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Joseph ...and the corn ...

theron creteis@yahoo.com

     Behold in a dream of the night season ...before the dread darkness came ....came the voice of the living ...to me ...My Lord Jesus ...yeee even by the spirit of our father ...and He showed me ...a matter that comes ...even as it did before ...the same ...and not changing ...for of all matters and things ...nothing will be changed ...and the lovers of the truth shall know the WAY ...

     For 7 years shall come to pass ....of corn ...as it was in the time of Joseph ...and i was moved to look to the matters more perfectly ...and lay them at your feet ...look then ...look now ...read these matters afore time ....and the time to come ...pray earnstwhile ...for all things shall be opened to them who ask of worthy heart ....


From the 1st Book of Moses

Jacob lifted up his eyes and saw his brother Esau come, and with him four hundred men. And he divided the children unto Lea and unto Rahel and unto the two maidens. And he put the maidens and their children foremost, and Lea and her children after, and Rahel and Joseph hindermost. And he went before them and fell on the ground seven times, until he came unto his brother.

Esau ran to meet him and embraced him and fell on his neck and kissed him, and they wept. And he lifted up his eyes and saw the wives and their children, and said: what are these which thou there hast? And he said: they are the children which God hath given thy servant. Then came the maidens forth, and did their obeisance. Lea also and her children came and did their obeisance. And last of all came Joseph and Rahel and did their obeisance.

The sons of Rahel: Joseph and Ben Jamin.

And God appeared unto Jacob again after he came out of Mesopotamia and blessed him and said unto him: Thy name is Jacob. Notwithstanding thou shalt be no more called Jacob, but Israel shall be thy name. And so was his name called Israel.

And Jacob dwelt in the land wherein his father was a stranger, that is to say in the land of Canaan. And these are the generations of Jacob: when Joseph was seventeen years old, he kept sheep with his brethren, and the lad was with the sons of Bilha and of Zilpha his fathers wives. And he brought unto their father an evil saying that was of them. And Israel loved Joseph more than all his children, because he begat him in his old age, and he made him a coat of many colors.

When his brethren saw that their father loved him more than all his brethren, they hated him and could not speak one kind word unto him. Moreover Joseph dreamed a dream and told it his brethren: wherefore they hated him yet the more. And he said unto them: hear I pray you this dream which I have dreamed: Behold we were making sheaves in the field: and lo, my sheaf arose and stood upright, and yours stood round about and made obeisance to my sheaf. Then said his brethren unto him: what, shalt thou be our king or shalt thou reign over us? And they hated him yet the more, because of his dream and of his words.

And he dreamed yet another dream and told it his brethren saying: behold, I have had one dream more: me thought the *sonne (son) and the moon and eleven stars made obeisance to me. And when he had told it unto his father and his brethren, his father rebuked him and said unto him: what meaneth this dream which thou hast dreamed: shall I and thy mother and thy brethren come and fall on the ground before thee? And his brethren hated him, but his father noted the saying.

* sonne is exactly the way it appears in the original text, sun, spelled sunne; in middle English.

His brethren went to keep their fathers sheep in Sichem, and Israel said unto Joseph: do not thy brethren keep in Sichem? come that I may send thee to them. And he answered here am I. And he said unto him: go and see whether it be well with thy brethren and the sheep, and bring me word again. And sent him out of the vale of Hebron, for to go to Sichem. And a certain man found him wandering out of his way in the field, and asked him what he sought. And he answered: I seek my brethren, tell me I pray thee where they keep sheep. And the man said, they are departed here, for I heard them say let us go unto Dothan. Thus went Joseph after his brethren, and found them in Dothan.

And when they saw him afar off before he came at them, they took counsel against him, for to slay him, and said one to another, Behold this dreamer cometh, come now and let us slay him and cast him into some pit, and let us say that some wicked beast hath devoured him, and let us see what his dreams will come to.

When Ruben heard that, he went about to rid him out of their hands and said, let us not kill him. And Ruben said moreover unto them, shed not his blood, but cast him into this pit that is in the wilderness, and lay no hands upon him: for he would have rid him out of their hands and delivered him to his father again.

And as soon as Joseph was come unto his brethren, they stripped him out of his gay coat that was upon him, and they took him and cast him into a pit. But the pit was empty and had no water therein. And they sat them down to eat bread. And as they lift up their eyes and looked about, there came a company of Ismaelites from Gilead, and their camels laden with spicery, balm, and myrrh, and were going down into Egypt.

Then said Juda to his brethren, what availeth it that we slay our brother, and keep his blood secret? come on, let us sell him to the Ismaelites, and let not our hands be defiled upon him: for he is our brother and our flesh. And his brethren were content. Then as the Madianites merchant men passed by, they drew Joseph out of the pit and sold him unto the Ismaelites for twenty pieces of silver. And they brought him into Egypt.

And when Ruben came again unto the pit and found not Joseph there, he rent his clothes and went again unto his brethren saying: the lad is not yonder, and whither shall I go?

And they took Josephs coat and killed a goat, and dipped the coat in the blood.

And they sent that gay coat and caused it to be brought unto their father and said: This have we found: see, whether it be thy sons coat or no. And he knew it saying: it is my sons coat: a wicked beast hath devoured him, and Joseph is rent in pieces.

And Jacob rent his clothes, and put sack cloth about his loins, and sorrowed for his son a long season. Then came all his sons and all his daughters to comfort him. And he would not be comforted, but said: I will go down into the grave unto my son, mourning. And thus his father wept for him. And the Madianites sold him in Egypt unto Putiphar a lord of Pharaos: and his chief marshal.

And it fortuned at that time that *Judas went from his brethren and gat him to a man called Hira of Odollam, and there he saw the daughter of a man called Sua a Cananite. And he took her and went in unto her. And she conceived and bare a son and called his name Er. And she conceived again and bare a son and called him Onan. And she conceived the third time and bare a son, whom she called Sela: and he was at Chesib when she bare him. *Judas (exact spelling)

And Judas gave Er his eldest son, a wife whose name was Thamar. But this Er Judas eldest son was wicked in the sight of the Lord, wherefore the Lord slew him. Then said Judas unto Onan: go in to thy brothers wife and marry her, and stir up seed unto thy brother. And when Onan perceived that the seed should not be his: therefore when he went in to his brothers wife, he spilled it on the ground, because he would not give seed unto his brother. And the thing which he did, displeased the Lord, wherefore he slew him also. Then said Juda to Thamar his daughter in law: remain a widow at thy fathers house, till Sela my son be grown: for he feared lest he should have died also, as his brethren did. Thus went Thamar and dwelt in her fathers house.

And in process of time, the daughter of Sua Judas wife died. Then Judas when he had left mourning, went unto his sheep shearers to Thimnath with his friend Hira of Odollam. And one told Thamar saying: behold, thy father in law goeth up to Thimnath, to shear his sheep. And she put her widows garments off from her and covered her with a cloak, and disguised herself: And sat her down at the entering of Enaim which is by the high ways side to Thimnath, for because she saw that Sela was grown, and she was not given unto him to wife.

When Juda saw her he thought it had been an whore, because she had covered her face. And turned to her unto the way and said, come I pray thee, let me lie with thee, for he knew not that it was his daughter in law. And she said what wilt thou give me, for to lie with me? Then said he, I will send thee a kid from the flock. She answered, Then give me a pledge till thou send it. Then said he, what pledge shall I give thee? And she said: thy signet, thy bracelet, and thy staff that is in thy hand. And he gave it her and lay by her, and she was with child by him. And she gat her up and went and put her mantle from her, and put on her widows raiment again. And Judas sent the kid by his neighbor of Odollam, for to fetch out his pledge again from the wifes hand. But he found her not. Then asked he the men of the same place saying: where is the whore that sat at Enaim in the way? And they said: there was no whore here. And he came to Juda again saying: I cannot find her, and also the men of the place said: that there was no whore there. And Juda said: let her take it to her, lest we be shamed: for I sent the kid and thou couldest not find her.

And it came to pass that after three months, one told Juda saying: Thamar thy daughter in law hath played the whore, and with playing the whore is become great with child. And Juda said: bring her forth and let her be burnt. And when they brought her forth, she sent to her father in law saying: by the man unto whom these things pertain, am I with child. And said also: look whose are this seal, bracelet, and staff. And Juda knew them saying: she is more righteous than I, because I gave her not to Sela my son. But he lay with her no more.

When time was come that she should be delivered, behold there was two twins in her womb. And as she travailed, the one put out his hand and the midwife took and bound a red thread about it saying: this will come out first. But he plucked his hand back again, and his brother came out. And she said: wherefore hast thou rent a rent upon thee? and called him Pharez. And afterward came out his brother that had the red thread about his hand, which was called Zarah.

The 39th Chapter

Joseph was brought unto Egypt, and Putiphar a lord of Pharaos: and his chief marshal an Egyptian, bought him of the Ismaelites which brought him there. And the Lord was with Joseph, and he was a lucky fellow and continued in the house of his master the Egyptian. And his master saw that the Lord was with him, and that the Lord made all that he did prosper in his hand: Wherefore he found grace in his masters sight, and served him. And his master made him ruler of his house, and put all that he had in his hand. And as soon as he had made him ruler over his house and over all that he had, the Lord blessed this Egyptians house for Josephs sake, and the blessing of the Lord was upon all that he had: both in the house and also in the fields. And therefore he left all that he had in Josephs hand, and looked upon nothing that was with him, save only on the bread which he ate. And Joseph was a goodly person and well favored. And it fortuned after this, that his masters wife cast her eyes upon Joseph and said: come lie with me. But he denied and said to her: Behold, my master knows not what he hath in the house with me, but hath committed all that he hath to my hand. He himself is not greater in the house than I, and hath kept nothing from me, but only thee because thou art his wife. How then can I do this great wickedness, for to sin against God? And after this manner spake she to Joseph day by day: but he hearkened not unto her, to sleep near her or to be in her company.

And it fortuned about the same season, that Joseph entered into the house, to do his business: and there was none of the household by, in the house. And she caught him by the garment saying: come sleep with me. And he left his garment in her hand and fled and got him out. When she saw that he had left his garment in her hand, and was fled out, she called unto the men of the house, and told them saying: See, he hath brought in an Hebrew unto us to do us shame: for he came in to me, for to have slept with me. But I cried with a loud voice. And when he heard, that I lifted up my voice and cried, he left his garment with me and fled away and got him out.

And she laid up his garment by her, until her lord came home. And she told him according to these words saying. This Hebrews servant which thou hast brought unto us came in to me to do me shame. But as soon as I lifted up my voice and cried, he left his garment with me and fled out. When his master heard the words of his wife which she told him saying: after this manner did thy servant to me, he waxed wroth.

And he took Joseph and put him in prison: even in the place where the kings prisoners lay bound. And there continued he in prison, but the Lord was with Joseph and showed him mercy, and got him favour in the sight of the keeper of the prison which committed to Josephs hand all the prisoners that were in the prison house. And whatsoever was done there, that did he. And the keeper of the prison looked unto nothing that was under his hand, because the Lord was with him, and because that whatsoever he did, the Lord made it come luckily to pass.

The 40th Chapter

And it chanced after this, that the chief butler of the king of Egypt and his chief baker had offended their lord the king of Egypt. And Pharao was angry with them and put them in ward in his chief marshals house: even in the prison where Joseph was bound. And the chief marshal gave Joseph a charge with them, and he served them. And they continued a season in ward.

And they dreamed either of them in one night: both the butler and the baker of the king of Egypt which were bound in the prison house, either of them his dream, and each mans dream of a sundry (various) interpretation. When Joseph came in unto them in the morning, and looked upon them: behold, they were sad. And he asked them saying, wherefore look ye so sadly today? They answered him, we have dreamed a dream, and have no man to declare it. And Joseph said unto them. Interpreting belongeth to God but tell me yet. And the chief butler told his dream to Joseph and said unto him. In my dream methought there stood a vine before me, and in the vine were three branches, and it was as though it budded, and her blossoms shot forth: and the grapes thereof waxed ripe. And I had Pharaos cup in my hand, and took of the grapes and wrung them into Pharaos cup, and delivered Pharaos cup into his hand. And Joseph said unto him, this is the interpretation of it. The three branches are three days: for within three days shall Pharao lift up thine head, and restore thee unto thine office again, and thou shalt deliver Pharaos cup into his hand, after the old manner, even as thou didest when thou was his butler. But think on me with thee, when thou art in good case, and shew mercy unto me. And make mention of me to Pharao, and help to bring me out of this house: for I was stolen out of the land of the Hebrews, and here also have I done nothing at all wherefore they should have put me into this dungeon. When the chief baker saw that he had well interpreted it, he said unto Joseph, me thought also in my dream, that I had three wicker baskets on my head. And in the uppermost basket of all manner bakemeats for Pharao. And the birds ate them out of the basket upon my head.

Joseph answered and said: this is the interpretation thereof. The three baskets are three days, for this day three days shall Pharao take thy head from thee, and shall hang thee on a tree, and the birds shall eat thy flesh from off thee.

And it came to pass the third day which was Pharaos birthday, that he made a feast unto all his servants. And he lifted up the head of the chief butler and of the chief baker among his servants. And restored the chief butler unto his butlership again, and he reached the cup into Pharaos hand, and hanged the chief baker: even as Joseph had interpreted unto them. Notwithstanding the chief butler remembered not Joseph, but forgot him.

The 41st Chapter

And it fortuned at two years end, that Pharao dreamed, and thought that he stood by a rivers side, and that there came out of the river seven goodly kine (cows) and fat fleshed, and fed in a meadow, and him thought that seven other kine came up after them out of the river evil favored and lean fleshed and stood by the other upon the brink of the river. And the evil favored and lean fleshed kine: ate up the seven well favored and fat kine: and he awoke therewith. And he slept again and dreamed the second time, that seven ears of corn grew upon one stalk rank and goodly. And that seven thin ears blasted with the wind, sprang up after them: and that the seven thin ears devoured the seven rank and full ears. And then Pharao awaked: and see, here is his dream. When the morning came, his spirit was troubled. And he sent and called for all the soothsayers of Egypt and all the wise men thereof, and told them his dream: but there was none of them that could interpret it unto Pharao. Then spake the chief butler unto Pharao saying. I do remember my fault this day. Pharao was angry with his servants, and put in ward in the chief marshals house both me and the chief baker. And we dreamed both of us in one night and each mans dream of a sundry (various) interpretation.

And there was with us a young man, an Hebrew born, servant unto the chief marshal. And we told him, and he declared our dreams to us according to either of our dreams. And as he declared them unto us, even so it came to pass. I was restored to mine office again, and he was hanged.

Then Pharao sent and called Joseph. And they made him haste out of prison. And he shaved himself and changed his raiment, and went in to Pharao. And Pharao said unto Joseph: I have dreamed a dream and no man can interpret it, but I have heard say of thee that as soon as thou hearest a dream, thou dost interpret it. And Joseph answered Pharao saying: God shall give Pharao an answer of peace without me.

Pharao said unto Joseph: in my dream me thought I stood by a rivers side, and there came out of the river seven fat fleshed and well favored kine(cows), and fed in the meadow. And then seven other kine came up after them, poor and very evil favored and lean fleshed: so that I never saw their like in all the land of Egypt in evil favoredness. And the seven lean and evil favored kine ate up the first seven fat kine. And when they had eaten them up, a man could not perceive that they had eaten them: for they were still as evil favored as they were at the beginning. And I awoke. And I saw again in my dream seven ears spring out of one stalk full and good, and seven other ears withered, thin and blasted with wind, spring up after them. And the thin ears devoured the seven good ears. And I have told it unto the soothsayers, but no man can tell me what it meaneth. Then Joseph said unto Pharao: both Pharaos dreams are one. And God doth show Pharao what he is about to do. The seven good kine are years: and the seven good ears are seven years also, and is but one dream. Likewise, the seven thin and evil favored kine that came out after them, are seven years: and the seven empty and blasted ears shall be seven years of hunger. This is that which I said unto Pharao, that God doth show Pharao what he is about to do.

Behold there shall come seven years of great plenteousness throughout all the land of Egypt. And there shall arise after them seven years of hunger. So that all the plenteousness shall be forgotten in the land of Egypt. And the hunger shall consume the land: so that the plenteousness shall not be once a seen in the land by reason of that hunger that shall come after, for it shall be exceeding great. And as concerning that the dream was doubled unto Pharao the second time, it betokeneth that the thing is certainly prepared of God, and that God will shortly bring it to pass.

Now therefore let Pharao provide for a man of understanding and wisdom, and set him over the land of Egypt. And let Pharao make officers over the land, and take up the fifth part of the land of Egypt in the seven plenteous years and let them gather all the food of these good years that come, and lay up corn under the power of Pharao: that there may be food in the cities, and there let them keep it: that there may be food in store in the land, against the seven years of hunger which shall come in the land of Egypt, and that the land perish not through hunger.

And the saying pleased Pharao and all his servants. Then said Pharao unto his servants: where shall we find such a man as this is, that hath the spirit of God in him? wherefore Pharao said unto Joseph: forasmuch as God hath shewed thee all this, there is no man of understanding nor of wisdom like unto thee. Thou therefore shalt be over my house, and according to thy word shall all my people obey: only in the kings seat will I be above thee. And he said unto Joseph: behold, I have set thee over all the land of Egypt. And he took off his ring from his finger, and put it upon Josephs finger, and arrayed him in raiment of byss (fine linen), and put a golden chain about his neck and set him upon the best chariot that he had save one. And they cried before him Abrech, and that Pharao had made him ruler over all the land of Egypt.

And Pharao said unto Joseph: I am Pharao, without thy will, shall no man lift up either his hand or foot in all the land of Egypt. And he called Josephs name Zaphnath Paenea. And he gave him to wife Asnath the daughter of Putiphar priest of On. Then went Joseph abroad in the land of Egypt. And he was thirty years old when he stood before Pharao king of Egypt. And then Joseph departed from Pharao, and went throughout all the land of Egypt.

And in the seven plenteous years they made sheaves and gathered up all the food of the seven plenteous years which were in the land of Egypt and put it into the cities. And he put the food of the fields that grew round about every city: even in the same. And Joseph laid up corn in store, like unto the sand of the sea in multitude out of measure, until he left numbering: For it was without number. And unto Joseph were born two sons before the years of hunger came, which Asnath the daughter of Putiphar priest of On, bare unto him. And he called the name of the first son Manasse, for God (said he) hath made me forget all my labor and all my fathers household. The second called he Ephraim, for God (said he) hath caused me to grow in the land of my trouble.

And when the seven years of plenteousness that was in the land of Egypt were ended, then came the seven years of dearth, according as Joseph had said. And the dearth was in all lands: but in the land of Egypt was there yet food. When now all the land of Egypt began to hunger, then cried the people to Pharao for bread. And Pharao said unto all Egypt: go unto Joseph, and what he saith to you that do. And when the dearth was throughout all the land, Joseph opened all that was in the cities, and sold unto the Egyptians. And hunger waxed sore in the land of Egypt. And all countries came to Egypt to Joseph for to buy corn: because that the hunger was so sore in all lands.

The 42nd Chapter

When Jacob saw that there was corn to be sold in Egypt, he said unto his sons: why are ye negligent? behold, I have heard that there is corn to be sold in Egypt. Get you there and buy us corn from there, that we may live and not die. So went Josephs ten brethren down to buy corn in Egypt, for Ben Jamin Josephs brother would not Jacob send with his other brethren: for he said: some misfortune might happen him.

And the sons of Israel came to buy corn among other that came, for there was dearth also in the land of Canaan. And Joseph was governor in the land, and sold corn to all the people of the land. And his brethren came, and fell flat on the ground before him. When Joseph saw his brethren, he knew them: But made strange unto them, and spake roughly unto them saying: Whence come ye? and they said: out of the land of Canaan, to buy victual. Joseph knew his brethren, but they knew not him.

And Joseph remembered his dreams which he dreamed of them, and said unto them: ye are spies, and to see where the land is weak is your coming. And they said unto him: nay, my lord: but to buy victual thy servants are come. We are all one mans sons, and mean truly, and thy servants are no spies. And he said unto them: nay verily, but even to see where the land is weak is your coming. And they said: we thy servants are twelve brethren, the sons of one man in the land of Canaan. The youngest is yet with our father, and one no man knows where he is. Joseph said unto them, that is it that I said unto you, that ye are surely spies. Here by ye shall be proved. For by the life of Pharao, ye shall not go from here, until your youngest brother be come hither. Send therefore one of you and let him fetch your brother, and ye shall be in prison in the mean season. And thereby shall your words be proved, whether there be any truth in you: or else by the life of Pharao, ye are but spies. And he put them in ward three days.

And Joseph said unto them the third day: This do and live, for I fear God. If ye mean no hurt, let one of your brethren be bound in the prison, and go ye and bring the necessary food unto your households, and bring your youngest brother unto me: that your words may be believed, and that ye die not. And they did so.

Then they said one to another: we have verily sinned against our brother, in that we saw the anguish of his soul when he besought us, and would not hear him: therefore is this trouble come upon us. Ruben answered them saying: said I not unto you that ye should not sin against the lad? but ye would not hear. And now verily see, his blood is required. They were not aware that Joseph understood them, for he spake unto them by an interpreter. And he turned from them and wept, and then turned to them again and communed with them, and took out Simeon from among them and bound him before their eyes, and commanded to fill their sacks with corn, and to put every mans money in his sack, and to give them victual to spend by the way. And so it was done to them. And they laddened their asses with the corn and departed there. And as one of them opened his sack, for to give his ass provender in the Inn, he spied his money in his sacks mouth. And he said unto his brethren: my money is restored me again, and is even in my sacks mouth. Then their hearts failed them, and were astonished and said one to another: how cometh it that God dealeth thus with us. And they came unto Jacob their father unto the land of Canaan, and told him all that had happened them saying: The lord of the land spake roughly to us, and took us for spies to search the country. And we said unto him: we mean truly and are no spies. We be twelve brethren sons of our father, one is away, and the youngest is now with our father in the land of Canaan. And the lord of the country said unto us: hereby shall I know if ye mean truly: leave one of your brethren here with me, and take food necessary for your households and get you away, and bring your youngest brother unto me. And thereby shall I know that ye are no spies, but mean truly: So will I deliver you your brother again, and ye shall occupy in the land. And as they emptied their sacks, behold: every mans bundle of money was in his sack. And when both they and their father saw the bundles of money, they were afraid.

And Jacob their father said unto them: Me have ye robbed of my children: Joseph is away, and Simeon is away, and ye will take Ben Jamin away. All these things fall upon me. Ruben answered his father saying: Slay my two sons, if I bring him not to thee again. Deliver him therefore to my hand, and I will bring him to thee again: And he said: my son shall not go down with you. For his brother is dead, and he is left alone. Moreover some misfortune might happen upon him by the way which ye go. And so should ye bring my gray head with sorrow unto the grave.

The 43rd Chapter

And the dearth waxed sore in the land. And when they had eaten up that corn which they brought out of the land of Egypt, their father said unto them: go again and buy us a little food. Then said Juda unto him: the man did testify unto us saying: look that ye see not my face except your brother be with you. Therefore if thou wilt send our brother with us, we will go and buy the food. But if thou wilt not send him, we will not go: for the man said unto us: look that ye see not my face, except your brother be with you. And Israel said: wherefore dealt ye so cruelly with me, as to tell the man that ye had yet another brother? And they said: The man asked us of our kindred saying: is your father yet alive? have ye not another brother? And we told him according to these words. How could we know that he would bid us bring our brother down with us? Then said Juda unto Israel his father: Send the lad with me, and we will rise and go, that we may live and not die: both we, thou and also our children. I will be surety for him, and of my hands require him. If I bring him not to thee and set him before thine eyes, then let me bear the blame for ever. For except we had made this tarrying: by this we had been there twice and come again.

Then their father Israel said unto them: if it must needs be so now: then do thus, take of the best fruits of the land in your vessels, and bring the man a present, a courtesy balm, and a courtesy of honey, spices and myrrh, dates and almonds. And take as much money more with you. And the money that was brought again in your sacks, take it again with you, peradventure it was some oversight.

Take also your brother with you, and arise and go again to the man. And God almighty give you mercy in the sight of the man and send you your other brother and also Ben Jamin, and I will be as a man robbed of his children.

Thus took they the present and twice so much more money with them, and Ben Jamin. And rose up, went down to Egypt, and presented themselves to Joseph. When Joseph saw Ben Jamin with them, he said to the ruler of his house: bring these men home, and slay and make ready: for they shall dine with me at noon. And the man did as Joseph bade, and brought them in to Josephs house.

When they were brought to Josephs house, they were afraid and said: because of the money that came in our sacks mouths at the first time, are we brought, to pick a quarrel with us and to lay some thing to our charge to bring us in bondage and our asses also. Therefore came they to the man that was the ruler over Josephs house, and communed with him at the door and said:

Sir, we came hither at the first time to buy food, and as we came to an inn and opened our sacks: behold, every mans money was in his sack with full weight: But we have brought it again with us, and other money have we brought also in our hands, to buy food, but we cannot tell who put our money in our sacks. And he said: be of good cheer, fear not: Your God and the God of your fathers hath put you that treasure in your sacks, for I had your money. And he brought Simeon out to them and led them into Josephs house, and gave them water to wash their feet, and gave their asses provender: And they made ready their present against Joseph came at noon, for they heard say that they should dine there. When Joseph came home, they brought the present into the house to him, which they had in their hands, and fell hat on the ground before him. And he welcomed them courteously saying: is your father that old man which ye told me of, in good health? and is he yet alive? they answered: thy servant our father is in good health, and is yet alive. And they bowed themselves and fell to the ground.

And he lifted up his eyes and beheld his brother Ben Jamin his mothers son, and said: is this your youngest brother of whom ye said unto me? And said: God be merciful unto thee my son. And Joseph made haste (for his heart did melt upon his brother) and sought where to weep, and entered into his chamber, for to weep there. And he washed his face and came out and refrained himself, and bade set bread on the table.

And they prepared for him by himself, and for them by themselves, and for the Egyptians which ate with him by themselves, because the Egyptians may not eat bread with the Hebrews, for that is an abomination unto the Egyptians. And they sat before him: the eldest according unto his age, and the youngest according unto his youth. And the men marvelled among themselves. And they brought rewards unto them from before him: but Ben Jamins part was five times so much as any of theirs. And they ate and they drank, and were drunk with him.

The 44th Chapter

And he commanded the ruler of his house saying: fill the mens sacks with food, as much as they can carry, and put every mans money in his bag mouth, and put my silver cup in the sacks mouth of the youngest and his corn money also. And he did as Joseph had said. And in the morning as soon as it was light, the men were let go with their asses. And when they were out of the city and not yet far away, Joseph said unto the ruler of his house: up and follow after the men and overtake them, and say unto them: wherefore have ye rewarded evil for good? is that not the cup of which my lord drinketh, and doth he not prophesy therein? ye have evil done that ye have done.

And he overtook them and said the same words unto them. And they answered him: wherefore saith my lord such words? God forbid that thy servants should do so. Behold, the money which we found in our sacks mouths, we brought again unto thee, out of the land of Canaan: how then should we steal out of my lords house, either silver or gold? with whosoever of thy servants it be found let him die, and let us also be my lords bondmen. And he said: Now therefore according unto your words, he with whom it is found, shall be my servant: but ye, shall be harmless.

And at once every man took down his sack to the ground, and every man opened his sack. And he searched, and began at the eldest and left at the youngest. And the cup was found in Ben Jamins sack. Then they rent their clothes, and laded every man his ass and went again unto the city. And Juda and his brethren came to Josephs house, for he was yet there, and they fell before him on the ground. And Joseph said unto them: what deed is this which ye have done? knew ye not that such a man as I can prophesy?

Then said Juda: what shall we say unto my lord, what shall we speak or what excuse can we make? God hath found out the wickedness of thy servants. Behold, both we and he with whom the cup is found, are thy servants. And he answered: God forbid that I should do so, the man with whom the cup is found, he shall be my servant: but go ye in peace unto your father.

Then Juda went unto him and said: oh my lord, let thy servant speak a word in my lords ear, and be not wroth with thy servant: for thou art even as Pharao. My lord asked his servant saying: have ye a father or a brother? And we answered my lord, we have a father that is old, and a young lad which he begat in his age: and the brother of the said lad is dead, and he is all that is left of that mother. And his father loveth him. Then said my lord unto his servants bring him unto me, that I may set mine eyes upon him. And we answered my lord, that the lad could not go from his father, for if he should leave his father, he were but a dead man. Then saidest thou unto thy servants: except your youngest brother come with you, look that ye see my face no more.

And when we came unto thy servant our father, we shewed him what my lord had said. And when our father said unto us, go again and buy us a little food: we said, that we could not go. Nevertheless if our youngest brother go with us then will we go, for we may not see the mans face, except our youngest brother be with us. Then said thy servant our father unto us. Ye know that my wife bare me two sons. And the one went out from me and it is said of a surety that he is torn in pieces of wild beasts, and I saw him not since. If ye shall take this also away from me and some misfortune happen upon him, then shall ye bring my gray head with sorrow unto the grave.

Now therefore when I come to thy servant my father, if the lad be not with me: seeing that his life hangeth by the lads life, then as soon as he seeth that the lad is not come, he will die. So shall we thy servants bring the gray head of thy servant our father with sorrow unto the grave. For I thy servant became surety for the lad unto my father and said: if I bring him not unto thee again. I will bear the blame all my life long. Now therefore let me thy servant bide here for the lad, and be my lords bondman: and let the lad go home with his brethren. For how can I go unto my father, and the lad not with me: lest I should see the wretchedness that shall come on my father.

The 45th Chapter

And Joseph could no longer refrain before all them that stood about him, but commanded that they should go all out from him, and that there should be no man with him, while he uttered himself unto his brethren. And he wept aloud, so that the Egyptians and the house of Pharao heard it. And he said unto his brethren: I am Joseph, doth my father yet live? But his brethren could not answer him, for they were abashed at his presence. And Joseph said unto his brethren: come near to me, and they came near. And he said: I am Joseph your brother whom ye sold into Egypt. And now be not grieved therewith, neither let it seem a cruel thing in your eyes, that ye sold me here. For God did send me before you to save life. For this is the second year of dearth in the land, and five more are behind in which there shall neither be earing nor harvest.

Wherefore God sent me before you to make provision, that ye might continue in the earth and to save your lives by a great deliverance. So now it was not ye that sent me here, but God: and he hath made me father unto Pharao and lord over all his house, and ruler in all the land of Egypt. Haste you and go to my father and tell him, this sayeth thy son Joseph: God hath made me lord over all Egypt. Come down unto me and tarry not. And thou shalt dwell in the land of Gosan and be by me: both thou and thy children, and thy childrens children: and thy sheep, and beasts and all that thou hast. There will I make provision for thee: for there remain yet five years of dearth, lest thou and thy household and all that thou hast perish.

Behold, your eyes do see, and the eyes also of my brother Ben Jamin, that I speak to you by mouth. Therefore tell my father of all my honor which I have in Egypt and of all that ye have seen, and make haste and bring my father here. And he fell on his brother Ben Jamins neck and wept, and Ben Jamin wept on his neck. Moreover he kissed all his brethren and wept upon them. And after that, his brethren talked with him. And when the tidings was come unto Pharaos house that Josephs brethren were come, it pleased Pharao well and all his servants.

And Pharao spake unto Joseph: say unto thy brethren, this do ye: lade your beasts and get you hence, And when ye be come unto the land of Canaan, take your father and your households and come unto me, and I will give you the best of the land of Egypt, and ye shall eat the fat of the land. And commanded also. This do ye: take chariots with you out of the land of Egypt, for your children and for your wives: and bring your father and come. Also, regard not your stuff, for the goods of all the land of Egypt shall be yours.

And the children of Israel did even so, And Joseph gave them chariots at the commandment of Pharao, and gave them victual also to spend by the way. And he gave unto each of them change of raiment: but unto Ben Jamin he gave three hundred pieces of silver and five changes of raiment. And unto his father he sent after the same manner: ten he asses laden with goods out of Egypt, and ten she asses laden with corn, bread and meat: to serve his father by the way. So sent he his brethren away, and they departed. And he said unto them: see that ye fall not out by the way.

And they departed from Egypt and came into the land of Canaan unto Jacob their father, and told him saying. Joseph is yet alive and is governor over all the land of Egypt. And Jacobs heart wavered, for he believed them not. And they told him all the words of Joseph which he had said unto them. But when he saw the chariots which Joseph had sent to carry him, then his spirits revived. And Israel said: I have enough, if Joseph my son be yet alive: I will go and see him, before that I die.

The 46th Chapter

Israel took his journey with all that he had, and came unto Berseba and offered offerings unto the God of his father Isaac. And God said unto Israel in a vision by night, and called unto him: Jacob, Jacob. And he answered: here am I. And he said: I am that mighty God of thy father, fear not to go down into Egypt. For I will make of thee there a great people. I will go down with thee into Egypt, and I will also bring thee up again, and Joseph shall put his hand upon thine eyes. And Jacob rose up from Berseba. And the sons of Israel carried Jacob their father, and their children and their wives in the chariots which Pharao had sent to carry him. And they took their cattle and the goods which they had gotten in the land of Canaan, and came into Egypt: both Jacob and all his seed with him, his sons and his sons sons with him: his daughters and his sons daughters and all his seed brought he with him into Egypt.


These are the names of the children of Israel which came into Egypt, both Jacob and his sons: Ruben Jacobs first son. The children of Ruben: Hanoch, Pallu, Hezron and Charmi. The children of Simeon: Jemuel, Jami, Ohad, Jachin, Zohar and Saul the son of a Cananitish woman. The children of Levi: Gerson, Kahath and Merari. The children of Juda: Er, Onan, Sela, Pharez and Zerah, but Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan. The children of Pharez, Hezron, and Hamul. The children of Isachar: Tola, Phua, Job and Semson. The children of Zabulon: Sered, Elon and Jaheleel. These be the children of Lea which she bare unto Jacob in Mesopotamia with his daughter Dina. All these souls of his sons and daughters make thirty and three.

The children of Gad: Ziphion, Haggi, Suni, Ezbon, Eri, Arodi and Areli. The children of Asser: Jemna, Jesua, Jesui, Bria and Serah their sister. And the children of Bria were Heber and Malchiel. These are the children of Silpha whom Laban gave to Lea his daughter. And these she bare unto Jacob in number sixteen souls.

The children of Rahel Jacobs wife: Joseph and Ben Jamin. And unto Joseph in the land of Egypt were born: Manasses and Ephraim which Asnath the daughter of Putiphar priest of On bare unto him. The children of Ben Jamin: Bela, Becher, Asbel, Gera, Naeman, Ehi, Ros, Mupim, Hupim and Ard. These are the children of Rahel which were born unto Jacob: fourteen souls altogether. The children of Dan: Husim. The children Nepthali: Jahezeel, Guni, Jezer and Sillem. These are the sons of Bilha which Laban gave unto Rahel his daughter, and she bare these unto Jacob, altogether seven souls. All the souls that came with Jacob into Egypt which came out of his loins (besides his sons wives) were all together sixty and six souls. And the sons of Joseph, which were born him in Egypt were: two souls. So that all the souls of the house of Jacob which came into Egypt are seventy.

And he sent Juda before him unto Joseph that the way might be shewed him unto Gosan, and they came into the land of Gosan. And Joseph made ready his chariot and went to meet Israel his father unto Gosan, and presented himself unto him, and fell on his neck and wept upon his neck a good while. And Israel said unto Joseph: Now I am content to die, insomuch I have seen thee, that thou art yet alive.

And Joseph said unto his brethren and unto his fathers house: I will go and show Pharao and tell him: that my brethren and my fathers house which were in the land of Canaan are come unto me, and how they are shepherds (for they were men of cattle) and they have brought their sheep and their oxen and all that they have with them. If Pharao call you and ask you what your occupation is, say: thy servants have been occupied about cattle, from our childhood unto this time: both we and our fathers, that ye may dwell in the land of Gosan. For the Egyptians abhor all shepherds.

The 47th Chapter

And Joseph went and told Pharao and said: my father and my brethren their sheep and their beasts and all that they have, are come out of the land of Canaan and are in the land of Gosan. And Joseph took a part of his brethren: even five of them, and presented them unto Pharao. And Pharao said unto his brethren: what is your occupation? And they said unto Pharao: shepherds are thy servants, both we and also our fathers. They said moreover unto Pharao: for to sojourn in the land are we come, for thy servants have no pasture for their sheep so sore is the famishment in the land of Canaan. Now therefore let thy servants dwell in the land of Gosan.

And Pharao said unto Joseph: thy father and thy brethren are come unto thee. The land of Egypt is open before thee: In the best place of the land make both thy father and thy brethren dwell: And even in the land of Gosan let them dwell. Moreover if thou know any men of activity among them, make them rulers over my cattle. And Joseph brought in Jacob his father and set him before Pharao. And Jacob blessed Pharao. And Pharao asked Jacob, how old art thou? And Jacob said unto Pharao: the days of my pilgrimage are an hundred and thirty years. Few and evil have the days of my life been, and have not attained unto the years of the life of my fathers in the days of their pilgrimages. And Jacob blessed Pharao and went out from him. And Joseph prepared dwellings for his father and his brethren, and gave them possessions in the land of Egypt, in the best of the land: even in the land of Rameses, as Pharao commanded. And Joseph made provision for his father, his brethren and all his fathers household, as young children are fed with bread.

There was no bread in all the land, for the dearth was exceeding sore: so that the land of Egypt and the land of Canaan, were famished by the reason of the dearth. And Joseph brought together all the money that was found in the land of Egypt and of Canaan, for the corn which they bought: and he laid up the money in Pharaos house. When money failed in the land of Egypt and of Canaan, all the Egyptians came unto Joseph and said: give us sustenance: wherefore sufferest thou us to die before thee: for our money is spent. Then said Joseph: bring your cattle, and I will give you for your cattle, if ye be without money. And they brought their cattle unto Joseph. And he gave them bread for horses and sheep, and oxen and asses: so he fed them with bread for all their cattle that year.

When that year was ended, they came unto him the next year and said unto him: we will not hide it from my lord, how that we have neither money nor cattle for my lord: there is no more left for my lord, but even our bodies and our lands. Wherefore lettest thou us die before thine eyes, and the land to go to nought? buy us and our lands for bread: and let both us and our lands be bond to Pharao. Give us seed, that we may live and not die, and that the land go not to waste.

And Joseph bought all the land of Egypt for Pharao. For the Egyptians sold every man his land because the dearth was sore upon them: and so the land became Pharaos. And he appointed the people unto the cities, from one side of Egypt unto the other: only the land of the Priests bought he not. For there was an ordinance made by Pharao for the priests, that they should eat that which was appointed unto them: which Pharao had given them wherefore they sold not their lands.

Then Joseph said unto the folk: behold I have bought you this day and your lands for Pharao. Take there seed and go sow the land. And of the increase, ye shall give the fifth part unto Pharao, and four parts shall be your own, for seed to sow the field: and for you, and them of your households, and for your children, to eat. And they answered: Thou hast saved our lives. Let us find grace in the sight of my lord, and let us be Pharaos servants. And Joseph made it a law over the land of Egypt unto this day: that men must give Pharao the fifth part, except the land of the priests only, which was not bond unto pharao.

And Israel dwelt in Egypt: even in the country of Gosan. And they had their possessions therein, and they grew and multiplied exceedingly. Moreover Jacob lived in the land of Egypt seventeen years, so that the whole age of Jacob was an hundred and forty seven years.

When the time drew nigh, that Israel must die: he sent for his son Joseph and said unto him: If I have found grace in thy sight, put thy hand under my thigh and deal mercifully and truly with me, that thou bury me not in Egypt: but let me lie by my fathers, and carry me out of Egypt, and bury me in their burial. And he answered: I will do as thou hast said. And he said: swear unto me. And he sware unto him. And then Israel bowed him unto the beds head.

The 48th Chapter

After these deeds, tidings were brought unto Joseph, that his father was sick. And he took with him his two sons, Manasse and Ephraim. Then was it said unto Jacob: behold, thy son Joseph cometh unto thee. And Israel took his strength unto him, and sat up on the bed, and said unto Joseph: God almighty appeared unto me at Lus in the land of Canaan, and blessed me, and said unto me: behold, I will make thee grow and will multiply thee, and will make a great number of people of thee, and will give this land unto thee and unto thy seed after thee unto an everlasting possession. Now therefore thy two sons Manasse and Ephraim which were born unto thee before I came to thee, into Egypt, shall be mine: even as Ruben and Simeon shall they be unto me. And the children which thou gettest after them, shall be thine own: but shall be called with the names of their brethren in their inheritances. And after I came from Mesopotamia, Rahel died upon my hand in the land of Canaan, by the way: when I had but a fields breadth to go unto Ephrat. And I buried her there in the way to Ephrat which is now called Bethlehem.

And Israel beheld Josephs sons and said: what are these? And Joseph said unto his father: they are my sons, which God hath given me here. And he said: bring them to me, and let me bless them. And the eyes of Israel were dim for age, so that he could not see. And he brought them to him, and he kissed them and embraced them. And Israel said unto Joseph: I had not thought to have seen thy face, and yet lo, God hath shewed it me and also thy seed. And Joseph took them away from his lap, and they fell on the ground before him.

Then took Joseph them both: Ephraim in his right hand toward Israels left hand and Manasse in his left hand, toward Israels right hand, and brought them unto him. And Israel stretched out his right hand and laid it upon Ephraims head which was the younger, and his left hand upon Manasses head, crossing his hands, for Manasse was the elder. And he blessed Joseph saying: God before whom my fathers Abraham and Isaac did walk, and the God which hath fed me all my life long unto this day, And the angel which hath delivered me from all evil, bless these lads: that they may be called after my name, and after my father Abraham and Isaac, and that they may grow and multiply upon the earth.

When Joseph saw that his father laid his right hand upon the head of Ephraim, it displeased him. And he lifted up his fathers hand, to have removed it from Ephraims head unto Manasses head, and said unto his father: Not so my father, for this is the eldest. Put thy right hand upon his head. And his father would not, but said: I know it well my son, I know it well. He shall be also a people and shall be great. But of a truth his younger brother shall be greater than he, and his seed shall be full of people. And he blessed them saying: At the example of these, the Israelites shall bless and say: God make thee as Ephraim and as Manasse. Thus set he Ephraim before Manasse.

And Israel said unto Joseph: behold, I die. And God shall be with you and bring you again unto the land of your fathers. Moreover I give unto thee, a portion of land above thy brethren which I gat out of the hands of the Amorites with my sword and with my bow. The 49th Chapter

And Jacob called for his sons and said: come together, that I may tell you what shall happen you in the last days. Gather you together and hear ye sons of Jacob, and hearken unto Israel your father.

Ruben, thou art mine eldest son, my might and the beginning of my strength, chief in receiving and chief in power. As unstable as water wast thou: thou shalt therefore not be the chiefest, for thou wentest up upon thy fathers bed, and then defiledest thou my couch with going up.

The brethren Simeon and Levi, wicked instruments are their weapons. Into their secrets come not my soul, and unto their congregation be my honor not coupled: for in their wrath they slew a man, and in their self will they *houghed an ox. Cursed be their wrath for it was strong, and their fierceness for it was cruel. I will therefore divide them in Jacob, and scatter them in Israel. *houghed; marginal note: to cut the senows of the leg so that it could not walk. (hamstring)

Juda, thy brethren shall praise thee, and thine hand shall be in the neck of thine enemies, and thy fathers children shall stoop unto thee. Juda is a lions whelp. From spoil my son thou art come on high: he laid him down and couched himself as a lion, and as a lioness. Who dare stir him up? The scepter shall not depart from Juda, nor a ruler from between his legs, until Silo come, unto whom the people shall hearken. He shall bind his foal unto the vine, and his asss colt unto the vine branch, and shall wash his garment in wine and his mantle in the blood of grapes: his eyes are *roudier than wine, and his teeth whiter then milk. *roudier (unknown of sources)

Zabulon shall dwell in the haven of the sea and in the port of ships, and shall reach unto Sidon.Isachar is a strong ass, he couched him down between two borders, and saw that rest was good and the land that it was pleasant, and bowed his shoulder to bear, and became a servant unto tribute. Dan shall judge his people, as one of the tribes of Israel. Dan shall be a serpent in the way, and an adder in the path, and bite the horse heels, so that his rider shall fall backward. After thy saving look I, Lord.

Gad, men of war shall invade him. And he shall turn them to flight.

Of Asser cometh fat bread, and he shall give pleasures for a king.

Nephtalim is a swift hind, and giveth goodly words. That flourishing child Joseph, that flourishing child and goodly unto the eye: the daughters ran upon the wall. The shooters have envied him and chide with him and hated him, and yet his bow bode fast, and his arms and his hands were strong, by the hands of the mighty God of Jacob: out of him shall come an herdsman, a stone in Israel. Thy father s God shall help thee, and the almighty shall bless thee with blessings from heaven above, and with blessings of the water that lieth under, and with blessings of the breasts and of the womb. The blessings of thy father were strong: even as the blessings of my elders, after the desire of the highest in the world, and these blessings shall fall on the head of Joseph, and on the top of the head of him that was separated from his brethren.

Ben Jamin is a ravishing wolf. In the morning he shall devour his prey, and at night he shall divide his spoil.

All these are the twelve tribes of Israel, and this is that which their father spake unto them when he blessed them, every man with a several blessing. And he charged them and said unto them. I shall be put unto my people: see that ye bury me with my fathers, in the cave that is in the field of Ephron the Hethite, in the double cave that is in the field before Mare in the land of Canaan. Which field Abraham bought of Ephron the Hethite for a possession to bury in. There they buried Abraham and Sara his wife, there they buried Isaac and Rebecca his wife. And there I buried Lea: which field and the cave that is therein, was bought of the children of Heth.

When Jacob had commanded all that he would unto his sons, he plucked up his feet upon the bed and died, and was put unto his people,

And Joseph fell upon his fathers face, and wept upon him, and kissed him.

The 50th Chapter

And Joseph commanded his servants that were Physicians, to embalm his father, and the Physicians embalmed Israel forty days long, for so long doth the embalming last, and the Egyptians bewept him seventy days.

And when the days of weeping were ended, Joseph spake unto the house of Pharao saying: If I have found favour in your eyes, speak unto Pharao and tell him, how that my father made me swear and said: lo, I die, see that thou bury me in my grave which I have made me in the land of Canaan. Now therefore let me go and bury my father, and then will I come again. And Pharao said, go and bury thy father, according as he made thee swear.

And Joseph went up to bury his father, and with him went all the servants of Pharao that were the elders of his house, and all the elders of Egypt, and all the house of Joseph and his brethren and his fathers house: only their children and their sheep and their cattle left they behind them in the land of Gosan. And there went with him also Chariots and horsemen: so that they were an exceeding great company.

And when they came to the field of Atad beyond Jordan, there they made great and exceeding sore lamentation. And he mourned for his father seven days. When the inhabiters of the land the Cananites saw the mourning in the field of Atad, they said: this is a great mourning which the Egyptians make. Wherefore the name of the place is called Abelmizraim, which place lieth beyond Jordan. And his sons did unto him according as he had commanded them.

And his sons carried him into the land of Canaan and buried him in the double cave which Abraham had bought with the field to be a place to bury in, of Ephron the Hethite before Mamre. And Joseph returned to Egypt again and his brethren, and all that went up with him to bury his father, as soon as he had buried him.

When Josephs brethren saw that their father was dead, they said: Joseph might fortune to hate us and reward us again all the evil which we did unto him. They did therefore a commandment unto Joseph saying: thy father charged before his death saying: This wise say unto Joseph, forgive I pray thee the trespass of thy brethren and their sin, for they rewarded thee evil. Now therefore we pray thee, forgive the trespass of the servants of thy fathers God. And Joseph wept when they spake unto him.

And his brethren came and fell before him and said: behold we be thy servants. And Joseph said unto them: fear not, for am not I under God? Ye thought evil unto me: but God turned it unto good to bring to pass, as it is this day, even to save much people alive. Fear not therefore, for I will care for you and for your children, and he spake kindly unto them.

Joseph dwelt in Egypt and his fathers house also, and lived an hundred and ten years. And Joseph saw Ephraims children, even unto the third generation. And unto Machir the son of Manasse were children born, and sat on Josephs knees.

And Joseph said unto his brethren: I die. And God will surely visit you and bring you out of this land, unto the land which he sware unto Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. And Joseph took an oath of the children of Israel and said: God will not fail but visit you: see therefore that ye carry my bones hence. And so Joseph died, when he was an hundred and ten years old. And they embalmed him and put him in a chest in Egypt.

The end of the first book of Moses

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