Table of Contents
The Gospel of St Luke(Part Four)
The 15th Chapter
Then resorted unto him all the publicans and sinners, for to hear him. And the Pharisees and Scribes murmured saying: He received to his company sinners, and eats with them. Then put he forth this similitude to them saying: What man of you having an hundred sheep, if he lose one of them, does not leave ninety and nine in the wilderness, and go after that which is lost until he find him? And when he has found him, he puts him on his shoulders with joy: And as soon as he comes home, he calls together his lovers and neighbors saying unto them: Rejoice with me for I have found my sheep which was lost. I say unto you, that likewise joy shall be in heaven over one sinner that repents, more then over ninety and nine just persons, which need no repentance. Either what woman having ten *grotes, if she lose one, does not light a candle, and sweep the house, and seek diligently, till she find it? And when she has found it she calls her lovers and her neighbors saying: Rejoice with me, for I have found the grote which I had lost. Likewise I say unto you, joy is made in the presence of the angels of God over one sinner that repents. *grotes : refers to grain; oats in Middle Eng
And he said: a certain man had two sons, and the younger of them said to his father: father, give me my part of the goods that to me belongs. And he divided unto them his substance. And not long after, the younger son gathered all that he had together, and took his journey into a far country, and there he wasted his goods with riotous living. And when he had spent all that he had, there rose a great dearth through out all that same land, and he began to lack. And he went and clave to a citizen of that same country, which sent him to his field, to keep his swine. And he would fain have filled his belly with the cods that the swine ate: and no man gave him.
Then he came to him self and said: how many hired servants at my fathers have bread enough, and I die for hunger. I will arise and go to my father, and will say unto him: father, I have sinned against heaven and before you, and am no more worthy to be called your son, make me as one of your hired servants. And he arose and went to his father. And when he was yet a great way off, his father saw him and had compassion, and ran and fell on his neck, and kissed him. And the son said unto him: father, I have sinned against heaven, and in your sight, and am no more worthy to be called your son. But his father said to his servants: bringforth that best garment and put it on him, and put a ring on his hand, and shoes on his feet. And bring hither that fatted calf, and kill him, and let us eat and be merry: for this my son was dead, and is alive again, he was lost, and is now found. And they began to be merry. The elder brother was in the field, and when he came and drew near to the house, he heard minstrelsy and dancing, and called one of his servants, and asked what those things meant. And he said unto him: your brother is come, and your father had killed the fatted calf, because he has received him safe and sound. And he was angry, and would not go in. Then came his father out and entreated him. He answered and said to his father: Lo these many years have I done you service, neither brake at any time your commandment, and yet gave you me never so much as a kid to make merry with my lovers: but as soon as this your son was come, which has devoured your goods with harlots, you have for his pleasure killed the fatted calf. And he said unto him: Son, you was ever with me, and all that I have is thine: it was meet that we should make merry and be glad: for this your brother was dead, and is alive again: and was lost, and is found.
The 16th Chapter
And he said also unto his disciples. There was a certain rich man, which had a steward, that was accused unto him, that he had wasted his goods. And he called him: and said unto him: How is it, that I hear this of you? Give accounts of your stewardship: for you may be no longer steward. The steward said with in him self: what shall I do? for my master will take away from me the stewardship. I cannot dig, and to beg, I am ashamed. I wot (know) what to do, that when I am put out of the stewardship, they may receive me into their houses.
Then called he all his masters debtors, and said unto the first: how much owest you unto my master? And he said: an hundred tuns of oil. And he said to him: take your bill, and sit down quickly, and write fifty. Then said he to another: what owe you? And he said: an hundred quarters of wheat. He said to him: Take your bill, and write fourscore. And the Lord commended the unjust steward because he had done wisely. For the children of this world are in their kind, wiser then the children of light. And I say also unto you: make you friends of the wicked mammon, that when you shall depart, they may receive you into everlasting habitations.
He that is faithful in that which is least the same is faithful in much. And he that is unfaithful in the least: is unfaithful also in much. So then if you have not been faithful in the wicked mammon, who will believe you in that which is true? And if you have not been faithful in another mans business: who shall give you your own? No servant can serve two masters, for either he shall hate the one and love the other, or else he shall lean to the one and despise the other. you cannot serve God and mammon.
All these things heard the Pharisees also which were covetous, and they mocked him. And he said unto them: you are they which justify yourselves before men: but God knows your hearts. For that which is highly esteemed among men, is abominable in the sight of God.
The law and the Prophets reigned until the time of John: and since that time the kingdom of God is preached, and every man strives to go in. Sooner shall heaven and earth perish than one tittle of the law shall perish. Whosoever forsakes his wife and marries another, breaks matrimony. And every man which marries her that is divorced from her husband, commits *advoutry also.*advoutry: prefix "a" meaning not or without, devout: devotion; plain hearted to God, being devoted to something or some one else. see James 2 for adultery
There was a certain rich man, which was clothed in purple and fine byss, and fared deliciously every day. And there was a certain beggar named Lazarus, which lay at his gate full of sores desiring to be refreshed with the crumbs which fell from the rich mans board. Nevertheless, the dogs came and licked his sores. And it fortuned that the beggar died, and was carried by the angels into Abrahams bosom. The rich man also died, and was buried.
And being in hell in torments, he lift up his eyes and saw Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in his bosom, and he cried and said: father Abraham, have mercy on me, and send Lazarus that he may dip the tip of his finger in water, and cool my tongue: for I am tormented in this flame. But Abraham said unto him: Son, remember that you in your lifetime, received your pleasure, and contrary wise Lazarus pain. Now therefore is he comforted, and you are punished. Beyond all this, between you and us there is a great space set, so that they which would go from here, now to you cannot: neither may come from that place to us.
Then he said I pray you therefore father, send him to my fathers house. For I have five brethren: for to warn them least they also come into this place of torment. Abraham said unto him: they have Moses and the Prophets, let them hear them. And he said: no father Abraham, but if one came unto them from the dead, they would repent. He said unto him: If they hear not Moses and the Prophets, neither will they believe, though one rose from death again.
The 17th Chapter
Then said he to the disciples, it cannot be avoided but that offenses will come. Nevertheless woe be to him through whom they come. It were better for him that a millstone were hanged about his neck, and that he were cast into the sea, then that he should offend one of these little ones. Take heed to your selves. If your brother trespass against you, rebuke him and if he repent, forgive him. And though he sin against you seven times in a day, and seven times in a day turn again to you saying: it repents me, forgive him.
And the Apostles said unto the Lord: increase our faith. And the Lord said: if you had faith like a grain of mustard seed, and should say unto this sycamine tree, pluck yourself up by the roots, and plant yourself in the sea: he should obey you.
Who is it of you if he had a servant ploughing or feeding cattle, that would say unto him when he were come from the field: Go quickly and sit down to meat: and would not rather say to him, dress wherewith I may sup, and gird up yourself and serve me, till I have eaten and drunken: and afterward, eat you, and drink you? does he thank that servant because he did that which was commanded unto him? I trow (think) not. So likewise ye, when you have done all those things which are commanded you say, we are unprofitable servants. We have done that which was our duty to do.
And it chanced as he went to Jerusalem, that he passed through Samaria and Galile. And as he entered into a certain town, there met him ten men that were lepers. Which stood afar off and put forth their voices and said: Jesu master, have mercy on us. When he saw them, he said unto them: Go and show yourselves unto the Priests. And it chanced as they went, they were cleansed. And one of them, when he saw that he was cleansed, turned back again, and with a loud voice praised God, and fell down on his face at his feet, and gave him thanks. And the same was a Samaritan. And Jesus answered and said: are there not ten cleansed? But where are those nine? There are not found that returned again, to give God praise save only this stranger. And he said unto him: arise, and go your way your faith has made you whole.
When he was demanded of the Pharisees, when the kingdom of God should come he answered them and said: The kingdom of God comes not with waiting for. Neither shall men say: Lo here, lo there. For behold the kingdom of God is with in you.
And he said unto the disciples: The days will come, when you shall desire to see one day of the son of man, and you shall not see it. And they shall say to you: See here, See there. Go not after them, nor follow them, for as the lightning that appears out of the one part of the heaven: and shines unto the other part of heaven. So shall the son of man be in his days. But first must he suffer many things, and be refused of this nation.
As it happened in the time of Noe: So shall it be in the time of the son of man. They ate, they drank, they married wives and were married, even unto the same day that Noe went into the Ark: and the flood came and destroyed them all. Likewise also, as it chanced in the days of Lot. They ate, they drank, they bought, they sold, they planted, they built. And even the same day that Lot went out of Zodom (Sodom), it rained fire and brimstone from heaven, and destroyed them all. After these examples, shall it be in the day when the son of man shall appear.
At that day he that is on the house top and his stuff in the house: let him not come down to take it out. And likewise let not him that is in the fields, turn back again to that he left behind. Remember Lots wife. Whosoever will go about to save his life, shall lose it: And whosoever shall lose his life, shall save it. I tell you in that night, there shall be two in one bed, that one shall be received and the other shall be forsaken. And they answered, and said unto him: where Lord? And he said unto them: wheresoever the body shall be, over there will the eagles resort.
The 18th Chapter
And he put forth a similitude unto them, signifying that men ought pray, and not to be weary saying: There was a Judge in a certain city, which feared not God neither regarded man. And there was a certain widow in the same city, which came unto him saying: avenge me of mine adversary. And he would not for a while. But afterward he said unto himself: though I fear not God nor care for man, yet because this widow troubles me, I will avenge least at the last she come and hag on me.
And the Lord said hear what the unrighteous Judge says. And shall not God avenge his elect, which cry day and night unto him, you though he defer them? I tell you he will avenge them and that quickly. Nevertheless, when the son of man comes, suppose ye, that he shall find faith on the earth.
And he put forth this similitude, unto certain which trusted in them selves that they were perfect, and despised other. Two men went up into the temple to pray: the one a Pharisee, and the other a publican. The Pharise stood and prayed thus with him self. God I thank you that I am not as other men are, extortioners, unjust, *advoutrers, or as this publican. I fast twice in the week. I give tithe of all that I possess. And the publican stood afar off, and would not lift up his eyes to heaven, but smote his breast saying: God be mercyfull to me sinner. I tell you this man departed home to his house justified more other. For every man that exalts himself, shall be brought low: An he that humbles himself, shall be exalted. *advoutry: prefix "a" meaning not or without, devout: devotion; plain hearted to God, being devoted to something or some one else. see James 2 for adultery
They brought unto him also babes, that he should touch them. When the disciples saw that, they rebuked them. But Jesus called them unto him, and said: Suffer (allow) children to come unto me, and forbid them not. For of such the kingdom of God. Verily I say unto you: whosoever receives not the kingdom of God as a child, he shall not enter therein.
And a certain ruler asked him saying: good master: what ought I to do, to obtain eternal life? Jesus said unto him: Why call you me good? None is good, save God only. You know the commandments: You shall not commit *advoutry: you shall not kill: you shall not steal: you shall not bear false witness: Honour your father and your mother. And he said: all the kept from my youth. When Jesus heard that, he said unto him: Yet lack you one thing.*advoutry: prefix "a" meaning not or without, devout: devotion; plain hearted to God, being devoted to something or some one else. see James 2 for adultery
Sell all that you hast, and distribute it unto the poor, and you shall have treasure in heaven, and come, and follow me. When he heard that, he was heavy: for he was very rich.
When Jesus saw him mourn, he said: with what difficulty shall they that have riches, enter into the kingdom of God: it is easier for a camel to go through a needles eye, then for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God. Then said they that heard that: And who shall then be saved? And he said: Things which are unpossible with men are possible with God.
Then Peter said: Lo we have left all, and have followed you. And he said unto them: Verily I say unto you, there is no man that leaves house, other father and mother, other brethren or wife, or children for the kingdom of Gods sake, which same shall not receive much more in this world: and in the world to come, life everlasting.
He took unto him twelve, and said unto them. Behold we go up to Jerusalem, and all shall be fulfilled that are written by the Prophets of the son of man. He shall be delivered unto the gentiles, and shall be mocked, and shall be despitefully entreated, and shall be spitted on: and when they have scourged him, they will put him to death, and the third day he shall arise again. But they understood none of these things. And this saying was hid from them. And they perceived not the things which were spoken.
And it came to pass, as he was come near unto Hericho (Jericho), a certain blind man sat by the way side begging. And when he heard the people pass by, he asked what it meant. And they said unto him, that Jesus of Nazareth passed by. And he cried saying: Jesus the son of David, have you mercy on me. And they which went before rebuked him, that he should hold his peace. But he cried so much the more, you son of David have mercy on me. And Jesus stood still, and commanded him to be brought unto him. And when he was come near, he asked him saying: what will you that I do unto you? And he said: Lord that I may receive my sight. Jesus said unto him: receive your sight: your faith has saved you. And immediately he saw, and followed him, praising God. And all the people, when they saw it, gave laud to God.
The 19th Chapter
And he entered in, and went through Hericho (Jericho). And behold, there was a man named Zacheus, which was a ruler among the Publicans, and was rich also. And he made means to see Jesus, what he should be: and could not for the press, because he was of a low stature. Wherefore he ran before, and climbed up into a wild fig tree, to see him: for he should come that way. And when Jesus came to the place, he looked up, and saw him, and said unto him: Zache, come down at once, for today I must abide at your house. And he came down hastily and received him joyfully. And when they saw that they all grudged saying: He is gone in to tarry with a man that is a sinner.
And Zache stood forth and said unto the Lord: behold Lord, the half of my goods I give to the poor, and if I have done any man wrong, I will restore him four fold. And Jesus said to him: this day is health come unto this house, for as much as he also is become the child of Abraham. For the son of man is come to seek and to save that which was lost.
As they heard these things, he added thereto a similitude, because he was near to Herusalem (Jerusalem), and because also they thought that the kingdom of God should shortly appear. He said therefore: a certain nobleman went into a far country, to receive him a kingdom, and then to come again. And he called his ten servants, and delivered them ten pounds saying unto them: buy and sell till I come. But his citizens hated him, and sent messengers after him saying: We will not have this man to reign over us.
And it came to pass, when he was come again and had received his kingdom, he commanded these servants, to be called to him (to whom he gave his money) to wit (know) what every man had done. Then came the first, saying: Lord, your pound has increased ten pounds. And he said unto him. Well good servant because you was faithful in a very little thing, take you authority over ten cities. And the other came saying: Lord your pound has increased five pounds. And to the same he said: and be you also ruler over five cities.
And the third came and said: Lord behold here your pound, which I have kept in a napkin, for I feared you, because you are a strait man: you take up that you laid not down, and reap that you did not sow. And he said unto him: Of your own mouth, judge I you you evil servant. Knew you that I am a strait man taking up that I laid not down, and reaping that I did not sow? Wherefore then gave not you my money into the bank, that at my coming I might have required mine own with vantage?
And he said to them that stood by: take from him that pound, and give it him that has ten pounds. And they said unto him Lord he has ten pounds. I say unto you, that unto all them that have, it shall be given: and from him that has not, even that he has shall be taken from him. Moreover those mine enemies, which would not that I should reign over them bring hither, and slay them before me. And when he had thus spoken, he proceeded forth before, ascending up to Jerusalem.
And it fortuned, when he was come near to Bethphage and Bethany, besides mount Olivete, he sent two of his disciples saying: Go you in to the town which is over against you. In the which as soon as you are come, you shall find a colt tied, whereon yet never man sat. Loose him and bring him hither. And if any man ask you, why that you loose him: thus say unto him, the Lord has need of him.
They that were sent, went their way and found, even as he had said unto them. And as they were a loosing the colt, the owners said unto them: why loose you the colt? And they said: for the Lord has need of him. And they brought him to Jesus. And they cast their raiment on the colt, and set Jesus theron. And as he went, they spread their clothes in the way.
And when he was now come, where he should go down from the mount Olivete, the whole multitude of the disciples began to rejoice, and to laud God with a loud voice, for all the miracles that they had seen, saying: Blessed be the king that comes in the name of the Lord: peace in heaven, and glory in the highest. And some of the Pharisees of the company said unto him: Master rebuke your disciples. He answered, and said unto them: I tell you if these should hold their peace, the stones would cry.
And when he was come near, he beheld the city, and wept on it saying: If you had known those things which belong unto your peace, even at this your time? But now are they hid from your eyes. For the days shall come upon you, that your enemies shall cast a bank about you, and compass you round, and keep you in on every side, and make you even with the ground, with your children which are in you. And they shall not leave in you one stone upon another, because you knew not the time of your visitation.
And he went in to the temple, and began to cast out them that sold therein, and them that bought saying unto them, it is written: my house is the house of prayer: but you have made it a den of thieves. And he taught daily in the temple. The high Priests and the scribes and the chief of the people went about to destroy him: but could not find what to do. For all the people stuck by him, and gave him audience.
The 20th Chapter
And it fortuned in one of those days, as he taught the people in the temple and preached the gospel: the high Priests and the Scribes came with the elders and spoke unto him saying: Tell us by what authority you do these things? Either who is he that gave you this authority? He answered and said unto them: I also will ask you a question, and answer me. The baptism of John: was it from heaven or of men? And they thought within themselves saying: if we shall say from heaven: he will say: why then believed you him not? But and if we shall say of men, all the people will stone us. For they be persuaded that John is a Prophet. And they answered that they could not tell from where it was. And Jesus said unto them: neither tell I you by what authority I do these things.
Then began he to put forth to the people this similitude. A certain man planted a vineyard, and let it forth to farmers, and went him self into a strange country for a great season. And when the time was come, he sent a servant to his tenants that they should give him of the fruits of the vineyard. And the tenants did beat him, and sent him away empty. And again he sent yet another servant. And they did beat him, and foul entreated him also, and sent him away empty. Moreover, he sent the third too, and him they wounded, and cast out. Then said the lord of the vineyard: what shall I do? I will send my dear son, him peradventure they will reverence, when they see him.
But when the farmers saw him, they thought in themselves saying: this is the heir, come let us kill him, that the inheritance may be ours. And they cast him out of the vineyard: and killed him. Now what shall the lord of the vineyard do unto them? He will come and destroy those farmers, and will let out his vineyard to other. When they heard that, they said: God forbid.
And he beheld them and said: what means this then that is written: The stone that the builders refused, the same is made the head corner stone? Whosoever stumble at that stone shall be broken: but on whosoever it fall upon, it will grind him to powder. And the high priests and the scribes the same hour went about to lay hands on him, but they feared the people. For they perceived that he had spoken this similitude against them.
And they watched him, and sent forth spies, which should feign themselves perfect, to take him in his words, and to deliver him unto the power and authority of the debite (deputy). And they asked him saying: Master, we know that you say and teach right, neither consider you any mans degree, but teach the way of God truly. Is it lawful for us to give Cesar tribute or no? He perceived their craftiness, and said unto them: why tempt you me? Show me a penny. Whose image and superscription has it? They answered and said: Cesars. And he said unto them: Give then unto Cesar, that which belongs unto Cesar: and to God that which pertains to God. And they could not reprove his saying before the people. But they marvelled at his answer, and held their peace.
Then came to him certain of the Sadduces which deny that there is any resurrection. And they asked him saying: Master, Moses wrote unto us, if any mans brother die having a wife, and the same die without issue: that then his brother should take his wife, and raise up seed unto his brother. There were seven brethren, and the first took a wife, and died without children. And the second took the wife, and he died childless. And the third took her, and in like wise the residue of the seven, and left no children behind them, and died. Last of all the woman died also. Now at the resurrection whose wife of them shall she be? For seven had her to wife.
Jesus answered and said unto them. The children of this world marry wives, and are married, but they which shall be made worthy to enjoy that world and the resurrection from death, neither marry wives neither are married nor yet can die any more. For they are equal unto the angels: and are the sons of God in as much as they are the children of the resurrection. And that the dead shall rise again, even Moses signified besides the bush, when he said: the Lord God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. For he is not the God of the dead, but of them which live. For all live in him. Then certain of the Pharisees answered and said: Master you have well said. And after that durst they not ask him any question at all.
Then said he unto them: how say they that Christ is Davids son? And David him self says in the book of the Psalms: The Lord said unto my Lord, sit on my right hand, till I make your enemies your footstool. Seeing David calls him Lord: How is he then his son?
Then in the audience of all the people, he said unto his disciples, beware of the Scribes, which desire to go in long clothing: and love greetings in the markets, and the highest seats in the synagogues and chief rooms at feasts, which devour widows houses and that under a colour of long praying: the same shall receive greater damnation.
Table of Contents