For as long as I am in such fearfulness, I can make no answer: And why? it grieves my soul to live.
The 10th Chapter
Nevertheless, now will I put forth my words: I will speak out of the heaviness of my soul, and will say unto God: Do not condemn me: but show me the cause, wherefore you judge me on this manner. Think you it well done, to oppress me, to cast me off (being a work of your hands) and to maintain the counsel of the ungodly? have you fleshly eyes then, or do you look as a man looks? Are your days as the days of man, and your years as mans years? That you make such an inquisition for my wickedness, and search out my sin? Whereas (notwithstanding) you know that I am no wicked person, and that there is no man able to deliver me out of your hand. your hands have made me, and fashioned me altogether round about, will you then destroy me suddenly? O' remember (I beseek you) how that you made me of the mould of the earth, and shall bring me to earth again.
Hast you not milked me, as it were milk: and turned me to curdles like cheese? You have covered me with skin and flesh, and joined me together with bones and sinews. You have granted me life, and done me good: and the diligent heed that you took upon me, has preserved my spirit.
Though you hide these things in your heart, yet am I sure, that you remember them all. Wherefore did you keep me, when I sinned, and have not cleansed me from mine offense? If I do wickedly, woe is me therefore: If I be righteous, yet dare I not lift up my head: so full am I of confusion, and see mine own misery.
You hunt me out (being in heaviness) as it were a *Lion, and trouble me out of measure. You bring fresh witnesses against me, your wrath increases you upon me, very many are the plagues that I am in. Wherefore have you brought me out of my mothers womb? O' that I had perished, and that no eye had seen me. If they had carried me to my grave, as soon as I was born, then should I be now, as though I had never been. *Lion: see lion of Ezek 19 , 32
Shall not my short life come so soon to an end? O' hold you from me, let me alone, that I might ease myself a little before I go over there, from where I shall not return again. Namely, to that land of darkness and shadow of death: yes into that dark cloudy land and deadly shadow, where as is no order, but terrible fear as in the darkness.
The 11th Chapter
Zophar = "sparrow" "Melek is father" or "my father is king" Abel Mizraim = "meadow of Egypt" field of copts (adversaries) to go early, depart early ,Naamathite = see Naamah "pleasantness"
Then answered Zophar the Naamathite, and said: Should not he that makes many words, be answered? Should he that babbles much, be commended therein? Should men give ear unto you only? You will laugh other men to scorn, and shall nobody mock you again? Will you say unto God: The thing that I take in hand is perfect, and I am clean in your sight? O' that God would speak, and open his lips against you, that he might show you (out of his secrete wisdom) how many fold his law is: then should you know, that God had forgotten the, because of your sins.
Will you find out God with your seeking? Will you attain to the perfectness of the Almighty? He is higher than heaven, what will you do? Deeper than hell, how will you then know him? His length exceeds the length of the earth, and his breadth the breadth of the sea. though he turn all things upside down, close them in, or thrust them together, who dare check him therefore?
For it is he that knows the vanity of men: he sees their wickedness also, should he not then consider it? A vain body exalts himself, and the son of man is like a wild asses foal. If you had now a right heart, and lifted up your hands toward him: if you would put away the wickedness which you have in hand, so that no ungodliness dwelt in your house: Then might you lift up your face without shame, then should you be sure, and have no need to fear.
Then should you forget your misery, and think no more upon it, than upon the waters that run by. Then should your life be as clear as the noon day, and spring forth as the morning. Then might you have comfort , in the hope that you hast: and sleep quietly, when you are buried. Then should you take rest, and no man to make you afraid, yes many one should set much by you. As for the eyes of the ungodly, they shall be consumed, and not escape: their hope shall be misery and sorrow of mind.
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