Table of Contents
The Chronicles of the Kings of Juda(Part Four)
The Second Book
The 25th Chapter
Amaziah was twenty five years old when he began to reign, and he reigned twenty nine years in Jerusalem. His mothers name was Jehoiadan of Jerusalem. And he did that pleased the Lord: but not with the whole heart. And as soon as he was settled in the kingdom, he slew them that killed the king his father. But he slew not their children as it is written in the law, even in the book of Moses to whom the Lord commanded saying: the fathers shall not die for the childrens causes, nor the children for the fathers, but every man shall die for his own sin. And Amaziah gathered Juda together and made captains over thousands and over hundreds in the houses of their fathers throughout all Juda and Benjamin. And he numbered them from twenty years and above, and found them three hundred thousand lusty men able to go to battle, and that could handle spear and shield. And he hired thereto an hundred thousand fighting men out of Israel, for an hundred talents of silver.
But there came a man of God to him and said: king, let not the army of Israel go with you: for the Lord is not with Israel neither with any of the house of Ephraim. Or else if you needs will, then go and do it, and make yourself strong to battle: and you shall see, that God shall make you fall before your enemies. For God has power to help or to cast down. And Amaziah said again to the man of God, what shall we do then, for the hundred talents which I have given unto the host of Israel? And the man of God said: the Lord is able to give you much more than that.
And then Amaziah severed that army that was come to him out of Ephraim, to go home again. Wherefore they were exceeding wroth with Juda, and returned to their own home in great anger.
And Amaziah took heart and carried out his host and went to Saltdale. Where he slew of the children of Seir ten thousand. And other ten thousand the children of Juda took alive, and carried them unto the top of a rock and cast them down from the top of the rock that they all to burst: but the men of the army which Amaziah had turned back and would not let go with his people to battle, ran upon the cities of Juda from Samaria unto Bethhoron and slew three thousand of them and won much spoil.
And it chanced, after that Amaziah was come from the slaughter of the Edomites, and had brought the Gods of the children of Seir, he set them up to be his Gods, and bowed himself before them and burned cense unto them. Wherefore the Lord was wroth with Amaziah and sent to him a prophet, and said to him: why seek you the Gods of the people which were not able to deliver their own people out of your hands? And as the prophet spoke to him, he said to the prophet: have men made you of the kings counsel? cease, least you be beaten. And the prophet ceased and said: I am sure that God has taken counsel to destroy you, because you have done this, and obey not my counsel.
Then Amaziah king of Juda took advice and sent to Joas the son of Jehoahaz the son of Jehu king of Israel and said: come, and let us see each other. And Joas king of Israel sent again to Amaziah king of Juda saying: a thistle in Libanon sent to a Cedar tree of Libanon saying: give your daughter to my son to wife. But there came the wild beasts of Libanon and trod down the thistle. You think: see, I have beaten the Edomites, therefore your heart arises to glorify yourself. Now bide at home: what needs you to provoke to evil, that you perish and Juda with you.
But Amaziah rested not: for it came of God, even to deliver them into the hands of their enemies: and that because they had sought the Gods of the Edomites. And Joas king of Israel came up: and they saw either other, both he and Amaziah king of Juda at Bethsames in Juda. And Juda was put to the worse before Israel, and fled every man to his tent. And Joas king of Israel took Amaziah king of Juda the son of Jehoas the son of Ohoziah at Bethsames: and brought him to Jerusalem, and tare the wall of Jerusalem from the gate of Ephraim unto the corner gate, four hundred cubits long. And he took all the gold and silver and all the Jewels that were found in the house of God with Obed Edom and the treasure of the kings house and hostages, and returned to Samaria.
And Amaziah the son of Jehoas king of Juda lived after the death of Joas son of Jehoahaz king of Israel fifteen years. The rest of the acts of Amaziah first and last are written in the book of the kings of Juda and Israel. And after that time that Amaziah did turn away from the Lord, they conspired treason against him in Jerusalem: and he fled to Lachis. *Whither they sent after him and slew him there, and brought him up with horses and buried him with his fathers in the city of Juda. *whither=what ever place, result, or condition.
The 26th Chapter
Then all the people of Juda took Oziah which was sixteen years old, and made him king in the room of his father Amaziah. And he built Eloth and brought it again to Juda after the king was laid to rest with his fathers. Sixteen years old was Oziah when he began to reign, and he reigned fifty two years in Jerusalem. His mothers name was Jecaliah of Jerusalem. And he did that pleased the Lord, in all points as did his father Amaziah. And he sought God while Zachariah the teacher to see God lived: and as long as he sought the Lord, God made him prosper.
And he went to battle against the Philistines and brake down the walls of Geth, and the walls of Jabneh and the walls of Asdod, and built cities about Asdod and among the Philistines. And God help him against the Philistines and against the Arabians that dwelt in Gurbaal, and against the Meunites. And the Ammonites gave tribute to Oziah, and his name spread abroad even to Egypt: for he played the man and exceeded. Moreover Oziah built towers in Jerusalem over the corner gate, and over the valley gate, and over other corners, and made them strong. And he built towers in the wilderness and digged many wells. For he had much cattle, both in the valley and also in the plain: and plowmen and vinedressers in the mountains and in Carmel, for he loved husbandry.
And Oziah had an host of fighting men that went out to war in the army and were told and numbered by Jeiel the scribe and Maasiah an officer, under the hand of Hananiah one of the kings Lords. And the whole number of the ancient heads of the men of might were two thousand and six hundred and under the hands of them was the army of the host, three hundred and seven thousand, and five hundred that made war with might and strength, to help the king against his enemies. And Oziah provided them throughout all the host, shields, spears, helmets, habergeons, bows and slings for stones. And he made engines in Jerusalem by the craft of artificers to be on the towers and corners, to shoot arrows and great stones with all. And his name spread far abroad, for he was wonderfully help, until he was become mighty.
And in his greatness his heart arose, that he was marred: and transgressed against the Lord his God. For he went into the temple of the Lord to burn cense upon the altar of incense. But Asariah the priest went in after him with four score priests of the Lord that were bold men. And they stepped to Oziah the king and said to him: it pertains not to you Oziah to burn cense unto the Lord, but to the priests the children of Aaron that are consecrate for to burn incense. Come out of the sanctuary, for you have trespassed, and it shall be no worship to you before the Lord God.
And Oziah was wroth and had cense in his hand to offer, and in his indignation against the priest, the leprosy sprang in his forehead before the priests in the house of the Lord, even beside the incense altar. And Asariah the chief priest with all the other priests looked upon him: and behold he was a leper in his forehead, and they vexed him from that place. And thereto he was fain to go out, because the Lord had plagued him. And Oziah the king continued a leper unto the day of his death and dwelt in an house at liberty: how be it, he was cast out of the house of the Lord. And Joatham his son had the governance of the kings house and judged the people of the land. The rest of the acts of Oziah both first and last, did Isaiah the prophet the son of Amos write. And when Oziah was laid to rest with his fathers, they buried him with his fathers in the field of burial of the kings. For they said: he is a leper. And Joatham his son reigned in his stead.
The 27th Chapter
Joatham was twenty five years old when he began to reign, and reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem. His mothers name was Jerusah the daughter of Zadoc. And he did that pleased the Lord in all points as did his father Oziah: save, that he came not to the temple of the Lord, and that the people did yet corrupt themselves. He built the high gate of the temple of the Lord, and on the wall Ophel he built much. Moreover he built cities in the mountains of Juda, and in the wood country he built castles and towers.
And he fought with the king of the children of Ammon, and prevailed against them. And the children of Ammon gave him the same year an hundred talents of silver, and ten thousand quarters of wheat and as much barley. So much also did the children of Ammon give him the second year and the third too. And Joatham became mighty, because he directed his way before the Lord his God.
The rest of the acts of Joatham and all his wars and his ways are written in the book of the kings of Israel and Juda. He was twenty five years old when he began to reign, and reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem. And when Joatham was laid to rest with his fathers, they buried him in the city of David: and Ahaz his son reigned in his stead.
The 28th Chapter
Ahaz was twenty years old when he began to reign, and reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem. And he did not that pleased the Lord, as did his father David: but walked in the ways of the kings of Israel, and made thereto Baals of metal. And he offered cense in the valley of the children of Hennon, and burnt his children in fire after the abomination of the nations which the Lord cast out before the children of Israel. And he offered burnt cense in hillaltars and on mountains and under every green tree.
Wherefore the Lord his God delivered him into the hand of the king of the Sirians: which beat him and carried away a great multitude of his captive into Damasco. And thereto he was delivered into the hand of the king of Israel which slew of his a mighty slaughter. For Phakeh the son of Romeliah slew in Juda an hundred and twenty thousand in one day, and all fighting men: and that because they had forsaken the Lord God of their fathers. And Zechri a mighty man in mount Ephraim slew Maasiah the kings son and Asrican the Lord steward of household, and Elcanah that was next to the king. And the children of Israel took prisoners of their brethren two hundred thousand wives, sons and daughters, and thereto carried away much spoil of them, and brought it to Samaria.
But there was a prophet of the Lords named Obed which went out to the host which came to Samaria and said to them: see, because the Lord God of your fathers was wroth with Juda, he delivered them into your hands. And you have slain them with cruelness that reaches up to heaven. And now you purpose to keep under the children of Juda and Jerusalem and to make them bondmen and bondwomen. What other thing do you (you unhappy) then offend the Lord your God. But now hear me, and deliver the captives again which you have taken of your brethren: for the great wrath of the Lord is upon you?
And certain of the heads of the children of Ephraim, as Asariah the son of Johanan, Barachiah the son of Mesimeloth, Jehezekiah the son of Selum and Amasa the son of Hadalai stood up against them that came from war, and said unto them: you shall not bring in the captives hither. For where we have offended the Lord already, you intend to add more to our sins and trespass. For our trespass is great already, and there is fierce wrath upon Israel: And upon that the men of arms left the captives and the spoil before the Lords and all the congregation.
And there arose certain appointed thereto by name, and took the prisoners and clothed all that were naked among them, of the spoil, and arrayed them and shoed them and gave them to eat and to drink and anointed them, and carried all that were feeble of them upon asses and brought them to Jericho the city of *Paulme trees fast by their brethren: and then returned to Samaria again. *Paulme tree: is the exact spelling, refers palm trees
And at that same time king Ahaz sent unto the kings of Assur to have help. And the Edomites came yet again and slew of Juda and carried away some captives. And the Philistines invaded the cities in the low country and the south of Juda: and took Bethsames, Aialon, Gaderoth and Socoh with the towns longing thereto, and Thimna with the towns of the same, and Gimso with her towns, and dwelt therein. For the Lord brought Juda low, because of Ahaz king of Juda which made Juda naked and transgressed against the Lord. And Thiglah Palneser king of Assur came upon him and besieged him, but prevailed not against him. For Ahaz took away out of the house of the Lord and out of the kings house and out of the Lords houses, and gave unto the king of Assur, though it help him not. And thereto in the very time of his tribulation did king Ahaz trespass yet more against the Lord. For he offered unto the Gods of them of Damasco which beat him and said, because the Gods of the Sirians help them, therefore will I offer to them, that they may help me also. But they were his destruction and the destruction of all Israel. And Ahaz gathered together the vessels of the house of God and brake them, and shut up the doors of the house of the Lord, and made him altars in all corners of Jerusalem. And in all the cities of Juda city by city he made hillaltars to burn incense unto other Gods, and angered the Lord God of his fathers. The rest of his acts and all his ways both first and last are written in the book of the kings of Juda and Israel. And when Ahaz was laid to rest with his fathers, they buried him in the city of Jerusalem: but brought him not unto the sepulchers of the kings of Juda. And Hezekiah his son reigned in his stead.
The 29th Chapter
Hezekiah began to reign when he was twenty five years old, and reigned twenty nine years in Jerusalem. And his mothers name was Abiah the daughter of Zachariah. And he did that was right in the sight of the Lord in all points as did David his father. He opened the doors of the house of the Lord in the first year and first month of his reign, and he repaired them. And he brought in the priests and the Levites and gathered them together into the east street: and said unto them.
Hear me you Levites: purify yourselves and hallow the house of the Lord God of your fathers, and bring out the filthiness out of the holy place. For our fathers have trespassed and done evil favouredly in the eyes of the Lord our God: and have forsaken him, and turned away their faces from the habitation of the Lord and turned to their backs. And beside that they have shut up the doors of the porch and quenched the lamps and have neither burned cense nor offered burntofferings in the holy place unto the God of Israel.
Wherefore the wrath of the Lord fell on Juda and Jerusalem: and he scattered them and made them so thin that men hiss at it, even as you see with your eyes. For see, our fathers were overthrown with the sword and our sons, our daughters and our wives were carried away captive for the same cause. Now have I in my heart to strike a covenant with the Lord God of Israel: that his wrath may cease. Now therefore my sons be not negligent: for the Lord had chosen you to stand before him, and for to minister and burn offerings to him.
Then the Levites arose: Nahas the son of Amasai and Joel the son of Asariah being of the children of the Cahasites: and the sons of Merari, Kis the son of Abdi and Asariah the son of Jehaleleel: and of the Gersonites, Joah the son of Simma and Eden the son of Joah: and of the sons of Elizaphan, Simri and Jeiel: and of the sons of Asaph, Zachariah and Mathaniah: and of the sons of Heman, Jehiel and Semei; and of the sons of Jeduthun, Semaiah and Oziel. And they gathered their brethren and purified themselves, and then went at the commandment of the king by the word of the Lord, for to cleanse the house of the Lord. And the priests went into the house of the Lord to cleanse it, and brought out all the uncleanness that they found in the temple of the Lord, and in the court of the house of the Lord. And the Levites took it and carried it out into the brook Cedron. They began the first day of the first month to purify, and came the eighth day to the porch of the Lord: so that they had purged the house of the Lord in eight days in the sixteenth day of the first month they made an end.
And then they went into Hezekiah the king and said: we have cleansed all the house of the Lord, and the altar of burntofferings with all his vessels, and the showbread table with all his apparel: and thereto all the vessels which king Ahaz did cast aside when he reigned and transgressed, them we have repaired and sanctified: and see, they are before the altar of the Lord. And Hezekiah the king rose early and gathered the Lords of the city and went up to the house of the Lord. And there were brought seven oxen, seven rams, seven lambs and seven kids to be a sinoffering for the kingdom, for the sanctuary and for Juda. And he commanded the priests the sons of Aaron to offer them on the altar of the Lord.
And they slew the oxen: and the priests received the blood and sprinkled it on the altar: and they slew the rams and sprinkled the blood upon the altar: and they slew the lambs and sprinkled the blood upon the altar. And then they brought forth the kids of the sin offering before the king and the congregation which put their hands upon them. And the priests slew them and offered the blood of them upon the altar, to make satisfaction for all Israel: for the king said: that the burntoffering and the sinoffering should serve for all Israel. And they set the Levites in the house of the Lord with cymbals, psalteries and harps according to the commandments of David and of Gad the kings sear of visions and of Nathan the prophet. For so was the commandment of the Lord through the hand of his prophets. And so the Levites stood with the instruments of David, and the priests with trumpets. And Hezekaih commanded to offer the burntoffering upon the altar. And when the burntoffering began, the song of the Lord began, and the trumpets with the instruments of David king of Israel. And all the congregation bowed themselves, and the singers sang, and the trumpets blew, and continued until the burntoffering was finished.
And when they had made an end of the burntoffering, the king and all that were with him kneeled down and bowed themselves and gave praise and thanks. And Hezekiah the king and the lords bade the Levites to praise the Lord with the words of David and of Asaph the sear of visions. And the Levites praised that they rejoiced again, and the other stooped and bowed themselves.
And Hezekiah answered and said: now that you have filled your hands to the Lord, go to and bring in the sacrifices and thankofferings into the house of the Lord. And the congregation brought in the sacrifices and thankofferings, and all that were willing brought burntofferings. And the number of the burntofferings which the congregation brought in was seventy oxen and an hundred rams and two hundred lambs: and all for burntofferings to the Lord. And beside that they dedicated six hundred oxen and three thousand sheep.
But the priests were too few, and were not able to slay all the burntofferings. Wherefore their brethren the Levites help them till the work was ended, and until the priests were sanctified. For the Levites were purer hearted to sanctify themselves then the priests. And thereto the burntofferings were many with the fat of the peaceofferings and the drinkofferings that belonged to the burntofferings. And so the service pertaining to the house of the Lord went forward. And Hezekiah rejoiced and all the people, that God had made the folk so ready: for the thing was suddenly done.
The 30th Chapter
And Hezekiah sent to all Israel and Juda: and thereto wrote letters to Ephraim and Manasseh, that they should come to the house of the Lord at Jerusalem, to offer passover unto the Lord God of Israel. And the king held a counsel with his Lords and all the congregation at Jerusalem to keep the feast of passover in the second month. For they could not keep it at that time: for there were not priests enough sanctified, neither was the people gathered together to Jerusalem. And the thing pleased the king and all the congregation. And they decreed that it should be proclaimed throughout all Israel from Bersabe to Dan, that they should come and hold the feast of the passover unto the Lord God of Israel at Jerusalem: for they had not often done it, as it is written how they should.
And the messengers went with letters of the hand of the king and of his Lords throughout all Israel and Juda, at the commandment of the king which said: children of Israel, turn again unto the Lord God of Abraham, Isaac and Israel, and so will he turn to the remnant of you that are escaped out of the hands of the king of Assur. And be you not like your fathers and your brethren which trespassed against the Lord of your fathers, which therefore gave them up that they are wasted as you see. Wherefore be not stiff necked like unto your fathers, but yield yourselves unto the Lord, and come to his holy place which he has sanctified for ever, and serve the Lord your God, that his wrath may turn from you. For if you turn unto the Lord, then your brethren and your children shall find compassion in the presence of them that hold them captive, that they may come again unto this land: for the Lord your God is full of mercy and compassion, and will not turn his face from you, if you turn again to him.
And the posts went from city to city throughout the land of Ephraim and Manasseh and even unto Zabulon. But they laughed them to scorn and mocked them. Nevertheless yet diverse of Asser, Manasseh and of Zabulon meeked themselves and came to Jerusalem. And thereto the hand of God was in Juda, to make them of one accord to do the commandment of the king and the captains, which was according to the word of the Lord. And so there assembled to Jerusalem much people and a mighty great congregation, to hold the feast of sweet bread in the second month.
And they arose and put away the altars that were in Jerusalem. And thereto all the incense they did away and cast them into the brook Cedron. And they slew passover the fourteenth day of the second month. And the priests and Levites sanctified themselves for shame, and brought in the burntofferings into the house of the Lord. And they stood in their standing after their manner according to the law of Moses the man of God. And the priests sprinkled the blood receiving it of the hands of the Levites. And because there were many in the congregation that were not sanctified: and therefore did the Levites slay passover for all that were not clean to sanctify them to the Lord.
There was very much people out of Ephraim, Manasseh, Jsakar and Zabulon that were not clean, and therefore did eat passover otherwise than writing specifies. But Hezekiah prayed for them and said: the good Lord be merciful to all that set their hearts to seek the God that is the Lord God of their fathers, though they do it not according to the cleanness of the holy place. And the Lord heard Hezekiah and healed the people. And so the children of Israel that were found at Jerusalem, held the feast of sweet bread seven days with great gladness, and the Levites and the priests praised the Lord day by day with loud instruments.
And Hezekiah spoke heartily unto the Levites that had good understanding of the Lord. And they did eat that feast seven days long and offered peaceofferings and thanked the Lord God of their fathers. And the whole assembly took counsel to keep seven days more: and they held those seven days with gladness. For Hezekiah king of Juda gave for heaveofferings to the congregation a thousand oxen and seven thousand sheep. And the Lords gave to the congregation for heaveofferings a thousand oxen and ten thousand sheep. And the priests sanctified themselves, that they were enough.
And all the congregation of Juda with the priests and Levites, and all the congregation that came out of Israel and the strangers, both that came out of the land of Israel and that dwelt in Juda, rejoiced: and there was great joy in Jerusalem. For since the time of Salomon the son of David king of Israel it happened not so in Jerusalem. And the priests and the Levites arose and blessed the people, and their voice was heard, and their prayer went up unto his holy dwelling place heaven.
The 31st Chapter
And when they had finished all this: then all Israel that were found in cities of Juda, went out and brake the Images and cut down the groves, and all to brake the hillaltars and the other altars throughout all Juda and Benjamin, Ephraim and Manasseh, until they had made an end of them. And afterward all the children of Israel returned every man to his possession in their own cities.
And Hezekiah set the priests and the Levites in their order to wait by course, every man according to his office whether priest or Levite: for the burntofferings and peaceofferings, and to minister and to thank and to pray in the gates of the lodge of the Lord. And the king gave a portion of his substance for burntofferings at morning and even, and for burntofferings on the Sabbath days and new moons and other solemn feasts, according as it is written in the law of the Lord. And he bade the people that dwelt in Jerusalem to give the part of the priests and Levites, that they might be maintained in the law of the Lord. And as soon as the word came abroad the children of Israel brought abundance of first fruits of corn, wine, oil and honey, and of all manner of fruits of the field: and the tithes of all manner of things brought they in plenteously. And the children of Israel and Juda that dwelt in the cities of Juda, they also brought in the tithes of oxen and sheep, and tithes of dedicate things which were dedicated to the Lord their God, and put them on heaps. In the third month they began to lay the heaps and finished them the seventh.
And when Hezekiah and the Lords came and saw the heaps, they blessed the Lord and his people Israel. And Hezekiah questioned with the priests and the Levites concerning the heaps. And Azariah the chief priest of the house of Zadock answered him and said since they began to bring the heaveofferings into the house of the Lord, we have eaten and had enough, and yet left abundance, for the Lord has blessed his people and thereof is this heap left. And Hezekiah bade dress up the store houses about the house of the Lord. And so they did, and carried in the heaveofferings and the tithes and the dedicate gifts even of fidelity.
Over which Chonaniah the Levite had the rule with Semei his brother next to him. And Jehiel, Asariah, Nahas, Asael, Jerimoth, Josabad, Eliel, Jesmachiah, Mahas and Bananiah were overseers ordained by Chonaniah and Semei his brother, at the appointment of Hezekiah the king, and Asariah the ruler of the house of God. And Chore the son of Jemma the Levite porter of the East door had the oversight of the freewill offerings of God, to give heaveofferings unto the Lord, and was over things most holy. And under him were Eden, Miniamin, Jesua, Semeiah, Amariah and Secheniah, in the cities of the priests of their fidelity, to give to their brethren their portions, as well to the small as to the great.
And to the males also that were reckoned from three year and above among all that went into the house of the Lord day by day, to do service and to wait by course. And to the priests that were reckoned in the households of their fathers from twenty years and above, to wait when their courses came. And to them that were reckoned throughout all their babes, wives, sons and daughters throughout all the congregation. For to the fidelity of them did men commit their sanctified gifts. And thereto among the children of Aaron the priests were men named by name in the fields of the suburbs of all their cities, city by city, for to give portions to all the males of the priests and to all that were reckoned among the Levites.
And of this manner did Hezekiah throughout all Juda, and did that was good, right and truth, before the Lord his God. And in all the works that he began in the service of the house of God, to seek his God after the law and commandment, that did he with all his heart, and prospered.
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