Table of Contents
The Book of Josua
or Joshua(Part Three)
The 13th Chapter
When Josua was waxen old, and stricken in years, the Lord said unto him: you are old and stricken in years, and there remains yet exceeding much land to be possessed. This is the land that remains: all the coasts of the Philistines: and all the Gesurites: from Nile in Egypt unto the borders of Akaron northward, which land was counted to pertain unto the Cananites, even to the five Lords of the Philistines: the Asathites, Asdadites, Ascalonites, Gethites, Akaronites, with the Evites, from the south. All the land of the Cananites, and Maara that pertains to the Sidons, even unto Aphek, and to the borders of the Amorites. And the land of the Giblites, and all Libanon toward the *son rising, from Baal Gad under mount Hermon until you come to Hemath, all the inhabiters of the hill country, from Libanon unto the hot waters even all the Sidones. I will cast them out from before the children of Israel, and see that you in any wise divide it by lot unto the children of Israel to inherit, as I have commanded you. Now therefore divide this land to inherit, unto the nine tribes and the half tribe of Manasses. For the other half with the Rubenites and the Gaddites have received their inheritance already which Moses gave them beyond Jordan Eastward: even as Moses the servant of the Lord gave them: from Aroer that lies on the brim of the river Arnon: with the city in the midst of the river. And all the plain of Midba unto Dibon: and all the cities of Sehon, King of the Amorites which reigned in Hesbon, even unto the borders of the children of Ammon: and Galaad, and the lands that border upon the Gesurites and the Machasites, and all mount Hermon and all Basan unto Selecah: even all the kingdom of Og in Basan which reigned in Astharoth and Edrai which same remained yet of the *Rest of the Raphaites. But Moses smote them and destroyed them. *son exact spelling sonne, elsewhere in the text sun is spelled sunne. *R cap R as written.
Nevertheless the children of Israel expelled not the Gesurites nor the Machasites: But the Gesurites and the Machasites dwelt among the Israelites even unto this day. Only unto the tribe of Levi, he gave none inheritance: for the offering of the Lord God of Israel is their inheritance as he said unto them.
And Moses gave unto the tribe of the children of Ruben by their kindreds. And their coasts were from Aroer that lies on the bank of the river Arnon, and the city that lies in the river, and all the plain about Madba, Hesbon, and all her towns that lie in the plain: Dibon Bamothbaal and Bethbaalmeon: Jahazah, Kedemoth and Nephaath Kiriathaim, Sabamah and Zarath Zahar in mount Emak: and Beth Pheor and the springs of Phasgah, and Bethiesimoth: and all the cities in the plain. And all the kingdom of Sehon King of the Amorites which reigned in Hesbon, whom Moses smote with the Lords of Madian, Evi, Rekem, Zur, Hur and Reba, the Lords of Sehon, and the *Enhabiters of the country. And Balam also the son of Beor the soothsayer, the children of Israel slew with the sword, among other that were slain. And the borders of the children of Ruben was Jordan with the country that lies theron. This is the inheritance of the children of Ruben in their kindreds, with the cities and villages pertaining thereto. *Enhabiters: Cap E as recorded: these that in their hearts thought that they possessed the land by power, wealth and cunning...having no regard for righteous living. These enhabitors made no room for the instruction from our father as to worthy living one amongst another, and so their land became the possessions of the chosen people of our father. RN
And Moses gave unto the tribe of Gad, even unto the children of Gad he gave by kindreds. And their coasts were Jazer, and all the cities of Galaad, and half the land of the children of Ammon, unto Aroer that lies before Rabah: And from Hesbon unto Ramoth mazphah, and Betonim: and from Mahanaim unto the borders of Dabir. And in the valley they had Betharam, Bethnimra, Socoth, and Zaphon, the rest of the kingdom of Sehon King of Hesbon, and Jordan and the coasts that lie theron, even unto the edge of the sea of Ceneroth, on the other side Jordan *Eastward. This is the inheritance of the children of Gad in their kindreds, the cities with their villages. *E cap E as recorded
And Moses gave unto the half tribe of Manasses. And the half tribe of Manasses had their part by their kindreds. And their coasts were from Mahanaim, even all Basan, the kingdom of Og, King of Basan, and all the towns of Jair which lie in Basan, even three score cities, and half Galaad and Astaroth, and Edrai, cities of the kingdom of Og in Basan, which pertain unto the children of Machir the son of Manasses, and that unto half the children of Machir by their kindreds.
These are they to which Moses gave inheritance in the fields of Moab, on the other side Jordan by Jericho Eastward. But unto the tribe of Levi Moses gave none inheritance, for the Lord God of Israel he is their inheritance, as he said unto them.
The 14th Chapter
And these are the countries which the children inherited in the land of Canaan, unto which Eleazar the priest, and Josua the son of Nun and the ancient heads of the tribes of the children of Israel, gave them their inheritance by lot, as the Lord commanded by the hand of Moses, to give unto the nine tribes, and unto the half tribe of Manasses. For Moses had given inheritance unto two tribes and an half on the other side Jordan. But unto the Levites he gave none inheritance among them. For the children of Joseph were two tribes, Manasses and Ephraim. And therefore they gave no part unto the Levites in the land, save cities to dwell in and the suburbs of the same, for their beasts and cattle. As the Lord commanded Moses: even so the children of Israel did when they divided the land.
And the children of Juda came unto Josua in Galgall. And Caleb the son of Jephune the Kenesite said unto him: you wettest what the Lord said unto Moses the man of God, about me and you in Cades Barne. Forty years old was I when Moses the servant of the Lord sent me from Cades Barne to spy out the land. And I brought them word again even as I thought in mine heart. Nevertheless my brethren that went up with me discouraged the hearts of the people. But I followed the Lord my God even unto the end.
And Moses sware the same season saying the land whereon your feet have trodden, shall be your inheritance and your children for ever because you have followed the Lord my God continually. And now behold, the Lord has kept me lusty (as he said) this forty and five years, even since the Lord spoke unto Moses, while the children of Israel wandered in the wilderness. And now see I am this day four score and five years: and yet am as strong at this time, as I was when Moses sent me: look how strong I was then, so strong I am now, to war and to do all manner of things.
Now therefore give me this mountain which the Lord at that time promised, for you heard at the time, how the Enakims were there, and how the cities were great and walled. I trust the Lord will be with me, and I shall drive them out as the Lord said. And Josua blessed Caleb the son of Jephune and gave him Hebron to inherit. And Hebron became the inheritance of Caleb the son of Jephune the Kenesite, unto this day: because he followed the Lord God of Israel perpetually. And the name of Hebron was called in old time, Kariath arbe, which was a huge man among the Enakims. And the land ceased from war.
The 15th Chapter
And the lot of the tribe of the children of Juda in their kindreds was the wilderness of Zin that stretched to the coasts of Edom southward, and is the utmost part of the south coasts. And their south coasts were from the brink of the salt sea and from a certain point of the sea that leans southward. And it went out on the south side of the going up to Acrabim, and went along to Zimma, and ascended up on the south side of Cedes Barne, and went along the Hezron and went up to Adar, and set a compass to Karca and went along to Azmon, and it went out to the river of Egypt: so that the end of the coast is the sea. And these are their south coasts.
And their east coasts are the salt sea even unto the edge of Jordan. And their borders in the north quarter were from another point of the sea where Jordan ends. And went up to Bethhagla and went along by the north side of Betharabah and went to the stone of Bohen the son of Ruben. And then went up to Dabir from the valley of Acor, and so northward, turning toward Galgall that lies before the going up to Adonim, which is of the south side of the River. And then went along to the water of Ensemes, and ended at the well of Rogell. And then went up to the valley of the son of Hennom, even unto the south side of the Jebusites the inhabiters of Jerusalem. And then went up to the top of the hill that lies before the valley of Hennom westward, and by the edge of the valley of Raphaim northward: And then it draws from the sand hill unto the fountain of water called Nephthoah, and goes out at the cities of mount Ephron: and draws to Balah, otherwise called kariathiarim: and then it compasses from Balah westward, unto Eyr, and then goes along unto the side of mount Jarim, otherwise called Chesalon, on the north side thereof. And comes down to Bethsames and goes to Thamnah, and goes out on the side of Akaron northward: And then draws to Secron and goes along to mount Balah, and goes out at Jabnel: and the end of the coasts is the sea. And the west borders are the great sea and the coasts that lie theron. And these are the coasts of the children of Juda round about in their kindreds.
And unto Caleb the son of Jephune was there a part given among the children of Juda, by the mouth of the Lord to Josua, even the city of Kariatharbe father of Enack which city is called Hebron. And Caleb drove from that place the three sons of Enack, Sefai, Ahman, and Thalmai, the sons begotten of Enack. And he went up from that place, to the inhabiters of Dabir, whose name in the old time was kariath sepher. And Caleb said: he that smites kariath sepher and takes it: to him will I give Acsah my daughter to wife. And Othinel, the son of Kenes, the brother of Caleb took it. And he gave him Acsah his daughter to wife. And as she went she moved him, to ask of her father a field. And she alighted off her ass. And Caleb said unto her, what ails you. And she said, give me a blessing: for you have given me a southward and dry land: give me also springs of water. Then he gave her springs of water, both above and beneath. This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Juda in their kindreds.
And the cities of the tribe of the children of Juda in all quarters, toward the coasts of Edom southward, were: Kabzel, Eder, and Jagur: Kinah, Dimonah, and Adada: Kedes Hazer, and Jethnan: Ziph, Telem, and Baloth, Hazer Hadathah, and Karioth, Hezron, otherwise called Hazor: Eman, Sami, and Moladah: Hazargadah, Hasmon, and Bethpheleth: Hazarsual, Bersabe, and Baziothiah: Baalah, Jim, and Azen: Eltholad, Cesill, and Horma: Zikelag, Medemenah, and Sensenah: Labaoth, Selhim, Ain, and Kemon: all these cities are twenty and nine with their villages. And in the low country they had Esthaol, Zareah, and Asenah: Zoneah, Enganim, Thaphuah and Enam: Jerimoth, Adulam, Socoh, and Askah: Saarem, Adithaim, Gederah, and Geberothaim: fourteen cities with their villages.
Zenan, Hadazah, and Magdalgad: Delean Mazphah, and Jekyoul: Lachis, Bazcath, and Eglon: Cabon, Lahamam, and Cethlis: Gaderoth, Bethdagon, Maamah and Makedah: sixteen cities with their villages.
Lebnah, Ether, and Asan: Jephthah, Asnah, and Nezib: Keilah, Kahezip, and Maresah: nine cities with their villages.
Akron with their towns and villages. And from Akron out to the sea, all that lies about Asdod with their villages. Asdod with her towns and villages. Asah with her towns and villages, even unto the river of Egypt: and the great sea with the coasts that lie thereon.
And in the mountains, they had Samir Jathir, and Socoh: Danah: and Kariath senath, which is Dabir: Anab, Esthemoh, and Anim: Gozen, Holon, and Giloh: eleven cities with their villages. Arab, Dumah, and Esean: Janim, Beththapuah and Aphcah: Humatah and kariath arbe: which is Hebron and Zior: nine cities with their villages. Maon, Carmel, Siph, and Jutah: Jesraell, Jukadan, and Sanoeh: Cain, Gabaah, and Thamnah: ten cities with their villages. Halhull Bethzur, and Gedor: Maarath, Bethanoth, and Elthecon: Six cities with their villages. Kariath Baal which is kariath Jarim, and Harabba two cities with their villages.
And in the wilderness they had Betharabah, Meddin and Sacacah: Nebson, the city of salt, and Engadi: Six cities with their villages. But the Jebusites that were the inhabiters of Jerusalem: the children of Juda could not cast out. Wherefore the Jebusites dwell among the children of Juda unto this day.
The 16th Chapter
A And the lot of the children of Joseph fell from Jordan by Jericho, unto the water of Jericho eastward, and the wilderness that goes up from Jericho throughout mount Bethel: and then goes out from Bethel to Lus, and runs along unto the borders of Arciataroth: and goes down westward, even unto the coasts of Japhlethi, and unto the coasts of Bethhoron the nether, and so to Gasor, and the ends of their coasts came to the sea. And so the children of Joseph, Manasses and Ephraim took their inheritance.
And the children of Ephraim took their coasts by kindreds. And the coasts of their inheritance *Eastward were, Ataroth Ador, even unto Bethhoron the upper, and went out westward to Machmathah on the *North side, and compassed *Eastward unto Thaanath Silo, and past it on the East side unto Janoah, and went down from Janoah to Ataroth and Naarath, and met at Jericho, and went out at Jordan. And their borders went from Thaphuah westward unto the river Kanah, and the ends were the sea. This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Ephraim in their kindreds, and the bordering cities of the children of Ephraim, lie among the inheritance of the children of Manasses: even all the cities with their villages. Notwithstanding they drove not out the Cananites that dwelt in Gasor: but the Cananites dwelt among the Ephraites unto this day, and pay tribute.* all capitals as recorded from the original.
The 17th Chapter
And the tribe of Manasses which was the eldest son of Joseph received a lot. And Machir the eldest son of Manasses which was the father of Galaad (and a man of war) had Galaad and Basan. And the rest of the children of Manasses received by their kindreds: which were the children of Abiezer: the children of Nelek: the children of Asriel: the children of Sichen, the children of Nepher: the children of Semida. These are the male children of Manasses the son of Joseph in their kindreds. But Zelaphead the son of Hepher the son of Galaad, the son of Machir, the son of Manasses, had no sons save daughters. And these are the names of his daughters: Mahela, Nea, Hagla, Melcha, and Thirza: which came before Eleazar the priest, and before Josua the son of Nun, and before the Lords saying: the Lord commanded Moses to give us an inheritance among our brethren. And he gave them at the mouth of the Lord, an inheritance among the brethren of their fathers. And there fell ten portions to Manasses beside the land of Galaad and Basan which are on the other side Jordan: because the daughters of Manasses did inherit among his sons. And Manasses other sons had the land of Galaad.
And the coasts of Manasses reached from Aser to Machmathah that lies before Sichem and went along on the right hand, even unto the inhabiters of Enthaphuah, and the land of Thaphuah belonged to Manasses, which Thaphuah lay in the borders between Manasses and the children of Ephraim. And the coasts descended unto the river Canah on whose south side Ephraim has cities among the cities of Manasses. For the coasts of Manasses were on the north side of the river and the ends of them was the sea: so that the south pertained to Ephraim, and the north to Manasses, and the sea is his border. And they met together in Aser northward, and in Isacar *Eastward. And Manasses had in Isacar and in Aser, Bethsean, and her towns: and the inhabiters of Dor, with the towns pertaining to the same: and the inhabiters of Endor with the towns of the same: and the inhabiters of Thaanath with her towns and the inhabiters of Magedo with the towns of the same, even three countries: yet the children of Manasses could not overcome those cities: But the Cananites began to dwell in the same land. Nevertheless as soon as the children of Israel were waxed strong, they put the Cananites to tribute, but expelled them not.
And the children of Joseph spoke unto Josua saying: why have you given us but one lot and one portion to inherit, seeing we be much people, and for as much as the Lord has blessed us so: and Josua answered them: if you be much people, then get you up to the wood country, and prepare for yourselves there in the land of the Pheresites and of the Raphaites, if mount Ephraim be too narrow for you. Then the children of Joseph said again the hill will not be gotten of us: for all the Cananites that dwell in the low country have chariots of iron, and so have they that inhabit Bethsean, and the towns of the same, and they also that dwell in the valley of Jezreel. And Josua answered the house of Joseph, Ephraim and Manasses saying: you be much people and have great power and shall not therefore have one lot. But the hill shall be yours, for it is a wood country and you shall bring it to fashion, and it shall be yours even unto the ends of it, for you shall be able to cast out the Cananites for all their iron chariots and for all they be so strong.
The 18th Chapter
And the whole congregation of the children of Israel came together at Siloh, and set up the tabernacle of witness there, and the land was in subjection before them. But there remained among the children of Israel seven tribes which had not their inheritance divided out. And Josua said unto the children of Israel, how long are you so slack to go and possess the land which the Lord God of your fathers has given you? Bring of every tribe three men that I may send them. And that they may rise and walk through the land and distribute it by their inheritances and come again to me. Divide it into seven parts. For Juda shall abide by their coasts in the south, and the house of Joseph shall stand to their coasts in the north. Describe you the land therefore into seven parts, and bring the description to me hither, that I may cast lots for you here before the Lord our God. The Levites have no part among you for the priestship of the Lord is their inheritance. And Gad, Ruben, and half the tribe of Manasses have received their inheritance beyond Jordan *Eastward, which Moses the servant of the Lord gave them. *capital E
And the men arose and went their way. And Josua charged them that went to describe the land saying: from here, now and go through the land and describe it, and come again to me hither: and I will cast lots for you before the Lord in Siloh. And the men departed, and walked through the land and described it by cities into seven parts in a book, and returned to Josua unto the host at Siloh. And Josua cast lots for them in Siloh before the Lord, and there he divided the land unto the children of Israel, to each their portion. And the lot of the tribe of the children of Benjamin came up according to their kindreds. And the coasts of their lot came out between the children of Juda and the children of Joseph. And their north coasts were from Jordan and went up to the side of Jericho on the north side, and went up through the mountains westward, and they ended at the wilderness of Bethaven: and went from that place to the south side of Lus, otherwise called Bethel: and descended to Ataroth Adar upon the hill that lies on the south side of the nether Bethhoron. And the west coast draws and compasses southward, even from the hill that lies before Bethhoron, and goes out at Kariathbaal which is Kariath Jarim, a city of the children of Juda: and this is the west quarter: and the south coast goes from the edge of Kariathjarim westward, and goes out to the water well, of Nephthoah and comes down to the edge of the hill that lies before the valley of the son of Hennom which is in the valley of Raphaim northward, and descends through the valley of Hennom unto the side of Jebusi southward and goes down to the well of Rogell. And compasses from the north and goes forth to Ensames and to the coasts that lie before the going up unto Adomim: and goes down to the stone of Bohan the son of Ruben: and then goes along toward the side of the plain, northward: and goes down into the plain: and goes along to the side of Bethhaglah northward, and ends and the point of the salt sea north therefrom, and at the end of Jordan south therefrom. This is the south coast.
And Jordan is their east coast, this is the inheritance of the children of Benjamin with their coasts round about and by their kindreds. And these are the cities of the tribes of the children of Benjamin in their kindreds: Jericho, Bethhaglah, and the valley of Kaziz: Betharabah, Zamarim, and Bethel: Auim, Pharah, and Ophrah; Chepar Ammonai, Ophni, and Gabai, twelve cities with their villages.
Gabaon, Ramah, and Beroth: Mazphah, Caphairah and Mozah: Rekem, Jarephel and Tharelah, Zela, Eleph, and the city of the Jebusites which is Jerusalem, Gabaath, and Kariath, fourteen cities with their villages. This is the inheritance of the children of Benjamin in their kindreds.
The 19th Chapter
And the second lot came out unto the tribe of the children of Simeon by their kindreds. And their inheritance fell in the midst of the inheritance of the children of Juda. And their inheritance was Bersabe, Sabe, and Moladah, Hazorsual, Balah, and Azem, Eltholad, Bethul and Hormah Zikelag, Bethmarcaboth and Hazetsusah, Bethlebaoth, and Saruhen thirteen cities with their villages. Aim, Remon, Ether and Asan, four cities with their villages: and thereto all the villages that lie round about these cities, even unto Balasath, Beor and Ramath, southward. This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Simeon in their kindreds out of the portion of the children of Juda, came the inheritance of the children of Simeon. For the part of the children of Juda was too much for them: and therefore the children of Simeon had their inheritance in the inheritance of them.
And the third lot came unto the children of Zabulon according unto their kindreds. And the coasts of their inheritance came to Sarid, and went up to the Sea and to Martalah, and touched at Dabaseth, and met at the river that lies before Jokneven: and turned from Sarid eastward toward the sun rising unto the border of Chisloth in mount Thabor: and then goes out to Dabereth and goes up to Japhia: and from that place goes along eastward toward the sun rising, to Sethah, Hepher Ithah, and Jazim, and goes to Remon, Methoar, and Neah. And compasses it on the north side and goes to Nathan, and ends in the valley of Jephthahel. And Jatath, Nathalol, Semron, Jedalah, and Bethlehem: twelve cities with their villages. This is the inheritance of the Children of Zabulon, in their kindreds. The said cities with their villages.
And the fourth lot came out to the children of Isacar by their kindreds. And their coasts were Jesraelah, Casuloth, Sunem, Napharaim, Silom, Anaharath: Harabith, Kision and Abez: Rameth, Enganim, Enhadah, and Bethphazez. And his coasts met at Thabor Sahazimah and at Bethsames and ends at Jordan, Sixteen cities with their villages. This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Isacar by their kindreds, the cities and their villages.
And the fifth lot came out unto the tribe of the children of Aser by their kindreds.
And their coasts were Helkath, Hali, Beten and Achsaph: Alamelech, Amaad, and Miseal: and met at Carmel on the sea, and at Sihor and at Labanath and turns toward the sun rising to Bethdagon, and met at Zabulon and in the valley of Jehthah, and toward the northside of Bethemek and Negel, and goes out on the left side of Cabul: and Hebron, Rohob, Hamon, and Kanah even unto great Sidon. And then the coast turns to Ramah and to the strong city of Azor and turns to Hozah and ends at the sea: by the possession of Achzibah: Ama, Aphek, and Rohob: twenty and two cities with their villages. This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Aser by their kindreds: these cities with their villages.
And the sixth lot came out unto the children of Nephthali by their kindreds. And their coasts were from Heleph and from Eloim Zaananim, and Adami, Nekeb and Jabneel even to Lakum, and go out at Jordan. And then the coast turns westward to Asanoth in mount Thabor, and then goes out from that place to Hukokah and meets with Zabulon on the south side, and with Aser on the west, and at Juda upon Jordan toward the sun rising. And their strong cities are Zidim, Ber, Hamath, Racath and Cenereth Adamah, Hermah and Hazor: Kedes, Edrai, and Enhazor: Ieron, Magdelel: Horem, Bethanah and Bethsames: nineteen cities with their villages. This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Nephthali by their kindreds: these cities and their villages.
And the seventh lot fell to the tribe of Dan by their kindreds. And the coasts of their inheritance was zaraah, Esthaol, Irsames, Saelabin, Aialon and Jethlah: Eglon, Themnathah and Akaron: Elthekeh Gibethon and Baalath: Jehud, Banebarak and Gathermon, Neiericon and Harcon with the country that lies before Japho. And the coasts of the children of Dan went out from beyond them. For the children of Dan went up and fought against Lesen and took it, and smote it with the edge of the sword, and conquered it, and dwelt therein and called it Dan, after the name of Dan their father.
This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Dan in their kindreds: these cities with their villages. When they had made an end of dividing the land by her coasts then the children of Israel gave an inheritance unto Josua the son of Nun among them: at the mouth of the Lord they gave him the city which he asked, even Thamnah serah in mount Ephraim. And he built the city and dwelt therein. These are the inheritances which Eleazar the priest and Josua the son of Nun, and the ancient fathers of the tribes of the children of Israel divided by lot in Siloh before the Lord, in the door of the tabernacle of witness, and so made an end of dividing the country.
The 20th Chapter
Then the Lord spoke unto Josua saying: come with the children of Israel and say: Appoint out free cities, of which I spoke unto you by Moses, that the slayer that kills any person unawares and unwittingly, may flee over there. And those cities shall be your refuge from the avenger of blood. And the slayer shall flee unto one of those Cities and shall stand in the entering of the gate of the city and shall show his cause in the ears of the elders of the said city. And they shall take him into the city unto them, and shall give him a place that he may dwell among them.
And when the avenger of blood follows after him they shall not deliver the slayer unto his hand: because he smote his friend ignorantly, and hated him not before time.
And he shall dwell in the said city until he stand before the congregation in Judgement, and until the death of the high priest that shall be in those days. And then shall the slayer return and come unto his own city and unto his own house, and unto the city from where he fled. And they appointed Kedes in Galile, in mount Nephthali, and Sichem in mount Ephraim, and kariatharbe which is Hebron, in the mountains of Juda. And on the other side Jordan over against Jericho eastward, they gave Bozor in the wilderness upon the plain, out of the tribe of Ruben and Ramoth in Galaad out of the tribe of Gad and Golan in Basan out of the tribe of Manasses.
These were the cities appointed for all the children of Israel, and to the strangers that *Sojourned among them that whosoever killed any person ignorantly, the same might flee over there and should not die by the hand of the avenger of blood, until he stood before the congregation. *cap S as recorded
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