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The Book of Ruth



The 1st Chapter
     In the time when the judges judged, there fell a dearth in the land. Wherefore a certain man of Bethlehem Juda went for to sojourn in the country of Moab with his wife and two sons. The name of the man was Elimelec, and his wife Noemi, and the names of his two sons were Mahalon and Chilion and they were Ephraites, out of Bethlehem Juda. And when they came into the land of Moab, they continued there. And Elimelec Noemis husband died, and she remained with her two sons which took them wives of the nations of the Moabites: the ones name Orphah and the others Ruth.
     And when they had dwelled there about a ten year, Mahalon and Chilion died also even both two of them, so that the wife was left desolate of her two sons and of her husband thereto. Then she stood up with her daughters in law and returned from the country of Moab: for she had heard say, being in the country of Moab: how that the Lord has visited his people and given them food. Wherefore she departed out of the place where she was and her two daughters with her. And as they went by the way returning unto the land of Juda, Noemi said unto her two daughters in law: go and return each of you unto your mothers house: the Lord deal as kindly with you, as you have dealt with the dead and with me. And the Lord give you that you may find rest either of you in the house of her husband: and so she kissed them.
     Then they cried and wept and said unto her we will go with you unto your folk. But Noemi said, turn again my daughters: for what cause would you go with me? think you that there be any more children in my bowels, to be your husbands? Turn again my daughters and go: for I am too old to have a husband. If I said I have hope, also if I took a man this night: yea, and though I had already borne sons? would you tarry after them, till they were of age? or would you for them so long refrain from taking of husbands? Not so my daughters: for it grieves me much for your sakes, that the hand of the Lord is gone out against me.
     Therewith they cried and wept again: how be it Orphah kissed her mother
in law but Ruth abode still by her, then she said: see, your sister in law is gone back again unto her people and unto her God: return you after her. But Ruth said: entreat me not to leave you, and to return from after you, for *whither you go, I will go, and where you dwell, there I will dwell: your people are my people, and your God is my God. Where you die, I will die, and there will be buried. The Lord do so and so to me, except that death only depart you and me asunder. *whither=what ever place, result, or condition.
     When she saw that she would needs go with her, she left speaking unto her. And so they went both together until they came to Bethlehem. And when they were come to Bethlehem, it was noised through all the city and the women said: is not this Noemi?
     But she said unto them, call me not Noemi: call me Mara, for the Almighty has made me very bitter. I went out full: but the Lord has brought me home empty. Why should you then call me Noemi: seeing the Lord has humbled me, and the Almighty has brought me unto adversity?
     And the time when Noemi with Ruth the Moabitess her daughter in law returned out of the country of Moab and came to Bethlehem, was in the beginning of barley harvest.

The 2nd Chapter
     And Noemi had a kinsman of her husbands, a man of might, of the kindred of Elimelec, named Booz. And Ruth the Moabitess said unto Noemi, let me go to the field and lease and gather ears, after whomsoever I find grace in his sight.
     And she said unto her: go my daughter. And she went and came and gathered after the harvest men, and her chance was that part of the field pertained unto Booz which was of the kindred of Elimelec. And behold, Booz came from Bethlehem and said unto the harvest men, the Lord be with you. And they answered him, the Lord bless you. Then said Booz unto the young man that had the oversight of the harvest men. Whose damsel is this? And the young man that was set to oversee the harvest men answered and said: it is the Moabitish damsel that came with Noemi out of the country of Moab, and she said, let me I pray you, lease and gather after the harvest men, the ears that remain. And so she came, and has continued even from the morning unto now, and tarried not long in the house.
     Then said Booz unto Ruth: hear you my daughter: go to no other field to gather, neither go from from here, now: but abide by my maidens. your eyes are on a field that shall be reaped: go after the maidens therefore, for I have charged the young men, that they touch you not. Moreover when you are a thirst, go unto the vessels and drink of that which the lads have drawn. Then she fell on her face and bowed herself to the ground and said unto him: how is that I have found grace in your eyes, to know me, seeing I am an alien?
     And Booz answered and said unto her: all is told me that you have done unto your mother in law since the death of your husband, how you have left your father and your mother, and the land where you was born, and are come unto a nation which you knew not in time past. The Lord quit your work, and a full reward be given you of the Lord God of Israel unto whom you are come, to trust under his wings. Then she said unto him, let me find favor in your sight my Lord, for you have comforted me and have spoken heartily unto your maid, which yet cannot be like unto one of your maids. And Booz when the time of *recession was come, said unto her: come hither and eat of the bread, and dip your sop in the vinegar. And she sat down by the reapers, and he raught (worked) her parched corn. And so she did eat and was sufficed and left part. And when she was risen up to gather, Booz said to the young men saying: let her gather the ears that remain and do her no despite. And thereto pull out of the sheaves for her and let it lie, that she may gather it up, and rebuke her not. And so she gathered until evening and then threshed that she had gathered, and it was upon an Epha of barley. And she took it up and went to the city, and showed her mother in law what she had gathered. And thereto she plucked out and gave to her that she had reserved when she had eaten enough. Then said her mother in law unto her, where gathered you today? and where wrought you? blessed be he that knew you. And she showed her mother in law with whom she had wrought and said: the mans name with whom I wrought today is Booz. Then said Noemi unto her daughter in law: blessed be he for he ceases not to do the same goodness to the dead, that he did to the living. And Noemi said unto her: the man is near unto us, even of our next kin. And Ruth the Moabite said: he bade me also, that I should continue with his young men, until they had ended all that harvest he has. Then said Noemi unto Ruth her daughter in law, it is best my daughter that you go out with his maidens, and that no man meet you in any other field. And so she kept her by the maidens of Booz, to gather unto the end of barley harvest and of wheat harvest also: and dwelt with her mother in law. *recession another read reflection

The 3rd Chapter
     Then Noemi her mother in law said unto her: my daughter I will seek rest for you, that you may be in better case. For now this Booz our kinsman with whose maidens you wast, winnows his barley tonight in the threshing floor: wash yourself therefore and anoint you and put your raiment upon you, and get you to the threshing floor. But let not the man be ware of you, until he have left eating and drinking. And when he goes to sleep, mark the place where he lays him down, and then go and lift up the clothes that are on his feet, and lay you down and so he shall tell you what you shall do. And she answered her: all that you bid me I will do.
     And so she went unto the floor, and did according to all that her mother in law bade her. And when Booz had eaten and drunken and made him merry, he went and lay down by the side of the heap. And she came softly, and lift up the clothes of his feet, and laid her down. And at midnight the man was afraid and groped. And behold: a woman lay at his feet. Then he said what are you and she answered, I am Ruth your handmaid, spread your mantle over your handmaid, for you are the next of the kin. And then he said blessed be you in the Lord my daughter, for you have showed more goodness in the latter end, than at the beginning, in as much as you followed not young men, whether they were poor or rich. And now my daughter fear not, I will do to you all that you require, for all the gates of my people know that you are a woman of virtue. And it is true that I am of your next kin: how be it, there is one nigher than I. Tarry all night. And when morning is come if he will marry you it is good, so let him do. But if he will not have you, as sure as the Lord lives I will have you, lie still until the morning. And so she lay at his feet until the morning. And she arose up before one could know another. And he said: let no man be ware, that there came any woman unto the threshing floor. And he said: bring your mantle that you had upon you and hold it up. And she held it up. And he mette (measured) in six measures of barley and laid it on her. And she got her into the city: and she came in to her mother in law which said: what tidings my daughter? And she told her all that the man had done to her. And said thereto, these six measures of barley gave he me and said: you shall not go empty unto your mother in law. Then said she: my daughter sit still, until you know how the matter will chance. For the man will not be in rest until he have finished the matter this same day.

The 4th Chapter
     Then went Booz unto the gate and sat him down there: and behold, the kinsman of which Booz spoke came by. Unto whom he said come and sit down here, and called him by his name. And he turned in and sat down. Then he took ten men of the elders of the city and said, sit you down here. And they sat down. Then he said unto the kinsman: Noemi that is come again out of the country of Moab, will sell a parcel of land, which was our brother Elimelecs. And I thought to do you to *wete and bid you buy it before the inhabiters and elders of my people, if you be disposed to challenge it: but and if you will not purchase it, then tell me that I may *wete it. For there is none to challenge it save you, and I next you. And the other answered I will purchase it. *wete: to know of it, make public
     Then said Booz, what day you buy the field of the hand of Noemi, you must take also Ruth the Moabite the wife of the dead, to stir up the name of the dead upon his inheritance. Then said the kinsman, I cannot purchase it for marrying of mine own inheritance: take you my right to you, for I cannot purchase it. Now this was the manner of old time in Israel concerning purchase and changing, for to establish all things: that a man must pluck off his shoe and give it his neighbor, and this was a witness in Israel.
     And the kinsman said to Booz, buy it you: and so drew off his shoe. Then said Booz unto the elders and unto all the people you are witnesses this day, that I have bought all that was Elimelecs, and all that was Chilions and Mahalons, of the hand of Noemi. And moreover Ruth the Moabite the wife of Mahalon, do I take unto me to wife to stir up the name of the dead upon his inheritance, that his name be not put out from among his brethren, and from the gate of his city: you are witnesses this day.
     And all the people that were in the gate, and the elders said we are witnesses: the Lord make the woman that is come into your house like Rahel and Lea, which twain did build the house of Israel: that she may do virtuously in Ephrathah, and be famous in Bethlehem, and that your house be like the house of pharez, whom Thamar bare unto Juda, even of the seed which the Lord shall give you of this young woman.
     And so Booz took Ruth, and she was his wife. And he went in unto her, and the Lord gave that she conceived and bare a son. And the women said unto Noemi: blessed be the Lord the which has not left you without an heir this day that shall have a name in Israel, and that shall bring your life again and cherish your old age. For your daughter in law which loves you has borne him that is better to you than seven sons. And Noemi took the child and laid it in her lap, and became nurse unto it. And her neighbors gave it a name saying: there is a child borne to Noemi, and called it Obed: he is the father of Isai, the father of David. This is the generation of Pharez: Pharez begat Hezron: Hezron begat Ram, Ram begat Aminadab, Aminadab begat Nahason, Nahason begat Salmon, Salmon begat Booz, Booz begat Obed, Obed begat Isai, Isai begat David.

Thus ends the book of Ruth


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