Table of Contents
The Book of the Prophet DanielFrom the Hebrew God is my Judge
The First Chapter
In the third year of the reign of Jehoakim king of Judah, came Nabuchodonosor king of Babylon unto Jerusalem, and besieged it: and the Lord delivered Jehoakim king of Judah into his hand, with certain ornaments of the house of God, which he carried away into the land of Sennar, to the house of his god, and there he brought them into his gods treasury. And the king spoke unto Asphanaz the chief chamberlain, that he should bring him certain of the children of Israel, that were come of the kings seed and of princes, young springaldes without blemish, but fair and well favored, instructed in all wisdom, cunning and understanding: which were able to stand in the kings palace, to read and to learn for to speak *Caldeith.
*Caldeith= the exalted language of oppression
Unto these the king appointed a certain portion of his own meat, and of the wine, which he drank himself, so to nourish them three years: that afterward they might stand before the king. Among these now were certain of the children of Judah: namely Daniel, Ananias, Misael, and Azarias. Unto these the chief chamberlain gave other names, and called Daniel, Balthasar: Ananias, Sidrach: Misael, Misach, and Asarias, Abednago. But Daniel was at a point with himself, and he would not be defiled through the kings meat, nor the wine which he drunk. And this he desired of the chief chamberlain, least he should defile himself. So God gave Daniel favor and grace before the chief chamberlain, that he said unto him: I am afraid of my lord the king, which has appointed you your meat and drink: least he spy your faces to be worse liking then the other springaldes of your age, and so you shall make me lose my head unto the king.
Then Daniel answered Melassar, whom the chief chamberlain had set over Daniel, Ananias, Misael, and Asarias, and said: O prove but ten days with your servants, and let us have pottage to eat, and water to drink: Then look upon our faces, and theirs that eat of the kings meat. And as you see, so deal with your servants. So he consented to them in this matter, and proved them ten days. And after the ten days, their faces were better liking and fatter, then all the young springaldes, which ate of the kings meat.
Thus Melassar took away their meat and the wine, and gave them pottage therefore. God gave now these four children cunning and learning in all *scripture and wisdom: but unto Daniel specially, he gave understanding of all visions and dreams. Now when the time expired, that the king had appointed to bring in these young springaldes unto him: the chief chamberlain brought them before Nabuchodonosor, and the king communed with them. But among them all were found none such as Daniel, Ananias, Misael, and Asarias. Therefore stood they before the king which in all wisdom and matters of understanding, that he enquired of them, found them ten times better, then all the soothsayers and charmers, that were in all his realm. And Daniel abode still, unto the first year of king Cyrus. *scripture: note this word and compare all the different Bibles written to mens purposes
The Second Chapter
In the second year of the reign of Nabuchodnosor, had Nabuchodnosor a dream, where through his spirit was vexed, and his sleep brake from him. Then the king commanded to call together all the soothsayers, charmers, witches and Caldees, for to show the king his dream. So they came, and stood before the king. And the king said unto them: I have dreamed a dream, and my spirit was so troubled therewith, that I have clean forgotten, what I dreamed. Upon this the Caldees answered the king in the *Syrians speech: O king, God save your life forever. Show your servants the dream, and we shall show you, what it means. The king gave the Caldees their answer, and said: It is gone from me: If you will not make me understand the dream with the interpretation thereof, you shall die, and your houses shall be prized. But if you tell me the dream and the meaning thereof, you shall have of me gifts, rewards and great honor: only, show me the dream, and the signification of it. They answered again, and said: the king must show his servants the dream, and so shall we declare what it means. Then the king answered, saying: I perceive of a truth, that you do but prolong the time: for so much as you see, that the thing is gone from me. Therefore you will not tell me the dream, you shall all have one judgement: But you faine and dissemble with vain words, which you speak before me, to put off the time. Therefore tell me the dream, and so shall I know, if you can show me, what it means. Upon this, the Caldees gave answer before the king, and said: There is no man upon the earth, that can tell the thing, which the king speaks of: yes there is neither king, prince, nor Lord, that ever asked such things at a soothsayer, charmer, or Caldeer: for it is a very hard matter, that the king requires. Neither is there any that can certify the king thereof, except the gods, whose dwelling is not among the creatures. *Syrians speech= exalted language of oppression, destruction. RN
For the which cause the king was wroth with great indignation, and commanded to destroy all the wise men at Babylon: and the proclamation went forth, that the wise men should be slain. They sought also to slay Daniel with his companions. Then Daniel enquired Arioch the kings steward, of the judgement and sentence, that was gone forth already to kill such as were wise at Babylon. He answered and said to Arioch being then the kings deputy: Why has the king proclaimed so cruel a sentence? So Arioch told Daniel the matter. Upon this, went Daniel up, and desired the king, that he might have favor, to show the king the interpretation: and then came he home again and showed the thing unto Ananias, Misael, and Asarias his companions: that they should beseech the God of heaven for grace in this secret, that Daniel and his fellows with others such as were wise in Babylon, perish not. Then was the mystery shown unto Daniel in a vision by night. And Daniel praised the God of heaven. Daniel also cried aloud, and said: O that the name of God might be praised for ever and ever, for wisdom and strength are his own: he changes the times and ages: he puts down kings, he sets up kings: he gives wisdom unto the wise, and understanding to those that understand, he opens the deep secrets: he knows the thing that lies in darkness, for the light dwells with him. I thank you, and pray you, O you God of my fathers, that you have sent me wisdom and strength, and have showed me the thing, that we desired of you, for you have opened the kings matter unto me.
Upon this went Daniel in unto Arioch, whom the king had ordained to destroy the wise at Babylon: he went unto him ,and said: destroy not such as are wise in Babylon, but bring me unto the king, and I shall show the king the interpretation. Then Arioch brought Daniel into the king in all the haste, and said unto him: I have found a man among the prisoners of Judah, that shall show the king the interpretation. Then answered the king, and said unto Daniel, whose name was Balthasar: are you he, that can show me the dream, which I have seen, and the interpretation thereof? Daniel answered the king to his face, and said: As for this secret, for which the king makes inquisition: it is neither the wise men, the sorcerer, the charmer nor the devil conjurer, that can certify the king of it: Only God in heaven can open secrets, and he it is, that shows the king Nabuchodnosor, what is for to come in the latter days.
Thy dream, and that which you have seen in your head upon your bed, is this: O king, you did cast in your mind, what should come hereafter: So he that is the opener of mysteries, tells the, what is for to come. As for me, this secret is not showed me, for any wisdom that I have, more than any other living: but only that I might show the king the interpretation, that he might know the thoughts of his own heart. You king sawest, and behold: there stood before you a great Image, whose figure was marvelous great, and his visage grim. The image head was of fine gold, his breast and his arms of silver, his body and loins were of copper, his legs of iron, his feet were part of iron, and part of earth.
This you sawest, till the time that (without any hands) there was hewn of a stone which smote the image upon his feet, that were both of iron and earth, and brake them to powder: Then was the iron, the earth, the copper, the silver and gold broken altogether in pieces: and became like the chaff of corn, that the wind blows away from the summer floors, that they can no more be found. But the stone that smote the Image, became a great mountain, which filled the whole earth: This is the dream. And now will we show before the king, what it means.
O king, you are a King of kings: For the God of heaven has given you a kingdom, riches, strength, and majesty: And has delivered you all things, that are among the children of men: the beasts of the field, and the fowls under heaven, and given you dominion over them all. You are that golden head. After you there shall arise another kingdom, which shall be less than yours. The third kingdom shall be like copper, and have dominion in all lands. The fourth kingdom shall be strong as iron. For like as iron bruise and breaks all things: Yes even as iron beats everything down, so shall it beat down and destroy.
Whereas you saw the feet and toes, part of earth and part of iron: that is a divided kingdom, which nevertheless shall have some of the iron ground mixed with it, for so much as you have seen the iron mixed with the clay.
The toes of the feet that were part of iron and part of clay, signifies: that it shall be a kingdom partly strong and partly weak. And whereas you saw iron mix with clay: they shall mingle themselves with the seed of simple people: and yet not continue with one another, like as iron will not be soldered with a potsherd.
In the days of these kings, shall the God of heaven set up an everlasting kingdom, which shall not perish, and his kingdom shall not be given over to another people: Yes the same shall break and destroy all these kingdoms, but it shall endure for ever.
And where as you sawest, that without any hands there was cut out of the mountain a stone, which break the iron, the copper, the earth, the silver and gold in pieces: by that has the great God showed the king, what will come after this. This is a true dream, and the interpretation of it is sure.
Then the king Nabuchodnosor fell down upon his face, and bowed himself unto Daniel, and commanded that they should offer meatofferings and sweet odors unto him. The king answered Daniel, and said: Yes of a truth your God is a God above all gods, and Lord above all kings, and an opener of secrets: seeing you can discover this mystery. So the king made Daniel a great man, and gave him many and great gifts.
He made him ruler of all the countries of Babylon, and Lord of all nobles, that were at Babylon. Now Daniel entreated the king for Sidrach, Misach, and Abednago, so that he made them rulers over all the offices in the land of Babylon: But Daniel himself remained still in the court by the King.
The Third Chapter
Nabuchodonosor the king caused golden Image to be made, which was sixty cubits high and six cubits thick. This he made to be set it up in the field of Dura, in the land of Babylon and sent out to gather together the dukes, lords and nobles, the judges and officers, the deputies and *shreves with all the rulers of the land: that they might come to the dedication of the Image which Nabuchodonosor the king had set up. So the dukes, lords and nobles, the judges and officers, the deputies and *shreves with all the rulers of the land gathered them together, and came unto the dedication of the Image that Nabuchodonosor the king had set up. *shreves = a kind of Babylonian priest:
Now when they stood before the Image, which Nabuchodonosor had set up, the *bedel cried out with all his might: O you people, kindred and tongues, to you be it said: that when you hear the noise of the trumpets, which shall be blown, with harps, shawmes (cornet) Psalteries, Symphonies and all manner of Music: you shall fall down and worship the golden Image, that Nabuchodonosor the king has set up. Whoso then falls not down and bows himself, shall even that same hour be cast in to an hot burning oven. Therefore, when all the flock heard the noise of the trumpets, that are blown, with the harps, shawmes (cornet), Psalteries, Symphonies and all kind of Melody: then all the people, kindreds and nations fell down, and bowed themselves to the golden Image, that Nabuchodonosor the king had set up.
*bedel=beadle A minor parish official formerly employed in an English church to usher and keep order during services.[ Middle English bedel, herald (from Old English bydel)
Now were there certain Caldees, that went even then and accused the Jews, and said unto the king Nabuchodonosor: O king, God save your life for ever. You being king have given a commandment, that all men when they hear noise of the trumpets, harps, shawmes (cornet) psalteries, symphonies and all the other melodies: shall fall down and bow themselves before the golden Image: whoso then fell not down and worshipped not, that he should be cast in to an hot burning oven. Now there are certain Jews, whom you have set over the offices of the land of Babylon: namely, Sidrach, Misach, and Abednago. These men, (O king) regard not your commandment, yes they will not serve your god, nor bow themselves down to the golden Image, that you have set up.
Then Nabuchodonosor in a cruel wrath and displeasure, commanded that Sidrach, Misach, and Abednago should be brought to him. So these men were brought before the king. Then Nabuchodonosor spoke unto them, and said: what? O Sidrach, Misach, and Abednago, will you not serve my gods? nor bow yourselves to the golden Image, that I have set up? well, be ready hereafter, when you hear the noise of trumpets blow with the harps, shawmes (cornet) psalteries, symphonies and all the other melodies: that you fall down, and worship the Image which I have made. But if you worship it not, you shall be cast immediately in to an hot burning oven. Let see, what God is there, that may deliver you out of my hands? Sidrach, Misach, and Abednago, answered the king, an said: O Nabuchodonosor, we ought not to consent unto that in this matter, for why? our God whom we serve, is able to keep us from the hot burning oven (O king) and can right well deliver us out of your hands: And though he will not, yet shall you know (O king) that we will not serve your gods, nor do reverence to the Image, which you have set up. Then was Nabuchodonosor full of indignation, so that the countenance of his face changed upon Sidrach, Misach, and Abednago. Therefore he charged and commanded, that the oven should be made seven times hotter, then it was wont to be: and spoke unto the strongest worthies that were in his house, for to bind Sidrach, Misach, and Abednago, and to cast them in to the hot burning oven.
So these men were bound in their coats, hosen, shoes with their other garments, and cast in to the hot burning oven. for the kings commandment was so straight, and the oven was exceeding hot. As for the men that put in Sidrach, Misach, and Abednago, the flame of the fire destroyed them. And these three men, Sidrach, Misach, and Abednago fell down in the hot burning oven, being fast bound. Then Nabuchodonosor the king marveled, and stood up in all haste: he spoke unto his counsel and said: did not you cast these three men bound into the fire? They answered, and said unto the king: Yes O king. He answered and said: Lo for all that, yet do I see four men loose in the midst of the fire, and nothing corrupt: and the fourth is like an angel to look upon. Upon this went Nabuchodonosor unto the mouth of the hot burning oven: he spoke also, and said: O Sidrach, Misach, and Abednago, you servants of the high God: go forth, and come hither. And so Sidrach, Misach, and Abednago, went out of the fire. Then the dukes, lords and nobles, and the kings counsel came together to see these men, upon whom the fire had no manner of power in their bodies: in so much that the very hair of their head was not burnt, and their bodies unchanged: Yes there was no smell of fire felt upon them.
Then spoke Nabuchodonosor, and said: Blessed be the God of Sidrach, Misach, and Abednago: which has sent his angel, and delivered his servants, that put their trust in him: that have altered the kings commandment: and *ieoperde (jeopardy) their bodies there upon: rather then they would serve or worship any other God, except their own God only. Therefore I will and command, that all people, kindreds and tongues, which speak any blasphemy against the God of Sidrach, Misach, and Abednago, shall die and their houses shall be prized: Because, there is no God that may save, as this. So the king promoted Sidrach, Misach, and Abednago, in the land of Babylon.
The Fourth Chapter
Nabuchodonosor King unto all people, kindreds and tongues that dwell upon the whole earth: peace be multiplied among you I thought it good to show the tokens and marvelous works, that the high God has wrought upon me. O how great are his tokens, and how mighty are his wonders? His kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and his power lasts for ever and ever.
I Nabuchodonosor being at rest in mine house, and flourishing in my palace, saw a dream, which made me afraid: and the thoughts that I had upon my bed, with the visions of my head, troubled me. Then sent I out a commission, that all they which were of wisdom at Babylon should be brought before me, to tell me the interpretation of the dream. So there came the soothsayers, charmers, Caldees and conjurers of devils: to whom I told the dream, but what it be token, they could not show me: till at the last, there came one Daniel (other wise called Balthasar, according to the name of my god) which has the spirit of the holy gods, in him: to whom I told the dream, saying: For so much as I know, that you have the spirit of the holy Gods and no secret is hid from you: tell me therefore, what the vision of my dream (that I have seen) may signify. I saw a vision in my head upon my bed: and behold, there stood a tree upon the ground, which was very high, great and mighty: the highth reached unto the heaven, and the breadth extended to all the ends of the earth: his leaves were fair, he had very much fruit, so that every man had enough to eat therin.
The beasts of the field had shadows under it, and the fowls of the air dwelt in the boughs thereof. Shortly, all creatures fed of it. I saw in my head a vision upon my bed: and behold, a watcher came down from heaven, and cried mightily, saying. Hew down the tree, break off his branches, shake off his leaves, and scatter his fruit abroad: that all the beasts may get them away from under him, and the fowls from his branches. Nevertheless leave the ground of his root still in the earth, and bind him upon the plain field, with chains of iron and steel. With the dew of heaven shall he be wet, and he shall have his part with the herbs of the ground with the other wild beasts.
That mans heart of his shall be taken from him, and a beats heart shall be given him, till seven years be come and gone from him.
This errand of the watcher is a commandment grounded and sought out in the country of him, that is most holy: to learn men for to understand, that the highest has power over the kingdoms of men, and gives them, to whom it likes (pleases) him, and brings the very out casts of men over them. This is the dream, that I king Nabuchodonosor have seen. Therefore O Balthasar, tell you me what it signifies: for so much as all the wise men of my kingdom are not able to show me what it means. But you can do it, for the spirit of the holy Gods is in you.
Then Daniel (whose name was Balthasar) held his peace by the space of an hour and his thoughts troubled him. So the king spoke, and said: O Balthasar, let neither the dream nor the interpretation thereof fear you. Balthasar answered saying: O my Lord, this dream happen to your enemies, and the interpretation to your adversary. As for the tree that you saw which was so great and mighty, whose height reached unto the heaven, and his breadth in to all the world: whose leaves were fair, and the fruit thereof much: under the which the beasts of the field had their habitation, and upon whose branches the fowls of the air did sit.
Even you (O king) are the tree, great and strong. your greatness increases, and reaches unto heaven, so does your power to the ends of the earth. But where as the king saw a watcher even an holy one angel, that came down from heaven, and said: hew down the tree, and destroy it: yet leave the ground of the root in the earth: and bind him upon the plain field with chains of iron and steel: He shall be wet with the dew of heaven, and his part with the beasts of the field, till seven years be come and gone from him: This (O king) is the interpretation , yes it is the very device of him, that is highest of all, and it touched my Lord the king.
You shall be cast from men, and your dwelling shall be with the beasts of the field: with grass shall you be fed like an ox. You must be wet with the dew of heaven: yes seven years shall come, and go upon you, till you know, that the highest has power upon the kingdoms of men, and gives them to whom he *list.(inclined to do) Moreover, where it was said, that the root of the tree should be left still in the ground: it betokens, that your kingdom shall remain whole unto you, after you has learned to know, that the power comes from heaven. Wherefore, O king, be content with my counsel, that you may lose your sins with righteousness, and your offenses with mercy to poor people: for such things shall prolong peace. All these things touche the King Nabuchodonosor.
So after twelve months, the king walked up and down in the palace of the kingdom of Babylon, and said: This is the great city of Babylon, which I myself (with my power and strength) have made a kings court, for the honor of my majesty. While these words were yet in the kings mouth, there fell a voice from heaven, saying: O king Nabuchodonosor, to that be it spoken: your kingdom is departed from you, you shall be cast out of mens company: your dwelling shall be with the beasts of the field, so that you shall eat grass like as an ox, till seven years be come and gone over you: even until you know, that the highest has power upon the kingdoms men, and that he may give them, unto whom it pleases him. The very same hour was this matter fulfilled upon Nabuchodonosor: so that he was cast out from mens company, and ate grass like an ox, His body was wet with the dew of heaven, till his hairs were as great as Eagles feathers, and his nails like birds claws.
When this time was past, I Nabuchodonosor lifted up mine eyes unto heaven, and mine understanding was restored unto me again. Then I gave thanks to the highest. I magnified and praised him that lives for evermore, whose power endures always, and his kingdom from one generation to another: in comparison of whom all they that dwell upon the earth, are to be reputed as nothing.
He handles according to his will, among the powers of heaven and among the inhabitants of the earth: and there is none that may resist his hand, or say: what do you? At the same time was mine understanding given me again, and I was restored to the honor of my kingdom, to my dignity, an to my own shape again. My great estates and Princes sought unto me, and I was set in my kingdom again, so that I had yet greater worship.
Then did I Nabuchodonosor, love, magnify and praise the King of heaven: for all his works are true, and his ways right. As for those that go on proudly, he is able to bring them down.
The Fifth Chapter
King Balthazar made a great banquet to his thousand Lords: with all these thousand he made great cheer, and when he was drunken with wine, he commanded to bring him the golden and silver vessels, which his father Nabuchodonosor had taken out of the temple at Jerusalem: that the king and his princes, his wives, and his concubines, might drink therein.
Then they brought the golden vessels that were taken out of the temple of the house of God which was at Jerusalem; and the king and his lords with his queen and concubines might drink thereout.
So they brought the golden vessel, that was taken out of the temple of the Lords house at Jerusalem. Then the king and his lords with his queen and concubines drunk out of then. They drunk wine, and praised their Idols of gold, silver, copper, iron, wood, and stone.
In the same hour there appeared fingers, as it had been of a mans hand writing, right over against the candlestick upon the plain wall in the kings palace: and the king saw the palm of the hand that wrote. Then changed the kings countenance, and his thoughts troubled him, so that the joints of his body shook, and his knees smote one against another. Wherefore the king cried mightily, that they should bring him the charmers, Caldees and the conjurers of devils. The king spoke also to the wise men of Babylon, and said: Who so can read this writing, and show me the plain meaning thereof: shall be clothed with purple, have a chain of gold about his neck, and rule the third part of my kingdom.
Upon this, came in all the kings wise men: but they could neither read the writing, nor show the king what it signified. Then was king sore afraid in so much, that his color changed, and his lords were sore vexed. So by reason of this matter, that had happened to the king and his lords, the queen went up herself into the banquet house, and spoke unto the king, saying: O king, God save your life forever: Let not these thoughts trouble you, and let not your countenance be changed. For why ? there is a man in your kingdom, that has the spirit of the holy gods within him, as it was seen in your fathers days. He has understanding and wisdom like the gods, Yes the king Nabuchodonosor your father made this man chief of the soothsayers, charmers, Caldees and devil conjurers: because that such an abundant spirit, knowledge and wisdom, to expound dreams, open secrets, and to declare hard doubts, was found in him: Yes even in Daniel, whom the king named *Balthazar. Let this same Daniel be sent for, and he shall tell, what it means. *Balthazar = note: this is the exact same spelling as the kings name. RN
Then was Daniel brought before the king. So the king spoke unto Daniel, and said: are you that Daniel, one of the prisoners of Juda whom my father the king brought out of Jewry? I have heard speak of you, that you have the spirit of the holy gods, experience and understanding, and that there has been great wisdom found in you. Now have there been brought me, wise and conjuring charmers, to read this writing, and to show me the meaning thereof: but they could not tell me, what this matter signified. Then heard I say, that you can expound dark things, and declare hard doubts. Well then, if you can read this writing, and show me the meaning thereof: you shall be clothed with purple, and have a chain of gold about your neck, and rule the third part of my kingdom.
Daniel answered, and said before the king: As for your rewards, keep them to yourself, or give your rich gifts to another: yet not the less, I will read the writing unto the king, and show him the interpretation thereof. O king, God the highest gave unto Nabuchodonosor your father, the dignity of a king, with worship and honor: So that all people, kindreds and tongues stood in awe and fear of him, by reason of the high estate, that he had sent him. For why? he slew whom he would: he smote, whom it pleased him. Again: whom he would he set up: and whom he list, he put down. But because his heart was so proud, and his stomach set so fast unto wilfulness: he was disposed from his kingly throne, and his majesty was taken from him. He was shut out from among men, his heart was like a beasts heart, and his dwelling was with the wild asses: he was faine to eat grass like an ox, and his body was wet with the dew of heaven: till he knew, that the highest had power upon the kingdoms of men, and sets over them, whom he list.
And you his son (O Balthazar) for all this, have not submitted your heart, though you knew all these things: but have magnified yourself above the Lord of heaven, so that the vessels of his house were brought before you: and you, and your lords, with your queen and concubines, might drink wine thereout: and have praised the Idols of silver and gold, copper and iron, of wood and stone: As for the God in whose hand consists your breath and all your ways: you have not loved him.
Therefore is the palm of this hand sent hither from him, to token up this writing. And this is the scripture, that is written up: Mane, Thetel, Phares. Now the interpretation of the thing is this: Mane, God has numbered the kingdom, and brought it to an end: Thetel, you are weighed in the balance, and are found to be light: Phares, your kingdom is dealt in parts, and given to the Medes and Perses.
Then commanded Balthazar, to clothe Daniel with purple, and to hang a chain of gold about his neck, and to make a proclamation concerning him: that he should be the ruler of the third part of his kingdom. The very same night was Balthazar the king of the Caldees slain, and Darius out of Medea took in the kingdom, being sixty two years of age.
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