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The Proverbs of Solomon

(Part Three)


These also are the sayings of Solomon,
which the men of Hezekiah king of
Judah gathered together.

The 25th Chapter
     It is the honor of God to keep a thing secret, but the kings is to search out a thing.
     The heaven is high, the earth is deep, and the kings heart is unsearchable.
     Take the dross from the silver, and there shall be a clean vessel thereof.
     Take away ungodliness from the king, and his seat shall be stablished with righteousness.
     Put not forth yourself in the presence of the king, and prease not into the place of great men. prease = may be from pace or prance, as if to place your self expectantly in their presence.
     Better it is that it be said unto you: Come up hither, than you to be set down in the presence of the prince whom you see with your eyes.
     Be not hasty to go to the law, least happily you order yourself so that at the last, that your neighbor put you to shame.
     Handle your matter with your neighbor himself, and discover not another mans secret: least when men hear thereof, it turn to your dishonor, and least your evil name do not cease.
     A word spoken in due season, is like apples of gold in a silver dish.
     The correction of the wife is to an obedient ear, a golden chain and a Jewel of gold.
     Like as the winter cool in the harvest, so is a faithful messenger to him that send him, and refreshes his masters mind.
     Whoso makes great boasts and gives nothing, is like clouds and wind without rain.
     With patience may a prince be pacified, and with a soft tongue may rigorousness be broken.
     If you find honey, eat so much as is sufficient for you: least you be over full, and perbrake it out again.
     Withdraw your foot from your neighbors house, least he be weary of you, and so abhor you.
     Who so bears false witness against his neighbor, he is a very spear, a sword, and a sharp arrow.
     The hope of the ungodly in time of need, is like a rotten tooth and a slippery foot.
     Who so sings a song to a wicked heart, clothes him with rags in the cold, and pours vinegar upon chalk.
     If your enemy hunger, feed him: if he thirst, give him drink: For so shall you heap coals of fire upon his head, and the Lord shall reward you.
     The north wind drives away the rain, even so does an *earnest sober countenance a backbiting tongue. kjv = angry countenance
     It is better to sit in the corner under the roof, than with a brawling woman in a wide house.
     A good report out of a far country, is like cold water to a thirsty soul.
     A righteous man falling down before the ungodly, is like a troubled well and a spring that is destroyed.
     Like as it is not good to eat to much honey, even so he that will search out high things, it shall be to heavy for him.
     He that can not rule himself, is like a city which is broken down, and has no walls.

The 26th Chapter
     Like as snow is not mete in summer, nor rain in harvest: even so is worship unseemly for a fool.
     As the bird and the swallow take their flight and flee here and there, so the curse that is given in vain, shall not light upon a man.
     Unto the horse belongs the whip, to the ass a bridle, and a rod to a fools back.
     Give not the fool an answer after his foolishness, least you become like him: but make the fool an answer to his foolishness, least he be wise in his own conceit.
     He is lame of his feet, yes drunken is he in vanity, that commits anything to a fool.
     Like as it is an unseemly thing to have legs and yet to halt, even so is a parable in a fools mouth.
     He that seats a fool in a high dignity, that is even as if a man did cast a precious stone upon the galous. galous = may be gallows
     A parable in a fools mouth is like a thorn that pricks a drunken man in the hand.
kjv enters this line here. RN = The great God that formed all things both rewards the fool, and rewards wickeds.
     A man of experience discerns all things well, but who so hires a fool, hire such one as will take no heed.
     Like as a the dog turns again to his vomit, even so a fool begins his foolishness again a fresh.
     If you see a man that is wise in his own conceit, there is more hope in a fool than in him.
     The slothful says: There is a leopard in the way, and a lion in the midest of the streets.
     Like as the door turns about upon the threshold, even so does the slothful *welter himself upon his bed. welter = to waller, roll, and toss about as if in high seas.
     The slothful body thrusts his hand into his bosom, and it grieves him to put it again to his mouth.
     The sluggard thinks himself wiser, then seven men that sit and teach.
     Who so goes by and meddles with other mens strife, he is like one that takes a dog by the ears.
     Like as one that shoots arrows and darts out of a privy place, even so does a dissembler with his neighbor.
     And then says he: I did it in sport.
     Where no wood is, there the fire goes out: and where the backbiter is taken away, there the strife ceases.
     Coals kindle heat, and wood the fire: even so does a brawling fellow stirs up variance.
     A scaundlers words are like flattery, but they pierce the inward parts of the body.
     Envious lips and a wicked heart are like a potsherd covered with silver dross.
     An enemy disassembles with his lips, and in the mean season he imagines mischief: but when he speaks fair, believe him not, for there are seven abominations in his heart.
     Who so keeps evil will, secretly do hurt, his malice shall be showed before the whole congregation.
     Who digs up a pit, shall fall therein: and he that *welters (waters, rolls in the sea) a stone, shall stumble upon it himself.
     A dissembling tongue hates one that rebukes him, and a flattering mouth works mischief.

The 27th Chapter
     Make not your boast of to morrow, for you know not what may happen today.
     Let another man praise you, and not your own mouth: yes other folks lips and not yours.
     The stone is heavy, and the sand weighty: but a fools wrath is heavier than both.
     Wrath is a cruel thing, and furriousness is a very tempest: yes who is able to abide envy?
     An open rebuke is better than secret love.
     Faithful are the wounds of a lover, but the kisses of an enemy are deceitful.
     He that is full, abhors the honeycomb: but unto him that is hungry every sour thing is sweet.
     He that often times flits, is like a bird that forsakes her nest.
     The heart is glad of answer, ointment and savor, but a stomach that can give good counsel, rejoices a mans neighbor.

     Thine own friend, and your fathers friend, see you forsake not, but go not into your brothers house in time of your trouble.
     Better is a friend at hand than a brother far off.

     My son, be wise, and you shall make me a glad heart: so that I shall make answer unto my rebukers.
     A wise man seeing the plague, will hide himself, as for fools they go on still, and suffer harm.
     Take his garment that is surety for a stranger, and take a pledge of him for the *unknown mans sake. kjv = a strange woman.
     He that is to hasty to praise his neighbor above measure, shall be taken as one that gives him an evil report.
     A brawling woman and the roof of the house dropping in a rainy day, may well be compared together.
     He that refrains her, refrains the wind, and holds oil fast in his hand.
     Like as one iron wets (sharpens) another, so does one man comfort another.
     Whoso keeps his fig tree, shall enjoy the fruits thereof: he that waits upon his master, shall come to honor.
     Like as in one water there appear diverse faces, even so diverse men have diverse hearts.
     Like as hell and destruction are never full, even so the eyes of men can never be satisfied.
     Silver is tried in the mould, and gold in the furnace, and so is a man, when he is openly praised to his face.
     Though you should bray a fool with a pedestal in a mortar like oat meal, yet will not his foolishness go from him.
     See that you know the number of your cattle your self, and look well to your flocks.
     For riches abide not away (Hebrew: endure it or allow it), and the crown endure not for ever. Compare kjv as to the crown enduring for ever. RN
     The hay grows, and the grass comes up, and herbs are gathered in the mountains.
     The lambs shall clothe you, and for the goats you shall have money to your husbandry.
     You shall have goats milk enough to feed you, to uphold your household, and to sustain your maidens.

The 28th Chapter
     The ungodly flees no man chasing him, but the righteous stands fast as a lion.
     Because of sin the land does often change her prince: but through men of understanding and wisdom a realm endures long. Compare kjv as to this text. RN
     One poor man oppressing another by violence, is like a continual rain that destroys the fruit.
     They that forsake the law praise the ungodly: but such as keep the law, abhor them.
     Wicked men discern not the things that is right, but they that seek after the Lord, discuss all things.
     A poor man leading a godly life, is better than the rich that goes in froward ways.
     Whoso keeps the law, is a child of understanding: but he that feeds riotous men, shames his father.
     Who so increases his riches by vantage and winning, let him gather them to help the poor withal.
     He that turns away his ear from hearing the law, his prayer shall be abhorred.
     Whoso leads the righteous in to an evil way, shall fall into his own pit, but the just shall have the good in possession.
     The rich man thinks himself to be wise, but the poor that has understanding, can perceive him well enough.
     When righteous men are in prosperity, then does honor flourish: but when the ungodly come up, the state of men changes.
     He that hides his sins, shall not prosper: but whoso knowledges them and forsakes them, shall have mercy.
     Well is him that stands always in awe: as for him that hardens his heart, he shall fall into mischief.
     Like as a roaring lion and a hungry bear, even so is a ungodly prince over the poor people.
     Where the prince is without understanding, there is great oppression and wrong: but if he be such one as hates covetousness, he shall long reign.
     He that by violence sheds any mans blood, shall be a renegade unto his grave, and no man shall be able to succure him.
     Who so leads a godly and innocent life, shall be safe: but he that goes froward ways, shall once have a fall.
     He that tills his land, shall have plenteousness of bread: but he that follows idleness, shall have poverty enough.
     A faithful man is to be greatly to be commended, but he that makes to much haste to be rich, shall not be unguilty.
     To have respect of persons in judgement is not good: And why? he will do wrong, yes even for a piece of bread.
     He that will be rich all to soon, has an evil eye, and considers not that poverty shall come upon him.
     He that rebukes a man, shall find no favor at the last, than he that flatters him.
     Whoso robs his father and mother, and says it is no sin: the same is like unto a murderer.
     He that is of a proud stomach, stirs up strife: but he that puts his trust in the Lord, shall be well fed.
     He that trusts in his own heart, is a fool: but he that deals wisely, shall be safe.
     He that gives unto the poor, shall not want: but he that turns his eyes from such as be in necessity, shall suffer great poverty himself.
     When the ungodly are come up, men are faine to hide themselves: but when they perish, the righteous increase.

The 29th Chapter
     He that is stiff necked and will not be reformed, shall suddenly be destroyed without any help.
     Where the righteous have the over hand, the people are in prosperity: but where the ungodly bears rule, there the people mourn.
     Whoso loves wisdom, makes his father a glad man: but he that keeps harlots spends away that he has.
     With true judgment the king sets up the land, but he be a man that takes gifts, he turns it upside down.
     Who so flatters his neighbor, lays a net for his feet.
     The sin of the wicked is his own snare, but the righteous shall be glad and rejoice.
     The righteous considers the cause of the poor, but the ungodly regards no understanding.
     Wicked people bring a city in decay, but wise men set it up again.
     If a wise man go to the law with a fool (whether he deal with him friendly or roughly) he gets no rest.
     The bloodthirsty hate the righteous, but the just seek his soul.
     A fool pours out his spirit altogether, but a wise man keeps it in till afterwards.
     If a prince delight in lies, all his servants are ungodly.
     The poor and the lender meet together, the Lord lightens both their eyes.
     The fear of the King that faithfully judges the poor, shall continue sure for ever more.
     The rod and correction minister wisdom, but if a child be not looked unto, he brings his mother to shame.
     When the ungodly come up, wickedness increases: but the righteous shall see their fall.
     Nurture your son with correction, and he shall comfort you, yes, he shall do the good at your heart.
     Where no Prophet is, there the people perish: but well is him that keeps the law.
     A servant will not be the better for words, for though he understand, he will not regard them.
     If you see a man that is hasty to speak unadvised, you may trust a fool than of him.
     He that delicately brings up his servant from a child, shall make him his master at the length.
     An angry man stirs up strife, and he that bears evil well in his mind, does much evil.
     After pride comes fall, but a lowly spirit brings great worship.
     Whoso keeps company with a thief, hates his own soul: he hears blasphemes and tells it not forth.
     He that fears men, shall have a fall: but whoso puts his trust in the Lord shall come to honor.
     Many there be that seek the Princes favor, but every mans judgement comes from the Lord.
     The righteous abhors the ungodly: but as for those that be in the right way, the wicked hate them.

The words of Agur the son of Jakeh

The 30th Chapter
     The prophecy of a true and faithful man, whom God has helped, whom God had comforted and nourished. kjv has this line... spoke unto Ithiel, even unto Ithiel and Ucal, RN For though I a least of all, and have no mans understanding (for I never learned wisdom) yet have I understanding, and am well informed in Godly things. Who has climbed up into heaven? Who has come down from that place? Who has holden the wind fast in his hands? Who has comprehended the waters in a garment? Who has set all the ends of the world? What is his name, or what is his sons name? Can you tell? All the words of God are pure and clean, for he is a shield unto them that put their trust in him. Put you nothing unto his words, least he reprove you, and you be found a liar.
     Two things I require of you, that you will not deny me before I die. Remove from me vanity and lies: give me neither poverty nor riches, only grant me a necessary living. least I be so full, I deny you, and say: What fellow is the Lord? And least I being constrained through poverty, fall unto stealing, and foreswear the name of my God. Accuse not a servant unto his master, least he speak evil of you also, and you be hurt. He that brings up an evil report upon the generation of his father and mother, is not worthy to be commended.
     The generation that think themselves clean, shall not be cleansed from their filthiness. There are people that have a proud look, and cast up their eyelids. This peoples teeth are swords, and their chaft bones they consume and devour the simple of the earth, and the poor from among men.
     This generation which is like an horseleach, has two daughters: the one is called fetch hither, and the other bring hither.
     There are three things that are never satisfied, and the fourth says never hoo. The hell, a womans womb, and the earth has never water enough. As for fire, it says never, hoo (hoe). Whoso laughs his father to scorn, and sets his mothers commandment to naught: the ravens pick out his eyes in the valley, and devoured be he of the young eagles.
     There be three things too high for me, and as for the fourth, it passes my knowledge. The way of an eagle in the air, the way of a serpent over a stone, the way of a ship in sea, and the way of a man with a young woman. Such is the way of an wife that breaks wedlock, which wipes her mouth like as when she has eaten, and says. As for me, I have done no harm. Through three things the earth is disquieted, and the fourth may it not bear: Through a servant that bears rule, through a fool that has great riches, through an idle housewife, and through an handmaiden that is heir to her mistress.
     There be four things in the earth, the which are very little: but in wisdom they exceed the wise. The Emmettes (ants) are but a weak people, yet gather they their meat in the harvest. The conies are but a feeble folk, yet make they their couches among the rocks. The grasshoppers have not a guide, yet go they forth together by heaps. The spider labors with her hands, and that in the Kings palace.
     There be three things that go stiffly, but the going of the fourth is the godliest of all. A Lion which is King of beasts, and gives place to no man: A cock ready to fight: A ram and a King that goes forth with his people. If you be so foolish to imagine yourself, or meddle with any such thing, then lay your hand upon your mouth. Who so churns milk, makes butter: he that rubs his nose, makes it bleed: and he that causes wrath, brings forth strife.

The words of King Lemuel,
and the Prophecy that his mother taught him.

The 31st Chapter
     My son, you son of my body: O' my dear beloved son, give not over your substance and mind unto women, which are the destruction even of Kings. O' Lamuel. give Kings no wine, give Kings and Princes no strong drink: least they being drunk forget the law, and regard not the cause of the poor, and of all such as be in adversity. Be you an advocate and stand in judgement yourself, to speak for all such as be dumb and socourless. With your mouth defend the thing that is right, and the cause of the poor and helpless.

Aleph
     Who so finds an honest faithful woman, she is much more worth then pearls.
Beth
     The heart of her husband may safely trust in her, so that he shall have no need of spoils.
Gimel
     She will do him good and not evil all the days of her life.
Daleth
     She occupies wool and flax, and labors gladly with her hands.
He
     She is like the merchants ship, that brings her vitailes from afar.
Vav
     She is up in the night season, to provide meat for her household, and food for her maidens.
Zain
     She considers land, and buys it, with the fruit of her hands she plants a vineyard.
Heth
     She girds her loins with strength, and courages her arms.
Teth
     And if she perceives that her housewifery does good, her candle goes not out by night. Yod
     She lays her fingers to the spindle, and her hand takes hold of the rock.
Caph
     She opens her hand to the poor, yes she stretches forth her hands to such as have need.
Lamed
     She fears not that the cold of winter shall hurt her house, for all her household folks are double clothed. kjv has: clothed with scarlet.
Mem
     She makes herself fair ornaments, her clothing is white silk and purple.
Nun
     Her husband is much set by in the gates, when he sits among the rulers of the land.
Samech
     She makes cloth of silk and sells it, and delivers a girdle unto the merchant.
Ain
     Strength and honor is her clothing, and in the latter day she shall rejoice.
Phe
     She opens her mouth with wisdom, and in her tongue is the law of grace.
Zade
     She looks well to the ways of her household, and eats not her bread with idleness.
Koph
     Her children arise, and call her blessed: and her husband makes much of her.
Res
     Many daughters there be that gather riches together, but you go above them all.
Sin
     As for favor, it is deceitful, and beauty is vain thing: but a woman that fears the Lord, she is worthy to be praised.
Thau
     Give her of the fruit of her hands, and let her own works praise her in the gates.

The end of the Proverbs of Solomon


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