Table of Contents
The First Book of Samuelalso called the First Book of the Kings
The 14th Chapter
And it fell on a day, that Jonathas the son of Saul said unto his young man that bare his harness: come and let us go over to the watchmen of the Philistines that are yonder on the other side, and told not his father. But Saul tarried in the utmost part of Gabaah under a pomegranate tree, that was in Magron, and the people that were with him were upon a six hundred men. And Ahiah the son of Ahitob Ichabods brother, the son of Phinehes, the son of Eli, was the Lords priest in Siloh and bare an Ephod. But the people knew not that Jonathas was gone.
And in the way over by which Jonathas sought to go over unto the garrison of the philistines, were there two sharp rocks, even one on the one side, and the other one the other side: the one called Bozez, and the other Seneh. And the one leans northward toward Machmas, and the other southward toward Gabaah. Then said Jonathas to the young man that bare his harness: come and let us go over unto the standing of these uncircumcised, peradventure the Lord will work with us: for the Lord is free to save with many or with few. And his harness bearer said unto him do all that is in your heart: set you forward: and see I am with you, as your heart lusts. Then said Jonathas: behold when we go over unto the men, and show ourselves unto them: if they say on this wise to us: tarry until we come to you, then we will stand still where we be and not go up unto them. But and if they so say unto us: come up unto us, then we will go up, for the Lord has delivered them into our hands. And this shall be a sign unto us. And when they had both showed themselves unto the garrison of the Philistines, the Philistines said: see, the Hebrews come out of the holes where they had hid themselves in. And the men of the garrison answered Jonathas and his harness bearer and said: come up to us, and we will show you a thing. Then said Jonathas unto his harness bearer: come up after me, for the Lord has delivered them into the hands of Israel. And Jonathas clame (climbed) upon hands and feet, and his harness bearer after him. Then they fell before Jonathas: and his harness bearer slew them after him. And that first slaughter which Jonathas and his harness bearer made was upon a twenty men, within the compass as it were about an half acre of land. And there was a fear in the host that was in the field, and among all the people: insomuch that they that kept the hold, and they that were gone to rob, were afraid also: and the earth trembled and there was a fear sent of God. And the watchmen of Saul in Gabaah Benjamin, saw. And behold, the people scattered and ran here and there. Then said Saul unto the people that was with him: number and see who is gone away from us. And when they had told: behold, Jonathas and his harness bearer were not there. And then Saul said unto Ahia: bring hither the ark of God. For the ark of God was at the time with the children of Israel. And while Saul talked unto the priest, the people that were in the host of the philistines, ran more and more. And Saul said unto the priest: withdraw your hand. And Saul cried and all the people that were with him, and went to battle. And behold every mans sword was against his fellow, with a mighty great slaughter. Moreover the Hebrews that were with the Philistines before that time, and were come with them in all parts of the host, they turned to Israel that was with Saul and Jonathas. And they also which had hid themselves in mount Ephraim, as soon as they heard how that the Philistines were fled, they followed after them in battle. And so God help Israel that day. And the battle continued until they came unto Bethaven.
And the men of Israel joined themselves together that day: and Saul adjured (earnestly spoke to) the people saying: Cursed be he that eats any food until night, that I may be avenged of mine enemies. And so there was none of the people that tasted any sustenance. And all the land came to a wood where honey lay upon the ground. And when the people were come into the wood: Behold, the honey dropped. How be it there was no man that moved his hand to his mouth, because that the people feared the curse. But Jonathas heard not when his father adjured (earnestly spoke to) the people, wherefore he put forth the end of the staff that was in his hand, and dipped it in an honey comb, and put his hand to his mouth, and his eyes received sight. Then spoke one of the people and said: your father earnestly spoke to the people saying: Cursed be the man that eats any sustenance this day, and yet the people were fainty. Then said Jonathas: my father has troubled the land: for see, mine eyes has received sight, because I tasted a little of this honey: how then if all the people had eaten of the spoil of their enemies which they found, had there not been then a much greater slaughter among the Philistines? And they laid on the Philistines that day, from Machmas to Aialon. And the people were exceeding fainty.
Then the people got them to the spoil and took sheep oxen and calves, and slew them on the ground and did eat with the blood. Then men told Saul saying: Behold the people sin against the Lord, in that they eat with the blood. And he said: you have trespassed. But roll a great stone unto me now, and go abroad among the people and bid them bring every man his ox and every man his sheep, and slay them here, and sin not against the Lord in eating with the blood. And the people brought every man his ox in his hand by night and slew them there. And Saul made an altar unto the Lord. And that was the first altar that he made unto the Lord. And Saul said: let us go down after the Philistines by night, and let us make havoc among them until it be day in the morning, and let us not leave one of them. And the people answered: do whatsoever you think best. Then said the priest: let us come hither unto God. And Saul asked of God: shall I go down after the Philistines? and will you deliver them into mine hands? But he answered him not at that time. Then said Saul let the people come hither out of all quarters, and know and see, in whom this sin is chanced this day: for as truly as the Lord lives which has saved Israel, though it be in Jonathas my son, he shall die for it. But no man answered him of all the people.
Then he said unto all Israel: be you on one side, and I and Jonathas my son will be on another. And the people said unto Saul: what you think best that do. And Saul said unto the Lord God of Israel: give perfect knowledge. And Saul and Jonathas were caught, and the people escaped free. Then said Saul: cast lots between me and Jonathas my son. And Jonathas was caught. Then Saul said to Jonathas: tell me what you have done. And Jonathas told him and said: I tasted a little honey upon the end of my staff that was in mine hand, and see, I must die.
Then said Saul God do so and so to me, except that you die Jonathas. But the people said unto Saul: shall Jonathas die which has so mightily help Israel? God forbid. As truly as the Lord lives, there shall not one hair of his head fall to the ground: for he has wrought with God this day. And so the people delivered Jonathas, that he died not. And then Saul departed from following the Philistines. And the Philistines went to their own place. And so Saul took the kingdom over Israel, and fought against all his enemies on every side: against the Moabites: against the children of Ammon: against the Edomites: against the kings of Zobah and against the Philistines. And whether so ever he turned himself, there he won, and played the man and slew the Amalekites, and rid Israel out of the hands of them that spoiled them. The sons of Saul were, Jonathas, Jesui, and Melchisua. And his two daughters were thus named: the elder was called Merob and the younger Michol. And the name of Sauls wife was Ahinoam the daughter of Ahimaaz. And the name of his chief captain was Abner the son of Ner Sauls uncle. And Cis was Sauls father. And Ner the father of Abner was the son of Abiel. And there was sore war with the Philistines, all the days of Saul. For wheresoever Saul saw a strong man, and an active, he took him unto him.
The 15th Chapter
Then said Samuel unto Saul: the Lord sent me to anoint you King over his people Israel. Now therefore obey you the voice of the words of the Lord. Thus says the Lord of hosts: I have called to remembrance that which Amalek did to Israel how they lay in wait for them in the way, as they came out of Egypt. Now therefore go and smite the Amalekites, and only destroy you all that pertains unto them, and see you have no compassion on them. But slay both man and woman, infant and suckling, and ox, sheep, camel and Ass.
And Saul told it the people, and numbered them in Telaim two hundred thousand footmen, and ten thousand men of Juda. And Saul came unto a city of the Amalekites, and fought in a valley. But Saul said unto the Kenites go and depart and get you down from among the Amalekites, least I destroy you with them, for you showed mercy with Israel when they came out of Egypt. And the Kenites departed from among the Amalekites.
And Saul slew the Amalekites from Hevila to Sur that lies before Egypt, and took Agag the King of the Amalekites alive, and utterly destroyed all the people with the edge of the sword. But Saul and the people spared Agag, and they left of the sheep and of the oxen and fat things and the lambs and all that was good, and would not destroy them. But all that was nought worth and *flaggy, that they destroyed utterly. Then came the word of the Lord unto Samuel saying: it repents me that I have made Saul king. For he is turned from me and has not performed my commandments, wherefore Samuel was evil *apaid and cried unto the Lord all night. And Samuel rose early, to meet Saul in the morning. And it was told Samuel that Saul was come to Carmel, and had set him up a pillar of triumph. And was turned and departed and gone to Galgal. flaggy: tattered, not firm. apaid: as in paid a visit
And when Samuel was come to Saul, Saul said unto him: Blessed be you in the Lord. I have done the commandment of the Lord. And Samuel answered: what means then the bleating of the sheep in mine ears, and the noise of the oxen which I hear? And Saul said: they have brought them from the Amalekites. For the people spared the best of the sheep and of the oxen, to sacrifice unto the Lord your God. And the remnant we have destroyed.
But Samuel said to Saul: cease and let me tell you what the Lord has said to me this night. And he said unto him: say on. And Samuel said when you was little in your own sight, was you not made the head of the tribes of Israel? And the Lord anointed you King over Israel. And then the Lord sent you on a journey, and said unto you, see that you utterly destroy those sinners, the Amalekites and fight against them until you have utterly destroyed them. And wherefore have you now not obeyed the voice of the Lord: But did turn to the prey and have wrought wickedness in the sight of the Lord?
And Saul said unto Samuel: I have obeyed the voice of the Lord, and went the way which the Lord sent me, and have brought Agag the King of the Amalekites. And have utterly destroyed the Amalekites. And the people took of the spoil, sheep, oxen, and the chiefest of the things which should have been destroyed, to offer unto the Lord your God in Galgal. Then said Samuel: has the Lord as great pleasure in burnt sacrifices and offerings, as he has that you should obey his voice? Behold, to obey is better than offering, and to give heed is better than the fat of rams. For rebelliousness is as the sin of witchcraft, and stubbornness is wickedness and Idolatry. Because therefore you have cast away the word of the Lord, therefore has the Lord cast away you also, from being King.
Then said Saul to Samuel: I have sinned for I have trespassed the mouth of the Lord, and your words, because I feared the people and obeyed their voice. But now take away my sin, and turn again with me, that I may worship the Lord. Then said Samuel unto Saul: I will not return with you: for you have cast away the bidding of God, and therefore the Lord has cast away you also, that you shall not be King over Israel. And as Samuel turned to go away, he caught the lap of his coat, and it rent. Then Samuel said, the Lord has rent the Kingdom of Israel from you this day, and has given it to a neighbor of your that is better than you. And thereto he that gives victory to Israel, will not beguile nor repent: for he is not a man, that can repent.
Then he said: I have sinned. But yet honor me before the elders of my people, and before Israel, and turn again with me, that I may pray unto the Lord your God. And Samuel turned again and followed Saul. And Saul prayed unto the Lord. Then said Samuel: Bring you hither to me, Agag the King of the Amalekites. And Agag came unto him delicately. And Agag said: truly the bitterness of death comes on. And Samuel said: As your sword has made women childless, so shall your mother be childless among other women. And so Samuel hewed Agag in pieces before the Lord in Galgal. And then Samuel departed to Ramath. And Saul went home to his house to Gabaah Saul. But Samuel came no more to see Saul until the day of his death. Nevertheless Samuel mourned for Saul, because the Lord repented that he had made him King over Israel.
The 16th Chapter
And then the Lord said unto Samuel: How long will you mourn for Saul, seeing I have cast him away from reigning over Israel? fill an horn with ointment, and come: I will send you to Isai the Bethlehemite, for I have spied me a King among his sons. But Samuel answered: how shall I go? for Saul shall hear it and will kill me. And the Lord said: Take an heifer with you, and say you go to offer to the Lord. And call Isai to the offering, and I will show you what you shall do: And you shall anoint him whom I say unto you. And Samuel did as the Lord bade him. And when he came to Bethlehem, the elders of the town were astonied at his coming, and said: Betokens your coming peace? and he said yes, for I am come to offer unto the Lord. Cleanse yourselves and come with me to the offering. And he purified Isai and his sons, and bade them to the offering. And when they were come, he looked on Eliab and said: the Lords anointed is before him. But the Lord said unto Samuel: look not on his fashion nor on the height of his stature, for I have refused him. Because it is not as man sees. For man looks on the outward appearance: but the Lord beholds the heart. Then Isai called Abinadab and made him come before Samuel. And he said: neither has the Lord chosen this. Then Isai made Samah come, and he said: neither has the Lord chosen him. Then made Isai seven of his sons come before Samuel. And Samuel said, the Lord has chosen none of these.
Then said Samuel to Isai: are here all your children? and he said: the youngest is yet behind: Behold, he keeps the sheep. Then Samuel said unto Isai: send and fetch him for we will not sit down, till he be come hither. And he sent and brought him in. And he was brown with goodly eyes, and well favored in sight. And then the Lord said up and anoint him: for this is he. And Samuel took the horn with the ointment and anointed him in the presence of his brethren. And the spirit of the Lord came upon David, from that day forward. And Samuel rose up and went to Ramath.
But the spirit of the Lord departed from Saul, and an evil spirit sent of the Lord, vexed him. Then said his servants unto him: Behold, an evil spirit sent of God vexes you, let our Lord therefore command his servants to seek a man that is a cunning player with an harp. And then when the evil spirit sent of God, comes upon you, that he may play with his hand, and you shall be eased. And Saul said unto his servants: seek me a man that can well play, and bring him to me. Then answered one of his servants and said: Behold, I have seen a son of Isai the Bethelehemite, that can play upon instruments, and is an active fellow and a man of war and prudent and well made, and the Lord is with him, whereupon Saul sent messengers unto Isai and said: send me David your son which is with the sheep. And Isai took an ass laden with bread, and a flacket of wine, and a kid, and sent them by David his son unto Saul. And David went to Saul and came before him, and he loved him very well, so that he was made his harness bearer. And Saul sent to Isai saying: let David remain with me, for he has found favor in my sight. And when the spirit of God came upon Saul, David took an harp and played with his hand, and so Saul was refreshed, and did amend and the evil spirit departed from him.
The 17th Chapter
The Philistines gathered their host to battle, and came together to Socoh in Juda, and pitched between Socoh and Azekah, in the end of Domim. And Saul and the men of Israel came and pitched in Oakdale and put themselves in array, to fight against the Philistines. And the Philistines stood on an hill on the one side, and Israel stood on an hill on the other side, and a valley between them. And then came a man and stood in the midst, out of the tents of the Philistines named Goliath of Geth, six cubits and a handbreadth long, and had an helmet of brass upon his head, and a coat of mail about him. And the weight of his coat of mail was five thousand *Cickles nearly 160 lbs,) of brass. And he had harness of brass upon his legs, and a shield of brass upon his shoulders. And the shaft of his spear was like a weavers beam. And his spearhead weighed six hundred *sickles (nearly 20 lbs.) of iron. And one bearing a shield went before him. *Cickle or sickle: Hebrew shekel = about 1/2 oz
And he stood and called unto the host of Israel, and said unto them: what need is it, that you should come out in array to battle? am not I a Philistine, and you servants to Saul? Choose you a man, and let him come down to me, if he be able to fight with me and to beat me, then we will be your servants. But if I can overcome him and beat him: then you shall be our servants and serve us. And the Philistine said: I have defied the host of Israel this day give me a man and let us fight together. When Saul and all Israel heard those words of the Philistine, they were discouraged and greatly afraid. And this David was the son of an Ephrathite of Bethlehem Juda, named Isai, which Isai had eight sons. And was an old man in the days of Saul among the people. And the three eldest sons of Isai went and followed Saul to battle. And the names of his three sons that went to battle were: Eliab the eldest, and the next to him Abinadab, and the third Samah, and David was the youngest. And when the three eldest were gone after Saul, David went and departed from Saul, to feed his fathers sheep at Bethlehem. And the Philistine came forth every morning and evening, and continued forty days.
And Isai said unto David his son: take for your brethren this Epha of parched corn, and these ten loaves, and run to the host, to your brethren. And carry these ten fresh cheeses unto the captain, and look how your brethren fare, and set out their pledges. And Saul and they and all the men of Israel were in oak valley fighting with the Philistines. And David rose up early in the morning and left the sheep with a keeper, and took and went, as Isai had commanded him, and came where the host lay. And the host was going out in array, and shouted in the battle: for Israel and the Philistines had put themselves in array, the one against the other. Then David put the pannier from him, unto the hands of the keeper of the vessels, and ran into the host and came and saluted his brethren. And as he talked with them: Behold, there stood a man in the midst, Goliath the Philistine by name, of Geth, which came out of the Array of the Philistines, and spoke of the manner above rehearsed, that David heard it. And all the men of Israel, when they saw the man, ran away from him, and were sore afraid. And every man of Israel said: See you this man that is come forth, even to revile Israel is he come. And to him that beats him will the king give great riches, and will give him his daughter thereto: yea and make his fathers house free in Israel.
Then spoke David to the men that stood by and said: What shall be done to the man that beats this Philistine and takes away the shame from Israel? for what is this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should revile the host of the living God? And the people answered as it is rehearsed saying: so shall it be done to the man that beats him. And Eliab his eldest brother heard when he spoke unto the man and was angry with David and said: Why came you away, and with whom have you left those few sheep in the wilderness? I know your pride and the malice of your heart, that you are come to see the battle. And David answered, what have I now done? is there any more save a word? And departed from by him into another front, and spoke of the same manner, and the people answered him again, as before.
And they that heard the words which David spoke, rehearsed them before Saul, which caused him to be fetched. And David said to Saul: Let no mans heart fail him because of him. your servant will go and fight with his Philistine. And Saul said to David again, you are not able to go unto this Philistine, to fight with him. For you are but a lad, and he has been a man of war even from his youth. Then said David unto Saul, as your servant kept his fathers sheep, there came a Lion and likewise a Bear, and took a sheep out of the flock. And I went out after him and smote him, and took it out of his mouth. And when he arose against me, I caught him by the beard and smote him and slew him. For both a Lion and also a Bear has your servant slain. And this uncircumcised Philistine shall be as one of them, for his railing on the host of the living God. And David spoke moreover, the Lord that delivered me out of the hands of the Lion and out of the hands of the Bear, he shall deliver me also out of the hands of the Philistine.
Then said Saul to David go, and the Lord be with you. And Saul put his raiment upon David, and put an helmet of brass upon his head, and put a coat of mail upon him, and girt David with his own sword upon his raiment. And he *assayed to go, for he never proved it. Then said David unto Saul: I cannot go in these, for I have not been used thereto, and put them off him and took his staff in his hand, and chose him five smooth stones out of a brook and put them in a shepherds bag which he had, and in a poke, and his sling in his hand, and went to the Philistine. *assayed= 1. To be shown by analysis to contain a certain proportion of usually precious metal. God's word is eternal even is this modern definition exactly to the point. Note too that David "proved" it. God is able, and desires, to "prove" up his will unto men. RN
And the Philistine came and drew near to David, with the man that bare a shield before him. And when the Philistine looked and saw David: he disdained him, for he was but a lad, ruddy and goodly to look upon. And the Philistine said unto David: am I a dog, that you come to me with a staff? and he cursed David in the name of his Gods. And he said to David: come to me and I will give your flesh unto the fowls of the air, and to the beasts of the field. Then said David to the Philistine you come to me with a sword a spear and a shield: But I come to you in the name of the Lord of hosts, the God of the host of Israel whom you have railed upon. This day shall the Lord deliver you into my hand, and I shall smite you and take your head from you, and will give the carcasses of the host of the Philistines this day unto the fowls of the air and to the beasts of the earth, and all the world shall know, that there is a God in Israel. And all this congregation shall know, that the Lord saves not with the sword and spear. For the battle is the Lords, and he shall give you into our hands.
And when the Philistine arose and came and drew near unto David: David hasted and ran in array even against the Philistine. And David put his hand in his poke and took out a stone and slung it, and smote the Philistine in his forehead that the stone sunk into his forehead, and he fell grovelling to the earth. And so David overcame the Philistine with a sling and a stone, and smote the Philistine and slew him. And because David had no sword in his hand, he ran and stood upon the Philistine, and took his sword and drew it out of his sheath and slew him and cut off his head therewith. And when the Philistines saw that their champion was dead, they fled. And the men of Israel and of Juda arose and shouted and followed after the Philistines, until they came to the valley and unto the gates of Akaron. And the Philistines fell down dead by the way, even unto Geth and Akaron. And then the children of Israel returned from chasing after the Philistines and robbed their tents. And David took the head of the Philistine and brought it to Jerusalem: But he put his armor in his tent. When Saul saw David go forth against the Philistine, he said unto Abner the captain of his host, Abner, whose son is this lad? And Abner answered, as truly as your soul lives, O king, I cannot tell. Then said the king: Enquire you, whose son the youngling is. And so when David was returned from the slaughter of the Philistine, Abner took him and brought him before Saul, with the head of the Philistine in his hand. And Saul said to him: whose son are you, you lad? And David answered the son of your servant Isai the Bethlehemite.
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